Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1655
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Gibson Sarah E - - 2008
Abnormal nuclear megakaryocytic staining for phospho-STAT5 (pSTAT5) correlates with JAK2 V617F mutational status in non-chronic myelogenous leukemia chronic myeloproliferative disorders. However, a proportion of wild-type JAK2 non-chronic myelogenous leukemia chronic myeloproliferative disorders cases also demonstrate this abnormal pSTAT5 expression pattern. We report a patient with a JAK2 V617F-negative myeloproliferative/myelodysplastic syndrome ...
Macknet Cathy A - - 2008
Netherton syndrome is a rare genodermatosis characterized by ichthyosiform scaling, hair shaft abnormalities, and atopic features. Affected infants typically have delayed growth and development, immune abnormalities with recurrent infections, and intermittent aminoaciduria. We report a 23-day-old girl who presented with severe primary pulmonary hypertension, exfoliative erythroderma, and trichorrhexis invaginata. Genetic ...
De Jong Ann - - 2008
Fraser syndrome (MIM 219000) is a rare genetic disorder with major features including cryptophthalmos, syndactyly, and genital anomalies. We report 2 independently autopsied children of the same nonconsanguineous parents. The siblings exhibit similar clinical features, all of which are consistent with a diagnosis of Fraser syndrome. The gross and microscopic ...
Meyer Sara C - - 2008
Hereditary thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a rare disorder characterized by occlusive microvascular thrombosis, consumptive thrombocytopenia, and microangiopathic hemolytic anemia. Homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations in the ADAMTS13 gene result in a congenital severe ADAMTS13 deficiency and subsequent accumulation of ultra-large von Willebrand factor multimers, which tend to form platelet ...
Engenheiro E - - 2008
Mowat-Wilson syndrome (MWS) is an autosomal dominant developmental disorder with mental retardation and variable multiple congenital abnormalities due to mutations of the ZEB2 (ZFHX1B) gene at 2q22. MWS was first described in 1998 and the causative gene was delineated in 2001. Since then, 115 different mutations of ZEB2 have been ...
Marsh Deborah J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A 9-month-old boy with Proteus syndrome and a de novo germline mutation in the tumor suppressor PTEN was referred to a specialist centre for management. Over the first years of life, the patient developed life-threatening respiratory dysfunction and malnutrition because of progressive growth of hamartomas affecting the chest, mediastinum, ...
Shchelochkov Oleg A - - 2008
Noonan syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder with an estimated incidence of 1 in 1,000 to 1 in 2,500 live births. It is characterized by postnatal-onset short stature, characteristic facial changes, webbed neck, pectus carinatum, or excavatum, congenital heart defects, and bleeding abnormalities. Gain-of-function mutations in the PTPN11, KRAS, SOS1, ...
Masri Amira - - 2008
Griscelli syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder. It is characterized by pigment dilution and variable immune deficiency leading to increased susceptibility to certain infections and a tendency to develop a life-threatening hemophagocytic syndrome known as the accelerated phase. Griscelli syndrome is now classified into 3 types based on the ...
Giráldez M Dolores - - 2008
Lynch syndrome, also known as hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer, is the most common form of hereditary colorectal cancer. It is characterized by early onset of colorectal cancer and other extracolonic-associated malignancies. This disorder is inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern and is due to a mutation in one of the ...
Derbent Murat - - 2008
Neonatal Marfan syndrome is a severe form of the syndrome mostly caused by de-novo mutations in the fibrillin-1 gene. We report a newborn with neonatal Marfan syndrome and functional pulmonary atresia who died from congestive heart failure on postnatal day 22 despite treatment. He had a mutation in exon 29 ...
Verma Sanjay - - 2008
Allan-Herndon-Dudley Syndrome (AHDS) is a rare X-linked disorder caused by mutation in the gene encoding the monocarboxylate transporter-8. Abnormal transport function is reflected by elevated free T3 and decreased free T4 levels along with clinical features characterized by neurological abnormalities including global developmental delay, central hypotonia, rotatory nystagmus, impaired hearing, ...
Remme Carol Ann - - 2008
Cardiac sodium channel dysfunction caused by mutations in the SCN5A gene is associated with a number of relatively uncommon arrhythmia syndromes, including long-QT syndrome type 3 (LQT3), Brugada syndrome, conduction disease, sinus node dysfunction, and atrial standstill, which potentially lead to fatal arrhythmias in relatively young individuals. Although these various ...
