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Zhang Qi Q The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology and Chongqing Eye Institute, Chongqing, P. R. - - 2014
Protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor 22 (PTPN22) is a key negative regulator of T lymphocytes and has emerged as an important candidate susceptibility factor for a number of immune-related diseases. This study aimed to examine the predisposition of PTPN22 SNPs to Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) syndrome and acute anterior uveitis (AAU) associated with ...
Gemayel Gino - - 2012
Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome accounts for an important part of correctible causes of claudication and limb ischemia in young people. It is caused by an abnormal relation between the popliteal artery (PA) and the medial head of the gastrocnemius muscle. The diagnosis should be considered in any patient under 50 ...
Baglin T - - 2012
Oral Direct Inhibitors (ODIs) of thrombin and factor Xa have now been shown to be at least as effective as warfarin in preventing recurrence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT). It is not yet known if there is a benefit of treatment with ODIs on reduction of incidence and severity of ...
Makonkawkeyoon Krit K Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, - - 2013
A 21-year-old adult patient with Tetralogy of Fallot presented acutely unwell with a 3-month history of general malaise following dental treatment. Following initial complete repair, he subsequently underwent two right ventricular outflow tract reconstructions with conduits. On admission, transthoracic echocardiography and peripheral blood cultures were suggestive of streptococcal endocarditis. Sequential ...
Mainwaring Richard D - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Pulmonary atresia with major aortopulmonary collateral arteries (PA/MAPCAs) is a complex congenital heart defect that has undergone significant advances in treatment over the past 15 years. A small subset of patients with PA/MAPCAs have associated Alagille syndrome, which can have an adverse impact on many other organ systems. The ...
Lee Yu-Ji - - 2012
Background/Aims: An association between metabolic syndrome and impaired health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is still controversial. We investigated the association between metabolic syndrome in itself and HRQoL in the Korean adult population. Methods: The study is a cross-sectional analysis of 8,941 adults ≥19 years of age who participated in the ...
De la Cruz-Mosso Ulises - - 2012
Several association studies have shown that -844 G/A and HindIII C/G PAI-1 polymorphisms are related with increase of PAI-1 levels, obesity, insulin resistance, glucose intolerance, hypertension and dyslipidemia, which are components of metabolic syndrome. The aim of this study was to analyze the allele and genotype frequencies of these polymorphisms ...
Smit Jesper - - 2011
Abstract Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome (VKHS) is an inflammatory syndrome affecting melanocyte-containing organs. The clinical onset is often acute with neurological and ophthalmological symptoms and there is considerable risk of sequelae if the condition is not promptly diagnosed and treated. We present a case illustrating that VKHS is a rare but important ...
Nagotkar Leena - - 2011
Cryptococcus neoformans has a worldwide distribution. Meningoencephalitis is the most common manifestation of cryptococcosis. The outcome of a patient with cryptococcal infection depends on the immune status of the host. Patients with nephrotic syndrome are particularly susceptible to cryptococcal infection not only due to innate changes in their immune system ...
So C C - - 2011
Haemolytic uraemic syndrome is an important cause of acute renal impairment in childhood. We review the incidence, and clinical and laboratory features of haemolytic uraemic syndrome in a Chinese population. Five patients were identified from 2006 to 2008. All patients were young children with associated invasive Streptococcus pneumoniae pulmonary infection. ...
Sonavane Alka - - 2011
Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome is one of the fatal complications of meningococcal infection. Here we report a fatal case of this syndrome due to Neisseria meningitidis in a 29-year-old male patient who was admitted with high-grade fever and chills and vomiting since 7 days, a skin rash over the abdomen and trunk, ...
Nasr Mayssa B - - 2011
Purpose. Abetalipoproteinemia is a very rare disease with multisystemic manifestations. Methods. Retrospective, case report. Results. We report a 9-year-old girl with a history of Bassen-Kornzweig syndrome diagnosed at the age of 3. The patient was referred to us by the pediatricians for ocular assessment. During the examination, an atypical pigmentary ...
