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Percy Alan K - - 2005
Rett syndrome is a neurodevelopmental disorder that primarily affects girls, most of whom have mutations in the transcription regulatory gene MECP2. However, mutations in MECP2 also have been identified in normal carrier female individuals, female individuals with mild learning disabilities and features of Angelman syndrome, and male individuals with Klinefelter ...
Maintz Laura - - 2005
Keratitis-Ichthyosis-Deafness syndrome is a rare congenital disorder of the ectoderm caused by mutations in the connexin-26 gene (GJB2) on chromosome 13q11-q12, giving rise to keratitis, erythrokeratoderma and neurosensory deafness. We report the case of a 31-year-old black male diagnosed as having KID syndrome. Sequencing analysis showed a heterozygous missense mutation ...
Amir Ruthie E - - 2005
Most girls with Rett syndrome develop normally prior to the appearance of the typical symptoms. A presymptomatic phase is also observed in many inborn errors of metabolism that are included in newborn screening programs. Diagnostic testing for mutations or large genomic rearrangements involving methyl-CpG binding protein 2 gene (MECP2) is ...
Zoghbi Huda Y - - 2005
Rett syndrome is a leading cause of postnatal neurodevelopmental regression. Rett syndrome is caused by mutations in MECP2, the gene encoding methyl-CpG binding protein 2. In up to 96% of all classic cases, Rett syndrome cases are caused by mutations or deletions in MECP2. The phenotypic spectrum of MECP2 mutations ...
Faravelli Francesca - - 2005
Sotos syndrome is a genetic disorder characterized by a typical facial appearance, macrocephaly, accelerated growth, developmental delay, and a variable range of associated abnormalities. The NSD1 gene was recently found to be responsible for Sotos syndrome, and more than 150 patients with NSD1 alterations have been identified. A significant ethnic ...
Rantamäki Maria T - - 2005
The 8993T-->C mutation in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) has been described previously to be associated with infantile- or childhood-onset phenotypes, ranging from Leigh's syndrome to neurogenic weakness, ataxia, and retinitis pigmentosa syndrome. We report a kindred with adult-onset slowly progressive ataxia and polyneuropathy and with the heteroplasmic 8993T-->C mutation. Our findings ...
Bigozzi M - - 2005
Although the textbook view of the Pendred syndrome is that of an autosomal recessive condition characterised by deafness and goitre, it is increasingly clear that not all patients present this classical clinical description. Malform-ations of the inner ear, specifically, enlargement of the vestibular aqueduct, are common in the Pendred syndrome. ...
D'Amico A - - 2005
Dropped head syndrome is characterized by severe weakness of neck extensor muscles with sparing of the flexors. It is a prominent sign in several neuromuscular conditions, but it may also be an isolated feature with uncertain aetiology. We report two children in whom prominent weakness of neck extensor muscles is ...
de Boer Lonneke - - 2005
AIM: Nuclear receptor-binding SET domain-containing protein 1 (NSD1) gene mutations and deletions (NSD1+/-) are the major cause of Sotos syndrome. The aim was to investigate which auxology parameters relate to NSD1+/- in patients clinically suspected of Sotos syndrome. METHODS: In 32 patients clinically suspected of Sotos syndrome, we compared auxology ...
Oberoi Snehlata - - 2005
We report on two new cases of oculofaciocardiodental (OFCD) syndrome characterized by cataracts, microphthalmia, facial anomalies, cleft palate, cardiac septal defects, and canine radiculomegaly. We also review previous patients. The syndrome is caused by mutations in the BCOR gene, which maps to Xp11.4. Mutational analysis in one of our patients ...
Hidalgo-Bravo Alberto - - 2005
Otopalatodigital syndrome type 1 (OPD1) [OMIM 311300] is an X-linked dominant multiple congenital anomalies disease mainly characterized by a generalized skeletal dysplasia, mild mental retardation, hearing loss, cleft palate, and typical facial anomalies. OPD1 belongs to a group of X-linked skeletal dysplasias known as oto-palato-digital syndrome spectrum disorders that also ...
Comstock Jessica M - - 2005
Cryptophthalmos may be partial or complete, unilateral or bilateral, apparently nonsyndromal or syndromal. A recent study of 2 stillborn infants at the University of Utah prompted an analysis of the developmental aspects of the syndromal form (Fraser syndrome). We conclude that, per se, cryptophthalmos is a developmental field defect on ...
