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Saini Arushi Gahlot AG From the Unit of Pediatric Neurology and Neurodevelopment (A.G.S., P.S.), Department of Pediatrics (S.N., J.K.S., A.R.), and Department of Radiodiagnosis (S.V.), Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, - - 2014
A 3-year-old boy developed viral illness followed by fever, altered sensorium, focal seizures, and neuroregression. Examination showed silvery-gray hair (figure 1A), bilateral papilledema, spastic quadriparesis, brisk muscle-stretch reflexes, extensor plantars, hepatosplenomegaly, and normally pigmented skin, iris, and retina. Hair microscopy confirmed Griscelli syndrome (GS) (figure 1, B-D). MRI brain was ...
Lee Shui Shan SS The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, People's Republic of China; Stanley Ho Centre for Infectious Diseases, Postgraduate Education Centre, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, People's Republic of China. Electronic address: - - 2014
To effectively track the growth of influenza, we piloted an online system to monitor influenza-like illness (ILI) in the community in one district of Hong Kong. Four syndromic markers, namely fever, respiratory symptoms, fever with respiratory symptoms, fever and/or respiratory symptoms, either of the individual or of the household, were ...
Zumla Alimuddin I AI University College London, - - 2014
The Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) is a new killer respiratory disease caused by the MERS coronavirus (CoV) first reported from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) in September 2012, after identification of a novel betacoronavirus from a Saudi Arabian patient who died from a severe respiratory illness (1, 2). ...
Hui David S DS aDepartment of Medicine & Therapeutics, Stanley Ho Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong bMinistry of Health, King Faisal University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia cDivision of Infection and Immunity, Department of Infection, Centre for Clinical Microbiology, University College London dNIHR Biomedical Research Centre, University College London Hospitals, London, - - 2014
This review compares the clinical features, laboratory aspects and treatment options of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS). Bats are the natural reservoirs of SARS-like coronaviruses (CoVs) and are likely the reservoir of MERS coronavirus (MERS-CoV). Although a small number of camels have been ...
- - 2014
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0084839.].
Nayak Seema U - - 2013
The manifestations of human monocytic ehrlichiosis range from a mild febrile syndrome to a severe multisystem illness. Myocardial involvement is uncommon. We report a woman, 78 years of age, who was treated with trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole after a tick bite, in whom myocarditis was subsequently diagnosed. She recovered completely after doxycycline therapy.
Wilson Elisha L - - 2013
Objectives. We compared school nurse visit syndromic surveillance system data to emergency department (ED) visit data for monitoring illness in New York City schoolchildren. Methods. School nurse visit data recorded in an electronic health record system are used to conduct daily surveillance of influenza-like illness, fever-flu, allergy, asthma, diarrhea, and ...
Carabellese Felice F Section of Criminology and Forensic Psychiatry, DIM, University of Bari, - - 2014
Violent behavior has frequently been reported in cases of Capgras' delusion, a misidentification syndrome characterized by the false belief that imposters have replaced people familiar to the individual. To better understand the relationship between Capgras' syndrome and violence. After a brief overview of the scientific knowledge of delusional misidentification syndromes, ...
Kattimani Shivanand S Department of Psychiatry, Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, - - 2013
Young men presenting with sexual problems arising out of non-contact like semen loss syndrome are common in the Indian subcontinent. They usually present with depressive, anxiety symptoms, and non-specific somatic complaints. This has no medical explanation and is currently conceptualized as a culture bound neurotic disorder in the International Classification ...
Kotlyar Simon - - 2013
Fever in ill travelers returning home from developing nations is common. Most travelers present with undifferentiated febrile syndromes. Regional proportionate morbidity rates and patients' travel histories are essential in narrowing the differential diagnosis. Most patients in whom a diagnosis is confirmed have malaria, dengue fever, enteric fever, or rickettsial disease. ...
Wei Junping - - 2013
To explore the laws governing the distribution of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) syndrome elements (SEs) of senile diabetes (SD) and their relationship to relevant factors. An investigation of patients who met the inclusion criteria was conducted by trained doctors, using case report forms. All related data were collected, including body ...
Shahrizaila Nortina - - 2013
Introduction: Differing patterns of neurophysiological abnormalities have been reported in patients with Fisher syndrome. Fisher syndrome is rare and few series have incorporated prospective serial studies, which have proven helpful in defining the natural history of nerve conduction studies in Guillain-Barré syndrome. Methods: In an ongoing prospective study of Guillain-Barré ...
