Search Results
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Zaidan Radwan M - - 2003
We analyzed the features of opsoclonus syndrome as a manifestation of post viral encephalopathy in 3 patients (one child and 2 adults). This is the first report of opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome in the Arabian Peninsula. Symptoms appeared a few days after a viral-like illness in all patients. We excluded the possibility ...
Milunsky J M - - 2003
We describe a boy whose prime features are severe-to-profound mental retardation, intractable complex seizures, lissencephaly, facial dysmorphism, and lymphatic abnormalities. To our knowledge, this is the fourth reported case of this syndrome. We propose the syndromic appellation of cerebro-oculo-facial-lymphatic syndrome, suggest cardinal diagnostic features, and discuss several possible overlapping syndromic ...
Slager Rebecca E - - 2003
Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS) is a mental retardation syndrome associated with deletions involving chromosome 17p11.2. Persons with SMS have characteristic behavioral abnormalities, including self-injurious behaviors and sleep disturbance, and distinct craniofacial and skeletal anomalies. We identified dominant frameshift mutations leading to protein truncation in RAI1 in three individuals who have phenotypic ...
Katcher Kelly - - 2003
Costello syndrome is a disorder that primarily involves ectodermal tissues and is characterized by mental and growth retardation, distinctive coarse facies, redundant skin (neck, palms and soles), and papillomata (perioral, nasal and anal). Of primary concern to anaesthesiologists are potential airway difficulties related a short neck, macroglossia, hypertrophied tonsillar and ...
Engidawork Ephrem - - 2003
Trisomy of human chromosome 21 is a major cause of mental retardation and other phenotypic abnormalities collectively known as Down syndrome. Down syndrome is associated with developmental failure followed by processes of neurodegeneration that are known to supervene later in life. Despite a widespread interest in Down syndrome, the cause ...
Kratz Christian P - - 2003
One patient with a chromosome 22q11.2 deletion and Evans syndrome is reported in this paper. Microdeletions of 22q11.2 are the main etiology for DiGeorge syndrome, a disorder characterized by heart defects, immune deficiencies due to aplasia or hypoplasia of the thymus, and hypocalcemia. Evans syndrome refers to a hematological autoimmune ...
Hennekam Raoul C M - - 2003
The Costello syndrome is characterized by prenatally increased growth, postnatal growth retardation, coarse face, loose skin resembling cutis laxa, nonprogressive cardiomyopathy, developmental delay, and a outgoing, friendly behavior. Patients can develop papillomata, especially around the mouth, and have a predisposition for malignancies (mainly abdominal and pelvic rhabdomyosarcoma in childhood). Costello ...
Sarimski K - - 2003
BACKGROUND: 5p- (Cri-du-Chat) syndrome (5p-S) is a well defined chromosomal condition. While the physical symptoms have frequently been documented, the developmental and behavioural aspects of the syndrome have not been explored adequately, especially in young children. METHOD: Mental level, and complexity and style of play were analysed in 10 children ...
Chandler K E - - 2003
Cohen syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive syndrome with a distinctive clinical phenotype that includes mental retardation and a characteristic sociable disposition. Variability in the level of learning disability and the behavioural phenotype is seen in the published literature. In a cohort of Finnish Cohen syndrome patients, severe mental retardation ...
Gulati Sheffali - - 2003
Acrocallosal syndrome (ACLS), also known by its synonyms: Schinzel Acrocallosal syndrome and Hallux duplication, Postaxial polydactyly and absence of corpus callosum, is a rare genetic disorder that is apparent at birth. Although autosomal recessive inheritence has been suggested, ACLS often appears to occur sporadically. Typical characteristics of ACLS are hypoplasia/agenesis ...
Demir Ercan - - 2003
Agenesis of the corpus callosum with peripheral neuropathy or Andermann syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder rarely found outside certain regions of the province of Quebec, Canada. We report a 5-year-old Turkish patient with Andermann syndrome born to consanguineous parents. She presented with diffuse hypotonic weakness, predominantly in the distal ...
Zutt M - - 2003
The Schimmelpenning-Feuerstein-Mims syndrome (SFM syndrome) is a rare and variable multisystem defect consisting of congenital, extensive linear nevus sebaceus and associated abnormalities in different neuroectodermal organ systems. We present the history of a 52-year-old female patient with disproportionate hyposomia and asymmetric constitution. From birth she suffered from a right-sided, extensive ...
