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Aller Elena - - 2007
The Usher syndrome (USH) is an autosomal recessive hereditary disorder characterized by the association of sensorineural hearing loss, retinitis pigmentosa (RP) and, in some cases, vestibular dysfunction. The USH1G gene, encoding SANS, has been found to cause both Usher syndrome type I and atypical Usher syndrome. 109 Spanish unrelated patients ...
Digilio M Cristina - - 2008
We report on three patients with Costello syndrome (CS) diagnosed during the first year of life and try to outline the clinical characteristics facilitating early recognition of this syndrome, which can now be corroborated by testing the HRAS gene. Phenotypical overlap of CS with Noonan (NS) and cardiofaciocutaneous syndrome (CFCS), ...
Kaname Tadashi - - 2007
The C syndrome is characterized by trigonocephaly and associated anomalies, such as unusual facies, psychomotor retardation, redundant skin, joint and limb abnormalities, and visceral anomalies. In an individual with the C syndrome who harbors a balanced chromosomal translocation, t(3;18)(q13.13;q12.1), we discovered that the TACTILE gene for CD96, a member of ...
Aeby A - - 2007
The cardiofaciocutaneous (CFC) syndrome is characterized by congenital heart defect, developmental delay, peculiar facial appearance with bitemporal constriction, prominent forehead, downslanting palpebral fissures, curly sparse hair and abnormalities of the skin. CFC syndrome phenotypically overlaps with Noonan and Costello syndromes. Mutations of several genes (PTPN11, HRAS, KRAS, BRAF, MEK1 and ...
Unger Sheila - - 2007
FG syndrome was originally described as a rare syndromic cause of X-linked mental retardation associated with congenital heart disease, anal atresia, inguinal hernia, cryptorchidism, and other anomalies. However, recent reports have highlighted the more common milder presentation which has for cardinal features developmental delay, particularly in speech, neonatal hypotonia, relative ...
Shalev Stavit A - - 2007
Mutations in the LMNA gene encoding lamins A/C are responsible for a variety of disorders, commonly referred to as "laminopathies," including the segmental premature aging syndrome Hutchinson-Gilford progeria. We describe in this report the rare association of osteosarcoma and slowly progressing progeria in an 11-year-old girl carrying a truncating heterozygous ...
Stenirri Stefania - - 2007
Craniosynostosis, the premature fusion of 1 or more sutures of the skull, is a common congenital defect, with a prevalence of 1 in 2500 live births. Untreated progressive craniosynostosis leads to inhibition of brain growth and increased intracranial and intraorbital pressure. The heterogeneity of clinical phenotypes and the overlap of ...
Young Deidra J - - 2008
The overlap between autism and Rett syndrome clinical features has led to many cases of Rett syndrome being initially diagnosed with infantile autism or as having some autistic features. Both conditions seriously disrupt social and language development and are often accompanied by repetitive, nonpurposeful stereotypic hand movements. The aims of ...
Shams Imad - - 2007
Lacrimo-auriculo-dento-digital (LADD) syndrome is characterized by abnormalities in lacrimal and salivary glands, in teeth, and in the distal limbs. Genetic studies have implicated heterozygous mutations in fibroblast growth factor 10 (FGF10) and in FGF receptor 2 (FGFR2) in LADD syndrome. However, it is not clear whether LADD syndrome mutations (LADD ...
Maksimova N - - 2007
In total, 43 patients having short stature syndrome in 37 Yakut families with autosomal recessive prenatal and postnatal nonprogressive growth failure and facial dysmorphism but with normal intelligence have been identified. Because Yakuts are considered as a population isolate and the disease is rare in other populations, genomewide homozygosity mapping ...
Ruiz-Perez Victor L - - 2007
EVC is a novel protein mutated in the human chondroectodermal dysplasia Ellis-van Creveld syndrome (EvC; OMIM: 225500). We have inactivated Evc in the mouse and show that Evc(-/-) mice develop an EvC-like syndrome, including short ribs, short limbs and dental abnormalities. lacZ driven by the Evc promoter revealed that Evc ...
de Pontual L L Université Paris-René Descartes, Faculté de Médecine, INSERM U-781, AP-HP, Hôpital Necker-Enfant Malades, Paris, - - 2007
Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) stands as a model for genetic dissection of complex diseases. In this model, a major gene, RET, is involved in most if not all cases of isolated (i.e., nonsyndromic) HSCR, in conjunction with other autosomal susceptibility loci under a multiplicative model. HSCR susceptibility alleles can harbor either ...
Diaz Alejandro - - 2007
It has been more than seven decades since Drs. Fuller Albright and Donovan McCune published the first reports on individuals with McCune-Albright syndrome (MAS). Since then, the classic triad of precocious puberty, café-aulait spots, and polyostotic bone dysplasia continues to define the syndrome. However, having gathered a better picture of ...
