Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1655
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Sharretts John M - - 2010
Primary hyperparathyroidism (HPT) results from the excessive secretion of parathyroid hormone from parathyroid tumours. While most HPT is sporadic, it is associated with a familial syndrome in a minority of cases. The study of these syndromes has helped define the pathophysiology of both familial and sporadic parathyroid neoplasms. Investigation of ...
Quinzii Catarina M CM Department of Neurology, Columbia University Medical Center, 630 West 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, - - 2010
Coenzyme Q(10) (CoQ(10)) is an essential electron carrier in the mitochondrial respiratory chain and an important antioxidant. Deficiency of CoQ(10) is a clinically and molecularly heterogeneous syndrome, which, to date, has been found to be autosomal recessive in inheritance and generally responsive to CoQ(10) supplementation. CoQ(10) deficiency has been associated ...
Demir E - - 2010
Cardio-facio-cutaneous (CFC) syndrome is a developmental disorder causing mental retardation and multiple congenital anomalies, including craniofacial, ectodermal, cardiac and musculoskeletal defects. Mutation of several genes in the RAS/MAPK (mitogen activated protein kinase) signaling pathway, most commonly BRAF, results in CFC syndrome. In this study, we report 3 new patients with ...
Cossio Silvia Liliana - - 2010
Lynch syndrome is an autosomal dominant cancer predisposition syndrome caused by germline mutations in one of the mismatch repair (MMR) genes: MLH1, MSH2, MSH6 and PMS2. Clinically, Lynch syndrome is characterized by early onset (45 years) of colorectal cancer (CRC), as well as extra-colonic cancer. Male and female carriers of ...
Rudnik-Schöneborn Sabine - - 2010
We report on a father and son with facioaudiosymphalangism syndrome, an alternative designation for multiple synostoses syndrome, type I. This syndrome includes synostosis, brachydactyly, craniofacial dysmorphic features, stapes fixation, hyperopia, and growth retardation. In contrast to the typical presentation, the height of the 10-year-old son was above the 97th centile ...
Angel Joel R - - 2010
Klinefelter's syndrome is characterized by hypogonadism and infertility and commonly has an XXY karyotype. Within the population of men with this disorder, there is an increased incidence of venous thromboembolic disease. Although the precise mechanisms underlying this prothrombotic state have not been elucidated, it is thought that the increased incidence ...
Sahut-Barnola Isabelle - - 2010
Carney complex (CNC) is an inherited neoplasia syndrome with endocrine overactivity. Its most frequent endocrine manifestation is primary pigmented nodular adrenocortical disease (PPNAD), a bilateral adrenocortical hyperplasia causing pituitary-independent Cushing's syndrome. Inactivating mutations in PRKAR1A, a gene encoding the type 1 alpha-regulatory subunit (R1alpha) of the cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) ...
Vaché Christel - - 2010
We have shown that nasal ciliated epithelium, which can be easily biopsied under local anesthetic, provides a good source of RNA transcripts from eight of the nine known genes that cause Usher syndrome, namely, MYO7A, USH1C, CDH23, PCDH15, USH1G for Usher type 1, and USH2A, GPR98, WHRN for Usher type ...
Jang Eunjeong - - 2010
Lynch syndrome is the most common familial colorectal cancer syndrome. It is linked to germline mutations in one of four DNA mismatch repair (MMR) genes. A comprehensive family history is one important way to identify at-risk individuals. The elucidation of the molecular genetics of this syndrome has made it possible ...
Sutkowska E - - 2010
Mutation of the transcription factor FOXC2 gene has been identified as the cause of lymphedema-distichiasis syndrome (LD). Subjects with LD usually present with lower extremity lymphedema and distichiasis--an additional row of eyelashes. Typically, lymphscintigrams of patients with LD show good transport of the radiotracer from the feet to the inguinal ...
Bouzourene Hanifa - - 2010
Lynch syndrome is one of the most common hereditary colorectal cancer (CRC) syndrome and is caused by germline mutations of MLH1, MSH2 and more rarely MSH6, PMS2, MLH3 genes. Whereas the absence of MSH2 protein is predictive of Lynch syndrome, it is not the case for the absence of MLH1 ...
Kirschner Ralf D - - 2010
Retinol and its metabolites have important roles in many processes including embryonic development, cellular differentiation, apoptosis and maintenance of epithelia. Retinal short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase retSDR1, also known as dehydrogenase/reductase member 3 (DHRS3), is involved in maintaining the cellular supply of retinol metabolites. We observe that retSDR1 expression is activated by members ...
Saneto Russell P RP Division of Pediatric Neurology, Seattle Children's Hospital and University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98105, USA. - - 2010
The most common mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations giving rise to Leigh syndrome reside in the MTATP6 gene. We report a rare mutation, m. 9185 T>C that gives rise to a progressive, but episodic pattern of neurological impairment with partial recovery. Disease progression corresponded to febrile viral illness and nuclear magnetic ...
