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Narayanan Shivakumar - - 2011
We present a case report of cryptococcal immune reconstitution syndrome (IRS), in a non HIV infected patient, which we treated with hydroxychloroquine with successful results. We briefly review cryptococcal IRS, possible mechanisms of action of hydroxychloroquine as an immunomodulatory agent, and its potential role in management of IRS.
Chao Hsiao-Tuan HT ]Department of Neuroscience, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, - - 2010
Mutations in the X-linked MECP2 gene, which encodes the transcriptional regulator methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MeCP2), cause Rett syndrome and several neurodevelopmental disorders including cognitive disorders, autism, juvenile-onset schizophrenia and encephalopathy with early lethality. Rett syndrome is characterized by apparently normal early development followed by regression, motor abnormalities, seizures and features ...
Dutt Shilpee S Division of Hematology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, - - 2011
Haploinsufficiency for ribosomal protein genes has been implicated in the pathophysiology of Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) and the 5q-syndrome, a subtype of myelodysplastic syndrome. The p53 pathway is activated by ribosome dysfunction, but the molecular basis for selective impairment of the erythroid lineage in disorders of ribosome function has not been ...
Kantaputra Piranit N - - 2010
Al-Awadi/Raas-Rothschild/Schinzel phocomelia (AARRS) syndrome, a rare autosomal recessive disorder, comprises malformations of upper and lower limbs with severely hypoplastic pelvis and abnormal genitalia. Mutations in WNT7A have been reported as cause of the syndrome. We report on two sisters in a Thai family with short and malformed long bones, absent ...
Martínez-Abadías Neus N Department of Anthropology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16803, - - 2010
Apert syndrome is a congenital disorder caused mainly by two neighboring mutations on fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2). Premature closure of the coronal suture is commonly considered the identifying and primary defect triggering or preceding the additional cranial malformations of Apert phenotype. Here we use two transgenic mouse models ...
Mir R - - 2010
We describe previously unreported features of anophthalmia/micropthalmia and multifocal dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumours (DNET) in a family with Noonan syndrome. Noonan syndrome (NS) is an autosomal dominant developmental disorder which is caused by aberrant up-regulated signalling through Ras GTPase. The proband has Noonan syndrome and presented with complex partial seizures. MRI ...
Graul-Neumann Luitgard M - - 2010
We report on a 25-year-old woman with pronounced generalized lipodystrophy and a progeroid aspect since birth, who also had Marfan syndrome (MFS; fulfilling the Ghent criteria) with mild skeletal features, dilated aortic bulb, dural ectasia, bilateral subluxation of the lens, and severe myopia in addition to the severe generalized lipodystrophy. ...
Schroer Richard J RJ Greenwood Genetic Center, Greenwood, South Carolina, USA. - - 2010
Christianson syndrome is an X-linked mental retardation syndrome characterized by microcephaly, impaired ocular movement, severe global developmental delay, hypotonia which progresses to spasticity, and early onset seizures of variable types. Gilfillan et al.2008] reported mutations in SLC9A6, the gene encoding the sodium/hydrogen exchanger NHE6, in the family first reported and ...
Barlow Jillian L JL MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, - - 2010
Myelodysplastic Syndromes (MDS) are a heterogeneous group of acquired clonal bone marrow disorders, characterised by ineffective hematopoiesis. The mechanisms underlying many of these blood disorders have remained elusive due to the difficulty in pinpointing specific gene mutations or haplo-insufficencies, which can occur within large deleted regions. However, there is an ...
Dauber Andrew - - 2010
We report the case of a 15-year-old girl who presented to a pediatric endocrinology clinic for delayed puberty with no signs of secondary sexual development. Her past medical history was significant for bilateral colobomas, inner-ear anomalies, hearing loss, and anosmia. Genetic testing revealed a novel de novo mutation in the ...
Rijntjes-Jacobs Esther G J - - 2010
The Schimmelpenning-Feuerstein-Mims (SFM) syndrome comprises a craniofacial nevus sebaceus, seizures, developmental delay, ocular and skeletal abnormalities. It is a sporadic condition and hypothesized to result from mosaicism involving a lethal autosomal dominant gene. We report a second occurrence of discordant monozygotic (MZ) twins with severe SFM, supporting the concept of ...
Zhang Junxian J Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neurology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, - - 2011
Mutations in GJB2, the gene encoding the human gap junction protein connexin26 (Cx26), cause either non-syndromic hearing loss or syndromes affecting both hearing and skin. We have investigated whether dominant Cx26 mutants can interact physically with wild type Cx26. HeLa cells stably expressing wild type Cx26 were transiently transfected to ...
