Search Results
Results 701 - 750 of 1672
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Mau U A - - 2000
We describe a 3-year-old girl with partial trisomy 4p and partial monosomy 8p who had prenatal and postnatal growth retardation, mental retardation, no speech development, mild synophrys, hirsutism, apparently low-set ears, dysphonic hoarse voice, hyperactivity, and small hands with proximal placement of the thumbs. She had recurrent lung infections, due ...
Wilbur A K - - 2000
I describe an adult female skeleton (#Yo3-96) from the Yokem Mound skeletal series that had microcephaly; mild micrognathia; a broad nasal bridge; orbital hypertelorism; hypoplasia of the first metacarpals; pes planus; anomalies of the cervical spine, ribs, and sternum; and delayed epiphyseal remodeling of the radii and tibiae. Because the ...
Yaghmai R - - 2000
X-linked dyskeratosis congenita (DKC) is characterized by mucosal leukoplakia and ulcerations, skin abnormalities, nail dystrophy, and pancytopenia. Hoyeraal-Hreidarsson syndrome (HHS) includes intrauterine growth retardation, microcephaly, mental retardation, cerebellar malformation, and pancytopenia. A patient with striking features of both HHS and DKC has a de novo mutation in the DKC1 gene, ...
Woollons A - - 2000
Cutis verticis gyrata (CVG) is a rare disorder; it is characterized by thickening of the scalp which becomes raised to form ridges and furrows resembling the cerebral gyri. We report a case of CVG associated with the autosomal dominant insulin resistance syndrome. This syndrome is characterized by obesity, mild mental ...
Zampino G - - 2000
We report on a girl with growth and mental retardation, peculiar face with ptosis, epicanthus, broad nasal bridge, low-set and abnormal ears, cleft uvula, congenital heart defect, and anal atresia. A similar condition was reported previously by Wiedemann et al. [1982: An atlas of characteristic syndromes: a visual aid to ...
Corona-Rivera A - - 2000
A holoprosencephaly, hypertelorism, and ectrodactyly syndrome (HHES) was described in three previous cases in whom chromosomes were apparently normal. We report on a 3-year-old boy with HHES and a de novo apparently balanced t(2;4)(q14.2;q35) confirmed by fluorescent in situ hybridization. He had severe growth and mental retardation, lobar holoprosencephaly, hypertelorism, ...
Grisaru S - - 2000
Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome (WHS) is caused by a partial deletion of the short arm of chromosome 4 (4p16.3) and is characterized by severe pre- and postnatal growth retardation, developmental delay, and multiple congenital anomalies, including malformations of the urogenital system. We describe the renal and urinary tract phenotype in a series ...
Fukui N - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: For the purpose of supplementing the shortage of dental information about DiGeorge syndrome, we report two cases of the syndrome seen in Japanese boys. STUDY DESIGN: Two cases were compared with respect to orofacial and dental findings; one was a case of complete DiGeorge syndrome and the other a ...
Asano A - - 2000
A case of myotonic dystrophy with 47 XYY presented with tall stature and mental retardation. The patient was a 37-year-old male. In addition to grip myotonia and percussion myotonia, severe weakness and atrophy were noted in the face and the neck muscles and in the distal muscles of the four ...
Prasad C - - 2000
The evaluation of mental retardation is always a challenge to clinicians. The recognition of specific physical or behavioral characteristics can vastly improve diagnostic yield. Several genetic disorders have been identified to have certain behavioral characteristics, such as Williams syndrome, Smith-Magenis syndrome, and the velocardiofacial syndrome (VCFS). The deletion affecting the ...
Tonk V S - - 2000
We describe two de novo cases of extra r(8) confirmed by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH). Based on these two and eight additional cases of extra r(8) confirmed by FISH, the phenotype is better documented. One of our patients had minor facial anomalies, near-normal growth, and neurological development. She had ...
Silengo M - - 2000
We report a 2-year-old male with aplasia cutis congenita of the scalp, epibulbar dermoids, strabismus and macrocephaly. In our opinion, he is affected by the Oculo-Ectodermal syndrome first described by Toriello et al. (1993). Am J Med Genet 45:764-766]. This is the sixth report of patients with this rare entity. ...
Al Husain M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Studies on fragile X syndrome are scarce in Saudi Arabia and other countries of the Arabian Peninsula. The few studies previously done have either been in the form of case reports or those performed on institutionalized mentally retarded patients. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence ...
