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Kumar Sarita - - 2005
Rabson-Mendenhall syndrome is characterized by growth retardation, dysmorphisms, lack of subcutaneous fat, acanthosis nigricans, enlarged genitalia, hirsutism, premature and dysplastic dentition, coarse facial features, paradoxical fasting hypoglycemia and post-prandial hyperglycemia, extreme hyperinsulinemia and pineal hyperplasia. We describe a six-month-old female child with physical features suggestive of the Rabson-Mendenhall syndrome. The ...
Zinkstok Janneke - - 2005
22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome is associated with cognitive, behavioural, and psychiatric problems and is known to affect brain structure. Recently, 22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome has been proposed as a disease model for a genetic subtype of schizophrenia. In this paper we discuss the currently available literature on neurocognitive functioning and brain anatomy ...
Baker Kate D - - 2005
BACKGROUND: 22q11 deletion syndrome is associated with high rates of psychiatric morbidity, especially schizophrenia. If common neurodevelopmental trajectories characterise 22q11 deletion syndrome and idiopathic schizophrenia, then similar'premorbid'features would be predicted. AIMS: To define psychopathologyin adolescents and young adults with 22q11 deletion syndrome. METHOD: Individuals with 22q11 deletion syndrome (n=25) and ...
Kellermayer Richard R Department of Medical Genetics and Child Development, University of Pécs, Hungary. - - 2005
An unbalanced Y;autosome translocation leading to a male with a 45,X karyotype is rare with about 30 published cases. A male with a 45,X karyotype as a result of a unique, submicroscopic, unbalanced Y;16 translocation is presented with alpha-thalassemia/mental retardation syndrome.
Sase Masakatsu - - 2005
Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome has characteristic craniofacial dysmorphism with severe fetal growth restriction. We present a case that revealed facial dysmorphism characteristic of Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome with two- and three-dimensional ultrasonography. The facial dysmorphic features in the present case were dolichocephaly; high forehead; large rectangular nose continuing to the eyebrows; hypertelorism; short philtrum; ...
Selicorni Angelo - - 2005
In 1994, Giuffré et al. reported two unrelated families in which some of the members had microcephaly and radio-ulnar synostosis, suggesting a new condition. Since this first report, Tsukahara et al. and Udler et al. described two distinct patients with a different condition characterized by radio-ulnar synostosis, short stature, microcephaly, ...
Meins Moritz - - 2005
Dup(3q) syndrome is characterized by typical facial features, mental and growth retardation, often with congenital heart defects. The syndrome has attracted special attention because of the clinical overlap with Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CDLS). Patients with dup(3q) syndrome are trisomic for segments of the long arm of chromosome 3, most ...
Garavelli L - - 2005
Hypospadias, when the urethra opens on the ventral side of the penis, is a common malformation seen in about 3 per 1,000 male births. It is a complex disorder associated with genetic and environmental factors and can be part of genetic syndromes. Mowat-Wilson syndrome (MWS) is a multiple congenital anomaly ...
Bouzas Evrydiki A - - 2005
We describe the ophthalmologic findings in two cases of cerebrofaciothoracic dysplasia, a rare syndrome characterized by facial dysmorphism, multiple malformations of the vertebrae and ribs, and significant mental retardation. Both affected individuals are members of the same family and have epicanthal folds and hypertelorism. In addition, one patient has bilateral ...
Skórka A - - 2005
The thrombocytopenia-absent radius (TAR) syndrome (MIM 274000) is a congenital malformation syndrome characterised by bilateral absence of the radii with present thumbs, hypomegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia and a number of additional features including skeletal and cardiac anomalies. Mental retardation, reported in about 7% of patients, is usually secondary to intracranial hemorrhage. In ...
Shelley Bhaskara P - - 2005
Smith-Magenis Syndrome (SMS) is a complex, pediatric, neurobehavioral, contiguous gene syndrome ascribed to interstitial microdeletion of chromosome 17, band 11.2. The syndrome is characterized by distinctive behavioral, neurocognitive, and neuropsychiatric abnormalities. This genetically mediated disorder of mental retardation prompts behavioral researchers to examine the links between genes, brain, and behavior ...
Al Kaissi Ali - - 2005
We report on three Tunisian siblings with a rare assortment of clinical and radiographic abnormalities closely resembling Desbuquois dysplasia. However, the siblings have had normal facies, normal hands, and were mentally normal. There were severe musculo-skeletal distinguishing features such as joint stiffness, severe kyphoscoliosis, and multiple large joint dislocations. Moreover, ...