Akutsu Koichi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Mutations in the genes for transforming growth factor-beta receptor (TGFBR) have been identified in patients with Marfan syndrome (MFS) and Marfan-like connective tissue disorders. There are several syndromes associated with mutations in TGFBR genes, including Loeys-Dietz syndrome (LDS), MFS2, Furlong syndrome, and Shprintzen-Goldberg syndrome. However, with the exception of ...
Dyack Sarah - - 2007
PURPOSE: Alagille syndrome is an autosomal dominant condition characterized by a paucity of interlobular bile ducts and chronic cholestasis, cardiac disease, skeletal abnormalities, ocular abnormalities, and characteristic facies. Most cases harbor a mutation in JAG1. We describe a large consanguineous family with five individuals affected with an Alagille-like syndrome that ...
Johnson Pamela T - - 2007
Loeys-Dietz syndrome is a newly described phenotype caused by heterozygous mutations in the genes encoding type I or II transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) receptor. Characterized by a unique constellation of clinical and pathologic findings, Loeys-Dietz syndrome manifests with aggressive vascular pathology. Aneurysms may form at a young age and have ...
Pandit Bhaswati B Center for Molecular Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics and Department of Genetics and Genomic Sciences, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, One Gustave L. Levy Place, New York, New York 10029, - - 2007
Noonan and LEOPARD syndromes are developmental disorders with overlapping features, including cardiac abnormalities, short stature and facial dysmorphia. Increased RAS signaling owing to PTPN11, SOS1 and KRAS mutations causes approximately 60% of Noonan syndrome cases, and PTPN11 mutations cause 90% of LEOPARD syndrome cases. Here, we report that 18 of ...
Finsterer J - - 2007
Mitochondrial disorders are frequently caused by mutations in mitochondrial genes and usually present as multisystem disease. One of the most frequent mitochondrial mutations is the A3,243G transition in the tRNALeu(UUR) gene. The phenotypic expression of the mutation is variable and comprises syndromic or non-syndromic mitochondrial disorders. Among the syndromic manifestations ...
Al-Rahawan Mohamad M - - 2007
Cardio-facio-cutaneous syndrome (CFC) and Costello syndrome (CS) are disorders with an overlapping spectrum of congenital anomalies. Mutations in the RAS-MAPK pathway have recently been reported in both of these syndromes, with HRAS mutations characteristic for CS and BRAF and MEK1/2 mutations for CFC. We report on a 3-year-old boy who ...
Razzaque M Abdur - - 2007
Noonan syndrome is characterized by short stature, facial dysmorphia and a wide spectrum of congenital heart defects. Mutations of PTPN11, KRAS and SOS1 in the RAS-MAPK pathway cause approximately 60% of cases of Noonan syndrome. However, the gene(s) responsible for the remainder are unknown. We have identified five different mutations ...
Tang Ben - - 2007
CFC syndrome is a genetically heterogenous condition. Missense mutations have been identified in BRAF, KRAS, MEK1 and MEK2. We have reported here a KRAS mutation in a baby girl with an early clinical diagnosis of CFC syndrome associated with a large ulcerating hemangioma. Although ectodermal abnormalities have been described in ...
Gripp Karen W - - 2007
Because Cardio-facio-cutaneous (CFC) syndrome has significant phenotypic overlap with Costello syndrome, it may be difficult to establish the diagnosis on a clinical basis. The recent discoveries of germline HRAS mutations in patients with Costello syndrome and mutations in BRAF, MEK1, and MEK2 in CFC syndrome uncovered the biologic mechanism for ...
Thienpont Bernard - - 2007
ATR-X syndrome is a rare syndromic X-linked mental retardation disorder. We report that some of the patients suspected of ATR-X carry large intragenic duplications in the ATRX gene, leading to an absence of ATRX mRNA and of the protein. These findings underscore the need for including quantitative analyses to mutation ...
Kato Mitsuhiro - - 2007
Early infantile epileptic encephalopathy with suppression-burst pattern (EIEE) is one of the most severe and earliest forms of epilepsy, often evolving into West syndrome; however, the pathogenesis of EIEE remains unclear. ARX is a crucial gene for the development of interneurons in the fetal brain, and a polyalanine expansion mutation ...
Delous Marion - - 2007
Cerebello-oculo-renal syndrome (CORS), also called Joubert syndrome type B, and Meckel (MKS) syndrome belong to the group of developmental autosomal recessive disorders that are associated with primary cilium dysfunction. Using SNP mapping, we identified missense and truncating mutations in RPGRIP1L (KIAA1005) in both CORS and MKS, and we show that ...
