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Poddar Pawan P Department of Cardiology, Yashoda Hospital, Malakpet, Hyderabad 500 036, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
A young female presented with Budd-Chiari syndrome due to membranous obstruction of inferior vena cava. Membrane was quite thick with complete occlusion of the IVC. She had a previous unsuccessful attempt at endovascular stenting using conventional CTO wire technique. She was successfully treated with balloon angioplasty and stenting after perforation ...
Aquino C I CI Department of Medicine and Surgery University of Salerno , Via S Allende, - - 2014
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine disease. PCOS afflicts 5 to 10 % of women of reproductive age. The symptoms are: amenorrhea, oligomenorrhea, hirsutism, obesity, infertility, chronic hyperandrogenic anovulation and acne. insulin resistance, obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, inflammation and subclinical cardiovascular disease. Anxiety, depression and reduced quality of life are ...
Li Ning - - 2012
To evaluate the therapeutic effects of acupuncture and massage for shoulder-hand syndrome in hemiplegia patients. One hundred and twenty hemiplegia patients with stage I shoulder-hand syndrome were randomly divided into a group treated with standardized electric acupuncture and massage, and a group treated with rehabilitation therapy for 6 weeks. The ...
Gao Xiyan - - 2012
To probe the effects of acupuncture reinforcing and reducing methods on the human body. Studied acupuncture reinforcing and reducing actions in the ancient literature, based on modern clinical and experimental studies, in combination with experience of acupuncture teaching and clinical treatment. The key to the generation of reinforcing and reducing ...
Cao Huijuan H Center for Evidence-Based Chinese Medicine of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine , Beijing, China - - 2012
One of the basic and important principles of Traditional Chinese Medicine theory is syndrome differentiation, which is widely utilized for individual diagnosis and in the application of acupuncture treatment. However, the impact of syndrome differentiation on therapeutic effect is unclear because of insufficient supportive clinical evidence. The aim of this ...
Sengar Mamta - - 2011
Lumbocostovertebral syndrome (LCVS) is a rare type of congenital lumbar hernia. Its features include lumbar hernia associated with genitourinary, vertebral, and rib anomalies. Less than 25 cases have been reported to date. We describe the clinical manifestations and associated anomalies in 6 cases of LCVS managed by us. The patients ...
Etsadashvili Kakhaber - - 2011
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia is very rare cause of AV block. We report such a patient with sick sinus node syndrome and previous AAIR pacemaker implantation, in which intermittent AV block was diagnosed by 24-hours ECG monitoring and upgrade of pacing system to DDDR was suggested.
Mathur N B - - 2011
Intrapericardial herniation of liver is a rare form of diaphragmatic hernia. We report a 30-hour old baby with right congenital anterior diaphragmatic hernia masquerading as congenital pneumonia with cardiomegaly. It is prudent to consider congenial anterior diaphragmatic hernia in any newborn with unexplained respiratory distress, cardiomegaly and pericardial effusion.
Dominguez-Rodriguez Alberto - - 2011
At present, the study into inflammatory markers has become a new tool which is most useful for establishing the prognosis of patients with acute coronary syndrome. The inflammatory substrate involved is acute coronary syndrome is extremely complex, with a large number of factors involved both in its activation and its ...
Vallee Phyllis A - - 2011
Chilaiditi syndrome, symptomatic interposition of bowel beneath the right hemidiaphragm, is uncommon and usually managed without surgery. Morgagni hernia is an uncommon diaphragmatic hernia that generally requires surgery. In this case a patient with a longstanding diagnosis of bowel interposition (Chilaiditi sign) presented with presumed Chilaiditi syndrome. Abdominal computed tomography ...
Saha Lekha - - 2011
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a persisting challenge to clinical and basic research scientists as none of the presently available medications have been fully able to combat these consequences. The aim of the present review is to summarize the different lines of treatment available for the different symptomologies that women ...
Gujar Nishikant N NN Department of General Surgery, Al Ameen Medical College, Bijapur, Karnataka, India. - - 2011
Persistent Mullerian duct syndrome is a rare form of male pseudo-hermaphroditism characterized by the presence of Mullerian duct structures in an otherwise phenotypically, as well as genotypically, normal man; only a few cases have been reported in the worldwide literature. We report the case of a 30-year-old man with unilateral ...
