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Vezzoli Giuseppe - - 2006
Type 5 Bartter syndrome has been recently defined as a Bartter syndrome due to the most activating mutations of the calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR). It has been attributed to the inhibition exerted by CaSR activity on sodium transport in the thick ascending limb of the loop of Henle (TALH). Two monozygotic ...
Bicknell Louise S - - 2007
Larsen syndrome is an autosomal dominant osteochondrodysplasia characterised by large-joint dislocations and craniofacial anomalies. Recently, Larsen syndrome was shown to be caused by missense mutations or small inframe deletions in FLNB, encoding the cytoskeletal protein filamin B. To further delineate the molecular causes of Larsen syndrome, 20 probands with Larsen ...
Van Camp Guy - - 2006
Stickler syndrome is characterized by ophthalmic, articular, orofacial, and auditory manifestations. It has an autosomal dominant inheritance pattern and is caused by mutations in COL2A1, COL11A1, and COL11A2. We describe a family of Moroccan origin that consists of four children with Stickler syndrome, six unaffected children, and two unaffected parents ...
Woods C G - - 2006
Fuhrmann syndrome and the Al-Awadi/Raas-Rothschild/Schinzel phocomelia syndrome are considered to be distinct limb-malformation disorders characterized by various degrees of limb aplasia/hypoplasia and joint dysplasia in humans. In families with these syndromes, we found homozygous missense mutations in the dorsoventral-patterning gene WNT7A and confirmed their functional significance in retroviral-mediated transfection of ...
Kato Mitsuhiro - - 2006
Symptomatic West syndrome has heterogeneous backgrounds. Recently, two novel genes, ARX and CDKL5, have been found to be responsible for cryptogenic West syndrome or infantile spasms. Both are located in the human chromosome Xp22 region and are mainly expressed and play roles in fetal brain. Moreover, several genes responsible for ...
Sakaki-Yumoto Masayo - - 2006
Mutations in SALL4, the human homolog of the Drosophila homeotic gene spalt (sal), cause the autosomal dominant disorder known as Okihiro syndrome. In this study, we show that a targeted null mutation in the mouse Sall4 gene leads to lethality during peri-implantation. Growth of the inner cell mass from the ...
Janel Nathalie - - 2006
Patients with Down syndrome appear to be protected from the development of atherosclerosis. On the contrary, hyperhomocysteinemia is associated with an increased risk for atherosclerosis. As hyperhomocysteinemia due to cystathionine beta synthase deficiency is associated with a decreased expression of paraoxonase-1, a major anti-atherosclerotic component secreted by the liver, we ...
Ferland Russell J RJ Department of Biology, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies, Troy, New York, - - 2006
We report here on the first case of a child with bilateral periventricular nodular heterotopia (PNH) and Williams syndrome. Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) analyses demonstrated a deletion of the elastin gene in the Williams syndrome critical region (WSCR). Further mapping by loss of heterozygosity analysis both by microsatellite marker ...
Kleefstra Tjitske - - 2006
A clinically recognizable 9q subtelomeric deletion syndrome has recently been established. Common features seen in these patients are severe mental retardation, hypotonia, brachycephaly, flat face with hypertelorism, synophrys, anteverted nares, cupid bow or tented upper lip, everted lower lip, prognathism, macroglossia, conotruncal heart defects, and behavioral problems. The minimal critical ...
Sun Joannie D - - 2006
Netherton syndrome is a rare disorder inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern consisting of ichthyosiform dermatosis, hair shaft abnormalities (trichorrhexis invaginata), and an atopic diathesis. Patients with Netherton syndrome have been found to have a mutation on chromosome 5q32 in a gene named SPINK5 (serine protease inhibitor, Kazal type-5), which ...
Mari Francesca - - 2006
Blepharophimosis-ptosis-epicanthus inversus syndrome (OMIM #U10100) is a rare autosomal-dominant disorder in which an eyelid malformation is associated (type I) or not (type H) with premature ovarian failure in the affected female. It is invariably characterized by 4 major features: (1) bilaterally shortened horizontal palpebral fissure (blepharophimosis); (2) severe impairment of ...
Loffeld A - - 2006
A 3-year-old boy with Proteus syndrome has a novel germline p.Y68D mutation of the PTEN gene inherited from his mother who has Cowden syndrome. In addition, DNA extracted from curettings of his widespread epidermal naevus shows loss of heterozygosity for this mutation. To our knowledge, this has not been described ...
Alanay Yasemin - - 2006
Larsen syndrome is an autosomal-dominant disorder characterized by multiple joint dislocations, vertebral anomalies and dysmorphic facies. Both autosomal-dominant and autosomal-recessive forms of the disorder have been proposed. Individuals with autosomal-dominant Larsen syndrome have characteristic "cylindrical-shape" thumbs caused by broad, shortened phalanges. Autosomal-dominant Larsen syndrome results from heterozygosity for mutations in ...
