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Results 301 - 350 of 1655
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Fernández Raquel M - - 2010
Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) is a neurocristopathy characterized by the absence of parasympathetic intrinsic ganglion cells in the submucosal and myenteric plexuses along a variable portion of the intestinal tract. In approximately 18% of the cases HSCR also presents with multiple congenital anomalies including recognized syndromes. A combination of MLPA and ...
Kunte Hagen - - 2010
A 38-year-old male patient was admitted with slowly progressive spastic gait disturbance. Imaging revealed general spinal cord atrophy. Because of adrenal insufficiency, alacrima and achalasia, triple A syndrome was suspected. This is a case report of a triple A syndrome patient with a predominance of neurological features and a new ...
Tug E - - 2010
We describe a 2-year-old male patient with skeletal, neurological, cardiovascular, and connective tissue anomalies. Skeletal anomalies included pectus excavatum, hammer toes and hallux valgus and camptodactyly. The characteristic craniofacial findings of hypertelorism, down slanting palpebral fissures, strabismus, ptosis of eyelids, bifid uvula, high-arched palate and retrognathia were present. The proband ...
Saulsbury F T - - 2010
We describe a 10-year-old child with a novel mutation, c.352A>G/p.Thr118Ala (T89A) in the tumour necrosis factor receptor superfamily 1A (TNFRSF1A) gene. The patient presented with periodic fevers beginning at 2 years of age. He had overlapping clinical and laboratory features of tumour necrosis factor receptor-associated periodic syndrome (TRAPS) and hyper-IgD ...
Fryssira H - - 2010
Mutations and deletions of the NSD1 gene, located on chromosome 5q35, are responsible for over 90% of cases of Sotos syndrome. Fluorescent in situ hybridization analysis (FISH), MLPA or multiplex quantitative PCR allow detection of total/partial NSD1 deletions and direct sequencing allows detection of NSD1 mutations. We describe two boys ...
Lai-Cheong Joey E - - 2010
Kindler syndrome (MIM173650) is an autosomal recessive genodermatosis characterized by poikiloderma, trauma-induced skin blistering, mucosal inflammation, and photosensitivity. Loss-of-function mutations in the FERMT1 gene are the cause of Kindler syndrome. Kindler syndrome is categorized as a subtype of epidermolysis bullosa (EB). During infancy and childhood, there is clinical overlap between ...
D'Souza Maria-Anna M A - - 2010
Kindler syndrome is caused by genetic defects in the focal contact-associated protein, fermitin family homologue 1 (FFH1), encoded by the gene FERMT1 (known as KIND1). Defects in FFH1 lead to abnormal integrin activation and loss of keratinocyte epidermal adhesion to the underlying basal lamina, disruption in normal cell cytoskeleton within ...
Lotan Meir - - 2010
Rett syndrome (RS) is a neurological disease affecting mainly females, characterized by an arrest of brain development caused by an X-linked mutation. Rett syndrome is the first human disease found to be caused by defects in a protein involved in regulating gene expression through its interaction with methylated DNA. The ...
Smigiel R - - 2010
We present a clinical case of a female infant with multiple anomalies and distinctive facial features, with an exceptionally severe clinical course of Hirschsprung disease. The girl was also diagnosed with Mowat-Wilson syndrome, confirmed by molecular analysis as a heterozygous deletion of the ZEB2 gene. Moreover, molecular karyotyping revealed a ...
Petterson T - - 2010
Patients presenting to the "front door" with acute neuromuscular symptoms are challenging. Toxins need consideration as possible causative agents if there is the possibility of relevant exposure. This requires a thorough history1 and an awareness of local ethnic, social and industrial cultures within the practice locality. We describe a case ...
Chang Shih-Ching - - 2010
With progress in techniques of molecular biology, the phenotypes and genotypes for Lynch syndrome are more diverse than thought previously. This hospital-based study estimated the incidence and molecular and clinicopathologic features of Lynch syndrome to modify the screening criteria for Taiwanese patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). A total of 561 ...
Ko Jae Sung - - 2010
Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (SLOS) is an autosomal recessive malformation syndrome caused by a defect in cholesterol biosynthesis. The incidence is very low in Asians and only one case has been reported in Korea thus far. Recently, we found an infant with neonatal cholestasis. He had microcephaly, ambiguous genitalia, cleft palate, syndactyly ...
Hurtado-Nedelec Margarita - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The SAPHO syndrome (synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, and osteitis) is a rare disorder that mainly affects bone and skin. Chronic multifocal osteitis is the main diagnostic feature. Genetic studies of HLA genes have shown no role for these class II antigens, whereas studies of 2 mouse models (cmo and ...