Waye John S - - 2005
Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (SLOS) is an autosomal recessive, multiple congenital anomaly syndrome caused by deficiency of 7-dehydrocholesterol reductase (DHCR7), which catalyzes the last step of endogenous cholesterol synthesis. Surveys of SLOS patients have identified more than one hundred point mutations of the DHCR7 gene, most of which are missense mutations. Here, ...
Ferguson P J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Majeed syndrome is an autosomal recessive, autoinflammatory disorder characterised by chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis and congenital dyserythropoietic anaemia. The objectives of this study were to map, identify, and characterise the Majeed syndrome causal gene and to speculate on its function and role in skin and bone inflammation. METHODS: Six ...
Shotelersuk V - - 2005
Conradi-Hünermann-Happle syndrome, also known as X-linked dominant chondrodysplasia punctata (CDPX2), is characterized by skeletal abnormalities, cutaneous anomalies and cataracts. CDPX2 is caused by mutations in the emopamil-binding protein (EBP). We report two unrelated Thai female patients with clinically typical CDPX2, in which we discovered two novel and de novo frameshift ...
Ochs Hans D - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Mutations of the Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein can result in highly variable clinical symptoms that affect the hematopoietic/immunologic system. The responsible gene, WASP, has multiple domains, each with unique functions that were only recently fully recognized. RECENT FINDINGS: Two new comprehensive studies of patients with mutations of the ...
Hoffman-Sommer Marta - - 2005
Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (HPS) is a rare disorder caused by malfunctions of lysosomes and specialized lysosome-related organelles, resulting primarily in oculocutaneous albinism and bleeding diathesis. The majority of the HPS genes have been described as novel, but herein we report the identification of a conserved protein family which includes human HPS4, ...
Sprecher Eli - - 2005
Neurocutaneous syndromes represent a vast, largely heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by neurological and dermatological manifestations, reflecting the common embryonic origin of epidermal and neural tissues. In the present report, we describe a novel neurocutaneous syndrome characterized by cerebral dysgenesis, neuropathy, ichthyosis, and keratoderma (CEDNIK syndrome). Using homozygosity mapping in ...
Van Maldergem L - - 2006
Baller-Gerold syndrome (BGS) is a rare autosomal recessive condition with radial aplasia/hypoplasia and craniosynostosis (OMIM 218600). Of >20 cases reported so far, a few appear atypical and have been reassigned to other nosologic entities, including Fanconi anaemia, Roberts SC phocomelia, and Pfeiffer syndromes after demonstration of corresponding cytogenetic or molecular ...
Bauer A J - - 2005
Familial lentiginosis syndromes cover a wide phenotypic spectrum ranging from a benign inherited predisposition to develop cutaneous lentigines unassociated with systemic disease, to associations with several syndromes carrying increased risk of formation of hamartomas, hyperplasias, and other neoplasms. The molecular pathways involved in the aetiology of these syndromes have recently ...
Barker Karen T - - 2006
Germline mutations in Fumarate Hydratase (FH) cause the development of leiomyomas and leiomyosarcomas in the syndromes Multiple Cutaneous and Uterine Leiomyomata (MCUL1) and Hereditary Leiomyomatosis and Renal Cell Cancer (HLRCC). There is little evidence, however, that FH mutation plays a role in the development of sporadic leiomyomas or leiomyosarcomas. Such ...
Kleefstra T - - 2005
X-linked mental retardation (XLMR) is a very heterogeneous condition, subdivided in two categories mainly based on clinical features: syndromic XLMR (MRXS) and non-syndromic XLMR (MRX). Although it was thought that 20-25% of mental retardation (MR) in males was caused by monogenetic X-linked factors, recent estimations are lower: in the range ...
Morava E - - 2005
Joubert syndrome is a genetically heterogeneous disorder. The diagnostic criteria include episodic hyperventilation, abnormal eye movements, psychomotor retardation, hypotonia, ataxia, and the characteristic neuro-imaging findings (molar-tooth sign). Many of these clinical features have been observed in new-borns with mitochondrial disorders as well. Congenital brain malformations, including cerebellar hypoplasia, have been ...
Davidzon Guido - - 2005
Alpers-Huttenlocher syndrome (AHS) an autosomal recessive hepatocerebral syndrome of early onset, has been associated with mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) depletion and mutations in polymerase gamma gene (POLG). We have identified POLG mutations in four patients with hepatocerebral syndrome and mtDNA depletion in liver, who fulfilled criteria for AHS. All were compound ...
Kanemura Yonehiro - - 2005
We report here the first case of an L1CAM gene mutation identified in mental retardation, adducted thumbs, shuffling gait, and aphasia (MASA) syndrome in Japan. The patient was a 10-year-old boy with mild mental retardation, bilateral adducted thumbs and corpus callosum hypoplasia. His family had no history of MASA syndrome. ...
