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Maubaret Cécilia - - 2005
Usher syndrome is an autosomal recessive disease associating retinitis pigmentosa and neurosensory deafness. Three clinical types (USH1, USH2, USH3) and 11 mutated genes or loci have been described. Mutations in MYO7A and USH2A are responsible for about 40% and 60% of Usher syndromes type 1 and 2, respectively. These genes ...
Nakamura Miki - - 2005
Coffin-Lowry syndrome is an X-linked mental retardation disorder with dysmorphism caused by mutation of the ribosomal S6 kinase (RSK2) gene. Coffin-Lowry syndrome patients can experience unusual drop episodes whereby an abrupt loss of muscle tone and falling down can be induced by sudden, unexpected tactile or auditory stimuli. We detected ...
Giunta Cecilia - - 2005
We report on seven patients affected with Nevo syndrome, a rare, autosomal recessive disorder characterized by increased perinatal length, kyphosis, muscular hypotonia, and joint laxity. Since its first description by Nevo et al. [1974], only a few cases have been reported. Because some of these patients present clinical features similar ...
Aligianis Irene A - - 2005
Warburg Micro syndrome (WARBM1) is a severe autosomal recessive disorder characterized by developmental abnormalities of the eye and central nervous system and by microgenitalia. We identified homozygous inactivating mutations in RAB3GAP, encoding RAB3 GTPase activating protein, a key regulator of the Rab3 pathway implicated in exocytic release of neurotransmitters and ...
Chan I - - 2005
We report the clinical and molecular abnormalities in a 19-year-old woman with Rapp-Hodgkin ectodermal dysplasia syndrome. The physical features include mid-facial hypoplasia, uncombable hair, cleft palate and bifid uvula, lacrimal duct obstruction and dry skin. Sequencing of the p63 gene reveals a new heterozygous frameshift mutation, 1787delG, in exon 14. ...
Firulli Beth A BA Wells Center for Pediatric Research, James Whitcomb Riley Hospital for Children, Department of Pediatrics, Indiana Medical School, 1044 W. Walnut R4 371, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202-5225, USA. - - 2005
Autosomal dominant mutations in the gene encoding the basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor Twist1 are associated with limb and craniofacial defects in humans with Saethre-Chotzen syndrome. The molecular mechanism underlying these phenotypes is poorly understood. We show that ectopic expression of the related basic helix-loop-helix factor Hand2 phenocopies Twist1 loss of ...
Martin George M - - 2005
Single-gene mutations can produce human progeroid syndromes--phenotypes that mimic usual or "normative" aging. These can be divided into two classes--those that have their impacts upon multiple organs and tissues (segmental progeroid syndromes) and those that have their major impacts upon a single organ or tissue (unimodal progeroid syndromes). The prototypic ...
Inukai Kouichi - - 2005
Wolfram syndrome (WFS) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by early onset diabetes mellitus, progressive optic atrophy, sensorineural deafness and diabetes insipidus. Affected individuals may also have renal tract abnormalities as well as neurogical and psychiatric syndromes. WFS1 encoding a transmembrane protein was identified as the gene responsible for WFS. ...
Freundlich Michael - - 2005
Low-renin hypertension responsive to amiloride-thiazide therapy in a 4-year-old Afro-Haitian girl suggested Liddle syndrome. Urine steroid profiling substantiated the diagnosis and DNA analysis of the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) revealed a novel heterozygous beta ENaC mutation in the patient and in her hypertensive father. Liddle syndrome should be considered as ...
Rosé Carlos D - - 2005
Patients with sporadic early-onset granulomatous arthritis are clinically identical to Blau syndrome, but without the family history. Blau syndrome is an autosomal dominant inherited disease and is known to be caused by mutations in the CARD15 gene (also called NOD2). We investigated the hypothesis that an individual with sporadic early ...
Scala E - - 2005
Rett syndrome is a severe neurodevelopmental disorder, almost exclusively affecting females and characterised by a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations. Both the classic form and preserved speech variant of Rett syndrome are due to mutations in the MECP2 gene. Several other variants of Rett syndrome have been described. In 1985, ...
Hui Hamilton N T - - 2005
Laron syndrome, growth hormone (GH) insensitivity syndrome, caused by a mutation of the GH receptor (GHR) gene, is extremely rare in the Chinese population. We report a Chinese girl diagnosed with Laron syndrome at age 1.9 years with height -4.9 SDS, basal GH 344 mIU/ml, IGF-I <12 ng/ml, IGFBP-3 <0.2 ...