Borck Guntram - - 2011
Warburg Micro syndrome and Martsolf syndrome are clinically overlapping autosomal recessive conditions characterized by congenital cataracts, microphthalmia, postnatal microcephaly, and developmental delay. The neurodevelopmental and ophthalmological phenotype is more severe in Warburg Micro syndrome in which cerebral malformations and severe motor and mental retardation are common. While biallelic loss-of-function mutations ...
Lahtela Jenni - - 2010
We report an autosomal recessive lethal syndrome characterized by multiple fetal malformations, the most obvious anomalies being the defective face and seemingly absent limbs, which are bound to the trunk and encased under the skin. We identified the molecular defect that causes this syndrome, using a combined strategy of gene-expression ...
Lloyd Brendan M - - 2011
Loeys-Dietz syndrome (LDS) results from mutations in the TGFBR1 or TGFBR2 genes and is known to cause aggressive cardiovascular disease, including aortic aneurysms and dissections at an early age. Currently, craniofacial, skeletal, and cardiovascular findings play an important role in early recognition of the disease. While many patients do have ...
Ben-Zeev B - - 2011
Rett syndrome (RTT) is an X-linked dominant postnatal severe and disabling neurodevelopmental disorder which is the second most common cause for genetic mental retardation in girls and the first pervasive disorder with a known genetic basis. The syndrome is primarily caused by mutations in the Methyl CpG binding protein 2 ...
Salsano Ettore - - 2011
We report the case of a 23-year-old Italian female harboring the rare m.3291T>C mutation in the MT-TL1 gene, that encodes the mitochondrial transfer RNA for leucine 1 (UUA/G). MT-TL1 mutations usually cause the MELAS (mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes) syndrome. Our patient, however, suffered from a non-syndromic mitochondrial ...
Chalabreysse L - - 2011
Dental agenesis is either syndromic or non-syndromic. Here, we describe a familial case with Carvajal/Naxos syndrome associating woolly hair, palmoplantar keratoderma, and biventricular dilated cardiomyopathy. In addition to these signs, all three affected family members had hypo/oligodontia ranging from absence of the lower left second molar to 15 missing teeth, ...
Dumić Miroslav - - 2011
The clinical and molecular data on triple A syndrome in two siblings (girl 3.5 years and boy 5.5 years at presentation) with early onset of neurological dysfunction are described. Both patients showed delayed developmental milestones and neurological dysfunctions (motor and sensory demyelinating neuropathy, marked hyperreflexia, calves hypothrophy, pes cavus, gait disturbance) in ...
Mizuno Yoko - - 2011
Congenital infection-like syndrome includes multiple disorders. Although novel syndromes have recently been described and their genetic defects identified, many cases remain unclassified. Here we report a patient with neuroradiologic findings of intracranial calcification and cerebellar hypoplasia, and clinical features of growth retardation, progressive pancytopenia, interstitial pneumonia, and immune abnormality. Our ...
Goicoechea de Jorge E - - 2010
Mutations in the complement factor H (CFH) gene are frequently associated with atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS). Hakobyan et al. have developed novel reagents that can rapidly determine the contribution of each CFH allele to the total plasma CFH pool, showing that low-expression CFH alleles are important risk factors for ...
Monnat Raymond J RJ Jr Department of Pathology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195-7705, USA. - - 2010
Helicases use the energy of ATP hydrolysis to separate double-stranded nucleic acids to facilitate essential processes such as replication, recombination, transcription and repair. This article focuses on the human RECQ helicase gene and protein family. Loss of function of three different members has been shown to cause Bloom syndrome (BS), ...
Kato Harunosuke - - 2010
Five familial cases exhibited ephelides-like multiple lentigines, and we examined three of them, a mother and two sons. All three patients presented with small dark-brown maculae on the face and neck and electrocardiographic abnormalities. These findings sufficed to fulfill the criteria for LEOPARD syndrome (multiple lentigines syndrome), although they lacked ...
Madan V - - 2010
We describe a patient with overlapping clinical features of Muckle-Wells syndrome and neonatal-onset multisystem inflammatory disease with an absence of mutation in exon 3 of the CIAS1 ⁄ PYPAF1 ⁄ NALP3 gene. Myelodysplasia and cerebrovascular accident were additional features in this patient, which to our knowledge have not been previously ...
Cakir M - - 2010
We described a Turkish girl with Chanarin-Dorfman syndrome who developed liver cirrhosis in the early infancy. She had all the clinical features of Chanarin-Dorfman syndrome such as ichthyosis, Jordan's anomaly, fatty liver disease and mild ectropion. The diagnosis was confirmed with a novel ABHD5 mutation. Liver steatosis or steatohepatitis with ...
