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Bagrodia Aditya - - 2011
Megalourethra is a rare spectrum of urologic malformations of penile corporal structures frequently associated with multiple congenital anomalies, such as prune belly syndrome or vertebral, anorectal, cardiac, trachea-esophageal, renal, and limb (VACTERL association) defects. A 6-year-old boy with VACTERL association and proximal urethral atresia with distal fusiform megalourethra underwent staged ...
Sangam M R - - 2011
Cor triloculare biventriculare is a rare congenital malformation of the heart in which there is a complete absence of the atrial septum. It is usually associated with other anomalies like complete atrioventricular canal defect, polysplenic syndrome, isolated dextrocardia, Ellis-van Creveld syndrome, or persistent left superior vena cava. We report a ...
Healy F - - 2011
Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS) is a rare, lifelong condition wherein control of breathing is abnormal and patients present with symptoms of alveolar hypoventilation. The severity of hypoventilation varies and although most patients present in the neonatal period, late onset cases have been reported. In 2003, it was discovered that ...
Garg Rakesh R Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research and Dr Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, New Delhi, - - 2011
Patients with genetic disorders associated with multiple congenital anomalies present unique challenges to the anesthesiologist. We report the successful perioperative management of a child with biliary atresia, situs inversus totalis, and Kartegener syndrome scheduled for corrective biliary surgery. We recommend that patients with multiple congenital anomalies need to be thoroughly ...
Rachisan Andreea Liana - - 2011
Several clinical entities combine ectodermal dysplasia (ED) and cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P). These disorders have been recognized with a narrow phenotypic spectrum and very similar clinical features. We report a case with a clinical diagnosis of Hay Wells syndrome (ankyloblepharon, ED and CL/P), who is a descendent of a ...
Nei Maromi - - 2011
We describe a case of a patient with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome who had asystole and sinus bradycardia during interictal epileptiform abnormalities on EEG. Video-EEG/EKG monitoring prior to corpus callosotomy recorded consistent prolongation of the R-R interval on the EKG during bursts of epileptiform abnormalities (generalized paroxysmal fast activity), which became transiently ...
Ceylan A A Yuzuncu Yil University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Van, - - 2011
Congenital myasthenic syndromes (CMS) are diseases of the neuromuscular junction. They usually belong to the disease groups that begin in the infantile or childhood period and carry genetic characteristics. The following is important in establishing the diagnosis of this disease: clinical findings, electromyography, genetic tests, determination of serum acetylcholine receptor ...
Pensiero Stefano - - 2011
The complete absence of the chiasm (chiasmal aplasia) is a rare clinical condition. Hypoplasia of the optic nerve and congenital nystagmus are almost invariably associated characteristics. Microphthalmos or anophthalmos are common features in chiasmal aplasia, while central nervous system abnormalities are less frequent. Esophageal atresia can be isolated or syndromic. ...
Tran Dinh Nguyen - - 2011
Rubella virus (RV) infection during the first trimester of pregnancy often leads to severe birth defects known as congenital rubella syndrome (CRS). A premature newborn male was clinically diagnosed as CRS with cataracts, congenital heart defects, microcephaly, hepatosplenomegaly, and thrombocytopenia. The infection was confirmed serologically and molecularly. The RV was ...
Yuksel Dilek - - 2011
The authors present a case of unilateral eyelid congenital tarsal kink associated with corneal ulcer. The tarsal kink was corrected by a horizontal tarsal incision, performed half the thickness of the tarsus along its entire horizontal extent. Terminal levator aponeurosis fibers were reattached to the tarsal incision line to create ...
Siemers Frank - - 2011
Constriction ring syndrome is an uncommon deformity with unknown etiology and multiple manifestations. The most common change occurs at the lower extremities. A complete circular amniotic band syndrome of the trunk is an extremely rare condition. There are less than ten other reported cases in the literature. We present a ...
Boricean Ioana-Daniela - - 2011
Ocular abnormal head posture (AHP) or torticollis is a frequent sign in pediatric pathology The incidence is 5.6% in ophthalmological practice and 3.19% in pediatric ophthalmological practice. The abnormal head posture is adopted to improve visual acuity maintain binocular single vision, center residual visual field with the body or for ...
