Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 329
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 >
Borlot Felippe F From the Instituto da Criança (F.B., C.A.K.), Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo (HC FMUSP) (F.B., C.A.K., P.R.A., A.C.C.C.), - - 2014
Morquio A syndrome (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man #253000) is a lysosomal storage disease caused by deficiency of N-acetylgalactosamine-6-sulfatase encoded by the GALNS gene. Key clinical features are skeletal dysplasia and short stature.
Xu Aibin A Departments of Cardiology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, People's Republic of China; Institute of Cardiovascular Disease, General Hospital of Beijing Command, PLA, Beijing, People's Republic of - - 2014
Metabolic syndrome is a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, and increased cardiomyocyte apoptosis which contributes to cardiac dysfunction after myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/R) injury. Nur77, a nuclear orphan receptor, is involved in such various cellular events as apoptosis, proliferation, and glucose and lipid metabolism in several cell types. Apoptosis is ...
Gauthé Mathieu M Institut Curie, Department of Nuclear Medicine, 35rueDailly, F-92210, Saint-Cloud, - - 2014
Sinusoidal Obstruction Syndrome (SOS) is a potentially fatal liver injury that mainly occurs after myeloablative chemotherapy. We report two cases of SOS investigated by 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography and treated with defibrotide. (Hepatology 2014;).
Sharpless Brian A BA Department of Psychology, Washington State University, 364 Johnson Tower, Pullman, WA 99163, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Exploding head syndrome is characterized by the perception of abrupt, loud noises when going to sleep or waking up. They are usually painless, but associated with fear and distress. In spite of the fact that its characteristic symptomatology was first described approximately 150 y ago, exploding head syndrome has received relatively ...
Murata Yasuaki Y Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
A few reports have addressed tethered cord syndrome. Detethering surgery has been performed in these cases because abnormal tension on the spinal cord causes neurological and urological symptoms.  To discuss the surgical treatment of tethered cord syndrome with the belief that the tension on the cord can be decreased by ...
Ye Bei B Department of Gastroenterology, Taizhou Municipal Hospital, Taizhou, Zhejiang, - - 2014
We report a case of a patient with a delayed large intrahepatic hematoma and transient decline in hemoglobin to 62 g/L 18 days after liver injury. Abdominal computed tomography revealed seriously flattening of inferior vena cava, which was consistent with compression by the enlarging hematoma. Although traditionally there was no ...
Cuff Patricia P From the Institute of Medicine (P.C.), Washington, DC; University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing (A.M.), Philadelphia; and George Washington University and the Association of American Medical Colleges (J.C.), Washington, - - 2014
Since 2009, a mysterious neurologic condition has afflicted thousands of northern Ugandan school children. This fatal disorder-known as nodding disease-leaves its victims stunted, mentally incapacitated, and often severely scarred or burned due to unexpected falls from epileptic-like seizures.(1,2) The syndrome is characterized initially by cognitive impairments followed by frequent head-nodding ...
Kauther Max Daniel MD Department of Trauma Surgery, University of Duisburg-Essen, Hufelandstraße 55, 45147, Essen, Germany, - - 2014
Wheel gymnastics is a gymnastic discipline with a history of nearly 100 years. So far, there have been no epidemiological studies on injuries in wheel gymnastics. The retrospective study of wheel gymnasts surveyed 151 "professionals" competing in the first national league and 352 "amateurs" by questionnaire. 4,898 injuries and 714 overuse ...
Wardi Gabriel G Department of Emergency Medicine, UC San Diego Health System, San Diego, - - 2014
Thigh compartment syndrome is a rare and devastating process. It generally occurs within hours to days of a traumatic event, although cases have been reported nearly 2 weeks after the initial event. To evaluate the literature describing the timing between inciting event and presentation of thigh compartment syndromes, with a ...
Tian Xuefei - - 2014
Podocytes are specialized actin-rich epithelial cells that line the kidney glomerular filtration barrier. The interface between the podocyte and the glomerular basement membrane requires integrins, and defects in either α3 or β1 integrin, or the α3β1 ligand laminin result in nephrotic syndrome in murine models. The large cytoskeletal protein talin1 ...
Gill James R JR State of Connecticut, Office of the Chief Medical Examiner, 11 Shuttle Rd, Farmington, CT, 06032, USA, - - 2014
The excited delirium syndrome (EDS) is a life-threatening condition caused by a variety of factors including drug intoxication and psychiatric illness. Fatal instances of excited delirium frequently come to the attention of the medical examiner/coroner due to the circumstances and potential causes. Excited delirium may include paranoid, aggressive, and incoherent ...