Fichter Christopher R - - 2003
The Johanson-Blizzard Syndrome (JBS) is an autosomal recessive disorder with a characteristic phenotype, including dwarfism, a beaked nose with aplastic alae nasi, a high forehead, mid-line ectodermal scalp defects with sparse hair and absent eyelashes/eyebrows, prominent scalp veins, low set ears, a large anterior fontanelle, micrognathia, thin lips, absent permanent ...
Vantrappen G - - 2003
The Velo-Cardio-Facial Syndrome (VCFS), caused by a submicroscopic deletion in the long arm of chromosome 22, has a broad clinical spectrum of ENT manifestations including for instance velopharyngeal dysfunction, hearing problems and laryngotracheal anomalies. In the current report we present guidelines for diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of the ENT manifestations ...
Karmiloff-Smith Annette - - 2003
Despite increasing empirical data to the contrary, it continues to be claimed that mor-phosyntax and face processing skills of people with Williams syndrome are intact. This purported intactness, which coexists with mental retardation, is used to bolster claims about innately specified, independently functioning modules, as if the atypically developing brain ...
Steiner Carlos Eduardo - - 2002
A 31-year-old male patient with ectodermal dysplasia and acanthosis nigricans is described. Clinical findings included hypotrichosis, hypohidrosis, palmoplantar hyperkeratosis, nail dystrophy, early onset loss of permanent dentition, mental retardation, and acanthosis nigricans. The findings suggest the diagnosis of Lelis syndrome, as described on the basis of seven unrelated cases. A ...
Perez Elena - - 2002
Chromosome 22q11.2 deletion syndrome occurs in approximately 1 of 3000 children. Clinicians have defined the phenotypic features associated with the syndrome and the past 5 years have seen significant progress in determining the frequency of the deletion in specific populations. As a result, caregivers now have a better appreciation of ...
Schluth Caroline - - 2002
The 49,XXXXY syndrome is a rare sex chromosome anomaly with an approximate incidence of 1 in 85,000 male live births. The diagnosis is usually ascertained postnatally by the association of mental retardation, variable growth deficiency, Down syndrome-like facial dysmorphy, hypogenitalism and other malformations, especially involving the heart and skeleton. Prenatal ...
Chandler K E - - 2002
Cohen syndrome is an uncommon autosomal recessive condition comprising a characteristic facial appearance, mental retardation, benign neutropenia, and retinal dystrophy. This study aimed to identify patients with Cohen syndrome from across the United Kingdom in order to define the variability of ophthalmic manifestations. Ophthalmic assessment was undertaken and past ophthalmic ...
Ribeiro de Castro Maria Cristina - - 2002
Cardio-facio-cutaneous syndrome is a genetic disorder with a characteristic facies, abnormal skin and hair, mental retardation and congenital heart disease. It may be confused with Noonan's syndrome, which has a familial pattern and does not present hyperkeratotic skin lesions and abnormal hair, and there are few cases reported in the ...
Yoneda M - - 2002
A 48-year-old woman with late infantile onset mental retardation developed megacolon. Although the patient had no typical clinical features of Hirschsprung disease-mental retardation syndrome, a new 3-base pair deletion, eliminating an Asn, was identified in the responsible gene ZFHX1B. This suggests that screening for ZFHX1B mutations is warranted even in ...
Lacassie Yves - - 2002
We report on a 10-year-old patient with a provisionally new syndrome of MR/MCA with an evolving phenotype. Major findings at birth included short umbilical cord; striking hypotonia and cutis laxa with increased OFC; facial abnormalities with epicanthal folds, telecanthus, mild hypertelorism, wide flat nasal bridge, hypoplastic nose with upturned nostrils, ...
Faivre L - - 2002
Seckel syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive condition belonging to the group of osteodysplastic primordial "dwarfism" and characterized by the association of 1) severe pre- and postnatal growth retardation, 2) microcephaly with mental retardation, and 3) specific dysmorphic features. Recently, two disease loci have been mapped to chromosomes 3q22.1-q24 and ...
Tapper Jill K - - 2002
Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome (WHS) and Patau syndrome are two of the most severe conditions resulting from chromosome abnormalities. WHS is caused by a deletion of 4p16, while Patau syndrome is caused by trisomy for some or all regions of chromosome 13. Though the etiologies of these syndromes differ, they share several ...
Gawel Julita - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis (ECCL) is a relatively new, nonhereditary, but congenital, neurocutaneous syndrome with unilateral cutaneous tumors and ipsilateral ophthalmologic and neurologic malformations. The syndrome is rare, with only 25 cases reported since first communication in 1970. The primary clinical features noted for almost all cases are as follows: (1) ...
