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Vora R M - - 2002
Infantile tremor syndrome is characterized by coarse tremors, mental and physical retardation, light colored brown hair, skin pigmentation and anemia. Amongst the theories proposed for the etilogy of the disorder, the nutritional theory is most accepted. In this case report, we have presented a fourteen-month-old male child with ITS and ...
Donders Jacobus - - 2002
We present a patient with all the physical characteristics of Lujan-Fryns syndrome, including Marfanoid habitus, mild general hypotonia, hypernasal voice, normal testicular size, and distinct craniofacial anomalies. Despite the presence of impaired mental abilities in many areas, this young man showed intact concrete problem-solving skills under structured, interactive conditions. In ...
Zenker M - - 2002
Monosomy 1p36 is a recently delineated contiguous gene syndrome, which is now considered to be one of the most common subtelomeric microdeletion syndromes. We report four unrelated patients with subtle deletions within 1p36 confirmed by high resolution karyotyping and FISH. All exhibited severe psychomotor retardation. Microcephaly, seizures, and visual impairment ...
Mégarbané A - - 2002
Severe mental retardation, congenital contractures, short stature, microcephaly, ptosis, myopia, beaked nose, abnormal teeth, hip dislocation, and severe scoliosis, are described in a 16-year-old and an unrelated 24-year-old females. Results of all laboratory investigations were normal. Review of the literature, of the London Dysmorphology Data Base and POSSUM did not ...
Shamay-Tsoory S G - - 2002
Although lack of empathy has been considered a central characteristic of Asperger syndrome, quantitative and qualitative assessments of empathy in this syndrome are lacking. We present two cases of adolescents with Asperger syndrome who show extreme deficits on measures of both cognitive and affective empathy. Analysis of their performance on ...
Lorda-Sanchez I - - 2002
Aniridia can arise as part of the WAGR syndrome (Wilms tumour. aniridia, genitourinary anomalies, and mental retardation), due to a deletion or chromosomal region 11p13. We report a girl with a complete WAGR syndrome, whose brother presented hypospadias. Cytogenetic, FISH and molecular studies showed a deletion in one chromosome 11 ...
Okamoto Nobuhiko - - 2002
Chromosome 1p36 deletion syndrome is characterized by hypotonia, moderate to severe developmental and growth retardation, and characteristic craniofacial dysmorphism. Muscle hypotonia and delayed motor development are almost constant features of the syndrome. We report a 4-year-old Japanese girl with 1p36 deletion syndrome whose muscle pathology showed congenital fiber type disproportion ...
Stefanou E-G G - - 2002
A case of prenatally detected cri du chat syndrome (5p-) is reported. Amniocentesis was performed following an abnormal ultrasound finding of isolated moderate bilateral ventriculomegaly. The karyotype showed a terminal deletion of the short arm of chromosome 5 including the critical region 5p15 for cri du chat syndrome. This was ...
Ioan D M - - 2002
We report on two siblings: the index patient, a 9 months old boy and his 2.5 years old sister, both presenting the main clinical signs and symptoms of Costello syndrome (CS): severe mental and motor retardation, feeding difficulties, failure to thrive in the first months of life, coarse facial appearance, ...
Ruiz-Maldonado R - - 2002
A 13-month-old male infant with 14 hair whorls in the scalp, sparse frontal hair, wide forehead, ectropion, abnormal implantation of eyelashes, peculiar face and depigmented nipples is reported. Other aspects of his physical and mental development were within normal limits. The constellation of clinical features in this patient appear to ...
Wong Sophia Isako - - 2002
I argue that there is an important analogy between sex selection and selective abortion of fetuses diagnosed with Down syndrome. There are surprising parallels between the social construction of Down syndrome as a disability and the deeply entrenched institutionalization of sexual difference in many societies. Prevailing concepts of gender and ...
Verhoeven W M A - - 2002
The Wolf-Hirschhorn Syndrome (WHS) or 4p-deletion syndrome is characterized by mental retardation, growth retardation, microcephaly and typical facial features. In addition, a wide spectrum of somatic abnormalities can be associated that may cause comorbidity. The syndrome has been extensively described in children, but less information is available about adult patienis. ...
Ishmael Holly A - - 2002
Angelman syndrome is characterized by mental retardation, seizures, ataxia, inappropriate laughter, lack of speech, a particular facial appearance, and generally a chromosome 15q11-q13 deletion. Recently, a fascination with water and water-related activities has been reported in individuals with the syndrome. We report on a 9.6-year-old male previously diagnosed with Angelman ...
