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Obstbaum S A - - 1989
Decentration and malposition of posterior chamber intraocular lenses (PC IOL) accounts for one of the remaining and unresolved conditions associated with the implantation of these lenses. This condition assumes importance since in approximately 50% of cases where a PC IOL is removed there is an aspect of improper positioning. The ...
Dhooge M - - 1989
A series of 8 patients (12 eyes) with ocular ischemic syndrome (ocular signs and symptoms due to severe carotid obstructive disease) is presented. Anterior segment signs include rubeosis iridis, neovascular glaucoma and uveitis. Posterior segment manifestations include mid-peripheral intraretinal haemorrhages, narrowed arteries, dilated veins and cotton-wool spots. Fluorescein angiography demonstrates ...
Wagner R S - - 1988
Various mechanisms have been proposed to explain the pathogenesis of infantile glaucoma in the Sturge-Weber syndrome. We report the results of treating six patients with combined trabeculectomy and cyclocryotherapy. Successful control of the intraocular pressure occurred in all patients. Two patients required a second procedure at another site. We feel ...
Makley T A - - 1988
A case of iris nevus (Cogan-Reese) syndrome is presented. Our patient's condition was recognized clinically and followed for many years. The unusual amount of proliferated endothelium and abnormal basement membrane and the pedunculated pigment nodules and ectropion uvea were most interesting. If there is a spectrum of disease that includes ...
Mani C - - 1988
Fifty-five adult Down's syndrome subjects resident at Northgate Hospital were screened for the presence of thyroid dysfunction. Approximately 50% of the subjects had clinical features suggestive of hypothyroidism, sufficient to require thyroid-function tests. Twenty-two per cent of the total suffered from some degree of hypothyroidism, and 16% had positive antibodies ...
Farrell J W - - 1988
We report an 11-month-old infant with cri du chat syndrome and cataracts. The chromosomal abnormality was transmitted via a balanced 5/11 translocation from a phenotypically normal mother. The child underwent bilateral cataract extraction and was fitted with extended wear contact lenses. Congenital cataracts may be associated with cri du chat ...
Johnston M E - - 1988
The ocular ischemic syndrome is a manifestation of chronic vascular insufficiency. The natural history is for progressive visual loss. The authors describe 12 patients (13 eyes) who presented with at least one asymmetric ocular finding, including midperipheral dot and blot hemorrhages (hypoperfusion retinopathy) (in 8), iris neovascularization (in 7), neovascular ...
Cashwell L F LF - - 1988
A prospective study of 2121 patients in the southeastern United States having no evidence of glaucoma, suspected of having primary open angle glaucoma, having primary open angle glaucoma, or having open angle glaucoma with exfoliation syndrome revealed an overall prevalence of exfoliation syndrome of 1.6% and a prevalence in the ...
Ball S F - - 1988
A prospective study was performed to determine the prevalence of exfoliation syndrome in a glaucoma population of South Louisiana. Five hundred consecutive open angle glaucoma patients over 50 years of age (median age 70.6 years) from both indigent clinic and private referral sources were examined for the presence of exfoliation ...
Cashwell L F LF - - 1988
A prospective study of 2,121 patients, 30 years of age or older, examined in two clinics in the southeastern United States with dilated slit-lamp biomicroscopy, revealed the exfoliation syndrome in 1.6% of the total population and in 6.0% of an open-angle glaucoma subpopulation. All but one of the 33 patients ...
Goder G J - - 1988
We noticed a tenfold higher incidence of zonular rupture during planned extracapsular cataract extraction (e.c.c.e.) in patients with exfoliation syndrome compared to patients without this disease. The exfoliation glaucoma is an especially bad precondition for e.c.c.e. The postoperative complication rate (toxic lens syndrome, iridocyclitis) is remarkably high when there is ...
Cambiaggi A - - 1988
A questionnaire on the possibility of the use of IOL in cases of cataract with exfoliation syndrome (ES) was sent to several ophthalmic surgeons. The analysis of the answers to the questionnaire shows that the ES is a relative contraindication to the IOL implantation. Posterior chamber and sulcus fixation are ...
