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Results 401 - 450 of 778
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Kompoliti A - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To describe the first case of human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1)-associated myelopathy, Sjögren syndrome, and lymphocytic pneumonitis in a nonendemic area. BACKGROUND: Retroviruses are implicated in the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases, including Sjögren syndrome. Asymptomatic lymphocytic pneumonitis is prevalent in HTLV-1-associated myelopathy. There are 7 case reports ...
Lilly J P - - 1996
Sjogren's syndrome, a common autoimmune disease process, is characterized by destruction of exocrine (including the lacrimal and salivary) glands. Patients with this disorder may initially complain of a dry mouth or have rapid onset of new carious lesions. Here, a case of Sjogren's syndrome is presented that was initially diagnosed ...
Huang C L - - 1996
The pathogenesis and the underlying pathologic changes of acquired generalized hypohidrosis/anhidrosis (AGHA) are largely unknown. We studied a case of AGHA in a young woman suffering from heat intolerance and progressive loss of sweating. Pathologic study of affected skin revealed unique syringolymphoid hyperplasia with T cell infiltration, suggesting a T ...
Konttinen Y T - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Neuropeptides from nerve fibres can cause neurogenic inflammation. The potency of these peptides in vitro has led to the hypothesis that enzyme degradative systems are operative in vivo to limit their action. To consider this question neutral endopeptidase (NEP) in labial salivary glands in patients with Sjögren's syndrome was ...
van der Reijden W A - - 1996
In Sjögren's syndrome, salivary glands are affected, resulting in a diminished salivary flow. In the present study, the protein composition, sialic acid content and the amounts of calcium and phosphate of stimulated whole saliva from 43 patients with Sjögren's syndrome, were compared with those of control saliva samples from 17 ...
Lee L A - - 1996
We describe the occurrence of complete heart block in a patient with Sjögren's syndrome. The patient's serum contained antibodies to both the 60-kd and 52-kd Ro proteins. This case indicates that although the adult atrioventricular node may be relatively resistant to the development of anti-Ro-associated heart block, it can nevertheless ...
Steuer A - - 1996
A 24-year-old man with primary Sjögren's syndrome presented with xerophthalmia, xerostomia, and marked parotid swelling. He had a previous history of selective IgA deficiency and ulcerative colitis treated with sulphasalazine. Immunosuppression and withdrawal of sulphasalazine resulted in rapid resolution of the parotitis and disappearance of autoantibodies. A possible role for ...
Richey T K - - 1996
BACKGROUND: The sicca syndrome has been defined as the occurrence of xerostomia and xerophthalmia. Sjögren's syndrome is the most common cause of the sicca syndrome; however, these two syndromes are not synonymous and there are many potential etiologies of the sicca syndrome. A less known cause of sicca syndrome is ...
Sheikh J S - - 1996
We describe 2 patients with a Sjögren-like syndrome apparently secondary to hypertriglyceridemia. Both had bilateral parotitis in addition to musculoskeletal and sicca symptoms. Parotid gland histology revealed fatty infiltration with no inflammation. Therapy with dietary modification and triglyceride lowering drugs resulted in resolution of symptoms and parotid swelling in one ...
Hinni M L - - 1996
Salivary gland choristoma (heterotopic salivary gland tissue) is a rare condition that occurs at various locations within the head and neck. We present a 10-year-old boy with a salivary gland choristoma of the middle ear and compare findings with the 15 similar cases published in the English and German languages. ...
Cox N H - - 1996
We describe a patient with sicca syndrome, Raynaud's phenomenon and fixed waxy skin lesions. Investigations confirmed both Sjögren's syndrome and sarcoidosis. The patient had previously had ulcerative colitis and other antibody evidence of autoimmunity. The spectrum of disorders reported in association with Sjögren's syndrome and sarcoidosis is wider than suggested ...
Nishikai M - - 1996
We determined the extent to which chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) patients with sicca symptoms fulfil the diagnostic criteria for Sjögren's syndrome (SS). Three sets of diagnostic criteria for SS, formulated by the Japanese, Europeans and Fox, were used. One-third of the CFS patients with sicca symptoms fulfilled the diagnostic criteria ...
