Search Results
Results 701 - 750 of 1655
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Schwartz Charles E - - 2007
A novel missense mutation in the mediator of RNA polymerase II transcription subunit 12 (MED12) gene has been found in the original family with Lujan syndrome and in a second family (K9359) that was initially considered to have Opitz-Kaveggia (FG) syndrome. A different missense mutation in the MED12 gene has ...
Ang Alan A Vitreoretinal Service, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, United - - 2007
We describe the clinical findings in two patients with double heterozygosity, both involving Stickler syndrome. In case 1, the proposita had Albright hereditary osteodystrophy which was inherited from her mother and type 1 Stickler syndrome which was a new mutation. The combination of manifestations from the two syndromes had resulted ...
Dagoneau N - - 2007
Crisponi syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by congenital muscular contractions of facial muscles, with trismus in response to stimuli, dysmorphic features, bilateral camptodactyly, major feeding and respiratory difficulties, and access of hyperthermia leading to death in the first months of life. The overlap with Stuve-Wiedemann syndrome (SWS) ...
Risheg Hiba - - 2007
Opitz-Kaveggia syndrome (also known as FG syndrome) is an X-linked disorder characterized by mental retardation, relative macrocephaly, hypotonia and constipation. We report here that the original family for whom the condition is named and five other families have a recurrent mutation (2881C>T, leading to R961W) in MED12 (also called TRAP230 ...
Al-Mosawi Zakiya S - - 2007
Majeed syndrome is an autoinflammatory disorder consisting of chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis, congenital dyserythropoietic anemia, and neutrophilic dermatosis. To date, 2 unrelated families with Majeed syndrome have been reported. Mutations in LPIN2 have been found in both families. Here we report a third consanguineous family with Majeed syndrome with a ...
Schaffer Julie V JV Ronald O. Perelman Department of Dermatology, New York University School of Medicine, New York 10016, USA. - - 2007
Pediatric sarcoidosis has traditionally been divided into 2 distinct groups: (1) school-aged children and adolescents with frequent involvement of the lungs and mediastinal lymph nodes (similar to adult sarcoidosis) and (2) infants and preschoolers with the triad of arthritis, uveitis, and a cutaneous eruption of discrete small papules, referred to ...
Heltzer Meredith Lee - - 2007
IPEX syndrome is a rare, inherited condition characterized by immune dysfunction, polyendocrinopathy, enteropathy, and X-linked recessive inheritance. Patients typically present in infancy with severe diarrhea and failure to thrive. Most children die by 1 year of age without therapy. The diagnosis is established by genetic analysis, which often takes several ...
Volk Alexander - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The symptom triad of autosomal dominant Currarino syndrome (CS; MIM #176450) consists of anorectal malformation, a sacral bone defect, and presacral masses. Mutations in the homeoboxHLXB9 gene have already been described in a subset of sacrococcygeal anomalies characterized by partial sacral agenesis. CASE: We report a 28-year-old male patient ...
Figueira Edwin C - - 2007
Eye and adnexal involvement in epidermolysis bullosa can range from symptoms of mild irritation resulting from conjunctival involvement to severe cicatrization of the ocular surface and adnexa. We describe a unique case of granulation tissue in the eyelid margin and conjunctiva in a patient with junctional epidermolysis bullosa. The eyelid ...
Puzenat E - - 2007
Omenn syndrome is a severe combined immunodeficiency characterized by erythroderma, hepatosplenomegaly, lymphadenopathy and failure to thrive, with activated oligoclonal T lymphocytes and an absence of circulating B cells.A 3 day-old boy presented with a congenital erythroderma. Investigations revealed a marked neutropenia and lymphopenia and the absence of a thymus. Genetic ...
Sanlaville Damien - - 2007
CHARGE syndrome is a rare, usually sporadic autosomal dominant disorder due in 2/3 of cases to mutations within the CHD7 gene. The clinical definition has evolved with time. The 3C triad (Coloboma-Choanal atresia-abnormal semicircular Canals), arhinencephaly and rhombencephalic dysfunctions are now considered the most important and constant clues to the ...
Rinne Tuula - - 2007
Heterozygous mutations in the transcription factor gene p63 are causative for several syndromes, with ectodermal dysplasia, orofacial clefting and limb malformations as the key characteristics. Different combinations of these features are seen in five different syndromes, of which ectrodactyly, ectodermal dysplasia and cleft lip/palate syndrome (EEC) is the most common ...