Ihara K - - 2005
We report a patient who was first diagnosed as having congenital carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase-1 (CPS-1) deficiency on the basis of significantly low CPS-1 activity in the liver at 1 year of age. We then started therapy against hyperammonaemia with little effect and, at the age of 15 years, we analysed the ...
Vasen H F A - - 2005
The Lynch syndrome [Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colorectal Cancer (HNPCC)] is a dominantly inherited syndrome characterized by the development of a variety of cancers including cancer of colorectum, endometrium, and less frequently, cancer of the small bowel, stomach, urinary tract, ovaries, and brain. The syndrome is due to a mutation in one ...
Ibrahimi Omar A OA Department of Pharmacology and the Institute of Reconstructive Plastic Surgery, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, - - 2005
Apert syndrome, first described in 1906, is one of the most severe of the craniosynostosis syndromes and is further characterized by midface hypoplasia, syndactyly, and other visceral abnormalities. Affected individuals generally require lifelong management by a multidisciplinary team of health care specialists. Apert syndrome results almost exclusively from one or ...
Kim Gene - - 2005
A 51-year-old woman with a history of uterine fibroids status post myomectomy and hysterectomy presented for evaluation and treatment of intermittently painful papules of the left shoulder. Histopathologic examination showed a proliferation of smooth muscle fascicles consistent with the diagnosis of cutaneous leiomyomas. Genetic sequencing demonstrated a novel mutation in ...
Celebi J T - - 2005
Atypical mole syndrome is a sporadic or an inherited condition with an increased risk of melanoma. Germline mutations in the CDKN2A, ARF, CDK4 and somatic mutations in the PTEN and BRAF genes have been associated with melanoma. In this study, we evaluated genes associated with familial and sporadic melanoma for ...
Harel Tamar - - 2005
Autosomal recessive Weissenbacher-Zweymuller syndrome (WZS) is a skeletal dysplasia characterized by rhizomelic dwarfism and severe hearing loss. Mutations in the COL11A2 gene have been implicated in causing the autosomal dominant form of this syndrome as well as non-ocular Stickler syndrome and the autosomal recessive syndrome otospondylomegaepiphyseal dysplasia (OSMED). In a ...
Evans Julie C - - 2005
Mutations in MECP2 are a cause of Rett syndrome. Recently, a new isoform of MeCP2 was described, which has an alternative N-terminus, transcribed from exon 1. We screened exon 1 and the promoter region of MECP2 in 97 mutation-negative Rett syndrome cases. We found two sequence variants, but there was ...
Ito Susumu - - 2005
OBJECT: The goal of this study was to elucidate the genotype-phenotype relationship in syndromic craniosynostoses by analyzing the mutations of the fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) gene and its clinical manifestations in patients, particularly those in atypical cases. METHODS: Twenty patients with craniosynostoses unrelated to Apert syndrome were enrolled in ...
Tartaglia Marco - - 2005
Noonan syndrome is a pleiomorphic autosomal dominant disorder with short stature, facial dysmorphia, webbed neck, and heart defects. In the past decade, progress has been made in elucidating the pathogenesis of this disorder using a positional cloning approach. Noonan syndrome is now known to be a genetically heterogeneous disorder with ...
Mantilla-Capacho J M - - 2005
The Apert syndrome is characterized by craniosynostosis and syndactyly of hands and feet. Although most cases are sporadic, an autosomal dominant mode of inheritance is well documented. Two mutations in the FGFR2 gene (Ser252Trp and Pro253Arg) account for most of the cases. We report a patient with a rare form ...
Bygum Anette - - 2005
Keratitis-ichthyosis-deafness syndrome is a rare genodermatosis, which has recently been connected with mutations in the connexin-26 gene, GJB2. We present a 15-year-old boy with erythroderma, hyperkeratotic plaques and deafness. Sequencing analysis showed a heterozygous missense mutation D50N (148G>A) in GJB2. The boy has not yet manifested characteristic eye lesions but ...
Kucinskas Laimutis - - 2005
Constitutional missense mutations in the WT1 gene are usually associated with Denys-Drash syndrome. This rare syndrome is characterized by a rapid progressive nephropathy, male pseudohermaphroditism, and an increased risk for Wilms tumor. We report on a patient with incomplete Denys-Drash syndrome, which was evident by the clinical data and proved ...
Cheron G - - 2005
Ataxia may result from various cerebellar cortex dysfunctions. It is included in the diagnostic criteria of Angelman syndrome, a human neurogenetic condition. In order to better understand the cerebellar dysfunction in this condition, we recorded in vivo cerebellar activity in a mouse model of Angelman syndrome produced by null mutation ...