Zhong Yan - - 2011
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to compare the screening efficiency for Down syndrome using likelihood ratios versus logistic regression coefficients. Methods- We conducted a retrospective study of women at increased risk for Down syndrome referred for a second-trimester genetic sonogram. Likelihood ratios were calculated by multiplying the risk ...
Panagariya Ashok - - 2011
Simultaneous or sequential involvement of lungs is frequently encountered with neurological syndromes like meningoencephalitis, cerebellitis, aseptic meningitis, transverse myelitis, or multiple cranial nerve palsies. However, pulmonary involvement is frequently overlooked when all the attention of physician is diverted to neurological disorder. Prompt and early recognition of such potentially treatable association ...
Tamburrelli Francesco Ciro - - 2011
Cauda equina syndrome seems to be a very rare complication of spinal manipulations. Only few cases, in fact, were referred in literature in the past decades. Most of them are very old and poorly documented evoking doubts about the pathogenetic relationship between the spinal maneuvers and the onset of the ...
Robinson Elizabeth S - - 2011
ABSTRACT: Study Design: Case seriesObjective: To describe the presentation, diagnostic challenges, and treatment of five patients with piriformis syndrome following lumbar artificial disc replacement.Summary of Background Data: Until recently, spinal fusion was considered the standard for surgical treatment of severe lumbar degenerative disc disease. However, artificial disc replacement now offers ...
Batra Sumit - - 2011
Fungal infections of the spine are very rare and usually seen in immunocompromised patients. Acute cauda equina syndrome presenting in an immunocompetent patient is usually due to a prolapse of the intervertebral disc. Infective pathology caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis with epidural collection can also have a similar presentation. We present ...
Tateno Fuyuki - - 2011
The combination of acute urinary retention and aseptic meningitis has not been well recognized. This combination can be referred to as meningitis-retention syndrome (MRS), when accompanied by no other abnormalities. However, the responsible site of lesions for urinary retention in MRS remains obscure, despite the areflexic detrusor at the time ...
Gardner Alan - - 2011
Cauda equina syndrome (CES) is a rare condition with a disproportionately high medico-legal profile. It occurs most frequently following a large central lumbar disc herniation, prolapse or sequestration. Review of the literature indicates that around 50-70% of patients have urinary retention (CES-R) on presentation with 30-50% having an incomplete syndrome ...
Spiegel David R - - 2011
We report on the case of a patient with acquired immune deficiency syndrome- and Cryptococcus neoformans meningitis-related mania in which olanzapine was successfully used adjunctively and transiently to antifungal therapy.
Dharmasaroja Pornpatr - - 2010
Meralgia paresthetica is a well-known sensory syndrome describing paresthesia and/or anesthesia in the anterolateral aspect of the thigh that is supplied by the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve. Compression of the nerve usually occurs at the point where it passes between the anterior superior iliac spine and the inguinal ligament. Proximal ...
Schneider Susanne A - - 2010
The list of genetic causes of syndromes of dystonia parkinsonism grows constantly. As a consequence, the diagnosis becomes more and more challenging for the clinician. Here, we summarize the important causes of dystonia parkinsonism including autosomal-dominant, recessive, and x-linked forms. We cover dopa-responsive dystonia, Wilson's disease, Parkin-, PINK1-, and DJ-1-associated ...
Miranda Marcelo - - 2010
Thomas de Quincey, a British writer of 19th century, suffered insomnia from the age of 17 years. In his famous "Confessions of an English-Opium Eater" (1822), he described a symptomatology that could concord with restless legs syndrome long before he became addicted to opium. In this report, we analyze his ...
Oksenberg Arie - - 2010
Cigarette smoking is in general considered an aggravating factor for restless legs syndrome (RLS). The author presents a case in which cigarette smoking has produced for many years a consistent and effective alleviation of RLS symptoms.
Yamaoka Shigeo - - 2010
We report a neonatal infection with Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis occurring through maternal transmission and presenting as streptococcal toxic shock syndrome 12 hours after birth. Pediatricians and obstetricians should be aware of the possibility of this infectious disease when examining newborns with fever. These observations suggest that antenatal maternal screening ...