Franceschini P - - 2002
Filippi syndrome is a specific Multiple Congenital Abnormalities/Mental Retardation (MCA/MR) complex which must not be confused with other so called "craniodigital syndromes", a heterogeneous group of pathological conditions simply lumped for the combination of different cranial and digital anomalies. We report on a new patient with the characteristic features of ...
Pallotta R - - 2001
A patient with microbrachycephaly, high forehead, long philtrum, thin upper lip, downturned corners of the mouth, low set ears with overlapping helix, fifth-finger clinodactyly, small hands and feet, bilateral transverse palmar crease, low total finger ridge count, hypotonia, severe growth and psychomotor delay, mild hypoplasia of corpus callosum, and Arnold-Chiari ...
Toelle S P - - 2001
Trichothiodystrophy or sulphur-deficient brittle hair is a clinical marker for several autosomal recessive neurocutaneous syndromes. The typical hair abnormality is frequently associated with many alterations affecting the skin, nervous system, eyes and bones as well as the immune, gonadal and endocrine systems. We report the first cases of dilated cardiomyopathy ...
Roubertie A - - 2001
Chromosome 22q11 deletion (CATCH 22 syndrome or velocardiofacial syndrome) is one of the most frequent chromosomal syndromes. Neurological features other than cognitive disorders are probably the least-described part of the expanding phenotype of the 22q11 deletion. We report the neurological features of three unrelated children with a de novo deletion: ...
Syrrou M - - 2001
We report on the unusual cytogenetic findings in a girl with moderate mental retardation and a mosaic karyotype 46,XX,del(4)(p16)/46,XX,der(4)(qter-q31.3::pter-qter). The facial features observed in the child initially did not suggest the diagnosis of Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome (WHS), but the distinct facial gestalt became obvious at prepubertal age. Fluorescence in situ hybridization ...
Al-Batniji F S - - 2001
The association of dysmorphic features and failure of one or more bone marrow cell lines is well known. Examples are Fanconi's anemia and Diamond-Blackfan anemia. This report describes 3 similarly affected children from consanguineous parents, all showing low birth weight, severe growth retardation, distinct facial features, microcephaly, mental retardation and ...
Kantaputra P N - - 2001
We report two daughters of a Thai family affected with mental retardation, delayed speech, obesity, craniofacial manifestations, and ocular anomalies. Craniofacial manifestations included macrocephaly, maxillary hypoplasia, mandibular prognathism, and crowding of teeth. Ocular anomalies consisted of blepharophimosis, blepharoptosis, decreased visual acuity, abducens palsy, hyperopic astigmatism, and accommodative esotropia. Chronic atopic ...
Nokelainen P - - 2001
Two brothers with severe mental retardation of unknown origin were found to share several physical anomalies, including large round head, small concave nose, downslanted palpebral fissures, and gingival hyperplasia. In addition to relative macrocephaly, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed severe cerebral atrophy, especially fronto-temporally. The brothers also had a thin ...
Balci S - - 2001
The association of corneal opacity, microphthalmia, microcephaly, mental retardation, and generalized muscular spasticity with hyperglycinemia was presented for the first time by Balci and colleagues in 1974. After this report, some similar cases in the literature were referred to as Balci's syndrome. In this paper we describe a new case ...
Palmer C A - - 2001
Occipital horn syndrome, formerly known as Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type IX or X-linked cutis laxa, is an allelic variant of Menkes' syndrome. Although the clinical symptomatology and systemic pathology findings have been well described in occipital horn syndrome, the neuropathology has not previously been reported. A kindred affected by the X-linked ...
Davies K - - 2001
Five patients with the 22q11 deletion syndrome (velocardiofacial syndrome) developed chronic inflammatory polyarticular arthritis. These new cases add to 8 previously reported and confirm the association. The arthritis in all cases was moderate to severe, but at least partially responsive to methotrexate and/or corticosteroids, and was clinically indistinguishable from juvenile ...