Trost Stephanie - - 2005
Tumor necrosis factor receptor associated periodic syndrome (TRAPS) is an autosomic-dominant periodic syndrome associated with mutations in the extracellular domain of the 55 kDa TNF receptor. Clinically, episodes of severe myalgia, arthralgia/arthritis, sterile peritonitis, scrotal inflammation, serositis, migratory rash, conjunctivitis, and recurrent fever are characteristic. We describe a 9-year-old African ...
Katz Hary T - - 2005
The idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) developed in a 15-year-old boy who presented with colitis, cough, rash, and hepatitis. Molecular analysis failed to demonstrate the Fip1-like1-Platelet Derived Growth Factor Receptor alpha chain (FIP1L1-PDGFRA) mutation described in adult patients with HES. There are significant clinical differences between the pediatric and adult presentations ...
Correa-Cerro Lina S - - 2005
In the final step of cholesterol synthesis, 7-dehydrocholesterol reductase (DHCR7) reduces the double bond at C7-8 of 7-dehydrocholesterol to yield cholesterol. Mutations of DHCR7 cause Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (SLOS). Over 100 different mutations of DHCR7 have been identified in SLOS patients. SLOS is a classical multiple malformation, mental retardation syndrome, and ...
Hussain Khalid - - 2004
We describe the clinical features of a new syndrome causing hyperinsulinism in infancy (HI), severe enteropathy, profound sensorineural deafness, and renal tubulopathy in three children born to two pairs of consanguineous parents. This combination of clinical features is explained by a 122-kb contiguous gene deletion on the short arm of ...
Visootsak Jeannie - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To describe clinical and behavioral features of 10 men from 2 families with Borjeson-Forssman-Lehmann syndrome (BFLS) and missense mutations in the PHF6 zinc-finger transcription factor gene. STUDY DESIGN: BFLS behavioral features were compared with other age-matched men with other syndromes and similar intellectual functioning through the use of standardized ...
Aller E - - 2004
Usher syndrome type III is an autosomal recessive disorder clinically characterized by the association of retinitis pigmentosa (RP), variable presence of vestibular dysfunction and progressive hearing loss, being the progression of the hearing impairment the critical parameter classically used to distinguish this form from Usher syndrome type I and Usher ...
Tan M H - - 2004
Hyperparathyroidism-jaw tumor (HPT-JT) syndrome is a familial multi-tumor syndrome resulting from mutations in the HRPT2 tumor suppressor gene, which encodes a protein product named parafibromin. We review current knowledge of the renal manifestations of the HPT-JT syndrome, and examine recent advances in understanding the biological function of parafibromin.
Phupong Vorapong - - 2004
Crouzon Syndrome is an autosomal dominant syndromic craniosynostosis characterized by premature closure of cranial sutures, exophthalmos, and midface hypoplasia. It is caused by multiple mutations in the fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2). We describe prenatal genetic testing of FGFR2 in a fetus of a mother whose previous child had ...
Percy Alan K - - 2004
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: New information on the clinical and molecular aspects of Rett syndrome has emerged at an accelerated pace since the identification of mutations in methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 gene (MECP2) was first reported in 1999. Recent reports not only present new insights into the clinical and molecular understanding of ...
Aleck Kirk - - 2004
The origin of craniosynostosis is heterogeneous: hereditary, mechanical, teratogenic, and idiopathic. Craniosynostosis is further defined by the suture(s) involved and whether it is syndromic or nonsyndromic. Syndromic craniosynostosis typically involves cranial sutures plus central nervous system and extracranial skeletal changes. Nonsyndromic craniosynostosis is usually confined to cranial changes. The most ...
Duchatelet Sabine - - 2005
Eiken syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive skeletal dysplasia. We identified a truncation mutation in the C-terminal cytoplasmic tail of the parathyroid hormone (PTH)/PTH-related peptide (PTHrP) type 1 receptor (PTHR1) gene as the cause of this syndrome. Eiken syndrome differs from Jansen and Blomstrand chondrodysplasia and from enchondromatosis, which are ...
Ly Hoang - - 2004
A 36-year-old woman presented with lesions on her scalp, face and trunk. Histopathological examination of these lesions demonstrated facial trichoepithelioma, and scalp cylindroma. A solitary nodule on the trunk had features of cylindroma, spiradenoma and trichoepithelioma, a previously unreported occurrence. Based on the clinical picture, the diagnosis of Brooke-Spiegler syndrome ...
