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Chung Brian H Y - - 2013
Loeys-Dietz syndrome (LDS) is an autosomal dominant connective tissue disorder characterized by hypertelorism, bifid uvula, cleft palate and arterial tortuosity. We report on a patient with LDS, bearing mutation in the TGFβR2 gene, whose prenatal examination demonstrated clenched fists and club feet, suggesting arthrogryposis multiplex congenita. Postnatal assessment showed digital ...
Fang J - - 2013
In countries such as the United States where rubella virus infections are rare, congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) may not be recognized in a timely manner. However, the syndrome still appears in this country, often in infants of mothers emigrating from countries with absent or suboptimal national vaccination programs. We describe ...
Wong Sze Choong - - 2013
To determine the prevalence of Turner syndrome in girls presenting with coarctation of the aorta (CoA). A total of 132 girls with known structural CoA was identified. Those girls who had no previous karyotype analysis performed were asked to participate in a research study in which a banded karyotype with ...
Castro Simon - - 2013
Robinow syndrome, also known as fetal face syndrome, is a rare genetically heterogeneous condition characterized mainly by mesomelic limb shortening, facial malformations, and genital abnormalities. This report describes the sonographic findings in a case of autosomal-dominant Robinow syndrome diagnosed at 23.1 weeks' gestation, in a patient with no history of ...
Miller Laura L - - 2013
Only a few studies have examined the relationship between Tourette syndrome or chronic tic disorder and socio-economic status (SES). Existing studies are primarily cross-sectional, arise from specialty clinics, and use single measures of SES. In this study we examine this relationship in a longitudinal, population-based sample. Data are from 7152 ...
De Montpellier Sybille - - 2013
Co-occurrence of congenital central hypoventilation syndrome and Hirschsprung disease is known as Haddad syndrome. Affected patients develop with variable expressivity a dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system. We report the natural history of a full-term newborn infant presenting multiple features of autonomic system dysfunction that were already noted antenatally. The ...
Schoberer M - - 2013
Acute maternal Parvovirus B19 infection affects about 1% of all pregnancies worldwide. Diaplacental transmission of Parvovirus B19 during the second trimester can cause complications like foetal hydrops, premature delivery or foetal loss in about 20-30% of these pregnancies, whereas the majority of maternal infections remain clinically silent. In individual cases, ...
Kumar Suresh - - 2013
Abstract We present a 2-month-old male affected by Zellweger syndrome, a rare peroxisomal disorder. The diagnosis was supported by clinical and radiological findings and established by biochemical tests. The characteristic radiological features included anomalous ossification (epiphyseal stippling). We also discuss main differential diagnoses of epiphyseal stippling and a brief literature ...
Coffin Cheryl M - - 2013
Soft tissue neoplasms may be associated with a variety of genetic disorders and malformation syndromes, especially when they arise in children, adolescents and early adulthood. This review summarizes the principal histopathological types of soft tissue tumours which occur in various syndromes, with an emphasis on pathological features, genetic aspects and ...
Perche Olivier - - 2013
7qter deletion syndrome includes prenatal and/or postnatal growth retardation, microcephaly, psychomotor delay or mental retardation and a characteristic dysmorphism. If clinical features are well described, the molecular mechanisms underlying the 7qter deletion syndrome remain unknown. Those deletions usually arise de novo. Here, we describe a young boy with an abnormal ...
Perche Olivier - - 2013
"FOXG1 syndrome" includes postnatal microcephaly, severe intellectual disability with absence of language and agenesis of the corpus callosum. When the syndrome is associated with large 14q12q13 deletions, the patients present characteristic facial dysmorphism. Although all reports were based on genomic analysis, recently a FOXG1 regulatory elements deletion, associated with down ...
Cocchi Guido G Department of Maternal and Paediatric Sciences, Neonatology, St. Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, University of Bologna, Bologna, - - 2013
Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous syndrome characterized by severe intrauterine and postnatal growth retardation, facial dysmorphism and body asymmetry. One of the main molecular mechanisms leading to the syndrome involves methylation abnormalities of chromosome 11p15. In the last decades, an increase of imprinting disorders have been ...
van Gameren-Oosterom Helma B M - - 2013
To assess problem behavior in adolescents with Down syndrome and examine the association with sex and severity of intellectual disability. Cross-sectional data of a Dutch nationwide cohort of Down syndrome children aged 16-19 years were collected using a written parental questionnaire. Problem behavior was measured using the Child Behavior Checklist ...
Quarello E - - 2013
We aim to describe the abnormal features of the fouth ventricle (FV) in the setting of fetuses complicated by Joubert syndrome and related disorders (JSRD). Seven fetuses presented abnormalities of the brain isolated or associated with other findings were reviewed. The molar tooth sign (MTS) was always present and visible ...
Ghosh Sujoy S Human Genetics Research Unit, Department of Zoology, Sundarban Hazi Desarat College (Affiliated to University of Calcutta), South 24 Parganas, Pathankhali, West Bengal, 743611, India, - - 2014
We conducted a survey to analyze the genetic epidemiology of trisomy 21 Down syndrome births in the Sundarban delta region of India. In this region, inhabitants are chiefly from marginalized poor tribal communities and have lived in extremely low socioeconomic condition for several generations. Microsatellite genotyping revealed an meiosis I/meiosis ...
Low Karen K Department of Clinical Genetics, University Hospitals Bristol, Bristol, UK. - - 2013
A mother and daughter with an overlapping Catel-Manzke and Temtamy preaxial brachydactyly hyperphalangism syndrome phenotype are reported. We describe a phenotype with a previously undescribed genetic basis. .
Varma Sapna N K - - 2013
Silver - Russell syndrome is a clinically and genetically heterogenous condition characterized by severe intrauterine and postnatal growth retardation, craniofacial disproportion and normal intelligence downward curvature of the corner of the mouth, syndactyly and webbed fingers. Diagnosis of Silver - Russell syndrome remains clinical; no definite etiology or specific tests ...
Oakes Ashley - - 2013
The current study sought to characterize the language phenotype of fragile X syndrome (FXS), focusing on the extent of impairment in receptive syntax, within-syndrome variability in those impairments in relation to gender, and the syndrome specificity of those impairments. The Test for the Reception of Grammar-2 (Bishop, 2003) was used ...
Szabo Szilvia S Department of Morphology and Physiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Semmelweis University, Budapest, - - 2013
Preeclampsia is characterized by maternal systemic anti-angiogenic and pro-inflammatory states. Syndecan-1 is a cell surface proteoglycan expressed by the syncytiotrophoblast, which plays an important role in angiogenesis and resolution of inflammation. Our aim was to examine placental syndecan-1 expression in preeclampsia with or without hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low ...
Micheletto Marcos Ricardo Datti - - 2013
Down syndrome occurs in approximately 1:600 live births. Genetic counseling is indicated for these families and may be beneficial for adaptation to the challenges that accompany by this diagnosis. Although the basic counseling goals are similar, there are many models of genetic counseling practiced around the world. The aim of ...
Lituania Mario - - 2013
PURPOSE: The prenatal ultrasound visualization of the soft palate and especially the uvula may be technically difficult due to its anatomy and presence of surrounding structures. A cleft involving the soft palate and the uvula is one of the clinical features of Stickler syndrome, a rare connective tissue disorder. MATERIALS ...
Gajda Anna - - 2013
Hypotonia in the neonatal period and early infancy is a common clinical finding. It can be caused by various heterogeneous disorders of different origin which might lead to diagnostic difficulties. Disorders of the neuromuscular junction, such as congenital myasthenic syndromes and neonatal transient myasthenia gravis are among the aetiologies. We ...
Kim Tae-Hee - - 2013
Postpartum hemorrhage presents a difficult situation for obstetricians, and several methods have been developed to reduce mortality and morbidity. We recently read the review of uterine compression sutures for postpartum hemorrhage in this journal, which suggested that compression sutures offer improved hemostasis and preserve future fertility (1). Placenta previa can ...
Ome Maria - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Prune belly syndrome is a rare congenital malformation of unknown aetiology and is characterised by abnormalities of the urinary tract, a deficiency of abdominal musculature and bilateral cryptorchidism in males. We report a case of prune belly syndrome from Papua New Guinea, which was suspected on pregnancy ultrasound scan ...
Aloizos S - - 2013
HELLP, a syndrome characterised by haemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelets, a variant of pre-eclampsia/eclampsia, is a multisystemic disorder with an incidence of up to 0.9% in all pregnancies and occurs in about one-quarter of pre-eclamptic patients. Most obstetricians presume that HELLP derives from an autoimmune reaction, leading to ...
Ko Jung Min - - 2013
Sheldon-Hall syndrome (SHS) is a rare autosomal dominant, inherited arthrogryposis syndrome characterized by multiple congenital contractures of the distal limbs. To date, four genes that encode the skeletal muscle fiber complex have been confirmed as the causative genes. Mutations in MYH3 have been identified most frequently and few cases of ...
Arora Kamaldeep - - 2013
Fryns syndrome (FS) is a multiple congenital anomaly syndrome, inherited as an autosomal recessive defect with variable expression. The authors report a newborn with FS, whose mother had two previous affected pregnancies with the infants having variable phenotypic expression. FS is characterized by craniofacial dysmorphism, diaphragmatic hernia and distal limb ...
Guedj Faycal - - 2013
Trisomy 21 (T21) is the most common autosomal aneuploidy that is associated with intellectual disability. It is the focus of many prenatal screening programs across the globe. Pregnant women who receive a prenatal diagnosis of T21 in their fetus currently have the option of continuing or terminating their pregnancy, but ...
Tug Esra E Department of Medical Genetics, Gazi University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey. - - 2013
Nance-Horan Syndrome (NHS) is a rare X-linked syndrome characterized by congenital cataract which leads to profound vision loss, characteristic dysmorphic features and specific dental anomalies. Microcornea, microphthalmia and mild or moderate mental retardation may accompany these features. Heterozygous females often manifest similarly but with less severe features than affected males. ...
Classen Carl Friedrich - - 2013
When a known microimbalance affecting multiple genes is detected in a patient with syndromic intellectual disability, it is usually presumed causative for all observed features. Whole exome sequencing (WES) allows questioning this assumption. In this study of three families with children affected by unexplained syndromic intellectual disability, genome-wide copy number ...
Jo Dae Gi - - 2013
Klinefelter syndrome is a chromosomal disorder present in 1 out of 400 to 1,000 male newborns in Western populations. Two-thirds of affected newborns show a karyotype of 47,XXY. Few studies have examined the incidence of Klinefelter syndrome in Korea. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of ...
Ciftci Ilhan - - 2013
Vaginal agenesis is known as one of the Mόllerian anomalies. Mόllerian anomalies occur during gonadal development and differentiation, and may lead to complex outcomes. McKusick-Kaufman syndrome (MKS) is an autosomal recessive multiple malformation syndrome characterized by Mόllerian anomalies with hydrometrocolpos (HMC) and postaxial polydactyly (PAP). We report a case of ...
Yaqoob Muhammad - - 2013
The etiology of cleft lip (CL) and/or cleft palate (CP) has been extensively studied in industrialized countries and is suggested to be heterogeneous with increasing evidence that both genetic and environmental factors are operating. To evaluate this assertion in a developing country like Pakistan, a case finding cross-sectional study was ...
Kemeny S - - 2013
The 48,XXYY syndrome is a rare uncommon gonosome aneuploidy and its incidence is estimated to be 1:18,000-1:40,000. The phenotype associated with this syndrome, classically described as Klinefelter variant, is extremely variable but developmental abnormalities are always present. Ultrasound signs during pregnancy are inconsistent, and only three prenatal cases have been ...
Kılıç Esra - - 2013
Sotos syndrome is a multiple anomaly syndrome characterized by pre- and postnatal overgrowth with advanced bone age, macrocephaly, developmental delay, and distinctive facial phenotype. Autosomal dominant mutations and deletions of the nuclear receptor set domain gene (NSD1), which is located at chromosome 5q35, are responsible for most of the cases. ...
Delio Maria M Departments of Genetics, Pediatrics, and Obstetrics & Gynecology and Women's Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, - - 2013
Velocardiofacial and DiGeorge syndromes, also known as 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS), are congenital-anomaly disorders caused by a de novo hemizygous 22q11.2 deletion mediated by meiotic nonallelic homologous recombination events between low-copy repeats, also known as segmental duplications. Although previous studies exist, each was of small size, and it remains to ...
Altıncık Ayça - - 2013
Abstract Aarskog-Scott syndrome, also termed as faciogenital dysplasia, is an X-linked disorder consisting of short stature, craniofacial dysmorphism, shawl scrotum, cryptorchidism, and interdigital webbing. Cardiac and central nervous system abnormalities and behavioral disorders can also be detected. The gene responsible for the syndrome is called FGD1, located at Xp11.21. A ...