Hanauer A - - 2002
The Coffin-Lowry syndrome (CLS) is a rare X linked disorder in which affected males show severe mental retardation with characteristic dysmorphism, most notably affecting the face and hands. The typical facial features consist of a prominent forehead, hypertelorism, a flat nasal bridge, downward sloping palpebral fissures, and a wide mouth ...
Panigrahi Inusha - - 2002
Three affected sibs in a consanguineous family with short stature, mental retardation, downslanting palpebral fissures, ptosis and polydactyly are described. There was no hypogonadism or pigmentary retinopathy. They were thin in childhood and while two of the postpubertal sibs have a stocky build none is obese. We propose that this ...
Faas B H W - - 2002
The characteristic clinical features of the dup(3q) syndrome include typical facial features, mental and growth retardation, and (often) congenital heart anomalies. However, pure duplication of 3qter is rare because most of the reported cases are patients who carry an unbalanced translocation and, in addition to the duplication for 3qter, have ...
Tramboo N A - - 2002
Noonan's syndrome is a relatively common, multiple congenital anomaly syndrome, genetically inherited as an autosomal dominant disorder with variable penetrance. It is defined by a characteristic phenotype, congenital heart disease, ocular defects and mild mental retardation. Molecular studies have confirmed that it is a heterogeneous disorder and there may be ...
Maffei Pietro - - 2002
The Alström syndrome is a rare, autosomal recessive disorder characterized by retinal degeneration, obesity, progressive hearing impairment, non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus and kidney and heart failure. Mental retardation is absent and the extremities are normal. The Alström syndrome gene located on chromosome 2, has been recently identified. The Alström syndrome involves ...
Steinhausen Hans-Christoph - - 2002
Behavioral phenotypes were studied in four mental retardation syndromes using the Developmental Behavior Checklist (DBC). The four samples comprised fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS), fragile X syndrome (FRAX), and tuberosis sclerosis (TSC). Both on the item and the subscale level, there were clear behavioral differentiations across the four ...
Kantaputra Piranit N - - 2002
A Thai man and his sister affected with a newly recognized syndrome of proportionate primordial short stature are reported. The patients had severe intrauterine and postnatal growth retardation, prominent nose and nasal bridge, small pinnae, large sella turcica, areas of hypo- and hyperpigmentation of skin, dry and thin scalp hair, ...
Engels Hartmut - - 2002
Cantú syndrome consists of hypertrichosis, osteochondrodysplasia, and cardiomegaly, and has been reported in 18 patients to date. We report an infant with Cantú syndrome. In addition to typical findings, he had relatively mild radiological and cardiological manifestations. Previously undescribed findings included pyloric stenosis and elevated alkaline phosphatase levels. Brain scans ...
Ornek Kemal - - 2002
Absence or deficiency of tear volume (alacrima) is rarely seen in pediatric ophthalmology. It is often a part of the multiple systemic anomalies like Riley-Day syndrome and anhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia, or it may be associated with adrenal gland insufficiency, achalasia, and neurologic disorders like Allgrove's syndrome. We report on a ...
Marik I - - 2002
3-M syndrome is a rare, autosomal recessive dwarfing syndrome characterized by prenatal growth restriction, facial dysmorphism and absence of both microcephaly and mental retardation. The term 3-M syndrome originates from the common initial of the first three authors of the first report. The diagnosis is established by a combination of ...
Ng David - - 2002
Nonsyndromic congenital microphthalmia or anophthalmia is a heterogeneous malformation with autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, and X-linked modes of inheritance. Lenz microphthalmia syndrome comprises microphthalmia with mental retardation, malformed ears, skeletal anomalies, and is inherited in an X-linked recessive pattern. Prior studies have shown linkage of both isolated (or nonsyndromic) anophthalmos ...
Rossi Massimiliano - - 2002
A patient with a multiple congenital anomalies/mental retardation (MCA/MR) syndrome had an unbalanced translocation (3;5)(q26.1;p14), causing partial 5p monosomy and partial 3q trisomy. The phenotype observed in this patient results from the combination of those described in the isolated dup(3q) and del(5p) syndromes. Some clinical features of this patient are ...
Balci Sevim - - 2002
We report two sisters with Neuhäuser [megalocornea, macrocephaly, mental and motor retardation MMMM] syndrome. They also had hypotonia, incomplete cleft palate, bifid uvula, depressed nasal bridge, epicanthal folds, hypoplastic labia major, micrognathia and pectus excavatum. Their brain magnetic resonance imaging showed cortical atrophy, large fourth ventricle and hypoplasia of corpus ...
