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Arnold Michael A MA *Department of Pathology ¶Department of Internal Medicine, Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center †Department of Pathology, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH ‡Department of Pathology, Mercy Medical Center, Des Moines, IA §Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, AZ ∥Department of Pathology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, - - 2014
We report the morphologic description of the bile acid sequestrants (BAS) colesevelam and colestipol, as well as the largest series of cholestyramine. Histologically similar medication resins from 4 institutions were prospectively collected over 1 year (26 specimens, 15 patients). Comorbidities included hyperlipidemia (4/15), hypertension (4/15), inflammatory bowel disease (4/15), coronary ...
Viveiros Eulália - - 2013
We report a case of a 17-year-old institutionalised male with a medical history of fragile X syndrome, bilateral congenital glaucoma, cataracts and pica disorder. He was transferred to our paediatric intensive care unit owing to respiratory failure and hypotension. On transoesophageal echocardiogram, he presented left atrium compression. A CT of ...
Taftachi F - - 2012
In the patients with medication poisoning, diagnosis and treatment may be complicated due to the decreased level of consciousness or lack of the patient cooperation. In this review, we tried to assess the role of ultrasonography in detection of the ingested medication in the stomach of the patients with suspected ...
Zargaran Arman - - 2012
Medical sciences including pharmacy flourished in Persia throughout medieval times. The oldest pharmacopeias which discussed pharmaceutical formulations were created by them, called Qarabadin. Among various dosage forms which were described, Jawarish was a gastrointestinal dosage form which was made from different ingredients for different purposes such as stomach tonic, digestive, ...
Graham S Scott - - 2011
Recent scholarship in medical humanities has expressed strong concern over the ability of pharmaceuticals companies to medicalize discomfort and subsequently invent diseases. In this article, I explore the clinical debates over the ontology of the sinus headache as a possible counter-case. Extending Foucault's concept of principles or rarefaction, this paper ...
Cassel Christine K - - 2011
Over the past 75 years, many medical and surgical specialties have emerged. In this Sounding Board article, the authors outline the history of medical and surgical specialization and subspecialization and frame the issues faced by the public and the profession.
Horwitz Mara J - - 2011
Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is a common, often asymptomatic, endocrine disorder characterized by hypercalcemia in the face of a non-suppressed parathyroid hormone (PTH) level. For those with symptomatic disease or who meet surgical criteria, parathyroidectomy is the treatment of choice. However, those patients who do not meet surgical criteria, or who ...
Nishigori Hidekazu - - 2011
Aim:  The aim of this study was to survey early preterm (prior to 32 weeks' gestation) singleton live births in Iwate Prefecture as a provincial model of the medical situation in Japan. Materials and Methods:  Data from 177 early preterm singleton live births, and 31 445 total live births (January 2005-December 2007) ...
Gupta Deepak - - 2011
Corneal neovascularization (CNV) may be a physiological response to various stimuli, but a chronic and persistent upregulation of neoangiogenesis can result in pathological CNV. Pathological blood vessels are immature and lack structural integrity, predisposing the cornea to lipid exudation, inflammation, and scarring. CNV can therefore become a potentially blinding condition. ...
Gupta Deepak - - 2011
Corneal neovascularization (CNV) may be a physiological response to various stimuli, but a chronic and persistent upregulation of neoangiogenesis can result in pathological CNV. Pathological blood vessels are immature and lack structural integrity, predisposing the cornea to lipid exudation, inflammation, and scarring. CNV can therefore become a potentially blinding condition. ...
Cashman Emma Catherine - - 2011
The various medical histories of eminent members of state have been well documented and explored. Such accounts provide interesting insights into advances in treatment and management of disease. Moreover, historical cases serve as a timely reminder of how the central tenets of good medical practice do not change with time. ...
Lima José Carlos Bolini de - - 2011
Tympanoplasty aims at rebuilding the tympanic membrane with or without middle ear functional recovery. To evaluate the surgical results of tympanoplasties with a retro-auricular surgical approach at a medical residency unit. Thirty-nine patients with diagnosis of simple chronic otitis media were evaluated; these patients underwent tymplanoplasty by a retro-auricular approach ...
Missori Paolo - - 2011
Medical and surgical texts from the 16th to the 18th centuries document the origin of the cannula for ventriculostomy in pediatric hydrocephalus. Fabrizio d'Acquapendente was the first physician to report external ventriculostomy through the insertion of a silver cannula with a stopper. More than 100 years later, extended use of ...
Mentula Maarit J - - 2011
BACKGROUND Increasing gestational age is associated with an increased risk of complications in studies assessing surgical termination of pregnancy (TOP). Medical TOP is widely used during the second trimester and little is known about the frequency of complications. This epidemiological study was undertaken to assess the frequency of adverse events ...
