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Results 501 - 550 of 1655
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Lei Ming - - 2008
Voltage-gated Na+ channels are transmembrane proteins that produce the fast inward Na+ current responsible for the depolarization phase of the cardiac action potential. They play fundamental roles in the initiation, propagation, and maintenance of normal cardiac rhythm. Inherited mutations in SCN5A, the gene encoding the pore-forming alpha-subunit of the cardiac-type ...
Charpentier Flavien - - 2008
Both gain- and loss-of-function mutations in the SCN5A gene, which encodes the alpha-subunit of the cardiac voltage-gated Na+ channel Na(v)1.5, are well established to underlie hereditary arrhythmic syndromes (cardiac channelopathies) such as the type 3 long QT syndrome, cardiac conduction diseases, Brugada syndrome, sick sinus syndrome, atrial standstill and numerous ...
van Wijk Erwin - - 2009
Usher syndrome (USH) and Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA) are autosomal recessive disorders resulting in syndromic and non-syndromic forms of blindness. In order to gain insight into the pathogenic mechanisms underlying retinal degeneration, we searched for interacting proteins of USH2A isoform B (USH2A(isoB)) and the LCA5-encoded protein lebercilin. We identified a ...
Mansour Suzanne L - - 2009
The heterozygous Pro250Arg substitution mutation in fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3), which increases ligand-dependent signalling, is the most common genetic cause of craniosynostosis in humans and defines Muenke syndrome. Since FGF signalling plays dosage-sensitive roles in the differentiation of the auditory sensory epithelium, we evaluated hearing in a large ...
Orloff M S - - 2008
Germline PTEN (Phosphatase and TENsin homologue deleted on chromosome TEN) mutations predispose to phenotypically diverse disorders that share several overlapping clinical features: Cowden syndrome, Bannayan-Riley-Ruvalcaba syndrome, Proteus syndrome and Proteus-like syndrome, collectively classified as PTEN hamartoma tumour syndrome (PHTS). The meticulous acquisition and documentation of PHTS phenotypic data at different ...
Hsieh Elena W Y - - 2008
Opitz G/BBB syndrome is characterized by midline abnormalities such as hypertelorism, cleft palate, and hypospadias. This syndrome is heterogeneous with an X-linked recessive form caused by mutations in the MID1 gene at band Xp22.3. However, mutations in MID1 have only been identified in 47% of familial cases of X-linked Opitz ...
Kim Joon J Department of Neurosciences, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, - - 2008
Joubert syndrome (JS) is a developmental brain disorder characterized by cerebellar vermis hypoplasia, abnormal eye movement, ataxia and mental retardation. Mutations in CEP290 mutations are responsible for the cerebello-oculo-renal subtype of JS that includes kidney cysts and retinal degeneration, two phenotypes commonly linked to ciliopathies. CEP290 mutations are also associated ...
Chen Szu-Ta - - 2008
Myoclonic epilepsy associated with ragged red fibers (MERRF) syndrome is one of the major mitochondrial encephalomyopathies, with the involvement of various organs, which could be caused by mitochondrial A8344G DNA mutation. Monostotic fibrous dysplasia of bone, an asymptomatic developmental disorder, was reported to result from c-fos overexpression in osteogenic cells. ...
Nakamura Naoyuki - - 2008
Multiple joint contractures, including radiohumeral synostosis, are the hallmark of Antley-Bixler syndrome (ABS). The detailed description of the skeletal aberration, however, focused in feet is scarce. We carried out the scrutiny for foot lesion in three ABS patients with POR (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-oxidase-cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase) gene mutations, one of ...
Hedrich C M - - 2008
Chronic infantile neurological cutaneous and articular (CINCA) syndrome is an autoinflammatory disease, defined by the triad of urticarial rash, neurological manifestations, and arthropathy, accompanied by recurrent fevers and systemic inflammation. Increasing neurological deficits result from aseptic meningitis. Sensorineural hearing loss and progressive loss of vision caused by keratoconjunctivitis or papilloedema ...
Lazic Tamara - - 2008
Keratitis-ichthyosis-deafness syndrome is a rare congenital ectodermal disorder, characterized by presence of skin lesions, neurosensory hearing loss, and vascularizing keratitis. Several autosomal dominant mutations in the Connexin 26 gene (GJB2) have been discovered as a cause of this syndrome. We report two patients who presented with a combination of clinical ...
Matarazzo M R - - 2009
Spatial organisation of DNA into chromatin profoundly affects gene expression and function. The recent association of genes controlling chromatin structure to human pathologies resulted in a better comprehension of the interplay between regulation and function. Among many chromatin disorders we will discuss Rett and immunodeficiency, centromeric instability and facial anomalies ...