Lowry R Brian - - 2007
This study reports a 25-year follow-up of a patient with De Hauwere syndrome (Axenfeld-Rieger anomaly, hydrocephalus, and hearing loss) whose intelligence is normal. Short stature and hyperlaxity of joints later leading to severe joint pain were noted. Mutation analysis of candidate genes known or suspected to be associated with Axenfeld-Rieger ...
Ismaili Khalid - - 2008
Denys-Drash syndrome and Frasier syndrome are two related conditions caused by mutations of the Wilms tumor gene, WT1. Both syndromes are characterized by male pseudohermaphrodism, a progressive glomerulopathy, and the development of genitourinary tumors. This study examines three girls with steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome related to mutations in the WT1 gene, ...
Bannon Eileen - - 2007
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second-leading cause of cancer-related death in the United States. Approximately 10% of CRC is hereditary, and hereditary nonpolyposis CRC (HNPCC), or Lynch syndrome I, is the most common form. Lynch syndrome I is characterized by onset at an early age, poor differentiation, predominance of proximal ...
O'Driscoll Mark M Genome Damage and Stability Centre, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK. - - 2007
Ataxia telangiectasia and Rad3-related (ATR) protein, a kinase that regulates a DNA damage-response pathway, is mutated in ATR-Seckel syndrome (ATR-SS), a disorder characterized by severe microcephaly and growth delay. Impaired ATR signaling is also observed in cell lines from additional disorders characterized by microcephaly and growth delay, including non-ATR-SS, Nijmegen ...
Slavotinek Anne M - - 2007
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a common birth defect with a high pre- and postnatal mortality. Although the majority of diaphragmatic hernias occur as isolated malformations, additional major and minor anomalies are common and are present in more than 40% of patients. There are compelling data for the importance of ...
Dalgic Buket - - 2007
Muckle-Wells syndrome (MWS) is a subset of autoinflammatory diseases. It is characterized by recurrent inflammatory crises associated with fever, abdominal pain, persistent urticaria, arthralgia, sensorineural deafness, and possible development of multiorgan amyloid A protein (AA)-type amyloidosis. Mutations in the CIAS1 gene have been reported in MWS. Interleukin 1B (IL-1B) probably ...
Ting Tracy V - - 2007
Neurologic manifestations in early childhood occur in the cryopyrin-associated periodic syndromes, especially in the chronic infantile neurological, cutaneous, and articular syndrome (CINCA) and the Muckle-Wells syndrome. Cryopyrin-associated periodic syndromes are commonly linked to mutations in the cold-induced autoinflammatory syndrome gene CIAS1 (current symbol, NLRP3) on chromosome 1. We describe three ...
Kokotas H - - 2007
Non-syndromic deafness can be caused by mutations in both nuclear and mitochondrial genes. More than 50 nuclear genes have been shown to be involved in non-syndromic hearing loss, but mutations in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) might also cause hearing impairment. As mitochondria are responsible for oxidative phosphorylation, the primary energy-producing system ...
Kudlow Brian A - - 2007
Progeroid syndromes have been the focus of intense research in part because they might provide a window into the pathology of normal ageing. Werner syndrome and Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome are two of the best characterized human progeroid diseases. Mutated genes that are associated with these syndromes have been identified, mouse ...
Cunningham Machael L - - 2007
The syndromic craniosynostoses, usually involving multiple sutures, are hereditary forms of craniosynostosis associated with extracranial phenotypes such as limb, cardiac, CNS and tracheal malformations. The genetic etiology of syndromic craniosynostosis in humans is only partially understood. Syndromic synostosis has been found to be associated with mutations of the fibroblast growth ...
Makita Yoshio - - 2007
Cardio-facio-cutaneous (CFC) syndrome is a multiple congenital anomaly/mental retardation syndrome characterized by a distinctive facial appearance, ectodermal abnormalities, and heart defects. Clinically, it overlaps with both Noonan syndrome and Costello syndrome, which are caused by mutations in 2 genes that encode molecules of the RAS/MAPK (mitogen activated protein kinase) pathway ...
Narumi Yoko - - 2007
Cardio-facio-cutaneous (CFC) syndrome is a multiple congenital anomaly/mental retardation syndrome characterized by heart defects, a distinctive facial appearance, ectodermal abnormalities and mental retardation. Clinically, it overlaps with both Noonan syndrome and Costello syndrome, which are caused by mutations in two genes, PTPN11 and HRAS, respectively. Recently, we identified mutations in ...
Li Chumei - - 2007
The Manitoba Oculotrichoanal (MOTA) syndrome was initially described by Marles et al. [1992; Am J Med Genet 42: 793-799] in Aboriginal patients of the Island Lake region of Northern Manitoba. Characteristic findings in affected patients included unilateral upper eyelid coloboma or cryptophthalmus with ipsilateral aberrant anterior hairline pattern and anal ...