Berghella Vincenzo - - 2011
The term "elective" is commonly used in obstetrics. We performed an electronic search of MEDLINE database using the terms "elective" and "obstetrics," which provided 2,208 publications. We found "elective" was more often used in relation to surgical interventions (eg, cesarean delivery, cerclage) and medical procedures (labor induction) rather than diagnostic ...
Carreno Carlos A - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to report the frequency of fetal growth restriction (FGR) based on indication for late preterm birth (LPTB). STUDY DESIGN: Singleton live born pregnancies that were delivered from 34-36 weeks 6 days of gestation over a 1-year period at a tertiary care medical center ...
Huppert Doreen - - 2010
Abstract Vertigo and dizziness are not independent disease entities, but instead symptoms of various diseases. Accordingly, a variety of treatment approaches are required. Here we review the most relevant drugs for managing dizziness, vertigo, and nystagmus syndromes. It is important to differentiate symptomatic treatment of nausea and vomiting with, for ...
Balmford James - - 2011
Nicotine replacement therapies (NRTs) have been demonstrated to be effective in clinical trials but may have lower efficacy when purchased over-the-counter (OTC). Premature discontinuation and insufficient dosing have been offered as possible explanations. The aims are to (a) investigate the prevalence of and reasons for premature discontinuation of stop-smoking medications ...
Tan S Y - - 2012
This article reviews the elements of medical malpractice, informed consent, and affirmative defense; and discusses the legal risks associated with the diagnosis and therapy of cardiovascular disease.
Izutani Hironori - - 2010
We describe a standard procedure of tricuspid annuloplasty using the St. Jude Medical Tailor Flexible Ring with a beating-heart technique. This flexible ring is supposed to be more physiological than a rigid ring for reducing mechanical stress on the annulus. To avoid zigzag the flexible ring when tying the sutures, ...
Moshaver Ali - - 2010
Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) refractory to medical and surgical therapy is a challenging entity to treat. Topical antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs have been increasingly used in managing this disorder. The aim of this pilot study is to evaluate the role of maxillary sinus antrostomy tubes (MAST) in selectively irrigating paranasal sinuses ...
- - 2010
"Quick-connect" medical gas connectors may occasionally fail and spontaneously detach from medical gas outlets. Minor injuries are possible, though unlikely. ECRI Institute believes this problem may occur with devices from any supplier and that the best solution is to ensure that they are assessed frequently and removed at the first ...
Biswas Abhishek - - 2010
Cardiac pseudoaneurysms are more likely than true aneurysms to rupture causing sudden death. Although pseudoaneurysms are typically managed surgically, medical management is reasonable in certain scenarios. We present the case of a sixty-four-year-old gentleman with an unusual initial presentation of left ventricular free wall rupture, which was treated medically. We ...
Goodrich James Tait - - 2010
To review medical and surgical practices in pre-Conquest Mexico in the Olmec and Mayan regions and areas of West Mexico as depicted on terra-cotta, stone, and stelae figures. A search was undertaken to locate and describe interesting and unusual medical and surgical figures from the pre-Conquest period of Mesoamerica. Using ...
Molitch Mark E - - 2010
A systematic review and meta-analysis by Dekkers et al. has assessed the effects of dopamine agonist withdrawal in patients with hyperprolactinemia. But not all dopamine agonists are the same, and much depends on the criteria for patient selection and the drug withdrawal strategy.
Rinard Jeremy Ronald - - 2010
Erythema elevatum diutinum is a rare, chronic cutaneous vasculitis that presents with plaques or nodules on the extensor surfaces of extremities. Although the exact pathogenesis is unknown, patients usually have an underlying systemic medical problem such as malignancy, autoimmune disease or HIV. Management of the cutaneous manifestations is aimed at ...
Jose Jemy - - 2010
Allergic rhinitis is a highly prevalent disease that results from an IgE-mediated hypersensitivity reaction of the nasal mucosa to inhaled allergens. It is primarily treated by allergen avoidance and medical treatment, but when these measures fail to control symptoms then surgery to the inferior turbinates of nose is often performed. It ...
Mizobuchi Teruaki - - 2009
We report a case of late presentation of traumatic rupture of the diaphragm discovered incidentally on chest radiography (CXR) during an annual medical checkup. A 60-year-old man suffered severe blunt trauma from heavy steel frames collapsing against his back, resulting in pelvic and femoral fractures as well as pulmonary contusions. ...
Akhator, A; ;
Amputation is a psychological, social and economic tragedy for the patient and his/her family. The lack of rehabilitation facilities in our environment makes the operation a dreaded procedure. This study aims to ascertain the pattern of lower limb amputation in Baptist Medical Center, Eku, with regards to socio biological variables ...
Matsumoto A - - 2001
We describe a case of bleeding gastric fundal varices associated with a gastrorenal shunt that were successfully treated with balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration. Blood flow in the varices disappeared after treatment. Because of its safety and simplicity, balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration appears to be a feasible alternative to transjugular intrahepatic ...
