Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1655
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Su Pen-Hua - - 2009
We report the case of a female infant with Pfeiffer-like syndrome and holoprosencephaly. She had a cloverleaf skull, ocular proptosis, broad thumbs and halluces, and variable accompanying anomalies compatible with Pfeiffer syndrome. She also displayed microcephaly, short palpebral fissures, and a smooth philtrum, which are clinical signs consistent with fetal ...
Choo J T L - - 2009
Loeys-Dietz syndrome is a recently-characterised genetic disorder with an autosomal-dominant inheritance due to mutations in the transforming growth factor beta-receptor Type 1 or Type 2 genes. We present a Chinese female neonate with genetically-confirmed Loeys-Dietz syndrome, cleft palate, hypertelorism, and an early dilatation of the aortic root and ascending aorta. ...
Schoindre Yoland - - 2009
TNF receptor-associated periodic syndrome (TRAPS) is a highly polymorphic autoinflammatory syndrome related to mutations in the TNFRSF1A gene encoding the type 1 TNF receptor. Arthralgia and nonerosive synovitis are among the most common manifestations. We report the case of a 73-year-old woman who presented with chronic erosive joint disease that ...
Bochukova Elena G - - 2010
Craniosynostosis can be caused by both genetic and environmental factors, the relative contributions of which vary between patients. Genetic testing identifies a pathogenic mutation or chromosomal abnormality in ∼ 21% of cases, but it is likely that further causative mutations remain to be discovered. To identify a shared signature of ...
van Bever Yolande - - 2009
We report a girl with severe manifestations of Townes-Brocks syndrome (TBS) and a previously unreported serious congenital dysphagia. She is unable to swallow her saliva and consequently chokes frequently with desaturations still existing beyond the second year of life. Involvement of the feet was more extensive than is usually seen ...
Berk David R - - 2009
We present an infant with AEC syndrome due to a novel TP63 mutation (F552S), who demonstrated neonatal erythroderma followed by extensive depigmentation. We are unaware of previous reports highlighting the extensive depigmentation present in our patient.
Fasquelle Corinne - - 2009
We herein describe the positional identification of a 2-bp deletion in the open reading frame of the MRC2 receptor causing the recessive Crooked Tail Syndrome in cattle. The resulting frame-shift reveals a premature stop codon that causes nonsense-mediated decay of the mutant messenger RNA, and the virtual absence of functional ...
Unal Sule - - 2009
DNA ligase IV deficiency syndrome (LIG4 syndrome) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by microcephaly, growth retardation, low birth weight, dysmorphic facial findings, immunodeficiency, pancytopenia, and radiosensitivity due to impaired repair of DNA double-strand breaks by non-homologous end-joining. Herein, we report two siblings with LIG4 syndrome with a novel ...
Dong Fei-Xia - - 2009
The present paper studies gene regulation in kidney deficiency syndromes from the simple Nephrotic Syndrome and with the principle of positive-negative regulation to control the change-over of yin-yang, the modern molecular biological techniques can be used, such as gene chip, representational difference analysis (RDA) and gene sequence analysis, so as ...
Chen C H - - 2009
Fetal chylothorax is one of a very few syndromes that can be treated in utero with thoracoamniotic shunting or pleurodesis by OK-432 as two major therapeutic modalities. We report on a fetus with Noonan syndrome and a missense mutation c.182A > C (p.Asp61Ala) of PTPN11 who responded poorly to antenatal ...
Schurman Scott J - - 2009
Abnormalities in the central nervous system and renal function are seen together in a variety of congenital syndromes. This Review examines the clinical presentation and the genetic basis of several such syndromes. The X-linked oculocerebrorenal syndrome of Lowe is characterized by developmental delay, blindness, renal tubular dysfunction, and progressive renal ...
Oduber Charl?ne E U - - 2010
There is a large group of disorders characterized by non-cranial vascular malformations and a dysregulated growth, of which the prototype may be Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome (KTS). The aetiology of KTS and vascular malformations-dysregulated growth (VM-DG) syndromes resembling KTS is obscure, but polygenic paradominant inheritance involving mutations or polymorphisms in two or ...
Lee Jae Youn - - 2009
The Down syndrome candidate region-1 gene (DSCR1, also known as RCAN1) is situated close to the Down Syndrome Critical Region (DSCR), which contains genes responsible for many features of Down syndrome. DSCR1 modulates calcineurin phosphatase activity, though its functional role is incompletely understood. Here we investigated the role of DSCR1-1S ...