Pintado M C MC Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos, Hospital Universitario Príncipe de Asturias, Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
Current treatment of acute respiratory distress syndrome is based on ventilatory support with a lung protective strategy, avoiding the development of iatrogenic injury, including ventilator-induced lung injury. One of the mechanisms underlying such injury is atelectrauma, and positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) is advocated in order to avoid it. The indicated ...
Noris Marina M IRCCS-Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri, Clinical Research Centre for Rare Diseases "Aldo e Cele Daccò", via Camozzi 3, 24020 Ranica, Bergamo, - - 2014
Haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS) is characterized by nonimmune haemolytic anaemia, thrombocytopenia and renal impairment-most incidents in childhood are caused by shiga toxin-producing bacteria. Atypical HUS (aHUS) accounts for 10% of cases and has a poor prognosis. About 60% of patients with aHUS have dysregulation of the alternative complement pathway (complement-mediated ...
Xu Lingjie L Department of Emergency Medicine, Peking Union Medical Collage Hospital, Peking Union Medical Collage , Beijing , China - - 2014
Abstract Paraquat is an organic heterocyclic herbicide that is widely used in agriculture, especially in Asian countries. The prevalence of paraquat poisonings has increased dramatically in the past two decades in China. Nearly all paraquat poisonings resulted from intentional or accidental oral administration leading to acute lung injury and, ultimately, ...
Wu Jun-Biao JB Department of Pharmacology, College of Chinese Materia Medica, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, PR - - 2014
Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is a clinical syndrome with a variety of causes, mainly characterized by heavy proteinuria. Podocyte injury plays a key role in proteinuria, one of the principal means for the control of NS is to prevent podocyte injury. Qi-Dan Fang consists of two of the most extensively applied ...
Sutamtewagul Grerk G Department of Internal Medicine, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, TX, - - 2014
"Bath salts" is a well known street drug which can cause several cardiovascular and neuropsychiatric symptoms. However, only one case of acute kidney injury has been reported in the literature. We present a case with sympathomimetic syndrome, choreoathetosis, gustatory and olfactory hallucinations, and acute kidney injury following the use of ...
Pavan Malleshappa M Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Adichunchanagiri Institute of Medical Sciences, B G Nagara, Karnataka, India. - - 2014
Introduction. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of acute renocardiac syndrome (cardiorenal syndrome type 3) and its outcome in a suburban population in India. Materials and Methods. In an observational study, 100 patients admitted with acute kidney injury were evaluated. Results. Acute renocardiac syndrome was documented ...
Engelhardt Eliasz E Instituto de Neurologia Deolindo Couto, Centro para Doença de Alzheimer, Instituto de Psiquiatria, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de JaneiroRJ, - - 2014
Brown-Séquard, a remarkable medical personality of the 19 th century, was born in a small island of the Indian Ocean. He travelled over the world exerting his skills: a successful physician, and an innovative researcher, with a very ample range of interests. His favored subject was the nervous system. The ...
Aparecida da Silva Crislaine C Pathology Laboratory, Nephropathology Service, Federal University of Triângulo Mineiro, 38015-150 Uberaba, MG, - - 2014
Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is a glomerulopathy associated with nephrotic syndrome and podocyte injury. FSGS occurs both in children and adults and it is considered the main idiopathic nephrotic syndrome nowadays. It is extremely difficult to establish a morphological diagnosis, since some biopsies lack a considerable quantifiable number of sclerotic ...
Davis Matthew C - - 2014
In this editorial, the value of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in the management of chronic post-concussive syndrome following mild traumatic brain injury is discussed.
Naeini Alireza E AE Infectious and Tropical Diseases Department, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) is a rare syndrome affecting tissues containing melanocytes. The possibility of its autoimmune pathogenesis is supported by high frequent HLA-DR4 presentation, commonly associated with other autoimmune diseases. Eyes are the main affected organs, resulting in blindness. Brain disease is a late-onset event, and is extremely rare. Here, we ...
Kapoor D - - 2013
Paroxysmal autonomic instability with dystonia (PAID) appears to be a unique syndrome following brain injury that can echo many life-threatening conditions, making its early recognition and management a challenge for intensivists. A delay in early recognition and subsequent management may result in increased morbidity that is but preventable in affected ...
Tator Charles H - - 2013
It is now recognised that there is a spectrum of concussion disorders ranging from acute concussion at one end to various forms of brain degeneration at the other end. The spectrum includes acute concussion, second impact syndrome or acute cerebral swelling, postconcussion syndrome, depression or anxiety, chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) ...
