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Cavanna Andrea E - - 2013
Tourette syndrome is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by multiple tics and is often associated with comorbid behavioral problems. Research with generic instruments in child populations showed that comorbid disorders can have a greater impact on health-related quality of life than tic severity. This study investigated the usefulness of a newly ...
Cavanna Andrea E - - 2013
Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (GTS) is a chronic childhood-onset neuropsychiatric disorder with a significant impact on patients' health-related quality of life (HR-QOL). Cavanna et al. (Neurology 2008; 71: 1410-1416) developed and validated the first disease-specific HR-QOL assessment tool for adults with GTS (Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome-Quality of Life ...
Cavanna Andrea E - - 2012
Background: Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (GTS) is a chronic childhood-onset neuropsychiatric disorder with a significant impact on patients' health-related quality of life (HR-QOL). Cavanna et al. (Neurology 2008; 71: 1410-1416) developed and validated the first disease-specific HR-QOL assessment tool for adults with GTS (Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome-Quality of ...
Song You-Lung YL Institute of Traditional Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan ; Taiwan International Traditional Chinese Medicine Training Center, Taipei, - - 2012
The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between obesity-related hormone peptides and quality of life in obese women among different traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome groups ( zhèng xíng). 260 obese women met with age between 20 and 65 years old and body mass index (BMI) ≧ ...
Lam Fook Chang - - 2011
Posterior dislocation of IOLs has been reported following Nd:YAG laser for anterior capsule contraction in only 3 cases and these involved plate haptic silicone lenses; while the dislocation of IOLs into the vitreous cavity following posterior Nd:YAG laser capsulotomy have been reported in plate haptic silicone lenses and single piece ...
Gurgoze Metin Kaya - - 2011
Background:  The pathogenesis of edema in nephrotic syndrome is not entirely understood. The aim of this study was to contribute to the discussion on edema pathogenesis in nephrotic syndrome by following changes in volume and sodium retention for the course of the disease in children with steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome (SSNS). ...
Kymionis George D - - 2010
Purpose. To report a case of Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) in combination with phacoemulsification and implantation of intraocular lens (IOL) (triple procedure) in a patient with Chandler syndrome. Methods. A patient with visually significant corneal edema due to Chandler syndrome and cataract underwent DSAEK combined with phacoemulsification and ...
Tasic Velibor - - 2011
Cystinuria is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized with abnormal tubular reabsorption of cystine and dibasic amino acids leading to cystine urolithiasis. The classical form is caused by mutations in the SLC3A1 gene (OMIM 220100). The cornerstone of the treatment is high hydration and alkalization of the urine to achieve urine ...
Madani Abbas - - 2010
Introduction. Childhood idiopathic nephrotic syndrome is characterized by frequent relapsing courses or steroid dependency. Levamisole is a popular drug for treatment of these patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate levamisole in children with steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome. Materials and Methods. We retrospectively studied 304 children with a diagnosis ...
Van Steenbergen Werner - - 2010
Secondary amyloidosis may complicate chronic inflammatory conditions and mostly presents as a renal disease with nephrotic syndrome or renal insufficiency. Its prognosis is largely affected by control of the underlying disease. We report a patient with primary sclerosing cholangitis, who developed cirrhosis over a 4-year period. Therapy with steroids and ...
Klein Janet D - - 2010
The serine/threonine protease corin, which proteolytically activates atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), is reduced in the kidneys of animals with nephrotic syndrome and glomerular nephritis. Polzin et al. provide evidence for a linkage between the decreased corin and β-epithelial sodium channel, phosphodiesterase 5, and cGMP-dependent protein kinase II in the nephrotic ...
Beco A - - 2010
Minimal change disease (MCD) is characterized by marked sensitivity to glucocorticoid therapy. However, in 40 - 50% of all cases the disease presents with frequent relapses and needs repeated courses of steroids as well as additional immunosuppressive therapy including azathioprine, cyclophosphamide or cyclosporine. Because such regimens are associated with significant ...
