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Palmer Stephen J - - 2007
The gene GTF2IRD1 is localized within the critical region on chromosome 7 that is deleted in Williams syndrome patients. Genotype-phenotype comparisons of patients carrying variable deletions within this region have implicated GTF2IRD1 and a closely related homolog, GTF2I, as prime candidates for the causation of the principal symptoms of Williams ...
Kato Zenichiro - - 2007
Duane retraction syndrome is a congenital eye movement disorder characterized by failure of the sixth cranial nerve or nucleus to develop properly, resulting in restriction of abduction, narrowing of the palpebral fissure, and retraction of the globe on attempted adduction and/or restricted adduction. The gene loci of Duane syndrome have ...
Reisler Tom T - - 2006
ADULT (Acro-dermato-ungual-lacrimal-tooth) syndrome is characterized by ectrodactyly, syndactyly, fingernail and toenail dysplasia, hypoplasia of the breast and nipple, excessive freckling, lacrimal duct atresia, frontal alopecia, primary hypodontia, and/or early loss of permanent teeth. It is a rare autosomal dominant disorder which has been linked to mutation in the p63 gene. ...
van der Meulen Jacques - - 2006
Saethre-Chotzen syndrome is caused by mutations in the TWIST gene on chromosome 7p21.2. However, Muenke et al. [(1997); Am J Hum Genet 91: 555-564] described a new subgroup carrying the Pro250Arg mutation in the fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) 3 gene on chromosome 4p16. Uni or bicoronal synostosis appears to ...
Viassolo Valeria - - 2006
Loeys-Dietz syndrome is a recently described autosomal dominant disorder with cardinal manifestations in cardiovascular, craniofacial and skeletal systems. Although the disease has some phenotypic overlap with Marfan syndrome, the disease, that is caused by mutations in the transforming growth factor beta-receptor 1 (TGFBR1) or transforming growth factor beta-receptor 2 (TGFBR2) ...
Tang Jingrong - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: A range of neurologic morbidity characterizes childhood-onset copper transport defects, including severe Menkes disease and milder occipital horn syndrome. Both phenotypes are caused by mutations in ATP7A, which encodes a copper-transporting adenosine triphosphatase, although defects causing occipital horn syndrome are rarely reported and nearly always involve exon-skipping (six of ...
Love Joseph D - - 2006
Mutations in the Wilms' tumor gene are present in children with Frasier syndrome, Denys-Drash syndrome, WAGR syndrome, and some cases of Wilms' tumor. The Wilms' tumor gene product, WT1, is necessary for normal urogenital development. Frasier syndrome is an association between focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, beginning in the second and third ...
López Luis Carlos LC Department of Neurology, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY 10032, - - 2006
Coenzyme Q(10) (CoQ(10)) is a vital lipophilic molecule that transfers electrons from mitochondrial respiratory chain complexes I and II to complex III. Deficiency of CoQ(10) has been associated with diverse clinical phenotypes, but, in most patients, the molecular cause is unknown. The first defect in a CoQ(10) biosynthetic gene, COQ2, ...
Binder Vera - - 2006
The Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome is an X-linked hereditary disorder associated with combined immunodeficiency, thrombocytopenia, small platelets, eczema, and increased susceptibility to autoimmune disorders and cancers. It is caused by mutations in the gene (WAS) for the Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (WASP). We investigated family members of the patients originally described by Wiskott ...
Yamashita Y - - 2007
Hyperparathyroidism-jaw tumour (HPT-JT) syndrome is characterized by parathyroid tumours as well as by ossifying fibromas of the mandible and maxilla, renal cysts, or Wilms' tumours. Recently, the gene responsible for HPT-JT syndrome has been identified as the HRPT2 tumour suppressor gene. In an 18-year-old male, a tumour in the maxilla ...
Lee Kyu Yup - - 2007
Branchio-oto-renal (BOR) syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder that is characterized by branchial cysts or fistulae, external ear malformations and/or preauricular pits, hearing loss and renal anomalies. Recent advances in molecular genetics have shown a human homologue of the Drosophila 'eyes absent' gene (EYA1) on chromosome band 8q13.3 to be ...
Gelb Bruce D - - 2006
Noonan syndrome is a relatively common, genetically heterogeneous Mendelian trait with a pleiomorphic phenotype. Prior to the period covered in this review, missense mutations in PTPN11 had been found to account for nearly 50% of Noonan syndrome cases. That gene encodes SHP-2, a protein tyrosine kinase that plays diverse roles ...
Silhánová Eva - - 2006
Elejalde syndrome (McKusick 200995), also known as acrocephalopolydactylous dysplasia, is a rare condition. We describe a sixth patient with this syndrome which is characterized by craniosynostosis and hyperproliferation of fibroblasts in many tissues including skin, liver, kidney, and pancreas. The cause of the syndrome is the homozygous state of an ...
