Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1655
< 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 >
Buitkamp Johannes - - 2008
The syndrome of arachnomelia is an inherited malformation mainly of limbs, back and head in cattle. At present the arachnomelia syndrome has been well known mainly in Brown Swiss cattle. Nevertheless, the arachnomelia syndrome had been observed in the Hessian Simmental population during the decade 1964-1974. Recently, stillborn Simmental calves ...
Zheng X Long XL Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and The University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. - - 2008
Profound thrombocytopenia and microangiopathic hemolytic anemia characterize thrombotic microangiopathy, which includes two major disorders: thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) and hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). TTP has at least three types: congenital or familial, idiopathic, and nonidiopathic. The congenital and idiopathic TTP syndromes are caused primarily by deficiency of ADAMTS13, owing to ...
Hajihosseini Mohammad K - - 2008
Apert, Pfeiffer and Crouzon syndromes are congenital craniosynostosis syndromes caused by mutations that perturb the level of fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) signaling. The cellular and molecular impact of these mutations have been studied in vitro and in animal models in vivo. Here, I highlight the complexity of the FGF/FGFR ...
Hennewig Ulrike - - 2008
Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS), a rare disorder typically presenting in the newborn period, results in over 90% of cases from PHOX2B polyalanine repeat mutations. It is characterized by alveolar hypoventilation, symptoms of autonomic nervous system dysregulation, and in a subset of cases Hirschsprung's disease and, later, tumors of neural ...
Olavarrieta L - - 2008
Branchio-oto-renal (BOR) and Stickler (STL) syndromes are disorders that include hearing loss among their clinical features. STL syndrome type I (STL1) is a combination of ophthalmic, orofacial, articular, and auditory manifestations, caused by mutations in the COL2A1. BOR syndrome is an autosomal dominant trait encompassing branchial, otic and renal anomalies ...
Plaisier Emmanuelle E INSERM Unité 702, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris 6, Unités Mixtes de Recherche Scientifique 702, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Hôpital Tenon, France. - - 2007
COL4A3, COL4A4, and COL4A5 are the only collagen genes that have been implicated in inherited nephropathies in humans. However, the causative genes for a number of hereditary multicystic kidney diseases, myopathies with cramps, and heritable intracranial aneurysms remain unknown. We characterized the renal and extrarenal phenotypes of subjects from three ...
Korswagen Lindy-Anne - - 2008
The Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (HPS) is a rare genetically heterogeneous autosomal recessive disorder, characterized by tyrosinase-positive oculocutaneous albinism, platelet dysfunction and lysosomal ceroid lipofuscin storage. This is caused by defects in lysosome-related organelles. In humans eight different types of the syndrome are known, of which a short overview is given. The ...
Asakura Yumi - - 2008
CHARGE syndrome is a complex of congenital malformations, and CHD7 has been reported as a major gene involved in the etiology. We performed endocrine and radiological studies to determine whether endocrinological disorders such as hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, GH deficiency, or hypothyroidism are involved and also whether olfactory bulb hypoplasia and semicircular ...
Doherty Emily S - - 2007
Muenke syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by coronal suture craniosynostosis, hearing loss, developmental delay, carpal and tarsal fusions, and the presence of the Pro250Arg mutation in the FGFR3 gene. Reduced penetrance and variable expressivity contribute to the wide spectrum of clinical findings in Muenke syndrome. To better define ...
Jezela-Stanek A - - 2008
Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (SLOS) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by reduced activity of 7-dehydrocholesterol reductase, resulting in an increased concentrations of 7-dehydrocholesterol and 8-dehydrocholesterol in body fluids and tissues. Phenotypically it is characterized by wide range of abnormalities, from mild to lethal forms what causes difficulties in its clinical diagnostics. ...
Chhibber Vishes - - 2008
The subtype of Muir-Torre syndrome, allelic to hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer is typically associated with germline mutations in the mismatch repair proteins MSH-2 and/or MLH-1. More recently, mutation in an additional mismatch repair protein MSH-6 has been documented in a patient with Muir-Torre syndrome. Given this, the aim of the ...
Kefala-Agoropoulou Kalomoira - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Pearson syndrome is a rare mitochondrial disorder characterized by sideroblastic anemia, liver disease, renal tubulopathy and exocrine pancreas deficiency. OBSERVATIONS: We describe a female infant suffering from anemia since birth who gradually developed the complete picture of Pearson syndrome by 13 months. Iron overload was disproportionate to blood transfusions. ...