Gipson Debbie S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Data describing inpatient health care utilization in children with nephrotic syndrome and related severe complications are limited. Our goals were to describe the charges, length of stay (LOS), and number of hospitalizations among children, adolescents, and young adults with nephrotic syndrome. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional analysis of the Kids' ...
Skotko Brian G - - 2013
We investigated what added value, if any, a Down syndrome specialty clinic brings to the healthcare needs of children and adolescents with Down syndrome. For this quality improvement study, we performed a retrospective chart review of 105 new patients with Down syndrome, ages 3 and older, seen during the inaugural ...
Martin James N JN - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: We explored the prevalence of Composite Major Maternal Morbidity (CMMM) for patients with severe preeclampsia (SPRE) and each class or category of HELLP syndrome. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study from 2000-2010, we reviewed maternal charts of patients categorized with complete or partial HELLP syndrome. From 2005-2007 the maternal ...
Shoib Sheikh - - 2013
Sheehan's syndrome (SS) refers to the occurrence of varying degree of hypopituitarism after parturition (1). It is a rare cause of hypopituitarism in developed countries owing to advances in obstetric care and its frequency is decreasing worldwide. However, it is still frequent in underdeveloped and developing countries. Sheehan's syndrome is ...
Wu Jianhua J Centre for Environmental and Preventive Medicine, Wolfson Institute of Preventive Medicine, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, London, - - 2013
There have been concerns about the effects of increases in maternal age since the 1980s on the prevalence of Down's syndrome. This study examined changes in the distribution of maternal age in England and Wales from 1938 to 2010. The live birth prevalence of Down's syndrome in the absence of ...
De Keersmaecker Bart - - 2013
We report the prenatal sonographic detection of a fetus with megalencephaly, polymicrogyria, postaxial polydactyly and hydrocephaly. Only 14 patients have been reported in the literature so far, all but one were diagnosed postnatally. The polymicrogyria in the frontoparietal lobe was confirmed by prenatal magnetic resonance imaging. Additionally, a hypoplastic thymus ...
Gaudineau A A Department of Maternal and Fetal Medicine, Hautepierre University Hospital, Strasbourg, France. - - 2013
Noonan syndrome is a frequent genetic disorder with autosomal dominant transmission. Classically, it combines postnatal growth restriction with dysmorphic and malformation syndromes that vary widely in expressivity. Lymphatic dysplasia induced during the embryonic stage might interfere with tissue migration. Our hypothesis is that the earlier the edema, the more severe ...
Barber John C K - - 2013
The 8p23.1 duplication syndrome is a relatively rare genomic condition that has been confirmed with molecular cytogenetic methods in only 11 probands and five family members. Here, we describe another prenatal and five postnatal patients with de novo 8p23.1 duplications analyzed with oligonucleotide array comparative genomic hybridization (oaCGH). Of the ...
Lekovic Jovana P - - 2013
A 28 year old woman, 34 weeks pregnant, with previously diagnosed antiphospholipid syndrome, presents with vesicular tongue lesions treated as herpes outbreak and new onset of preeclampsia. Tongue biopsy preformed postpartum after induction of labor for preeclampsia reveals tongue infarction.
Ladekarl Morten - - 2013
This case describes the clinical course and treatment of a 17-year-old male patient with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) arising in a non-cirrhotic liver. The disease was thought to be caused by a congenital cholestatic syndrome associated with intermittent oedema in childhood, resembling the rare Aagenaes syndrome. Treatment choices in advanced ...
Mehairi Aaesha E - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Population-based data on metabolic syndrome (MetS) among children is lacking in the United Arab Emirates which has among the highest rates of diabetes in the world. In this study we determined the prevalence of MetS and its correlates in a sample of adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional school-based ...
Zis Panagiotis - - 2013
We report a case of a young woman, with a history of a miscarriage and a molar pregnancy, who developed headache and status epilepticus in postpartum day three. Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) and cerebral venous and sinus thrombosis (CVST) can present with identical clinical picture; however, the imaging findings ...
Singh Narinder - - 2013
To estimate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome among adolescents attending school in the Jammu region, India. This is a cross-sectional study conducted between November 2009 and December 2010, among a total of 1160 school-going adolescents of both sexes aged 10-18 years. Relevant metabolic and anthropometric variables were analyzed and criteria ...
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