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Evans Roger R Nursing - - 2014
According to recent figures from the Department of Health, one in 100 babies in the UK today are born with alcohol-related disorders.
Stoos Catherine C 1Department of Pathology, Sanford Health, Sioux Falls, SD, - - 2014
We report the unique neuropathologic study of an adult brain of a patient with fetal alcohol syndrome who developed the well-recognized complication of schizophrenia in adolescence. The major finding was asymmetric formation of the lateral temporal lobes, with marked enlargement of the right superior temporal gyrus, suggesting that alcohol is ...
Mascarenhas J V JV Department of Diabetes and Endocrinology, Tameside NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, - - 2014
Central pontine myelinolysis (CPM), which is a component of the osmotic demyelination syndrome (ODS), is a frequent neurological complication that follows rapid correction of hyponatraemia. However, there are other predisposing risk factors (chronic alcoholism, hypokalaemia) that perpetuate the development of ODS. We report a case of a 39-year-old woman with ...
Lédinghen Victor de VD Centre d'Investigation de la Fibrose hépatique, Hôpital Haut-Lévêque, Centre Hospitalo-Universitaire de Bordeaux, Pessac, France; INSERM U1053, Université Bordeaux Segalen, Bordeaux, France; Service d'Imagerie Médicale, Hôpital Haut-Lévêque, Centre Hospitalo-Universitaire de Bordeaux, Pessac, France. Electronic address: - - 2013
Controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) evaluated with transient elastography (FibroScan) is a recent method for non invasive assessment of steatosis. Its usefulness in clinical practice is unknown. We prospectively investigated the determinants of CAP failure and the relationships between CAP and clinical or biological parameters in a large cohort of consecutive ...
Richard-Devantoy Stéphane S McGill Group for Suicide Studies Montréal, Department of Psychiatry & Douglas Mental Health University Institute, McGill University, Québec, - - 2013
Introduction: Several studies have shown an association between homicide and sexual chromosomal abnormalities, but data are still lacking regarding Klinefelter syndrome. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed two cases of homicide perpetrators who were both diagnosed with Klinefelter syndrome on the basis of a karyotype analysis. A neurocognitive assessment was also performed ...
Rolland Benjamin B From the *PRES Nord de France, Univ Lille Nord de France; and Departments of †Psychiatry and Addiction Medicine, ‡Pharmacology and Pharmacovigilance, and §Resuscitation Care, CHU Lille, Lille, - - 2013
Baclofen is a γ-aminobutyric acid B (GABA-B) receptor agonist that is approved for spasticity. Recently, the off-label use of baclofen for alcohol use disorder (AUD) has increased. However, baclofen is known to induce a neuroadaptation process, which may be identified by the occurrence of a specific baclofen withdrawal syndrome (BWS), ...
Keating Gillian M - - 2013
A liquid formulation of sodium oxybate (Alcover(®)), the sodium salt of γ-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB), is approved in Italy and Austria for use in alcohol withdrawal syndrome and for the maintenance of abstinence in alcohol dependence. This article reviews the efficacy and tolerability of sodium oxybate in alcohol withdrawal syndrome and ...
Wu J Sw - - 2013
In this report, we describe a case of pyrrolizidine alkaloid-related Budd-Chiari syndrome in Hong Kong. A 10-month-old boy presented with ascites, right pleural effusion, and hepatomegaly after consumption of herbal drinks for 3 months. His clinical (including imaging) features were compatible with Budd-Chiari syndrome. Budd-Chiari syndrome is a rare disease ...
Skala Katrin - - 2013
Introduction: Sodium oxybate (SMO) has been shown to be safe and effective in the treatment of patients with alcohol use disorders (AUDs); it was approved in Italy and Austria for the treatment of alcohol withdrawal syndrome and for relapse prevention. The focus of this review is to discuss the clinical ...
Mathews Carol A - - 2013
Tourette syndrome and chronic tic disorder are heritable but aetiologically complex. Although environment plays a role in their development, existing studies of non-genetic risk factors are inconsistent. To examine the association between pre- and perinatal exposures and Tourette syndrome/chronic tic disorder in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children ...
Muncie Herbert L HL Jr Louisiana State University School of Medicine, New Orleans, LA, - - 2013
Approximately 2% to 9% of patients seen in a family physician's office have alcohol dependence. These patients are at risk of developing alcohol withdrawal syndrome if they abruptly abstain from alcohol use. Alcohol withdrawal syndrome begins six to 24 hours after the last intake of alcohol, and the signs and ...