Itin Peter H - - 2005
Trichorhinophalangeal syndrome (TRPS) is a rare genodermatosis with growth retardation, craniofacial abnormalities, alopecia and brachyphalangia. Three subtypes with considerable clinical overlap can be separated. Numerous nail changes have been documented in this syndrome. We observed a 19-year-old female with typical TRPS I who developed unique V-shaped longitudinal nail dystrophies on ...
Riedl S - - 2004
We report on a 10-year-old girl with tricho-rhino-phalangeal syndrome type II (TRPS II) and pronounced short stature (-4.8 SD). The patient has an interstitial chromosome 8q24.1 deletion of 12-15 Mb. The deletion spans all genes from CSMD3 to at least ANXA13 including the TRPS1 and EXT1 genes, which are responsible ...
Sullivan Kathleen E - - 2004
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: New findings regarding the clinical manifestations and care of patients with DiGeorge syndrome or chromosome 22q11.2 deletion syndrome will be reviewed. Immunologists and primary care providers often are in a position to coordinate the complex care needs of these patients and an awareness of the clinical features ...
Kulkarni M L - - 2004
Johanson-Blizzard syndrome is an extremely rare ectodermal dysplastic disorder characterized by aplasia or hypoplasia of alae nasi, midline scalp defects, growth retardation, varying degrees of mental retardation, hypothyroidism, exocrine pancreatic insufficiency and congenital deafness. This condition is supposed to be an autosomal recessive disorder. We are reporting a female neonate ...
Maegawa Gustavo Henrique Boff - - 2004
The KBG syndrome is characterized by short stature, macrodontia, a specific combination of minor anomalies, developmental delay, and/or mental retardation. We reported on four patients from three unrelated families. The most frequent clinical findings were: atypical face, long/flat philtrum, thin upper lip, macrodontia, dental malposition, enamel hypoplasia, and cleft teeth. ...
Steiner Carlos Eduardo - - 2004
The authors describe a boy presenting with acrocallosal syndrome and autism. Clinical features included craniofacial dysmorphisms, polydactyly, and mental retardation, besides behavioral symptoms compatible with autism. Neuroimaging revealed hypoplasia of the corpus callosum and cerebellar abnormalities. The role of this entity and other associated conditions in autism may be coincidental ...
Torisu Hiroyuki - - 2004
We report on a girl with monosomy 1p36.3 and Angelman syndrome due to an unbalanced transmission of a maternal balanced chromosomal translocation. She manifested monosomy 1p36 and Angelman syndrome including generalized hypopigmentation, ataxic movements, intractable seizures with characteristic electroencephalographic (EEG) abnormality compatible with Angelman syndrome, and other minor anomalies, large ...
Brown J J - - 2004
DiGeorge syndrome, which falls within a wider phenotypic spectrum associated with deletions of 22q11.2, is associated with a number of endocrine disorders. These include hypoparathyroidism, hypothyroidism and growth hormone deficiency. We report an unusual case of autoimmune hyperthyroidism (Graves' disease) presenting in a 3 year-old male with DiGeorge syndrome. The ...
Gérard-Blanluet Marion - - 2004
We report a girl with mild mental retardation with onset of infantile spasms at age of 9 months. Treatment with a short course of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) was successful. Initially, a diagnosis of idiopathic West syndrome, with good neurological outcome and disappearance of epilepsy after treatment, was made. Conventional karyotype ...
Tekin Mustafa - - 2004
We report on a Turkish family in which the father and his two sons were diagnosed as having the KBG syndrome. Large upper central incisors were the diagnostic finding in all three patients along with mental retardation, cryptorchidism, skeletal abnormalities, and short stature. Our report clearly confirms that the inheritance ...
Sharif S - - 2004
We report two unrelated children with Filippi syndrome. Both show typical facial dysmorphism, syndactyly of fingers and toes, growth retardation, postnatal microcephaly and developmental delay, particularly involving speech. In addition both children have unusual teeth and hair. We review the literature and propose that neurological and ectodermal involvement may be ...
Matlary Arpad - - 2004
We report a 6-year-old girl with corpus callosum agenesis and other cerebral malformations, scoliosis and hypopigmented chorioretinal lacunae in both fundi typical of Aicardi syndrome. She has never had epilepsy and the EEG has always been normal, observations not reported previously in Aicardi syndrome. She was mildly mentally retarded with ...
Alanay Yasemin - - 2004
In 1985, Frydman et al. [1985: Clin Genet 27:414-419] described a syndrome characterized by growth failure, microcephaly, persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous (PHPV) with microphthalmia, cleft palate, connective tissue abnormality, mental retardation, and spastic quadriplegia. The syndrome was termed as oculo-palato-cerebral dwarfism. The first patients described were offsprings of a consanguineous ...