Morris-Rosendahl Deborah J - - 2010
Warburg Micro Syndrome is a rare, autosomal recessive syndrome characterized by microcephaly, microphthalmia, microcornia, congenital cataracts, optic atrophy, cortical dysplasia, in particular corpus callosum hypoplasia, severe mental retardation, spastic diplegia, and hypogonadism. We have found five new mutations in the RAB3GAP1 gene in seven patients with suspected Micro Syndrome from ...
Kotarsky Heike - - 2010
A homozygous mutation in the complex III chaperone BCS1L causes GRACILE syndrome (intrauterine growth restriction, aminoaciduria, cholestasis, hepatic iron overload, lactacidosis). In control and patient fibroblasts we localized BCS1L in inner mitochondrial membranes. In patient liver, kidney, and heart BCS1L and Rieske protein levels, as well as the amount and ...
Stewart Rodney A RA Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Department of Pediatric Oncology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2010
The tyrosine phosphatase SHP2 (PTPN11) regulates cellular proliferation, survival, migration, and differentiation during development. Germline mutations in PTPN11 cause Noonan and LEOPARD syndromes, which have overlapping clinical features. Paradoxically, Noonan syndrome mutations increase SHP2 phosphatase activity, while LEOPARD syndrome mutants are catalytically impaired, raising the possibility that SHP2 has phosphatase-independent ...
Ercan-Sencicek A Gulhan AG Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, - - 2010
Tourette's syndrome is a common developmental neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by chronic motor and vocal tics. Despite a strong genetic contribution, inheritance is complex, and risk alleles have proven difficult to identify. Here, we describe an analysis of linkage in a two-generation pedigree leading to the identification of a rare functional ...
Suomalainen Anu - - 2010
Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome has become an important cause of inherited metabolic disorders, especially in children, but also in adults. The manifestations vary from tissue-specific mtDNA depletion to wide-spread multisystemic disorders. Nine genes are known to underlie this group of disorders, and many disease genes are still unidentified. However, the ...
Peña William A - - 2010
Saethre-Chotzen syndrome (acrocephalosyndactyly type III) is a craniosynostosis syndrome inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. Although similar to the other craniosynostosis syndromes in its clinical presentation, this syndrome is caused by a mutation in the TWIST1 gene. The TWIST1 gene product is a transcription factor containing a basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) ...
Pillion Joseph P - - 2010
Prolongation of the I-V interpeak latency intervals have been reported in Rett syndrome and other neurodevelopmental disorders. It has been suggested that the use of sedation may account for differences in the interpeak latency intervals when comparisons are made across diagnostic groups if sedated control groups are not used for ...
Rai Reena - - 2010
Papillon-Lefevre syndrome and Haim Munk syndrome are palmoplantar keratodermas associated with premature periodontal destruction. The additional findings of Haim Munk Syndrome include onychogryphosis, arachnodactyly, acral osteolysis and pes planus. Both are associated with mutations in the lysosomal protease cathepsin C. We describe a patient with phenotype for Haim Munk Syndrome ...
Ozsürekci Yasemin - - 2010
Cowden's syndrome (CS) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder characterized by multiple hamartomas and an increased risk of breast, thyroid and endometrial carcinomas. Mutations of tumor suppressor gene PTEN (phosphatase and tensin homolog) on chromosome 10p23.2, which encodes a lipid phosphatase mediating cell cycle arrest and apoptosis, were first described ...
Demir Korcan - - 2010
Noonan syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by short stature, typical craniofacial features, and congenital heart defects. The underlying genetic defects were not clear until 2001. This report is the first to describe a molecular analysis and associated clinical features of a Turkish mother and son, who were clinically ...
Yosunkaya Elif - - 2010
Three brothers, born to parents who were first cousins, were referred for progressive diffuse dystonia. Initial physical examinations revealed minor dysmorphic features, e.g., bifrontal narrowing, downslanting palpebral fissures, low-set ears, upturned nostrils, and microretrognathia, as well as neurodevelopmental delay. Absence of eye contact and head control, diffuse dystonia, hypokinesia, choreoathetosis, ...
Newsway Victoria V MRC Centre for Neuropsychatric Genetics and Genomics, Cardiff University School of Medicine, Cardiff, United - - 2010
Perry syndrome is a rare form of autosomal dominant Parkinsonism with respiratory failure recently defined as being due to mutations in the DCTN1 gene. We describe a new family carrying a G71R mutation in the DCTN1 gene. The proband displayed a series of distinctive features not previously described in Perry ...