Quigley Eamonn M M - - 2010
Despite the current increase in interest in the role of the microbiota in health and disease and the recognition, for over 50 years, that an excess of colonic-type flora in the small intestine could lead to a malabsorption syndrome, small intestinal overgrowth remains poorly defined. This lack of clarity owes ...
Derikx Joep P M - - 2010
The intestinal mucosa is responsible for the absorption of nutrients from the lumen and for the separation of the potentially toxic luminal content (external environment) from the host (internal environment). Disruption of this delicate balance at the mucosal interface is the basis for numerous (intestinal) diseases. Experimental animal studies have ...
Stoidis Christos N CN 1st Department of Surgery, Athens Navy Hospital, 70 Deinocratous Street, Athens, - - 2011
The mechanism of impaired gut barrier function in patients with short bowel syndrome (SBS) is poorly understood and includes decreased intestinal motility leading to bacterial overgrowth, a reduction in gut-associated lymphoid tissue following the loss of intestinal length, inhibition of mucosal immunity of the small intestine by intravenous total parental ...
Donohoe Claire L - - 2010
The short bowel syndrome (SBS) is a state of malabsorption following intestinal resection where there is less than 200 cm of intestinal length. The management of short bowel syndrome can be challenging and is best managed by a specialised multidisciplinary team. A good understanding of the pathophysiological consequences of resection ...
Saurin J-C - - 2010
Patients with Lynch syndrome are at increased risk of developing small-bowel adenocarcinoma, which usually has a bad prognosis and needs to be diagnosed early. Our aim was to evaluate the yield of capsule endoscopy and CT enteroclysis in this situation. We performed a prospective, blinded, comparative study of capsule endoscopy ...
Bansal R P - - 2010
This report describes the radiological features of a case of Cronkhite-Canada syndrome. Barium meal follow through with pneumocolon, used as a single radiological test, revealed diffuse polyposis involving the stomach and both the small and large intestines, as well as findings of gastric rugal thickening, whiskering, crypts and ulcerated polyps.
Goulet O - - 2010
Short bowel syndrome (SBS) is the main cause of intestinal failure especially in children. The colon is a crucial partner for small intestine adaptation and function in patients who have undergone extensive small bowel resection. However, SBS predisposes the patient to small intestine bacterial overgrowth (SIBO), explaining its high prevalence ...
Zhang Zhao-Jie - - 2010
The pathogenesis of hepatopulmonary syndrome is complicated and remains unknown. This review aims to provide an updated knowledge about the pathogenesis of the syndrome. Five medical databases, MEDLINE, ScienceDirect, OVID, Springer Link, and Wiley InterScience were searched for articles on "hepatopulmonary syndrome", "cirrhosis", "angiogenesis", "intestinal endotoxemia", "nitric oxide", "carbon monoxide", ...
Bures Jan J 2nd Department of Medicine, Charles University in Praha, Faculty of Medicine at Hradec Kralove, University Teaching Hospital, Sokolska 581, 500 05 Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic. - - 2010
Human intestinal microbiota create a complex polymicrobial ecology. This is characterised by its high population density, wide diversity and complexity of interaction. Any dysbalance of this complex intestinal microbiome, both qualitative and quantitative, might have serious health consequence for a macro-organism, including small intestinal bacterial overgrowth syndrome (SIBO). SIBO is ...
Cremon Cesare - - 2010
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional disorder of multifactorial origin. Recent interest has been directed to the potential role of intestinal microbiota in the pathophysiology and symptom generation of this syndrome. This hypothesis is supported by the evidence of an infectious trigger in a proportion of patients, the identification ...
Babba T - - 2010
Small bowel adenocarcinoma is a rare condition with poor prognosis. Like colorectal cancer, small bowel carcinoma may be a part of genetic syndromes with carcinogenetic pathways different from sporadic forms. We report a case of 41-year-old man with small bowel carcinoma revealing hereditary non polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) syndrome. This ...
Genton Laurence - - 2010
A 44-year-old woman with a history of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) suffered small bowel volvulus. She was left post-operatively with an intact duodenum, 25 cm of jejunum and ileum, and a colon in continuity, a situation synonymous to short bowel syndrome. This report describes her surgical, medical and nutritional follow-up ...
Leclair Marc-David - - 2010
Non-neurogenic elimination disorders cover a wide spectrum of lower urinary tract and bowel dysfunctions, observed in the absence of a neurological background or lower urinary tract malformation. We reviewed conditions responsible for incontinence during bladder filling with normal voiding patterns (such as overactive bladder, giggle incontinence, post-void dribbling), and dysfunctional ...