Kitsiou-Tzeli S - - 2004
Cytogenetic and FISH analysis was performed in 139 patients to detect the pathognomonic of Di George/ Velocardiofacial syndrome (DGS/VFCS) deletion 22q11.2. An abnormal karyotype was revealed in 2/139 cases (47, XXY and 46, XX, 2p+). A deletion was found in 17/139 (12.2%) patients (14 males/ 3 females), inherited in 3 ...
Meng Li - - 2004
Cohen syndrome is a rare genetic disorder caused by autosomal recessive inheritance and is characterized by the following features: mental retardation, infantile hypotonia, micrognathia, narrow and high-arched palate, microcephaly, prominent upper central incisors, poor dentition, short stature, and truncal obesity. Some patients have strabismus, myopia, optic atrophy, and total blindness. ...
Ozdemir Mehmet Akif - - 2004
We describe the case of a 12-year old boy with Hoyeraal-Hreidarsson Syndrome (HHS). This syndrome includes intrauterine growth retardation, microcephaly, mental retardation, cerebellar malformation, and pancytopenia. HHS is a severe multisystem disorder associated with premature mortality, due to bone marrow failure. The pathogenesis and genetic basis presently is unknown. Onset ...
Geneviève D - - 2004
Kabuki syndrome (KS) is a rare multiple congenital anomaly/mental retardation syndrome with an estimated frequency of 1/32,000 in Japan. Five major criteria delineate KS namely postnatal short stature, skeletal anomalies, moderate mental retardation, dermatoglyphic anomalies, and a characteristic facial dysmorphism. Here we report on a series of 20 sporadic KS ...
Witsch-Baumgartner M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (MIM 270400) is an autosomal recessive malformation and mental retardation syndrome that ranges in clinical severity from minimal dysmorphism and mild mental retardation to severe congenital anomalies and intrauterine death. Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome is caused by mutations in the Delta7 sterol-reductase gene (DHCR7; EC 1.3.1.21), which impair endogenous ...
Chassaing N - - 2004
The Albright hereditary osteodystrophy-like (AHO-like) syndrome was recently defined as a rare dysmorphic syndrome including brachymetaphalangism and mental retardation. This phenotype occurs in Albright hereditary osteodystrophy (AHO) but unlike it, the level of the Gs alpha protein activity is not reduced. To date 59 patients with these clinical and biochemical ...
Hou Jia-Woei - - 2004
Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) and McKusick-Kaufman syndrome (MKKS) are rare congenital disorders of autosomal recessive inheritance. Because of the phenotypic overlap of both syndromes, including hydrometrocolpos (HMC) and postaxial polydactyly (PAP) in the neonatal stage, the potential for diagnostic confusion exists. A case of BBS with the initial presentation of MKKS ...
Graham John M JM - - 2004
Children born with the findings of microcephaly, cataracts and microcornea can result not only from a prenatal viral infection, but also from an autosomal recessive Mendelian disorders. We present three pairs of affected siblings with MICRO syndrome, who were born with congenital microcephaly, microcornea, and cataracts. MICRO syndrome is an ...
Derbent Murat - - 2004
We report on a 7-month-old boy with Micro syndrome who was referred for assessment of mental-motor retardation and reduced vision with cataract. The characteristics of Micro syndrome are mental retardation, microcephaly, congenital cataract, microcornea, microphthalmia, agenesis/hypoplasia of the corpus callosum, and hypogenitalism. The differential diagnosis includes cerebro-oculo-facio-skeletal syndrome (COFS); a ...
Morava Eva - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The features of Joubert syndrome include hypotonia, ataxia, characteristic neuro-imaging findings, episodic hypoventilation, psychomotor retardation, and abnormal eye movements. Common symptoms in congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) type Ia are muscle hypotonia, cerebellar hypoplasia, ataxia, mental retardation, ophthalmologic involvement, failure to thrive, abnormal fat distribution, and hepatopathy. It has ...
Sinnerbrink Ingrid B - - 2004
We describe a brother and sister with craniofacial dysmorphism, short stature, relative obesity, sensorineural deafness, multiple pigmented naevi and severe mental retardation. One sibling had keratoconus and the other had an iris coloboma. Dysmorphic features included brachycephaly, hypotelorism, small mouth, thin lips, pterygium colli, broad chest, widely spaced nipples and ...
Barakat Amin J - - 2004
We describe a two-year-old girl with 22q13 deletion syndrome (MIM # 606232), 46, XX, de l (22) (q13.31). ish del (22) (q13.31) (TUPLE 1+,ARSA-). The patient has hypotonia, normal growth, severe expressive language delay, mild mental retardation, and minor dysmorphic facial features. In addition, she had central diabetes insipidus that ...
