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Stuck Boris A BA Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital Mannheim, Theodor-Kutzer-Ufer 1-3, 68167, Mannheim, Germany, - - 2014
This guideline aims to promote high-quality care by medical specialists for subjects who snore and is designed for everyone involved in the diagnosis and treatment of snoring in an in- or outpatient setting. To date, a satisfactory definition of snoring is lacking. Snoring is caused by a vibration of soft ...
Litten Raye Z RZ National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism Clinical Investigations Group (NCIG) (RZL, MR, DF, JF), Division of Treatment and Recovery Research, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Bethesda, - - 2014
The process of developing pharmacological treatments for alcohol use disorder is notoriously complex and challenging. The path to market is long, costly, and inefficient. One way of expediting and reducing the drug development process is through collaborations-building partnerships among government, academia, pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies, healthcare organizations and advocacy groups, ...
Marzullo Laurie R - - 2014
Agitation is a chief complaint that causes many children and adolescents to present to emergency medical attention. There are many reasons for acute agitation, including toxicologic, neurologic, infectious, metabolic, and functional disorders. At times it may be necessary to pharmacologically treat the agitation to prevent harm to the patient, caregivers, ...
Johari Veena V Courtyard Attorneys, 47/1345, MIG Adarshnagar, Worli, Mumbai 400 030. - - 2014
On September 13, 2013, the Supreme Court absolved Dr Praful Desai, an oncologist, of conviction on the charge of criminal medical negligence in the treatment of one of his patients. This article examines the judgment of the Supreme Court in the light of medical negligence and criminal jurisprudence.
Di Rienzo Businco Lino L Department of Otorhinolaryngology, S. Spirito Hospital, Rome, - - 2014
Allergic rhinitis (AR) presents as the main and most invasive symptom in the blocking of the nose. This condition is almost always related to hypertrophy of the inferior turbinates. When the medical treatments are found to be insufficient to solve the obstructive symptom of the patient, the quality of life ...
Woody George E GE a Penn/VA Addiction Treatment & Research Center, Department of Psychiatry , Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and the Treatment Research Institute , Philadelphia , - - 2014
ABSTRACT This paper briefly reviews the development of treatment for substance use disorders over the last 100 years from the perspective of the author, who has participated in treatment outcome studies since the mid-1970s. It includes some personal events that contributed to my involvement in addiction treatment and research, and describes ...
Giustina Andrea A Chair of Endocrinology, University of Brescia, via Biseo 17, 25100 Brescia, - - 2014
In March 2013, the Acromegaly Consensus Group met to revise and update guidelines for the medical treatment of acromegaly. The meeting comprised experts skilled in the medical management of acromegaly. The group considered treatment goals covering biochemical, clinical and tumour volume outcomes, and the place in guidelines of somatostatin receptor ...
Stürmer T T Department of Epidemiology, UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, - - 2014
Treatment effects, especially when comparing two or more therapeutic alternatives as in comparative effectiveness research, are likely to be heterogeneous across age, gender, co-morbidities and co-medications. Propensity scores (PSs), an alternative to multivariable outcome models to control for measured confounding, have specific advantages in the presence of heterogeneous treatment effects. ...
Suay Ricardo Navarro RN Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care, Central Hospital of Defense "Gómez Ulla", Glorieta del Ejército s/n, CP: 28047 Madrid, - - 2014
Since 1987, the Spanish Armed Forces have deployed their troops in a multitude of conflicts and natural disasters worldwide. The Spanish Military Medical Corps has the ability to deploy Role 1, Role 2, and one Role 3 medical treatment facilities. It also has a Role 4 in operation, the "Gómez ...
Wood Kyle D KD Department of Urology, Wake Forest Baptist Health, Winston-Salem, NC, - - 2014
The objective of this review article is to present the current literature on medical expulsive therapy (MET) and help guide practitioners in the appropriate use of MET for treatment of stone disease. Kidney stones can be treated with multiple modalities including medical therapy, ureteroscopy, shock wave lithotripsy (SWL), percutaneous nephrostolithotomy, ...
