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Singh Prabhat P Neuropharmacology Laboratory, Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, Bharat Institute of Technology, Partapur Bypass, Meerut, 250103, Uttar Pradesh, - - 2014
Opiate exposure for longer duration develops state of dependence in humans and animals, which is revealed by signs and symptoms of withdrawal precipitated by opioid receptor antagonists. The sudden withdrawal of opioids produces a withdrawal syndrome in opioid-dependent subjects. Insulin and ATP-sensitive potassium (KATP) channel-mediated glucose homeostasis have been shown ...
Boling Bryan B Bryan Boling is a staff nurse in the cardiothoracic vascular intensive care unit and a doctoral student in the acute care nurse practitioner program at the University of Kentucky, Lexington.Christopher Key is a staff anesthesiologist, Department of Anesthesiology, University of Alabama, Birmingham.Justin Wainscott is an attending physician on the acute pain service, Department of Anesthesiology, University of Kentucky.Annette Rebel is an attending physician on the critical care service, Department of Anesthesiology, and program director of the critical care fellowship program, University of Kentucky. - - 2014
Harlequin syndrome is a rare neurological condition that results in unilateral facial flushing and sweating. Although the syndrome is generally a benign condition with complete resolution if appropriate treatment is initiated, unilateral facial flushing can be a sign of several serious conditions and should be thoroughly investigated. Sudden onset of ...
Ilhan Nilufer N Department of Ophthalmology, Mustafa Kemal University Faculty of Medicine, Antakya, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
Orbital wall infarctions resulting in orbital and epidural hematomas are rare manifestations of sickle cell disease (SCD). We report orbital compression syndrome associated with an epidural hematoma and wide cephalohematoma in a 15-year-old boy with SCD. An infarcted orbital bone was observed on magnetic resonance imaging and three-phase bone scintigraphy ...
Anson Jonathan A JA Department of Anesthesiology, Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center Hershey, PA, - - 2014
A healthy 21-year-old primigravida presented for elective cesarean section. At 45 min after intrathecal (IT) injection of bupivacaine, morphine and fentanyl she developed dysphagia, right sided facial droop, ptosis and ulnar nerve weakness. This constellation of signs and symptoms resolved 2 h later. Based on the time course and laterality ...
Alzahrani Traiq T Department of Anesthesia, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi - - 2014
We describe a case of Horner's syndrome that occurred shortly after post-operative bolus administration of interscalene brachial plexus analgesia.
Wells Adam J AJ Department of Neurosurgery, Flinders Medical Centre, Flinders Drive, Bedford Park, Adelaide, SA 5042, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2013
Spinal epidural lipomatosis (SEL) is a rare cause of cauda equina syndrome (CES), which must be diagnosed with MRI in conjunction with a high level of clinical suspicion. Most reported cases are associated with obesity, steroid use or are secondary to endocrinopathies, frequently present subacutely or chronically, and have been ...
Meena Sanjay S Department of Orthopaedics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, - - 2013
Objective: To report a case of subtrochanteric femur fracture that led to intraoperative compartment syndrome in the well leg. Clinical Presentation and Intervention: A 28-year-old obese male who presented with a comminuted subtrochanteric fracture underwent a prolonged open reduction and internal fixation using dynamic condylar screw. In the postoperative period, ...
Kulkarni A G AG Saifee Hospital, Mumbai, - - 2013
Brown-Sequard syndrome secondary to compression of the spinal cord by an epidural haematoma following minor trauma is rare. A 65-year-old woman presented with neck pain and sudden onset hemiplegia with contralateral anaesthesia. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a haematoma in the epidural space in the C3 to C5 levels. She underwent ...
Perez Claudio I - - 2013
To evaluate postoperative alignment in children with and without Down syndrome after surgical correction of esotropia. The medical records of consecutive patients with Down syndrome who underwent corrective surgery for esotropia between August 1992 and July 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. Age range for eligibility was between 8 months and 17 years at ...
Kavanagh T - - 2013
Klippel-Feil syndrome is defined by congenital fusion of two or more cervical vertebrae and can be associated with abnormalities in multiple systems. Management poses challenges to the anesthesiologist, particularly in pregnancy. Cervical spine immobility and instability can make the management of the airway fraught with danger and vertebral column distortion ...
Van Driest Sara L - - 2013
To determine the cumulative opioid doses administered to patients with Down syndrome after cardiac surgery and compare them with patients without Down syndrome. Retrospective observational comparative study. PICU in a university-affiliated freestanding pediatric teaching hospital. Infants and children who presented to our institution for heart surgery after July 1, 2008, ...