Cuneo B F - - 2001
A microdeletion of chromosome 22q11.2 is found in most patients with velocardiofacial syndrome, DiGeorge syndrome, and conotruncal anomaly face syndrome, and in some patients with Cayler cardiofacial and autosomal dominant Opitz-G/BBB syndromes. A wide spectrum of clinical findings accompanies the 22q11.2 deletion, without genotype or phenotype correlation even among affected ...
van der Wal G - - 2001
3-M syndrome combines pre- and postnatal growth retardation and dysmorphic facial features with autosomal recessive inheritance. Six new patients with 3-M syndrome are described and compared with 28 cases from the literature. Our six patients have a growth pattern, which parallels that of Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS). Final height is ISD ...
Orrico A - - 2001
In this article, we describe two sibs, a brother and sister, with severe mental retardation and multiple congenital anomalies including "coarse" facial features, short stature, seizures, hypertrichosis, short great toes, and overbreathing. Comparison of these patients with previous reports suggests that they could represent the first familial cases of the ...
Korniszewski L - - 2001
Wiedemann-Rautenstrauch (neonatal progeroid) syndrome is an autosomal recessive condition with characteristic appearance of premature aging present at birth (aged face, natal teeth, and wrinkled skin). Other features of the syndrome are generalized lipoatrophy with specific fat accumulation in the lateral suprabuttock region, hypotrichosis, macrocephaly (pseudohydrocephalus), and mental retardation. We report ...
Avegno J - - 2001
We report a patient with a syndrome of MR/MCA who was the product of a highly consanguineous family. The patient was the result of a union between a man and his daughter. The daughter was in turn the product of a mating between this same man and his mother. Major ...
Kamoun P - - 2001
Mental retardation is progressive in Down syndrome: individuals are born with normal intelligence which starts to decline linearly within the first year. This phenomenon can be observed with phenylalanine in patients with phenylketonuria, therefore it is compatible with metabolic intoxication. The toxic compound could be hydrogen sulfide. The amount of ...
Boente M C - - 2001
We describe a girl with motor and mental retardation, macrocephaly, a "coarse" face, choanal atresia, postnatal feeding difficulty, redundant skin with deep palmar and plantar creases, and histopathological evidence of altered elastic fibers, who died at the age of 11 months. We believe this represents another case of Costello syndrome. ...
Kondoh T - - 2001
We report on two sisters in a family with a hitherto undescribed MCA/MR condition characterized by growth retardation, severe microcephaly, a peculiar facies, congenital contractures of the interphalangeal and patellar joints, atopic dermatitis, and growth and developmental delay. The disorder in the family we describe is similar to but clearly ...
Verloes A - - 2001
We report a boy, born to consanguineous patients, with agammaglobulinemia associated with multiple physical anomalies: mild intrauterine growth retardation, extreme microphthalmia (clinical anophthalmia), severe microcephaly, blepharophimosis, long face with temporal narrowing, scaphocephalic skull shape, posterior cleft palate, hypoplastic, adducted thumbs with small nails, and short, inward turned halluces with absent ...
Di Cicco M - - 2001
Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS) is a multiple congenital anomaly/mental retardation (MCA/MR) syndrome link to a contiguous-gene deletion syndrome, involving chromosome 1 7p 11.2,whose incidence is estimated to be 1:25,000 livebirth. SMS is characterised by a specific physical, behavioural and developmental pattern. The main clinical features consist of a broad flat midface ...
Iascone M R - - 2001
A patient with a deletion in the DiGeorge/velocardiofacial chromosomal region in 22q11, underwent cardiac repair for truncus arteriosus with a separate origin of the pulmonary arteries. This patient presented with a severe coagulation disorder similar to that described in the Bernard-Soulier syndrome. Additional features included minor facial anomalies, transient hypocalcemia ...
KumandaƟ S - - 2001
Cohen syndrome is a rare genetic disorder consisting of truncal obesity, hypotonia, mental retardation, microcephalia, characteristic facial appearance and ocular anomalies. Other diagnostic clinical features include narrow hands and feet, low growth parameters, neutropenia and chorioretinal dystrophy. Acanthosis nigricans is a cutaneous disorder characterized by hyperpigmentation and papillomatosis. Syndromal acanthosis ...
Filosto M - - 2001
Cutis verticis gyrata (CVG) is an abnormality of the scalp characterized by the formation of furrows and folds which cannot be flattened by traction or pressure. Primary and secondary forms of CVG have been described. We report on a patient affected by cutis verticis gyrata, mental regression and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome ...