McLaughlin J F - - 1996
The authors describe clinical and MRI features of a girl and two boys, aged 9, 17 and 19 years, respectively, with Marinesco-Sjögren syndrome. The clinical findings included the major features of the syndrome, including growth deficiency, ataxia, cataracts, hypogonadism (in two) and seizures (in two). Truncal hypotonia (in three), microcephaly ...
McGovern T W - - 1996
We present a 42-year-old woman with primary Sjögren's syndrome and a polyclonal gammopathy who presented with pretibial petechiae, purpura, and tender indurated plaques. The indurated plaques revealed a lobular plasma cell panniculitis, and thus Sjögren's syndrome should be added to the short list of collagen vascular diseases that can present ...
Ariji Y - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop a method for quantitative analysis of the sonographic features of parotid glands as a noninvasive tool for the diagnosis of Sj?gren's syndrome. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Sonographic texture analyses were performed on the parotid glands of 44 patients with Sj?gren's syndrome, 83 ...
Jordan R C - - 1996
A number of autoimmune diseases predispose to the development of neoplasia. A particularly well-recognized association is the development of lymphoma in Sjögren's syndrome. Although this risk has been estimated to be 44 times that of the general population, few reliable prognostic indexes exist for individual patients. Recent advances in molecular ...
Imasaki T - - 1996
Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP) occurred in a 53-year-old woman with well-documented Sjögren's syndrome (SjS) and polymyositis (PM). BOOP has often been reported as a pulmonary manifestation of collagen vascular diseases, mainly rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but the association of BOOP and PM has rarely been documented. A search of the ...
Nagahiro S - - 1996
We describe a case of a young patient with multiple occlusions of major cerebral arteries and Sjögren's syndrome. This 17-year-old female patient experienced repeated transient ischemic attacks of right hemiparesis, speech disturbance, and unconsciousness. Angiography revealed progressive occlusion of the bilateral carotid and vertebral arteries. Examinations, including a serological test, ...
Williams T E - - 1996
The classic features of Marinesco-Sjögren syndrome include bilateral cataracts, cerebellar ataxia, and mental deficiency with an autosomal recessive inheritance pattern. Weakness and a variety of other characteristics are present inconsistently. A limited number of neuroimaging studies have indicated that cerebellar hypoplasia is the most common finding. We report a patient ...
Fox P C - - 1996
Sjögren's syndrome is a systemic autoimmune disorder characterized by symptoms of oral and ocular dryness and a chronic, progressive loss of salivary and lacrimal function. The exocrine involvement is the result of a focal, peri-ductal mononuclear cell infiltrate and the subsequent loss of secretory epithelial cells. The mechanisms of this ...
Lacour M - - 1996
Sjögren-Larsson syndrome (SLS, MIM 270200) is a rare autosomal recessive neurocutaneous disorder due to a deficiency of the fatty aldehyde dehydrogenase and defined by a characteristic triad of symptoms including congenital ichthyosis, spastic di- or quadriplegia and mental retardation. Recently, genetic studies have subsequently shown linkage of the syndrome to ...
Eneström S - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To characterise the renal histopathological lesions in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome and to correlate the findings with the clinical manifestations. METHODS: Kidney and labial salivary gland biopsies from ten patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome were studied. The protocol included semiquantitative assessments of the inflammatory focus scores and the ...
Bohuslavizki K H - - 1995
The aim of this study was to test the impact of quantitative salivary gland scintigraphy in patients with suspected Sjögren's syndrome. Thirteen patients with suspected Sjögren's syndrome were investigated. During clinical work-up, three had severe and four had mild Sjögren's syndrome, while six were normal. Quantitative salivary gland scintigraphy was ...
Satake M - - 1995
We report the case of a 59-year-old woman with primary Sjögren's syndrome who developed hypesthesia, hypalgesia, and neurogenic arthropathy in her lower limbs. Neurological examination and electrophysiological studies indicated involvement of the dorsal root ganglia. The immunohistochemistry of sections of rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG) showed that the IgG in ...
Tsubota K - - 1995
Many Sjögren's syndrome patients complain primarily of dry eye. Epstein-Barr virus DNA has recently been found in the lacrimal glands of Sjögren's syndrome sufferers and normal individuals, and lacrimal glands are thought to be a target organ for latent Epstein-Barr virus infection. In this study, we performed lacrimal and salivary ...
