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Le Quintrec Moglie - - 2010
In the last 10 years the knowledge of the pathophysiology of atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) has substantially increased. Nevertheless, aHUS remains a severe disorder, in which early recognition of symptoms remains a key issue. The landmark discovery of genetic abnormalities in complement regulatory genes in most patients gave us ...
Barry Gerard P - - 2010
To report a case of a child with Pfeiffer syndrome, unique ocular anterior segment findings and a mutation in FGFR2 (Trp290Cys). Case Report. We describe a patient with Pfeiffer syndrome with a unique constellation of ocular anterior segment anomalies including microcornea, limbal scleralization, corectopia and glaucoma. Genomic DNA extraction was ...
Alrashdi Ismail - - 2010
Carney triad is a usually sporadic association of pulmonary chondroma, gastrointestinal stromal tumours, and paraganglioma. The majority of patients have two of these tumours, the gastric and pulmonary tumours being the most common combination. Carney Stratakis syndrome is an association of familial paraganglioma and gastric stromal sarcoma and it is ...
Köse Ozlem O Department of Nephrology, University Hospital of Essen, University Duisburg-Essen, Essen, - - 2010
Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is a disease characterized by microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, consumptive thrombocytopenia, and renal impairment. Often HUS is triggered by Shiga-like toxin- producing ESCHERICHIA COLI. Less common is atypical HUS (aHUS), which is caused by defective complement control. aHUS is associated with mutations in genes encoding complement regulatory ...
Nyiraneza Christine - - 2010
Lynch syndrome is an autosomal dominant cancer-susceptibility disorder caused by mutations in DNA mismatch repair genes. Women with Lynch syndrome have an increased lifetime risk for endometrial and ovarian cancers. While there is evidence of efficacy for prophylactic surgery, no standard recommendations have been developed to support screening for premalignant ...
Sato Akiko - - 2010
Bloom syndrome is a rare genetic disorder characterized by severe growth retardation and cancer predisposition. The disease is caused by a loss of function of the Bloom syndrome protein (BLM), a member of the RecQ family of DNA helicases. Here we report on the first 3D structure of a BLM ...
Ledig Susanne - - 2011
To identify genetic causes of Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome. Prospective laboratory study. University hospital. Fifty-six patients with MRKH syndrome. Identification of microdeletions and -duplications in a group of 48 MRKH patients by array-CGH. Results obtained by array-CGH were confirmed by RT-qPCR. Sequential analysis of two candidate genes LHX1 and HNF1B in ...
Le Guen Tangui - - 2011
Mutations in the FOXG1 gene have been shown to cause congenital variant of Rett syndrome. To date, point mutations have been reported only in female patients. We screened the entire coding region of the gene for mutations in 50 boys with congenital encephalopathy, postnatal microcephaly, and complex movement disorders, a ...
Boultwood Jacqueline J Leukaemia & Lymphoma Research Molecular Haematology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, John Radcliffe Hospital, Headington, Oxford, United Kingdom. - - 2010
The 5q- syndrome is the most distinct of all the myelodysplastic syndromes with a clear genotype/phenotype relationship. The significant progress made during recent years has been based on the determination of the commonly deleted region and the demonstration of haploinsufficiency for the ribosomal gene RPS14. The functional screening of all ...
Ackerman Michael J MJ Mayo Clinic Windland Smith Rice Sudden Death Genomics Laboratory, Rochester, Minn., - - 2010
Over the past 15 years, gene mutations in cardiac ion channels have been linked to a host of potentially fatal human arrhythmias including long QT syndrome, short QT syndrome, Brugada syndrome, and catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia. More recently, a new paradigm for human arrhythmia has emerged based on gene mutations ...
Jeong Seon-Yong - - 2010
Torg-Winchester syndrome (OMIM 259600) is an autosomal recessive multicentric osteolysis disorder. Mutations in the gene for matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2) are involved in its pathogenesis. This is the first report of Torg-Winchester syndrome in east Asians. A 31-year-old female Korean patient had the typical clinical phenotypes of the syndrome, including ...
Nimura Keisuke - - 2010
Histone modifications contribute to the precise regulation of transcription by recruiting non-histone proteins and controlling chromatin conformation. These covalent modifications are dynamically regulated by many enzymes that modify histones at specific residues in different ways. Histone modifiers contribute to development as well as cellular responses to extracellular stimuli. Mutations in ...
Popescu Andreea C - - 2010
Rett syndrome is a pediatric neurological condition that affects primarily girls. Approximately 30% of Rett syndrome cases arise from point mutations that introduce a premature stop codon into the MECP2 gene. Several studies have now shown that certain aminoglycosides can facilitate read-through of some types of nonsense mutations in a ...