Rinne Tuula - - 2006
The ADULT syndrome (Acro-Dermato-Ungual-Lacrimal-Tooth, OMIM 103285) is a rare ectodermal dysplasia associated with limb malformations and caused by heterozygous mutations in p63. ADULT syndrome has clinical overlap with other p63 mutation syndromes, such as EEC (OMIM 604292), LMS (OMIM 603543), AEC (106260), RHS (129400) and SHFM4 (605289). ADULT syndrome characteristics ...
Huppke P - - 2006
Rett syndrome, a common cause of mental retardation in females, is caused by mutations in the MECP2 gene. Most females with MECP2 mutations fulfil the established clinical criteria for Rett syndrome, but single cases of asymptomatic carriers have been described. It is therefore likely that there are individuals falling between ...
Valente Enza Maria - - 2006
Joubert syndrome-related disorders (JSRD) are a group of syndromes sharing the neuroradiological features of cerebellar vermis hypoplasia and a peculiar brainstem malformation known as the 'molar tooth sign'. We identified mutations in the CEP290 gene in five families with variable neurological, retinal and renal manifestations. CEP290 expression was detected mostly ...
Ropers Hans-Hilger - - 2006
X-linked mental retardation (XLMR) is a common cause of moderate to severe intellectual disability in males. XLMR is very heterogeneous, and about two-thirds of patients have clinically indistinguishable non-syndromic (NS-XLMR) forms, which has greatly hampered their molecular elucidation. A few years ago, international consortia overcame this impasse by collecting DNA ...
Li Wei - - 2006
Hermansky-Pudlak Syndrome (HPS) is a genetically heterogeneous disorder characterized by oculocutaneous albinism and prolonged bleeding due to abnormal vesicle trafficking to lysosomes and related organelles such as melanosomes and platelet dense granules. This HPS database (HPSD; http://liweilab.genetics.ac.cn/HPSD/) provides integrated, annotatory, and curative data that is distributed in a variety of ...
Bienvenu Thierry - - 2006
Since the description of Rett syndrome, only a handful of epidemiologic studies based only on clinical investigation have been reported. Mutations in the MECP2 gene are associated with Rett syndrome and French laboratories have organized a clinical and molecular network to investigate the incidence of Rett syndrome in France including ...
Lam Y Y - - 2006
We report on the first Chinese patient with triple-A syndrome, who presented at 22 months with status epilepticus secondary to hyponatraemia and hypoglycaemia. Subsequent endocrine investigations confirmed primary adrenal insufficiency and aldosterone deficiency. In the presence of achalasia and alacrima, this patient satisfies the diagnostic criteria of triple-A syndrome. Further ...
Feldmeyer L - - 2006
Neonatal ichthyosis-sclerosing cholangitis (NISCH) syndrome, a rare autosomal recessive ichthyosis syndrome characterized by scalp hypotrichosis, scarring alopecia, ichthyosis, and sclerosing cholangitis, was described for the first time in 2002. It is caused by a mutation in the gene coding for the tight junction protein claudin-1. Only four patients carrying the ...
Arenas-Sordo María de la Luz Mde - - 2006
Cockayne s syndrome is a genetic disorder with a recessive autosomal inheritance, described first by Cockayne in 1936. Patients with this syndrome present failure to thrive, short stature, premature aging, neurological alterations, photosensitivity, delayed eruption of the primary teeth, congenitally absent of some permanent teeth, partial macrodontia, atrophy of the ...
Toydemir Reha M - - 2006
The genetic basis of most conditions characterized by congenital contractures is largely unknown. Here we show that mutations in the embryonic myosin heavy chain (MYH3) gene cause Freeman-Sheldon syndrome (FSS), one of the most severe multiple congenital contracture (that is, arthrogryposis) syndromes, and nearly one-third of all cases of Sheldon-Hall ...
Zweier Christiane - - 2006
Mowat-Wilson syndrome is a recently delineated severe mental retardation, multiple congenital anomalies syndrome caused by dominant nonsense or frameshift mutations, deletions or translocations of the zinc finger homeobox 1B gene (ZFHX1B). We report on a patient with exceptional mild phenotype caused by a novel and unusual splice mutation in the ...
Musio Antonio - - 2006
Cornelia de Lange syndrome is a multisystem developmental disorder characterized by facial dysmorphisms, upper limb abnormalities, growth delay and cognitive retardation. Mutations in the NIPBL gene, a component of the cohesin complex, account for approximately half of the affected individuals. We report here that mutations in SMC1L1 (also known as ...