Davis S W SW University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI 41809-5618, - - 2010
Defects in pituitary gland organogenesis are sometimes associated with congenital anomalies that affect head development. Lesions in transcription factors and signaling pathways explain some of these developmental syndromes. Basic research studies, including the characterization of genetically engineered mice, provide a mechanistic framework for understanding how mutations create the clinical characteristics ...
Subbiah Vivek - - 2009
Frasier syndrome is characterized by a 46 XY disorder of sex development, nephropathy, and increased risk for gonadoblastoma due to Wilms tumor 1(WT1) mutation in the donor splice site of intron-9, resulting in the splice form +KTS. Germ cell tumors and gonadoblastomas have been reported previously in Frasier syndrome. We ...
Berdasco María M Cancer Epigenetics and Biology Program, Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute, 08907 L'Hospitalet, - - 2009
Sotos syndrome is an autosomal dominant condition characterized by overgrowth resulting in tall stature and macrocephaly, together with an increased risk of tumorigenesis. The disease is caused by loss-of-function mutations and deletions of the nuclear receptor SET domain containing protein-1 (NSD1) gene, which encodes a histone methyltransferase involved in chromatin ...
Badura-Stronka M - - 2010
Cabezas syndrome (MIM 300354) is a recently identified syndromic form of X-linked mental retardation (XLMR) caused by mutations in the CUL4B gene. In total, nine XLMR families carrying mutations in the CUL4B gene have been described to date. Here, we present a detailed clinical phenotype of three affected brothers of ...
Cirstea Ion C - - 2010
Noonan syndrome, a developmental disorder characterized by congenital heart defects, reduced growth, facial dysmorphism and variable cognitive deficits, is caused by constitutional dysregulation of the RAS-MAPK signaling pathway. Here we report that germline NRAS mutations conferring enhanced stimulus-dependent MAPK activation account for some cases of this disorder. These findings provide ...
Bökenkamp Regina - - 2010
The unique differentiation program of the ductus arteriosus (DA) is essential for its specific task during fetal life and for the adapting circulation after birth. Phenotypic changes occur in the DA during the normal maturation and definitive closure. Morphological abnormalities of the vessel wall characterize the persistent DA (PDA) in ...
Emery Sarah B - - 2009
HYPOTHESIS: Molecular genetic testing is useful to differentiate otosclerosis from syndromic stapes ankylosis. BACKGROUND: Congenital stapes ankylosis is genetically heterogeneous. Mutations in the NOG gene are known to be associated with a variety of rare stapes ankylosis syndromes including stapes ankylosis with broad thumbs and toes, multiple synostoses syndrome, and ...
Martini Alessandro - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The fundamental processes involved in the mechanism of hearing seem to be controlled by hundreds of genes and hereditary hearing impairment may be caused by a large variety of genetic mutations in different genes. Approximately 150 loci for monogenic syndromic and non-syndromic hearing impairment (HI) disorders have been mapped ...
Dündar Munis M Department of Medical Genetics, Erciyes University, Talas, 38039 Kayseri, - - 2009
Adducted thumb-clubfoot syndrome is an autosomal-recessive disorder characterized by typical facial appearance, wasted build, thin and translucent skin, congenital contractures of thumbs and feet, joint instability, facial clefting, and coagulopathy, as well as heart, kidney, or intestinal defects. We elucidated the molecular basis of the disease by using a SNP ...
Weber Benedikt - - 2010
Apert syndrome is characterized by craniosynostosis, midfacial hypoplasia and symmetric cutaneous and bony syndactyly of the limbs. The skull is usually hyperacrobrachycephalic, whereas frank cloverleafing, as a clinically obvious trilobed skull deformity, is rarely seen in these patients. We report a rare case of Apert syndrome with cloverleaf skull deformity, ...
Rekik N - - 2010
We report the clinical and genetic findings in a 23-year-old woman with hyperparathyroidism-jaw tumor syndrome (HPT-JT). The patient had a family history of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) and uterine fibroma in her mother. The patient presented muscle weakness. The diagnosis of PHPT was confirmed by an elevated parathyroid hormone level above ...
Parisi Melissa A - - 2009
Joubert syndrome (JBTS; OMIM 213300) is a rare, autosomal recessive disorder characterized by a specific congenital malformation of the hindbrain and a broad spectrum of other phenotypic findings that is now known to be caused by defects in the structure and/or function of the primary cilium. The complex hindbrain malformation ...
Bebbington A A Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, - - 2010
This study aimed to compare the phenotype of Rett syndrome cases with C-terminal deletions to that of cases with different MECP2 mutations and to examine the phenotypic variation within C-terminal deletions. Cases were selected from InterRett, an international database and from the population-based Australian Rett Syndrome Database. Cases (n=832) were ...
