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Luckie Matthew - - 2011
Syncope occurring in the setting of head and neck malignancy may have several possible causes. Local effects of a tumour in the parapharyngeal area may produce a syncopal syndrome similar to carotid sinus hypersensitivity, but with distinctive differentiating features. This article presents a case of profound vasodepressor syncope in a ...
R M Cobb Alistair - - 2011
Silent sinus syndrome is defined as a spontaneous and progressive enophthalmos and hypoglobus with hypoplasia of the maxillary sinus and resorption of the orbital floor. It is caused by atelectasis of the maxillary sinus in the presence of ipsilateral chronic hypoventilation of the sinus. The problem may be idiopathic, but ...
Vasaiwala Roshni - - 2011
A full-term female infant with severe unilateral microphthalmos and ipsilateral orbital hemangioma in the setting of PHACE syndrome was successfully managed with oral propranolol therapy and subsequent orbital conformer placement. After 3 months of systemic propranolol therapy, the orbital hemangioma had shown significant regression without systemic or local complications. The ...
Sivasubramaniam R - - 2011
Background:Silent sinus syndrome is characterised by spontaneous enophthalmos and hypoglobus, in association with chronic atelectasis of the maxillary sinus, and in the absence of signs or symptoms of intrinsic sinonasal inflammatory disease. Traditionally, correction of the enophthalmos involved reconstruction of the orbital floor, which was performed simultaneously with sinus surgery. ...
Nout Erik - - 2011
Patients with syndromic craniosynostosis suffering from shallow orbits due to midface hypoplasia can be treated with a Le Fort III advancement osteotomy. This study evaluates the influence of Le Fort III advancement on orbital volume, position of the infra-orbital rim and globe. In pre- and post-operative CT-scans of 18 syndromic ...
Aziz F - - 2011
Congenital coronary sinus anomalies are unusual and they rarely coexist with accessory atrio-ventricular pathways. These anomalies are generally symptomatic; however they can cause difficulty in mapping. The association between accessory pathway and coronary sinus anomalies may suggest an embryological link. Here, we report on a male patient with an accessory ...
Kahn Jonathan B - - 2011
A 45-year-old patient presented with bilateral orbital abscesses. He was found to have Lemierre syndrome, a condition involving septic thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein. The patient developed severe proptosis, sepsis, and cavernous sinus thrombosis. Despite aggressive antibiotic and anticoagulation therapy, visual loss was rapid, and the patient ultimately died. ...
Degirmenci E - - 2011
Cracking the neck is an age-old practice in contravention of its dangerous affects. One of these affects is Brain stem strokes and in this report we describe a patient with Wallenberg syndrome due to neck cracking who is the one of the rare cases in the literature.
Loewy Rachel L RL Department of Psychiatry, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143-0984, United States. - - 2011
In this study, we examined the preliminary concurrent validity of a brief version of the Prodromal Questionnaire (PQ-B), a self-report screening measure for psychosis risk syndromes. Adolescents and young adults (N=141) who presented consecutively for clinical assessment to one of two early psychosis research clinics at the University of California, ...
Rué Marjory - - 2011
Sparse scalp hair, a peculiar shape of the nose, and cone-shaped epiphyses of the phalanges are the hallmarks of the tricho-rhino-phalangeal syndromes (TRPS). Short stature, hip dysplasia, and malformations of inner organs including mitral valve prolpase have also often been described for these conditions. Here, we described a 64-year-old woman ...
Lee Yu Jin - - 2011
An 8-year old girl with Prader-Willi Syndrome presenting with excessive daytime sleepiness improved following treatment with tryptophan; possibly by consolidation of her fragmented sleep. Improvement was recorded on a follow-up sleep study, one year after initiating treatment with tryptophan. We conclude that tryptophan may be an useful medication for excessive ...
Kalliakmani P - - 2011
Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is usually followed by mild renal involvement, but heavy proteinuria may also occur. Limited experience with cyclosporin A in children shows reduction of proteinuria. In this report, the use of cyclosporin A in 5 adult HSP patients with nephrotic-range proteinuria is described. Cyclosporin A in combination with ...