Le Gloan Laurianne - - 2008
We report a child presenting with Alagille and Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndromes. Standard karyotyping showed a de novo 46,XY,t(1;6)(p31;q16) translocation. Fluorescent in situ hybridization analysis identified a de novo deletion in the 20p12 chromosomal region encompassing JAG1, the major gene responsible for Alagille syndrome. The aberration was further characterized using an ...
Palace Jackie J Department of Clinical Neurology, Level 3, West Wing, John Radcliffe Hospital, Headley Way, Headington OX3 9DU, UK. - - 2008
The congenital myasthenic syndromes (CMS) are rare inherited disorders of neuromuscular transmission characterised by fatigable muscle weakness. Thus far, genetic analysis has identified mutations in eleven different genes but it is clear that additional phenotypic subgroups exist where the underlying genetics has not yet been defined. Although each syndrome results ...
Kopp Peter - - 2008
Pendred syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by sensorineural hearing impairment, presence of goiter, and a partial defect in iodide organification, which may be associated with insufficient thyroid hormone synthesis. Goiter development and development of hypothyroidism are variable and depend on nutritional iodide intake. Pendred syndrome is caused by ...
Kalotychou V - - 2008
Gilbert's syndrome is a genetically controlled non-hemolytic unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia, caused by reduced activity of UDP-glucoroniltransferase 1, an enzyme critical in bilirubin metabolism. Several molecular configurations may be implicated in a Gilbert's phenotype. Familial mediterranean fever (FMF) is an inherited acute relapsing inflammatory disorder, affecting Mediterranean and Middle East populations. The ...
Paetau Anders - - 2008
Hydrolethalus syndrome is a lethal malformation syndrome with a severe brain malformation, most often hydrocephaly and absent midline structures. Other frequent findings are micrognathia, polydactyly, and defective lobation of the lungs. Hydrolethalus syndrome is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner and is caused by a missense mutation in the HYLS1 ...
Wang Shi-Bing - - 2008
Mutation of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) G13513A, encoding the ND5 subunit of respiratory chain complex I, can cause mitochondrial encephalopathy with lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) and Leigh syndrome. Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome and optic atrophy were reported in a high proportion of patients with this mutation. We report an 18-month-old ...
Cho Mee-Yon - - 2008
We present the first report of ovarian dysgerminoma in Cowden syndrome, presenting in a 7-year-old girl. In her second decade, a hamartomatous soft tissue extremity mass and diffuse gastrointestinal hamartomatous polyposis with pathologic features suggestive of either juvenile, Peutz-Jeghers, or Cowden polyps were identified, along with diffuse esophageal glycogenic acanthosis ...
Goto Makoto - - 2008
Complete loss of function in the WRN: RecQ3 DNA/RNA helicase gene causes Werner Syndrome (WS). WS patients with genetic instability manifest an early onset of age-related diseases including diabetes mellitus (DM), osteoporosis, atherosclerosis, and malignancy as well as early death. In 1,420 patients, WS was reported to be associated with ...
Aoki Yoko - - 2008
The RAS proteins and their downstream pathways play pivotal roles in cell proliferation, differentiation, survival and cell death, but their physiological roles in human development had remained unknown. Noonan syndrome, Costello syndrome, and cardio-facio-cutaneous (CFC) syndrome are autosomal dominant multiple congenital anomaly syndromes characterized by a distinctive facial appearance, heart ...
Setty Subba Rao Gangi SR Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, - - 2008
Copper is a cofactor for many cellular enzymes and transporters. It can be loaded onto secreted and endomembrane cuproproteins by translocation from the cytosol into membrane-bound organelles by ATP7A or ATP7B transporters, the genes for which are mutated in the copper imbalance syndromes Menkes disease and Wilson disease, respectively. Endomembrane ...
Laugel V - - 2008
The cerebro-oculo-facio-skeletal syndrome (COFS syndrome) is an autosomal recessive disorder which was initially described in a specific aboriginal population from Manitoba. In recent years, COFS syndrome has been linked in this original population to a defective DNA repair pathway and to a homozygous mutation in the major gene underlying Cockayne ...
Gad Alona A Division of Medical Genetics, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195-7720, - - 2008
The Waardenburg syndromes (WS) account for approximately 2% of congenital sensorineural deafness. This heterogeneous group of diseases currently can be categorized into four major subtypes (WS types 1-4) on the basis of characteristic clinical features. Multiple genes have been implicated in WS, and mutations in some genes can cause more ...
Knops Noël B B - - 2008
We report on an infant boy with congenital hydrocephalus due to L1 syndrome and polyuria due to diabetes insipidus. We initially believed his excessive urine loss was from central diabetes insipidus and that the cerebral malformation caused a secondary insufficient pituitary vasopressin release. However, he failed to respond to treatment ...
