Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 961
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Shafik Ahmed - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The etiology of irritable bowel syndrome is unknown. It presents with crampy abdominal pain associated with alternating constipation and diarrhea but with no anatomic abnormality on diagnostic testing. Because the condition is related to motility disturbance, the hypothesis that a disorder of the colonic electromyographic activity is ...
Halder S L S - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The health-related quality of life is impaired in patients with functional gastrointestinal disorders seen in referral centres. AIM: To determine whether the health-related quality of life is impaired in subjects with functional disorders in the community and whether any differences can be explained by psychological co-morbidity. METHODS: In a ...
Schwetz I - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Octreotide has been found to be beneficial in the treatment of chronic pain, although the mechanisms underlying its therapeutic effect are incompletely understood. AIMS: To assess the effect of octreotide on perceptual responses to rectal distension in irritable bowel syndrome patients and healthy controls at baseline and following the ...
Smout A J P M - - 2004
During a meeting in The Hague, The Netherlands, the IBiS Club evaluated the most important techniques that can be used in the investigation of irritable bowel syndrome, either in the context of scientific research or as a clinical diagnostic tool. In each of these, the relevance of findings made in ...
Slater Guy H - - 2004
The bowel-associated dermatosis-arthritis syndrome (BADAS), originally called the bowel bypass syndrome, and described after jejuno-ileal bypass, has subsequently been reported in association with inflammatory bowel disease and after gastric resection. BADAS has not been reported after biliopancreatic diversion (BPD). This case report describes a 47-year-old female who presented with recurrent ...
Brouard M C - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Bowel-associated dermatosis-arthritis syndrome denotes the occurrence of diarrhoea with arthritis and skin lesions related to bowel disease with or without bowel bypass. In this condition, the histological finding of cutaneous aseptic neutrophilic cell infiltrate is non-specific and common to a wide spectrum of neutrophilic dermatoses, including pyoderma gangrenosum. OBSERVATION: ...
Distrutti Eleonora - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Rectal compliance may influence rectal perception, but their functional implications remain incompletely understood. Our aim was to determine whether rectal function is related to bowel habit in the irritable bowel syndrome. METHODS: The responses to fixed tension rectal distension applied by means of a tensostat were compared among constipation-predominant ...
Namiduru M - - 2003
We report the case of a 14-year-old girl with Guillain-Barré syndrome associated with brucellosis due to Brucella melitensis. The diagnosis was established by the isolation of B. melitensis from her blood and by the determination of high levels of Brucella aglutinins in her sera and cerebrospinal fluid. A combination of ...
Pearse R M - - 2003
A 72-yr-old man presented with respiratory failure secondary to Guillain-Barré syndrome. Although the criteria for mechanical ventilation were satisfied, the absence of weakness of the bulbar muscles allowed the safe use of non-invasive ventilation for 2 weeks in this patient. Invasive ventilation and tracheostomy were avoided and the patient made ...
Lu C-L - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Irritable bowel syndrome is a common condition seen in Western countries. In Asia, however, it is less known and even less studied. AIM: To determine the prevalence and social impact of irritable bowel syndrome as well as the health-seeking behaviour of irritable bowel syndrome patients in Taiwan METHODS: Using ...
Molinero Marco R - - 2003
The objective of this study was to investigate the incidence of acute flaccid paralysis in the pediatric population of Honduras over an 11-year period, determine what percentage of acute flaccid paralysis was Guillain-Barré syndrome, and identify the epidemiologic features of Guillain-Barré syndrome. There were 546 childhood cases of acute flaccid ...
Goldman Armond S - - 2003
In 1921, when he was 39 years of age, Franklin Delano Roosevelt contracted an illness characterized by: fever; protracted symmetric, ascending paralysis; facial paralysis; bladder and bowel dysfunction; numbness; and dysaesthesia. The symptoms gradually resolved except for paralysis of the lower extremities. The diagnosis at the onset of the illness ...
Vembu Periasamy - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of severe Guillain-Barré syndrome in a 32-year old female patient diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia who was on chemotherapy. CLINICAL PRESENTATION AND INTERVENTION: The patient received chemotherapy including vincristine and steroids according to the Medical Research Council United Kingdom Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia-12 (MRC UKALL-12) protocol. ...
