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Outlaw William M - - 2006
Patients with functional dyspepsia and the irritable bowel syndrome are commonly seen in both primary care and gastroenterology subspecialty settings. Although functional dyspepsia and the irritable bowel syndrome can occur separately, recent research suggests that they often appear together as an overlap syndrome and thus may represent different portions of ...
Dickman Ram - - 2006
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) are very common disorders in the general population. Symptoms of IBS are commonly encountered in GERD patients, and symptoms of GERD are not uncommon in IBS patients. GERD patients consistently report lower abdominal symptoms, which may be part of the spectrum ...
Price Donald D - - 2006
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common gastrointestinal disorder seen by gastroenterologists. We discuss some recent evidence for potential neural mechanisms that could contribute to somatic and visceral hyperalgesia in IBS patients. The combination of research studies of human IBS patients and studies of rats with delayed rectal hypersensitivity after ...
Vejdani Reyhaneh - - 2006
Carmint contains total extracts of Melissa officinalis, Mentha spicata, and Coriandrum sativum, which have antispasmodic, carminative, and sedative effects. As abdominal pain/discomfort and bloating are commonly observed in patients with irritable bowel syndrome, we decided to evaluate the effectiveness of Carmint in relieving these symptoms in irritable bowel syndrome patients. ...
Whitehead W E - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Studies suggest that the positive predictive value of the Rome II criteria for diagnosing irritable bowel syndrome can be enhanced by excluding red flag symptoms suggestive of organic diseases. AIM: We assessed the utility of red flags for detecting organic diseases in patients diagnosed irritable bowel syndrome by their ...
Quigley E M M - - 2006
Irritable bowel syndrome affects approximately 10-15% of the European population, although prevalence rates vary depending on the classification used and the country surveyed. This may be due to differences in patterns of medical care and diagnosis of the condition. Up to 70% of individuals with irritable bowel syndrome may not ...
Tack J - - 2006
AIM: To investigate the efficacy and safety of renzapride, a potent 5-hydroxytryptamine type-4 receptor full agonist and 5-hydroxytryptamine type-3 receptor antagonist in patients with constipation-predominant irritable bowel syndrome. METHODS: In this dose-escalating pilot study, 17 patients with constipation-predominant irritable bowel syndrome received placebo, renzapride 2 mg o.d. and renzapride 2 ...
Williams R E - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Doctor visits for irritable bowel syndrome are associated with high medical costs. Predictors of medical consultation for irritable bowel syndrome remain poorly understood. AIM: To determine factors associated with healthcare seeking for irritable bowel syndrome. METHODS: Subjects from previous US population-based survey were contacted 2 years later. Those who ...
Sivadon-Tardy Valérie - - 2006
We studied 263 cases of Guillain-Barré syndrome from 1996 to 2001, 40% of which were associated with a known causative agent, mainly Campylobacter jejuni (22%) or cytomegalovirus (15%). The cases with no known agent (60%) peaked in winter, and half were preceded by respiratory infection, influenza-like syndrome, or gastrointestinal illness.
Shin In-Sook J - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Diverse neurologic syndromes have been described in association with tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) antagonist therapy for inflammatory arthritides and Crohn's disease. The objective of this study was to review the occurrence and clinical features of Guillain-Barré syndrome and its variant, the Miller Fisher syndrome, during TNFalpha antagonist therapy. ...
Zuckerman Marc J - - 2006
Prevalence estimates for irritable bowel syndrome from surveys in Western countries are 4.4% to 22%, generally higher in women than men, and only a minority seek health care. There are few studies of bowel patterns in Asian countries. We conducted a survey of a nonpatient population in Ho Chi Minh ...
Mawe G M - - 2006
Alterations in motility, secretion and visceral sensation are hallmarks of irritable bowel syndrome. As all of these aspects of gastrointestinal function involve serotonin signalling between enterochromaffin cells and sensory nerve fibres in the mucosal layer of the gut, potential alterations in mucosal serotonin signalling have been explored as a possible ...
