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González-Blanco Leticia - - 2013
Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) is a rare idiosyncratic reaction associated with the use of neuroleptics that has an incidence of 0.02 to 3% among patients taking these drugs. This is a very serious complication with a mortality rate that reaches 10-20%. It is therefore very important to have high clinical ...
Ko You-Kyung - - 2013
To examine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its risk factors in a large group of schizophrenic patients. Sociodemographic and treatment data were collected from medical records of 1,103 inpatients and outpatients treated for schizophrenia at Seoul National Hospital in Seoul, Korea. Anthropometric measurement and blood testing were conducted for ...
Ishioka Masamichi - - 2013
This case report describes a 54-year-old man with bipolar I disorder who was treated with aripiprazole (ARP) and lithium. The patient was admitted to our hospital because of aggravation of depressive symptoms, and treatment with lamotrigine (LTG) was initiated. Two weeks after admission, we discontinued administration of ARP after the ...
Ahmad A - - 2013
Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) is a rare but well described complication of the administration of antipsychotic agents. Compartment syndrome, with increased pressures within the confined space of fascial sheaths leading to compression damage of the contained tissue, similarly is well described. Brachial plexus injuries caused by patient malposition are also ...
Sharma Bhawna - - 2013
Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) is a severe, episodic, acute mucocutaneous reaction that is most often elicited by drugs and occasionally by infections. The drugs commonly implicated as the cause of SJS are anticonvulsants, sulfonamides, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and antibiotics. Carbamazepine (CBZ) has been commonly implicated in SJS. Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) ...
Weiss C - - 2013
The following case study describes a 22-year-old woman with depression and symptoms of psychosis who developed neuroleptic malignant syndrome after using Risperidone, thus requiring life support equipment and Bromocriptine, later recovering after seven days. From a psychiatric and neurological point of view, however, the persistence of catatonic syndrome and Cotard ...
Ramaekers Vincent - - 2012
Abstract We characterized cerebral folate deficiency (CFD) as any neuro-psychiatric condition associated with low spinal fluid (CSF) N5-methyltetrahydrofolate (MTHF) but normal folate status outside the central nervous system (CNS). The commonest cause underlying CFD syndromes is the presence of serum autoantibodies of the blocking type directed against folate receptor-α (FRα) ...
Ambulkar Reshma P - - 2012
We report the case of a 7-year-old girl operated for craniopharyngioma who developed hyperkalemic cardiac arrest in the post-operative period. She was diagnosed as Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) and the causative drug was carbamazepine. It was essentially a diagnosis of exclusion, and treatment was mainly supportive in form of withdrawal ...
Raml Nancy M - - 2012
Arteriovenous fistulas may be susceptible to steal syndrome from a variety of conditions. Steal syndrome is defined as arterial insufficiency distal to the arteriovenous fistula. The causality of the insufficiency may include arterial disease proximal or distal to the fistula, markedly high blood flow volume after creation, or undetected collateral ...
Harvey Edward J - - 2012
ABSTRACT:: Acute compartment syndrome (ACS) following trauma is often the result of increased size of the damaged tissues following acute crush injury or from reperfusion of ischemic areas. It usually is not solely caused by accumulation of free blood or fluid in the compartment, although that can contribute in some ...
Murakami Nobuya - - 2012
In patients with epilepsy associated with Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS), epileptogenesis has been suggested to be caused by chronic ischemia in cortical areas affected by leptomeningeal angiomatosis or by ischemia-related cortical malformations. However, this has not been fully verified electrophysiologically. We herein present two cases of SWS with medically intractable epilepsy ...
Jacob Jason C - - 2012
Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a syndrome characterized in babies by small birth weight, hypogonadism, flaccid muscle tone, and skeletal abnormalities, and in older children by intense food cravings leading to morbid obesity, hypoxemia, and right heart failure. To our knowledge, PWS has not been associated with coronary artery dissection. We ...
Giricz Zoltan - - 2012
Autophagy is a housekeeping process that helps to maintain cellular energy homeostasis and remove damaged organelles. In the heart, autophagy is an adaptive process that is activated in response to stress including acute and chronic ischemia. Given the evidence that autophagy is suppressed in energy-rich conditions, the objective of this ...