Marton E - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Werner Syndrome, or adult progeria, is a rare autosomal recessive disorder caused by a mutation in the Werner Syndrome Gene belonging to the family of RecQ helicase. Malignant mesenchymal tumours and atherosclerosis are typical causes of death. Intracranial meningiomas are frequently described in these patients. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: We present ...
Hearle N C M - - 2006
Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) is a rare, autosomal dominant cancer predisposition syndrome characterised by oro-facial pigmentation and hamartomatous polyposis of the gastrointestinal tract. A causal germline mutation in STK11 can be identified in 30% to 80% of PJS patients. Here we report the comprehensive mutational analysis of STK11 in 38 PJS ...
Roifman Chaim M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Omenn syndrome is a variant of severe combined immunodeficiency disease, which most prominently presents with erythroderma, eosinophilia, and susceptibility to various pathogens. Mutations in the nucleases of recombination activating genes 1 and 2 (RAG1/RAG2) or Artemis were found in some, but not all, patients with Omenn syndrome. We identified ...
Aslan Deniz - - 2006
A 7-month-old Turkish boy presented with partial albinism and typical clinical features of an accelerated phase, suggesting the diagnosis of Griscelli syndrome. The diagnosis was confirmed by light microscopic evaluation of hair and a peripheral blood smear. Genetic analysis identified a mutation in the Rab27A gene. He was initiated immunosuppressive ...
Ballester Leomar Y - - 2006
Mutations in KCNJ2, the gene encoding the human inward rectifier potassium channel Kir2.1, have been identified in Andersen syndrome (or Andersen-Tawil syndrome), an inherited disorder characterized by periodic paralysis, cardiac arrhythmias, and dysmorphic features. We identified and characterized two novel KCNJ2 mutations (c.220A>G/p.T74A and c.443G>C/p.G144A) associated with Andersen syndrome. Heterologous ...
Milunsky J M - - 2006
Lacrimo-auriculo-dento-digital syndrome [LADD (MIM 149730)] is an autosomal-dominant multiple congenital anomaly disorder characterized by aplasia, atresia or hypoplasia of the lacrimal and salivary systems, cup-shaped ears, hearing loss, and dental and digital anomalies. Loss of function mutations in FGF10 were recently described in aplasia of the lacrimal and salivary glands ...
Nakamura Motohiro - - 2006
Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker Syndrome (GSS) is a rare, infectious syndrome related to a mutation in the prion protein. A 60-yr-old, 152-cm, 31-kg woman with GSS was scheduled for open gastrostomy. This is the first report about an anesthetic experience in a patient with GSS. We describe our experience and precautions in the ...
McGaughran Julie - - 2006
We present a case of Beare-Stevenson syndrome with a broad range of phenotypic features including craniosynostosis, cutis gyrata, choanal stenosis, bifid scrotum with perineal hypospadias and a caudal appendage. The paternal age at the time of conception was 62 years consistent with a paternal age effect. Mutation analysis was undertaken ...
Kostera-Pruszczyk Anna - - 2006
The rigid spine syndrome is a disorder characterized by proximal muscle weakness and limitation in flexion of the cervical and dorsolumbar spine. Such phenotype may be caused by a variety of hereditary myopathies. We present the case of a 15-years-old boy with rigid spine syndrome and severe restrictive respiratory changes. ...
Rojo A - - 2006
The 8993 T>G mutation in mitochondrial DNA has been associated with variable syndromes of differing severity ranging from maternally inherited Leigh's syndrome (MILS) to neuropathy, ataxia, retinitis pigmentosa (NARP), depending on the mutation loads in affected patients. We report a kindred with several members in the same generation suffering NARP ...
Robertson Laila - - 2006
This study compared the behavior profile of cases in the Australian Rett Syndrome Database (ARSD) with those in a British study using the Rett Syndrome Behavior Questionnaire (RSBQ) and then examined behavioral patterns as measured by the RSBQ by genetic status. There were 145 Australian cases meeting the criteria for ...
Rouzier C - - 2006
The 2001 International Classification of Constitutional Disorders of Bone has included in the group of multicentric hands and feet osteolysis syndromes three autosomal recessive inherited disorders: Winchester, Torg and nodulosis-arthropathy-osteolysis (NAO) syndromes. Nosographic delineations of these rare syndromes are difficult to define, and there is no consensus. In 2001, two ...
Uçar Canan - - 2006
The LEOPARD syndrome is a complex of multisystemic congenital abnormalities characterized by lentiginosis, electrocardiographic conduction abnormalities, ocular hypertelorism, pulmonary stenosis, abnormalities of genitalia, retardation of growth, and deafness (sensorineural). Mutations in PTPN11, a gene encoding the protein tyrosine phosphatase SHP-2 located on chromosome 12q24.1, have been identified in 88% of ...