Khemani Chetna - - 2007
CINCA syndrome is a genetic disorder characterized by early onset of recurrent fever, rash, progressive articular and neurological involvement. We report a 7-year-old girl with CINCA syndrome with an infrequent manifestation of retinal vasculitis and a relative paucity of neurological signs. She had a de novo F309S mutation in exon ...
Gilio F - - 2007
Allgrove syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterised by childhood onset, alacrima, oesophageal achalasia, adrenocortical insufficiency, neurological and occasionally autonomic involvement. Although the disease has been associated with mutations in the ALADIN gene on chromosome 12q13, it is genetically heterogeneous. The case we report is interesting because of its ...
Wong Virginia C N - - 2007
Rett syndrome is an X-linked dominant neurodevelopmental disorder. Mutation of the methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 gene (MECP2) is present in up to 96% of patients with Rett syndrome. Eight mutations represent the hotspot of MECP2 mutations (R106W, R133C, T158M, R168X, R255X, R270X, R294X, and R306C) in patients with classic Rett syndrome. ...
Quezada Emilio - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Costello syndrome is a rare congenital disorder affecting multiple organ systems, encompassing severe failure to thrive, cardiac anomalies including hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and atrial tachycardia, tumor predisposition, and cognitive impairment. Costello syndrome shares findings with cardio-facio-cutaneous syndrome and the diagnosis can be challenging. The discovery of gene mutations ...
Kulkarni M L - - 2007
Kallmann's syndrome is a rare genetic disorder due to abnormal migration of olfactory axons and gonadotropin releasing hormone producing neurons, characterized by hypogonadism and anosmia. The prevalence of Kallmann's syndrome is 1:10,000 to 1:60,000 with a male to female ratio of 5:1. The inheritance of Kallmann's syndrome may be X-linked, ...
Vasen H F A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The most common inherited colorectal cancer syndrome is the Lynch syndrome (HNPCC) which is characterized by the development of colorectal, endometrial, and other cancers and the presence of microsatellite instability (MSI) in tumours. The syndrome is due to a mutation in one of the mismatch repair (MMR) genes: MSH2, ...
Le Caignec Cedric - - 2007
The WAGR contiguous gene deletion syndrome is a combination of Wilms tumor, aniridia, genitourinary abnormalities, and mental retardation. Children with WAGR syndrome invariably have a constitutional chromosomal deletion at 11p13. WT1 haploinsufficiency is associated with a significant risk of Wilms tumor while PAX6 haploinsufficiency lead to aniridia, both genes located ...
Sproule Douglas M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Tissues with high energy demands, such as the heart, are susceptible to the effects of mitochondrial DNA point mutations. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the frequency of Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome among a phenotypically and genotypically homogeneous cohort of patients with MELAS (mitochondrial encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and strokelike episodes) and the A3243G ...
Kavanagh David - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The last few years have seen the decoding of the genetic basis for atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome. RECENT FINDINGS: Mutations in complement factor H were the first to be associated with atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome. These mutations cluster in the C-terminus of complement factor H. This year ...
Jong Hee - - 2007
Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome is a unique malformation syndrome characterized by a defect in cholesterol biosynthesis, which is very rare among populations in Middle and East Asia. The authors identified compound heterozygous mutations ([p.Arg352Trp] + [p.Lys376ArgfsX37]) in a Korean girl with clinical and laboratory features typical of Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome. The Lys376ArgfsX37 mutation ...
Saugier-Veber Pascale - - 2007
Sotos syndrome is an overgrowth syndrome characterized by distinctive facial features, learning difficulties, and macrocephaly with frequent pre- and postnatal overgrowth with advanced bone age. Here, we report on our experience in the molecular diagnostic of Sotos syndrome on 116 patients. Using direct sequencing and a quantitative multiplex PCR of ...
Tachi Nobutada - - 2007
Neurologic involvement in nevoid basal-cell carcinoma syndrome includes intracranial calcification, congenital hydrocephalus, intracranial neoplasms, and mental retardation. A few cases of epilepsy with nevoid basal-cell carcinoma syndrome were reported. We report on a patient with nevoid basal-cell carcinoma syndrome and West syndrome. The patient had a heterozygous mutation (insertion of ...
Bondurand Nadege - - 2007
Waardenburg syndrome (WS) is an auditory-pigmentary disorder that exhibits varying combinations of sensorineural hearing loss and abnormal pigmentation of the hair and skin. Depending on additional symptoms, WS is classified into four subtypes, WS1-WS4. Absence of additional features characterizes WS2. The association of facial dysmorphic features defines WS1 and WS3, ...