Marcialis Maria Antonietta - - 2008
This paper describes the manifestation in a child of a new syndrome characterized by unusual, severe, persistent hyponatremia associated with hyposmolarity, euvolemia, inappropriately concentrated urine and elevated natriuresis. This is the fourth case of this syndrome reported to date, and the first to be reported in a neonate. The clinical ...
Ye┼čilkaya Ediz - - 2009
Reported here is a 2-year-old girl who was diagnosed to have thiamine-responsive megaloblastic anemia during evaluations for her bilateral neurosensorial deafness. Besides reporting a new mutation on the gene SLC19A2 for the first time in the literature, we highlight the recognition of this syndrome--when megaloblastic anemia and diabetes mellitus coexists--and ...
Mihai Cristina Maria - - 2008
Over the past ten years, several studies demonstrated the connections between cilia, basal bodies and human diseases with a wide phenotypic spectrum, including randomization of body symmetry, obesity, cystic kidney diseases and retinal degeneration. Alstr?m syndrome (OMIM 203800) first described in 1959, is a rare autosomal recessive disorder caused by ...
De Raeve L - - 2008
Keratitis ichthyosis deafness syndrome is a rare congenital ectodermal disorder. It appears to be genetically heterogeneous and may be caused by mutations in the connexin 26 (Cx26) gene (GJB2) or in the connexin 30 gene. It is characterized by the association of ichthyosis-like skin lesions, hearing loss, and vascularizing keratitis. ...
Autexier Chantal - - 2008
Dyskeratosis congenita (DC) is a rare syndrome, characterized by cutaneous abnormalities and premature death caused by bone marrow failure. In this issue of Genes & Development, Hockemeyer and colleagues (pp. 1773-1785) report a new mouse model that reconstitutes key features of DC. Disease phenotypes are generated by a POT1b deletion ...
Samimi S - - 2008
PURPOSE: Papillorenal syndrome is an autosomal dominant entity due to PAX2 gene mutation, involving optic nerve and renal malformations. METHODS: The authors report a 19-year-old man with bilateral macular detachment associated with optic nerve pit in one eye and morning glory syndrome in the other eye. The patient underwent three-port ...
Colaizzo Donatella - - 2008
Myeloproliferative diseases represent a major risk factor for Budd-Chiari syndrome. In 32 patients with Budd-Chiari syndrome, the JAK2 V617F mutation was detected, in heterozygous state, in 11 individuals (34.4%; 95% confidence interval: 18.6-53.2). Eight patients with (72.7%; 95% confidence interval: 39.0-94.0) and six without (28.6%; 95% confidence interval: 11.3-52.2) the ...
Brunner Sandra - - 2008
Male infertility is one possible consequence of a group of disorders arising from dysfunction of cilia. Ciliopathies include primary ciliary dyskinesia, polycystic kidney disease, Usher syndrome, nephronophthisis, Bardet-Biedl syndrome, Alstrom syndrome, and Meckel-Gruber syndrome as well as some forms of retinal degenerations. Mutations in the retinitis pigmentosa GTPase regulator gene ...
Lutomska Anna - - 2008
The Werner syndrome protein (WRN) is mutated in Werner syndrome (WS) and plays a role in telomere maintenance, DNA repair and transcription. WS represents a premature aging syndrome with severe growth retardation. Here we show that WRN is critically required to mediate the stimulatory effect of vascular endothelial growth factor ...
Finsterer Josef - - 2008
Mitochondrial disorders, in particular respiratory chain diseases (RCDs), present either as single organ problem or as multi-system disease. One of the most frequently affected organs in RCDs, in addition to the skeletal muscle, is the central nervous system (CNS). CNS manifestations of RCDs include epilepsy, stroke-like episodes, migraine-like headache, ataxia, ...
Cherkaoui Jaouad Imane - - 2008
Omenn syndrome is a form of severe combined immunodeficiency associated with erythrodermia, hepatosplenomegaly, lymphadenopathy, and alopecia. Inherited hypomorphic mutations in the recombination activating genes 1 and 2 (RAG1 and RAG2) and in ARTEMIS genes and more recently defects in IL7RA, and RMRP genes have been described to be responsible of ...
Ariani Francesca - - 2008
Rett syndrome is a severe neurodevelopmental disease caused by mutations in the X-linked gene encoding for the methyl-CpG-binding protein MeCP2. Here, we report the identification of FOXG1-truncating mutations in two patients affected by the congenital variant of Rett syndrome. FOXG1 encodes a brain-specific transcriptional repressor that is essential for early ...