Rauen Katherine A - - 2002
Cardio-facio-cutaneous (CFC) syndrome is characterized by a distinct facial appearance, cardiac defects, ectodermal anomalies and developmental delay. Recently, we reported a 19-month-old girl with phenotypic manifestations consistent with the CFC syndrome who had an interstitial deletion of the long arm of chromosome 12, del(12)(q21.2q22), implicating a possible locus for CFC ...
Mégarbané André - - 2002
A sister and a brother with anomalous skull configuration, facial abnormalities, abnormal scalp hair growth, sensorineural hearing loss and, in the boy, proven craniosynostosis, severe mental retardation, and autism were reported in 1986 in an abstract by Hersh et al. We reexamined this family and here review the literature focusing ...
Baskin Esra - - 2002
Laurence-Moon-Bardet-Biedl syndome is an autosomal recessive condition characterized by retinal dystrophy, obesity, mental retardation, distal limb anomaly, hypogonadism, and renal dysfunction. The symptoms vary among families and even among affected siblings. Certain clinical signs have been used to identify subgroups of patients with this complex condition. Laurence-Moon syndrome as a ...
Oliver Chris - - 2002
Angelman syndrome is a neurogenetic disorder associated with unique behaviors and characteristics, including an unusually happy expression, inability to speak, ataxia, mental retardation, and abnormal EEG. Previous research has suggested that smiling and laughing behaviors in Angelman syndrome are inappropriate, excessive, and dissociated from contextual events. In the present study, ...
Cargile Colyn B - - 2002
Deletion 3p syndrome is associated with characteristic facial features, growth failure, and mental retardation. Typically, individuals with deletion 3p syndrome have terminal deletions that result in loss of material from 3p25 to 3pter. We present a child with a clinical phenotype consistent with deletion 3p syndrome (ptosis, microcephaly, growth retardation, ...
Lindor Noralane M - - 2002
In l998, Hopkin et al. described a new disorder characterized by progressive laryngotracheal stenosis, short stature, and arthropathy. We provide extensive clinical information on two additional unrelated patients with this distinctive disorder and propose the name LAPS syndrome, to reflect the most consistently recognized features, namely, Laryngotracheal stenosis, Arthropathy, Prognathism, ...
Chiyonobu Tomohiro - - 2002
A sister and brother with Vici syndrome are described. They both had oculocutaneous albinism, agenesis of the corpus callosum, cataracts, and cardiomyopathy. They were born to healthy unrelated parents, and had postnatal growth retardation, profound developmental delay, hypotonia, and cataracts. The sister had recurrent infections, and died of progressive heart ...
Wessels Marja W - - 2002
The Kabuki (make-up) syndrome identified in 1981 has been reported in more than three hundred patients. Typical findings include mild to moderate mental retardation, fetal pads, cleft palate, and characteristic facies with long palpebral fissures, everted lower lateral eyelids and arched eyebrows. Postnatal growth retardation, skeletal and visceral anomalies are ...
Wieczorek Dagmar - - 2002
The previously unreported combination of bilateral absence of thumbs, aplasia of ulna at one and hypoplasia of ulna on the other side, retarded bone age, short stature, microcephaly, micropenis, cryptorchidism, and mental retardation is described in a 5-year-old boy. Having excluded major differential diagnoses, e.g. Fanconi anemia, RAPADILINO syndrome and ...
Murrin K L - - 2002
In 1968, R. J. Pollitt and colleagues described a syndrome characterized by abnormally brittle, sulphur-deficient hair (trichothiodystrophy), intellectual disability (ID) and growth retardation. One of the two siblings originally described by the above authors has recently been re-assessed by the present authors following a referral for advice about ritualistic behaviours. ...
Chow Eva W C - - 2002
22q11 Deletion Syndrome is a genetic syndrome associated with an increased risk for developing schizophrenia. Brain abnormalities have been reported in 22q11 Deletion Syndrome, but little is known about whether differences in brain structure underlie the psychotic disorders associated with this syndrome. In the current study, we used magnetic resonance ...
Sood Meena - - 2002
Sjogren-Larsson Syndrome is a rare autosomal disorder which occurs with 100% penetrance and is classically characterized by ichthyosis, spasticity and mental handicap. This has rarely been described in people of Indian origin, case reports mainly being restricted to Caucasians. We have described a 6-year-old girl with classical features of this ...
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