Tarantino Giovanni - - 2013
Based on the available literature, non alcoholic fatty liver disease or generally speaking, hepatic steatosis, is more frequent among people with diabetes and obesity, and is almost universally present amongst morbidly obese diabetic patients. Non alcoholic fatty liver disease is being increasingly recognized as a common liver condition in the ...
Sun Kan - - 2013
Epidemiological evidence suggests that alcohol consumption is related to the incidence and development of metabolic syndrome. However, data on this issue are unstable and controversial. We conducted a meta-analysis to provide a quantitative assessment of the association between alcohol intake and risk of metabolic syndrome. We searched the Pubmed and ...
Landgraf Mirjam N - - 2013
The estimated prevalence of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is 8 for every 1000 live births. FAS has serious, lifelong consequences for the affected children and their families. A variety of professionals deal with persons who have FAS, including pediatricians, general practitioners, neurologists, gynecologists, psychiatrists, and psychotherapists. Early diagnosis is important ...
Rahman Rubayat - - 2013
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary liver malignancy. The incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma has increased dramatically by 80% over the past two decades in the United States. Numerous basic science and clinical studies have documented a strong association between hepatocellular carcinoma and the metabolic syndrome. These studies have ...
Awissi Don-Kelena - - 2013
The neurophysiology, risk factors, and screening tools associated with alcohol withdrawal syndrome in the ICU are reviewed. Alcohol withdrawal syndrome assessment and its treatment options are discussed. Description of nicotine withdrawal and related publications specific to the critically ill are also reviewed. A brief comment as to sedative and opiate ...
Landgraf Mirjam N - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) belongs to the umbrella of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) and affects 0.02-0.8% of all annual births with a high number of undetected cases. FAS has severe and life determining consequences for the affected individual and his family. AIM: The aim of the German guideline ...
Kang Dae Ryong - - 2013
The purposes of this study were to estimate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and to investigate the risk factors associated with metabolic syndrome in Korean workers. This is a secondary data analysis study using the data set from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey IV. A total of ...
Sanka S S Department of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Addenbrookes Hospital, Cambridge, United - - 2013
Spontaneous oesophageal rupture (Boerhaave's syndrome) is extremely rare in children. Presentation is usually in middle aged men as a result of vomiting following heavy food or alcohol consumption. We describe an unusual case of a 12-year old boy without significant past medical history presenting with acute chest pain following gastroenteritis.
Gamito Pedro - - 2013
The consequences of alcohol dependence syndrome are severe, ranging from physical diseases to neuropsychological deficits in several cognitive domains. Alcohol abuse has also been related to brain dysfunction specifically in the prefrontal cortex. We assessed these deficits and the effects of traditional (pen-and-paper) and novel (mobile technology) approaches to cognitive ...
Fröschl Barbara B Gesundheit Österreich GmbH, Vienna, - - 2013
The fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is the most avoidable handicap of newborns. It describes prenatal damages which result from the alcohol consumption of the mother. These can be: reduced body length and weight (pre- and postnatal), microcephaly, musculoskeletal, mental and statomotoric developmental retardations and impaired coordinative ability. There are preventive ...
Singla Manish - - 2012
Refeeding syndrome is characterized by hypophosphatemia in the setting of malnutrition. It is commonly seen in patients with anorexia, alcoholism, or malignancy, and it is often a missed diagnosis. Because of the potential morbidity associated with missing the diagnosis of refeeding syndrome, it is important to monitor for this disease ...
Reid Alasdair - - 2012
To define the causes of hypokalaemia in an unselected adult population. Retrospective survey of biochemistry database. District general hospital in southwest Scotland. There were 187,704 measurements of urea and electrolytes in 2010. Sixty-one patients had serum potassium <2.5 mmol/L on at least one occasion. Average age of the patients was ...
Cartwright Martina M - - 2012
Ketoacidotic syndromes are frequently encountered in acute care medicine. This article focuses on ketosis and ketoacidotic syndromes associated with intoxications, alcohol abuse, starvation, and certain dietary supplements as well as inborn errors of metabolism. Although all of these various processes are characterized by the accumulation of ketone bodies and metabolic ...