Rougemont Anne-Laure - - 2010
An isolated pericardial effusion was observed during a routine prenatal ultrasound in a fetus of 30 and 3/7 weeks gestation. Amniocentesis was performed and revealed a trisomy 21. After prenatal counseling, the parents opted for termination of the pregnancy at 32 weeks. Postmortem examination confirmed the presence of a pericardial ...
Sinha Aditi - - 2010
Frasier syndrome is characterized by progressive glomerulopathy that is unresponsive to corticosteroids, male pseudohermaphroditism, and an increased risk of genitourinary tumors. Of 21 girls with steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome secondary to focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) who were screened for mutations in the WT1 gene, two showed Frasier syndrome. Both patients had ...
Fung Eva Lai-Wah - - 2011
Glucose transporter type 1 deficiency syndrome (GLUT1DS) is increasingly recognized as a cause of various neurological disorders but a high index of suspicion is important to make the diagnosis. We report two Chinese patients with GLUT1DS, one of which had a novel mutation in the SLC2A1 gene.
Yin W - - 2010
TP63 plays an essential role in the development of epidermis and skin appendages. Mutations in TP63 can give rise to a series of syndromes characterized by various combinations of ectodermal dysplasia, limb malformations, and orofacial clefting in many populations. To test whether TP63 is the disease-causative gene for these phenotypes ...
Sbidian E - - 2010
Keratitis-ichthyosis-deafness (KID) syndrome is an autosomal dominant congenital ectodermal defect characterized by the association of skin lesions, hearing loss and keratitis. Most of the cases appear to be sporadic. KID syndrome is mostly related to mutations of GJB2 gene encoding connexin-26. Recently, a lethal form of the disease during the ...
Nagasaka Takeshi T Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75246, - - 2010
Heritable germline epimutations in MSH2 have been reported in a few Lynch syndrome families that lacked germline mutations in the MSH2 gene. It is not known whether somatic MSH2 methylation occurs in MSH2 mutation-positive Lynch syndrome subjects or sporadic colorectal cancers (CRC). Therefore, we determined the methylation status of the ...
de Brouwer Arjan P M - - 2010
Phosphoribosylpyrophosphate synthetases (PRSs) catalyze the first step of nucleotide synthesis. Nucleotides are central to cell function, being the building blocks of nucleic acids and serving as cofactors in cellular signaling and metabolism. With this in mind, it is remarkable that mutations in phosphoribosylpyrophosphate synthetase 1 (PRPS1), which is the most ...
Layman W S WS Department of Human Genetics, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI, - - 2010
In humans, heterozygous mutations in the adenosine triphosphate-dependent chromatin remodeling gene CHD7 cause CHARGE syndrome, a common cause of deaf-blindness, balance disorders, congenital heart malformations, and olfactory dysfunction with an estimated incidence of approximately 1 in 10,000 newborns. The clinical features of CHARGE in humans and mice are highly variable ...
Bry-Gauillard H - - 2010
Congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadisms (CHH) are a well-known cause of pubertal development failure in women. In a majority of patients, the clinical spectrum results from an insufficient and concomitant secretion of both pituitary gonadotropins LH and FSH that impedes a normal endocrine and exocrine cyclical ovary functioning after the age of ...
Chanson P - - 2010
The McCune-Albright syndrome is characterized by cafe-au-lait spots, precocious puberty, and fibrous dysplasia. It is due to mutations in the gene encoding the GS protein alpha subunit coupling 7-transmembrane-domain receptors to adenylate cyclase, leading to constitutive adenylate cyclase activation and cAMP overproduction. Endocrinologists and gynecologists are confronted with new issues ...
Su Pen-Hua - - 2010
Cerebro-costo-mandibular syndrome (CCMS) is an uncommon multiple congenital anomaly syndrome characterized by severe micrognathia, posterior rib-gap defects, and developmental delay. The cause of CCMS is unknown. Genes hypothesized to have a causal role in CCMS, include myogenic factor 5 (MYF5), goosecoid homeobox (GSC) and runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2) [formerly ...
Pingault Véronique - - 2010
Waardenburg syndrome (WS) is characterized by the association of pigmentation abnormalities, including depigmented patches of the skin and hair, vivid blue eyes or heterochromia irides, and sensorineural hearing loss. However, other features such as dystopia canthorum, musculoskeletal abnormalities of the limbs, Hirschsprung disease, or neurological defects are found in subsets ...
Scambler Peter J - - 2010
Tbx1 is a member of the Tbox family of binding domain transcription factors. TBX1 maps within the region of 22q11 deleted in humans with DiGeorge or velocardiofacial syndrome. Mice haploinsufficient for Tbx1 have phenotypes that recapitulate major features of the syndrome, notably abnormal growth and remodelling of the pharyngeal arch ...