Nosé Vânia - - 2010
Familial follicular cell-derived well-differentiated thyroid cancer, papillary (PTC), and follicular thyroid carcinomas (FTC), accounts for 95% of thyroid malignancies. The majority of are sporadic, and at least 5% of these patients will have familial disease. Familial thyroid syndromes are classified into familial medullary thyroid carcinoma (FMTC), derived from calcitonin-producing C ...
Watanabe Yoriko - - 2011
A connection between LEOPARD syndrome (a rare autosomal dominant disorder) and autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) may exist. Of four related individuals (father and three sons) with LEOPARD syndrome, all patients exhibited clinical symptoms consistent with ASDs. Findings included aggressive behavior and impairment of social interaction, communication, and range of interests. ...
Graham John M JM - - 2010
Opitz and Kaveggia [Opitz and Kaveggia (1974); Z Kinderheilkd 117:1-18] reported on a family of five affected males with distinctive facial appearance, mental retardation, macrocephaly, imperforate anus, and hypotonia. Risheg et al. [Risheg et al. (2007); Nature Genetics 39:451-453] identified an identical mutation (p.R961W) in MED12 in six families with ...
Memarpour Mahtab - - 2011
Witkop tooth and nail syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant ectodermal dysplasia manifested by hypodontia and nail dysplasia. Tooth shape may vary, and conical and narrow crowns are common. Mandibular incisors, second molars, and maxillary canines are the most frequently missing teeth. Nail dysplasia affects the fingernails and especially the ...
Rochowski Andrzej - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The inherited bone marrow failure syndromes (IBMFS) include Fanconi anemia, dyskeratosis congenita, Diamond-Blackfan anemia, and Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS). Previous studies reported decreased neutrophil chemotaxis in patients with SDS; there are no reports of neutrophil function in other IBMFS. In this study we examined neutrophil respiratory burst function in IBMFS ...
Al Kaissi Ali - - 2010
We report on a-6-months-old girl who manifested the phenotypic features of focal dermal hypoplasia. Significant limb deformities in connection with typical skin changes were documented. The family history had a high frequency of spontaneous abortions and male stillbirths. Male stillbirths are a landmark in favour of X-linked dominant pattern of ...
Nosé Vânia - - 2010
Well-differentiated thyroid cancer accounts for 95% of thyroid malignancies. In contrast to medullary thyroid carcinoma, in which about 25% are familial, only 5% of follicular cell-derived thyroid carcinomas are a component of a familial cancer syndrome. The familial follicular cell-derived tumors or nonmedullary thyroid carcinoma encompass a heterogeneous group of ...
Weissman Scott M - - 2011
Lynch syndrome is the most common hereditary colorectal cancer syndrome and the most common cause of hereditary endometrial cancer. Identifying and evaluating families for Lynch syndrome is increasing in complexity due to the recognition that: family history-based clinical criteria lack sensitivity and specificity; genetic testing for Lynch syndrome continues to ...
Steward C G - - 2010
Barth Syndrome (BTHS) is an X-linked multisystem disorder (OMIM 302060) usually diagnosed in infancy and characterized by cardiac problems [dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) ± endocardial fibroelastosis (EFE) ± left ventricular non-compaction (LVNC)], proximal myopathy, feeding problems, growth retardation, neutropenia, organic aciduria and variable respiratory chain abnormalities. We wished to determine whether ...
Dad S - - 2010
Usher syndrome (USH) is the most common genetic disease that causes both deafness and blindness. USH is divided into three types, USH1, USH2 and USH3, depending on the age of onset, the course of the disease, and on the degree of vestibular dysfunction. By homozygosity mapping of a consanguineous Danish ...
Alrashdi Ismail S - - 2010
Hereditary congenital facial paresis is a rare syndrome of isolated facial nerve palsy causing facial asymmetry and ptosis. Most described cases follow an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance. It differs from Moebius syndrome, which is usually sporadic and associated with the involvement of other cranial nerves, commonly the abducens nerve ...
Suzuki Toshiaki - - 2010
A 21-year-old adult with previously diagnosed Marfan syndrome (MS) was admitted to our hospital complaining of chest pains that resulted from a complete left spontaneous pneumothorax (SP). A chest roentgenogram showed a 70% pneumothorax on the left side. Because for 8 days chest tube drainage did not ameliorate the air ...
Muraleedharan Vakkat - - 2010
Metabolic syndrome and testosterone deficiency in men are closely Linked. Epidemiological studies have shown that Low testosterone Levels are associated with obesity, insulin resistance and an adverse Lipid profile in men. Conversely in men with metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes have a high prevalence of hypogonadism. Metabolic syndrome and ...