Lukusa T - - 2000
A male patient is reported with terminal 10q26 deletion and clinical findings suggesting Prader-Willi syndrome during the infancy. These findings included decreased fetal movements, neonatal hypotonia, need for tube feeding, characteristic facial dysmorphism with dolichocephaly, narrow bifrontal diameter, almond-shaped eyes and epicanthus, hypogenitalism and developmental retardation. However, during the further ...
Vantrappen G - - 2000
We report on a 1-year-old boy with Mandibulo-acral dysplasia, a rare autosomal recessive syndrome (MIM 248370). He presented at the age of 6 months with short stature, scarce brittle hair and thin skin mainly on the skull with visible veins. The facial appearance was typical with micrognathia, prominent eyes and ...
Annemans I - - 2000
The Dubowitz syndrome is a rare, autosomal recessive disorder including intrauterine growth retardation, craniofacial abnormalities, mental retardation and eczematous skin eruption. Ocular problems occur in about 20%: strabismus, blefarophimosis, ptosis, telecanthus and epicanthal folds being the most frequent ones. We present a three years old girl, diagnosed with Dubowitz syndrome, ...
Bolland E - - 2000
Velocardiofacial syndrome is the most common microdeletion syndrome in humans. It is secondary to a chromosome 22q11 rearrangement and is characterized by craniofacial abnormalities, heart defects and learning disability. We report a case of a 10-year-old girl with a chromosome 22q11 deletion who, in addition to learning difficulties, hypernasal speech ...
Sarimski K - - 2000
Developmental and behavioural phenotype in Noonan syndrome? Noonan syndrome is characteristic by facial dysmorphology, congenital heart defects, short stature, developmental retardation and severe early feeding disorders in many cases. Data from a postal survey on physical development, feeding difficulties, developmental problems and behavioural aspects in 26 children are reported. The ...
Shetty A K - - 2000
We report a 12-year-old girl with features of the syndrome of microcephaly, mesobrachydactyly, and tracheoesophageal fistula, who also developed distinctive features of Rett syndrome including regression of milestones with repetitive actions, autistic-like behavior, stereotypic hand movements, and seizures. This unique combination of clinical manifestations appears to constitute a "new syndrome." ...
Mervis C B - - 2000
Williams syndrome is caused by a microdeletion of at least 16 genes on chromosome 7q11.23. The syndrome results in mild to moderate mental retardation or learning disability. The behavioral phenotype for Williams syndrome is characterized by a distinctive cognitive profile and an unusual personality profile. Relative to overall level of ...
Tan C K - - 2000
Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome is an uncommon chromosomal disorder caused by loss of material from the distal aspect of the short arm of chromosome 4. Its characteristic features include profound growth retardation with psychomotor delay, severe mental deficiency, facial dysmorphia, midline defects and skeletal anomalies. We herein report a case of 4p ...
Matheisel A - - 2000
A case with 47,XXY, del(11)(q23) karyotype-coexistence of Jacobsen and Klinefelter syndromes: A two-year-old dysmorphic male child was found to have 47,XXY,del(11)(q23) karyotype. Domination of the clinical features of Jacobsen syndrome was observed: mild mental retardation, trigonocephaly, ptosis, downward slanting palpebral fissures, low set ears, carp-shape mouth and micrognathia. Transient thrombocytopenia ...
Gibbons R J - - 2000
Since the identification of the ATRX gene (synonyms XNP, XH2) in 1995, it has been shown to be the disease gene for numerous forms of syndromal X-linked mental retardation [X-linked alpha thalassemia/mental retardation (ATR-X) syndrome, Carpenter syndrome, Juberg-Marsidi syndrome, Smith-Fineman-Myers syndrome, X-linked mental retardation with spastic paraplegia]. An attempt is ...
Goizet C - - 1999
Only three cases of W syndrome have been reported. These patients have a typical "pugilistic" face, incomplete oral cleft, absent upper incisors, mental retardation, spasticity, seizures, and acne scars. Two of them had additional skeletal anomalies. Here we report on three male patients with findings compatible with the W syndrome. ...
Treffert D A - - 1999
Savant syndrome, characterized by remarkable islands of mental ability in otherwise mentally handicapped persons, may occur in autistic as well as nonautistic individuals. Overall, approximately 10% of autistic persons exhibit savant abilities; roughly 50% of those with savant syndrome have autism, and the remaining 50% have other forms of developmental ...
Rockson S G - - 1999
Hennekam syndrome is a rare, recently described genetic disorder in which facial anomalies and mental retardation accompany congenital lymphedema and intestinal lymphangiectasia. Several other somatic abnormalities have variously been described, as have milder degrees of lymphatic dysfunction. The authors herein describe a case of Hennekam syndrome in which the diagnostic ...