Nandini N M - - 2004
A male child aged one and a half years with a history of rectal bleeding, on examination was found to have severe degree of anaemia with grade -III protein-energy-malnutrition and pneumonia. Colonoscopy revealed features of colonic polyposis. An upper gastro-intestinal endoscopy showed a duodenal polyp while barium meal follow-through did ...
Mrak Robert E RE Department of Pathology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas, - - 2004
In fetuses with Down syndrome, neurons fail to show normal dendritic development, yielding a "tree in winter" appearance. This developmental failure is thought to result in mental retardation. In adults with Down syndrome, neuronal loss is dramatic and neurofibrillary and neuritic Abeta plaque pathologies are consistent with Alzheimer disease. These ...
Keskin Mehmet - - 2004
Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) is an autosomal recessive condition with a wide spectrum of clinical features. The principal manifestations are rod-cone dystrophy (sometimes called atypical retinitis pigmentosa), postaxial polydactyly, central obesity, mental retardation, hypogonadism, and renal dysfunction. The clinical diagnosis of syndrome X defines a patient with abnormal glucose metabolism, hypertension, ...
Spadoni Emanuela - - 2004
Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS) is a multiple congenital anomaly/mental retardation syndrome including physical and neurobehavioural features. The disease is commonly associated with a ca. 3.7 Mb interstitial deletion of chromosome 17p11.2, while a 1.1 Mb critical region has been identified, containing about 20 genes expressed in multiple tissues. Haploinsufficiency of one ...
Maeda Toyoki - - 2004
A 53-year-old Japanese woman presented with mild mental retardation, short stature, hypertelorism, saddle nose, vertebral fusion, and hydrocephalus, implying an underlying bone growth impairment mainly of the head and neck. A point mutation in fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2) was identified that had previously been seen only in sporadic ...
Wuyts Wim - - 2004
The combination of multiple exostoses (EXT) and enlarged parietal foramina (foramina parietalia permagna, FPP) represent the main features of the proximal 11p deletion syndrome (P11pDS), a contiguous gene syndrome (MIM 601224) caused by an interstitial deletion on the short arm of chromosome 11. Here we present clinical aspects of two ...
Fahim Simone S - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Acanthosis nigricans has been classified in different ways. All classifications depend on the clinical picture and the association with other conditions. OBJECTIVE: We report a case of acanthosis nigricans in a patient with Kabuki syndrome. This syndrome is characterized by five main manifestations: typical facial features, post natal growth ...
Weiss G - - 2004
We report one patient with cardiofaciocutaneous (CFC) syndrome. He presented with clinical findings characteristic of this condition such as: cutaneous abnormalities, including ichthyosis, widespread keratosis pilaris, a peculiar craniofacial appearance with sparse, curly hair and low-set posteriorly rotated ears; congenital heart defects; and mild mental and motor retardation. We submit ...
Iwakoshi Mie - - 2004
We described three unrelated children with cryptic 9q34.3 rearrangements and similar clinical manifestations: two with 9q34.3 terminal deletions and the other with an unbalanced translocation involving 9q34.3-qter monosomy and 6p25-pter trisomy. Common features among the three we studied and the other six patients with 9q34.3 deletions in the literature include ...
Kajantie Eero - - 2004
We report on a patient with severe pre- and post-natal growth retardation, moderate mental retardation, microcephaly, unusual face with marked micrognathia and cleft palate, minor skeletal abnormalities, atrioseptal defect, hypospadias, hearing loss, and secondary adrenal insufficiency due to isolated ACTH deficiency diagnosed at 7 years of age. Family history was ...
Gurrieri Fiorella - - 2004
Recently we reported two sibs, brother and sister, with a new multiple congenital anomalies/mental retardation (MCA/MR) syndrome characterized by mild to moderate psychomotor delay, Robin sequence, distinctive facial appearance, and brachydactyly. We have subsequently observed a similar pattern of anomalies in two unrelated patients who also showed additional clinical findings. ...
Derbent Murat - - 2004
We report a 6-year-old patient with hemophilia A, who also exhibited clinical features typical of 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22qDS). The specific traits were mild mental retardation, speech delay, hypernasal speech, deficits in voice quality and articulation, narrow palpebral fissures, broad and depressed nasal root, high-arched palate, microstomia, and overfolded ears. ...
Rufo-Campos Miguel - - 2004
We report another case of cerebro-facio-thoracic dysplasia (Pascual-Castroviejo syndrome) characterized by mental retardation and characteristic facies: narrow forehead, synophris, hypertelorism, broad nasal bridge, long philtrum, micrognathia, triangular-shaped mouth and low posterior hairline, and also brachycephaly, calcified clinoid ligaments, and upper rib deformities. Although the severity of mental retardation within the ...
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