Toromanovic Alma - - 2009
The triple A syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disease that is characterised by the triad of adrenocorticotropin (ACTH)-resistant adrenal insufficiency, achalasia and alacrima. In most patients, neurological and dermatological abnormalities are associated features. We report on the first Bosnian patient with triple A syndrome. Endocrine investigation confirmed primary adrenal ...
de Alencastro G - - 2008
We report the identification of a novel mutation at a highly conserved residue within the N-terminal region of spermine synthase (SMS) in a second family with Snyder-Robinson X-linked mental retardation syndrome (OMIM 309583). This missense mutation, p.G56S, greatly reduces SMS activity and leads to severe epilepsy and cognitive impairment. Our ...
Akinci B - - 2009
Gitelman's syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by various mutations of the thiazide- sensitive sodium chloride cotransporter gene. Hypokalaemia, metabolic alkalosis, hypomagnesemia, and hypocalciuria are major clinical features of the syndrome. The onset of the disease is in early adulthood with a mild muscle weakness complaint or incidentally diagnosed ...
Strassburg Christian P CP Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Endocrinology, Hannover Medical School, Carl-Neuberg-Str. 1, 30625 Hannover, Germany. - - 2008
Gilbert's syndrome is characterized by mild unconjugated nonhemolytic hyperbilirubinemia, which does not lead to hepatic inflammation, fibrosis, chronic liver disease or liver failure. Almost 100 years after its clinical description, it was linked to a genetic variant of the human bilirubin UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT1A1), UGT1A1 (*)28, found in approximately 40% of ...
Yoshida Rie - - 2008
Although Noonan syndrome (NS) is occasionally associated with embryonal solid tumors, there has been no report of hepatoblastoma in NS. We identified hepatoblastoma spreading into bilateral hepatic lobes in a 1-month-old NS patient with a heterozygous PTPN11 mutation (Asn308Asp). This finding suggests the potential relevance of constitutively activated RAS/MAPK signaling ...
Williams Theresa Anne - - 2008
Knobloch syndrome (KNO) is a rare autosomal recessive condition caused by pathogenic mutations in the COL18A1 gene. It is characterized by high myopia, vitreoretinal degeneration, retinal detachment and midline encephalocoele or midline occipital bone defect. We report a case of KNO confirmed by direct sequence analysis of the COL18A1 gene ...
Galassi Giuliana - - 2008
MtDNA instability is associated with a wide spectrum of clinical presentations, from dominant or recessive progressive external ophthalmoplegia (PEO) to juvenile-onset spino-cerebellar ataxia and epilepsy (SCAE) or infantile Alpers-Huttenlocher syndrome. We present here the clinical and molecular features of a patient with a clinical presentation characterized initially by PEO with ...
Wang Li - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We undertook a genome wide single nucleotide polymorphism analysis of a spectrum of patients with myelodysplastic syndrome del(5q) in order to investigate whether additional genomic abnormalities occur. Single nucleotide polymorphism array analysis has been shown to detect not only gene deletions but also regions of uniparental disomy that can ...
Gennery A R - - 2008
More than 11 genetic causes of severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) have been identified, affecting development and/or function of T lymphocytes, and sometimes B lymphocytes and natural killer (NK) cells. Deletion of 22q11.2 is associated with immunodeficiency, although less than 1% of cases are associated with T-B + NK + SCID ...
Abe Daijiro - - 2008
POEMS syndrome is a rare plasma cell disorder characterized by peripheral neuropathy, monoclonal gammopathy, and high levels of serum vascular endothelial growth factor, the pathogenesis of which remains unclear. A unique feature of this syndrome is that the proliferating monoclonal plasma cells are essentially lambda-restricted. Here we determined complete nucleotide ...
Laccone F - - 2008
We report a family in which two siblings presented with an apparent dysmorphic syndrome, including hypotelorism, blepharophimosis, slight ptosis, epicanthal folds, microstomia and dysmorphic ears. One sibling had a cleft palate. Initially, blepharophimosis, ptosis, and epicanthus inversus syndrome (BPES) was suspected; however, mutation of the FOXL2 gene was not detected. ...
Sartori Stefano - - 2008
Angelman syndrome is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by mental retardation, absence of speech, seizures, abnormal electroencephalography (EEG), and happy disposition. The syndrome results from lack of function of the maternal copy of the UBE3A gene on the imprinted Prader-Willi/Angelman syndrome critical region; it is caused by large deletions, paternal uniparental ...
Bosley Thomas M - - 2008
We describe nine previously unreported individuals from six families who have homozygous mutations of HOXA1 and either the Bosley-Salih-Alorainy syndrome (BSAS) or the Athabascan brainstem dysgenesis syndrome (ABDS). Congenital heart disease was present in four BSAS patients, two of whom had neither deafness nor horizontal gaze restriction, thus raising the ...
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