Shneerson Jm - - 2011
The restless legs syndrome is not only common and frequently unrecognized but research has revealed that the limb symptoms are only part of the clinical picture. Abnormalities of dopamine availability in the CNS have been demonstrated and suggest new approaches to treatment.
Boto Leonor Reis - - 2011
Background:  Severe haemolysis caused by an immune reaction to ceftriaxone has mostly been described in patients with underlying haematological or immune dysfunction. So far this situation has not been recognised in congenital nephrotic syndrome patients. Case Report:  The authors present a 20-month-old boy with congenital nephrotic syndrome of the Finnish ...
Bonder Alan - - 2011
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The prevalence of and the most appropriate way to diagnose the primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC)-autoimmmune chronic hepatitis (AIH) overlap syndrome are uncertain. We investigated the prevalence of PBC and AIH, and their level of overlap, at a tertiary referral center, along with clinical, biochemical, and serological characteristics. ...
Spitzer Dietmar - - 2011
The aim of this retrospective study is to investigate the frequency and severity of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome and the pregnancy rate in a patient collective at risk who received bromocriptine treatment.
Connor James R - - 2011
Restless legs syndrome is a neurological disorder characterized by an urgency to move the legs during periods of rest. Data from a variety of sources provide a compelling argument that the amount of iron in the brain is lower in individuals with restless legs syndrome compared with neurologically normal individuals. ...
Dikic Srdjan - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Total gastrectomy causes numerous disorders, such as reflux esophagitis, dumping syndrome, malabsorption, and malnutrition. To minimize the consequences, different variants of reconstruction are performed. The aim of our study is the comparison of two reconstructive methods: the standard Roux-en-Y and a new modality of pouch interposition, preduodenal-pouch interposition. This ...
Manconi Mauro - - 2011
Background: Pramipexole and ropinirole have become the first-line treatment for restless legs syndrome. The aim of this study was to perform the first direct comparison between these two molecules in restless legs syndrome. Methods: A double-blind, placebo-controlled, double-night and prospective investigation was carried out in 45 consecutive naïve patients with ...
Findik Serhat - - 2011
A 35-year-old female presented with three days' history of aching discomfort in her back, chest, and ankles. She had also noticed increasing weakness of her legs and a week before admission had shown flu-like symptoms. Chest X-ray showed bilateral hilar and right paratracheal lymphadenopathy. Bronchoscopic biopsies revealed non-caseating granuloma. She ...
Bebawy John F - - 2011
Compartment syndrome caused by an infiltrated intravenous catheter has been previously reported, but there are no reports of compartment syndrome caused by fluids and/or medications dispensed by a properly functioning drug infusion pump. A case in which a commonly used drug infusion pump delivered propofol and remifentanil under high pressure, ...
Ayromlou Hormoz - - 2011
The syndrome of hemiparkinsonism-hemiatrophy is an uncommon form of secondary Parkinsonism that presents with unilateral body Parkinsonism plus variable atrophy on the same side. Diagnosis of this syndrome needs a complete past medical history taking, as well as assessment of the familial history, clinical examination and complete paraclinical tests.The response ...
Phillips Elizabeth J - - 2011
Severe cutaneous adverse reactions include syndromes such as drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) or drug-induced hypersensitivity syndrome (DIHS) and Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS)/toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN). An important advance has been the discovery of associations between HLA alleles and many of these syndromes, including abacavir-associated hypersensitivity reaction, allopurinol-associated ...
Brew Atkinson A - - 2011
Cyclical Cushing's syndrome is a pattern of hypercortisolism in which the biochemistry of cortisol production fluctuates rhythmically. This syndrome is often associated with fluctuating symptoms and signs. It is now being increasingly recognised. The phenomenon is important because it can, if not recognized, lead to errors in diagnosis and differential ...