Bao Xinhua - - 2008
Alpers syndrome is a fatal neurogenetic disorder caused by the mutations in POLG1 gene encoding the mitochondrial DNA polymerase gamma (polgamma). Two missense variants, c.248T > C (p.L83P), c.2662G > A (p.G888S) in POLG1 were detected in a 10-year-old Chinese girl with refractory seizures, acute liver failure after exposure to ...
Moldrich Randal X - - 2007
The recent discovery that cellular proliferation was reduced in aneuploid haploid yeast supports a long-standing argument that the developmental neurophenotype of Down syndrome is not uniquely a result of the effects of increased gene dosage. Instead, some phenotypic outcomes appear to resemble those caused by disrupted cellular homeostasis induced by ...
Kim Ben J - - 2007
Alagille syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder caused by mutations in the JAG1 gene. The JAG1 gene encodes a ligand for the Notch receptor and thus is part of a critical signaling pathway during development. The ophthalmologist can play an important role in the diagnosis of Alagille syndrome by identifying ...
Gustafson Shanna - - 2007
Cowden syndrome (CS), due to germline mutations of the PTEN tumor-suppressor gene, is an often overlooked cancer predisposition syndrome associated with an increased risk of breast, thyroid, and endometrial cancers, as well as benign manifestations. Germline PTEN mutations also are associated with syndromes that have not been historically connected to ...
Suri Mohnish M Clinical Genetics Service, City Hospital, Nottingham, - - 2007
Meacham syndrome is a rare sporadically occurring multiple malformation syndrome characterized by male pseudohermaphroditism with abnormal internal female genitalia comprising a uterus and double or septate vagina, complex congenital heart defect and diaphragmatic abnormalities. We report on eight new cases of this condition, two of whom were shown to have ...
Barratt S - - 2007
Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome most commonly presents in neonates with sleep related hypoventilation; late onset cases have occurred up to the age of 10 years. It is associated with mutations in the PHOX2B gene, encoding a transcription factor involved in autonomic nervous system development. The case history is described of ...
Schulz C - - 2007
Crouzon syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder caused by mutation in the fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR)-2 gene. Recent findings from animal studies imply a critical role for FGFs in the regulation of cardiac development including cardiac cushion proliferation and valvulogenesis. We report on a 36-year-old woman, who required surgical ...
Nectoux Juliette - - 2007
Mutations in the methyl-cytosine-phosphate-guanosine dinucleotide (CpG) binding protein 2 gene are identified in up to 90% of patients with classic Rett syndrome. However, the lack of methyl-CpG binding protein 2 mutations in a small group of classic Rett syndrome cases, and the low frequency of these mutations in atypical Rett ...
Ozgül R K - - 2007
Alström syndrome is a rare, autosomal recessive disorder characterized by a wide spectrum of clinical features including early-onset retinal degeneration leading to blindness, sensorineural hearing loss, short stature, obesity, type 2 diabetes, hyperlipidemia and dilated cardiomyopathy. Renal, hepatic and pulmonary dysfunction may occur in the later phases of the disease. ...
Amor David J - - 2007
Keipert syndrome is a rare condition comprising sensorineural deafness associated with facial and digital abnormalities. To date, Keipert syndrome has been reported in six male patients including two sib pairs; however the genetic basis of Keipert syndrome is yet to be elucidated. We report on the diagnosis of Keipert syndrome ...
Mick David U - - 2007
Cytochrome c oxidase (complex IV) of the respiratory chain is assembled from nuclear and mitochondrially-encoded subunits. Defects in the assembly process lead to severe human disorders such as Leigh syndrome. Shy1 is an assembly factor for complex IV in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and mutations of its human homolog, SURF1, are the ...
Bosley T M TM Neuro-ophthalmology Division, King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. - - 2007
The Bosley-Salih-Alorainy syndrome (BSAS) variant of the congenital human HOXA1 syndrome results from autosomal recessive truncating HOXA1 mutations. We describe the currently recognized spectrum of ocular motility, inner ear malformations, cerebrovascular anomalies, and cognitive function. We examined nine affected individuals from five consanguineous Saudi Arabian families, all of whom harbored ...