Jalili I K - - 2010
To report a new phenotype with additional data on the oculo-dental syndrome of cone-rod dystrophy (CRD) and amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) caused by mutations on CNNM4, a metal transporter, with linkage at achromatopsia locus 2q11 (Jalili syndrome). Three siblings aged 5, 6, and 10 years from a six-generation Arab family in ...
Niemeyer Charlotte M - - 2010
CBL encodes a member of the Cbl family of proteins, which functions as an E3 ubiquitin ligase. We describe a dominant developmental disorder resulting from germline missense CBL mutations, which is characterized by impaired growth, developmental delay, cryptorchidism and a predisposition to juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML). Some individuals experienced spontaneous ...
Ledig S - - 2010
XY gonadal dysgenesis (XY-GD) is a heterogeneous disorder characterized by failure of testicular development despite a normal male karyotype. Non-syndromic and syndromic forms can be delineated. Currently, only a minority of cases can be explained by gene mutations. The aim of this study was to detect microdeletions and duplications by ...
Yamashita Satoshi - - 2010
We present a case of a patient with clinically definite ALS, who had earlier suffered from Kartagener syndrome, which is characterized by the triad comprising chronic sinusitis, bronchiectasis, and situs inversus. Recent linkage and mutational analyses identified several genes that are responsible for Kartagener syndrome. Most of them encode subunits ...
Zhang Ling - - 2010
L1 cell adhesion molecule is a transmembrane glycoprotein of the immunoglobulin superfamily. L1 plays essential roles in normal development of the nervous system, and the mutations in the L1 gene are responsible for CRASH syndrome, a very rare inherited disorder characterized by corpus callosum hypoplasia, mental retardation, adducted thumbs, spastic ...
Koo Grace - - 2010
Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (SLOS) is a malformation syndrome resulting from mutations of the 7-dehydrocholesterol reductase (DHCR7) gene. During cholesterol biosynthesis, DHCR7 catalyzes the conversion of 7-dehydrocholesterol (7DHC) to cholesterol. A clinical diagnosis of SLOS is confirmed biochemically by the presence of elevated levels of 7DHC. Phenotypic severity of SLOS has previously ...
Iyer Nithya K - - 2010
Juvenile polyposis syndrome (JPS) and hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) are autosomal dominant disorders with characteristic clinical phenotypes. Recently, reports of the combined syndrome of JPS and HHT have been described in individuals with mutations in the SMAD4 gene, whose product-SMAD4-is a critical intracellular effector in the signalling pathway of transforming ...
Bogdanović Radovan - - 2010
Dent disease is an X-linked recessive disorder affecting the proximal tubule and is characterized by low-molecular-weight proteinuria (LMWP), hypercalciuria, nephrocalcinosis/nephrolithiasis with a variable number of features of Fanconi syndrome. It is most often associated with mutations in CLCN5, which encodes the endosomal electrogenic chloride/proton exchanger ClC-5. Renal acidification abnormalities are ...
Crockett David K - - 2010
Alport Syndrome is a progressive renal disease with cochlear and ocular involvement. The most common form ( approximately 80%) is inherited in an X-linked pattern. X-linked Alport Syndrome (XLAS) is caused by mutations in the type IV collagen alpha chain 5 (COL4A5). We have developed a curated disease-specific database containing ...
Nakamura Katsuya - - 2010
Triple A syndrome is caused by mutations in the gene encoding ALADIN, leading to achalasia, alacrima and addisonism. Neurologic manifestations of the disease include motor neuron disease-like presentations, motor-sensory or autonomic neuropathy, optic atrophy, cerebellar ataxia, Parkinsonism, and mild dementia. We report a 60-year-old Japanese man with triple A syndrome. ...
Pei Wuhong - - 2010
Costeff Syndrome, which is caused by mutations in the OPTIC ATROPHY 3 (OPA3) gene, is an early-onset syndrome characterized by urinary excretion of 3-methylglutaconic acid (MGC), optic atrophy and movement disorders, including ataxia and extrapyramidal dysfunction. The OPA3 protein is enriched in the inner mitochondrial membrane and has mitochondrial targeting ...
Kimberling William J WJ Department of Genetics, Boys Town National Research Hospital, Omaha, Nebraska 68131, USA. - - 2010
Usher syndrome is a major cause of genetic deafness and blindness. The hearing loss is usually congenital and the retinitis pigmentosa is progressive and first noticed in early childhood to the middle teenage years. Its frequency may be underestimated. Newly developed molecular technologies can detect the underlying gene mutation of ...
