Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 780
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Ohno A - - 2004
Two patients with dermatomyositis complicated with Sjögren's syndrome (SjS), are reported. Both patients exhibited sensory-dominant polyneuropathy, compatible with neurologic involvement in SjS. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels were increased in their plasma. Histological examination demonstrated vasculitic changes in biopsied specimens of muscle and salivary glands from the patients, and ...
Coskun Basak Kandi - - 2004
Hyperhidrosis is a disease that is characterized by excessive sweating due to hyperactivation of eccrine sweat glands. It may be localized or generalized form. Holmes-Adie syndrome is an idiopathic disease with unilateral pupil dilatation and loss of deep tendon reflexes. We present a 37-year-old female patient diagnosed with unilateral hyperhidrosis ...
Venables Patrick J W - - 2004
Sjögren's syndrome is an autoimmune disease characterized by inflammation of the exocrine glands, leading to impaired function. Here, I review the relatively short history of the syndrome and explain why it is frequently underdiagnosed, undertreated and under-researched. Attempts to provide classification criteria have culminated in the revised American-European Consensus Criteria, ...
Hu Daniel C - - 2004
Sjögren syndrome is a systemic autoimmune disease that involves the kidney as well as other organs. Tubulointerstitial nephritis secondary to monocyte, lymphocyte, and plasma cell infiltration is the characteristic lesion. The authors report a case of Sjögren related acute interstitial nephritis (AIN) with prominent neutrophilic infiltration in the interstitium. This ...
Tunc R - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of antithyroid antibodies and the presence of autoimmune thyroiditis among patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome. DESIGN: A case-control study. METHODS: 53 consecutive patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome, 30 with rheumatoid arthritis, 12 with secondary Sjögren's syndrome associated with rheumatoid arthritis, 17 with autoimmune thyroiditis, and ...
Fulop Milford - - 2004
BACKGROUND: There has been disagreement about whether osteomalacia (adult rickets) occurs in adults with type 1 (distal) renal tubular acidosis (RTA1). Therefore, after finding scapular pseudofractures in a patient with RTA1 and Sjögren syndrome, we decided to survey other patients with RTA to learn whether osteomalacia occurred in others and, ...
Sakamoto Akiko - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy, retention rates, and complications of two types of silicone lacrimal punctal plugs in patients with or without Sjögren syndrome. METHODS: We studied 36 patients with keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS) including 17 cases with Sjögren syndrome (SS) and 19 without SS. The fluorescein and rose bengal staining ...
Pezzi Paola Pivetti - - 2004
PURPOSE: To discover a relationship between Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) syndrome and Sjögren syndrome. DESIGN: Observational case-control study. METHODS: Sixteen Italian patients with VKH syndrome and 16 controls with diffuse uveitis underwent tear analysis and rheumatologic evaluation. Biopsy specimens of the minor salivary glands were obtained or salivary gland scintigraphy was performed ...
Dartt Darlene A - - 2004
Tears are a complex fluid consisting of three layers, each of which is secreted by a different set of tissues or glands. The aqueous portion of the tear film is produced predominantly by the lacrimal gland. Dry eye syndromes are diseases in which the amount and composition of tears are ...
Nishiyama Susumu - - 2004
We describe a 67-year-old woman with primary Sjögren's syndrome who developed a splenic marginal zone B-cell lymphoma, and complained of a dry mouth and Raynaud's phenomenon. She had splenomegaly, swollen lymph nodes and monoclonal IgM-kappa cryoglobulin. After splenectomy, Raynaud's phenomenon had improved with the decrease of cryoglobulin. This is the ...
Sorrentino Dario - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that Helicobacter pylori seroprevalence in Sjögren's syndrome is comparable with that of the general population. However, the origin of the chronic gastropathy associated with this syndrome and the role of local autoimmunity--possibly triggered by bacterial infection--in its pathogenesis remain unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We initially ...
Opriş Daniela - - 2004
Sjögren's Syndrome (SS) is one of the most frequent autoimmune disorders, which affects approximately 1% of the population. It occurs in patients of all ages, but especially females during the fourth and fifth decades of life with a female/male ratio of 9:1. The main target of this disease are the ...