Naumann G O - - 1988
Exfoliation syndrome is a major risk factor for extracapsular cataract surgery. In a series of unselected prospectively evaluated extracapsular cataract extractions performed by 9 surgeons the incidence of vitreous loss was 1.8% in 1205 cataracts without EX; in those with EX 9%. This fivefold increased incidence of vitreous loss appears ...
Streeten B W - - 1987
The ultrastructure of the glomerular basement membrane in Alport's syndrome is well known and characteristic of this disease, but the anterior lenticonus that frequently occurs in this syndrome has not been similarly studied. An anterior lens capsule from a 30-year-old patient with lenticonus who had Alport's syndrome was obtained at ...
Regenbogen L S - - 1987
We report a retrospective study of five patients with monocular Fuchs' heterochromic cyclitis associated with an ipsilateral Horner's syndrome. The minimum follow-up was 10 years. The presenting findings were cyclitis in three of the patients and heterochromia iridis associated with blepharoptosis in the other two. The major factors affecting all ...
Allara R D - - 1987
Although inferior subluxation of a posterior chamber intraocular lens following extracapsular cataract extraction (sunset syndrome) occurs infrequently, it is difficult to manage. We describe a new, relatively simple technique for managing subluxated posterior chamber intraocular lenses, in which the lens implant is "dialed" forward into the anterior chamber, bringing its ...
Cibis G W - - 1987
Congenital and juvenile glaucoma are associated with goniodysgenesis and currently thought to be the result of neural crest cell abnormal terminal induction or migration. Infantile glaucoma may be primary, or may be associated with syndromes such as Sturge-Weber, Rieger's and others. Differentiation from other childhood causes of cloudy cornea such ...
Kinnell H G - - 1987
This study of 111 institutionalised Down's syndrome subjects and 74 controls found a relatively low risk of hypothyroidism in both groups compared with certain other studies of Down's subjects, which found very high rates of thyroid hypofunction. However, the Down's syndrome group had a significantly raised risk of hypothyroidism (9%), ...
Ringvold A - - 1987
An epidemiological eye study has been performed in three separate municipalities in the county of South-Trøndelag, Norway. The prevalence of pseudoexfoliation syndrome turned out to be 10.2%, 21.0%, and 19.6% in the respective areas, stating beyond doubt that there are considerable geographic variations in the distribution of this syndrome.
Weiss J S - - 1987
Aniridia and the iridocorneal endothelial (ICE) syndromes both are conditions which include abnormalities of the cornea, iris, and progressive iridocorneal adhesions which may result in glaucoma. In order to investigate the similarities between aniridia and the ICE syndromes, we performed specular microscopy of the corneal endothelium in nine patients with ...
Swartz H M - - 1987
The pigment in the Dubin-Johnson syndrome (DJS) is shown unequivocally not to be a typical melanin or closely related polymer. In electron spin resonance (ESR) studies of DJS pigment from a hepatoma, it is shown that, unlike true melanins, the pigment associated with the DJS syndrome has no free radical ...
Insler M S - - 1986
We observed the pigment dispersion syndrome in two patients after keratoplasty with posterior chamber intraocular lenses. In addition to a heavily pigmented trabecular mesh-work and iris transilluminating defects, an inferior linear pigmented endothelial line was seen in both patients. One patient developed glaucoma, which was well controlled with medication. Pigment ...
Magargal L E - - 1986
Five cases of traumatic expulsion of posterior chamber intraocular lens implants are presented. The syndrome is characterized by expulsion of the lens, iris damage, and intraocular hemorrhage. In experiments with donor human eyes we were able to reproduce the syndrome with 0.68 joules of energy, which is well below that ...
Caprioli J - - 1986
Anterior chamber depth was measured in patients with primary open angle glaucoma, low tension glaucoma, pigmentary dispersion syndrome, and glaucoma suspects. Multiple linear regression analysis demonstrated that anterior chamber depth is a function of sex, age, and refractive error. Values for anterior chamber depth corrected for age and refractive error ...
Berger R O - - 1986
The uveitis-glaucoma-hyphema (UGH) syndrome has been described with all types of intraocular lenses. The usual forms of therapy include miotics, mydriatics, steroids, antiglaucomatous medications, laser therapy, and surgical explanation. I describe five patients in whom the UGH syndrome resolved after long-term Fox shield treatment to prevent nocturnal hand-eye trauma.