Wipfli Marius - - 2013
A 78 year old man with tetraparesis, reduced forced vital capacity, and neurogenic bladder dysfunction due to Guillain-Barré syndrome was admitted for elective transurethral prostate resection and percutaneous lithotripsy of a bladder stone. On the sixth postoperative day, he was readmitted for emergency evacuation of a bladder tamponade. Both operations ...
Imagama Shiro - - 2013
Cohen syndrome is a very rare disease. Complication by spinal deformity has been reported, but management and surgery for spinal deformity in Cohen syndrome has not been previously described. The objective of this study was to examine the outcome of surgical treatment for kyphoscoliosis of Cohen syndrome with a literature ...
Merrick Michael T - - 2013
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) induce osteogenesis, making them useful for decreasing time to union and increasing union rates. Although the advantages of BMP-2 as a substitute for iliac crest graft have been elucidated, less is known about the safety profile and adverse events linked to their use in spinal fusion. ...
Carrette Teresa J - - 2013
We reviewed the occurrence, trends, definition and severity of the Irukandji syndrome for the Cairns region of North Queensland, Australia. A retrospective analysis of patient files from two sources was conducted: historic accounts kept by Dr Jack Barnes for the period 1942 to 1967, and records from the Emergency Unit ...
Rehni Ashish K - - 2013
Geranylgeranyltransferase and farnesyltransferase I, are noted to mediate a number of signal transduction cascades which are known to be involved in the causation of opioid withdrawal syndrome. GGTI-2133 and FTI-276 are selective modulators of geranylgeranyltransferase and farnesyltransferase subtype 1 respectively. Therefore, the present study investigated the effect of GGTI-2133 and ...
Corns Robert - - 2013
A 54-year-old man presented with symptoms of cauda equina syndrome, which spontaneously resolved. Initial MRI did not show any compression of the cauda equine; however, an unusual pattern of epidural fat lead to further investigation and ultimately the diagnosis.
Lee Jungjun - - 2012
Calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate (CPPD) deposition disease, also known as pseudogout, is a disease that causes inflammatory arthropathy in peripheral joints, however, symptomatic involvement of the intervertebral disc is uncommon. Herein, we describe a 59-yr-old patient who presented with cauda equina syndrome. Magnetic resonance imaging of the patient showed an epidural ...
Baghirzada Leyla - - 2012
The anesthetic management of women with Marfan syndrome and dural ectasia undergoing Cesarean delivery remains controversial. We present two cases of patients with Marfan syndrome and dural ectasia where neuraxial anesthesia was used successfully. CASE 1: A 31-yr-old G1P0 female with Marfan syndrome presented for elective Cesarean delivery at 35(3/7) ...
Panos George - - 2012
We report the first case of cefepime-induced "red-man syndrome," which appeared 30 min following drug infusion and was confirmed with a rechallenge test. This syndrome is classically associated with vancomycin infusion and is the result of non-IgE mediated mast cell degranulation. While this adverse effect can be easily managed with ...
Rodriquez Roberta Diehl - - 2012
Cysticercosis is an infection caused by the larval stage of the tapeworm Taenia solium. The parasite may infect the central nervous system, causing neurocysticercosis (NCC). The clinical manifestations depend on load, type, size, location, stage of development of the cysticerci, and the host's immune response against the parasite. The racemose ...
Toporovski Julio - - 2012
The concomitance of nephrotic syndrome and acute infection by Toxoplasma gondii is a rare occurrence in humans. In this paper seven cases of children, ranging from 11 months to 7 year-old, with concomitant nephrotic syndrome and asymptomatic acute T. gondii infection are reported. In one of those patients only the ...
Amouroux Cyril - - 2012
Duane retraction syndrome (DRS) is a rare congenital strabismus condition with genetic heterogeneity. DRS associated with intellectual disability or developmental delay is observed in several genetic diseases: syndromes such as Goldenhar or Wildervanck syndrome and chromosomal anomalies such as 12q12 deletion. We report on the case of a patient with ...
Azam Md Quamar MQ Dammam University, Saudi - - 2012
Compartment syndrome is an orthopedic emergency that require early recognition and urgent intervention to avoid catastrophic complications. High index of suspicion is required for early diagnosis based on a constellation of signs and symptoms that include pain out of proportion and worsened by passive stretching, altered sensorium and palpable tenseness. ...
Low J P - - 2011
Polysplenia, as part of the heterotaxy syndrome, is a rare embryological disorder which results from failure of development of the usual left-right asymmetry of organs. It is often associated with cardiac and biliary abnormalities, which are the usual causes of death in early neonatal life. A congenitally short pancreas and ...