Chan I - - 2004
Several ectodermal dysplasia syndromes have been shown to result from mutations in the gene that encodes the transcription factor p63. We describe an 11-year-old boy, with clinically normal parents, who had a developmental disorder that resembled EEC (ectrodactyly ectodermal dysplasia-clefting) syndrome (OMIM 604292). He had ectrodactyly and missing middle fingers ...
de Heer Inge Marieke - - 2004
Saethre-Chotzen syndrome is a craniosynostosis syndrome characterized by facial and limb abnormalities. It is caused by mutations in the TWIST gene on chromosome 7p21. To date, more than 80 different mutations in TWIST have been reported in the literature.Recently, large deletions of chromosome 7p, encompassing the TWIST locus, have been ...
Amenta Styliani - - 2004
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma in an 8-year-old boy with Williams syndrome is reported. Molecular DNA analysis showed a maternal deletion at 7q11.23, the locus of elastin and several other genes, including the BCL7B gene, involved in early development. To our knowledge, this is the second reported case of a lymphoma in a ...
Hantaï Daniel - - 2004
Congenital myasthenic syndromes are a heterogeneous group of diseases caused by genetic defects affecting neuromuscular transmission. In this article, a strategy that leads to the diagnosis of congenital myasthenic syndromes is presented, and recent advances in the clinical, genetic and molecular aspects of congenital myasthenic syndrome are outlined. Besides the ...
Blons H - - 2004
Sensorineural hearing defect and goiter are common features of Pendred's syndrome. The clinical diagnosis of Pendred's syndrome remains difficult because of the lack of sensitivity and specificity of the thyroid signs. The identification of PDS as the causative gene allowed molecular screening and enabled a re-evaluation of the syndrome to ...
Trang Ha - - 2004
Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome, which is related to abnormal autonomic control of breathing and typically manifests at birth, was recently associated with PHOX2B gene mutations. In contrast, central hypoventilation with later onset constitutes a poorly defined group of unknown etiology. Here, we report on the identification of a de novo ...
Du Xiaobing - - 2004
The Werner and Bloom syndromes are caused by loss-of-function mutations in WRN and BLM, respectively, which encode the RecQ family DNA helicases WRN and BLM, respectively. Persons with Werner syndrome displays premature aging of the skin, vasculature, reproductive system, and bone, and those with Bloom syndrome display more limited features ...
Thiffault I - - 2004
Proteus syndrome is a complex hamartomatous disorder characterized by asymmetrical gigantism, epidermal nevi, vascular malformations, hamartomas, lipomas, and hyperostosis. Since the syndrome was first described, many hypotheses have been proposed to explain its occurrence. The most plausible is Happle's somatic mosaic hypothesis, but no somatic mutations in candidate genes have ...
Domènech Enric - - 2004
Wolfram syndrome (WS) is an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by early onset diabetes mellitus and progressive optic atrophy in the first decade of life. Other clinical features such as diabetes insipidus, deafness, renal tract abnormalities or psychiatric illnesses are often present. The sequence of the Wolfram syndrome gene (WFS1) ...
Kinjo Saori - - 2004
Allgrove syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by the triad of adrenal insufficiency, achalasia and alacrima. This syndrome, also known as triple A syndrome, is now known to be caused by mutations in the AAAS gene. In the present study, we report two new patients of Allgrove syndrome ...
Janssen Riny - - 2004
Chronic infantile neurologic, cutaneous, articular (CINCA) syndrome is a severe inflammatory disease that recently was associated with mutations in CIAS1. It was hypothesized that these mutations may lead to enhanced inflammatory responses. Herein, we provide evidence that inflammation in the CINCA syndrome is characterized by enhanced interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) and IL-18 ...
Maruo Yoshihiro Y Department of Pediatrics, Shiga University of Medical Science, Seta Tsukinowa, Otsu, Shiga, 520-2192, Japan. - - 2004
Gilbert syndrome is a mild hereditary unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia caused by mutations in the bilirubin UDP-glucuronosyltransferase gene (UGT1A1). The mutation, A(TA)7TAA, is thought to be the sole cause of the syndrome in Caucasians, but an enhancer polymorphism (T-3279G) that lowers transcriptional activity has recently been reported. We have tested the linkage ...
Keats Bronya J B - - 2004
Mutations in seven different genes have been associated with Usher syndrome, and an additional four loci have been mapped. The identified genes encode myosin VIIa, harmonin (a PDZ-domain protein), cadherin 23, protocadherin 15, sans (a scaffold-like protein), usherin and clarin. Three clinical types of Usher syndrome have been described: USH1 ...
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