Zankl Andreas - - 2007
Torg syndrome is a multicentric osteolysis syndrome of unknown etiology. We identified mutations in the MMP2 gene in a patient with Torg syndrome that resulted in complete loss of MMP2 activity. MMP2 mutations were previously identified in patients with NAO and Winchester syndrome. Our findings suggest that Torg, NAO, and ...
Rauen K A - - 2007
Costello syndrome (CS) is a complex developmental disorder involving characteristic craniofacial features, failure to thrive, developmental delay, cardiac and skeletal anomalies and a predisposition to develop neoplasia, both benign and malignant. CS is caused by activating germline mutations in HRAS and belongs to an exciting class of genetic syndromes that ...
Kirwin Susan M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To report recurrent transmissions of Barth syndrome through a single oocyte donor carrying a de novo TAZ mutation. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Clinical molecular diagnostics laboratory. PATIENT(S): Oocyte donor and individuals conceived with her oocytes. INTERVENTION(S): Molecular testing. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Detection of TAZ mutation. RESULT(S): Multiple individuals affected ...
Ørstavik Karen Helene - - 2007
We have observed unusual transverse distal phalangeal creases in two patients, one with Costello syndrome (G12S mutation in the HRAS gene) and one with cardio-facio-cutaneous (CFC) syndrome or possibly Noonan syndrome (Q22E mutation in the KRAS gene). This feature along with fetal pads was present in both children at birth ...
Walker Ruth H - - 2007
McLeod syndrome is an X-linked multisystem disorder affecting red blood cells, the peripheral and central nervous systems, and skeletal and cardiac muscle. No clear correlations of the clinical findings with the genotype of XK mutations have yet been uncovered. Here, we report the clinical features and progression in 10 affected ...
Desir Julie - - 2007
Harboyan syndrome, or corneal dystrophy and perceptive deafness (CDPD), consists of congenital corneal endothelial dystrophy and progressive perceptive deafness, and is transmitted as an autosomal recessive trait. CDPD and autosomal recessive, non-syndromic congenital hereditary endothelial corneal dystrophy (CHED2) both map at overlapping loci at 20p13, and mutations of SLC4A11 were ...
Entesarian Miriam - - 2007
Aplasia of lacrimal and salivary glands (ALSG) is an autosomal dominant congenital anomaly characterized by aplasia, atresia or hypoplasia of the lacrimal and salivary systems. Affected individuals present with irritable eyes and dryness of the mouth with variable expressivity. Mutations in FGF10 were recently described in ALSG and in lacrimo-auriculo-dento-digital ...
Butman Michael - - 2007
Hyperlipoproteinemia represents a constellation of clinical syndromes that frequently includes hypertriglyceridemia. Because of the degree of elevation in the triglyceride levels frequently seen in these syndromes, they are associated with complications not generally observed among those patients with essential hypertriglyceridemia, including as in this case report, recurrent pancreatitis. Here, we ...
Vallespin Elena - - 2007
PURPOSE: Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA) is the most severe inherited retinopathy with the earliest age of onset. To date, eleven genes have been reported to cause the non-syndromic LCA phenotype. The CEP290 gene has been shown to account for Joubert and Senior-Loken syndromes and to represent a frequent cause of ...
Togashi Yosuke - - 2007
This report describes a Japanese family with vessel and craniofacial abnormalities. Although the clinical findings of the patient's father fulfilled the diagnostic criteria for Marfan syndrome, arterial tortuosity, aneurysms, hypertelorism and a bifid uvula were noted in both the patient and his father. These findings were compatible with the clinical ...
Noordam Kees - - 2007
The autosomal-dominant Noonan syndrome (MIM 163950) is characterized by short stature, typical facial dysmorphology and heart defects. Noonan syndrome is genetically heterogeneous. Over the last few years, germline mutations in four genes have been found in people with clinical signs of Noonan syndrome, accounting for approximately 65% of cases. All ...
Bertola Débora Romeo - - 2007
Costello syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder comprising growth deficiency, mental retardation, curly hair, coarse facial features, nasal papillomata, low-set ears with large lobes, cardiac anomalies, redundant skin in palms and soles with prominent creases, dark skin, and propensity to certain solid tumors. HRAS mutations have been implicated in approximately ...
Bobkowski Waldemar - - 2007
Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) displays autosomal dominant inheritance with incomplete penetration of defective genes. Data concerning the familial occurrence of ventricular preexcitation, i.e. Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome, also indicate autosomal dominant inheritance. In the literature, only a gene mutation on chromosome 7q3 has been described in familial HCM coexisting with WPW ...