Pierce Sarah B - - 2010
Perrault syndrome is a recessive disorder characterized by ovarian dysgenesis in females, sensorineural deafness in both males and females, and in some patients, neurological manifestations. No genes for Perrault syndrome have heretofore been identified. A small family of mixed European ancestry includes two sisters with well-characterized Perrault syndrome. Whole-exome sequencing ...
Malan Valérie - - 2010
By using a combination of array comparative genomic hybridization and a candidate gene approach, we identified nuclear factor I/X (NFIX) deletions or nonsense mutation in three sporadic cases of a Sotos-like overgrowth syndrome with advanced bone age, macrocephaly, developmental delay, scoliosis, and unusual facies. Unlike the aforementioned human syndrome, Nfix-deficient ...
Fradin Melanie M Service de Génétique Médicale, CHU Strasbourg, Hôpital de Hautepierre, Avenue Molière, Strasbourg, France. - - 2011
Raine syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in the FAM20C gene. FAM20C codes for the human homolog of DMP4, a dentin matrix protein highly expressed in odontoblasts and moderately in bone. DMP4 is probably playing a role in the mineralization process. Since the first case reported in ...
Al-Owain M - - 2011
Desmoplakin is an important cytoskeletal linker for the function of the desmosomes. Linking desmoplakin to certain types of cardiocutaneous syndromes has been a hot topic recently. Skin fragility-woolly hair syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder involving the desmosomes and is caused by mutation in the desmoplakin gene (DSP). We ...
Graziani G - - 2010
Giltelman syndrome (GS) is a recessive salt-losing tubulopathy of children or young adults caused by a mutation of genes encoding the human sodium chloride cotransporters and magnesium channels in the thiazide-sensitive segments of the distal convoluted tubule. The plasma biochemical picture is characterized by hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, hypocalciuria, metabolic alkalosis and ...
Aharoni Sharon - - 2010
The syndrome of mitochondrial encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episode (MELAS) is characterized clinically by recurrent focal neurological deficits, epilepsy, and short stature. The phenotypic spectrum is extremely diverse, with multisystemic organ involvement leading to isolated diabetes, deafness, renal tubulopathy, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, and retinitis pigmentosa. In 80% of cases, the ...
Álvarez-Coca-González Javier - - 2010
Ferritin is an acute-phase reactant that is elevated in the course of infectious, inflammatory, autoimmune, and oncological diseases and the hemophagocytic syndrome. In asymptomatic patients, isolated hyperferritinemia may be due to different causes depending on whether or not it is accompanied by iron overload. Hyperferritinemia values above 300 ng/ml and ...
McDermott David H - - 2010
Mutations in more than 15 genes are now known to cause severe congenital neutropenia (SCN); however, the pathologic mechanisms of most genetic defects are not fully defined. Deficiency of G6PC3, a glucose-6-phosphatase, causes a rare multisystem syndrome with SCN first described in 2009. We identified a family with 2 children ...
Jain Deepali - - 2010
Rett syndrome is a neurodevelopmental disorder caused by mutations in the methyl CpG binding protein 2 gene (MECP2). The MECP2 protein is expressed primarily in neurons, and mutations in the gene lead to the clinical features of Rett syndrome in human patients and neurologic deficits in murine models. Visual function ...
Ramot Yuval - - 2010
This case report describes two patients with H syndrome, a multisystemic autosomal recessive disorder, caused by mutations in the SLC29A3 gene. It is characterized by cutaneous hyperpigmentation, camptodactyly or flexion contractures and other features, among them hearing loss. The two patients had hearing loss as their presenting symptom, and had ...
Talwalkar Sameer S - - 2010
CONTEXT: Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS), characterized by predisposition to early onset of a variety of malignancies, is usually associated with germline mutation of the tumor-suppressor gene, TP53. Mutation carriers are at increased risk of multiple primary tumors, many of which arise in previous radiation-therapy sites. In patients with LFS, acute myeloid ...
Williams Charles A - - 2010
Angelman syndrome is characterized by severe developmental delay, speech impairment, gait ataxia and/or tremulousness of the limbs, and a unique behavioral phenotype that includes happy demeanor and excessive laughter. Microcephaly and seizures are common. Developmental delays are first noted at 3 to 6 months age, but the unique clinical features ...
González-Huerta Norma Celia - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To describe the case of a pregnant woman and her fetus with Noonan syndrome (NS) whom were diagnosed through ultrasonography 3D and molecular analysis of the PTPN11 gene. STUDY DESIGN: Case report. RESULTS: We detected in a pregnant woman and her child the G<A transition at position 236 in ...