Baumeister F A M - - 2005
Pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration (PKAN), formerly Hallervorden-Spatz syndrome, is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by extrapyramidal dysfunction as demonstrated by dystonia, rigidity, and choreoathetosis. Iron deposition in conjunction with destruction of the globus pallidus gives rise to the characteristic eye-of-the-tiger sign in MRI. It has been postulated that pantothenate kinase ...
Ben-Arie-Weintrob Yael - - 2005
This paper reviews the published histopathologic findings of patients with retinitis pigmentosa (RP) or an allied disease in whom the responsible gene defect was identified, including 10 cases with dominant RP (cases with mutations in RHO, PRPC8, and RP1), three with dominant spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA7), three X-linked RP carrier females ...
De Baere Elfride - - 2005
Recently the molecular basis of the blepharophimosis-ptosis-epicanthus inversus-syndrome (BPES), an autosomal dominant developmental disorder of the eyelids and ovary, was elucidated. This syndromic form of premature ovarian failure (POF) is caused by mutations in the gene encoding the forkhead transcription factor FOXL2. In this manuscript we review the clinical features ...
Arnaud Philippe - - 2005
Imprinted genes play important roles in the regulation of growth and development, and several have been shown to influence behavior. Their allele-specific expression depends on inheritance from either the mother or the father, and is regulated by "imprinting control regions" (ICRs). ICRs are controlled by DNA methylation, which is present ...
Young Jacques - - 2005
Particular forms of polycystic ovary syndrome with severe hyperandrogenism, acanthosis nigricans, and marked insulin resistance, defining the type A insulin resistance syndrome, are due to insulin receptor gene mutations. However, the majority of affected individuals do not have such mutation, arguing for the genetic heterogeneity of this syndrome. The familial ...
Pawlu Chr - - 2005
Pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma are tumors of the autonomic nervous system. Various syndromes have been found to be associated with the development of pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas: multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN 2, susceptibility gene: RET), von Hippel-Lindau disease (VHL, susceptibility gene: VHL), neurofibromatosis 1 (NF 1), and paraganglioma syndromes type ...
Schwartz Charles E - - 2005
Allan-Herndon-Dudley syndrome was among the first of the X-linked mental retardation syndromes to be described (in 1944) and among the first to be regionally mapped on the X chromosome (in 1990). Six large families with the syndrome have been identified, and linkage studies have placed the gene locus in Xq13.2. ...
Feldman Brian J - - 2005
The syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) is a common cause of hyponatremia. We describe two infants whose clinical and laboratory evaluations were consistent with the presence of SIADH, yet who had undetectable arginine vasopressin (AVP) levels. We hypothesized that they had gain-of-function mutations in the V2 vasopressin receptor ...
Milani Donatella - - 2005
Rett syndrome and Angelman syndrome are two neurodevelopmental disorders characterized by partial overlapping features. Rett syndrome is frequently caused by a mutation in methyl-CpG-binding protein (MECP2) gene, localized on chromosome Xq28, whereas Angelman syndrome is frequently caused by different genetic anomalies at chromosome 15q11-q13 (deletions, uniparental disomy, imprinting center mutations, ...
Nakamura Yukio - - 2005
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Meningioma arising in Werner syndrome has been described previously, but never in association with a mutation analysis. We present the first reported case of meningioma in a patient with Werner syndrome and a confirmed major mutation. In addition, we review 27 previously reported patients with meningioma associated ...
Sadeghi Mehdi - - 2005
The aims were to compare the genotype/phenotype relationship between USH3 mutations and the consequent hearing and vestibular phenotype; and to compare hearing loss (HL) progression between Usher syndrome types IB, IIA and USH3. Genetic, audiometric and vestibular examinations were performed in 28 subjects with USH3. Five different mutations in USH3 ...
Kellermayer Richard - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Mutations of the human helicase gene RECQL4 have been identified in a subset of patients with Rothmund-Thomson syndrome (RTS) and in children with the diagnosis of RAPADILINO syndrome (RAdial hypoplasia/aplasia, PAtellar hypoplasia/aplasia, cleft or highly arched PAlate, DIarrhea and DIslocated joints, LIttle size [>2 SDs below the mean in ...
Hearn Tom - - 2005
Alström syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in a novel gene of unknown function, ALMS1. Central features of Alström syndrome include obesity, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes, and therefore investigating ALMS1 function stands to offer new insights into the pathogenesis of these common conditions. To ...