Hirshoren Nir - - 2008
We report on a new family with Teunissen-Cremers syndrome. The proband presented with congenital conductive hearing loss due to stapes ankylosis and incus short process fixation with skeletal anomalies including symphalangism, broad thumbs and broad first toes, syndactyly, brachydactyly, contractures of the elbows and knees, hyperopia and lens opacities. This ...
Gripp Karen W - - 2008
Costello syndrome is a rare congenital disorder typically characterized by severe failure-to-thrive, cardiac abnormalities including tachyarrhythmia and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, distinctive facial features, a predisposition to papillomata and malignant tumors, neurologic abnormalities, developmental delay, and mental retardation. Its underlying cause is de novo germline mutations in the oncogene HRAS. Almost all ...
Mitter Diana - - 2008
We report on a 5-year-old boy with spondylocarpotarsal synostosis (SCT) syndrome who presents with disproportionate short stature, thoracic scoliosis, pes planus, dental enamel hypoplasia, unilateral conductive hearing loss and mild facial dysmorphisms. Radiographs showed abnormal segmentation of the spine with block vertebrae and carpal synostosis. In addition to the typical ...
Meyer-Marcotty P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome (ARS) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder with an incidence of 1:200 000. Genotype and phenotype are heterogeneous and clinical morphology impresses with variable expressivity. Additionally to the typical craniofacial and dental aberrations anomalies in the morphology of sella turcica are discussed. METHOD: In a multidisciplinary genetic ...
Krol Rafal Przybyslaw - - 2008
Alport syndrome is the most common form of hereditary nephritis and is mainly caused by mutations in the COL4A5 gene, which shows the X-linked form. It is well known that some male Alport syndrome cases show a relatively mild phenotype, but few molecular investigations have been conducted to clarify the ...
Dobbs Matthew B - - 2008
We treated a patient with multiple congenital joint dislocations and facial dysmorphisms consistent with Larsen syndrome. Sequencing of the FLNB gene resulted in identification of a novel, de novo 508G>C point mutation resulting in substitution of proline for a highly conserved alanine (A170P). This mutation has not been described previously ...
Farasat Sharifeh - - 2008
We conducted a literature review to investigate the recent advances in genetics, molecular biology, clinical manifestations, and therapy of 7 inherited diseases that are characterized by seemingly unprovoked inflammation. These autoinflammatory diseases include familial Mediterranean fever; tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated periodic syndrome; hyperimmunoglobulinemia D with periodic fever syndrome; pyogenic arthritis, ...
Arwert L I - - 2008
A case is described here of a young euthyroid woman with a goitre and hearing impairment. Perchlorate discharge test showed increased washout of iodine. Genetic analysis confirmed the diagnosis of Pendred syndrome as a mutation in the Pds gene was found. The patient was treated with potassium iodine orally. During ...
Rouzier Cécile - - 2008
Apert syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder that results from gain-of-function mutations in the FGFR2 gene. FGFR2 also has been shown to be amplified in stomach and breast cancers. We report the case of a 13-year-old female with Apert syndrome who developed an ovarian dysgerminoma. The FGFR2 exon 7 sequencing ...
Edwards A O - - 2008
The inherited vitreoretinal degenerations or vitreoretinopathies are characterized by congenital and acquired disorders of the eye including early onset cataract, anomalies of the vitreous manifesting as optically empty vitreous, course fibrils, and membranes, and retinal detachment. These diseases include Stickler syndrome types I (STL1) and II (STL2), usually caused by ...
Antonius Timothy - - 2008
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a disorder of the development of the lung and diaphragm and is associated with pulmonary hypoplasia and pulmonary hypertension. Denys-Drash syndrome (DDS) is a well-known syndrome caused by several different germline mutations in the WT1-gene. CDH in DDS is rare. We present the third case ...
South Christopher D - - 2008
Lynch syndrome is the predisposition to visceral malignancies that are associated with deleterious germline mutations in DNA mismatch repair genes, including MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, and PMS2. Muir-Torre syndrome is a variant of Lynch syndrome that includes a predisposition to certain skin tumors. We determined the frequency of Muir-Torre syndrome among ...
Sasso Antun - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Mowat-Wilson syndrome is a congenital syndrome caused by a defect of the transcriptional repressor ZFHX1B (SIP1) gene on the chromosome 2q22-q23. The genotype-phenotype analysis confirmed that ZFHX1B deletions and mutations result in a recognizable facial dysmorphism with a multiple congenital anomaly and mental retardation. CASE REPORT: This report is ...