Lea R - - 2003
Both irritable bowel syndrome and endometriosis are common conditions, although symptomatic gastrointestinal endometriosis is extremely rare. We report the case of a patient initially thought to have irritable bowel syndrome, in whom the diagnosis of endometriosis only became clear following a laparotomy for small bowel obstruction. This case highlights the ...
Inadomi J M - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Although little mortality is associated with irritable bowel syndrome, curative therapy does not exist and thus the economic impact of this disorder may be considerable. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was performed. Studies were included if their focus was irritable bowel syndrome, and direct and/or productivity (indirect) ...
Nishino S - - 2003
CSF hypocretin-1 was measured in 28 Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), 12 Miller-Fisher syndrome, 12 chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP), and 48 control subjects. Seven GBS subjects had undetectably low hypocretin-1 levels (<100 pg/mL). Hypocretin-1 levels were moderately reduced in an additional 11 GBS, 5 Miller-Fisher syndrome, and 1 CIDP subject. Low ...
Patel Nilay - - 2004
Achieving adequate oral immunosuppression in a renal transplant patient who develops short bowel syndrome provides a significant challenge. We report a case where oral tacrolimus has been used to provide immunosuppression in an established renal transplant patient who developed short bowel syndrome secondary to mesenteric infarction. After reviewing the literature, ...
Donofrio Peter D - - 2003
Evaluation of peripheral neuropathy is a common reason for referral to a neurologist. Recent advances in immunology have identified an inflammatory component in many neuropathies and have led to treatment trials using agents that attenuate this response. This article reviews the clinical presentation and treatment of the most common subacute ...
Susuki Keiichiro - - 2003
A 37-year-old man developed an acute encephalitic condition after respiratory infection. His condition rapidly deteriorated, and he experienced ophthalmoplegia, tetraplegia, loss of brainstem reflexes and deep tendon reflexes, and deep coma. Electrophysiological evaluations indicated involvement of the peripheral nerve as well as the brainstem. Follow-up studies found acute progression of ...
Bradesi Sylvie - - 2003
Both irritable bowel syndrome and inflammatory bowel diseases share symptoms of altered bowel habits associated with abdominal pain or discomfort. Irritable bowel syndrome has been referred to as a functional bowel disorder, which is diagnosed by a characteristic cluster of symptoms in the absence of detectable structural abnormalities. Inflammatory bowel ...
Pritchard J - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Polymorphism of the gene encoding the cholesterol transport protein apolipoprotein E (APOE, gene; apoE, protein), known to be involved in axonal regeneration and remyelination, influences outcome after a variety of central nervous system disorders. Apolipoprotein E gene polymorphisms could affect recovery from Guillain-Barré syndrome. OBJECTIVE: To correlate APOE genotypes ...
Karaman Nuri - - 2003
BACKGROUND/AIMS: We planned to determine irritable bowel syndrome prevalence in our region with its distribution according to clinical characteristics of patients and the factors which are considered to be related with irritable bowel syndrome. METHODS: 998 of 1250 individuals (mean age 38.99+0.44) replied to our questionnaire including Rome II criteria. ...
Liu Gai-Fen - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To explore the risk factors for Guillain-Barre syndrome. METHODS: Case-control study design was used in 51 cases of Guillain-Barre syndrome, and 51 matched controls. All of the 51 cases in this study had been examined by electrophysiology. Serum IgG antibodies specific for C. jejuni were determined in all the ...
Kalantar J S - - 2003
BACKGROUND: We tested the hypothesis that subjects with relatives who suffered from abdominal pain or bowel dysfunction would be at an increased risk of more persistent irritable bowel syndrome. METHODS: A valid, self-report questionnaire was mailed to an age- and gender-stratified random sample of residents, aged 30-64 years, in Olmsted ...
Dilley A - - 2003
The efficacy of plasma exchange as a therapy for Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) suggests that humoral factors might contribute to the axonal conduction block responsible for the major symptoms of the disease. To explore this possibility, we have applied sera to rat spinal roots in vitro while monitoring axonal conduction. Neither ...