Bento Diogo - - 2010
We report a case of atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) triggered by influenza A (H1N1) in a 17-year-old boy with a mutation in the gene (CD46) encoding the transmembrane complement regulator membrane cofactor protein. The patient recovered completely following treatment with oseltamivir, plasma exchange, and hemodialysis. We describe the case ...
Walters Kevin B - - 2010
CXCR4 is a G protein-coupled chemokine receptor that has been implicated in the pathogenesis of primary immunodeficiency disorders and cancer. Autosomal dominant gain-of-function truncations of CXCR4 are associated with warts, hypo-gammaglobulinemia, infections, and myelokathexis (WHIM) syndrome, a primary immunodeficiency disorder characterized by neutropenia and recurrent infections. Recent progress has implicated ...
Sokoro Abdulrazaq A H - - 2010
Mutations in the SLC25A15 gene, encoding the human inner mitochondrial membrane ornithine transporter, are thought to be responsible for hyperornithinemia-hyperammonemia-homocitrullinemia (HHH) syndrome, a rare autosomal recessive condition. HHH syndrome has been detected in several small, isolated communities in northern Saskatchewan (SK). To determine the incidence of HHH syndrome in these ...
Shimizu Reiko - - 2010
Peters Plus syndrome is a very rare autosomal recessive condition characterized by ocular defects (typically Peters anomaly) and other systemic major/minor anomalies. Mutations in the B3GALTL gene encoding beta 1,3-glucosyltransferase have been found in virtually all patients with typical Peters Plus syndrome. We report on a female patient with unusually ...
Rezaei Nima - - 2011
Johanson-Blizzard syndrome is a very rare autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in the Ubiquitin-Protein Ligase E3 Component N-Recognin 1 (UBR1) gene. The syndrome is characterized by exocrine pancreatic insufficiency and a wide range of additional clinical features, including aplasia or hypoplasia of the alae nasi, oligodontia, sensorineural hearing loss, ...
Fallahi Gholam Hossein - - 2011
Johanson-Blizzard syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder, characterized by exocrine pancreatic deficiency and a wide range of other abnormalities. We present here an infant with failure to thrive, exocrine pancreatic deficiency, short stature and developmental delay, cutis aplasia on the scalp, aplasia of alae nasi, hypospadias, hypothyroidism, myxomatous mitral ...
Du Xiaolan - - 2010
Apert syndrome is caused mainly by gain-of-function mutations of fibroblast growth factor receptor 2. We have generated a mouse model (Fgfr2(+/P253R)) mimicking human Apert syndrome resulting from fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 Pro253Arg mutation using the knock-in approach. This mouse model in general has the characteristic skull morphology similar to ...
Vincent Lisa M - - 2010
Griscelli syndrome (GS), a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by partial albinism and immunological impairment and/or severe neurological impairment, results from mutations in the MYO5A (GS1), RAB27A (GS2), or MLPH (GS3) genes. We identified a Hispanic patient born of a consanguineous union who presented with immunodeficiency, partial albinism, hepatic dysfunction, ...
Carvajal-Vergara Xonia X Department of Gene and Cell Medicine, Black Family Stem Cell Institute, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York 10029, USA. - - 2010
The generation of reprogrammed induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from patients with defined genetic disorders holds the promise of increased understanding of the aetiologies of complex diseases and may also facilitate the development of novel therapeutic interventions. We have generated iPSCs from patients with LEOPARD syndrome (an acronym formed from ...
Volk Alexander E - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Mutations in the gene CHN1 have been described in autosomal dominant Duane's retraction syndrome (DRS) and mutations have been shown to interfere with normal innervation of target eye muscles by oculomotor axons in chick embryos. We screened for CHN1 mutations in patients with various congenital ocular motility disorders. METHODS: ...
Boogerd Cornelis J J - - 2010
Holt-Oram syndrome (HOS) is a heart/hand syndrome clinically characterized by upper limb and cardiac malformations. Mutations in T-box transcription factor 5 (TBX5) underlie this syndrome, the majority of which lead to premature stops. In this study, we present our functional analyses of five (novel) missense TBX5 mutations identified in HOS ...
Lehman A M AM Department of Medical Genetics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, - - 2010
Ciliary disorders share typical features, such as polydactyly, renal and biliary cystic dysplasia, and retinitis pigmentosa, which often overlap across diagnostic entities. We report on two siblings of consanguineous parents and two unrelated children, both of unrelated parents, with co-occurrence of Joubert syndrome and Jeune asphyxiating thoracic dystrophy, an association ...
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