Leon-Mateos Alvaro - - 2007
Blepharophimosis-ptosis-epicanthus inversus syndrome (BPES) is a rare inherited condition that includes characteristic eyelid malformations and sometimes reduced fertility in females. Genetic studies have implicated mutations in the forkhead transcription factor FOXL2 as responsible for BPES. We report a female and her father with BPES type I, who presented the 1092-1108dup17 ...
Buxbaum Joseph D - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Sotos syndrome is an overgrowth syndrome characterized by macrocephaly, advanced bone age, characteristic facial features, and learning disabilities, caused by mutations or deletions of the NSD1 gene, located at 5q35. Sotos syndrome has been described in a number of patients with autism spectrum disorders, suggesting that NSD1 could be ...
Thorner Paul Scott - - 2007
Both Alport syndrome and thin basement membrane nephropathy (TBMN) can be considered as genetic diseases of the GBM involving the alpha3/alpha4/alpha5 network of type IV collagen. Mutations in any of the COL4A3, COL4A4 or COL4A5 genes can lead to total or partial loss of this network. Males with mutations in ...
Nakano Yukiko - - 2007
Recently, it has been reported that under 20% of Brugada syndrome cases are linked to SCN5A mutations. The purpose of this study was to clarify whether abnormalities other than exonic mutations, such as splicing disorders, decreased mRNA expression levels, or membrane transport abnormalities of SCN5A, play a role in the ...
Mathys R - - 2007
We present the ophthalmologic findings in a boy with a deletion of Xp22 comprising the gene for Nance-Horan syndrome. Different mechanisms underlying the visual impairment in Nance-Horan syndrome are discussed.
Vernez M - - 2007
Muir-Torre syndrome (MTS) is a rare cancer-predisposing syndrome that is autosomal dominantly inherited and characterized by the development of sebaceous skin lesions (adenomas, epitheliomas, basaliomas and carcinomas). These lesions are typically associated with tumors that belong to the spectrum of hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) (i.e., tumors of the colorectum, ...
Kondoh T - - 2007
We report the case of a 12 year-old boy with oto-palato-digital syndrome type II (OPD II). He had various anomalies at birth, including bilateral cataracts, bilateral glaucoma, bilateral severe hearing impairment, congenital heart defect, umbilical herniation, bowed extremities and constrictions of various joints. These clinical features and whole body X-ray ...
Cabuk Feryal - - 2007
Fallot tetralogy (FT) is the most frequently observed conotruncal heart defect (CTHD) and accompanies 15% of the 22q11 deletion syndromes, DiGeorge/ velocardiofacial (DGS/VCFS) syndromes. TBX1 is a gene located in the 22q11 region and has a role in neural crest migration and conotruncal development. The mouse Tbx1 locus shows 98% ...
Temple I Karen - - 2007
There are at least 6 well-studied imprinting domains on human autosomes. Each domain is under the regulatory control of an 'imprinting centre' that harbours a differentially methylated region. A number of molecular mechanisms result in differential silencing of some genes within these domains and gene expression is tightly regulated in ...
Gruhn Bernd - - 2007
BACKGROUND: DNA Ligase IV deficiency syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder caused by hypomorphic mutations in the DNA ligase IV gene (LIG4). The clinical phenotype shows overlap with a number of other rare syndromes, including Seckel syndrome, Nijmegen breakage syndrome, and Fanconi anemia. Thus the clinical diagnosis is often ...
Kharkar Vidya - - 2007
Griscelli syndrome is a rare genetic immunodeficiency disorder characterized by pigment dilution, recurrent cutaneous and pulmonary infections, neurological deterioration, hypogammaglobulinemia, and defective cell-mediated immunity. Mutations of three distinct genes have been described in Griscelli syndrome with different phenotypes. The disease is usually fatal by the first decade of life. We ...
Hung Po-Cheng - - 2007
We report two male Taiwanese siblings in whom the T-->C point mutation at nucleotide 9176 of the mitochondrial ATPase 6 gene (m.9176T>C mutation) was associated with early onset hypotonia, lactic acidosis, and death due to respiratory arrest at 7 and 10 months old. Brain MRI showed lesions over diffuse white ...
Albano Lilian M J - - 2007
Several disorders characterized primarily by anomalies of the skeleton have recently been shown to be caused by mutations in the X-linked gene, FLNA. One of these conditions, the Melnick-Needles syndrome exhibits a phenotype that shares overlap with that of serpentine fibula-polycystic kidney syndrome and the autosomal dominant condition, Hajdu-Cheney syndrome. ...