Patino Gustavo A GA Department of Pharmacology and Program in Neuroscience, University of Michigan School of Medicine, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-5632, - - 2009
Dravet syndrome (also called severe myoclonic epilepsy of infancy) is one of the most severe forms of childhood epilepsy. Most patients have heterozygous mutations in SCN1A, encoding voltage-gated sodium channel Na(v)1.1 alpha subunits. Sodium channels are modulated by beta1 subunits, encoded by SCN1B, a gene also linked to epilepsy. Here ...
Ko Jung-Hee - - 2010
Virilizing adrenocortical carcinoma and Turner syndrome have opposite clinical manifestations in some aspects. Here, we report on the first case of virilizing adrenocortical carcinoma in a girl with Turner syndrome. A 2 10/12-year-old girl presented pubic hair of Tanner stage III with clitomegaly, deepening of her voice, and tall stature. ...
Yamazumi Yusuke - - 2009
NDC1 is a transmembrane nucleoporin that is required for NPC assembly and nucleocytoplasmic transport. We show here that NDC1 directly interacts with the nucleoporin ALADIN, mutations of which are responsible for triple-A syndrome, and that this interaction is required for targeting of ALADIN to nuclear pore complexes (NPCs). Furthermore, we ...
Witsell Alice - - 2009
Transposable elements are frequently used in Drosophila melanogaster for imprecise excision screens to delete genes of interest. However, these screens are highly variable in the number and size of deletions that are recovered. Here, we show that conducting excision screens in mus309 mutant flies that lack DmBlm, the Drosophila ortholog ...
Tallila Jonna - - 2009
Meckel syndrome (MKS) is a lethal malformation syndrome that belongs to the group of disorders that are associated with primary cilia dysfunction. Total of five genes are known to be involved in the molecular background of MKS. Here we have systematically analyzed all these genes in a total of 29 ...
Chong George - - 2009
Lynch syndrome is one of the most common autosomal dominantly inherited cancer syndromes. Mutations in MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, and PMS2 account for greater than 98% of reported mutations in Lynch syndrome families. It has been reported that large genomic deletions in MLH1 and MSH2 are a frequent cause of Lynch ...
Higgins Heather J - - 2009
Muir-Torre syndrome is an autosomal dominant genodermatosis associated with sebaceous neoplasms and visceral malignancies. Characteristic sebaceous neoplasms include sebaceous adenoma, sebaceous carcinoma, sebaceoma, and keratoacanthoma with sebaceous differentiation. The most common visceral malignancies are colorectal and genitourinary tumors. Investigations into the molecular genetics of Muir-Torre Syndrome have revealed an association ...
Wong K F - - 2009
JAK2 V617F mutation is mostly seen in BCR-ABLI negative myeloproliferative neoplasms. Among other myeloid neoplasms, it occurs with remarkably high frequency in refractory anemia with ring sideroblasts associated with marked thrombocytosis, a group of myeloid neoplasms with both dysplastic and proliferative features. It has also been reported in occasional cases ...
Kacerovska Denisa - - 2009
The association of tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) and autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), termed TSC2/PKD1 contiguous gene syndrome, is a result of molecular defect demonstrating by deletion disrupting TSC2 and PKD1. Dermatopathology of this syndrome has never been addressed. We report 2 sporadic cases form of TSC2/PKD1 contiguous gene ...
Riazuddin Saima - - 2009
BSND encodes barttin, an accessory subunit of renal and inner ear chloride channels. To date, all mutations of BSND have been shown to cause Bartter syndrome type IV, characterized by significant renal abnormalities and deafness. We identified a BSND mutation (p.I12T) in four kindreds segregating nonsyndromic deafness linked to a ...
Delvaeye Mieke - - 2009
The hemolytic-uremic syndrome consists of the triad of microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and renal failure. The common form of the syndrome is triggered by infection with Shiga toxin-producing bacteria and has a favorable outcome. The less common form of the syndrome, called atypical hemolytic-uremic syndrome, accounts for about 10% of ...
Jacob Francois Dominique - - 2009
Rett syndrome is a severe neurodegenerative disorder characterized by acquired microcephaly, communication dysfunction, psychomotor regression, seizures and stereotypical hand movements. Mutations in methyl CpG binding protein 2 (MECP2) are identified in most patients with classic Rett syndrome. Genetic studies in patients with a Rett variant have expanded the spectrum of ...
Mayer Dagmara E Y - - 2009
Summary The tricho-dento-osseous syndrome is a rare genetic disorder due to a mutation in the DLX3 gene on chromosome 17q21. It can affect hair, teeth, bone and nails, causing phenotypic variability. We report on an 8-year-old girl with tricho-dento-osseous syndrome, who presented in our allergy center with severe atopic dermatitis. ...