Jefferies John L - - 2011
PURPOSE:: Cardiovascular abnormalities are newly recognized features of duplication 17p11.2 syndrome. In a single-center study, we evaluated subjects with duplication 17p11.2 syndrome for cardiovascular abnormalities. METHODS:: Twenty-five subjects with 17p11.2 duplication identified by chromosome analysis and/or array-based comparative genomic hybridization were enrolled in a multidisciplinary protocol. In our clinical evaluation ...
Jefferies John L - - 2012
Cardiovascular abnormalities are newly recognized features of duplication 17p11.2 syndrome. In a single-center study, we evaluated subjects with duplication 17p11.2 syndrome for cardiovascular abnormalities. Twenty-five subjects with 17p11.2 duplication identified by chromosome analysis and/or array-based comparative genomic hybridization were enrolled in a multidisciplinary protocol. In our clinical evaluation of these ...
Digilio Maria Cristina - - 2011
Ebstein anomaly is an uncommon congenital heart defect (CHD), characterized by downward displacement of the tricuspid valve into the right ventricle. To uncover the genetic associations with Ebstein anomaly, we have searched chromosomal imbalances using standard cytogenetic and array-CGH analysis, and single gene conditions associated with syndromic Ebstein anomaly (with ...
Bracken Jennifer - - 2011
BACKGROUND: PHACE (posterior fossa defects, haemangioma, arterial anomalies, coarctation of the aorta and cardiac defects, eye abnormalities) syndrome describes a constellation of abnormalities that can occur in association with segmental craniofacial infantile haemangioma. OBJECTIVE: To report the spectrum of clinical and imaging abnormalities seen in a cohort of children. MATERIALS ...
Sanders Stephan J SJ Program on Neurogenetics, Yale University School of Medicine, 230 South Frontage Road, New Haven, CT 06520, - - 2011
We have undertaken a genome-wide analysis of rare copy-number variation (CNV) in 1124 autism spectrum disorder (ASD) families, each comprised of a single proband, unaffected parents, and, in most kindreds, an unaffected sibling. We find significant association of ASD with de novo duplications of 7q11.23, where the reciprocal deletion causes ...
Naikmasur Venkatesh G - - 2011
Klippel-Feil syndrome (KFS) is a complex syndrome of osseous and visceral anomalies that include the classical clinical triad of short neck, limitation of head and neck movements and low posterior hairline. It may also be associated with anomalies of the genitourinary, musculoskeletal, neurologic and cardiac systems. We report a case ...
Liewluck Teerin - - 2011
Arthrogryposis is a rare congenital disorder characterized by multiple fixed joint contractures. Decreased fetal movement, regardless of etiology, causes an immobilization of the affected joints and subsequent contractures. Amyoplasia refers to the most common variant of arthrogryposis in which patients develop symmetrical limb contractures because of muscle underdevelopment. It is ...
Zhou Fu-de - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Nephrotic syndrome is caused by a variety of glomerulopathy. The current study investigated the renal histopathological spectrum of patients with nephrotic syndrome who received a renal biopsy in our department within the last 15 years. METHODS: One thousand five hundred and twenty-three consecutive patients (≥14 years old at renal ...
Iannetti Ludovico - - 2011
Purpose. To report a case of Cushing syndrome due to adrenocortical adenoma revealed by central serous chorioretinopathy. Materials and Methods. A 45-year-old man presented with blurred vision and metamorphopsia in the left eye. He reported few episodes of high blood pressure in the last 3 months. Results. Visual acuity was ...
Douzgou Sofia - - 2011
A high frequency of the Cohen syndrome has been observed in a Greek island with 2,000 inhabitants and a high degree of inbreeding. All patients were homozygous for a COH1, exon 6-16 deletion suggesting a founder effect. We present the results of their first systematic ophthalmologic assessment. Myopia and chorioretinal ...
Lin Hsiu-Fen - - 2011
Kluver-Bucy syndrome (KBS) is a collection of neuropsychiatric symptoms, including visual agnosia (prosopagnosia), hypermetamorphosis, placidity, hypersexuality, and hyperorality. Although neuropsychiatric manifestation is prevalent in cases with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), only one literature reported a case with SLE that had KBS previously. In this article, a 37-year-old woman with SLE ...
Livnat Galit - - 2011
X-linked Alport syndrome is associated in some families with diffuse leiomyomatosis. We describe herein, the pulmonary complications and outcome of three family members (mother, daughter and son). The three underwent esophagectomy at different age (22 years, three years and 15 months respectively). Their current forced expiratory volume in the first ...