Ayçiçek Abdullah - - 2010
We report a patient and his family, who have branchio-oto-renal (BOR) syndrome and coexisting mitral valve prolapse. A literature review of BOR syndrome failed to identify any similar families and we report this as a new observation. During the preoperative assessment of a patient with BOR syndrome, tachycardia was noted ...
Unger Sheila - - 2010
We recently reported on the deficiency of carbohydrate sulfotransferase 3 (CHST3; chondroitin-6-sulfotransferase) in six subjects diagnosed with recessive Larsen syndrome or humero-spinal dysostosis [Hermanns et al. (2008); Am J Hum Genet 82:1368-1374]. Since then, we have identified 17 additional families with CHST3 mutations and we report here on a series ...
Gervasini Cristina - - 2010
The Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome is defined as congenital aplasia of müllerian ducts derived structures in females with a normal female chromosomal and gonadal sex. Most cases with Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome are sporadic, although familial cases have been reported. The genetic basis of Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome is largely unknown and seems heterogeneous, and a ...
Mahon Suzanne M - - 2010
Multiple endocrine neoplasia 1 (MEN1) is a hereditary syndrome associated with a number of endocrine and nonendocrine tumors. Unfortunately, a diagnosis of MEN1 often is delayed until after the patient has developed an advanced or second MEN1-related tumor. Nurses need to be familiar with hallmark signs of this syndrome to ...
Aziz Fahad - - 2010
The congenital long QT syndrome (LQTS) is characterized by abnormally prolonged ventricular repolarization due to inherited defects in cardiac sodium and potassium channels, which predispose the patients to syncope, seizure like activity, ventricular arrhythmias, and sudden cardiac death. Early diagnosis and preventive treatment are instrumental in preventing sudden cardiac deaths ...
Huang Chia-Ling - - 2010
We report three novel deletions of the SGCE gene in three families with myoclonus-dystonia (M-D) syndrome in Taiwan. Their clinical characteristics included: early onset, dominant myoclonus and dystonia in the neck, trunk and upper limbs. By direct sequencing of the SGCE gene coding regions, we identified a small heterozygous deletion ...
Rochette Jacques - - 2010
Epilepsy and paroxysmal dyskinesia are two episodic cerebral disorders that can share a common genetic basis. Rare families with infantile seizures and paroxysmal dyskinesia [predominantly paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia (PKD)], co-inherited as a single autosomal dominant trait, have been described (infantile convulsions with paroxysmal choreoathetosis; ICCA syndrome) and a disease gene ...
Ohshima Sachiko - - 2010
Perry syndrome is a familial parkinsonism associated with central hypoventilation, mental depression, and weight loss. Previously, this very rare syndrome has been reported in only 7 families worldwide including in one Japanese family. We recently identified an additional family with Perry syndrome with DCTN1 mutation residing in Japan. The pedigree ...
Sánchez-Carpintero Rocío - - 2010
Lymphedema-distichiasis syndrome is characterized by the presence of lower limb lymphedema and supernumerary eyelashes arising from the Meibomian glands. Spinal extradural arachnoid cysts have been observed in some families but their true frequency is unknown. The aim of this study is to determine the frequency of spinal extradural arachnoid cysts ...
Xu Mingzhi - - 2010
Aarskog(-Scott) syndrome (AAS) is characterized by short stature, and facial, limb, and genital anomalies. AAS can be an X-linked condition caused by mutations in the FGD1 gene, but there is evidence that an autosomal dominant or recessive form also exists. We report on a Chinese family in whom several members ...
Poorkaj Parvoneh P Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA. - - 2010
The parkinsonian syndromes comprise a highly heterogeneous group of disorders. Although 15 loci are linked to predominantly familial Parkinson's disease (PD), additional PD loci are likely to exist. We recently identified a multigenerational family of Danish and German descent in which five males in three generations presented with a unique ...
Hervé D - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We report a detailed description of a family affected by a hereditary multisystem disorder associated with moyamoya syndrome. METHODS: In this family case report, we evaluated 9 members of the same family originating from Algeria. Investigations included neuroimaging, cardiologic and ophthalmologic evaluation, hormonal testing, hemoglobin electrophoresis, chromosomal karyotyping, muscle ...