Jing Xiao-Bin XB Department of Ophthalmology, Tangshan Ophthalmology Hospital, Tangshan, Hebei 063000, P.R. - - 2014
The present study reports the case of a 33-year-old male who presented with Terson syndrome with no cerebral hemorrhage secondary to traumatic brain injury (TBI). A computed tomography scan of the patient, who had sustained an impact injury to the right occipital region, showed no cerebral lesion. Ophthalmoscopy clearly demonstrated ...
Jewett Jess - - 2013
Eagle syndrome is a rare condition characterized by an elongated styloid process that occasionally irritates or disrupts adjacent anatomical structures. Although this is well known in the literature, it is rarely on the forefront of the clinician's mind. In the trauma patient, awareness of Eagle syndrome and knowledge of the ...
Genthon Alissa - - 2013
Crush trauma to the extremities, even if not involving vital organs, can be life threatening. Crush syndrome, the systemic manifestation of the breakdown of muscle cells with release of contents into the circulation, leads to metabolic derangement and acute kidney injury. Although common in disaster scenarios, emergency physicians also see ...
Grandizio Louis C - - 2013
Distal biceps brachii tendon rupture is an uncommon injury. Compartment syndrome of the upper arm is rarely described in the literature. The diagnosis of upper arm compartment syndrome requires a high index of suspicion, and emergent surgical treatment with fasciotomy in the acute setting is necessary to avoid devastating neurovascular ...
Yin Hua-Wei - - 2013
Ulnar impaction syndrome generally occurs with positive ulnar variance. The solution to the problem is to unload the ulnocarpal joint. Effective surgical options include diaphyseal ulnar shortening osteotomy, open wafer osteotomy, and arthroscopic wafer osteotomy. Recently, Slade and Gillon described an open procedure of ulnar shortening in the osteochondral region ...
Kim Chul Han - - 2013
The author reports a rare case of Horner syndrome in a patient who resulted from stenosis of the vertebral artery after blunt trauma. A 31-year-old man was transferred to our department for evaluation of left medial orbital wall and nasal bone fractures. Five days ago, he was hospitalized due to ...
Rheinboldt Matt - - 2013
Terson syndrome, the presence of intraocular hemorrhage in the setting of acutely elevated intracranial pressure, was historically described in conjunction with acute subarachnoid hemorrhage; however, more recently, it has been associated with a gamut of intracranial pathophysiology ranging from blunt or penetrating injury to neurosurgical procedures. We describe two cases ...
Dornbos David D - - 2013
The association between Klippel-Feil syndrome and vertebral artery dissection is quite rare. We report an adult patient with vertebral artery dissection and Klippel-Feil syndrome, to our knowledge only the third reported case of its kind. A 45-year-old woman with a known history of Klippel-Feil syndrome presented with occipital head and ...
Akilesh Shreeram S Department of Pathology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195. Electronic address: - - 2013
Lymphoplasmacytic neoplasms cause a wide range of injuries to the kidney exemplified by light chain cast nephropathy and amyloidosis. Filtered paraproteins can also accumulate within kidney cells and cause direct cytotoxic injury. Rarely, paraproteins that are resistant to proteolysis can crystallize within proximal tubules and cause acute tubular injury. In ...
Guner Sukriye Ilkay - - 2014
To perform a descriptive analysis of crush syndrome patients with extremity injuries, which will be used as a reference for future disasters. In disasters like earthquake, cooperation among medical workers is very important for the follow-up and treatment of patients. Knowing the complications that may emerge with the crush syndrome ...
Nagaoka Yoshinobu - - 2013
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) has been thought to be a benign disease, but recently severe cases have been reported with increasing recognition. A 3-year-old girl with congenital nephrotic syndrome had rapidly progressed to coma. Computed tomography (CT) of the head showed striking swelling of the brainstem and transtentorial herniation. ...
Karaca P P Service d'endocrinologie, Maladies métaboliques et nutrition, CHU d'Amiens, place Victor-Pauchet, 80054 Amiens, France. Electronic address: - - 2013
Because of antidiuretic hormone (ADH) disorder on production or function we can observe dysnatremia. In the absence of production by posterior pituitary, central diabetes insipidus (DI) occurs with hypernatremia. There are hereditary autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive or X- linked forms. When ADH is secreted but there is an alteration on ...
Emohare Osa O Center for Spine and Spinal Cord Injury, Regions Hospital, St. Paul, Minnesota, United States ; Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United - - 2013
Study Design Case report. Clinical Question The clinical aim is to report on a previously unknown association between guidewire-assisted pedicle screw insertion and neuropraxia of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN), and how this may overlap with the signs of Tapia syndrome; we also report our approach to the clinical management of this ...