Prieto Maria Luz ML Eco-Innovation Research Centre, Department of Chemical and Life Sciences, Waterford Institute of Technology, Waterford, - - 2014
Forty eight individual pigs (8.7±0.26 kg) weaned at 28±1 d of age were used in a 22-d study to evaluate the effect of oral administration of a Bacillus pumilus spore suspension on growth performance and health indicators. Treatments (n = 16) were: (1) non-medicated diet; (2) medicated diet with apramycin (200 mg/kg) ...
Shariff Ayesha A University of New Mexico School of Medicine. - - 2014
Acne vulgaris is a pervasive inflammatory disorder of the skin, with multiple etiologies and treatment options. Although first-line therapies exist, it is often the case that a patient will present with an underlying disorder that prohibits the use of most currently accepted treatment modalities. We present a patient with severe ...
Sanghera Sabina S Health Economics Unit, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United - - 2014
To undertake an economic evaluation alongside the largest randomised controlled trial comparing Levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine device ('LNG-IUS') and usual medical treatment for women with menorrhagia in primary care; and compare the cost-effectiveness findings using two alternative measures of quality of life. 571 women with menorrhagia from 63 UK centres were randomised ...
Khandheria Mili - - 2013
Psychosis is a recognized but often forgotten side effect of many commonly prescribed medications. A case of psychosis in a 27-year-old female related to metronidazole treatment is presented along with review of possible mechanisms. The onset and resolution of psychosis appeared to coincide with metronidazole treatment. Clinicians should be aware ...
Hall Gerod G The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University, 633 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10017, - - 2013
The New Jersey Medication Assisted Treatment Initiative (NJ-MATI) sought to reduce barriers to treatment by providing free, opioid agonist treatment (OAT, methadone or buprenorphine) via mobile medication units (MMUs). To evaluate barriers to OAT, logistic regression was used to compare opioid dependent patients enrolled in NJ-MATI to those entering treatment ...
Kiel Richard G - - 2013
Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF) has become an increasingly common problem, accounting for as many as half of all diagnoses of heart failure. Hypertension has been shown to be a major risk factor for the development of HPEF, and the treatment of hypertension is key to both preventing ...
Turner Daniel - - 2013
Objectives. Although testosterone-lowering medications (TLM) are a frequently used addition to psychotherapy in sex offender treatment, discord still seems to exist amongst clinicians as to in which cases administering TLM is justified. The depo-Provera scale (DPS), which was published by Maletzky and Field (Aggress Violent Behav 2003;8:391), assesses the appropriateness ...
Green Richard James - - 2013
Frey syndrome classically causes gustatory sweating and facial flushing. We describe 2 cases in which medical thermography was used to investigate the symptoms. Images were taken after patients chewed a sialagogue and 2 weeks later they were given injections of botulinum toxin A. Images taken 4 weeks after treatment showed ...
Zyoud Sa Ed H - - 2013
The concepts of medication adherence and Treatment satisfactions are commonly used in clinical research for assessing pharmaceutical care and improving treatment outcomes. Generally, one would expect a positive relationship between the two concepts. The objectives of this study were to investigate the factors associated with adherence to antihypertensive therapy among ...
Sussman Jeremy - - 2013
Current guidelines for prescribing antihypertensive medications focus on reaching specific blood pressure targets. We sought to determine if antihypertensive medications could be used more effectively by a treatment strategy based on tailored estimates of cardiovascular disease (CVD) events prevented. We developed a nationally representative sample of American adults aged 30 ...
Sağlk Ayhan - - 2013
To present a case of corneal ulcer unresponsive to medical treatment, successfully treated with the use of ultraviolet (UV) A and riboflavin collagen crosslinking (CXL) administered twice. A 68-year-old diabetic male patient was diagnosed with unilateral severe corneal ulcer. Gram and Giemsa stains and corneal culture results were performed twice, ...
van Wattum Pieter Joost - - 2013
Abstract Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess whether polypharmacy regimens can be safely and effectively reduced for youth placed in a residential treatment center, and to assess the cost savings achieved from medication reductions. Methods: Data were collected for 131 youth ages 11-18, who were admitted to ...
Kantarci Orhun H - - 2013
We provide a focused review of novel immunomodulatory approaches for the treatment of multiple sclerosis, the most common acquired inflammatory demyelinating disease of humans. This request was stimulated by the emerging application of novel oral medications and the need for the practicing physician to place these within the treatment paradigm. ...