Maitland N - - 1995
To investigate the role of herpes viruses in Sjogren's syndrome, minor (labial) salivary gland tissues from Sjogren's syndrome and from non-specific sialadenitis were examined for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) DNA by the polymerase chain reaction. Almost half of all salivary glands studied contained EBV and/or HCMV. There ...
La Corte R - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency and relative risk of bronchial hyperreactivity to methacholine in systemic sclerosis patients with or without associated Sj?gren's syndrome. METHODS: A prospective study of 56 patients with systemic sclerosis (42 with the diffuse and 14 with the limited variant; 24 with associated Sj?gren's syndrome), 57 with ...
Eckstein R P - - 1995
A case is presented of an elderly female who was found by imaging to have an enlarged pancreas with narrowed distal common bile duct, thought to be neoplastic. Resection revealed an inflammatory and fibrosing process of the pancreas, suggestive of autoimmune disease. Subsequently she developed dry mouth, enlarged salivary glands, ...
Isenberg D - - 1995
Sjögren's syndrome is an autoimmune rheumatic disease that is the result of the interplay between a number of environmental and genetic factors. In this short review an analogy is suggested with a game of cards in which each card is marked with a particular feature. A particular set of cards ...
Schoonbrood T H - - 1995
We report a case of C5 deficiency in combination with Sjögren's syndrome (SS). Our patient presented with polyarthritis and complaints of oral and ocular dryness. In the serum there was a very low titer of total hemolytic complement (CH50) due to a deficiency of the fifth complement component. C5 deficiency ...
Vázquez J J - - 1995
Salivary gland ducts play a relevant role in saliva secretion through transport processes. Na(+)-independent chloride-bicarbonate anion exchangers (AE) may be involved in these processes by generating ion fluxes into the salivary secretion. In Sjögren's syndrome, a disorder with gland dysfunction, there might be an impaired expression of AE proteins. Here ...
Ito M - - 1995
A 36-year-old woman with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC)-CREST (calcinosis, Raynaud's phenomenon, esophageal dysfunction, sclerodactyly and telangiectasia) overlap syndrome complicated by Sjögren's syndrome and arthritis is reported. She had suffered from Raynaud's phenomenon, sclerodactyly, morning stiffness, arthralgia and sicca symptoms since 34 years of age. She exhibited an increased level of ...
Rosler D H - - 1995
A 39-year-old woman with recurrent severe anterior ischemic optic neuropathy in the setting of Sjögren's syndrome was found to have high-titer IgM anticardiolipin antibodies (aCL) that were enhanced by the phospholipid-binding glycoprotein beta 2GP1. The recognition of IgM aCL-associated vasculopathy as a possible etiologic factor in the optic neuropathy in ...
Tanaka H - - 1995
We report a 29-year-old female OKT4 epitope deficiency patient with primary Sjögren's syndrome and psoriasis vulgaris. Immunological investigations during the prolonged clinical course of her herpes zoster revealed that she has OKT4 epitope deficiency and primary Sjögren's syndrome. She had been treated for psoriasis vulgaris for 17 years without systemic ...
Zhang N Z - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence rate of primary Sj?gren's syndrome (SS) in a community population of 2066 adults in a Beijing suburban village, and 100 inpatients, who were not necessarily admitted for rheumatic diseases. METHODS: Questionnaire and serological studies of antinuclear antibodies, rheumatoid factor, and anti-SSA, anti-SSB antibodies were done. ...
Cortez M S - - 1995
Glomerular involvement in primary Sjögren's syndrome is rare and only five cases of membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis have been reported. We present a case of a 31-year-old white woman with primary Sjögren's syndrome who developed nephrotic syndrome. Evaluation showed no evidence of an associated connective tissue disease. Kidney biopsy was consistent with ...
Katayama I - - 1995
Recurrent purpuric lesions are occasionally seen in patients with Sjögren syndrome. Hypergammaglobulinemia is one of the underlying precipitating factors of this condition. Clinical and histopathological analyses were performed on 5 cases of hypergammaglobulinemic purpura associated with Sjögren's syndrome, and the effects of immunomodulatory therapy were evaluated with regards to these ...