Adeleye A Olufemi - - 2010
An otherwise-healthy, active 83-year-old Nigerian man developed reversible central cord myelopathy from a mild fall on a level surface. Cervical spine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed C5, 6, and 7 block vertebrae and marked disc extrusions only at the immediately adjoining upper and lower non-fused segments of the cervical spine. ...
Yim Deane - - 2010
Kawasaki disease is a common systemic vasculitis of childhood that may result in life-threatening coronary artery abnormalities. Despite an overlap of clinical features with toxic shock syndrome, children with Kawasaki disease generally do not develop shock. We report two cases of older children who presented with a toxic shock-like illness, ...
Hermosura Tisha - - 2010
Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome is a ventricular preexcitation that presents as supraventricular tachycardia. Health care professionals can attain optimal results in caring for infants with WPW syndrome by understanding both its pathophysiology and proper management to prevent and treat complications associated with it. This article reviews the prevalence, pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, ...
Meedt B - - 2010
Streptococcal Toxic Shock Syndrome (STSS) is a severe toxin-mediated disease with acute onset. A previously healthy 10-year-old boy presented with abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhoea and fever for 3 days. He was admitted with signs of an acute abdomen. A treatment with ibuprofen had been started before admission. The child developed ...
Symvoulakis Emmanouil - - 2010
Restless legs syndrome is a distressing condition, with negative effects on sleep and daytime activities that affect personal, family and occupational life. The overall impact of restless legs syndrome on quality of life is comparable to that of chronic and frustrating conditions such as depression and diabetes. Misdiagnosis and inappropriate ...
Ho Trieu Q - - 2010
We present a case of a 14-year-old young boy with ventricular noncompaction and coexistent Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome who presented with syncope. Detailed testing was performed, and an ablation was successful for Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome; however, because of patient/family desires, an implantable cardiodefibrillator was placed. A careful review of the literature highlights the ...
Pereira Jose Carlos JC - - 2010
Data collected from medical literature indicate that dopaminergic agonists alleviate Restless Legs Syndrome symptoms while dopaminergic agonists antagonists aggravate them. Dopaminergic agonists is a physiological regulator of thyroid-stimulating hormone. Dopaminergic agonists infusion diminishes the levels of thyroid hormones, which have the ability to provoke restlessness, hyperkinetic states, tremors, and insomnia. ...
Filley Christopher M - - 2010
Norman Geschwind's landmark paper in 1965, "Disconnexion Syndromes in Animals and Man," inspired a generation of investigators to consider the effects of focal brain lesions disrupting higher brain functions. Although Geschwind viewed disconnection as resulting from either white or gray matter lesions, his signature article drew upon the insights of ...
Tang Yi-Wei - - 2010
We report the identification and characterization of three Staphylococcus aureus isolates recovered from throat and vaginal cultures, as well as from an axillary abscess, of a 17-year-old female who died of tampon-related toxic shock syndrome. The three S. aureus isolates were unrelated as determined by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. The vaginal ...
von Knorre G H - - 2010
Concealment of an accessory pathway is caused by its ability to conduct retrogradely only. This variant of accessory pathway conduction could not be confirmed until invasive electrophysiology was introduced in the 1970s. As a rule, it is reported that concealed accessory pathways were predicted from animal experiments in 1971. However, ...
Varghese Benoj - - 2010
Toxic shock syndrome is an uncommon condition in patients with neutropenia. We describe a 44-year-old man who developed toxic shock syndrome caused by hospitalacquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus while pancytopenic after chemotherapy. He died of multiorgan failure despite high-level intensive care support and treatment with appropriate antibiotics and intravenous immunoglobulin. This ...
Bachmann Cornelius G - - 2010
This study aimed to assess thermal and mechanical perception and pain thresholds in primary idiopathic restless legs syndrome and secondary restless legs syndrome associated with small fibre neuropathy. Twenty-one patients (age: 53.4 + or - 8.4, n = 3, male) with primary restless legs syndrome and 13 patients (age: 63.0 ...
Hollenberg J - - 2010
Systemic capillary leak syndrome (SCLS) is a very rare disorder also known as Clarkson's disease. The condition is characterized by recurrent episodes of severe capillary hyperpermeability resulting in severe hemoconcentration, hypoalbuminemia, hypovolemia and shock. We describe a 41-year-old previously healthy man who was admitted to hospital on several occasions with ...