Williams Stephen R - - 2010
Microdeletion of chromosome 2q23.1 results in a novel syndrome previously reported in five individuals. Many of the del(2)(q23.1) cases were thought to have other syndromes such as Angelman, Prader-Willi, or Smith-Magenis because of certain overlapping clinical features. We report two new cases of the 2q23.1 microdeletion syndrome, describe the syndrome ...
Dhillon Kiranjit K KK Department of Genome Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, - - 2010
Werner syndrome (WS) is a human autosomal recessive genetic instability and cancer predisposition syndrome with features of premature aging. Several genetically determined mouse models of WS have been generated, however, none develops features of premature aging or an elevated risk of neoplasia unless additional genetic perturbations are introduced. In order ...
Pereira Patricia Marques - - 2010
Coffin-Lowry syndrome (CLS) is a syndromic form of X-linked mental retardation, which is characterized in male patients by psychomotor and growth retardation and various skeletal anomalies. Typical facial changes and specific clinical and radiological signs in the hand are useful aids in the diagnosis. CLS is caused by mutations in ...
Avgerinou G P - - 2010
BACKGROUND: CHILD syndrome, a rare hereditary disorder of keratinization (MIM 308050, 300275), is the acronym proposed by Happle to name a rare entity, characterized by congenital hemidysplasia, icthyosiform nevus and limb defects, ranging from digital hypoplasia to icthyosiform nevus and ipsilateral limb defects, ranging from digital hypoplasia to complete amelia. ...
McKenna G J - - 2009
Lacrimo-auriculo-dento-digital (LADD) syndrome (OMIM #149730) is an autosomal-dominant congenital disorder that can be caused by heterozygous mutations in the tyrosine kinase domains of the genes encoding fibroblast growth factor receptors 2 (FGFR2) and 3 (FGFR3), and has been found in association with a mutation in the FGF10 gene, which encodes ...
Clark Robin Dawn RD Division of Medical Genetics, Department of Pediatrics, Loma Linda University Medical Center, Loma Linda, CA 92354, USA. - - 2009
FG syndrome is a rare X-linked multiple congenital anomaly-cognitive impairment disorder caused by the p.R961W mutation in the MED12 gene. We identified all known patients with this mutation to delineate their clinical phenotype and devise a clinical algorithm to facilitate molecular diagnosis. We ascertained 23 males with the p.R961W mutation ...
Bellizzi Andrew M - - 2009
Lynch syndrome (LS) is an autosomal dominant cancer predisposition syndrome attributable to deleterious germline mutations in mismatch repair (MMR) genes. The syndrome is typified by early-onset, frequently right-sided colorectal cancers (CRCs) with characteristic histologic features and tendency for multiplicity and an increased risk for extracolonic tumors at particular sites; it ...
Kotilainen Johanna - - 2009
The major diagnostic manifestations in Sotos syndrome include frontal bossing, downward slanting palpebral fissures, a prominent jaw, learning disability, and childhood overgrowth. Over 90% of clinically diagnosed patients have an abnormality in the NSD1 gene. We investigated the dental manifestations of this disorder and found one or several premolar teeth ...
Araya Natsumi - - 2009
Isaac's syndrome is a movement disorder characterized by hyperexcitability of peripheral motor nerves. Patients with Isaac's syndrome often develop auto-antibodies to voltage-gated potassium channels (VGKCs) which block their function. However, anti-VGKC antibodies are not detected in all patients with Isaac's syndrome, suggesting the existence of another etiology. In this study, ...
Postema P G - - 2009
In this part of a series on founder mutations in the Netherlands, we review a Dutch family carrying the SCN5a 1795insD mutation. We describe the advances in our understanding of the premature sudden cardiac deaths that have accompanied this family in the past centuries. The mutation carriers show a unique ...
Rosenfeld Jill A - - 2009
PURPOSE: Pitt-Hopkins syndrome is characterized by severe mental retardation, characteristic dysmorphic features, and susceptibility to childhood-onset seizures and intermittent episodes of hyperventilation. This syndrome is caused by haploinsufficiency of TCF4, which encodes a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor. Missense, nonsense, splice-site mutations, and gene deletions have been found in individuals with ...
Newman Aimee R - - 2009
Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by pancreatic insufficiency, bone marrow dysfunction, and metaphyseal chondrodysplasia. SDS is associated with mutations in the Shwachman-Bodian-Diamond Syndrome gene, with 90% of reported mutations in exon 2. We present a Fijian boy with SDS who has a novel A>G substitution in ...