Meredith Sarah P - - 2007
To detail the clinical findings in a British family with molecularly characterised Wagner syndrome. Only in the last year has the specific genetic defect in Wagner syndrome been identified, and the background literature of the molecular genetics is outlined. Clinical and laboratory findings in a second case of Wagner syndrome ...
Cho Mi Ae - - 2006
Inherited as an autosomal recessive trait, Pendred syndrome is a disease that shows congenital sensorineural hearing loss and goiter, with a positive finding in the perchlorate discharge test. Pendred syndrome results from various mutations in the PDS/SLC26A4 gene that cause production of an abnormal pendrin protein. More than 90 mutations ...
Hackett Anna - - 2006
Pfeiffer syndrome is an autosomal dominant condition classically encompassing both craniosynostosis and digital abnormalities of the hands and feet. Individuals with Pfeiffer syndrome may have mutations within either fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 gene (FGFR1) or FGFR2. FGFR1 mutations often result in less severe craniofacial involvement and hand abnormalities. We ...
Bedeschi Maria Francesca - - 2006
We report the case of a young boy with fine hair, mild nail dysplasia, blocked nasolacrimal ducts, absence of central incisors, bilateral oligodactyly of feet and anal stenosis. His father showed the same spectrum of anomalies with mild expression. He had mild nail dysplasia, blocked nasolacrimal ducts, inferior dental cysts ...
Toydemir Reha M - - 2006
Activating mutations of FGFR3, a negative regulator of bone growth, are well known to cause a variety of short-limbed bone dysplasias and craniosynostosis syndromes. We mapped the locus causing a novel disorder characterized by camptodactyly, tall stature, scoliosis, and hearing loss (CATSHL syndrome) to chromosome 4p. Because this syndrome recapitulated ...
Rao Aarati - - 2007
Immune dysregulation, polyendocrinopathy, enteropathy, X-linked (IPEX) syndrome is a rare, fatal autoimmune disorder caused by mutations in the FOXP3 gene leading to the disruption of signaling pathways involved in regulatory T-lymphocyte function. Lifelong multiagent immunosuppression is necessary to control debilitating autoimmune manifestations such as colitis and food allergies. Allogeneic hematopoietic ...
Slavotinek A - - 2006
Fraser syndrome (OMIM 219000) is a rare, autosomal recessive condition with classical features of cryptophthalmos, syndactyly, ambiguous genitalia, laryngeal, and genitourinary malformations, oral clefting and mental retardation. Mutations causing loss of function of the FRAS1 gene have been demonstrated in five patients with Fraser syndrome. However, no phenotype-genotype correlation was ...
Zenteno Juan Carlos - - 2006
The clinical combination of anophthalmia/microphthalmia and esophageal atresia was first recognized in 1988 as a distinct variable multi-system malformation syndrome and since then at least 17 cases of the disease have been described, all of them sporadic in occurrence. We report a heterozygous SOX2 gene mutation underlying the syndrome of ...
Tatton-Brown Katrina K Section of Cancer Genetics, Institute of Cancer Research, Sutton, Surrey, - - 2007
Sotos syndrome is an autosomal dominant condition characterised by a distinctive facial appearance, learning disability and overgrowth resulting in tall stature and macrocephaly. In 2002, Sotos syndrome was shown to be caused by mutations and deletions of NSD1, which encodes a histone methyltransferase implicated in chromatin regulation. More recently, the ...
Hashida Tetsu - - 2006
An 80-year-old man was referred to our department for evaluation of repetitive loss of consciousness and faintness with hypokalemia. He had relatively low blood pressure, hypomagnesemia, hypocalciuria and chondrocalcinosis in the knee, clinically suggesting Gitelman's syndrome. A renal clearance study could not be carried out due to the patient's age ...
Cremers Frans P M FP Department of Human Genetics, and Nijmegen Centre for Molecular Life Sciences, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. - - 2007
Usher syndrome, a combination of retinitis pigmentosa (RP) and sensorineural hearing loss with or without vestibular dysfunction, displays a high degree of clinical and genetic heterogeneity. Three clinical subtypes can be distinguished, based on the age of onset and severity of the hearing impairment, and the presence or absence of ...
Kansal A - - 2007
Gorlin's syndrome or naevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome (NBCCS) is an autosomal dominant disorder that predisposes to basal cell carcinomas of the skin, ovarian fibromas, and medulloblastomas. This condition is due to mutations in the Patched (PTCH) gene which maps to chromosome 9q22 and acts as a tumour suppressor gene. ...