Honsvall Rosemas Sarah S Department of Psychiatry, Hennepin County Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN. Electronic address: - - 2013
Given the limited literature reporting on the medical comorbidity of patients attending psychiatric day treatment, we studied the medical status and care of a cohort of 100 patients for 1 year following enrollment in a day treatment program at a public sector hospital. Data were abstracted from electronic medical records ...
Hutcheson Nathan L - - 2013
We investigated the relationship between basal ganglia volume and treatment response to the atypical antipsychotic medication risperidone in unmedicated patients with schizophrenia. Basal ganglia volumes included the bilateral caudate, putamen, and pallidum and were measured using the Freesurfer automated segmentation pipeline in 23 subjects. Also, baseline symptom severity, duration of ...
Martelletti Paolo - - 2013
The medical treatment of patients with chronic primary headache syndromes (chronic migraine, chronic tension-type headache, chronic cluster headache, hemicrania continua) is challenging as serious side effects frequently complicate the course of medical treatment and some patients may be even medically intractable. When a definitive lack of responsiveness to conservative treatments ...
Riksheim Marianne - - 2013
Opioid maintenance treatment (OMT) is the most widely used treatment for opioid dependence. Maintenance programmes differ in various aspects and may also change over time. This paper investigates the changes in treatment practices within a national OMT programme during a 10year period (2002-2011), especially with regard to the prescribing of ...
Mei L - - 2013
A doctor was murdered at Wenling First People's Hospital in Zhejiang, China on October 25, 2013. During the incident, a patient assaulted three doctors, resulting in the death of one of the doctors. This incident has led to a heated discussion about the unhealthy doctor-patient relationship in China. There are ...
Kang Min-Gyu - - 2013
Long-term asthma management is recommended to asthmatics; however, many patients do not adhere to follow-up treatment. It is unclear why many asthmatics do not adhere to follow-up treatment and long-term clinical course after discontinuation of asthma management. This study investigates the factors associated with loss to follow-up and observes the ...
Altomare Donato F - - 2013
Introduction: Hemorrhoid disease is the cause of most proctologic complaints and hundreds of medical and surgical therapies have been proposed to relieve symptoms. However, the role and the correct indication of medical treatments are still controversial. Further, the utility of conservative measures are rarely scientifically supported by adequate trials. Areas ...
De Waele Liesbeth - - 2013
Over the past decades, it has become clear that the most efficient way to prevent status epilepticus is to stop the seizure as fast as possible, and early treatment of prolonged convulsive seizures has become an integral part of the overall treatment strategy in epilepsy. Benzodiazepines are the first choice ...
Janz Dieter - - 2013
The treatment of status epilepticus has changed over the past five decades since the first colloquium on status epilepticus, held in Marseille in 1962. New intravenous drugs, such as valproate, levetiracetam, lacosomide or ketamine and new routes of administration, such as intranasal or bucal, as well as high-class randomized clinical ...
Manning J Sloan - - 2013
College students with ADHD may need help to overcome symptoms that make studying, organizing and completing projects, and managing their time a challenge. In order to properly treat these patients, clinicians must correctly assess ADHD and comorbid conditions using rating scales and educate patients about their responsibility to reach their ...
Peyravi Mahmoudreza M Prehospital and Disaster Medicine Centre, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden ; Medical Schools, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IR - - 2013
Advanced ambulance service (Emergency Medical Services/EMS) is considered to be an integral part of emergency medical care as the first assets responding to emergencies and disasters in the prehospital setting in most developed countries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the current situation of Shiraz's EMS by comparing ...
Ingebrigtsen Truls S - - 2013
We wished to characterize under-treatment in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Among 5,812 individuals with COPD defined by forced expiratory volume in the first second/forced vital capacity (FEV1/FVC) less than 0.7, participating in The Copenhagen General Population Study, we identified 920 individuals with FEV1 less than 60% predicted. Prescriptions were ...
Clements Karen M - - 2013
An economic model evaluated the costs and outcomes of adjunctive clobazam therapy for Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS) compared with adjunctive lamotrigine, rufinamide, and topiramate. Clinical data were used to estimate baseline frequency and the percentage of drop-seizure reductions over 3months (all comparators) and 2years (rufinamide). Claims data from a large US ...