Chiang Pei-Wen - - 2008
Denys-Drash syndrome is a rare genetic disorder featuring the triad of congenital nephropathy, Wilms tumor, and intersex disorders (XY under-virilization or XY female). Denys-Drash syndrome is associated with constitutional mutations in the Wilms tumor suppressor gene WT1. Unlike WAGR (Wilms tumor, aniridia, genitourinary anomalies, and mental retardation) syndrome, with its ...
Janjua Shahbaz A - - 2008
Haim-Munk syndrome is an extremely rare autosomal recessive disorder of keratinization characterized clinically by palmoplantar hyperkeratosis, severe early onset periodontitis, onychogryphosis, pes planus, arachnodactyly, and acro-osteolysis. Recently, germline mutations in the lysosomal protease cathepsin C gene have been identified as the underlying genetic defect in Haim-Munk syndrome and in the ...
Berrettini Stefano - - 2008
Over the last decade, a number of distinct mutations in the mtDNA (mitochondrial DNA) have been found to be associated with both syndromic and non-syndromic forms of hearing impairment. Their real incidence as a cause of deafness is poorly understood and generally underestimated. Among the known mtDNA mutations, the A1555G ...
Denayer Ellen - - 2008
Costello syndrome is a mental retardation syndrome characterized by high birth weight, postnatal growth retardation, coarse face, loose skin, cardiovascular problems, and tumor predisposition. De novo heterozygous missense mutations in HRAS codon 12 and 13 disturbing the intrinsic GTP hydrolysis cause Costello syndrome. We report a patient with typical Costello ...
Croonen Ellen A EA Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The - - 2008
Noonan syndrome is a developmental disorder with distinctive facial features, short stature and cardiac abnormalities. In this cross-sectional study, we evaluated characteristic electrocardiographic (ECG) findings and cardiac abnormalities in 84 patients with Noonan syndrome, 56 (67%) of who were positive for a PTPN11 mutation. As reported previously, pulmonary stenosis was ...
Yin Liangjun - - 2008
Apert syndrome is one of the most severe craniosynostosis that is mainly caused by either a Ser252Trp(S252W) or Pro253Arg(P253R) mutation in fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2). As an autosomal dominant disorder, Apert syndrome is mainly characterized by skull malformation resulting from premature fusion of craniofacial sutures, as well as ...
Ohtsuka Motoko - - 2008
We herein report 3 cases of Mowat-Wilson syndrome, characterized by distinct facial features, severe psychomotor retardation, and epilepsy, recurring in 3 siblings from the same parents. The proband was a 15-month-old boy, the youngest of 3 children (2 elder sisters), who was referred to our hospital for the treatment of ...
Matson Johnny L - - 2008
Rett syndrome is a genetically linked form of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) accompanied by intellectual disability (ID). The disorder is also characterized by cardiorespiratory dysregulation, disturbance in muscle tone, reduced brain growth and scoliosis. Over 300 studies have been published on the disorder, most of which has focused on identification ...
Nomura Tasuku - - 2008
Both fragile X syndrome and Rett syndrome are commonly associated with autism spectrum disorders and involve defects in synaptic plasticity. MicroRNA is implicated in synaptic plasticity because fragile X mental retardation protein was recently linked to the microRNA pathway. DNA methylation is also involved in synaptic plasticity since methyl CpG-binding ...
Maksimovic L - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Muckle-Wells syndrome (MWS) and familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome (FCAS) are rare periodic fevers associated with CIAS1 mutations. A third entity, the chronic infantile neurological, cutaneous, articular (CINCA) syndrome was also recently associated with mutation in the same gene. A phenotypic and genotypic continuum seems to exist from the most ...
Milewicz Dianna M - - 2008
Thoracic aortic aneurysms leading to type A dissections (TAAD) can be inherited in isolation or in association with genetic syndromes, such as Marfan syndrome and Loeys-Dietz syndrome. When TAAD occurs in the absence of syndromic features, it is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner with decreased penetrance and variable expression, ...
Gu W - - 2008
Several new genomic disorders caused by copy number variation (CNV) of genes whose dosage is critical for the physiological function of the nervous system have been recently identified. Dup(7)(q11.23) patients carry duplications of the genomic region deleted in Williams-Beuren syndrome, they are characterized by prominent speech delay. The phenotypes of ...
Scheckenbach Kathrin - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A combined aplasia, hypoplasia or atresia of lacrimal points and salivary glands is rarely diagnosed. Those patients suffer from epiphora, xerostomia and severe dental caries. This phenotype represents the autosomal-dominant aplasia of lacrimal and salivary glands syndrome (ALSG). Recently, aberrations of the Fibroblast Growth Factor 10 (FGF10) gene have ...