Farruggia Piero - - 2010
An association between nephrotic syndrome and extrarenal neoplasia was described for the first time in 1922. Since then a large number of cases have been published, few of them describing the link between Hodgkin disease (HD) and nephrotic syndrome (NS). It shows that the incidence of nephrotic syndrome in Hodgkin ...
Han Seung Hyeok - - 2011
IgA nephropathy (IgAN) can be complicated by nephrotic syndrome. Because the spontaneous resolution of heavy proteinuria is rare, corticosteroid therapy should be considered in such cases, particularly when IgAN is combined with minimal-change disease. Here, we report our experience of spontaneous remission of nephrotic syndrome in patients with IgAN and ...
Naritaka Yoshihiko - - 2010
Nephrotic syndrome associated with a malignant tumor may remit following resection of the tumor. This report documents a case of esophageal cancer with concurrent nephrotic syndrome in which a surgical resection of the tumor resulted in a complete remission of nephrotic syndrome. A 78-year-old male patient noticed edema of his ...
Avni E Fred - - 2011
The clinical classification of nephrotic syndrome (NS) is based on age at presentation. However, this classification is arbitrary because the majority of early onset NS has a genetic origin and has a widespread age of onset (from fetal life to several years). The aims of this review are to illustrate ...
Xu H - - 2010
Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is an uncommon condition marked by clotting of blood in cerebral venous, dural sinuses, or cortical veins. It is rather rare that CVST is reported as a complication in nephrotic syndrome, which could have potentially fatal consequences. Here we report a young man with CVST ...
Tullu Milind S - - 2010
Extrapontine myelinolysis is rare in children. We describe a 6-year-old girl with nephrotic syndrome who presented with symptomatic hyponatremia, and who developed acute quadriparesis with pseudobulbar palsy during rapid correction of the hyponatremia. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated bilateral, symmetric basal ganglia lesions (extrapontine myelinolysis). The extrapontine myelinolysis was caused ...
Bae Eun Hui - - 2010
The collecting duct endothelin (ET) system, which involves ET-1 and its two receptors, may play a role in the regulation of renal sodium in association with the nitric oxide synthase (NOS) system. We determined whether sodium retention is associated with changes in the endothelin and NOS systems at different stages ...
Liu X W - - 2010
To evaluate the therapeutic effects and safety of a combination therapy of leflunomide (LEF) and prednisone for the treatment of immunoglobulin A (IgA) nephropathy manifesting with nephrotic syndrome. 40 patients with IgA nephropathy manifesting with nephrotic syndrome were randomly divided into two groups. The treatment group was administered with a ...
Malinowska M - - 2010
We present two cases of a bronchopulmonary tumor with paraneoplastic nephrotic syndrome as initial manifestation. After surgical resection of the tumor, regression of the nephrotic syndrome occurred.
Kaminska D - - 2010
The nephrotic syndrome is a rare complication of allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT). We present two cases of nephrotic syndrome during chronic graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) involving altered cytokine gene expression in renal tissue. A patient with acute lymphatic leukemia demonstrated nephrotic syndrome due to minimal change disease as a marker ...
Jabur Wael Latif - - 2010
We herewith report a case of biopsy proven crescentic glomerulonephritis (GN) due to vasculitis, whose sole presentation was the nephrotic syndrome. Our case raises the possibility of whether the disease initially was a primary GN, upon which crescentic GN was superimposed, or was it vasculitis from initial stages with an ...
Safaei A A S L - - 2010
Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is a clinical entity characterized by massive loss of urinary protein leading to hypoproteinemia and edema. This prospective cross sectional study was performed on 44 children with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (INS). The objectives were to study the clinical and biochemical parameters at the time of diagnosis of ...
Miyazaki Mieko - - 2010
Strongyloidiasis, a chronic infection caused by the intestinal parasite Strongyloides stercoralis, is prevalent in the Nansei Islands of Japan. Here, we report our findings on a case of strongyloidiasis complicated with steroid-resistant minimal change nephrotic syndrome in a 69-year-old male resident of Fukuoka Prefecture who had lived in Yakushima, one ...