Spruijt Marjolijn - - 2012
: To estimate the incidence and risk factors for cerebral lesions in monochorionic twins with twin-twin transfusion syndrome treated with fetoscopic laser surgery compared with dichorionic twins. : We performed a case-control study on cerebral injury detected by postnatal cranial ultrasonography in monochorionic twin neonates with twin-twin transfusion syndrome treated ...
Chen Shanwen - - 2012
Nutcracker syndrome results from compression of the left renal vein between the superior mesenteric artery and the aorta, leading to symptoms of hematuria and left flank pain. Management options include endovascular or laparoscopic extravascular stent placement, which is very appealing given the minimally invasive nature of these procedures. We report ...
Subasinghe Nalin L - - 2012
Complement C1s protease inhibitors have potential utility in the treatment of diseases associated with activation of the classical complement pathway such as humorally mediated graft rejection, ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI), vascular leak syndrome, and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The utility of biphenylsulfonyl-thiophene-carboxamidine small-molecule C1s inhibitors are limited by their poor ...
Thakur Nikhil A - - 2012
The true incidence and primary predictors of foot compartment syndrome remain controversial. Our aim was to better define the overall incidence of foot compartment syndrome in relation to the frequency and location of various foot injuries. We hypothesized that (1) the incidence would increase in proportion to the number of ...
Pieber Karin - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The increasing popularity of climbing activities is associated with a rise in the number of respective injuries and overuse syndromes. However, a comprehensive scrutiny of the incidence, kind and severity of climbing-related ailments in Austria is so far outstanding. We aimed to evaluate injuries and overuse syndromes in sport ...
Hoggett Kerry - - 2012
Ecstasy or 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine is a commonly used illicit recreational drug, enjoying popularity for its stimulant effects. Although acute coronary syndrome is recognized after cocaine and methamphetamine use, association with Ecstasy use has rarely been reported. We report three cases of significantly delayed acute coronary syndrome and ST elevation myocardial infarction ...
Ozel Alper - - 2012
The compression of the proximal part of the celiac trunk by median arcuate ligament of the diaphragm during expiration is defined as median arcuate ligament syndrome. It is a rare cause of chronic mesenteric ischemia. We report two cases with this syndrome, primarily diagnosed by Doppler ultrasound. The diagnosis was ...
Gil Martín A R - - 2012
Iliac vein compression syndrome (also known as May-Thurner syndrome or Cockett's syndrome) is a rare clinical entity in which the left common iliac vein is compressed when it passes between the right common iliac artery and the spine. The sustained compression and trauma caused by the pulsatile force of the ...
Sciarretta Sebastiano - - 2012
The molecular mechanism regulating the cardiomyocyte response to energy stress has been a hot topic in cardiac research in recent years, since this mechanism could be targeted for treatment of patients with ischemic heart disease. We have shown recently that the activity of RAS homolog enriched in brain (RHEB), a ...
Mohindra Sandeep - - 2012
A case of closed head trauma, harbouring bitemporal hemianopsia is presented. The MRI evaluation describes chiasmal contusion as the cause behind visual deficits. Chiasmal injury may occur even in the absence bony chip impingement and features of hypo-pituitarism. Such a situation warrants MRI evaluation of optic pathways.
Luo Xiao-Li - - 2012
Various anatomic anomalies have been considered the causes of nutcracker syndrome (NCS). Posterior NCS refers to the condition, in which vascular narrowing was secondary to the compression of the retroaortic left renal vein while it is crossing between the aorta and the vertebral column. Here, we report an unusual case ...
Paidakakos Nikolaos A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To present a very rare case of a post-traumatic midbrain lesion producing a debilitating constellation of symptoms identified as Benedikt's syndrome. METHODS: A 20-year old woman with traumatic brain injury, presented with ipsilateral internal and external opthalmoplegia, and controlateral hemiataxia, proprioception disturbances, hypertonicity, slight hemiparesis, and hyperactive tendon reflexes. ...