Buiting K - - 1999
Imprinting on human chromosome 15q11-q13 is controlled by a bipartite imprinting center (IC) that maps to the SNRPN locus. Deletions of the IC result in an imprinting defect and Prader-Willi syndrome or Angelman syndrome (AS). We have now identified a 5-kb IC deletion in an English AS patient (AS-LO); this ...
Chinen Y - - 1999
Toriello-Carey syndrome comprises agenesis of the corpus callosum, telecanthus, short palpebral fissures, small nose with anteverted nares, Robin sequence, abnormally shaped ears, cardiac defect, and hypotonia. We describe two Japanese sisters with a Toriello-Carey syndrome whose phenotypes were as severe as reported male cases. The younger sister died suddenly at ...
Kubota T - - 1999
Börjeson-Forssman-Lehmann (BFL) syndrome is an X-linked recessive disorder characterized by minor facial anomalies, obesity, epilepsy, and severe mental retardation. The phenotype of male patients is usually severe, whereas that of carriers is less severe, suggesting X-linked incompletely recessive inheritance. A recent linkage study mapped the BFL syndrome gene to Xq26-q27. ...
Williams M S - - 1999
Filippi syndrome is an autosomal recessive condition characterized by variable soft tissue syndactyly of the fingers and toes, microcephaly, pre- and postnatal growth retardation, mildly abnormal craniofacial appearance, and mental retardation. We report on three unrelated individuals with Filippi syndrome. All have microcephaly, minor facial anomalies, variable syndactyly of digits, ...
Guion-Almeida M L - - 1999
We report on 2 unrelated Brazilian patients, born to non-consanguineous parents, both with multiple anomalies including growth and mental retardation, microcephaly, telecanthus, cleft palate, preauricular skin tags/pit, camptodactyly, and foot anomalies. To our knowledge, this is a previously undescribed formal genesis syndrome. Clinical and genetic aspects are discussed.
Mori P G - - 1999
We report on a girl with congenital hypoplastic anaemia, "coarse" face, generalized hypertrichosis with scalp hypotrichosis, short fifth finger, hypoplastic toenails, and mental retardation. A sister of the proposita, who died at the age of 1 year, had severe congenital anaemia, hypoplastic fingernails, low birth weight, failure to thrive, and ...
Criado G R - - 1999
Two brothers born to a healthy, consanguineous Spanish couple have a syndrome of Möbius sequence with involvement of cranial nerves V, VI, VII, IX, and XII, central nervous system malformations; characteristic face with creased earlobes, short philthrum, and a short, arched upper lip, skeletal anomalies with short sternum and delayed ...
Achermann S - - 1999
We report on 2 brothers with short stature, microcephaly, myopia, retarded osseous maturation, severe developmental delay, and minor anomalies including temporal narrowing, periorbital fullness, full cheeks in infancy, and protruding lower lip. Both brothers and their parents had normal chromosomes. Fluorescence in situ hybridization with probes from all (sub-)telomeric chromosomal ...
Mégarbané A - - 1999
We report two children of nonconsanguineous parents, with hypotonia, severe psychomotor retardation, short stature, a prominent forehead, ptosis, a wide flat nasal bridge, broad nasal tip, a high arched palate, bilateral small cerebellar hemispheres, vermis hypoplasia, a large cisterna magna, and an atrial septal defect and a duodenal stenosis in ...
Berney T P - - 1999
A postal questionnaire was used to study 49 individuals with Cornelia de Lange syndrome (including both the classical and the mild forms) to ascertain behavioural phenotype. Ages ranged from early childhood to adulthood (mean age, 10.2 years; SD, 7.8) and the degree of mental retardation from borderline (10%), through mild ...
Ellaway C - - 1999
Rett syndrome, a severe neurodevelopmental disorder occurring almost exclusively in females, is thought to be the second most common cause of profound mental retardation in females after Down syndrome. Recent genetic advances suggest the gene for Rett syndrome to be located on the distal arm of the X chromosome, Xq28. ...
Sandberg-Gertzén H - - 1999
Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (HPS) is a rare autosomal recessively inherited disease with oculocutaneous albinism, hemorrhagic diathesis, and multisystemic deposition of ceroid lipofuscin. We report a case with all symptoms characteristic of HPS. The patient was a mentally retarded albino with mild bleeding diathesis, and her course was complicated by granulomatous colitis ...