Banghova Karolina - - 2008
Pendred syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder characterised by sensorineural hearing loss and thyroid dyshormonogenesis. It is caused by mutations in the PDS/SLC26A4 gene (OMIM 605646) encoding for pendrin. Hypothyroidism in Pendred syndrome can be--although rarely--present from birth and therefore diagnosed by neonatal screening. The aim of our study was ...
Schubbert Suzanne - - 2007
Germ line missense mutations in HRAS and KRAS and in genes encoding molecules that function up- or downstream of Ras in cellular signaling networks cause a group of related developmental disorders that includes Costello syndrome, Noonan syndrome, and cardiofaciocutaneous syndrome. We performed detailed biochemical and functional studies of three mutant ...
Ajith Kumar Vadakke Kanakath - - 2008
MYH associated polyposis is an autosomal recessive polyposis syndrome with a high risk of large bowel cancer, caused by mutations in the DNA repair gene MYH. Founder mutations have been described in different ethnic groups. Muir Torre Syndrome is the association of internal malignancies with sebaceous gland tumours; Lynch Syndrome/Hereditary ...
Sharma Ajay P - - 2007
Diarrhea-positive hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is a common cause of acute renal failure in children. Diarrhea-negative (D-), or atypical HUS, is etiologically distinct. A Medline search identified seven previously reported D- cases of HUS secondary to cobalamin C (cblC) disease presenting in infancy. An infantile presentation is reported to be ...
Suphapeetiporn K - - 2007
Mutations in the TBX22 gene underlie an X-linked malformation syndrome with cleft palate (CP) and ankyloglossia. Its mutations also result in non-syndromic CP in some populations. To investigate whether mutations in TBX22 play a part in the formation of non-syndromic CP in the Thai population, we performed mutation analysis covering ...
Sedivá Anna - - 2007
X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) is characterized by low levels of B-lymphocytes with early-onset, recurrent, microbial infections occasionally causing neurological symptoms. We observed an atypical clinical course of XLA, complicated since early childhood with neurological impairment, progressive sensorineural deafness, and dystonia in six boys of four unrelated families. The neurologic symptoms suggested ...
Al-Hassnan Zuhair N - - 2008
Hyperornithinemia-hyperammonemia-homocitrullinuria (HHH) syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in ORNT1 gene that encodes a mitochondrial ornithine transporter. It has variable clinical presentations with episodic hyperammonemia, liver dysfunction, and chronic neurological manifestations. In this work, we report the findings of HHH syndrome in 3 Saudi siblings. The 4-year-old ...
Jedele Kerry Baldwin - - 2007
Rett and Angelman syndromes comprise part of the spectrum of neurologic disorders associated with autism. Their clinical presentations overlap, with both presenting in later infancy with global developmental delays, severe speech and communication impairments, progressive microcephaly, seizures, autistic behaviors, and characteristic albeit different movement disorders and stereotypic hand movements. Although ...
Adams N A - - 2007
While the functions of many of the proteins located in or associated with the photoreceptor cilia are poorly understood, disruption of the function of these proteins may result in a wide variety of phenotypes ranging from isolated retinal degeneration to more pleiotropic phenotypes. Systemic findings include neurosensory hearing loss, developmental ...
Abuelo Dianne - - 2007
The objective of this article is to review microcephaly from a genetics point of view, especially with regard to the process of identification of syndromes in which small head circumference occurs. Microcephaly can be due to either genetic or environmental causes. It can be the only positive finding or may ...
Berk David R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Acanthosis nigricans is a feature of several syndromes caused by activating mutations of the fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 gene (FGFR3), including Crouzon syndrome with acanthosis nigricans, thanatophoric dysplasia, and severe achondroplasia with developmental delay and acanthosis nigricans (SADDAN syndrome). OBSERVATIONS: We describe a healthy 4-year-old African American girl ...
Al-Qattan M M - - 2007
In this paper, we report a new case of congenital duplication of the palm syndrome (also known as limb/pelvis-hypoplasia/aplasia syndrome) and review previously reported cases and Wnt 7a gene mutations associated with that syndrome. Finally, we review the embryonic molecular events of limb development to explain the clinical features of ...
Kanazawa Nobuo - - 2007
The term autoinflammatory syndromes describes a distinct group of systemic inflammatory diseases apparently different from infectious, autoimmune, allergic and immunodeficient ones. Originally, it was almost synonymous with clinically defined hereditary periodic fever syndromes, including familial Mediterranean fever, hyper immunoglobulin D syndrome with periodic fever and tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated periodic ...
< 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 >