Rozman Blaz - - 2004
This review paper contains selected aspects of Sjögren's syndrome. It consists of epidemiology, ultrasound of salivary glands and antimuscarinic antibodies. The first part present studies aimed to determine the prevalence and the incidence of the disease with special emphasize on epidemiological studies performed in Slovenia. This is followed by the ...
Porter S R - - 2004
Salivary gland disease gives rise to salivary gland enlargement, pain, and prolonged xerostomia (dry mouth). Xerostomia is the most common long-standing problem for the majority of affected patients. There are many causes of dry mouth, with long-standing xerostomia being a particular problem in Sjögren's syndrome and after radiation to the ...
Rogers Susan J - - 2004
The incidence, aetiology and optimal treatment of CNS Sjögren's syndrome, including myelopathy associated with Sjögren's syndrome, are unknown at the present time. CNS Sjögren's syndrome is thought to be the result of an autoimmune vasculitis, but other mechanisms may be important. Spinal cord involvement in CNS Sjögren's syndrome may present ...
Abe Haruo - - 2004
The association of either thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) or crescentic glomerulonephritis with Sjögren's syndrome is rare. We report a case of TTP appearing after the diagnosis of SjOgren's syndrome with crescentic glomerulonephritis and membranous nephropathy. Circulating immune complex was detected, and immune complex deposits were shown along the capillary walls ...
Lamey P-J - - 2004
Primary and Secondary Sjögren's syndrome are disease complexes characterized by periductal inflammatory cell infiltration of the salivary and lacrimal glands and manifest as dry mouth and dry eyes. Secondary Sjögren's syndrome may be associated with a connective tissue disorder. Additional extraglandular features in Sjögren's syndrome include a generalized inflammatory exocrinopathy ...
Matsuyama N - - 2003
The aim of this study was to analyse and compare the chest radiographic and CT findings in patients with primary and secondary Sjögren's syndrome. We retrospectively evaluated the frequency of abnormality and findings of both the chest radiography (n=107) and CT (n=59) in patients with Sjögren's syndrome. Abnormal cases were ...
Gorson Kenneth C - - 2003
The relationship between neuropathy and Sjögren syndrome has been predicated largely on sicca symptoms or serological abnormalities rather than salivary gland pathology. We reviewed consecutive neuropathy patients who had had a lip biopsy to identify features of the neuropathy that were associated with a positive lip biopsy suggesting Sjögren syndrome. ...
van de Merwe Joop P - - 2003
It is recognized that interstitial cystitis (IC) is often associated with a number of diseases such as allergies, irritable bowel syndrome, fibromyalgia, inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis), systemic lupus erythematosus, and Sjögren's syndrome. The prevalence of allergies in IC is reported to be between 40 and 80% ...
Hansen Arne - - 2003
Although a modified European-American consensus classification of Sjögren syndrome has been introduced during the last year, the etiopathogenesis of this disease characterized by chronic lymphocytic inflammation, impaired function, and, finally, destruction of the salivary and lacrimal glands as well as systemic manifestations remains to be elucidated. Recent insights into the ...
Misra R - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Primary Sjogren's syndrome (SS) is rarely reported from India. We have studied the clinical spectrum and immunological profile of patients with primary SS. METHODS: A prospective analysis of patients with primary Sjogren's syndrome fulfilling San Francisco criteria, seen at our clinic in the last 10 years was carried out. ...
Chen Yen-Cheng - - 2003
A 38-year-old woman presented with muscle cramping of 4 extremities and paralysis for months. Laboratory results showed an elevated antinuclear antibody titer; antibodies to the ribonucleoprotein antigen Ro; hypokalemia; hypomagnesemia with hyperreninemia, but abnormally high urine potassium and magnesium levels and low urine calcium levels; and a blunted diuretic effect ...
Akçam Timur - - 2003
Tolosa-Hunt syndrome (THS), heterotopic salivary gland and hypoplasia of internal carotid artery (ICA) are all rare entities. We have reported a case of all these three conditions included in a patient. We have postulated that the heterotopic salivary gland tissue might have caused the hypoplasia of ICA and also triggered ...
Jonsson Roland - - 2003
Sjögren's syndrome is a chronic autoimmune and rheumatic disorder of the mucous membranes caused by a lack of proper exocrine secretions, with prominent sicca complaints. The molecular mechanisms of the pathogenesis are virtually unknown, although progress has been made with regard to chemokines, B cell activating factor, and apoptosis. A ...