Saha S - - 2001
Fragile-X-linked mental retardation usually results from amplification of the CGG repeat in the 5' untranslated region of the FMR1 gene. To assess the extent of variation of the CGG repeat in the population from the eastern region of India we studied 98 mentally retarded individuals living in and around Calcutta ...
Gurrieri F - - 2001
We report on two sibs, brother and sister, affected with a multiple congenital anomalies/mental retardation (MCA/MR) syndrome, characterized by mild to moderate psychomotor delay, Robin sequence, peculiar facial appearance, and brachydactyly. To our knowledge, this combination of anomalies has not been reported previously. The occurrence of a similar pattern of ...
Kargi A E - - 2001
We report a case with broad, deviated thumb and big, duplicated, deviated toes resembling Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome. But the patient did not have severe mental retardation as in Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome and had no microdeletions on chromosome 16 by FISH-based assay. This patient had mild webbing as seen in multiple pterygium syndrome, ...
Mégarbané A - - 2001
Two sisters are reported with up-slanting palpebral fissures, hypertelorism, ptosis, a broad, bifid nasal tip, a high-arched palate, mental retardation, abnormal EEG and hand malformations in one of the patients. The girls' parents originate from the same village. Although the findings resemble the recently defined neurofaciodigitorenal syndrome, some findings suggest ...
Sergi C - - 2001
We report a 25-week fetus with lethal Ellis-van Creveld syndrome who was diagnosed prenatally from the US detection of a narrow chest, postaxial polydactyly of the hands, short acro-/mesomelic limbs and a ventricular septal defect. The postnatal radiographic features of the skeleton confirmed the diagnosis. Literature review of the histopathology ...
Delb W - - 2001
We report two brothers who presented with mandibulofacial dysostosis, growth retardation, microcephaly, thoracic deformities and conductive hearing loss along with asplenia in one case and aplasia of the gallbladder in the other. The pattern of malformations differs significantly from established syndromes with mandibulofacial dysostosis such as Nager syndrome or Genée-Wiedemann ...
Lemire E G - - 2001
We report on two brothers with short stature, severe developmental delay and unusual appearance. Several conditions including the Russell-Silver, Dubowitz, Floating-Harbour and Cockayne syndromes were considered in the differential diagnosis, but subsequently rejected. These two cases are likely to represent a new autosomal recessive or X-linked recessive syndrome.
Krishnamurti L - - 2001
The thrombocytopenia in an infant with clinical features of Jacobsen's syndrome characterized by multiple congenital anomalies, cardiac defects, psychomotor retardation, and deletion of chromosome 11 at 11q23.3 has been evaluated. Study of his platelets in the electron microscope revealed giant alpha granules in his cells identical in appearance to those ...
Verloes A - - 2001
We describe a child with facial dysmorphism (trigonocephaly, epicanthus, upturned nose, small ears), thumb hypoplasia, micropenis, jejunal atresia and moderate mental retardation with dysphasia. Cytogenetic workup revealed high spontaneous level of chromosomal aberrations (without specific pattern and no quadriradial figures) and borderline to absent hypersensitivity to mitomycin C, making a ...
Greco D - - 2001
We report a 10-year-old boy with multiple congenital anomalies/mental retardation syndrome, who also presented with aganglionosis and neurogenic muscle weakness. Some phenotypic manifestations of our patient overlap with those observed in the Niikawa-Kuroki syndrome; however, the hypothesis of a new distinct entity, with simultaneous involvement of the central and peripheral ...
Finelli P - - 2001
We report on a 10-year-old boy presenting with obesity, moderate mental retardation, large anterior fontanelle at birth, mild physical anomalies including mid-face hypoplasia, deep-set eyes, long philtrum, and small mouth. He was found to carry a paracentric inversion inv(1)(p22p36.2) associated with a 10 cM deletion at the proximal breakpoint. By ...
Buiting K - - 2001
Imprinting in 15q11-q13 is controlled by a bipartite imprinting center (IC), which maps to the SNURF-SNRPN locus. Deletions of the exon 1 region impair the establishment or maintenance of the paternal imprint and can cause Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS). Deletions of a region 35 kb upstream of exon 1 impair maternal ...
Dowling P A - - 2001
Short stature and developmental delay may be observed in many genetic conditions and well-defined syndromes. A 7-year-old girl presented with the non-specific findings of subtle dysmorphism, short stature and developmental delay. Although a genetic syndrome was suspected, a definitive diagnosis was not made until the dental findings of KBG syndrome ...
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