Sezer Atakan - - 2011
Rett syndrome is a neurologically disorder that affects approximately one in 10,000 females. A 21-year-old girl with Rett syndrome was hospitalized for abdominal distention and pain. Physical examination revealed abdominal tenderness. Radiology investigation revealed bilateral free air in subdiaphragmatic area. Gastric perforation observed at laparotomy. Primary suturing and omentoplasty were ...
Pal Kamalesh - - 2010
Sanjad-Sakati syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder mainly occurring in the Arab Peninsula. This condition is associated with metabolic and septic complications starting in the neonatal period. Chronic intestinal pseudoobstruction owing to visceral myopathy is a rare disabling condition. We report a rare concurrence of Sanjad-Sakati syndrome and chronic ...
Braun U - - 2010
Cows with haemorrhagic bowel syndrome were examined by ultrasonography. A 5.0 MHz linear transducer was used to scan the right side of 63 standing, non-sedated cows. The small intestine was found to be dilated and had a diameter of 4.3 to 12.0 cm (mean [sd] 6.76 [1.78] cm), and there ...
Basak F - - 2010
Peutz-Jeghers' syndrome (PJS) is an autosomal dominant inherited disease, which is characterized by mucocutaneus pigmentation and hamartomatous gastro-intestinal polyps. Intussusceptions can easily occur in patients with PJS. Repeated laparotomy with resections and eventual short bowel syndrome is a major problem in these patients. We present a 20-year-old woman with multiple ...
Higham Paola - - 2010
Peutz Jeghers syndrome (PJS) is an autosomal dominant disease characterized by hamartomatous polyposis and distinct mucocutaneous pigmentation. PJS is associated with an increased risk for several cancers and other complications such as small intestine intussusception, short bowel syndrome, and anemia. Medical management mainly consists of treatment of the polyps and ...
Prodinger Peter M - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND CASE PRESENTATION: A patient with nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome (Gorlin syndrome) presented with two unusual clinical features, i.e. adenocarcinoma of the small bowel and extensive mesenchymal proliferation of the lower gastrointestinal tract. We discuss the possibility that these two features are pathogenetically linked to the formerly undescribed ...
Morikawa Nobuyuki - - 2009
The serial transverse enteroplasty (STEP) procedure is a safe and successful way to lengthen the small bowel in patients with short bowel syndrome. However, postoperative dilatation of the intestine may occur, which induces bacterial overgrowth and malabsorption leading to liver failure. We describe the case of an infant boy with ...
Postgate A J - - 2009
Juvenile polyposis syndrome is one of the hamartomatous polyposis syndromes and demonstrates phenotypic heterogeneity. All patients with juvenile polyposis develop colorectal polyps and are at risk of colorectal cancer. Small-bowel involvement is variably described. Small-intestinal cancer is reported but is rare and there is no evidence-based protocol for small-intestinal surveillance. ...
McGarrity Thomas J - - 2009
A variety of syndromes confer increased risk for intestinal polyp development, outside the more commonly occurring syndromes. Each of these uncommon syndromes predispose to pathognomonic histologies that are uncommonly observed. Accurate diagnosis of these syndromes is contingent on higher-level pathology review, evaluation of signs and symptoms beyond sole consideration of ...
Wallis Katharina - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The medical management of short bowel syndrome frequently requires lifelong parenteral nutrition. Methods of increasing intestinal absorption and reducing parenteral nutrition dependence, by improving postresection intestinal adaptation, are increasingly being explored. Glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2) is an important intestinotrophic growth factor and mediator of intestinal adaptation. This review ...
Bhangle Samir D - - 2009
The development of bowel-bypass syndrome complicating the Whipple procedure for biliary tract carcinoma is described here for the first time. A 56-year-old HLA-B27 + man, treated with excision of adenocarcinoma of the ampulla of Vater, developed an undifferentiated spondyloarthropathy, initially unresponsive to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and doxycycline, but eventually controlled ...
Karaca Irfan - - 2009
PURPOSE: The Waardenburg-Shah syndrome is an autosomal recessive disease with varied penetration where Hirschsprung's disease and the Waardenburg syndrome are seen together. Although the length of the involved intestinal segment varies in this syndrome, most patients had total colonic aganglionosis with or without small bowel involvement. We present in this ...