Stora Samantha - - 2009
The facio-oculo-acoustico-renal syndrome (FOAR) is a rare autosomal recessive syndrome characterized by the presence of dysmorphic facial features, ocular anomalies, sensorineural hearing loss, and proteinuria. Diaphragmatic hernia, exomphalos, absent or abnormal corpus callosum, and myopia, can also be part of the syndrome. The disorder is caused by mutations of the ...
Sethi Sidharth Kumar - - 2009
The majority of complement factor H mutations associated with atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) are heterozygous. Homozygous mutations causing atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome are rare. We report a 7-month-old boy with HUS, severe hypocomplementemia (low C3 and normal C4 levels), and extremely low circulating levels of factor H. Genetic analysis ...
Blanco Quir??s A - - 2009
The term autoimmune enteropathy (AIE) was applied to a form of "intractable diarrhoea" with serum gut autoantibodies, characterized by male predominance, early onset, poor response to parenteral nutrition and several autoimmune diseases, mainly type 1 diabetes. In recent years the vague concept of AIE has became more precise thanks to ...
Doherty D D University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195-0320, USA. - - 2010
To identify genetic causes of COACH syndrome COACH syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterised by Cerebellar vermis hypoplasia, Oligophrenia (developmental delay/mental retardation), Ataxia, Coloboma, and Hepatic fibrosis. The vermis hypoplasia falls in a spectrum of mid-hindbrain malformation called the molar tooth sign (MTS), making COACH a Joubert syndrome ...
Liang Jao-Shwann - - 2009
We report on a 2-year-old boy with facial dysmorphism, multiple lentigines, and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Mutation analyses of the patient and his mother revealed a Y279G mutation in exon 7 of the PTPN11 gene. The presence of LEOPARD syndrome was confirmed by a genetic study and clinical phenotypes. Since age 18 ...
Lin Angela E - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Delineate prenatal features of Costello syndrome (caused by HRAS mutations), which consists of mental retardation, facial, cardiovascular, skin, and musculoskeletal anomalies, and tumor predisposition. METHODS: Literature and new cases classified as Group I (pre-HRAS), Group II (HRAS confirmed), and Group III (HRAS confirmed in natural history study, plus three ...
Sacconi S - - 2009
Andersen's syndrome is a rare disorder that has been defined with a triad: periodic paralysis, cardiac arrhythmia, and development anomalies. Muscle weakness has been reported in two-thirds of the patients. KCNJ2 remains the only gene linked to Andersen's syndrome; this gene encodes for the alpha-subunit of the strong inward-rectifier K+ ...
Su Hailing H Department of Pediatrics, Division of Genetics and Metabolism, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, - - 2011
Angelman syndrome (AS) is a severe neurological disorder caused by a deficiency of ubiquitin protein ligase E3A (UBE3A), but the pathophysiology of the disease remains unknown. We now report that in the brains of AS mice in which the maternal UBE3A allele is mutated (m-) and the paternal allele is ...
Dessinioti Clio - - 2009
Inherited diseases of pigmentation were among the first traits studied in humans because of their easy recognition. The discovery of genes that regulate melanocytic development and function and the identification of disease-causative mutations have greatly improved our understanding of the molecular basis of pigmentary genodermatoses and their underlying pathogenetic mechanisms. ...
Tibelius Alexandra - - 2009
Primary microcephaly, Seckel syndrome, and microcephalic osteodysplastic primordial dwarfism type II (MOPD II) are disorders exhibiting marked microcephaly, with small brain sizes reflecting reduced neuron production during fetal life. Although primary microcephaly can be caused by mutations in microcephalin (MCPH1), cells from patients with Seckel syndrome and MOPD II harbor ...
Nakamura Tomoki - - 2009
Mutations within the protein tyrosine phosphatase, SHP2, which is encoded by PTPN11, cause a significant proportion of Noonan syndrome (NS) cases, typically presenting with both cardiac disease and craniofacial abnormalities. Neural crest cells (NCCs) participate in both heart and skull formation, but the role of SHP2 signaling in NCC has ...
Voituron Nicolas - - 2009
Rett syndrome (RTT) is a rare neurodevelopmental disease caused by mutations in the transcriptional repressor methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MeCP2) and accompanied by complex symptoms, including erratic breathing and life-threatening apnoeas. In Mecp2-deficient male mice (Mecp2(-/y)), breathing is normal at birth but becomes altered after postnatal day 30 (P30), with erratic ...