Ogata Tsutomu - - 2006
We report on a 14 7/12-year-old Japanese female patient with CHARGE syndrome and CHD7 mutation who also exhibited Kallmann syndrome (KS) phenotype. She had poor pubertal development and apparently impaired sense of smell. A GnRH test showed severely compromised responses of LH (<0.5 --> <0.5 IU/L) and FSH (<0.5 --> ...
Buisson Philippe - - 2006
Cutaneous lipoma is rare in children, but it can be part of a syndrome such as the Bannayan-Riley-Ruvalcaba syndrome (BRRS). The BRRS is a dominant autosomal disorder characterized by cutaneous lipomas, macrocephaly, intestinal polyps, and developmental delay associated with PTEN gene mutations. This syndrome is thought to represent a pediatric ...
van Steensel M A M - - 2006
Costello syndrome (CS) is a rare multiple congenital anomaly/mental retardation syndrome characterized by coarse face, loose skin and cardiomyopathy. It is often associated with benign and malignant tumors. Several groups have now demonstrated that CS is caused by recurring mutations in the HRAS gene in different ethnic groups. Here, we ...
Hirschfield G M - - 2006
Gilbert's syndrome (GS) is a benign and inherited state characterized by mild, lifelong, unconjugated hyperbilirubinaemia in the absence of haemolysis or evidence of liver disease. Its molecular basis, mutations in the TATA box upstream of the uridine diphosphoglucose glucuronyltransferase gene, leads to impaired bilirubin glucuronidation. This synopsis outlines the pathophysiology ...
Gu X-M - - 2006
Odontogenic keratocysts are relatively common lesions that may occur in isolation or in association with nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome (or Gorlin syndrome). The PTCH gene has been reported to be associated with Gorlin syndrome. We investigated 10 cases of non-syndromic keratocysts and two other cases associated with Gorlin syndrome, ...
Meta Margarita - - 2006
Genetic mutations that lead to an accumulation of farnesyl-prelamin A cause progeroid syndromes, including Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome. It seemed possible that the farnesylated form of prelamin A might be toxic to mammalian cells, accounting for all the disease phenotypes that are characteristic of progeria. This concept led to the hypothesis ...
Cho Hee Yeon - - 2006
The Wilms tumor suppressor gene, WT1, plays an important role in the development of the urogenital system and the gonads, and clinical syndromes associated with WT1 mutations, such as WAGR syndrome, Denys-Drash syndrome and Frasier syndrome, typically manifest as renal and genitourinary abnormalities. WT1 may also play an important role ...
Niaudet Patrick - - 2006
The WT1 gene encodes a zinc finger transcription factor involved in kidney and gonadal development and, when mutated, in the occurrence of kidney tumor and glomerular diseases. Patients with Denys-Drash syndrome present with early nephrotic syndrome with diffuse mesangial sclerosis progressing rapidly to end-stage renal failure, male pseudohermaphroditism, and Wilms' ...
Robertson Stephen P - - 2007
The term otopalatodigital syndrome spectrum disorders is an umbrella category that includes four phenotypically related conditions, otopalatodigital syndrome types 1 and 2, frontometaphyseal dysplasia and Melnick - Needles syndrome. The phenotype of these conditions in the male ranges from a severe perinatally lethal multiple malformation syndrome to a mild skeletal ...
Hasselbacher K - - 2006
Congenital nephrotic syndrome is clinically and genetically heterogeneous. The majority of cases can be attributed to mutations in the genes NPHS1, NPHS2, and WT1. By homozygosity mapping in a consanguineous family with isolated congenital nephrotic syndrome, we identified a potential candidate region on chromosome 3p. The LAMB2 gene, which was ...
Mukhopadhya Ashis A Department of Gastrointestinal Sciences, Christian Medical College, Ida Scudder Road, Vellore 632004, India. - - 2006
The triple A or Allgrove's syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by the triad of achalasia cardia, alacrima and ACTH resistant adrenocortical insufficiency. Mutations of the Achalasia-Addisonianism-Alacrima-Syndrome (AAAS) gene on chromosome 12q13 are associated with this syndrome. We report an Indian family where two siblings were homozygous for a ...
Gissen Paul P Section of Medical and Molecular Genetics, Norton Court, Birmingham Women's Hospital, University of Birmingham, B15 2TG, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK. - - 2006
Arthrogryposis, renal dysfunction and cholestasis (ARC) syndrome (MIM 208085) is an autosomal recessive multisystem disorder that may be associated with germline VPS33B mutations. VPS33B is involved in regulation of vesicular membrane fusion by interacting with SNARE proteins, and evidence of abnormal polarised membrane protein trafficking has been reported in ARC ...