Banka Siddharth - - 2010
Dursun syndrome is a triad of familial primary pulmonary hypertension, leucopenia, and atrial septal defect. Here we demonstrate that mutations in G6PC3 cause Dursun syndrome. Mutations in G6PC3 are known to also cause severe congenital neutropenia type 4. Identification of the genetic basis of Dursun syndrome expands the pre-existing knowledge ...
Urdinguio Rocio G - - 2010
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short non-coding RNA molecules that regulate post-transcriptional gene expression. They influence a wide range of physiological functions, including neuronal processes, and are regulated by various mechanisms, such as DNA methylation. This epigenetic mark is recognized by transcriptional regulators such as the methyl CpG binding protein Mecp2. Rett ...
Concolino D - - 2010
We report on three sibs who have autosomal recessive Clericuzio-type poikiloderma neutropenia (PN) syndrome. Recently, this consanguineous family was reported and shown to be informative in identifying the C16orf57 gene as the causative gene for this syndrome. Here we present the clinical data in detail. PN is a distinct and ...
Heise Carla - - 2010
Lenalidomide has demonstrated clinical activity in myelodysplastic syndromes, particularly in patients with a deletion in the long arm of chromosome 5 (del[5q] abnormality). It has a direct effect on the del(5q) clone, which may contribute to its ability to induce cytogenetic responses. Lenalidomide also stimulates erythropoiesis, leading to erythroid responses ...
Foppiani Luca - - 2010
Coloboma, heart defect, atresia choanae, retarded growth and development, genital hypoplasia, ear anomalies (CHARGE) syndrome is a genetic syndrome in which hypogonadism is a frequent feature. A causative mutation within the chromodomain helicase DNA-binding protein-7 gene, which plays an important role in the embryonic development, is present in 2/3 of ...
Haaxma Charlotte A - - 2010
Aicardi-Goutières syndrome is a rare, genetically determined encephalopathy often resembling congenital infection. Mutations in the TREX1 gene are found in approximately 25% of patients. Aicardi-Goutières syndrome is usually inherited as an autosomal recessive trait, although a single case of a heterozygous TREX1 mutation associated with the syndrome has been reported. ...
Chao Mwe Mwe - - 2010
Börjeson-Forssman-Lehmann syndrome (BFLS) is a rare X-linked mental retardation syndrome that is caused by germline mutations in PHF6. We describe a 9-year-old male with BFLS, who developed T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL). The PHF6 gene is located on the X chromosome and encodes a protein with two PHD-type zinc finger ...
Holmøy Trygve - - 2010
We describe a patient with apparently sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (SALS) with a novel g > c point mutation at position 382 in the SOD1 gene, leading to a substitution of glycine for arginine in amino acid position 127 (G127R). The disease presented with flaccid leg paresis, and progressed rapidly ...
Ito Etsuro - - 2010
Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) is a congenital anemia and a broad spectrum of developmental abnormalities that presents soon after birth. The anemia is due to a failure of erythropoiesis with normal platelet and myeloid lineages. Approximately 10-20% of DBA cases are inherited. Genetic studies have identified heterozygous mutations in at least ...
Veerapandiyan Aravindhan - - 2011
We report an adult male with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome and a germline BRCA2 mutation who developed T-cell monoclonal lymphoid proliferation involving the skin and a polyclonal proliferation of a retroperitoneal lymph node without any identifiable infectious and inflammatory causes. This is the first report of reactive lymphoid hyperplasia in the ...
Bouligand Jérôme - - 2010
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) is a crucial neurohormone regulating puberty and reproduction in non primate mammals, monkeys and humans. This neuropeptide is released in synchronized pulses from the nerve endings of several hundred GnRH neurons into the hypophyseal portal system to stimulate the biosynthesis and secretion of LH and FSH from ...
Waschbisch Anne - - 2011
Wolfram syndrome is a rare, autosomal recessive, neurodegenerative disorder presenting with the main clinical symptoms of childhood-onset diabetes mellitus, optic atrophy, diabetes insipidus and deafness (DIDMOAD). Later stages of the disease are dominated by neurological complications and death occurs early in life with a median life expectancy of 30 years. ...
Vanatka Radovan - - 2011
Winchester syndrome (WS) is a rare autosomal recessive syndrome resulting in multicentric osteolysis. Only a few cases of WS have been described in the literature worldwide. It has recently been shown to be caused by mutation in the gene encoding matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP2). We report a patient affected by WS ...