Chan Winnie K Y - - 2010
We report a child with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome whose condition was complicated by extensive pneumatosis intestinalis during a nephrotic relapse. The concomitant use of steroid and immunosuppressive agents and a preceding norovirus gastroenteritis infection were identified as risk factors.
Vivarelli Marina - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To identify early prognostic factors for idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (INS) in childhood. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of 103 patients with INS at onset, all treated in a single center with the same induction protocol, was conducted. Minimum length of follow-up was 2 years; median length of follow-up was ...
Griveas Ioannis - - 2010
Cyclosporine (CyA) has an immunosuppressive effect that might suggest a therapeutic role in idiopathic glomerular conditions. We focused on the optimization of CyA treatment control in patients with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome by using trough-level CyA measurements (C0) and the 2-h postdose levels (C2). Twenty-two patients (14 male, 8 female) with ...
Togashi Masaru - - 2010
A 21-year-old man with lymphadenopathy and Coombs-positive hemolytic anemia had been treated with steroid maintenance therapy. He developed nephrotic syndrome with size increase of lymphadenopathy. Lymph node examination disclosed angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL). Light microscopy of a renal biopsy specimen showed typical features of membranous nephropathy (MN), such as bubbling ...
Polanco Natalia - - 2010
Spontaneous remission is a well known characteristic of idiopathic membranous nephropathy, but contemporary studies describing predictors of remission and long-term outcomes are lacking. We conducted a retrospective, multicenter cohort study of 328 patients with nephrotic syndrome resulting from idiopathic membranous nephropathy that initially received conservative therapy. Spontaneous remission occurred in ...
Huq N - - 2010
Nephrotic syndrome in children is a clinical manifestation of different histopathological subtypes of glomerulopathies. There is a paucity of studies about the histopathological spectrum of childhood nephrotic syndrome in our country. A cross sectional study was carried out from July 2005 to June 2007 with the aim to see the ...
Abeygunasekara Sumith C - - 2010
Human parvovirus B19 infection causes several clinical syndromes. Systemic complications due to this illness are rare. Parvovirus B19 associated renal disease is being increasingly recognized. We report two cases with characteristic presentation with a nephrotic syndrome due to parvovirus B19. We discuss the importance of identifying this infection as a ...
Sun Linlin - - 2010
Prolonged steroid therapy is generally used for steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome in pediatric patients. However, dwarfism secondary to a long-term regimen and its successful reverse is rarely reported. The underlying mechanism of dwarfism is still poorly understood, as both long-term steroid use and nephrotic syndrome may interact or independently interfere with ...
Stylianou Kostas - - 2010
The kidney is increasingly recognised as a target organ of chronic graft-versus-host disease after hematopoietic cell transplantation in the context of the development of the nephrotic syndrome. Chronic graft-versus-host disease is associated with autoimmune phenomena similar, but not identical, to those observed in various rheumatologic disorders, implicating autoimmunity as an ...
Hamzaoui A - - 2010
We describe a case of a 55-year-old man who presented with pulmonary embolism and who was found to have nephrotic syndrome due to idiopathic membranous nephropathy. There are no other signs of nephrotic syndrome such as edema.
Kabicek Pavel - - 2010
Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome (PRES) is a rare complication of nephrotic syndrome in children. This clinical condition is caused by localized brain angioedema mostly in parieto-occipital region and results in dramatic and acute features as sudden loss of consciousness, epileptic paroxysms, strong headache or visual disturbances. Uncontrolled hypertension often participates ...
Bouyahia Olfa - - 2010
Only few cases of nephrotic syndrome associated with Guillain-Barre Syndrome (GBS) have been reported in the adult and pediatric literature. A 3-year-old boy was initially admitted to our hospital following five days of progressive weakness of his extremities, fatigue, right leg pain and numbness. There was no past history of ...
Zhang Shao-Yu - - 2010
Idiopathic nephrotic syndrome comprises several podocyte diseases of unknown origin that affect the glomerular podocyte, which controls the permeability of the filtration barrier in the kidney to proteins. It is characterized by the daily loss of more than 3 g of protein in urine and the lack of inflammatory lesions ...