Prince A M - - 1986
Pseudoexfoliation syndrome (PXS) is a common cause of glaucoma throughout the world. It is most commonly diagnosed after the observation of pseudoexfoliation material (PXM) on the anterior lens surface. However, there are numerous clinical signs of PXS that should alert the examiner to search carefully for PXM on the anterior ...
Ullman S - - 1986
Two homosexual men, 35 and 42 years old, had bilateral acute angle-closure glaucoma in association with the acquired immune deficiency syndrome. In one patient, the angle-closure attack was the initial manifestation of AIDS. Choroidal effusion with secondary anterior rotation of the ciliary body at the scleral spur appeared to be ...
Gillies W E - - 1986
The results are presented of fluorescein angiography of the iris in 11 patients with anterior segment pigment dispersal syndrome. These show a general hypovascularity of the iris with fine neovascularisation at the pupil margin and the peripupillary area. Hypoplasia of the iris stroma was also present in many cases. When ...
Rinaldi E - - 1986
A 42-year-old woman had morning glory syndrome of the fundus of the right eye. The finding was related to chronic simple glaucoma and without pulsation of the staphyloma. The clinical symptoms and echographic pattern during the endocular hypertensive phase with normal intraocular pressure was studied after appropriate medication. This associated ...
Nork T M - - 1986
Two cases of Waardenburg's syndrome are presented. The first case is an example of Waardenburg's type II (without dystopia canthorum) with bilateral sectoral iris heterochromia and fundus bicolor, hyperpigmented skin patches, characteristic facies and deafness. The second case is an example of Waardenburg's type I (with dystopia canthorum) with complete ...
Spinelli D - - 1985
The ultrastructure of iris vessels in exfoliation syndrome has been investigated. Deposits of exfoliation material have been found in the vessel walls. There is evidence of different stages of pathological alterations of some vessels, culminating in the loss of endothelial cells and obliteration of the lumen associated with exfoliative deposits. ...
Wright K W - - 1985
To our knowledge this is the first reported case of cyclopentolate induced bilateral acute angle-closure glaucoma associated with the Weill-Marchesani syndrome without lens subluxation. The diagnosis of Weill-Marchesani syndrome was not initially suspected, and Pilocarpine was used in an attempt to break the acute attack. Treatment with Pilocarpine-induced myosis only ...
Eiden S B - - 1985
The pigment dispersion syndrome occasionally results in a specific form of open angle glaucoma (pigmentary glaucoma). Recent evidence suggests a mechanical etiology of pigment liberation. Consideration of these etiological factors influences the optometric management of patients with pigment dispersion syndrome and pigmentary glaucoma. A review of anatomical and histological factors ...
Hertzberg R - - 1985
Congenital ectropion uveae is a rare condition which may be present in one or both eyes. If the patient is followed glaucoma will always be found to be present. Associated features which have been described are ptosis, Rieger's anomaly, Prader Willi syndrome, facial hemiatrophy and neurofibromatosis. This paper describes a ...
Jerndal T - - 1985
Exfoliation of devitalized tissue and pigment from the neuroepithelium of the uveal tract constitute the earliest stage of the exfoliation syndrome according to a biomicroscopic study. With an immuno-histochemical technique exfoliative material from lenses with the classic exfoliation syndrome, demonstrated the same staining characteristics as the pigmentary epithelium of the ...
Campbell D G - - 1984
Eyes with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment can occasionally be seen with hypotony and a peculiar retraction of the peripheral iris. Herein I report the following new observations in this syndrome: (1) seclusion of the pupil, (2) resolution of the retraction configuration after disruption of the seclusion, (3) the initial manifestation as ...
Garner A - - 1984
The histochemical staining properties of the abnormal material deposited in the anterior segment of the eye in the pseudoexfoliation syndrome and the zonular ligaments of the lens are essentially the same. Both present the staining characteristics of oxytalan, the microfibrillar component of elastic tissue. Reasons are advanced for regarding the ...