Eun So-Hee - - 2007
Here we report the first case of a Korean infant with a cloverleaf-shaped craniosynostosis, in which the diagnosis of Beare-Stevenson syndrome was suspected upon observation of the typical morphological features. This infant exhibited craniofacial anomalies, ocular proptosis, cutis gyrata, acanthosis nigricans, prominent umbilical stump, furrowed palms and soles, hypospadia, and ...
Schulz S - - 2007
Marinesco-Sjögren syndrome (MSS) is an autosomal recessive multiorgan disorder with clinical and genetic heterogeneity. The key features of MSS include cerebellar ataxia, early bilateral cataracts, delayed motor development, and to a varying degree mental retardation. The syndrome was recently mapped to chromosome 5q31, and loss-of-function mutations in the SIL1 gene ...
Becker Mara L - - 2007
This is the first report of a CARD15 mutation-positive patient with Blau syndrome who exhibited interstitial lung disease, a feature historically considered absent from Blau syndrome, while typical of the adult form of sarcoidosis. This case illustrates the continued evolution of the phenotype of a disease initially conceived as a ...
Toita Nariaki N Department of Pediatrics, Graduate School of Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan. - - 2007
A 14-year-old Japanese girl with a progressing combined immunodeficiency had developed non-Hodgkin's diffuse large B cell lymphoma. Her molecular analysis showed a compound heterozygote of novel mutations in the LIG4 gene, M249V substitution and a five nucleotides deletion from nucleotide position 1,270-1,274. She had also a set of characteristic clinical ...
Skardoutsou Angeliki - - 2007
A 13-year-old Greek girl with pyruvate kinase deficiency and moya moya angiographic pattern is reported. She also had raised serum lipoprotein (a) concentration and was homozygous for the C677T mutation of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene. She presented with neonatal onset of anemia, hemolytic and aplastic crises, especially during infections, stroke, ...
Yuce Huseyin - - 2007
PURPOSE: The aim of this clinical study was to investigate the possible association between manganese superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD) enzyme polymorphism in the mitochondrial targeting sequence and pseudoexfoliation syndrome. METHODS: Ala (GTT) or Val (GCT) polymorphism in the signal peptide of Mn-SOD gene was evaluated using a primer pair to amplify ...
Nishimura Gen - - 2007
The Shwachman-Bodian-Diamond syndrome (SBDS) gene is a causative gene for Shwachman-Diamond syndrome, an autosomal recessive disorder with exocrine pancreatic insufficiency, bone marrow dysfunction and skeletal dysplasia. We report here on two patients with skeletal manifestations at the severest end of the phenotypic spectrum of SBDS mutations. An 11-year-old Japanese girl ...
Phadke Shubha R - - 2007
Torg-Winchester syndrome, which includes nodular arthropathy with osteolysis (OMIM 605156), is a condition associated with generalized osteoporosis. On the basis of usefulness of pamidronate in conditions with osteoporosis, we hypothesized that the drug will improve osteolysis and/or osteoporosis in this condition. After obtaining informed consent from the parents, two siblings ...
Crisponi Laura - - 2007
Crisponi syndrome is a severe autosomal recessive condition that is phenotypically characterized by abnormal, paroxysmal muscular contractions resembling neonatal tetanus, large face, broad nose, anteverted nares, camptodactyly, hyperthermia, and sudden death in most cases. We performed homozygosity mapping in five Sardinian and three Turkish families with Crisponi syndrome, using high-density ...
Zweier Christiane - - 2007
Pitt-Hopkins syndrome is a rarely reported syndrome of so-far-unknown etiology characterized by mental retardation, wide mouth, and intermittent hyperventilation. By molecular karyotyping with GeneChip Human Mapping 100K SNP arrays, we detected a 1.2-Mb deletion on 18q21.2 in one patient. Sequencing of the TCF4 transcription factor gene, which is contained in ...
Parisi Melissa A - - 2007
Joubert syndrome (JS) and related disorders are characterized by the 'molar tooth sign' (cerebellar vermis hypoplasia and brainstem anomalies) on MRI, hypotonia, developmental delay, ataxia, irregular breathing pattern and abnormal eye movements. Combinations of additional features such as polydactyly, ocular coloboma, retinal dystrophy, renal disease, hepatic fibrosis, encephalocele, and other ...
Hinkes Bernward G - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Mutations in each of the NPHS1, NPHS2, WT1, and LAMB2 genes have been implicated in nephrotic syndrome, manifesting in the first year of life. The relative frequency of causative mutations in these genes in children with nephrotic syndrome manifesting in the first year of life is unknown. Therefore, we ...
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