Piane Maria - - 2009
We report on a 3-year-old boy with prenatal onset of proportionate dwarfism, postnatal severe microcephaly, high forehead with receded hairline, sparse scalp hair, beaked nose, mild retrognathia and hypotonia diagnosed at birth as Seckel syndrome. At age 3 years, he became paralyzed due to a cerebrovascular malformation. Based on the ...
Eigelshoven Sibylle - - 2009
We report a 3-year-old girl with autosomal dominant inherited Waardenburg syndrome type I showing circumscribed hypopigmentation of the skin, heterochromia iridis, sensorineural deafness, and dental aberrations. Clinical diagnosis was confirmed by the identification of an underlying missense mutation (C811T) in the PAX3 gene. Early diagnosis of Waardenburg syndrome among children ...
Urdinguio Rocio G RG Cancer Epigenetics and Biology Program, Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute, Catalonia, - - 2009
Epigenetic mechanisms such as DNA methylation and modifications to histone proteins regulate high-order DNA structure and gene expression. Aberrant epigenetic mechanisms are involved in the development of many diseases, including cancer. The neurological disorder most intensely studied with regard to epigenetic changes is Rett syndrome; patients with Rett syndrome have ...
Zhao Dan - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Pierson syndrome is typically manifested with congenital nephrotic syndrome (CNS) and peculiar ocular changes. LAMB2 was the causative gene. METHODS: A 3.25-year-old girl presenting with childhood-onset heavy proteinuria, bilateral myosis and nystagmus was detected on mutations of LAMB2 gene by PCR direct sequencing. RESULTS: Two novel mutations were identified, ...
Roux Jean-Christophe - - 2010
Rett syndrome (RTT) is a severe postnatal neurological disorder caused by mutations in the methyl-CpG binding protein 2 (MECP2) gene. In affected children, most biological parameters, including brain structure, are normal (although acquired microcephaly is usually present). However, in recent years, a deficit in bioaminergic metabolism has been identified at ...
Randall Victoria V Molecular Medicine Unit, Institute of Child Health, London, United - - 2009
Aortic arch artery patterning defects account for approximately 20% of congenital cardiovascular malformations and are observed frequently in velocardiofacial syndrome (VCFS). In the current study, we screened for chromosome rearrangements in patients suspected of VCFS, but who lacked a 22q11 deletion or TBX1 mutation. One individual displayed hemizygous CHD7, which ...
Langlois Sylvie - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain all prenatally diagnosed cases of Steroid Sulfatase (STS) deficiency in British Columbia between August 2002 and July 2007 to determine the incidence of this condition, the clinical and laboratory findings, and the risk of a contiguous gene deletion syndrome. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of these ...
T??ys??z Beyhan - - 2009
Waardenburg-Shah syndrome (Waardenburg syndrome type IV-WS4) is an auditory-pigmentary disorder that combines clinical features of pigmentary abnormalities of the skin, hair and irides, sensorineural hearing loss, and Hirschsprung disease (HSCR). Mutations in the endothelin-B receptor (EDNRB) gene on 13q22 have been found to cause this syndrome. Mutations in both alleles ...
Todt Ingo - - 2009
The Keratitis-Ichthyosis-Deafness syndrome (KIDS) is an autosomal dominant ectodermal dysplasia characterized by ocular, skin, and ear anomalies, including keratitis, palmoplantar keratoderma, and congenital hearing loss. Most cases are due to mutations in the GJB2 gene encoding connexin 26. The Dandy-Walker malformation (DWM) is a developmental anomaly of the midline of ...
McNeill Alisdair - - 2009
Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) syndrome is a dominantly inherited familial cancer syndrome caused by mutations in the VHL gene. VHL syndrome displays marked variation in expression and analysis of genotype-phenotype correlations have led to the concept of four subtypes of VHL syndrome (Types 1, 2A-C). Type 2 subtypes of VHL syndrome ...
Walsh Garry M - - 2009
Familial cold-induced autoinflammatory syndrome, Muckle-Wells syndrome and neonatal-onset multisystem inflammatory disease make up cryopyrin-associated periodic syndromes (CAPS). These are autoinflammatory inherited disorders caused by autosomal dominant gain-of-function mutations in the NLRP3 gene, located on chromosome 1q44. Cryopyrin/NALP3/NLRP3 is an essential component of intracellular inflammasomes that activate caspase-1, which in turn ...
LaSalle Janine M JM Medical Microbiology and Immunology and Rowe Program in Human Genetics, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Davis, CA 95616, USA. - - 2009
Rett syndrome is an X-linked autism-spectrum disorder caused by mutations in MECP2, encoding methyl CpG-binding protein 2. Since the discovery of MECP2 mutations as the genetic cause of Rett syndrome, the understanding of MeCP2 function has evolved. Although MeCP2 was predicted to be a global transcriptional repressor of methylated promoters, ...
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