John Cynthia Cindi A - - 2012
Central neurogenic diabetes insipidus, syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone, and cerebral salt-wasting syndrome are secondary events that affect patients with traumatic brain injury. All 3 syndromes affect both sodium and water balance; however, they have differences in pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment. Differentiating between hypernatremia (central neurogenic diabetes insipidus) ...
Tsujimoto Hironori - - 2012
The median arcuate ligament syndrome is an unusual disease associated with postprandial epigastric pain, and the optimal treatment of this syndrome remains to be established. A 52-year-old woman manifested in our hospital postprandial epigastric pain, and extrinsic compression of the celiac trunk revealed by an abdominal computed tomography. After the ...
Burad Jyoti - - 2012
Pneumonia due to H1N1 infection is now very common. We report a case of ischemic stroke which arose subsequently to H1N1 influenza. The patient was a female who developed acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) after H1N1 influenza, was ventilated as per standard protocol and started treatment with oseltamivir. When sedation ...
Bhat Manzoor A - - 2012
Sheehan's syndrome occurs as a result of ischemic pituitary necrosis secondary to severe postpartum bleeding. It is one of the most common causes of hypopituitarism, characterized by variable clinical presentation. Acute kidney injury occurs rarely in Sheehan's syndrome and most of the cases have been found to be precipitated by ...
Kazato Yuko - - 2012
We described a 7-year-old girl with reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome associated with brain parenchymal hemorrhage. She initially presented with high fever and pancytopenia, leading to a diagnosis of most severe type aplastic anemia. We treated her with cyclosporine, methylprednisolone and anti-thymocyte globulin. Thereafter she recurrently complained of a very severe ...
Suzuki Makoto - - 2012
From the onset to the healing stage of acute coronary syndromes, an endless inflammation has been presented with complex, multiple cross-talk mechanisms at the molecular, cellular, and organ levels. Even though the early reperfusion treatment either by thrombolysis or percutaneous coronary intervention provides the excellent clinical benefits in patients with ...
Le Scheherazade - - 2012
Background and importanceIt is not uncommon that endovascular balloon test occlusion (BTO) is performed to assess collateral blood flow and risk of injury of permanent occlusion of the internal carotid artery (ICA). This case is the first reported of detection and reversal of the inferolateral trunk (ILT) syndrome in an ...
Braun Charles N - - 2012
Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome is characterized by the prolonged but reversible constriction of cerebral arteries accompanied by a sudden onset of severe headache, and is sometimes complicated by subarachnoid hemorrhage or cerebral infarction. It is associated with various clinical conditions and treatments, although the precise pathophysiology is not understood. In ...
Borelli Paolo - - 2012
Cerebrovascular accidents are not rare during pregnancy and the postpartum period. Pre-eclampsia is a common condition that is characterized by proteinuria and de novo hypertension that may be complicated by hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet count (HELLP) syndrome. Spontaneous cervical artery dissection has been rarely reported in the ...
Jaworska-Wilczynska Maria - - 2012
A 58-year-old man had undergone 2-vessel off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB), 1 month before he was admitted into the hospital with cardiac tamponade due to pericarditis. Postcardiac injury syndrome (PCIS) was diagnosed. In spite of receiving anti-inflammatory treatment, the patient developed relapsing PCIS.
Lee Kwang Lae - - 2012
Cyclic vomiting syndrome is characterized by recurrent episodes of stereotyped vomiting separated by regular symptom-free periods. We describe a case of cyclic vomiting syndrome developed after stroke, which has not been reported to date. A 69-year-old woman experienced recurrent vomiting following left cerebral infarct. The patient's vomiting pattern was consistent ...
Yoshioka Seiichiro - - 2012
Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) is a rare disorder characterized by acute onset, severe headache, with reversible vasoconstriction of cerebral arteries often accompanied by additional neurological symptoms. This syndrome is seen mainly in middle-aged adults, predominantly women. Herein, we report on a pediatric case of RCVS with cortical subarachnoid hemorrhage ...
Micheli Sara - - 2012
Small-vessel disease is the accepted most frequent cause of lacunar stroke. The main clinical features seen with lacunar infarcts are motor and/or sensitive deficit, ataxic sign, without cortical involvement. A lacunar syndrome is generally the result of a small deep infarct within the territory of a single perforating artery with ...