Nakamura Akinobu - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Gitelman's syndrome, recognized as a variant of Bartter's syndrome, is characterized by hypokalaemic metabolic alkalosis in combination with hypomagnesaemia and hypocalciuria. Overlapping biochemical features in Gitelman's syndrome and Bartter's syndrome has been observed. Here, we investigated the clinical, biochemical, and genetic characteristics of five, chronic, nonhypertensive and hypokalaemic Japanese ...
Buitkamp J - - 2009
Arachnomelia syndrome is a lethal inherited malformation mainly of the limbs, vertebral column and skull in cattle, which poses a severe impairment to farmers and breeders. Recently, a number of cases of arachnomelia syndrome have occurred in the Simmental breed and some sires with excellent breeding values had been shown ...
Baehring Joachim - - 2009
Turcot syndrome (TS), a rare variant of hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC), is characterized by familial clustering of cancer of the large bowel, extracolonic body sites and brain. It is caused by germline mutations in genes encoding for components of the DNA mismatch repair system. We report a 72 year ...
Padidela Raja R Developmental Endocrinology Research Group, Clinical and Molecular Genetics Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College of London, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, 30 Guilford Street, London, - - 2009
Hypoparathyroidism-retardation-dysmorphism (HRD) syndrome, an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by distinct clinical, biochemical, and genetic abnormalities, is characterized by severe short stature, the etiology of which is unclear. Homozygous mutation of the tubulin cofactor E (TBCE) gene leading to loss of four amino acids (c.155-166del12; p.del 52-55) in the TBCE protein ...
Woods Roger H RH Oxford Craniofacial Unit and the Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, United - - 2009
Saethre-Chotzen syndrome is a syndromic craniosynostosis defined by a genetic mutation affecting the TWIST1 gene on chromosome 7p21. It is typically associated with unicoronal or bicoronal synostosis, eyelid ptosis, dysmorphic external ears, and other variable facial and limb abnormalities. Surgical management of the craniosynostosis addresses the calvarial deformity and may ...
Regalado Sidney - - 2009
Dialysis-associated steal syndrome is a clinically significant complication associated with the creation of dialysis grafts or fistulae. The distal revascularization and interval ligation (DRIL) procedure is a surgical procedure, which has been used to treat patients with hand ischemia secondary to arterial "steal" from dialysis accesses. This article will review ...
Kwon Min-Jung - - 2009
Branchio-oto-renal (BOR) and branchio-oto (BO) syndromes are autosomal dominant hereditary disorders characterized by the presence of hearing loss and branchial fistulae and cysts, with (BOR syndrome) or without (BO syndrome) renal malformations of varying degrees of severity. Mutations in the human homologous of the Drosophila eyes absent (EYA1) gene are ...
Shikama Noriko - - 2009
Autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type-1 clinically manifests as the triad of hypoparathyroidism, primary adrenocortical insufficiency, and chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis. Mutations in the gene that encodes the autoimmune regulator protein, AIRE, have been identified as the cause of the autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type-1. The loss of immunologic tolerance to tissue-restricted antigens consequent ...
Payne Miranda - - 2009
Bloom's syndrome (BS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by genomic instability and cancer predisposition. The underlying genetic defect is mutation of the BLM gene, producing deficiency in the RecQ helicase BLM (Bloom's syndrome protein). The present article begins by introducing BLM and its binding partners before reviewing its ...
Savage Martin O - - 2009
Noonan syndrome (NS) is a phenotypically heterogeneous condition frequently associated with short stature. Genetic investigations have identified mutations in several genes, e.g. PTPN11, KRAS, RAF and SOS1 in patients with the NS phenotype and related disorders such as LEOPARD, Costello and Cardiofacio- cutaneous syndromes. In NS, PTPN11 mutations are present ...
Omalu B I - - 2009
Williams syndrome is a rare congenital developmental disorder characterized by a constellation of distinctive facial dysmorphisms, mental retardation, cardiovascular anomalies, infantile hypercalcemia, delayed developmental milestones, dental and musculoskeletal anomalies and distinctive personality traits. A majority of patients with Williams syndrome exhibit a hemizygous micro-deletion of chromosome 7q11.23, which is the ...
Hanson Dan D Endocrine Sciences, Faculty of Medical & Human Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, - - 2009
3-M syndrome is an autosomal-recessive primordial growth disorder characterized by significant intrauterine and postnatal growth restriction. Mutations in the CUL7 gene are known to cause 3-M syndrome. In 3-M syndrome patients that do not carry CUL7 mutations, we performed high-density genome-wide SNP mapping to identify a second locus at 2q35-q36.1. ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >