Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 893
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Yeniel Ahmet Özgür AÖ Department of Obstetrics and Gyneocology, Faculty of Medicine, Ege University, İzmir, - - 2011
Caudal regression syndrome is a rare congenital malformation with varying degrees of early gestational developmental failure. It is also known as sacral agenesis or caudal dysplasia. The cause of this malformation is thought to be defects in neuralization around the 28th day of the gestational period. Although maternal uncontrolled diabetes, ...
Grover Patrick J - - 2010
We describe a case of cerebral venous thrombosis presenting in a patient with Lane-Hamilton syndrome and coeliac disease epilepsy cerebral calcification syndrome. This is a first reported occurrence of this combination. Delayed anticoagulation with early external ventricular drain insertion for life-threatening raised intracranial pressure resulted in a successful outcome.
Yamamoto Hitoshi - - 2011
As seizures in the neonatal period have generally been identified only by direct clinical observation, there is frequently a lack of objectivity as to whether seizures are categorized as epilepsies or non-epilepsies. A major characteristic of neonatal seizures is electro-clinical dissociation and some electro-graphic seizures do not produce clinical symptoms. ...
Finsterer Josef - - 2010
There are some indications that seizure activity promotes the development of stroke-like episodes, or vice versa, in patients with mitochondrial encephalopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) syndrome or other syndromic mitochondrial disorders. A 41-year-old Caucasian female with MELAS syndrome, presenting with short stature, microcytic anaemia, increased blood-sedimentation rate, myopathy, hyper-gammaglobulinaemia, ...
Merchut Michael P - - 2010
Syndromes from antibodies to voltage-gated potassium channels include neuromyotonia (NMT), limbic encephalitis (LE) and Morvan syndrome (MVS). There are distinct clinical features for NMT (cramps, stiffness, fasciculations, myokymia, hyperhidrosis; afterdischarges and continuous motor activity on electromyogram), LE (encephalopathy with seizures, deficient recent memory; hyponatremia, temporal lobe magnetic resonance imaging and ...
Berry-Kravis Elizabeth - - 2010
A national survey of caregivers of individuals with fragile X syndrome addressed characteristics of epilepsy and co-occurring conditions. Of the 1,394 individuals (1,090 males and 304 females) with the full mutation, 14% of males and 6% of females reported seizures. Seizures were more often partial, began between ages 4 and ...
Prada Fredy - - 2010
In PHACE syndrome, the acronym PHACE stands for the association of posterior fossa malformations, cervicofacial hemangiomas, arterial anomalies, coarctation and eye anomalies. We report our findings in four patients with this syndrome, in whom it was characterized by complex aortic coarctation that required not only preoperative echocardiographic investigation, but also ...
Davis Larry E - - 2010
In the spring of 2009 a new triple-reassortant of influenza A (H1N1) virus appeared in Mexico and rapidly spread around the world, becoming a pandemic that primarily infected children and uncommonly older adults. Accompanying the pandemic were associated neurologic and muscular syndromes that affected primarily children and included febrile seizures, ...
Espeche Alberto Luis - - 2010
We report two patients, the first one had benign infantile seizures (BIS) associated with gastroenteritis (BISG), followed by BIS without gastroenteritis, in the second patient BIS was followed by BISG related to anti-rotavirus vaccine. After 12 and 6 months of follow-up, both patients had normal psychomotor development. BISG may be ...
Cuzzola Antonella - - 2010
Lennox-Gastaut syndrome is an intractable epileptic encephalopathy, with most patients experiencing daily seizures despite therapy with multiple antiepileptic drugs. New treatments need to be tested to define their efficacy in this syndrome. Lacosamide is a new antiepileptic drug recently approved for the treatment of partial-onset seizures. We describe three patients ...
Marino D - - 2011
Even after the introduction of new antiepileptic drugs, phenobarbital continues to be largely used in the treatment of epilepsy. We report the case of a 59-year-old woman with focal seizures with secondary generalization, treated with phenobarbital with normal serum levels. After thirty days she showed Sjogren-like symptoms, which resolved after ...
Miller Sarah - - 2010
Reading epilepsy is a rare epilepsy syndrome triggered by language related activity, in particular reading. Here we describe a patient with reflex seizures brought on specifically by reading in Arabic. The types of reading epilepsy, their typical clinical features, probable pathophysiology and management are discussed.
Al-Mahmood Ammar M - - 2010
We report a rare case of Alport syndrome with progressive posterior lenticonus. A 24-year-old male presented to our tertiary eye care center with history of poor vision. At initial presentation, the patient had bilateral anterior lenticonus, posterior subcapsular cataract, and renal failure. The patient was diagnosed with Alport syndrome based ...
Kozeis N - - 2010
We report on a patient who developed capsular block syndrome (CBS) in the early postoperative period with marked myopic shift in absence of anterior dislocation of the posterior-chamber intraocular lens (PC/IOL) and iris diaphragm. Treatment with focal 6-o'-clock Nd: YAG-capsulotomy resulted in complete visual acuity restoration. To the best of ...
Moutaouakil Fettouma - - 2010
Benign myoclonic epilepsy of infancy is a rare idiopathic generalized epileptic syndrome occurring below the age of 3 years. Although benign outcome is presumed, some recent studies suggest less favorable outcome. A 14-year-old boy had a history of repeated episodes of myoclonic jerks of the shoulders and upper limbs in ...
Reutlinger Constanze - - 2010
Seizure disorders of the rolandic region comprise a spectrum of different epilepsy syndromes ranging from benign rolandic epilepsy to more severe seizure disorders including atypical benign partial epilepsy/pseudo-Lennox syndrome,electrical status epilepticus during sleep, and Landau-Kleffner syndrome. Centrotemporal spikes are the unifying electroencephalographic hallmark of these benign focal epilepsies, indicating a ...
Vendrame Martina - - 2010
Rufinamide is a new antiepileptic drug recently approved as adjunctive treatment for generalized seizures in Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. We undertook a retrospective analysis of 77 patients with refractory epilepsy and receiving rufinamide to evaluate the drug's efficacy, tolerability, safety, and dosing schedules. It appeared efficacious in diverse epilepsy syndromes, with the ...
Visser Nora A - - 2011
Mutations in the gene encoding of the catalytic subunit of mtDNA polymerase gamma (POLG1) can cause typical Alpers' syndrome. Recently, a new POLG1 mutation phenotype was described, the so-called juvenile-onset Alpers' syndrome. This POLG1 mutation phenotype is characterized by refractory epilepsy with recurrent status epilepticus and episodes of epilepsia partialis ...
Specchio Nicola - - 2010
Panayiotopoulos syndrome (PS) is a common childhood susceptibility to autonomic seizures and status epilepticus. Despite its high prevalence, PS has been a source of significant debate. We present ictal EEG documentation of autonomic seizures and autonomic status epilepticus in six cases of PS and a review of 14 reported cases. ...
Vendrame Martina - - 2010
Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a genomic imprinting disease secondary to the loss of a functional paternal copy of 15q11-q13. Unlike its related imprinting disorder, Angelman syndrome, PWS has not been regarded as a risk factor for epilepsy. A retrospective analysis of 92 patients with PWS identified 24 (26%) with seizures. ...
Pintaudi Maria - - 2010
Epilepsy often occurs in Rett syndrome and is considered a major problem. The aim of this study was to define the clinical features of epilepsy and the correlation between seizures and both genotype and clinical phenotype in the Rett population. One hundred sixty-five patients with Rett syndrome referred to four ...
Specchio Nicola N Division of Neurology, Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital IRCCS, Pza S Onofrio, 4 00165 Rome, Italy. - - 2010
West Syndrome (WS) is a severe epileptic encephalopathy occurring in the first year of life. According the ILAE classification of epileptic seizures and epilepsy the etiology could be symptomatic or cryptogenic. Some authors identified a small group of patients (5%) with a particular good outcome, a complete recovery from seizures ...
Kelley Sarah A - - 2010
Doose syndrome, otherwise traditionally known as myoclonic-astatic epilepsy, was first described as a unique epilepsy syndrome by Dr Hermann Doose in 1970. In 1989, the International League Against Epilepsy classified it formally as a symptomatic generalized epilepsy, and 20 years later it was renamed 'epilepsy with myoclonic-atonic seizures'. In this ...
Akiyama Tomoyuki - - 2010
To characterize very early onset symptomatic epilepsies electroclinically, to identify meaningful factors to delineate epilepsy syndromes under this category, and to test validity of the current syndromic organization of these epilepsies by the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE). Subjects were 38 epileptic patients with seizure onset before 3 months of ...
- - 2010
These two brand names are too similar, while the international non-proprietary names (INNs) are clearly different: lamotrigine (an antiepileptic) and terbinafine (an antifungal drug).
Giovannini Simona - - 2010
Epilepsy is the most common and serious neurological symptom in ring chromosome 14 syndrome, also characterised by mild dysmorphisms, acquired microcephaly, cognitive impairment, hypotonia and ocular abnormalities. Typically, early-onset, polymorphous and drug-resistant seizures are reported. Status epilepticus has not been previously reported. We describe a nine-year-old Caucasian boy with ring ...
Karimzadeh Parvaneh - - 2011
This study attempted to elaborate the existence of a specific neurologic pattern observed in children who experienced neonatal hypoglycemia. Twenty-seven patients with seizure and history of neonatal hypoglycemia were compared with 28 children suffering from idiopathic occipital epilepsy. In both groups the most common type of seizure activities included eye ...
Deonna Thierry - - 2010
Early-onset acquired epileptic aphasia (Landau-Kleffner syndrome) may present as a developmental language disturbance and the affected child may also exhibit autistic features. Landau-Kleffner is now seen as the rare and severe end of a spectrum of cognitive-behavioural symptoms that can be seen in idiopathic (genetic) focal epilepsies of childhood, the ...
Hornberger Michael - - 2010
A 44-year-old woman presented with focal retrograde amnesia and complaints of rapid forgetting in the absence of episodes of transient cognitive disturbance. Her MRI and 2-deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-D-glucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) were normal. On standard neuropsychological tests she performed within the normal range although a test of autobiographical memory confirmed impoverished ...
Zarczuk Radosław - - 2010
In recent years, the concept of an immunological background of some types of epilepsy has been gaining an increasing number of supporters. The following article is an attempt to review the most significant studies that explore irregularities in patients with intractable epilepsy, search for and identify the immunological causal factors ...
Muthugovindan Deivasumathy D Division of Pediatric Neurology, John M. Freeman Pediatric Epilepsy Center, Johns Hopkins Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21287, - - 2010
Pediatric epilepsies are a heterogeneous group of disorders that encompass various epilepsy syndromes ranging from benign to progressive and catastrophic. The past 2 decades have seen major advancements in the appreciation of epilepsy syndromes and their underlying mechanisms. Modern neuroimaging methods have helped to identify structural pathologies and genetic discoveries ...
Seneviratne Udaya - - 2010
Fyodor Dostoevsky is a great Russian writer who had epilepsy. As a consequence, there are many references to seizure-related phenomena in his work. His epilepsy syndrome has been a focus of debate. The goal of this article is to delineate his epilepsy syndrome based on a semiological description of seizures, ...
Correia Jason A - - 2010
Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome is a severe childhood epilepsy syndrome characterised by the diagnostic triad of a slow spike and wave pattern on electroencephalogram, multiple seizure types and developmental delay. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension is a syndrome characterised by raised cerebrospinal fluid pressure in the absence of an intracranial mass lesion or ventricular ...
Ferrie Colin D - - 2010
Lennox-Gastaut syndrome is a relatively rare epilepsy syndrome that usually begins in early-mid childhood and is characterized by multiple seizure types, particularly generalized seizures, which are often resistant to antiepileptic drug medication. Rufinamide is a new antiepileptic drug approved as adjunctive therapy to treat seizures in Lennox-Gastaut syndrome in those ...
Sepić-Grahovac Dubravka - - 2010
This article reports the case of a patient with partial agenesis of the corpus callosum manifested with corpus callosum syndrome together with signs of brain hemispheres dysfunction: mental impairment, epilepsy and pyramidal signs. The patient's malformation is combined with left-handedness while signs of callosal disconnection are not present. Mild cognitive ...
Sangani Masoud - - 2010
Late Onset Myoclonic Epilepsy in Down Syndrome (LOMEDS) is a recognized entity usually preceded by cognitive deterioration. We report two patients with LOMEDS and cognitive decline, aged 52 and 44 years. Continuous video-EEG recording showed generalised spike and slow wave complexes as an ictal correlate of the myoclonic jerks in ...
Ossola Maria - - 2010
Epileptic phenomena are usually not considered a possible cause of prolonged hallucinatory states such as Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS). A 65-year-old woman with previous right hemorrhagic strokes developed complex visual hallucinations (CVHs), featuring CBS, and delayed palinopsic phenomena, along with new neurological signs and worsening of existing deficits. Video/EEG/polygraphy monitoring ...
Jain G - - 2010
We report a case where a patient presented with generalised tonic-clonic seizures secondary to nausea, vomiting and dehydration. She had suffered a postpartum haemorrhage six months previously. On laboratory assessment hyponatraemia and low hormone concentrations suggested pituitary failure. The diagnosis was confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging of the head, which ...