Erzin Yusuf - - 2006
Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (HPS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder which is characterised by the triad of oculocutaneous albinism, platelet dysfunction and accumulation of ceroidlike pigment in tissues. Complications of the syndrome, such as fatal pulmonary fibrosis, renal failure and cardiomyopathy have been described. Granulomatous colitis has been documented in several ...
Jansson-Nettelbladt Evelyn - - 2006
The term "auto-brewery syndrome" has been frequently used to describe patients who show features of alcohol intoxication because of abnormal yeast proliferation after ingesting carbohydrate-rich meals. We present a case of a 3-y-old girl with short bowel syndrome (SBS) who demonstrated signs of alcohol intoxication on repeated occasions. A blood ...
Mangelli Lara - - 2006
The authors assessed the prevalence of Diagnostic Criteria for Psychosomatic Research (DCPR) clusters in a community sample and the association between these syndromes and psychosocial variables. A group of 347 consecutive subjects from the general population were administered the semistructured interview for DCPR and a self-rating scale (the Psychosocial Index). ...
Harris Lucinda A - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Irritable bowel syndrome refers to abdominal discomfort associated with altered bowel habits. Recent evidence suggests that the primary pathophysiologic mechanism is brain-gut dysregulation. Many central and peripheral factors are involved. This article will review important pathophysiologic mechanisms with a focus on new and emerging therapies. RECENT FINDINGS: ...
Stacher Georg - - 2006
We examined published reports from 1970 to the present to evaluate the theory that abnormal visceral sensitivity characterizes the irritable bowel syndrome. Evidence to support claims that abnormal visceral sensitivity defines the irritable bowel syndrome falls short because of cognitive deficits in gastrointestinal neurobiology, limitations in experimental design and execution, ...
Mathew R - - 2006
Critical Illness Polyneuropathy (CIP) represents an acute axonal neuropathy that develops during treatment of severely ill patients and remits spontaneously once the critical condition is under control. Except for differences in the predisposing causes, it is difficult to distinguish CIP from axonal Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS) on purely clinical grounds. We ...
Zoccali R - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Irritable bowel syndrome is commonly accepted as a disorder closely influenced by affective factors, which can either trigger the symptoms or contribute to their persistence, independently from their aetiology. It has been previously documented that irritable bowel syndrome patients respond to a variety of emotional states (anger, fear and ...
Hussain Z - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Complementary and alternative medical therapies and practices are widely employed in the treatment of the irritable bowel syndrome. AIM: To review the usage of complementary and alternative medicine in the irritable bowel syndrome, and to assess critically the basis and evidence for its use. METHODS: A systematic review of ...
Zuckerman Marc J - - 2006
Irritable bowel syndrome is a common clinical condition that often presents a therapeutic challenge. There is no standard therapy and a multilevel approach is recommended. A high-fiber diet is often one of these components. Many investigators have studied the effectiveness of either fiber supplementation or bulking agents in patients with ...
Wijdicks Eelco F M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive mechanical ventilation (BiPAP) has been introduced for use in neuromuscular respiratory disease such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and myasthenia gravis. There is no experience in Guillain-Barré syndrome. METHODS: We describe for the first time the use of BiPAP to assist in the work of breathing in two consecutive ...
Wang De-sheng - - 2006
There is no report on Bickerstaff's brainstem encephalitis (BBE) patients in China. We here report the first case of BBE in China. Clinical features, results of electromyography, electroencephalography (EEG), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) examination were studied to clarify the characteristics of this syndrome. A 44-year-old man ...
Sharma Vijay - - 2006
Bickerstaff's brain-stem encephalitis is usually a monophasic post-viral inflammatory illness characterized by progressive ophthalmoplegia, ataxia and disturbance of consciousness (or hyper-reflexia). Since the clinical spectrum of Bickerstaff encephalitis may overlap with the Miller-Fisher and Guillain-Barré syndromes, the presence of anti- GQ1b antibodies and abnormal brain MRI can help to support ...
Altman Gaylene - - 2006
Women with irritable bowel syndrome often report premenstrual distress syndrome and dysmenorrhea. A descriptive, four-group comparison design was used to compare the symptoms and psychological distress levels of women with irritable bowel syndrome (age 18-45 years) with and without dysmenorrhea and premenstrual distress syndrome. Data from three studies on women ...