Khan I D ID Department of Pathology and Molecular Medicine, Army Hospital Research and Referral, New Delhi 110010, - - 2013
In a first of its kind, a 20 year old Hindu, highlander, working girl presented with abnormal behavior, unrelenting symptoms, had limited benefit by usual treatment and was diagnosed as Possession syndrome. Exorcism offered symptomatic relief. The girl resumed normal activities with no recurrence in a 12 month follow up. ...
Malleshappa Pavan P Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Adichunchanagiri Institute of Medical Sciences, Mandya, - - 2013
Patients presenting with nephrotic syndrome with or without nephritic illness rarely come across with the diagnosis of 'C1q nephropathy'. This entity is purely diagnosed with the help of immunofluorescence like IgA nephropathy. Clinical presentation is heterogenous, ranging from nephrotic range proteinuria to sub-nephrotic state; and with or without hematuria / ...
Lim Poh Lian - - 2013
Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS CoV) came to attention as an emerging pathogen causing severe respiratory illness in patients from the Middle East in September 2012. As of 14 June 2013, 58 human cases of MERS CoV infection have been confirmed, including 33 deaths (case fatality rate of 57%). ...
Mishra Kirtisudha - - 2013
Cold agglutinin syndrome (CAS) secondary to infection is rare, usually presenting with anaemia and minor skin changes. A 12-year-old girl with secondary CAS associated with extensive cutaneous necrosis is reported. She presented with fever and multiple necrotic lesions over both cheeks, the tip of nose, ear margins, hands and buttocks, ...
Kanthimathinathan Hari Krishnan - - 2013
Papillon-Lefèvre syndrome is characterised by palmoplantar keratoderma, periodontitis and pyogenic infections. We describe the first case of brain abscess in a child with this syndrome. We highlight the importance of recognising any associated diagnosis, however rare or apparently irrelevant, in an acutely and critically ill child.
Gérard V V Department of Emergency Medicine, CHU Mont-Godinne, Yvoir, Belgium. - - 2013
Anticonvulsant hypersensitivity syndrome (ACHSS) is rare and defined by a group of systemic symptoms: a typical clinical triad with skin rash, high fever and lymphadenopathy, with or without multiple organ dysfunctions. Its variable presentation renders diagnosis particularly difficult yet important, as delayed diagnosis can lead to serious complications. We describe ...
van Bemmel Karin - - 2013
Objective. To explore processes of conceptualizing nodding syndrome (NS), an unknown illness which has been reported to affect thousands of children in post-conflict northern Uganda, in South Sudan and in Tanzania. Design. This qualitative study comprised 40 in-depth interviews with affected families, health workers and politicians during five months of ...
Cynober Luc - - 2013
Low plasma citrulline levels have been associated with a reduction of functional gut mass in various clinical situations. In critically ill patients, citrulline variations are tricky to interpret because of sepsis, vascular abnormalities, and multiple organ failure. In the previous issue of Critical Care, Ware and colleagues made an important ...
Allen Jennifer C - - 2013
Hemolyitic uremic syndrome (HUS), characterized by triad of acute kidney injury, thrombocytopenia, and hemolytic anemia, has considerable morbidity and mortality and is known to be associated with diarrheal illness. It usually occurs after a diarrheal illness due to Shiga-toxin-producing Escherichia coli. Streptococcus pneumoniae is a rare but well recognized trigger ...
Abbas Ola - - 2013
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a neurological disorder characterised by distinct radiological features. Common precipitants of this disorder include acute medical illness, hypertensive crisis, eclampsia, immunosuppressive therapy and chemotherapy. We present the case of a patient with advanced ovarian carcinoma who developed PRES shortly after receiving bevacizumab (Avastin), an ...
Kloesel Benjamin - - 2013
Guillain-Barré syndrome is an immune-mediated polyneuropathy that frequently presents with progressive muscle weakness. Hyponatremia has recently been described as a feature of this condition, generally appearing over the course of the illness and following the diagnosis of this demyelinating process. We report a case of Guillain-Barré syndrome presenting with severe ...
Gupta Ravi - - 2013
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) rarely affects the upper limb during the initial course of disease. We present a patient who complained of symptoms suggesting RLS in the right upper limb as the sole manifestation of illness. Bilateral cervical ribs and depression were co-incidental findings. Patient responded well to dopaminergic therapy.