Kumánovics Attila - - 2010
The Job or hyper-immunoglobulinemia E syndrome is a primary immunodeficiency that is usually inherited in an autosomal dominant fashion. With the discovery of mutations in the STAT3 gene in the majority of autosomal dominant cases, it is now possible to make a molecular diagnosis of hyper-IgE syndrome. Both primary and ...
Ceresa Fabrizio - - 2010
Primary cardiac tumors are rarest form of cancer and the lipoma represent about 8% of these tumors. Cowden disease is a rare autosomal dominant disorder, associated to a germline mutation of the PTEN gene, characterized by multiple hamartomas and an increased risk of breast, thyroid and endometrial carcinomas. For the ...
Huang Sherry C SC Department of Pediatrics, University of California at San Diego, San Diego, California, - - 2011
Patients with hamartomatous polyposis syndromes have increased risk for colorectal cancer (CRC). Although progression of polyps to carcinoma is observed, pathogenic mechanisms remain unknown. The authors examined whether familial hamartomatous polyps harbor defects in DNA mismatch repair (MMR), and assayed for somatic mutation of PTEN, a gene inactivated in the ...
Rohrer Jonathan D JD Dementia Research Centre, Department of Neurodegenerative Disease, UCL Institute of Neurology, University College London, London, - - 2011
MAPT mutations are associated with disorders within the frontotemporal lobar degeneration spectrum. The usual presenting syndrome is behavioural variant frontotemporal dementia, although some patients present with parkinsonism. In a number of these cases the dominant clinical features have been consistent with a progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) syndrome. To describe a ...
Clements S E - - 2010
Rapp-Hodgkin syndrome (RHS) and Hay-Wells [also known as ankyloblepharon-ectodermal defects-cleft lip/palate (AEC)] syndrome have been designated as distinct ectodermal dysplasia syndromes despite both disorders having overlapping clinical features and the same mutated gene, TP63. To search for TP63 mutations in two unrelated cases of RHS and two of AEC syndrome ...
Le Gal François - - 2010
A boy with a clinical history of pharmacologically resistant Dravet syndrome died suddenly after falling asleep. The autopsy concluded that the cause of death was sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP). Postmortem molecular analysis of the SCN1A gene by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA), high-resolution melting curve analysis (HRMCA), and ...
Skerka Christine - - 2010
DEAP-HUS (deficiency of CFHR plasma proteins and factor H [FH] autoantibody positive hemolytic uremic syndrome [HUS]) is a new form of HUS characterized by a deletion of genes coding for FH-related proteins and the presence of autoantibodies directed to FH. These disease-associated autoantibodies inhibit FH (CFH) surface binding functions, which ...
Palladino Andrew A - - 2010
The hyperinsulinism/hyperammonemia (HI/HA) syndrome is the second most common form of congenital hyperinsulinism (HI). Children affected by this syndrome have both fasting and protein sensitive hypoglycemia combined with persistently elevated ammonia levels. Gain of function mutations in the mitochondrial enzyme glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) are responsible for the HI/HA syndrome. GDH ...
Villanueva-Mendoza Cristina - - 2010
PURPOSE: Blau syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant disorder characterized by early onset granulomatous arthritis, uveitis, skin rash and camptodactyly. We report a familial case of Blau syndrome associated with a CARD15/NOD2 mutation. METHODS: PCR amplification and automated DNA sequencing of the complete CARD15/NOD2 coding sequence was performed. RESULTS: Molecular ...
Martín Del Valle F - - 2011
Panayiotopoulos syndrome is encompassed in the classification of the ILAE in idiopathic focal epilepsies. Mutations in the SCN1A gene have been associated with the development of this syndrome. We present two cases of Panayiotopoulos syndrome in two monozygotic twins, who underwent a molecular analysis of SCN1A, but no alteration was ...
McGlaughlin Karen L - - 2010
Antley-Bixler syndrome (ABS) is an exceptionally rare craniosynostosis syndrome characterized by radiohumeral synostosis present from the perinatal period. There is a wide spectrum of anomalies seen within ABS, and other features include midface hypoplasia; choanal stenosis or atresia; multiple joint contractures; visceral anomalies, particularly of the genitourinary system; and impaired ...
Kato Mitushiro - - 2010
Ohtahara syndrome is one of the most severe and earliest forms of epilepsy and is frequently associated with brain malformations, such as hemimegalencephaly. Recently, longer expansion of the first polyalanine tract of ARX was found to be causative for Ohtahara syndrome without brain malformation, whereas premature termination mutations of ARX ...
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