Pondarre Corinne - - 2007
X-linked sideroblastic anemia with ataxia (XLSA/A) is a rare syndromic form of inherited sideroblastic anemia associated with spinocerebellar ataxia, and is due to mutations in the mitochondrial ATP-binding cassette transporter Abcb7. Here, we show that Abcb7 is essential for hematopoiesis and formally demonstrate that XLSA/A is due to partial loss ...
Abadir Sylvia - - 2007
Noonan's syndrome is an autosomal dominant genetic disease, in which mutation of the PTPN11 gene is found in from one-third to half of all cases. Pulmonary valvar stenosis and myocardiopathy are frequently associated cardiac malformations, whereas aortic valvar stenosis is rarely described. We report, as far as we know, the ...
Hüffmeier Ulrike - - 2006
Signs of neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) and Noonan syndrome (NS), two distinct autosomal dominant disorders, occur together in patients reported as Watson syndrome (WS), neurofibromatosis-Noonan syndrome (NFNS), partial LEOPARD syndrome, NS with features of NF1, and NF1 with Noonan-like features. The molecular basis of these combined phenotypes was poorly understood ...
Tartaglia Marco - - 2007
Noonan syndrome is a developmental disorder characterized by short stature, facial dysmorphia, congenital heart defects and skeletal anomalies. Increased RAS-mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling due to PTPN11 and KRAS mutations causes 50% of cases of Noonan syndrome. Here, we report that 22 of 129 individuals with Noonan syndrome without PTPN11 ...
Yis Uluç - - 2007
Walker--Warburg syndrome (WWS), the most severe alpha-dystroglycanopathy, is characterized by brain and eye anomalies, and congenital muscular dystrophy (CMD). So far at least four genes (POMT1, POMT2, Fukutin, and FKRP gene) have been implicated in WWS, accounting for about 30% of all cases. We report a male patient with WWS ...
Roberts Amy E - - 2007
Noonan syndrome, the most common single-gene cause of congenital heart disease, is characterized by short stature, characteristic facies, learning problems and leukemia predisposition. Gain-of-function mutations in PTPN11, encoding the tyrosine phosphatase SHP2, cause approximately 50% of Noonan syndrome cases. SHP2 is required for RAS-ERK MAP kinase (MAPK) cascade activation, and ...
Marco Elysa J - - 2006
Recognized cases of autism spectrum disorders are on the rise. It is unclear whether this increase is attributable to secular trends in biological susceptibility, or to a change in diagnostic practices and recognition. One hint concerning etiological influences is the universally reported male excess (in the range of 4:1 to ...
Wilson Louise C - - 2006
We report on the occurrence of discrete patches of unusually long pigmented hair on the skin of three patients with Gorlin syndrome from two unrelated families with confirmed heterozygous mutations in the Patched (PTCH) gene. The PTCH protein is a negative regulator of Hedgehog signaling, and the Sonic Hedgehog (SHH)-PTCH ...
Adley Brian P - - 2006
CONTEXT: Birt-Hogg-Dubé (BHD) syndrome is a rare clinicopathologic condition transmitted in an autosomal dominant fashion. This complex entity is characterized by cutaneous fibrofolliculomas, kidney tumors, pulmonary cysts, and spontaneous pneumothorax. Recently, the gene possibly responsible for the clinical manifestations of BHD syndrome has been cloned and characterized. The few reviews ...
Traboulsi Elias I - - 2006
Clarification and classification of the congenital form of blindness known as Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA) continues to provide its challenges and dilemmas. Until recently, seven genes have been identified that cause LCA. Clarifying the relation between LCA and associated neurological abnormalities such as autism, seizures, and hypotony, and unraveling the ...
Ticho Benjamin H - - 2006
Gillespie syndrome is a rare variant form of aniridia, characterized by mental retardation, nonprogressive cerebellar ataxia, and iris hypoplasia. Unlike the more common dominant and sporadic forms of aniridia, there have been no associated PAX6 mutations or Wilms' tumor reported in Gillespie syndrome patients. Ocular findings in 21 cases published ...
Noonan Jacqueline A - - 2006
Noonan syndrome is a relatively common multiple malformation syndrome with characteristic facies, short stature and congenital heart disease, most commonly pulmonary stenosis (Noonan, Clin Pediatr, 33:548-555, 1994). Recently, a mutation in the PTPN11 gene (Tartaglia, Mehler, Goldberg, Zampino, Brunner, Kremer et al., Nat Genet, 29:465-468, 2001) was found to be ...
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