Salviati Massimo - - 2013
Delusional misidentification syndromes are a group of delusional phenomena in which patients misidentify familiar persons, objects, or themselves, believing that they have been replaced or transformed. In 25%-40% of cases, misidentification syndromes have been reported in association with organic illness. We report an acute episode of Capgras-like delusion lasting 8 ...
Bressington Daniel T - - 2013
Patients with severe mental illness are at increased risk of developing metabolic disorders. The risk of metabolic syndrome in the Hong Kong general population is lower than that observed in western countries; however the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in patients with severe mental illness in Hong Kong is unknown. This ...
Patel Amy - - 2012
AIM: To examine clinical characteristics, treatment and outcome of Kawasaki syndrome patients in Denmark. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of hospitalization records for children <15 years of age with a Kawasaki syndrome discharge diagnosis identified through the Danish National Patient Registry during 1994 through June 2008 was conducted. RESULTS: A ...
Turnbull Jessica - - 2012
AIM: Central and extrapontine myelinolysis are collectively known as osmotic demyelination syndrome. This encephalopathic illness has been well documented in the adult literature, occurring most commonly in the context of chronic alcoholism, correction of hyponatraemia, and liver transplantation. Aetiology and outcome in the paediatric population are less well understood. METHODS: ...
Varela Maria Jose V - - 2012
The aim of this study is to investigate psychosocial factors related to the diagnosis and treatment of patients with restless legs syndrome. Fifteen patients were interviewed at the Neuro-Sono Outpatient Clinic, Universidade Federal de São Paulo. The results were submitted to a qualitative analysis. We identified four content categories: illness ...
- - 2012
Medical Progress: Guillain-Barré Syndrome Review Article, N Engl J Med 2012;366:2294-2304. In the Clinical Features section, in the fourth paragraph under Diagnosis, beginning "A lumbar puncture . . ." (page 2296), the final two sentences should have read, "However, albuminocytologic dissociation is present in no more than 50% of patients with the ...
Makanji H S - - 2012
The diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is often applied in the absence of objectively verifiable pathophysiology (i.e. electrophysiologically normal carpal tunnel syndrome). The primary purpose of this study was to determine whether depressive symptoms, heightened illness concern, and pain catastrophizing are associated with an absence of electrophysiological abnormalities. The ...
Hoelscher Alice C - - 2012
This article describes an esophageal leiomyomatosis in mother and daughter. A 33-year-old woman with cardiovascular symptoms was admitted to the hospital. Her mother at a young age had undergone an esophagectomy because of a leiomyosarcoma. The daughter received a diagnosis of diffuse leiomyomatosis of the esophagus and uterus. Because of ...
Prasad Rajniti - - 2012
Neurocysticercosis is a common childhood neurological illness in India. A variety of presentations have been reported in the literature, including weber syndrome. Neurocysticercosis, manifesting as Millard Gubler syndrome, have not been reported in literature. Therefore, we report a child presented to us with Millard Gubler syndrome due to pontomedullary neurocysticercosis ...
Daniels Molly S - - 2012
This review article discusses hereditary cancer predisposition syndromes with uterine manifestations. Lynch syndrome accounts for 2% to 3% of endometrial cancers. The identification of endometrial cancer patients at risk for Lynch syndrome is discussed, as are the characteristics of Lynch syndrome-associated endometrial cancer and the screening and prevention options for ...
Al-Shaikh Ghadeer - - 2012
Clinical manifestations of vesicouterine fistulas, a rare complication of cesarean section, include amenorrhea and cyclic hematuria (menouria) without urinary incontinence, a triad collectively known as "Youssef's syndrome." Fistulas affecting the uterus usually reside above the isthmus or at the cervix and have a distinct morphology composed of granulation tissue, chronic ...
Demirel Murside Ayse - - 2012
Ovarian remnant syndrome (ORS) is the presence of functional ovarian tissue with signs of oestrus as a complication after ovariohysterectomy (OHE) or ovariectomy. Stump pyometra is another complication that can be observed after OHE. However, there are few reports about ORS and stump pyometra in queens. In this report, three ...
Karim Talib Ahmed - - 2012
J Wave Syndromes. Introduction: Recently, great attention has been paid to the risk stratification of asymptomatic patients with an electrocardiographic early repolarization (ER) pattern. We investigated several repolarization parameters including the Tpeak-Tend interval and Tpeak-Tend/QT ratio in healthy individuals and patients with J wave syndrome who were aborted from sudden ...