Manzini M Chiara MC Department of Neurology, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2010
We sought to explore the genetic and molecular causes of Troyer syndrome, one of several complicated hereditary spastic paraplegias (HSPs). Troyer syndrome had been thought to be restricted to the Amish; however, we identified 2 Omani families with HSP, short stature, dysarthria and developmental delay-core features of Troyer syndrome-and a ...
Cobb Stuart S Neuroscience and Molecular Pharmacology, Faculty of Biomedical and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK. - - 2010
Mutations in the X-linked MECP2 gene are the primary cause of the severe autism spectrum disorder RTT (Rett syndrome). Deletion of Mecp2 in mice recapitulates many of the overt neurological features seen in humans, and the delayed onset of symptoms is accompanied by deficits in neuronal morphology and synaptic physiology. ...
Aggarwal Varun V Department of Pediatrics, Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, - - 2010
Clinically apparent jaundice is unusual in patients with beta-thalassemia major. Co-inheritance of Gilbert syndrome has been reported to cause hyperbilirubinemia in these subjects. Crigler-Najjar syndrome is another rare disorder of bilirubin metabolism caused by mutation in the gene coding the enzyme UGT1A1. We report a patient of beta-thalassemia major who ...
Moon Sungdae - - 2010
The risk for parathyroid carcinoma is high in those with the HPT-JT syndrome. Parafibromin is a protein derived from HRPT2 gene and its inactivation has been coupled to familial form of parathyroid malignancy. We previously identified altered transcripts resulting from splice site mutation of the HRPT2 gene in a family ...
Michels Aaron W - - 2010
The autoimmune polyglandular syndromes-a group of syndromes comprising a combination of endocrine and nonendocrine autoimmune diseases-differ in their component diseases and in the immunologic features of their pathogenesis. One of the three main syndromes, type 1 autoimmune polyglandular syndrome (APS-1), has a unique pathogenic mechanism owing to mutations in the ...
Terrinoni Alessandro A Biochemistry Laboratory, IDI-IRCCS, C/O Department of Experimental Medicine and Biochemical Sciences, University of Rome Tor Vergata, 00133 Rome, Italy. - - 2010
KID syndrome (MIM 148210) is an ectodermal dysplasia characterized by the occurrence of localized erythematous scaly skin lesions, keratitis and severe bilateral sensorineural deafness. KID syndrome is inherited as an autosomic dominant disease, due to mutations in the gene encoding gap junction protein GJB2 (connexin 26, Cx26). Cx26 is a ...
Terrinoni Alessandro A Biochemistry Laboratory, IDI-IRCCS, C/O Department of Experimental Medicine and Biochemical Sciences, University of Rome Tor Vergata, via Montpellier 1, 00133 Rome, Italy. - - 2010
The autosomic dominant KID Syndrome (MIM 148210), due to mutations in GJB2 (connexin 26, Cx26), is an ectodermal dysplasia with erythematous scaly skin lesions, keratitis and severe bilateral sensorineural deafness. The Cx26 protein is a component of gap junction channels in epithelia, including the cochlea, which coordinates the exchange of ...
Bizhanova Aigerim - - 2010
Pendred syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by sensorineural deafness, goiter and a partial defect in iodide organification. Goiter development and hypothyroidism vary and appear to depend on nutritional iodide intake. Pendred syndrome is caused by biallelic mutations in the SLC26A4 gene, which encodes pendrin, a multifunctional anion exchanger. ...
Spiegel Ronen - - 2010
OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: A homozygous loss-of-function mutation in the gene RBM28 was recently reported to underlie alopecia, neurological defects, and endocrinopathy (ANE) syndrome. The aim of the present study was to characterize the endocrine phenotype of ANE syndrome and to delineate its pathogenesis. METHODS: Detailed neuroendocrine assessment was performed in ...
Grunewald J - - 2010
The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II transactivator (MHC2TA) is known as a master regulator for expression of MHC class II molecules. In the present study, we investigated the influence on the risk for sarcoidosis of two variants of the MHC2TA gene, selected from previous association studies of inflammatory diseases. ...
Tai Hwan-Ching - - 2010
Angelman syndrome is a neurodevelopmental disorder caused by mutations in the maternally inherited UBE3A gene, which encodes a ubiquitin ligase. Greer et al. (2010) now identify a UBE3A substrate called Arc that promotes endocytosis of neuronal AMPA receptors, providing insight into synaptic defects that may underlie the cognitive deficits in ...
Brioude Fr?d?ric - - 2010
Congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (CHH) results from abnormal gonadotropin secretion, and it is characterized by impaired pubertal development. CHH is caused by defective GNRH release, or by a gonadotrope cell dysfunction in the pituitary. Identification of genetic abnormalities related to CHH has provided major insights into the pathways critical for the ...
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