Peters Kathryn F - - 2011
We describe an analysis of the responses of 605 adults with experience with Down syndrome, Marfan syndrome, or neurofibromatosis (NF) to the BNE Scale, a scale specifically designed to assess the background, needs, and expectations (BNE) of genetic counseling patients. Significant group differences were found. Specifically, the respondents in the ...
Radu Oana M - - 2011
Many pathology laboratories have developed specific screening protocols to detect patients with Lynch syndrome. With recent recommendations to test all patients with newly diagnosed colorectal cancer for Lynch syndrome, the volume of testing will increase, and the most economic and reliable screening test will prevail. Although the detection of microsatellite ...
Peeples Eric - - 2011
Miller Fisher syndrome is an acute inflammatory polyradiculoneuropathy that is generally considered a variant of Guillain-Barré syndrome and is characterized by the clinical triad of ataxia, areflexia, and ophthalmoplegia. Several reports of familial Guillain-Barré syndrome have been reported, indicating a possible underlying genetic and/or environmental predisposition to the development of ...
Pergament Eugene - - 2011
The objective of this study was to assess the first formal approach for monitoring genetic/developmental syndromes associated with the presence of an increased nuchal translucency (NT) thickness (>3 mm) in the first trimester of pregnancy. Multiple technologies-a DNA chip using the APEX technology, qPCR, microfluidic PCR, and sequencing-were applied to ...
Xu Chao - - 2011
In this manuscript, we report the first patient who suffered from Klinefelter syndrome with aplastic anemia and hyperprolactinemia.
Warren John W - - 2011
To examine the interaction of types and numbers of antecedent nonbladder syndromes (NBSs) to seek clues to the pathogenesis of interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome (IC/PBS). Numerous case series have shown IC/PBS to be associated with several syndromes that do not include bladder symptoms. In a previously reported case-control study, we ...
Sanmartin Nancy - - 2011
We report the case of a patient with steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome which is caused by a renal amyloidosis. This clinical case is characterized by intensity of clinicals and biologicals abnormalities and by its uncommun cause. We also review current data on the nephrotic syndrome as well as on the systemic ...
Nik-Zainal Serena - - 2011
Congenital malformations involving the Müllerian ducts are observed in around 5% of infertile women. Complete aplasia of the uterus, cervix, and upper vagina, also termed Müllerian aplasia or Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome, occurs with an incidence of around 1 in 4500 female births, and occurs in both isolated and syndromic forms. ...
Bodar Evelien J - - 2011
We explored the effects of the oral histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor ITF2357 in patients with autoinflammatory syndrome. In this prospective open-label pilot study, eight patients were enrolled; one patient with tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated periodic syndrome (TRAPS), three patients with hyper-IgD and periodic fever syndrome (HIDS) and four patients with ...
Russell Anthony S - - 2011
This syndrome, while common, is not well recognised in the rheumatology literature. We describe two cases, one classical and one unusual with ultrasound illustrations. The literature, from the original description in 1883, is reviewed with a focus on both the clinical and anatomical variants.
Di Minno M N D - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Although patients with idiopathic VTE are at higher than normal risk of asymptomatic atherosclerosis and of cardiovascular events, the impact of cardiovascular risk factors on VTE is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and of its components in patients with early-onset idiopathic VTE. METHODS: ...
Tsilingaridis Georgios - - 2011
Subjects with Down syndrome have a high prevalence of periodontal disease. The aim was to investigate the level of Th1-, Th2- and Th17-related cytokines in the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) of subjects with Down syndrome. Subjects with Down syndrome (n = 24) and controls (n = 29) with a mean age of 16.4 years were ...
Gorczyca John T - - 2011
Compartment syndrome of the calf has received a great deal of attention in the literature. A MEDLINE search was conducted to identify English-language publications pertaining to compartment syndrome of the leg and calf so that principles, recent evidence, and best practices for the diagnosis and treatment of this syndrome could ...
Radosa Julia C - - 2011
Acute compartment syndrome of the lower limb is a rare but severe intra- and post-partum complication. Prompt diagnosis is essential to avoid permanent functional restriction or even the loss of the affected limb. Clinical signs and symptoms might be nonspecific, especially in the early stages; therefore, knowledge of predisposing risk ...