Shields Joan M - - 2003
Cyclospora cayetanensis is a sporulating parasitic protozoan that infects the upper small intestinal tract. It has been identified as both a food and waterborne pathogen endemic in many developing countries. It is an important agent of Traveller's Diarrohea in developed countries and was responsible for numerous foodborne outbreaks in the ...
Berrada Driss - - 2003
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is characterised by abnormalities in motility, sensation and perception. It is one of the most common conditions encountered in clinical practice, especially by gastroenterologists. Pharmacological treatment of IBS is aimed at the predominant symptom and recent advances in pathophysiology has opened the door to the development ...
Kiprov Dobri D - - 2003
One of the most common uses of therapeutic plasmapheresis is for the treatment of immunologically mediated polyneuropathies. This paper discusses the use of plasmapheresis in Guillain-Barré syndrome, chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy, polyneuropathies associated with paraproteins, lower motor neuron syndromes, and polyneuropathies associated with HIV. As the pathogenesis of immunologically mediated ...
Hungin A P S - - 2003
AIM: To determine the prevalence, symptom pattern and impact of the irritable bowel syndrome, across eight European countries, using a standardized methodology. METHODS: A community survey of 41 984 individuals was performed using quota sampling and random digit telephone dialing to identify those with diagnosed irritable bowel syndrome or those ...
Spanier Jennifer A - - 2003
The irritable bowel syndrome is a common disorder associated with a significant burden of illness, poor quality of life, high rates of absenteeism, and high health care utilization. Management can be difficult and treatment unrewarding; these facts have led physicians and patients toward alternative therapies. We explored a variety of ...
Simrén Magnus - - 2003
Irritable bowel syndrome is characterized by abdominal pain and/or discomfort related to an abnormal bowel habit. Irritable bowel syndrome is very common in society and treatment alternatives are scarce. This disorder may be viewed as a benign disorder from a strictly medical point of view, but in many patients there ...
Atalay A - - 2003
Lumbar intervertebral disc herniation is infrequently encountered in children and adolescents. Additional signs and symptoms such as postural deformities and abnormal gait accompany the classical findings of lumbar root irritation. These unusual signs have been described in the literature as "tight hamstrings syndrome". Waddling gait with flexed knees is considered ...
Martin Bradley C - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Patients with irritable bowel syndrome are frequent users of the health care system. DESIGN AND METHODS: This retrospective matched case-control study assessed the economic impact of irritable bowel syndrome on the Medicaid program by comparing the health care utilization and expenditures of Medicaid patients with irritable bowel syndrome in ...
- - 2003
SR 58611A [SR 58611], a highly selective agonist for atypical beta3-adrenoceptors, inhibits intestinal motility. This (phenylethanol) aminotetraline sympathomimetic was originated by Sanofi as a potential treatment for irritable bowel syndrome but is now in development for depression. SR 58611A is currently in phase III trials for depression in France. A ...
Simrén M - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Irritable bowel syndrome patients demonstrate colonic hypersensitivity after duodenal lipid infusion. AIM: To investigate the role of 5-hydroxytryptamine-3 (5-HT3) receptors in this sensory component of the gastrocolonic response in irritable bowel syndrome. METHODS: Fifteen female patients with diarrhoea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome completed a trial with the 5-HT3 receptor antagonist ...
Kilkens T O C - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Both central and peripheral serotonergic modulators are used in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome. The majority of patients with irritable bowel syndrome presenting to a gastroenterologist demonstrate affective dysregulation. Serotonin may play a regulatory role in both gastrointestinal motility and sensitivity, as well as in affective dysregulation, in ...
Onodera Masakazu - - 2002
We describe a patient with acute isolated bulbar palsy following enteritis. A 29-year-old man developed dysphagia and nasal voice without limb weakness, ataxia, or areflexia. High titres of serum anti-GT1a and anti-Campylobacter jejuni IgG antibodies were detected. He was treated with plasmapheresis, resulting in rapid clinical improvement. This case suggests ...
Hu W H C - - 2002
AIMS: To study the prevalence of dyspepsia and irritable bowel syndrome and the effects of co-existing anxiety and depression on health care utilization by a population survey in Chinese. METHODS: Ethnic Chinese households were invited to participate in a telephone survey using a validated bowel symptom questionnaire and the hospital ...