Thomaidis L - - 1999
Cohen syndrome is a rare genetic disorder consisting of truncal obesity, hypotonia, mental retardation, characteristic facial appearance and ocular anomalies. Other diagnostic clinical features include narrow hands and feet, low growth parameters, neutropenia and chorioretinal dystrophy. We describe the similarities in the clinical and developmental profile of two siblings with ...
Rodríguez Criado G - - 1999
We present the cases of two sisters, daughters of healthy, non-consanguineous parents, who have a clinical syndrome characterized by microcephaly, cortical dysplasia, ventriculomegaly, hypoplasia of the corpus callosum, hypogenesis of the cerebellar vermis, cataracts, microphthalmia, optic nerve atrophy, retinal coloboma, weight and height below 3rd centile, severe mental retardation, no ...
Briault S - - 1999
FG syndrome is an X-linked incomplete recessive condition comprising mental retardation, congenital hypotonia, macrocephaly, a distinctive facial appearance, and constipation or anal malformations. Here, we report on a chromosome X inversion [inv(X)(q12q28)] in a boy with FG syndrome and in his mentally retarded maternal uncle, and we discuss the possible ...
Fidler D J - - 1999
In this pair of studies, we examined whether the common perception of a positive Down syndrome personality is associated with a youthful craniofacial appearance, similar to Zebrowitz's (1997) "babyface." In Study 1, 43 observers rated photographs of age-matched children with Down syndrome, another mental retardation syndrome (5p- syndrome), and typically ...
Graham J M JM - - 1999
FG syndrome is a rare X-linked recessive form of mental retardation, first described by Opitz and Kaveggia in 1974. Based on over 50 reported cases, FG syndrome is associated with agenesis of the corpus callosum, minor facial anomalies (high, broad forehead with frontal cowlick, ocular hypertelorism, down-slanted palpebral fissures, and ...
Sant'Anna G D - - 1999
Encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis (ECCL) is a rare congenital disorder and was first described in 1970. The main clinical features of the syndrome include convulsions beginning in infancy, mental retardation, and unilateral cutaneous and ophthalmologic lesions with ipsilateral cerebral manifestations. A 14-year-old caucasian boy with ECCL associated with otolaryngologic manifestations is reported. ...
Mégarbané A - - 1999
We report on four children of both sexes from a highly inbred family with hypotonia, spastic diplegia, microcephaly, microphthalmia, congenital cataract, optic atrophy, ptosis, kyphoscoliosis, short stature, severe mental retardation, and cerebral malformations. Six other children may also have been affected. The differential diagnosis and the possibility of a second ...
Di Gennaro G - - 1999
Kabuki make-up syndrome is a rare dysmorphogenic disorder characterized by peculiar facial appearance (resembling the make-up of actors in Kabuki, the traditional Japanese theatre), skeletal anomalies, dermatoglyphic abnormalities, postnatal growth deficiency, and mental retardation. Central nervous system dysfunctions, other than mental retardation, are rarely reported; they include microcephaly, brachycephaly, early ...
David A - - 1999
McKusick-Kaufman syndrome (MKKS) is a rare, recessively inherited syndrome reported mainly in young children and is characterised by vaginal atresia with hydrometrocolpos, postaxial polydactyly, and congenital heart defect. Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) is the generic name for a genetically heterogeneous group of autosomal recessive disorders characterised by retinal dystrophy or retinitis ...
Diaz G A - - 1999
The Sanjad-Sakati syndrome (SSS; MIM241410), an autosomal recessive trait characterized by congenital hypoparathyroidism, growth and mental retardation, seizures, and a characteristic physiognomy, was recently linked to chromosome area 1q42-q43. SSS resembles the autosomal recessive form of Kenny-Caffey syndrome (KCS; MIM244460), with similar manifestations but lacking osteosclerosis. Since KCS was recently ...
Moore S J - - 1999
We report a 13 year old boy with fragile X syndrome resulting from a de novo deletion of the FMR1 and FMR2 genes extending from (and including) DXS7536 proximally to FMR2 distally. The patient has severe developmental delay, epilepsy, and behavioural difficulties, including autistic features. He has epicanthic folds, in ...
Anstey A V - - 1999
Photosensitivity has been briefly mentioned in several publications on the Smith-Lemli-Opitz (SLO) syndrome, an autosomal recessive mental retardation syndrome. We conducted a questionnaire-based survey to determine the incidence and main features of photosensitivity in SLO. We confirmed a high incidence, and initial evidence suggests that SLO may be the first ...
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