Ranjit Suchitra - - 2011
To provide a comprehensive review of dengue, with an emphasis on clinical syndromes, classification, diagnosis, and management, and to outline relevant aspects of epidemiology, immunopathogenesis, and prevention strategies. Dengue, a leading cause of childhood mortality in Asia and South America, is the most rapidly spreading and important arboviral disease in ...
Kamate Mahesh - - 2011
Andersen Tawil syndrome is a rare type of channelopathy characterized by the presence of periodic paralysis, cardiac arrhythmia (prolonged QT interval or ventricular arrhythmia) and distinct dysmorphic abnormalities. It is a type of potassium channelopathy that occurs sporadically or by autosomal dominant inheritance. We report a 14 year old boy ...
Kurimoto Takuji - - 2011
We report our findings for a patient with orbital apex syndrome associated with herpes zoster ophthalmicus. Our patient was initially admitted to a neighborhood hospital because of nausea and loss of appetite of 10 days' duration. The day after hospitalization, she developed skin vesicles along the first division of the ...
Garcia-Borreguero Diego - - 2011
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a neurological disorder with a lifetime prevalence of 3-10%. in European studies. However, the diagnosis of RLS in primary care remains low and mistreatment is common. The current article reports on the considerations of RLS diagnosis and management that were made during a European Restless ...
Sullivan Patrick F - - 2011
Chronic fatigue syndrome is an idiopathic syndrome widely suspected of having an infectious or immune etiology. We applied an unbiased metagenomic approach to try to identify known or novel infectious agents in the serum of 45 cases with chronic fatigue syndrome or idiopathic chronic fatigue. Controls were the unaffected monozygotic ...
Slabu Hannah - - 2011
Hyperglycemia is associated with several common neurological syndromes. Chorea, however, is a rare association that has only been documented in the literature recently. The triad of chorea, non-ketotic hyperglycemia and a high signal basal ganglia lesion on the T1 weighted brain MRI (C-H-BG) is considered to be a unique syndrome. ...
Huang Guan-Hua - - 2010
The present study focuses on schizophrenia patient subgroups with specific symptom pattern using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS). In this report, we intend to (1) provide a more appropriate analytic method for exploring the subgroups based on PANSS data, (2) validate identified subgroups with external variables, and (3) ...
Suri Pradeep P Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Harvard Medical School, and Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital and VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA. - - 2010
The clinical syndrome of lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is a common diagnosis in older adults presenting with lower extremity pain. To systematically review the accuracy of the clinical examination for the diagnosis of the clinical syndrome of LSS. MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CINAHL searches of articles published from January 1966 to ...
Her Young - - 2011
Acetazolamide is a sulfonamide derivative and carbonic anhydrase inhibitor used to lower intraocular pressure in glaucomatous patients. Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) associated with acetazolamide treatment has been diagnosed in Japanese, Japanese-American and Indian patients. Herein, we report the second Korean case of SJS-TEN associated with acetazolamide treatment. ...
Irioka Takashi - - 2010
A 37-year-old woman suffered from sudden hemiparesis due to an ischemic stroke. Physical examination revealed dysmorphic features, cognitive impairment, and emotional lability. Radiological studies showed multiple intracranial arterial stenoses, and laboratory examination revealed diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, and endocrinological abnormalities consistent with secondary amenorrhea. Karyotyping disclosed partial monosomy of the short ...
Cesnik E - - 2010
Pregnancy is a risk factor for transient restless legs syndrome, which usually recovers during the postdelivery period. The goal of the present survey is to investigate whether restless legs syndrome during pregnancy represents a risk factor for later development of restless legs syndrome. A long-term follow-up study, planned as an ...
Raziel Arieh - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To report the responses to IVF surrogacy attempts in a female with a heretofore never described combination of Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser (MRHK) syndrome and triple X karyotype. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Reproductive unit of a university-affiliated medical center. PATIENT(S): A 29-year-old female diagnosed as having both MRHK syndrome and a triple ...
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