Aloulou Hajer - - 2011
Background: The syndrome of Bardet-Biedl is definite clinically by the association of obesity, polydactyly, pigmentary retinopathy, hypogonadism and backwardness. Aim: To study the epidemiologic, clinical, biological, genetic, therapeutic and evolutionary characteristic of our patients. Methods: We carried out a retrospective study concerning 11 hospitalized children and/or follow-ups with the service ...
Kortte Kathleen B - - 2011
This article highlights the most recent findings regarding the rehabilitation interventions for the syndromes of visual neglect and anosognosia for hemiplegia that occur following right hemisphere stroke. We review papers published in the past 4 years pertaining to therapeutic approaches for these two syndromes in order to identify the trends ...
Chieffo Daniela - - 2011
Aim of the study was to describe prospectively the early neuropsychological evolution including the first pre-cognitive stages of the Severe Myoclonic Epilepsy in Infancy (SMEI) or Dravet syndrome. Five cases, four of whom since before a diagnostic evidence of the Dravet syndrome, were followed up. Full clinical assessment including developmental, ...
Saluja Jagveer Singh - - 2010
A dentigerous cyst is an odontogenic cyst, thought to be of developmental origin. It is associated with the crown of an unerupted (or partially erupted) tooth. The cyst cavity is lined by epithelial cells derived from the reduced enamel epithelium of the tooth forming organ. Most dentigerous cysts are solitary. ...
Pinto David - - 2010
Monitoring the performance of triage systems is essential to optimize their usefulness in each hospital. The objective of this study was to assess the sensitivity of the Manchester Triage System in assigning high priority to patients with acute coronary syndrome, and the sensitivity and specificity of the combinations of flowcharts ...
Balikova I - - 2010
Branchio-oculo-facial syndrome (BOFS) is a rare disorder characterized by maldevelopment of the first and second branchial arches, skin defects, facial dysmorphism, auricular, ophthalmological and oral abnormalities. A high clinical variability has been reported. Recently, mutations in TFAP2A were found to underlie this condition. A small duplication on 5q13 was detected ...
Gibier Laure - - 2009
Acute otitis media complications are less and less common, thanks to the more widespread availability and use of adequate antibiotics. Nevertheless, when they occur, they may be inconspicuous or silent but with dangerous evolution. Described here is the case of a 5-year-old child suffering from incomplete Gradenigo syndrome without acute ...
Sharma R - - 2009
Terson's syndrome is rarely encountered in ophthalmic practice. The ophthalmologists should be acquainted with the clinical features and methods of diagnosis of this syndrome. Here we report a middle-aged lady with altered sensorium, visual impairment and headache who was diagnosed as having Terson's syndrome after fundoscopy and spinal tap. It ...
Bovenschen H Jorn - - 2009
We present a 27-year-old female Caucasian patient, who initially presented with extensive fragility and blistering of mainly the dorsal side of both hands. Histology and urine porphyrin analysis confirmed the diagnosis of porphyria cutanea tarda. Internal screening for underlying disease revealed C282Y mutation-associated primary hemochromatosis, a hereditary iron-overload syndrome that ...
De Stefano A - - 2009
Management of recurrent otitis media with rapid maxillary expansion: our experience. Recurrent otitis media is a frequent problem in the paediatric population. It is commonly associated with adenoid hypertrophy and occasionally with skeletal development syndrome characterised by maxillary anatomical alterations. When this syndrome is present in conjunction with adenoid hypertrophy, ...
Nishiyama Yasuhiro - - 2008
Diethyl ether added as an entrainer (cosolvent) to near- and supercritical CO2 significantly enhanced the enantioselectivity of photocyclization of 5,5-diphenyl-4-penten-1-ol sensitized by saccharide naphthalenedicarboxylate to give a cyclization product in enantiomeric excesses much larger than those obtained in conventional organic solvents, revealing the unique features of nc- and sc-CO2 as ...
Aletras Anthony H - - 2008
ACUT(2)E TSE-SSFP is a hybrid between steady state free precession (SSFP) and turbo spin echo (TSE) for bright-blood T2-weighted imaging with signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) similar to dark-blood TSE. TSE-SSFP uses a segmented SSFP readout during diastole with 180 degrees pulses following a 90 degrees preparation. The ...
Izumi Takeshi - - 2007
5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) syndrome is a dangerous condition of 5-HT excess that can occur during co-administration of a monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor and an antidepressant. We investigated the effects of acute administration of MAO inhibitors and subchronic administration of tricyclic and heterocyclic antidepressants, and a serotonin-noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) on 5-HT ...
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