Camilleri L F - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the clinical results of two bileaflet mechanical valves: the St. Jude Medical (SJM) and the Sorin Bicarbon (Sorin Bicarbon) used either in single mitral valve replacement (MVR) or in double, aortic and mitral, valve replacement (DVR). METHODS: Between September 1990 and November 1995, 217 patients received either ...
Angrisani L - - 2001
An 18-year-old female who had undergone a laparoscopic adjustable gastic banding developed several episodes of gastric pouch dilatation (GPD), treated conservatively. The last GPD (31 months after Lap-Band placement) involved the lesser curvature of the stomach and was refractory to medical treatment. Conversion to an open gastric bypass was performed. ...
Sasaki J - - 2000
The association of bile duct ligation with the development of cholangiohepatitis due to Clostridium perfringens was examined. Chickens with only the cystoenteric duct ligated had no significant liver lesions even if C. perfringens was inoculated into the cystoenteric duct. Chickens with both the cystoenteric and hepatoenteric ducts ligated had enlargement ...
Fingerhut A - - 2000
In comparison to medical treatment, antireflux surgery is recognized as an effective, efficient and longlasting therapy, as well as the only treatment that is able to modify the natural history of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The 360 fundoplication is the most widely used surgical procedure for GERD. Although performed in ...
Tatekawa Y - - 1998
Postoperative intussusception in the newborn is an infrequent condition. A 17-day-old female with duodenal stenosis and malrotation underwent excision of the membrane in the duodenum and incidental appendicectomy. Postoperatively, a ceco-colic type of intussusception occurred, necessitating a right hemicolectomy. We speculate that the causative factors are twofolds: the embedded appendiceal ...
Masters R G - - 1995
This study compared the clinical performance of the St. Jude Medical and Medtronic Hall mechanical valves in isolated aortic or mitral valve replacement. From 1984 to 1993, 349 St. Jude Medical valves (aortic 237, mitral 112) and 465 Medtronic Hall valves (aortic 272, mitral 193) were implanted in 814 patients ...
Attili A F - - 1992
Biliary colic is caused by an increased pressure within the gallbladder lumen due to gallbladder contraction against an impacted stone in the cystic duct. It should be possible to prevent the passage of stones into the cystic duct by avoiding those body positions (mostly the supine position) in which the ...
Palmer A - - 1988
A method is presented for removal of the St. Jude Medical valve when it must be replaced with another prosthesis. The sewing ring is transected in the radial direction, freeing the rigid portion of the valve. This is then removed, allowing the remainder of the sewing ring to be excised ...
Woehrlen A E AE - - 1985
This case describes the development of subcutaneous emphysema following restorative dentistry performed under general anesthesia. Initial treatment consisted of intravenous epinephrine and dexamethasone due to difficulty in breathing and laryngeal stridor. Dexamethasone and other adjunctive drugs were administered over the 4 days following surgery while the symptoms subsided. The author ...
Niederau C - - 1984
The present prospective study was done to compare the size of the extrahepatic bile duct as measured by ultrasound with those measured by different radiographic techniques. The sonographic diameters were significantly correlated to the diameters measured by intravenous cholangiography (r = 0.92), to the diameters measured by endoscopic retrograde cholangiography ...
Cole I E - - 1980
Three cases of CSF rhinorrhoea due to pituitary tumours are reported and the literature reviewed. The treatment of choice appears to be trans-sphenoidal exploration of the pituitary fossa with insertion of a free muscle graft followed by radiotherapy. The probability of the tumour being a prolactin-secreting adenoma is discussed.
Onuigbo W I - - 1977
A survey of surgical specimens submitted to a central laboratory suggests that the Igbos of Nigeria are a further ethnic group in whom the anterior encephalocele is comparatively common.
Mims R B - - 1977
We have previously reported that surgically adrenalectomized nonstressed rats showed delayed secretion of the expected increase in plasma ACTH concentrations following adrenalectomy.(1) However, increased plasma ACTH concentrations were always detected when these animals were subjected to severe stress, and their responsiveness increased again seven days or more following surgical adrenalectomy. ...
Asbury M J - - 1972
Bumetanide, a pharmacologically new diuretic, was evaluated in 27 subjects. Its onset of action was within 30 minutes with a peak at 90 minutes and a total duration of action of about 270 minutes. In a controlled study in oedematous patients it was equipotent with frusemide at one-fortieth the molar ...
SHIRLEY S Y - - 1963
Retinal burns can be produced by direct gazing at the sun. This lesion is caused by the thermal effects of the visible and near infrared rays focused on the pigment structure behind the retina. It is rarely seen, as the normal eye will tolerate only fleeting glances at the sun, ...
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