Bhuiyan Z A - - 2006
The Cornelia de Lange syndrome is a multiple congenital anomaly syndrome characterised by dysmorphic facial features, hirsutism, severe growth and developmental delays, and malformed upper limbs. The prevalence is estimated to be one per 10,000. Recently, several independent groups proved that Cornelia de Lange syndrome is caused by mutations in ...
Freisinger Peter - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Autosomal recessive mutations in deoxyguanosine kinase (DGUOK) have been identified in the hepatocerebral form of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) depletion syndrome. OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical spectrum of DGUOK-related mtDNA depletion syndrome in 6 children and to summarize the literature. RESULTS: We identified pathogenic mutations in DGUOK in 6 children ...
Shichishima Tsutomu - - 2006
Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is an acquired clonal hematologic disorder that is manifested by complement-mediated hemolysis, venous thrombosis, and bone marrow failure and is one disorder of acquired bone marrow failure syndromes that include as aplastic anemia and myelodysplastic syndrome. Nowadays, acquired PNH should be understood as one of the ...
Griffith Andrew J AJ Section on Gene Structure and Function, National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, - - 2006
The objective of this study was to characterize the temporal bone phenotype associated with a mutation of GJB2 (encoding connexin 26). The authors conducted correlative clinical, molecular genetic, and postmortem histopathologic analysis. The study subject was a male infant with keratitis-ichthyosis-deafness (KID) syndrome. We performed a nucleotide sequence analysis of ...
Kiyozumi Daiji - - 2006
An emerging family of extracellular matrix proteins characterized by 12 consecutive CSPG repeats and the presence of Calx-beta motif(s) includes Fras1, QBRICK/Frem1, and Frem2. Mutations in the genes encoding these proteins have been associated with mouse models of Fraser syndrome, which is characterized by subepidermal blistering, cryptophthalmos, syndactyly, and renal ...
Lesnik Oberstein Saskia A J - - 2006
Peters Plus syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by anterior eye-chamber abnormalities, disproportionate short stature, and developmental delay. After detection of a microdeletion by array-based comparative genomic hybridization, we identified biallelic truncating mutations in the beta 1,3-galactosyltransferase-like gene (B3GALTL) in all 20 tested patients, showing that Peters Plus is ...
Schlame Michael - - 2006
Barth syndrome is an X-linked recessive disease caused by mutations in the tafazzin gene. Patients have reduced concentration and altered composition of cardiolipin, the specific mitochondrial phospholipid, and they have variable clinical findings, often including heart failure, myopathy, neutropenia, and growth retardation. This article provides an overview of the molecular ...
Abdul-Rahman Omar A - - 2006
Genitopatellar syndrome is a newly described disorder characterized by absent/hypoplastic patellae, lower extremity contractures, urogenital anomalies, dysmorphic features, skeletal anomalies, and agenesis of the corpus callosum. More recently, cardiac anomalies and ectodermal dysplasia have been suggested as additional features of this syndrome. We report on two additional patients with genitopatellar ...
Roberts A - - 2006
The cardiofaciocutaneous (CFC) syndrome is a condition of sporadic occurrence, with patients showing multiple congenital anomalies and mental retardation. It is characterised by failure to thrive, relative macrocephaly, a distinctive face with prominent forehead, bitemporal constriction, absence of eyebrows, hypertelorism, downward-slanting palpebral fissures often with epicanthic folds, depressed nasal root ...
Rajesh - - 2006
Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber Syndrome (KTWS) is a rare entity. It includes cutaneous hemangioma (Port-wine stains) of the face and extremities with associated varicosities and hypertrophy of underlying soft tissue and bone. Craniofacial involvement is rare in this syndrome. We report a case of Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber Syndrome who presented with craniofacial deformity leading to ...
Bowers Margaret J - - 2006
We present a case of Bernard Soulier syndrome in a 9-year-old boy caused by a novel genetic mutation. This child was shown to be homozygous for a single nucleotide deletion (c.1077delG) in the GP1BA gene not previously reported. Clinically, the boy has become refractory to platelet transfusions with both allo-antibodies ...
Opitz John M - - 2006
Even as a rare multiple congenital anomalies/mental retardation syndrome, the C-syndrome (CS, or Opitz C-trigonoecephaly syndrome) is, at long last, beginning to attract attention because of its developmental and causal complexity. Also, the possibility that the apparently balanced translocation recently described in an affected Japanese boy may soon provide a ...
Clarke J C - - 2006
Branchio-oto-renal (BOR) syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by the associations of hearing loss, branchial arch defects and renal anomalies. Branchiootic (BO) syndrome is a related disorder that presents without the highly variable characteristic renal anomalies of BOR syndrome. Dominant mutations in the human homologue of the Drosophila eyes ...
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