Mishra O P - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To observe the influence of prednisolone treatment on bone mineral density (BMD) in children with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome. METHODS: Duel-energy X-ray absorptiometry of lumbar spine (L1-L4) was performed on 40 patients (18 first episode and 22 relapsers) of steroid sensitive idiopathic nephrotic syndrome. RESULTS: Patients of first episode and ...
Kodner Charles - - 2009
Nephrotic syndrome may be caused by primary (idiopathic) renal disease or by a variety of secondary causes. Patients present with marked edema, proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia, and often hyperlipidemia. In adults, diabetes mellitus is the most common secondary cause, and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis and membranous nephropathy are the most common primary causes. ...
Menon Shina - - 2010
The approach to the pediatric patient with membranous nephropathy (MN) can be challenging to the practitioner. The clinical presentation of the child with this histologic entity usually involves some degree of proteinuria ranging from persistent, subnephrotic-ranged proteinuria to overt nephrotic syndrome. Patients often have accompanying microscopic hematuria and may have ...
Zarate Yuri A - - 2010
Fabry disease is an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder caused by mutations of the GLA gene and deficiency in alpha-galactosidase A activity. Glycosphingolipids accumulation causes renal injury that manifests early during childhood as tubular dysfunction and later in adulthood as proteinuria and renal insufficiency. Nephrotic syndrome as the first evidence of ...
Cucer Florentina - - 2009
Nephrotic syndrome, an entity described at the beginning of the 20th century, has still an unclear pathophysiology, genetic and immunologic factors being incriminated. Here we report three cases of nephrotic syndrome with genetic involvement. The article presented tremendous progress that have been made over the past few years in enhancing ...
Russo Gianluca - - 2010
We present a case of Rhodococcus equi primary retroperitoneal abscesses without pulmonary involvement in an immunocompromised patient with severe nephrotic syndrome. No risk factors for exposure to R. equi were present. The infection was successfully treated with long-term combination antibiotic treatment including linezolid and tigecycline.
Campbell G - - 2009
A 25-year-old man developed nephrotic syndrome and severe hypertension following occupational exposure to mercury vapor whilst working at a fluorescent light factory. A renal biopsy confirmed minimal-change disease on light microscopy, immunofluorescence and electron microscopy. He was also noted to be polycythemic which was initially treated with venesection. His blood ...
Arenas M D - - 2009
We present a case of nephrotic syndrome secondary to a membranous glomerulonephritis (MG), in a nonsmoking female with a solitary pulmonary nodule, which did not show growth during 2 years of followup. A biopsy by videothoracoscopy showed a granulomatous non-neoplastic process with giant multinucleated cells. The appearance of a nephrotic ...
Park Sun Young - - 2010
Renal involvement in Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS) is not uncommon, but nephrotic syndrome is rarely reported in patients with CSS. A 25-year-old woman with a long history of bronchial asthma presented to our hospital with a chief complaint of generalized edema. Laboratory studies revealed normocytic normochromic anemia, marked eosinophilia, positive anti-neutrophil ...
Zenker Martin - - 2009
Nephrotic syndrome is caused by increased permeability of the glomerular filtration barrier for macromolecules. The identification of mutations of various podocyte-expressed proteins as causes of familial nephrotic syndrome has significantly contributed to shedding light into the molecular pathogenesis of nephrotic proteinuria and into the physiology of the glomerular sieve. More ...
Gipson Debbie S - - 2009
The therapeutic approach to childhood nephrotic syndrome is based on a series of studies that began with an international collaborative effort sponsored by the International Study of Kidney Disease in Children in 1967. The characteristics of children presenting with nephrotic syndrome have changed over recent decades with greater frequency of ...
de Seigneux S - - 2009
Nephrotic syndrome is characterised by proteinuria >3.5 g/24h, oedema, hypoalbuminaemia and hyperlipidaemia. Several glomerular diseases, either primary or secondary, may lead to nephrotic syndrome. Investigations for nephrotic syndrome include immunological and infectious evaluations. Renal biopsy is often mandatory, except in diabetes. Depending on aetiology specific treatment, often with immunosuppressive agents, ...
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