Miyashita Yuko - - 2003
We report a patient with primary Sjögren's syndrome who developed pyrexia, cervical lymphadenopathy, and painful indurated erythema on the forehead, back, chest, abdomen, and limbs. Laboratory data showed an elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein and CH50 in addition to existing autoantibodies including anti-nuclear antibody, anti SS-A antibody, and anti ...
Voulgarelis Michalis - - 2003
Sjögren's syndrome is a chronic inflammatory process involving primarily the exocrine glands. Its association with lymphoma is well documented. A low-grade marginal-zone lymphoma related to mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue is the most common lymphoid neoplasia in Sjögren's syndrome. Among all autoimmune diseases, Sjögren's syndrome is the best tool to clarify the ...
Mahoney Elizabeth J - - 2003
In summary, Sjögren's syndrome is a chronic autoimmune disorder characterized by lymphocytic infiltration of the exocrine glands, particularly the salivary and lacrimal glands. The sicca complex of xerophthalmia and xerostomia are the hallmark features of Sjögren's symptomatology. In addition to these hallmark symptoms of oral and ocular dryness, one third ...
Belafsky Peter C - - 2003
Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) is the syndrome caused by the backflow of gastric contents into the upper aerodigestive tract. Acid and pepsin in the pharynx, larynx, oral cavity, and trachea have been associated with dysphonia, chronic cough, reactive airway disease, middle ear effusion, throat pain, excessive throat mucus, postnasal drip, dental ...
Sawalha Amr H - - 2003
Primary Sjögren's syndrome is an autoimmune disease characterized clinically by dryness of the eyes and mouth. The use of different classification criteria for primary Sjögren's syndrome has led to dramatically different estimates of prevalence and incidence. Despite this, several genetic and environmental factors are thought to play a role in ...
Goel Archana - - 2003
Gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE), a rare yet treatable cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding, has been described in a variety of autoimmune diseases. We describe a patient who had typical Sjögren's syndrome and iron deficiency anemia requiring blood transfusion. An endoscopy showed characteristic findings of GAVE. After several fulguration therapies ...
Martin-Martin L S - - 2003
Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is a systemic autoimmune disease that mainly affects exocrine glands. A diagnosis of SS in its early stages has a potential clinical relevance, but it is difficult and cannot be made solely on clinical grounds. Several sets of diagnostic criteria have been proposed, but none has met ...
Yilmaz Belma - - 2003
Basal cell nevus syndrome is a genetically determined disease characterized by 5 major manifestations (multiple basal cell carcinomas, jaw cysts, skeletal abnormalities, pits of the hands and feet, and ectopic calcification) and a variety of developmental anomalies. We present a case of basal cell nevus syndrome in which the patient ...
Stanescu Dinu - - 2003
PURPOSE: To report a case of papilledema and pseudotumor cerebri developed in association with Sjögren's syndrome. METHODS: Case-report of a 38-year-old woman with history, imaging and histology confirming the diagnosis of both pseudotumor cerebri and Sjögren's syndrome who presented with bilateral decrease of vision. RESULTS: Papilledema associated with pseudotumor cerebri ...
Ulbricht Kai U - - 2003
Alpha-fodrin is a part of the membrane skeleton and expressed in the majority of mammalian cells. It is cleaved in apoptosis by caspase 3. One of the cleavage products, a 120-kDa protein, represents a neoantigen. Antibodies against that cleavage product of alpha-fodrin have originally been described in a murine model ...
Plaza G - - 2003
We present a case of a 40-year woman with bilateral parotid salivary gland enlargement as presentation of primary Sjögren's syndrome. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed parotid cysts, suggestive of cystic benign lymphoepithelial lesions. A sub-labial biopsy confirmed the syndrome. After 24-month follow-up, the left parotid cysts ...
Mihas Anastasios A - - 2003
There is much confusion in the literature regarding the differences between Mikulicz disease and Mikulicz syndrome. This may be because there seems to be a connection between the disease and disease processes associated with the syndrome. This article provides historical data discussing the emergence of Mikulicz disease, confusions regarding its ...
Agoşton-Coldea Lucica - - 2002
Sjögren's Syndrome is a very frequent autoimmune disease, characterised by exocrine gland involvement. Immunologic disorders are also responsive for extraglandular manifestations of the disease, mostly for the digestive involvement. We report a case of primary Sjögren's syndrome with multiple extraglandular manifestations: vasculitis, cryoglobulinaemia, hepatic involvement and presumably neurologic involvement. The ...
Winer Shawn - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Sjögren's syndrome is a common (about 1% of the population) autoimmune disease of salivary and lacrimal glands. Its cause and pathogenesis are poorly understood, and treatments are mostly for symptoms of the disease. ICA69 is a self-antigen expressed in brain, pancreas, salivary, and lacrimal glands. NOD-strain mice are an ...
Mahlstedt Kathrin - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Minor salivary gland biopsy is suggested for diagnosing Sjögren's syndrome in patients with clinical signs of sicca syndrome. This biopsy is mainly examined on the basis of the semiquantitative morphologic criteria without taking into account the detection of characteristic myoepithelial sialadenitis (MESA). DESIGN: The role of minor salivary gland ...
Folli F - - 2002
Sjögren's syndrome is a chronic autoimmune disease affecting exocrine glands, resulting in xerostomia and xerophthalmia. Lymphocytic infiltration and fibrosis of exocrine glands as well as the presence of autoantibodies against organ-specific and non-organ-specific antigens are the hallmarks of the disease. We investigated whether some patients affected by Sjögren's syndrome might ...
Shimoyama Masaki - - 2002
Autonomic failure is rare in patients with Sjögren syndrome (SS). We report the case of a 46-year-old woman with severe autonomic cardiovascular failure, manifested by incapacitating postural hypotension, as the first symptom of primary SS. Treatment with glucocorticoid resulted in a dramatic improvement of her symptoms and objective findings of ...
Akahane Chiho - - 2002
A 55-year-old man suffered from nasal obstruction, swelling of the salivary glands, and diplopia caused by markedly enlarged lacrimal glands. The diagnosis of primary Sjögren's syndrome was made by a positive Schirmer's test and nasal mucosal biopsy with severe lymphocyte infiltration. He was also found to have swelling of the ...
Campanati Anna - - 2002
An unusual case of widespread acne unresponsive to treatment with early onset in a child with Apert's syndrome is presented. The patient eventually responded to oral isotretinoin therapy. The morphological profile of the sebaceous glands and the expression of proliferative markers and androgen receptors were evaluated in seboblasts and sebocytes ...
Malatskey Shelton - - 2002
Frey syndrome is a disorder characterized by unilateral sweating and flushing of the facial skin in the area of the parotid gland occurring during meals. The syndrome is a sequela of parotidectomy and may follow other surgical, traumatic, and inflammatory injuries of the parotid and submandibular glands and the cervical ...
Petrek M - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) and also mononuclear cell-attractant chemokines CCL3, CCL4 and CCL5 have been implicated in the immunopathogenesis of primary Sjögren syndrome (pSS). Both the gene coding for receptor CCR5 binding the aforementioned CCL ligands and the gene for IL-1Ra are polymorphic. We have therefore in a case ...
Khanna Dinesh - - 2002
Patients with Sjögren's syndrome (SS) have an increased risk of developing lymphoproliferative disorders, mainly non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and pseudolymphoma. We describe a young Caucasian woman with a 7 year history of SS, who presented with meningeal signs and symptoms and was found to have non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the central nervous system.
Tsubota K - - 2002
The objective of our study was to investigate the possibility of Fas ligand protein abnormalities in certain types of Sjögren's syndrome patients with enlarged exocrine glands. Fas ligand expression by lymphocytes infiltrating the lacrimal glands and by peripheral blood monocytes in Sjögren's syndrome patients with enlarged exocrine glands was assessed ...
Vitali C - - 2002
Classification criteria for Sjögren's syndrome (SS) were developed and validated between 1989 and 1996 by the European Study Group on Classification Criteria for SS, and broadly accepted. These have been re-examined by consensus group members, who have introduced some modifications, more clearly defined the rules for classifying patients with primary ...
Jonsson Roland - - 2002
Sjögren's syndrome is a chronic autoimmune and rheumatic disorder with prominent sicca complaints from the mucous membranes because of lack of proper exocrine secretions. There is no straightforward and simple diagnostic test for Sjögren's syndrome, although several classification criteria have been designed including several oral diagnostic tests. A new set ...
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