Horn Denise - - 2005
Oculo-facio-cardio-dental (OFCD) syndrome is a rare X-linked dominant condition with male lethality characterized by microphthalmia, congenital cataracts, facial dysmorphic features, congenital heart defects, and dental anomalies. Mutations in BCOR (BCL6 co-repressor) located in Xp11.4 have been described to cause OFCD syndrome. Lenz microphthalmia syndrome is inherited in an X-linked recessive ...
Cecconi M - - 2005
Sotos syndrome is characterized by pre- and post-natal overgrowth, typical craniofacial features, advanced bone age, and developmental delay. Some degree of phenotypic overlap exists with other overgrowth syndromes, in particular with Weaver syndrome. Sotos syndrome is caused by haploinsufficiency of the NSD1 (nuclear receptor SET domain containing gene 1) gene. ...
D'Alessandro Virginia - - 2005
Most children with idiopathic central hypoventilation have symptoms at birth or shortly thereafter and have mutations of the PHOX2B gene. Those whose symptoms appear later usually have obesity and hypothalamic abnormalities. We describe a case of a boy who presented at 5 years of age with severe idiopathic central hypoventilation, ...
Vega Hugo - - 2005
Roberts syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by craniofacial anomalies, tetraphocomelia and loss of cohesion at heterochromatic regions of centromeres and the Y chromosome. We identified mutations in a new human gene, ESCO2, associated with Roberts syndrome in 15 kindreds. The ESCO2 protein product is a member of a ...
van Bokhoven Hans - - 2005
Feingold syndrome is characterized by variable combinations of esophageal and duodenal atresias, microcephaly, learning disability, syndactyly and cardiac defect. We show here that heterozygous mutations in the gene MYCN are present in Feingold syndrome. All mutations are predicted to disrupt both the full-length protein and a new shortened MYCN isoform, ...
Kim Sung Hee - - 2005
The branchio-oto-renal (BOR) syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by the association of branchial cysts or fistulae, external ear malformation and/or preauricular pits, hearing loss, and renal anomalies. Mutations in the EYA1 gene on the chromosome band 8q13.3, the human homologue of the Drosophila eyes absent (eya) gene, have ...
Slavotinek Anne M - - 2005
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a common birth defect with a high mortality and morbidity. A clear understanding of the pathogenesis of CDH is critical for determining prognosis and planning treatment, but to date, information on the genetic etiology of both nonsyndromic and syndromic CDH is limited. This paper summarizes ...
Thiel Christian T - - 2005
A number of different disorders involving first and second branchial arch anomalies have been described as distinct entities, including Treacher-Collins-Franceschetti syndrome, Goldenhar syndrome, Nager syndrome and Miller syndrome. The significant phenotypic overlap between these disorders raises the issue of a common developmental origin. After the identification of mutations in TCOF1 ...
Hentgen Véronique - - 2005
Among hereditary inflammatory disorders, Muckle-Wells syndrome, chronic infantile neurological cutaneous and articular syndrome (CINCA), and familial cold urticaria have recently been shown to be caused by dominantly inherited mutations in the CIAS1 gene. Reports suggest that these 3 diseases result from distinct missense mutations, with very few overlapping symptoms. We ...
White Sharon J SJ Epithelial Genetics Group, Human Genetics Unit, University of Dundee, Ninewells Medical School, UK. - - 2005
Kindler syndrome is an autosomal recessive genodermatosis characterized by acral blistering in neonates and diffuse, progressive poikiloderma in later life. Other clinical features include photosensitivity, premature skin ageing and severe periodontal disease. Two groups have recently shown that the molecular basis of Kindler syndrome is loss of a novel epidermal ...
Fath Melissa A - - 2005
McKusick-Kaufman syndrome (MKS) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by post-axial polydactyly, congenital heart defects and hydrometrocolpos, a congenital structural abnormality of female genitalia. Mutations in the MKKS gene have also been shown to cause some cases of Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) which is characterized by obesity, pigmentary retinopathy, polydactyly, renal ...
Zankl A - - 2005
The inherited osteolysis syndromes are a heterogeneous group of skeletal disorders whose classification is still uncertain. Three osteolysis syndromes show autosomal recessive inheritance and multicentric involvement: Torg syndrome (OMIM 259600), Winchester syndrome (OMIM 277950) and Nodulosis-Arthropathy-Osteolysis syndrome (NAO; OMIM 605156). The 2001 Nosology of the International Skeletal Dysplasia Society (Hall ...
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