Keltz Eran E The Meir Medical Center, Orthopedics Department, Kfar Saba, - - 2013
Rhabdomyolysis, literally meaning the breakdown of muscle tissue, is a common syndrome with many causes, acquired ones such as exertion, trauma, infections, temperature extremes, drugs, toxins, electrolyte and endocrine abnormalities, and congenital ones such as myopathies and connective tissue disorders. All results in a common pathophysiologic pathway which ends with ...
Pajak Michal - - 2013
Vascular type of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome involves many severe complications leading not only to organ-specific symptoms but often ends in a sudden death. The aim of this paper was to present a diagnostic possibilities and its efficiency rate in patients with vascular complications of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome who suffered from artery dissection ...
Floranda Eric E - - 2013
Nerve entrapment syndromes in the upper extremity are being recognized with increasing frequency. Prompt and correct diagnosis of these injuries is important. This article is a review of the common entrapment nerve injuries seen in the upper extremity. Each of these clinical syndromes is discussed independently, reviewing the anatomy, compression ...
Alleman Anthony M AM Department of Radiological Sciences, The University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Osmotic demyelination syndrome (ODS) refers to central pontine myelinolysis and extrapontine myelinolysis. These disorders are characterized by insults to regions of the brain with anatomical features predisposing white matter tracts to myelin injury in the setting of osmotic disturbances and their attempted correction. Occurring independently or in combination, central pontine ...
Ishihara Masahiro - - 2013
Bobble-head doll syndrome is a rare and surgically treatable movement disorder characterized by up-and-down (yes-yes) head bobbing occurring at a rate of 2-3 Hz. Side-to-side (no-no) head bobbing is less frequently described. Bobble-head doll syndrome is usually associated with dilation of the third ventricle, but is rarely associated with posterior fossa ...
Danjuma Mohammed I - - 2013
BackgroundThe potential for tenofovir to cause a range of kidney syndromes has been established from mechanistic and randomised clinical trials. However, the exact pattern of kidney involvement is still uncertain.Patients and methodsWe undertook a descriptive analysis of Yellow Card records of 407 HIV-positive persons taking tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) as ...
Leven Dante - - 2013
Brown-Séquard syndrome is characterized by a hemisection of the spinal cord most commonly after spinal trauma or neoplastic disease. The injury causes ipsilateral hemiplegia and proprioceptive sensory disturbances with contralateral loss of pain and temperature sensation. Patients with Brown-Séquard syndrome have the best prognosis of all spinal cord injury patterns. ...
Cortina Josep J Department Orthopedic Surgery, Hospital Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Foot compartment syndrome is a serious potential complication of foot crush injury, fractures, surgery, and vascular injury. An acute compartment syndrome isolated to the medial compartment of the foot after suffering an ankle sprain is a rare complication. We report the case of a 31-year-old man who developed a medial ...
Hamidi Moska - - 2013
Objective :  The 22q11.2 deletion syndrome is among the most common head-and-neck-related syndromes. The literature has examined many of the phenotypic features of 22q11.2 deletion syndrome; however, few studies have explored the manifestation of cervical spine abnormalities. In this study, we compared the cervical spines of individuals with and without ...
Callaghan Brian B Department of Neurology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, - - 2013
The metabolic syndrome and neuropathy are common conditions, especially in the elderly, that are associated with significant morbidity. Furthermore, the metabolic syndrome is reaching epidemic proportions across the world. Current evidence supports the association of the metabolic syndrome and its individual components with neuropathy. Several clinical trials have demonstrated that ...
Sanchez Tiffany - - 2013
Tethered cord syndrome (TCS) is a progressive clinical condition that arises from excessive spinal cord tension. The clinical signs and symptoms of TCS may be cutaneous, neurologic, musculoskeletal, genitourinary, and/or gastrointestinal. Patients also may be asymptomatic, which does not exclude the diagnosis of TCS. Although the exact etiology is unknown, ...
Willson Douglas F - - 2013
Adult studies have demonstrated the relationship between fluid overload and poor outcomes in acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome. The approach of pediatric intensivists to fluid management in acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome and its effect on outcomes is less clear. In a post hoc analysis of our Calfactant ...
Dyment David A - - 2013
In the past few years, the increasing accessibility of next-generation sequencing technology has translated to a number of significant advances in our understanding of brain malformations. Genes causing brain malformations, previously intractable due to their complex presentation, rarity, sporadic occurrence, or molecular mechanism, are being identified at an unprecedented rate ...
Stecco Antonio - - 2013
Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is described as the muscle, sensory, motor, and autonomic nervous system symptoms caused by stimulation of myofascial trigger points (MTP). The participation of fascia in this syndrome has often been neglected. Several manual and physical approaches have been proposed to improve myofascial function after traumatic injuries, ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 >