Rafique Muhammad - - 2006
We report quadriparesis as a result of severe hypokalemia and acidosis in a 15-years-old young man who had undergone ureterosigmoidostomy for bladder extrophy 3 months earlier. The patient was initially mistakenly diagnosed to be a case of Guillain-Barre syndrome. On investigations acidosis and profound hypokalemia were present. Dramatic improvement occurred ...
Nasilowska-Adamska Barbara - - 2006
The Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) could be a manifestation of neurotoxicity caused by multiple factors due to allogeneic bone marrow transplantations (alloBMT). In this paper we present a case of a 40-year old woman with chronic myeloid leukemia after alloBMT from her HLA identical brother. She developed the second grade of ...
Palsson Olafur S - - 2006
The North Carolina protocol is a seven-session hypnosis-treatment approach for irritable bowel syndrome that is unique in that the entire course of treatment is designed for verbatim delivery. The protocol has been tested in two published research studies and found to benefit more than 80% of patients. This article describes ...
Saad Richard - - 2006
Tegaserod, a novel serotonin receptor agonist, has gained acceptance and widespread use for the treatment of women with irritable bowel syndrome and constipation. Development of this therapy evolved from the emerging role of serotonin in gastrointestinal motor, secretory and sensory functions. The efficacy and safety of tegaserod has been well ...
Turkel Susan Beckwitt - - 2006
Opsoclonus-myoclonus ataxia syndrome is a paraneoplastic syndrome of cerebellar damage associated with neuroblastoma. The authors assessed psychiatric symptoms of opsoclonus-myoclonus ataxia syndrome in 17 children, who were 16 months to 12(1/2) years of age. Psychiatric symptoms examined included disruptive behavior, affective dysregulation, irritability, impulsivity, cognitive impairment, and poor attention.
Williams R E - - 2006
BACKGROUND: As there is no biological marker for irritable bowel syndrome, a diagnosis is made using symptom-based criteria. AIM: To evaluate the stability of self-reported symptoms consistent with Rome II-based irritable bowel syndrome classification. METHODS: Irritable bowel syndrome subjects identified in a 2001 population-based study by modified Rome II criteria ...
Efstratiadis Georgios - - 2006
The case of a 65-year-old woman presenting with Guillain-Barré syndrome is herein reported. Tomographic investigation revealed abdominal and retroperitoneal fibromatosis. During her hospitalization, renal involvement ensued, and subsequent renal biopsy demonstrated findings of crescentic pauci-immune glomerulonephritis negative for ANCA antibodies and with characteristics indicative of necrotic angiitis. The simultaneous existence ...
Spiller Robin - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Irritable bowel syndrome patients form a heterogeneous group with a variable contribution of central and peripheral components. The peripheral component is prominent in irritable bowel syndrome developing after infection (post-infectious irritable bowel syndrome) and this has proved a profitable area of research. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies have ...
Rai Vandana Mehta - - 2006
A 46-year-old man with borderline lepromatous leprosy with type-2 reaction being treated with multi-bacilliary-multiple drug therapy and steroids presented with an acute onset of flaccid quadriparesis. A nerve conduction study and CSF analysis were similar to that seen in Guillain Barre syndrome. Muscle weakness improved considerably with an increased dose ...
Ephrem A - - 2005
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) has been used in the treatment of primary and secondary antibody deficiencies for over two decades. Since the early 1980s, the therapeutic efficacy of IVIg has been established in idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, Guillain-Barré syndrome, chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy, myasthenia gravis, dermatomyositis and Kawasaki syndrome, and the prevention ...
Whorwell P J - - 2005
Hypnosis is a technique by which an individual can gain a degree of control over physiological as well as psychological function. This paper reviews the history of the phenomenon as well as the accumulating evidence that it is effective in relieving the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome and improving the ...
Koga M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Haemophilus influenzae is considered a causative agent of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and Fisher syndrome, but the frequency of this infection in GBS is controversial. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether isolation of H influenzae indicates it is a causative agent in GBS and Fisher syndrome. RESULTS: Four (15%) of 27 patients ...