Huber C - - 1984
An excessive trauma of the iris at the time of lens implantation in the posterior chamber can lead to a change in color of a blue iris because of a diffuse pigmentary dispersion syndrome and possibly a pigmentary glaucoma. The clinical signs of the syndrome are illustrated and the possible ...
Flaherty R J - - 1984
Patients with this syndrome usually have no prior history of thyroid disease. Mild hyperthyroidism is noted one to three months after an uncomplicated delivery and is followed by a brief euthyroid period. Symptomatic hypothyroidism develops three to six months postpartum. The syndrome is self-limited. The hypothyroidism is treated in the ...
Woodward P M - - 1984
A method of bilateral lens removal in a patient with Marchesani syndrome is described. The patient had nasally dislocated spherical lenses, shallow anterior chambers, brachymorphism, systolic heart murmur, and joint anomalies. Anterior capsulotomies were performed using a mode-locked Nd:YAG laser. The lenses were removed by irrigation-aspiration without complications.
Burck U - - 1984
A girl with unilateral partly depigmented, partly hyperpigmented atrophic skin lesions, hypertrichosis, postauricular nodules, cataracts, and mild mental retardation is presented. Additionally, she developed multiple neoplasms as optic glaucoma, a psammomatous meningioma and an ameloblastoma. It remains unclear whether our patient suffers from a variant of the epidermal nevus syndrome ...
Chew E Y - - 1983
The 2 rare entities, pigmentary dispersion syndrome and pigmented pattern dystrophy of the retinal pigment epithelium, were found in a young male patient. Visual function was undisturbed.
Deluise V P - - 1983
Corneal edema occurring in the congenital rubella syndrome can result from coexistent glaucoma or develop in the absence of an elevated intraocular pressure. We examined a 36-week-old female infant with documented congenital rubella syndrome who had bilateral corneal stromal edema without attendant congenital glaucoma. Histopathologic examination of the cornea revealed ...
Davidson J A - - 1983
A recently introduced theory of the mechanism of the pigment dispersion syndrome is that pigment granules are released by mechanical contact between the anterior surface of zonular fibrils and the posterior surface of the pigment epithelium of the iris. A photogrammetric study of the depth of the central and peripheral ...
Baba H - - 1983
The iris of patients with exfoliation syndrome and senile cataracts were studied with a polarization microscope as well as histochemically. Amorphous substance stained by pH 1.0 alcian blue was observed in exfoliation syndrome on the posterior surface of the iris. This layer was thicker in exfoliation syndrome than in senile ...
Shields M B - - 1983
Twenty-four patients with the diagnosis of Axenfeld's anomaly or Rieger's anomaly or syndrome were the subjects of a clinical study, which included specular microscopy of the corneal endothelium in 16 cases and fluorescein angiography of the iris in 5. Histopathologic material was obtained from ten eyes of eight of these ...
Cibis G W - - 1982
Bilateral corneal keloids in a boy wih Lowe's syndrome were examined by conventional light and electron microscopy. There were no signs of perforating corneal trauma or iridocorneal incarceration in either eye. The corneal keloids consisted of haphazardly arranged bundles of collagen fibers, fibroblasts, and fenestrated blood vessels. The anterior region ...
Shin D H - - 1982
Histocompatibility antigen typing was performed on 12 Caucasian patients with the pigment dispersion syndrome. Increased prevalence of HLA-B13 and Bw17 that had been observed in a previous study (Becker et al. 1977) could not be confirmed in the present study. There were no significant increases of HLA-B7 and B12 in ...
Baba H - - 1982
The aqueous humor proteins of exfoliation syndrome were studied qualitatively by crossed immunoelectrophoresis and compared with normal controls. Two kinds of macromolecules (alpha 1-lipoprotein and ceruloplasmin) were detected more frequently in exfoliation syndrome than in the normal controls. Alpha 1 Lp was detected in eight of ten patients with exfoliation ...
Seland J H - - 1982
The histopathological features of the lenticular part of the exfoliation syndrome includes active production of pathological capsular substance in the epithelial cells in the zona germinativa. Analysis of the cataract pattern of 431 exfoliation lenses and 1776 control lenses extracted at the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary shows a significant ...
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