Jost Wolfgang H - - 2010
The goal of Parkinson syndrome diagnostics is twofold: early diagnosis on the one hand, and accurate differentiation among idiopathic and atypical Parkinson syndromes on the other. (123)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine scintigraphy is the only method that can distinguish with a high degree of sensitivity and specificity between atypical Parkinson syndromes and Parkinson's disease ...
Zaki S A - - 2010
We describe a 7-year-old boy with staphylococcal toxic shock syndrome who presented with acute respiratory distress and cor pulmonale. We wish to highlight this unusual presentation as the diagnosis of toxic shock syndrome depends chiefly on a high degree of clinical suspicion. Early diagnosis and prompt institution of appropriate therapy ...
Caldararu Cristina - - 2010
Identical location of accessory pathways in family members with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, although theoretically possible, has never been described. A 37-year-old woman and her 18-year-old son were referred for electrophysiological study due to fast rate palpitations and pre-excitation on baseline electrocardiogram. After mapping during pre-excitation, successful radiofrequency application was located at ...
John Chandy C CC Department of 1Pediatrics, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, MN 55455, - - 2009
Staphylococcal toxic shock syndrome (TSS) has rarely been reported without rash and desquamation. This study describes a patient who met all criteria for TSS except erythroderma and desquamation. The associated staphylococcal superantigen was enterotoxin B. We demonstrate that erythroderma depends on preexisting T cell hypersensitivity amplified by superantigenicity.
Virit O - - 2009
The case report describes a 39-year-old woman with restless legs syndrome (RLS) and trichotillomania (TTM). She was treated with venlafaxine and clonazepam with partial remission of RLS and no response for TTM. When aripiprazole was added to the clonazepam both RLS and TTM fully remitted. We suggest that aripiprazole might ...
Tilanus A M R - - 2010
Streptococcal toxic shock syndrome (STSS) can be defined as a septic shock syndrome resulting from infection with toxin-producing group A streptococci (GAS). STSS can sporadically present as primary peritonitis in previously healthy persons. Signs of STSS are non-specific and patients generally present with flu-like symptoms and can develop a life-threatening ...
Smith Howard S - - 2009
There may be a relationship between proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and iron absorption. PPIs may decrease the amount of iron absorbed gastrointestinally specifically due to alteration of the pH in the duodenum. Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a sensorimotor disorder that includes an urge to move legs, accompanied or caused ...
Komatsu Haruki - - 2009
Group A streptococcus-associated severe invasive infection (streptococcal toxic shock syndrome) has been described. Streptococcal toxic shock syndrome occurs when the infecting strain of group A streptococcus produces superantigens. Confusion and combativeness are well known as the common symptoms of streptococcal toxic shock syndrome. We encountered a child who suffered from ...
Rakovec Peter - - 2009
We report a patient with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, in whom orthodromic atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia directly passed over to atrioventricular nodal re-entrant tachycardia during radiofrequency ablation of the accessory pathway. After the accessory pathway ablation, there were no tachycardia recurrences.
Veltmann Christian - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In Brugada syndrome implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapy is associated with a high rate of inappropriate therapies, mainly due to supraventricular tachyarrhythmias (SVT) (2.7-14.1%/year). Aim of the present study was to evaluate a single ventricular fibrillation (VF) detection zone with a high cut-off rate with respect to prevention of ...
Mark Dustin G - - 2009
Preexcitation syndromes are a common cause of paroxysmal tachycardias presenting to the ED. Emergency physicians should be familiar with the common electrocardiographic manifestations of preexcitation, particularly the Wolff-Parkinson-White abnormality, as these conditions require specific therapeutic management. This article reviews the pathophysiology of preexcitation, along with the electrocardiographic findings of Wolff-Parkinson-White ...
Davies Shelley - - 2009
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a neurological disorder related to abnormal and unpleasant sensations and movements in the legs. It usually occurs at nighttime and thus has a detrimental impact on the ability to sleep, leading to poor patient quality of life. UCB has been developing rotigotine transdermal patch system ...
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