Carlson Richard W - - 2012
In susceptible patients, alcohol withdrawal syndrome (AWS) is often precipitated by other medical or surgical disorders, and AWS can adversely affect the course of these underlying conditions. Although the mortality rate of AWS has decreased over the past few decades, significant risk for morbidity and death remain if management is ...
Ni Lee-Fen - - 2013
This study had two purposes: (1) To explore the mediating effects of substance use-as indicated by alcohol consumption, cigarette smoking, and betel-nut chewing-on the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and metabolic syndrome; and (2) to examine the way gender moderates any mediating effects of substance use. Secondary analyses were conducted ...
Ballo Piercarlo - - 2012
We report the case of a woman with a history of chronic alcohol abuse who was hospitalized with diarrhea, severe hypokalemia refractory to potassium infusion, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, alternations of high blood pressure with phases of hypotension, irritability and increased urinary 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid and cortisol. Although carcinoid syndrome was ...
Kuzenko Anna - - 2012
Patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) have poor prognosis, and pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA) is considered the treatment of choice for this condition. We report a case and review the literature of successful PEA for CTEPH due to antiphospholipid syndrome associated with systemic lupus erythematosus. The definitive and decisive approach ...
Perli Daniel - - 2012
Nicolau syndrome-also known as Embolia Cutis Medicamentosa-is a rare complication of intramuscular and subcutaneous injections manifesting as necrosis of skin and the underlying tissues. The exact pathogenesis is uncertain. There are several hypotheses including direct damage to the end artery, cytotoxic effects of the implicated drug or additives in the ...
Sujay N K - - 2012
Prenatal alcohol exposure may have adverse effects on the developing foetus resulting in significant growth restriction, characteristic craniofacial features, and central nervous system dysfunction. The toxic effects of alcohol on the developing brain are well recognised. However, little is known about the effects of alcohol on the developing gastrointestinal tract ...
Miura Shuhei - - 2012
A 55-year-old Japanese female was diagnosed with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and developed nephrotic syndrome. She was diagnosed with lupus nephritis by a percutaneous renal biopsy. She was treated with intravenous steroid pulse therapy twice, but it proved to be ineffective. She achieved a complete remission after intravenous cyclophosphamide pulse ...
Grzywacz Anna - - 2012
We investigated the relationship between withdrawal syndrome symptoms and dopamine receptor 2 DRD2 gene polymorphisms-141 C I/D (rs1799732) exon 8 G/A (rs6276) and ANKK1 (Ankyrin Repeat and Kinase Domain Containing 1) gene polymorphism Taq1A (rs1800497). A total number of 213 patients who met the ICD 10 criteria for given phenotypes ...
Ito I - - 2011
We report on an 11-year-old girl who developed steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (NS) at the onset of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and clinical and renal histological findings suggested that her NS would be associated with SLE-related podocytopathy. Although initial treatment with intravenous pulse methylprednisolone was ineffective, following treatment with cyclosporine and ...
Khelifa Elhem - - 2011
Background  Overlap syndromes represent disorders that combine diagnostic criteria of two or more different connective tissue diseases. Methods  We herein describe the case of a 34-year-old patient. Results  Our patient developed a lesion on the scalp and forehead following Blaschko's line typical for linear morphea "en coup de sabre", while ...
Ortiz Gustavo A - - 2011
To describe a case of propylthiouracil-induced lupus, complicated with antiphospholipid syndrome and acute ischemic stroke. Case report. Academic medical center. Patient  A 27-year-old man with a diagnosis of Graves disease developed multiple ischemic strokes 2 weeks after starting treatment with propylthiouracil. Thyrotoxicosis and abnormal hypercoagulable and rheumatological profiles were remarkable, ...
Benz Robert L - - 2011
Immunoglobulin M (IgM) nephropathy is an uncommon glomerular disease characterized by IgM deposits in the mesangium. This case report describes a 52-year-old woman with a 10-year history of underlying systemic lupus erythematosus with minimal proteinuria who developed sudden onset of nephrotic syndrome. Renal biopsy revealed IgM nephropathy, with no clear ...
Hirakawa Eri - - 2011
A 16-year-old male with severe thrombocytopenia and progressive multiple organ infarctions was diagnosed as having catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome (CAPS) complicated with systemic lupus erythematosus, and was successfully treated with combination of anticoagulants, corticosteroids, plasma exchange, and intravenous cyclophosphamide. Antibodies to phosphatidylserine/prothrombin (PS/PT) complex and cardiolipin (CL)/β(2)-glycoprotein I (β(2)GPI) were simultaneously detected, ...