Davit-Spraul Anne - - 2008
The present report describes CFC1 gene analysis in 10 patients with polysplenia syndrome. The heterozygous transition c.433G>A (Ala145Thr) located in exon 5 was identified in 5 patients, with a twice-higher frequency than in control patients. These results suggest that heterozygous CFC1 mutation may represent a genetic predisposition to biliary atresia ...
Stulp Rein P - - 2008
Lynch syndrome (HNPCC) is a dominantly inherited disorder characterized by germline defects in DNA mismatch repair (MMR) genes and the development of a variety of cancers, predominantly colorectal and endometrial. We present a 44-year-old woman who was shown to carry the truncating MSH2 gene mutation that had previously been identified ...
Athanasiadis A P - - 2008
Apert syndrome is a rare congenital malformation syndrome characterized by the triad of cutaneous and progressive bony syndactyly, midfacial hypoplasia and craniosynostosis. Two missense mutations of the gene encoding the fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2) have been implicated in most cases. We report a case of Apert syndrome detected ...
Goldstone Anthony P AP MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, Hammersmith Hospital, Imperial College London, UK. - - 2008
There are numerous reports of multi-system genetic disorders with obesity. Many have a characteristic presentation and several, an overlapping phenotype indicating the likelihood of a shared common underlying mechanism or pathway. By understanding the genetic causes and functional perturbations of such syndromes we stand to gain tremendous insight into obesogenic ...
Berge K E - - 2008
Mutations in the KCNQ1, HERG, SCN5A, minK and MiRP1 genes cause long QT syndrome (LQTS), of which there are two forms: the Romano Ward syndrome and the Jervell and Lange-Nielsen syndrome. We have performed DNA sequencing of the LQTS-associated genes in 169 unrelated patients referred for genetic testing with respect ...
Minzer-Conzetti Karen - - 2008
We report a 20-year-old man with trismus-pseudocamptodactyly (TPS) syndrome who was found to have the same MYH8 mutation, p.R674Q, described in previous families with TPS syndrome and in one family with a Carney complex variant, trismus and pseudocamptodactyly. This patient had facial asymmetry, ptosis and downslanting palpebral fissures and multiple ...
Notarangelo Luigi D - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome is caused by mutations of the Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein gene, which codes for a cytoplasmic protein with multiple functions. This review will focus on recent progress in understanding the molecular basis of Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome and its ramifications for the cure of this lethal disease. RECENT ...
Biesecker Leslie G - - 2008
The Greig cephalopolysyndactyly syndrome (GCPS) is a pleiotropic, multiple congenital anomaly syndrome. It is rare, but precise estimates of incidence are difficult to determine, as ascertainment is erratic (estimated range 1-9/1,000,000). The primary findings include hypertelorism, macrocephaly with frontal bossing, and polysyndactyly. The polydactyly is most commonly preaxial of the ...
Van Borsel J - - 2008
Simpson-Golabi-Behmel syndrome (SGBS) is an X-linked disorder caused by a mutation of the glypican-3 gene. The physical characteristics associated with SGBS have been documented in several papers, but information on the behavioral phenotype is scarce. We report on the speech and language characteristics in an 8 year-old-boy with SGBS. The ...
Kolb-Mäurer Annette - - 2008
Conradi-Hünermann-Happle syndrome, or X-linked dominant chondrodysplasia punctata, is a rare genetic disorder characterized by skeletal dysplasia, stippled epiphyses, cataracts, transient ichthyosis and atrophic residua in a mosaic pattern. Mutations in the gene encoding the emopamil-binding protein have been identified as an underlying cause. A 5-year-old girl presented for evaluation of ...
Gilaberte Yolanda - - 2008
Cerebral giantism or Sotos syndrome consists of a pre- and postnatal overgrowth whose genetic basis are mutations and deletions of the nuclear receptor-binding SET domain containing protein gene. These patients have an increased risk of developing neoplasms, especially in adulthood. We report a 9-year-old boy, diagnosed with familial Sotos syndrome, ...
Miyoshi Takashi - - 2008
Sweet syndrome is a multisystem inflammatory disorder characterized by acute fever, as well as painful erythematous plaques infiltrated with mature neutrophils in the absence of vasculitis. The pathogenesis of the disease has not yet been clarified, although several proinflammatory cytokines have been reported to be involved in the disease process. ...
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