Satoh M - - 1995
A 69-year-old Japanese women who had been followed up for 10 years as a primary Sjögren's syndrome, is reported. She suddenly developed serological and clinical characteristics of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE): anti-Sm and anti-dsDNA antibodies followed by nephrotic syndrome and pancytopenia. This case suggests that the diagnosis of primary Sjögren's ...
Cartier L - - 1995
A prospective study was carried out on 48 patients with HTLV I associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) to assess the association between this entity and Sjögren's syndrome. Fourteen patients (29.1%) had chronic dacryosialadenitis confirmed by a positive Schirmer's test and salivary gland biopsy. None of these patients had evidence of ...
Dachman A F - - 1995
The authors report the first American case of a factor VIII inhibitor found in a patient with Sjögren's syndrome. The inhibitor was isolated from a patient with no known hematologic disorder who was seen with a compartment syndrome of the left thigh after sustaining a fall from bed. The Sjögren's ...
Andonopoulos A P - - 1995
The case of a 65-year-old female with primary Sjögren's syndrome and severe autonomic cardiovascular neuropathy, manifested by incapacitating postural hypotension, is presented. It is postulated that the patient's Sjögren's syndrome was responsible for the autonomic neuropathy, probably via a vasculitic mechanism. Treatment with hydrocortisone resulted in improvement in the patient's ...
Harada T - - 1995
A case of Sjögren's syndrome with optic neuropathy and acute transverse myelopathy mimicking multiple sclerosis is described. The patient suddenly lost her visual acuity resulting in a permanent visual deficit in spite of the massive steroid therapy given. During the treatment the patient showed dry eye symptoms and was finally ...
Sheikh S H - - 1995
Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is an autoimmune exocrinopathy that primarily affects the salivary glands but can also involve almost any other part of the gut. The most distressing manifestation of SS is xerostomia secondary to destruction of the salivary glands. The lack of saliva also leads to difficulty with chewing and ...
Lucker G P - - 1995
Two patients with Sjögren-Larsson syndrome were treated with calcipotriol in ointment and the ointment base only for 12 weeks, using a double-blind bilaterally paired comparative study. Unilateral improvement was observed in both patients in favour of the calcipotriol-treated side. The present case is the first demonstration of a substantial clinical ...
Ostuni P A - - 1995
We describe a 24 year old female patient affected with symptoms of severe xerostomia and keratoconjunctivitis sicca since her childhood. She also had several malformations involving face and digits as well as cup shaped ears, enamel dysplasia and absence of lacrimal puncta. Hence, the diagnosis of Lacrimo-Auricolo-Dento-Digital (LADD) syndrome was ...
Ota T - - 1995
We describe a patient (49 years old, female) with a more than 7-year history of both Sjögren's syndrome (SjS) and benign monoclonal gammopathy (BMG) of IgG lambda who later developed multiple myeloma (MM). SjS is frequently complicated with malignant lymphoproliferative disorders, especially malignant lymphoma or Waldenström's macroglobulinemia. Association of SjS ...
Slezák R - - 1995
The level of interleukin-6 in the serum of 17 patients suffering from the primary SJögren's syndrome and of 16 with secondary Sjögren's syndrome were determined by means of ELISA. The mean value of IL-6 in primary and secondary Sjögren's syndrome was 2.41 pg/ml (1.45-3.37 pg/ml) and 3.01 pg/ml (1.63-4.39 pg/ml). ...
De Backer H - - 1995
Primary Sjogren's syndrome is a systemic autoimmune disorder whose main characteristics are dryness of the eyes and mouth, caused by lymphocytic infiltration of the exocrine glands. Patients may also show signs of extraglandular involvement of lung, liver, kidney and vessel walls, as well as of central and peripheral nervous system, ...
Rama K - - 1994
Sjogren's syndrome is a collagen vascular disorder with multisystem. Its presentation may be similar to other diseases from which it can be differentiated by certain investigations--one of the most important being the labial salivary gland biopsy. A case report of Sjogren's syndrome is presented and the technique of the labial ...
Bragoni M - - 1994
BACKGROUND: We describe a young woman who presented with minor stroke as a first clinical symptom of Sjögren's syndrome (SS) in the absence of well-known risk factors for cerebrovascular disease. CASE DESCRIPTION: The medical history included recurrent miscarriages and sun rashes, which directed the diagnosis toward immunologic disorders such as ...
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