Buluggiu A - - 2009
Bianchi's procedure experience for short bowel syndrome in children is positive. This technique is generally performed after the first year of life. Here the authors propose a case of gastroschisis with prenatal spontaneous closure of abdominal defect and vanishing gut presenting as intestinal atresia, absence of ileo-cecal valve, and residual ...
Kibria Rizwan - - 2009
Trichobezoars are usually without symptoms until they reach a large size. The "Rapunzel" syndrome is a trichobezoar with a long tail extending from the stomach to small bowel. We report the case of a 6-year-old girl with a history of trichotillomania and hair ingestion for three years, who presented with ...
Kinross James - - 2009
Intestinal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury initiates a systemic inflammatory response syndrome with a high associated mortality rate. Early diagnosis is essential for reducing surgical mortality, yet current clinical biomarkers are insufficient. Metabonomics is a novel strategy for studying intestinal I/R, which may be used as part of a systems approach for ...
Karsan Sundip S SS Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, 8700 Beverly Blvd, Room 5512, Los Angeles, California, CA 90048, USA. - - 2009
We report the first known case of both Noonan syndrome and Whipple's disease occurring in the same patient. A 36-year-old female with history of Noonan syndrome developed fatigue, anorexia, arthritis of the knees and hands with a diffuse hyperpigmented rash, night sweats, and an unintentional fifteen pound weight loss over ...
Kristóf Katalin - - 2009
Oral tolerance (OT) means systemic immunological unresponsiveness to harmless antigens present in the gastrointestinal tract. We presumed that tolerance to these antigens may also protect self-proteins that show immunological similarity to the intestinal normal flora. To investigate the existence and in vivo relevance of such a tolerogenic molecular mimicry, we ...
Drukker C A M - - 2009
The anti-Hu syndrome is a well-known paraneoplastic syndrome and may be rarely seen in patients with neuroblastoma. However, it is relatively unknown that anti-Hu antibodies can cause gastro-intestinal signs and symptoms. We report on a child with neuroblastoma who presented with gastro-intestinal disturbances as a result of the anti-Hu syndrome ...
Robson D - - 2009
Strongyloides hyperinfection syndrome is a rare but serious and often fatal complication of strongyloidiasis, usually precipitated by immune suppression (frequently caused by corticosteroidal drugs). Infections with Strongyloides stercoralis are known to occur in British veterans who served in South-east Asia during the Second World War, particularly in those held as ...
Abu-Shanab Ahmed - - 2009
Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth was originally defined in the context of an overt malabsorption syndrome and diagnostic tests were developed and validated accordingly. More recently, the concept of intestinal contamination with excessive numbers of bacteria, especially those of colonic type, has been extended beyond the bounds of frank maldigestion and ...
Fontinele e Silva Jefferson - - 2009
Pancoast syndrome consists of signs and symptoms resulting from a tumor affecting the pulmonary apex and adjacent structures. The process is typically caused by a neoplasm. The majority of cases of Pancoast syndrome are caused by bronchogenic carcinoma. The most commonly found histologic subtypes are adenocarcinoma and epidermoid carcinoma. There ...
Xia Qiang - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Small-for-size (SFS) syndrome is an important clinical problem after living donor liver transplantation, split liver transplantation or extended hepatectomy. The uncertainty of the mechanisms and treatments of SFS syndrome urges surgeons to establish effective models for SFS syndrome. METHODS: A new porcine model for SFS syndrome based on extended ...
Yuksel Osman - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Thyroid hormone acts on structural and functional maturation of the mammalian small intestine, mitochondrial pathways, and several protein-gene interactions. Therefore, it is one of the most important regulators of intestinal epithelial differentiation. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of thyroid hormone on the adaptation in ...
Usui Yoshihiko - - 2008
Acute retinal necrosis (ARN) syndrome, also known as Kirisawa's uveitis, is one of the most serious ocular diseases, and is characterized by a combination of peripheral, confluent, necrotizing retinitis, retinal arteritis, and intraocular inflammation. ARN syndrome is caused by the herpesvirus family, including herpes simplex virus (HSV) and varicella-zoster virus ...
Theyskens Claire - - 2008
Short bowel syndrome is characterized as a state of malabsorption after massive resection of the small intestine. It has a wide spectrum of clinical presentations, from mild to severe depending predominantly on the length of intestine remnant. Management is challenging and requires vigorous attention to every detail. Enteral nutrition is ...
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