Hasegawa Kanae - - 2012
We report two cases of intermittent Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome. In one patient, early repolarization (ER) was masked during preexcitation whereas in the other, J wave-like notches were observed in the right precordial leads only during preexcitation. The clinical significance of ER is not apparent in WPW syndrome but some possible ...
Deveci Hande Senem - - 2012
This study aimed at studying the histopathological effects of hyperandrogenemia and estrogen deficiency on larynx mucosa in experimentally designed polycystic ovary syndrome of female rats. Two groups of experimental polycystic ovary syndrome model were composed in healthy female rats by per oral letrozole administration of for 21 and 42 days. ...
Jee Jun-Pil - - 2012
Since women with climacteric syndrome have significantly lower serum levels of estradiol and other related hormones, hormone replacement therapies (HRT) such as estrogen are needed to lessen symptoms. However, HRT can often cause severe adverse effects that include many cancers and stroke. Therefore, new and novel approaches to relieve climacteric ...
Perfetto F - - 2012
Childhood ataxia with central nervous system hypomyelination (CACH) syndrome is an autosomal recessive transmitted leukodystrophy characterised by early childhood onset and acute deterioration following febrile illnesses or head trauma. We describe the case of a child with early onset of CACH syndrome. He presented with cerebellar ataxia beginning around two ...
Wu Tsung-Hsin - - 2012
Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich (HWW) syndrome is a rare variant of Müllerian duct anomalies consisting of uterine didelphys, obstructed hemivagina, and ipsilateral renal agenesis. Patients with HWW syndrome are usually asymptomatic until menarche, when they present with acute lower abdominal pain. Here we report a case of a female newborn with right renal ...
Elsedfy Heba H - - 2012
Our study aimed to assess uterine development in Turner syndrome patients and its relation to dose and type of estrogen therapy; and karyotype. Pelvic ultrasound was used to assess uterine size and shape, and ovarian volume in 40 Turner syndrome patients. Information on hormone replacement therapy was collected from patients' ...
Antzelevitch Charles - - 2012
An early repolarization (ER) pattern in the ECG, distinguished by J-point elevation, slurring of the terminal part of the QRS and ST-segment elevation has long been recognized and considered to be a benign electrocardiographic manifestation. Experimental studies conducted over a decade ago suggested that some cases of ER may be ...
Assir Muhammad Zaman Khan - - 2012
Although most symptomatic dengue infections follow an uncomplicated course, complications and unusual manifestations are increasingly being reported due to rising disease burden. Expanded dengue syndrome is a new entity added into World Health Organization (WHO) classification system to incorporate this wide spectrum of unusual manifestations. We report a case of ...
Alemany Marià - - 2012
The metabolic syndrome is basically a maturity-onset disease. Typically, its manifestations begin to flourish years after the initial dietary or environmental aggression began. Since most hormonal, metabolic, or defense responses are practically immediate, the procrastinated response do not seem justified. Only in childhood, the damages of the metabolic syndrome appear ...
Li Wenya - - 2011
A 22-year-old man was admitted with a rapidly enlarging soft mass on the left chest wall, which was diagnosed as lipoma by postoperative pathology. A chest roentgenogram revealed a defect of the fourth rib, scoliosis, dextrocardia, and diaphragmatic hernia. A computed tomographic scan showed maldevelopment of the pectoralis major and ...
Babu N Suresh - - 2011
Nasopalpebral lipoma-coloboma syndrome is characterized by nasopalpebral lipoma and eyelid coloboma. We report a case of a 16-year-old Indian girl who reported to us with this rare syndrome. Computed tomography scan showed a significantly hypodense lesion on the right side of nose which was confirmed to be a lipoma on ...
Gana Simone - - 2011
Nicolaides-Baraitser syndrome is a rare clinical condition characterized by mental retardation with impairment of expressive language, short stature, microcephaly, sparse hair, typical facial dysmorphisms, and interphalangeal joint swellings. To date 24 cases have been reported, most of them being sporadic. The genetic background of Nicolaides-Baraitser syndrome is unclear in terms ...
Aveiro Ana Cristina - - 2011
The Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome is a rare congenital anomaly characterised by uterus didelphys with blind hemivagina and ipsilateral renal agenesis. It usually presents after menarche with progressive pelvic pain during menses secondary to haematocolpos. Awareness is necessary in order to diagnose and treat this disorder properly before complications occur. MRI is ...
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