Palmerini Francesco - - 2012
Stroke is the leading cause of acquired motor disability in the adult. Neuropsychological sequelae are common after vascular brain injury. While left cortical signs and symptoms are clearly evident at neurological examination, right hemispheric dysfunction must be carefully pursued and sometimes can be underrecognized. Indeed, patients with right hemispheric strokes ...
Ageno Walter - - 2012
Venous ischemic syndromes represent a rare type of cerebrovascular disease that more commonly affects young women. Because of the remarkable variability of clinical presentations and neuroimaging signs, these syndromes represent an important clinical challenge. The most common clinical presentations include headache, seizures, focal neurological deficits, altered consciousness, and papilledema, which ...
Ikeda Kazuo - - 2012
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome Type IV, the vascular type, is a rare hereditary condition. Major arteries are often affected in this type. In this paper, we present the first case report in the world in which forearm compartment syndrome caused by the bilateral ulnar artery rupture in this type. Successful treatment such ...
Terranova Santo - - 2012
Certain Acute Clinical presentations are highly suggestive of stroke caused by specific mechanisms. One example of this would be the sudden onset of aphasia without hemiparesis often reflecting cerebral embolism, frequently from a cardiac source. Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) describes a usually reversible neurologic syndrome with a variety of ...
Quartuccio Luca - - 2012
Benign angiopathy of the central nervous system is a clinical syndrome with evidence of reversible cerebral vasoconstriction (RCVS). Haemorrhagic stroke, either subarachnoid or intracerebral is an unusual presentation of RCVS. We describe a case of RCVS presenting with a subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH), with rebleeding and onset of hydrocephalus during the ...
Nisijima Koichi - - 2012
Neuroleptic malignant syndrome is an uncommon but dangerous complication of antipsychotic drugs, characterized by clinical symptoms that include hyperthermia, severe muscle rigidity, autonomic dysfunction, and altered mental state. Serum creatine kinase (CK) elevation occurs in over 90% of cases. Many diagnostic criteria sets for neuroleptic malignant syndrome have been proposed, ...
Park Sun-Mi - - 2012
Thromboembolism is one of the most critical complications of hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES). We report here a case of multi-organ infarctions related to HES. A 23-year-old woman was referred to our hospital with hemoptysis. Not only pulmonary, but also renal and splenic infarctions were detected on computed tomography images. Blood tests ...
Kaluzny A - - 2012
Large cell calcifying sertoli cell tumor (LCCSCT) is an exceptionally rare neoplasm originating from sperm cord cells. The tumors have relatively low malignant potential and unlikely proceed to metastasis formation. The lesions may occur in an isolated form or in ca. 40% of cases may be associated with genetic abnormalities, ...
Okano Hiroshi - - 2011
A 57-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with characteristic aging of the face and thin body. Before admission, she had been treated for diabetes mellitus type 2 and had undergone amputation of the right leg due to ischemic disease. Abdominal computed tomography revealed primary liver tumor. Biopsy of the ...
Han Kyeong-Jin - - 2011
The authors describe two cases of subacromial impingement syndrome of the shoulder secondary to scapular dyskinesia caused by a tumor in young adults. The two tumors, an osteochondroma and a ganglion, were located in the scapulothoracic joint and inhibited normal kinesis of the scapula during arm motion.
Tsuji Ryozo - - 2011
Pyrethroids show moderate acute oral toxicity in rodents, and their typical toxicological signs are tremors (T syndrome) for Type I (generally non-cyano pyrethroids) and choreoathetosis with salivation (CS syndrome) for Type II (generally α-cyano pyrethroids). However, some pyrethroids show mixed clinical signs. Mainly Type II pyrethroids cause paresthesia, which is ...
Krenova Zdenka - - 2011
The blueberry muffin baby syndrome can be caused by a variety of entities, both neoplastic and nonneoplastic. We present a rare cause of this syndrome: congenital extraosseal Ewing sarcoma. The patient was a blueberry muffin baby with a retroperitoneal tumor, whose cells were negative for neuronal markers and CD-99 immunohistochemically ...
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