Andrews E B - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Irritable bowel syndrome is a common gastrointestinal disorder, and its prevalence and demographics have been evaluated by different methodologies with varying results. AIM: To evaluate irritable bowel syndrome demographic and prevalence characteristics utilizing a web-enabled panel. METHODS: From an existing 150 000-member panel, 31 829 individuals were randomly selected ...
Falk Jeremy A - - 2006
We report the case of a 58-year-old man with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who developed acute quadriparesis during the post-operative period following bilateral lung transplantation after receiving cyclosporine for immunosuppression. Electromyography with nerve conduction study and cerebrospinal fluid analysis supported a diagnosis of Guillain-Barré Syndrome, which improved upon the ...
Hughes Richard A C - - 2005
Guillain-Barré syndrome consists of at least four subtypes of acute peripheral neuropathy. Major advances have been made in understanding the mechanisms of some of the subtypes. The histological appearance of the acute inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (AIDP) subtype resembles experimental autoimmune neuritis, which is predominantly caused by T cells directed against ...
Verdu Elena F - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Few therapies are of proven efficacy in irritable bowel syndrome. Thus, there is great interest in the development of a natural therapy that can be both safe and effective. An understanding that probiotics are heterogeneous, with multiple targets and mechanisms of action, is fundamental to the development ...
Kalliomäki Marko A - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Irritable bowel syndrome is a common and likely a multifactorial gastrointestinal disorder in which a disturbed brain-gut axis has been thought to have a mandatory role. Recent clinical and experimental studies imply that dietary factors may be more important in the pathogenesis of irritable bowel syndrome than ...
Hobson-Webb Lisa D - - 2005
Inflammatory neuropathies are a diverse group of illnesses sharing the pathologic characteristic of inflammation surrounding nerve fibers. They may be autoimmune, granulomatous, infectious, paraneoplastic, or paraproteinemic in origin. All can result in significant morbidity and rarely, death. It is critical to correctly diagnose these illnesses, as many respond well to ...
Overell James R - - 2005
Miller Fisher syndrome is a localized variant of Guillain-Barré syndrome, characterized by ophthalmoplegia, areflexia and ataxia. Bickerstaff's brainstem encephalitis is a related syndrome in which upper motor neurone features accompany the classic triad. Anti-GQ1b antibodies are uniquely found in both conditions and are believed to be pathogenic. Infectious illnesses usually ...
Ekici A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: It has been speculated that asthma and irritable bowel syndrome may share common pathophysiological processes. AIM: To estimate the prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome in young and elderly patients with stable asthma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixty-five young (age < 60 years) and 66 elderly (age > or = 60 ...
Halpert Albena - - 2005
Irritable bowel syndrome is a biopsychosocial disorder that results from dysregulation of central and enteric nervous system function. It manifests as dysmotility and/or visceral hypersensitivity, and is modified by psychosocial processes. The interaction of the biopsychosocial factors determines the experience of the illness. An understanding of the biopsychosocial model of ...
Reilly M C - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Tegaserod is a promotility agent with proven efficacy and safety in patients with irritable bowel syndrome with constipation. AIM: To assess tegaserod's effect on work productivity and daily activity. METHODS: Women, 18-65 years old and meeting Rome II criteria for irritable bowel syndrome with constipation, were randomized to a ...
Finsterer J - - 2005
This review focuses on the actual status and recent advances in the treatment of immune-mediated neuropathies, including: Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) with its subtypes acute inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy, acute motor axonal neuropathy, acute motor and sensory axonal neuropathy, Miller Fisher syndrome, and acute pandysautonomia; chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) with its ...
Levine Jon D - - 2005
Fibromyalgia syndrome (FM) is a common, often debilitating and intractable, chronic, generalized pain condition. The development of effective therapies to treat FM has been hindered by a lack of understanding of fundamental mechanisms in the etiology of FM. In view of prominent characteristics that FM shares with other generalized pain ...
Halstead Susan K - - 2005
A large body of clinical and experimental data indicate that complement activation is an important mechanism for neuronal and glial injury in Guillain-Barré syndromes. Inhibition of complement activation therefore might be expected to limit the progression of the disease. Using in vitro and in vivo models of the Guillain-Barré syndrome ...
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