Roozbeh Jamshid - - 2010
Senior-Loken syndrome is a rare entity that combines familial juvenile nephronophthisis with retinal dystrophy. Herein, we report Senior-Loken syndrome in six members of an Iranian family with progressive blindness and renal failure since childhood. Although, this syndrome was reported from other parts of the world, report of six members of ...
Vanaman Monique J - - 2010
Pediatric and inherited neurovascular syndromes have diverse presentations and treatments. Although many of these diseases are uncommon, they must be included in the differential diagnosis for children with strokes or hemorrhages. In neurosurgical practice, familial cavernous malformations, hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT), and moyamoya are the most frequently encountered of these ...
Pham Catherine M - - 2010
Loose anagen hair syndrome (LAHS) is a condition of sparse, short hair that is easily and painlessly extracted from the scalp. Since it was first described in the 1980s, it is considered a rare, sporadic condition found predominantly in females. Since then, there have been multiple reports of LAHS occurring ...
Le Roux M C - - 2010
The objective was to determine the occurrence of four urethral pathogens in urine specimens from symptomatic men using transcription mediated amplification (TMA) assay. Urethral swab and urine specimens from 300 men presenting to a family practitioner were Gram stained and tested for Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, Trichomonas vaginalis and Mycoplasma ...
Goldschmidt Ernst - - 2010
A new syndrome with abnormalities along the first branchial arch and the milk list is described in a family of four affected generations. The characteristics of the syndrome are epibulbar lipodermoids, preauricular appendages and polythelia. The expressivity varies but all affected have supernumerary nipples and preauricular manifestations while visible epibulbar ...
Ribeiro Raul C - - 2010
The incidence of adrenocortical tumors (ACTs) is increased in several familial cancer syndromes resulting from abnormalities in genes that encode transcription factors implicated in cell proliferation, differentiation, senescence, apoptosis, and genomic instability. These include P53, MEN1, APC, and PRKAR1A. Adenomas are the most common ACTs, but adrenocortical carcinomas occur rarely ...
Bales Abigail M - - 2010
22q11 deletion syndrome (22qDS) has recently been proposed for addition to the newborn screening panel in Wisconsin and it seems likely that it may soon be considered in other states as well. Input from patients with 22qDS and their family was gathered from 21 phone interviews. Cardiac, palate, hypocalcemia, and ...
Weisz George M - - 2010
The historical significance of the Medici family of Florence is widely recognised, but the diseases which afflicted leading members of this family have only been scientifically studied in recent decades. Paleopathological findings on exhumed skeletons, supplemented by medical descriptions in historical documents, have permitted a retrospective diagnosis of a triple ...
Syx Delfien - - 2010
Defects leading to impaired intracellular trafficking have recently been shown to play an important role in the pathogenesis of genodermatoses, such as the Ehlers-Danlos and the cutis laxa syndromes. A new genodermatosis, termed macrocephaly, alopecia, cutis laxa and scoliosis (MACS) syndrome has been described, resulting from a homozygous 1-bp deletion ...
Zhang Li-Ping - - 2011
Familial appearance of Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome is rare and displays an autosomal dominant inheritance. Here we report a Chinese kindred of WPW syndrome whose unique clinical features consist of a high risk of sudden cardiac death due to atrial fibrillation, causing a rapid antegrade conduct over the accessory pathway. The ...
Buchanan Daniel D DD Familial Cancer Laboratory, QIMR, Herston Q 4006, Australia. - - 2010
Colorectal cancer (CRC) develops within precursor lesions in the single-celled epithelial lining of the gut. The two most common epithelial lesions are the adenoma and the serrated polyp. CRC is also one of the most familial of the common cancers, and just as there are syndromes associated with increased risk ...
Senel Kazim - - 2010
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autosomal, recessively inherited multisystem disease that affects various groups of people originating from the Mediterranean Sea region, most specifically those of Jewish, Turkish, Armenian, and Arabic ethnicity. Recurrent attacks of fever and sterile polyserositis of the peritoneum, synovial membranes, and pleura are the main ...
Singh Hardeep H Houston VA HSR&D Center of Excellence, Houston, Texas, USA. - - 2010
Physicians' cancer-related family history assessment for Lynch syndrome is often inadequate. Furthermore, the extent to which clinicians recognize non-family history-related clues for Lynch syndrome is unclear. We reviewed an integrated electronic health record (EHR) to determine diagnostic evaluation for Lynch syndrome in patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer (CRC). We conducted ...
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