Esteves Helder José - - 2013
Purpose: The age of the patients, the presence of one or more chronic disorders and the patients' drug regimens can influence dental treatment and oral health. This is a prospective, descriptive study to identify subjects with compromised health who received dental treatment between November 2010 and June 2011 at private ...
Changizi Ashtiyani Saeed S Department of Physiology, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, IR - - 2013
Nocturnal enuresis has undoubtedly occurred since man's earliest days and the first references are found in the Ebers papyri of 1550 BC. The purpose of this study is to review of Rhazes opinion about diagnosis and treatment of nocturnal enuresis and compare his belief and clinical methods with modern medical ...
Shin Myung Seok - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the outcome, and optimal duration of medical treatment in children with superior mesenteric artery syndrome (SMAS). Eighteen children with SMAS were retrospectively studied. The data reviewed included demographics, presenting symptoms, co-morbid conditions, clinical courses, nutritional status, treatments, and outcomes. The three most ...
Kucukarslan Suzan N - - 2013
Treatment beliefs and illness consequence have been shown to impact medication adherence in patients with years of asthma experience. These relationships are unknown in patients with early experience. The purpose was to test the relationship between illness consequence, treatment beliefs, treatment satisfaction and medication adherence intentions in healthy subjects exposed ...
Johnston Josephine - - 2013
A response to Anne Haehl's commentary, "Fertility Treatment: Medically Necessary?"
Januzzi Eduardo - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of self-care combined with anti-inflammatory medications in the treatment of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain associated with disc displacement without reduction (DDWOR). A systematic review of randomized clinical trials was done by the authors. The databases searched were Medline (1966 to ...
Kane M - - 2013
Treatment of Latent Tuberculosis Infection (LTBI) is an important component of any TB control strategy. Acceptance and completion of treatment is poor. We undertook this study to identify barriers to acceptance & completion of treatment. Patients attending TB clinics completed a self-administered survey. Medical notes and electronic pharmacy records were ...
- - 2013
Giant prolactinomas are extremely rare in the pediatric population. We describe the case of a giant prolactinoma in a girl aged 14 years and 9 months old presented with delayed puberty. Medical treatment with dopamine agonist cabergoline resulted in a rapid normalization of prolactine levels and an impressive shrinkage and ...
Landy Stephen H - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the factors that influence a migraineur's beliefs regarding oral triptans for the acute treatment of migraines and to provide further insight into patients' decision-making process when faced with migraine. METHODS: A multicenter, cross-sectional, observational study of subjects currently prescribed an oral triptan medication for the acute treatment ...
Bonnet Michael H - - 2013
This review will examine objective physiological abnormalities and medical comorbidities associated with insomnia and assess the need to measure parameters associated with these abnormalities for diagnosis and to monitor treatment outcomes. Findings are used to develop a decision tree for the work-up of insomnia patients. Currently available measures and those with ...
Jerry Jason M - - 2013
People addicted to opiates are more likely to avoid returning to these drugs if they participate in a program that includes taking maintenance doses of methadone or buprenorphine than with an abstinence program. Although medical opinion has long been divided on the issue of abstinence vs medication-assisted treatment, the latter ...
Liu Chong - - 2013
With an annual incidence of 50/100,000 people, nearly 1% of the population suffers from epilepsy. Treatment with antiepileptic medication fails to achieve seizure remission in 20-30% of patients. One treatment option for refractory epilepsy patients who would not otherwise be surgical candidates is electrical stimulation of the brain, which is ...
Wong Angela T T - - 2013
In this clinical report, we describe the medical history, diagnosis and prosthodontic treatment of a 61-year-old man with a previous history of oral cancer. Loss of a full upper denture and severe erosion of his teeth prompted the patient to seek treatment at the dental clinic at the British Columbia ...
Grigera Daniel E - - 2013
The aim of this research was to assess the level of agreement among glaucoma experts in Latin America on key practices related to treatment and diagnosis of glaucoma. An online questionnaire was sent to a multinational panel of glaucoma experts. The questionnaire contained 107 statements on the medical treatment (Part ...
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