Sharshar T - - 2002
To investigate the role of MMP-9 in Guillain-Barré syndrome, the authors correlated electrophysiologic abnormalities and MMP-9 plasma levels in a series of 21 patients. MMP-9 plasma levels were higher in the demyelinating group than in the nondemyelinating group, and in patients with high CSF protein level. Increase of MMP-9 circulating ...
Viera Anthony J - - 2002
Irritable bowel syndrome is the most common functional disorder of the gastrointestinal tract and is frequently treated by family physicians. Despite patients' worries about the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome, it is a benign condition. The diagnosis should be made using standard criteria after red flags that may signify organic ...
Osaki Y - - 2002
We report a case of markedly asymmetric pharyngeal-cervical-brachial weakness. Acute progression of symptoms, albuminocytologic dissociation in cerebrospinal fluid, electrophysiologic evidence of demyelination and elevation of IgG anti-GT1 a antibody titer paralleled the clinical course, support the diagnosis of Guillain-Barré syndrome. Guillain-Barré syndrome should be considered in the differential diagnosis of ...
Colle Isabelle - - 2002
Guillain-Barré syndrome is characterized by acute paralysis and ascending neuropathy due to an inflammatory attack on the myelin of peripheral nerves. About 2/3 of patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome have an infection 1-3 weeks before the onset of the symptoms. Guillain-Barré syndrome has rarely been reported after solid organ transplantation (18 ...
Okuda Bungo - - 2002
A 21-year-old man developed rapid progression of tetraplegia, bulbar palsy, and respiratory paralysis after Campylobacterjejuni enteritis. Based on the diagnosis of Guillain-Barré syndrome, he received plasmapheresis and intravenous immunoglobulin. Serum anti-GT1a IgG antibody which lacked cross-reactivity with GQ1b was detected. Four months after the onset, the patient still had severe ...
Roca Bernardino - - 2002
The association of temporal arteritis and Guillain-Barré syndrome has rarely been reported. We describe a patient who sequentially suffered from both disorders. An 81-year-old woman presented with headache and loss of appetite. Analysis showed anemia and an erythrocyte sedimentation rate of 94 mm/hr. Temporal artery biopsy disclosed giant cell arteritis. ...
Thompson W G - - 2002
The efforts of clinical researchers, lay organizations and pharmaceutical companies have increased the public profile of irritable bowel syndrome and made it a respectable diagnosis. Diagnostic symptom criteria encourage a firm clinical diagnosis, which is the foundation of a logical management strategy. This begins with education. Reassurance that no structural ...
El-Serag H B - - 2002
AIM: To perform a systematic review of the literature with three objectives: (1) to compare the health related quality of life (HRQoL) of patients with irritable bowel syndrome with that of healthy controls; (2) to compare the HRQoL of irritable bowel syndrome patients to those with other diseases; and (3) ...
Tsang Raymond S W - - 2002
Campylobacter jejuni is recognized as the most common infectious agent associated with the development of Guillain-Barré syndrome. Available information on the complete genome sequence of C. jejuni NCTC 11168 has helped researchers to identify polysaccharide capsules as well as genetic mechanisms in the synthesis of ganglioside-like cell surface molecules in ...
Dias-Tosta Elza - - 2002
To know the impact of the Guillain Barré syndrome (GBS) in the population less than 15 years old, after the eradication of poliomyelitis. Data bank from the program of epidemiological surveillance of acute flaccid palsies (AFP) from the Fundação Nacional de Saúde were analyzed between 1990-1996. From 3619 notifications of ...
Kanbayashi Takashi - - 2002
It is reported that cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) hypocretin-1 (orexin-A) concentrations in patients with narcolepsy are significantly low. Human narcolepsy is also known to be closely associated with a specific human histocompatibility leukocyte antigen (HLA), suggesting that autoimmunity is involved in the pathophysiology of the disease. Thus, it is important to ...
Pavone P - - 2002
The case of a 13 year-old patient affected by Guillain-Barré syndrome developed after varicella zoster virus infection is reported. Cerebrospinal fluid examination and motor and sensory conduction velocity were consistent with GBS. Antibodies against gangliosides GM1 were present; it is likely that some of these may play an important role ...
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