Stevenson D A DA Department of Pediatrics, Division of Medical Genetics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84132, - - 2006
Neurofibromatosis-Noonan syndrome (NFNS) has been described as a unique phenotype, combining manifestations of neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) and Noonan syndrome, which are separate syndromes. Potential etiologies of NFNS include a discrete syndrome of distinct etiology, co-segregation of two mutated common genes, variable clinical expressivity of NF1, and/or allelic heterogeneity. We ...
Aramaki Michihiko - - 2006
CHD7 gene mutations were identified in 17 (71%) of 24 children clinically diagnosed to have CHARGE syndrome (C, coloboma of the iris or retina; H, heart defects; A, atresia of the choanae; R, retardation of growth and/or development; G, genital anomalies; and E, ear abnormalities). Colobomata, hearing loss, laryngomalacia, and ...
Borhani Haghighi Afshin A Departments of *Neurology double daggerInternal Medicine section signPhysical Medicine and Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Islamic Republic of Iran daggerDepartment of Clinical Neurology, Institute of Neurology, London, - - 2006
Allgrove syndrome or triple-A syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by adrenal insufficiency, achalasia and alacrima. Affected patients may also present with a constellation of central and peripheral nervous system manifestations. The gene for Allgrove syndrome (ALADIN) is located on chromosome 12q13. Here we report a 23-year-old man with ...
Nguyen Khue V - - 2006
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Alpers syndrome is a developmental mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome leading to fatal brain and liver disease in children and young adults. Mutations in the gene for the mitochondrial DNA polymerase (POLG) have recently been shown to cause this disorder. METHODS: The POLG locus was sequenced in 15 sequential probands ...
Hou Meng - - 2006
Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by impairments in social skills, language, and behavior. It is now clear that autism is not a disease, but a syndrome characterized by phenotypic and genetic complexity. The etiology of autism is still poorly understood. Available evidence from a variety of sources strongly suggests ...
Aligianis Irene A IA Section of Medical and Molecular Genetics, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United - - 2006
We identified a homozygous missense mutation in the noncatalytic subunit (RAB3GAP2) of RAB3GAP that results in abnormal splicing in a family with congenital cataracts, hypogonadism, and mild mental retardation (Martsolf syndrome). Recently, mutations in the catalytic subunit of RAB3GAP (RAB3GAP1), a key regulator of calcium-mediated hormone and neurotransmitter exocytosis, were ...
Schubbert Suzanne - - 2006
Noonan syndrome (MIM 163950) is characterized by short stature, facial dysmorphism and cardiac defects. Heterozygous mutations in PTPN11, which encodes SHP-2, cause approximately 50% of cases of Noonan syndrome. The SHP-2 phosphatase relays signals from activated receptor complexes to downstream effectors, including Ras. We discovered de novo germline KRAS mutations ...
Niihori Tetsuya - - 2006
Cardio-facio-cutaneous (CFC) syndrome is characterized by a distinctive facial appearance, heart defects and mental retardation. It phenotypically overlaps with Noonan and Costello syndrome, which are caused by mutations in PTPN11 and HRAS, respectively. In 43 individuals with CFC, we identified two heterozygous KRAS mutations in three individuals and eight BRAF ...
Bull Laura N - - 2006
Arthrogryposis-renal dysfunction-cholestasis (ARC) syndrome is a rare multisystem disorder first described in 1979 and recently ascribed to mutation in VPS33B, whose product acts in intracellular trafficking. Arthrogryposis, spillage of various substances in the urine, and conjugated hyperbilirubinemia define an ARC core phenotype, in some patients associated with ichthyosis, central nervous ...
Giliani Silvia - - 2006
Omenn syndrome (OS) is a rare combined immunodeficiency characterized by erythroderma, lymphadenopathy, and autoimmune manifestations. Most cases are due to mutations in the RAG genes. We report a case of OS due to mutations of IL7RA, thus defining Omenn syndrome as a genetically heterogeneous condition.
Nakamura Akinobu - - 2006
Wolfram syndrome is a rare, autosomal recessive disorder characterized by early-onset diabetes mellitus, optic atrophy and neurological and endocrinological abnormalities. A 47-year-old Japanese man with frequent severe hypoglycemic episodes was diagnosed as Wolfram syndrome based on clinical features and laboratory data. He had positive glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) and insulinoma-associated ...
van de Warrenburg Bart P C - - 2006
Mutations in the BSCL2 gene have recently been identified in families with (SPG17-linked) Silver syndrome-type hereditary spastic paraparesis as well as in families with distal hereditary motor neuropathy (HMN). We describe the first two Dutch families with BSCL2 mutations and corroborate the phenotypic variability of this gene mutation, as features ...
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