Chatzidaki Virginia - - 2011
We report a case of a 13-year-old female presenting with deep venous thrombosis in her left lower limb. Investigations led by her symptoms and history revealed persistently positive lupus anticoagulant and anticardiolipin antibodies, indicating the diagnosis of antiphospholipid syndrome. Double-stranded DNA antibodies were detected positive pointing to the coexistence of ...
Torchia Daniele - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The occurrence of erythema multiforme (EM)-like lesions in association with lupus erythematosus (LE) is often referred to as "Rowell syndrome" (RS). However, the existence of RS, or at least its nosographic independence from LE, is questioned. The association of Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS)/toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) with LE is also ...
de Jong Hilda J I - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Several case reports of lupus-like syndrome suggest that statins could have triggered the development of this rare autoimmune disease. However, data on the association between statin use and lupus-like syndrome are scarce. We assessed whether there was an association between statin use and the occurrence of lupus-like syndrome. METHODS: ...
Pakozdi Angela - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of systemic sclerosis (SSc) overlap syndrome and autoantibody profile in a large single-center cohort. METHODS: SSc diagnoses, subsets, and autoantibody profiles were obtained from clinical records of patients attending the Centre for Rheumatology, Royal Free Hospital, between September 1999 and February 2007. RESULTS: In total, ...
Hervier B - - 2011
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and small-sized vessel vasculitis are usually two distinguishable autoimmune diseases. However, a vasculitis may be found in the course SLE but rarely corresponds to an ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV). We report four cases of de novo SLE associated with AAV, our aim being to discuss the clinical ...
Taipa R - - 2011
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune disease characterized by recurrent thrombotic events, miscarriages and thrombocytopenia with persistently positive antiphospholipid antibodies.(1,2) APS may be isolated (primary APS) or associated to a connective tissue disease, most often systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).(1,2) APS usually affects young patients before the fifth decade(3) with stroke ...
Nakajima Kimiko - - 2011
One of identical twin girls was born with ulcers on her leg, and shortly after birth developed a flaccid blister on the leg. Subepidermal blister with vacuolar degeneration of basal cell layer and the heavy infiltration of mononuclear cells in the upper dermis were observed in the blister lesion. She ...
Watanabe Hideyuki - - 2011
Hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS) is an unusual disorder associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). A 64-year-old woman was admitted because of fever and urticarial vasculitis. Laboratory data revealed pancytopenia and immunological abnormalities, suggesting elevated disease activity. Prednisolone monotherapy failed to improve the pancytopenia despite the amelioration of other clinical findings. Because ...
Zhang J - - 2011
Intestinal pseudo-obstruction (IpsO) occurs in a small subgroup of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and has been under-recognized. The etiology and mechanisms are unclear. Herein, we report two cases. In case 1, IpsO occurred as the complication in a previously diagnosed SLE patient. In case 2, IpsO with an ...
Ramantani Georgia - - 2011
Aicardi-Goutières syndrome is an early-onset encephalopathy with a presumed immune pathogenesis caused by inherited defects in nucleic acid metabolism. The clinical picture resembles a congenital viral infection despite negative investigations for common viruses. In addition to leukoencephalopathy with calcifications of basal ganglia, patients show increased levels of the antiviral cytokine ...
Sung Myung Jun - - 2011
Anti-Ro autoantibody is associated with Sjögren's syndrome (SS), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and neonatal lupus syndrome (i.e., congenital complete heart block in newborns). Generally, the adult atrioventricular (AV) node is believed to be relatively resistant to the scarring effects of anti-Ro/anti-La autoantibodies. However, there have been some reports of adult ...
De Oliveira Marcio Augusto - - 2011
International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry 2011 Background.  Primary Sjögren syndrome is a rare autoimmune disease, especially in children, mainly affecting girls (77%), and usually diagnosed around 10 years of age. Diagnosis during childhood is difficult, especially because of the diversity of the clinical presentation and difficulty obtaining reliable history data, accounting ...
Pustilnik Sean - - 2011
Catatonia is a syndrome of physical and behavioral abnormalities that can result from psychiatric, neurological, or medical illness. Although systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is commonly known to cause neurological and psychiatric manifestations, it has only rarely been reported to cause the catatonic syndrome. In nearly all previously reported cases, the ...
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