Michoulas Aspasia - - 2010
Lennox-Gastaut syndrome occurs in 3% of children with epilepsy and is characterized by multiple seizure types, slow spike-and-wave discharges and a poor prognosis for seizure control and cognitive development. Although randomized controlled trials of adjunctive felbamate, lamotrigine, topiramate and rufinamide have demonstrated a > or =50% reduction in seizure frequency, ...
Thomas Bejoy - - 2010
The purpose of this pictorial essay is to classify epilepsy syndromes due to inborn errors of metabolism according to age at onset and type of seizure and to show the MRI features of many of the syndromes. Epilepsy syndromes due to inborn errors of metabolism are rare, but it is ...
Kaciński Marek - - 2010
Parry-Romberg syndrome is characterized by progressive unilateral facial atrophy affecting subcutaneous tissue, cartilage and bone structures. Headache attacks and epilepsy are commonly associated with this syndrome but the underlying pathophysiology is still unknown. A case of a 12-year-old boy with Parry-Romberg syndrome and syringomyelia suffering from severe headache attacks and ...
Kinoshita Hiroyuki H Department of Internal Medicine, Tokyo Metropolitan Bokutoh Hospital, 4-23-15, Koutoh-bashi, Sumida-ku, Tokyo, Japan. - - 2010
DiGeorge syndrome - a component of the 22q11 deletion syndrome - causes a disturbance in cervical neural crest migration that results in parathyroid hypoplasia. Patients can develop hypocalcemia-induced seizures. Spina bifida is caused by failure of neurulation, including a disturbance in the adhesion processes at the neurula stage. Spina bifida ...
Aizaki Koichi - - 2011
A girl with cardio-facio-cutaneous (CFC) syndrome due to a BRAF gene mutation (c.1454T→C, p.L485S) experienced repetitive epileptic spasms at the corrected age of 4 months. Electroencephalograms revealed hypsarrhythmia, and magnetic resonance imaging identified delayed myelination and a hypoplastic corpus callosum. Various antiepileptic treatments, including adrenocorticotropic hormone therapy, were ineffective, although ...
Brncić Nada - - 2010
Splenic rupture is rare but life threatening complication of mononucleosis syndrome. It has been suggested that subcapsular splenic hematoma formation precedes rupture. The case of 44-year-old, previously healthy, male with splenic hematoma occurring after rising of heavy cargo is reported. Mononucleosis syndrome was suggested based on routine laboratory tests (elevated ...
Shimojima Keiko - - 2010
Deletion of the terminal end of 17p is responsible for Miller-Dieker syndrome (MDS), which is characterized by lissencephaly, distinctive facial features, growth deficiency, and intractable seizures. Using microarray-based comparative genomic hybridization, 3 patients with epilepsy were revealed to have genomic copy number aberrations at 17p13.3: a partial LIS1 deletion in ...
Stein Diane - - 2010
Angelman syndrome is often associated with medically refractory epilepsy. Here, we report the case of a young girl with Angelman syndrome who experienced frequent and prolonged atonic seizures associated with dysautonomia and was unresponsive to multiple antiepileptic drugs, but who responded dramatically to the ketogenic diet. Clinicians are encouraged to ...
Joshi Devavrat - - 2010
A 34-year-old man with a seizure disorder had not been taking anticonvulsant medications regularly. A previous pattern of recurrent seizures resolved after restarting anticonvulsant drugs. Recent seizure episodes were followed by delirium and presentation of Capgras syndrome. A variety of functional and organic etiologies for Capgras syndrome are known. This ...
Berg Anne T - - 2010
The International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) Commission on Classification and Terminology has revised concepts, terminology, and approaches for classifying seizures and forms of epilepsy. Generalized and focal are redefined for seizures as occurring in and rapidly engaging bilaterally distributed networks (generalized) and within networks limited to one hemisphere and either ...
Kokkinos Vasileios - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the spatiotemporal course of interictal spikes in Panayiotopoulos syndrome (PS), and in particular whether seemingly independent extra-occipital spikes are truly autonomous or secondary, triggered by occipital spikes. METHODS: Seven children with the most representative interictal spike patterns on visual analysis were studied. Five had a single focus ...
Mastrangelo Mario - - 2010
Rasmussen's syndrome (RS) is a rare acquired progressive inflammatory encephalopathy characterized by drug-resistant partial seizures and cognitive deterioration resulting from a gradual impairment and a subsequent atrophy of a single brain hemisphere. It was firstly described by Theodore Rasmussen in 1958. The original etiopathogenic hypothesis of a chronic viral infection ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >