Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 222
1 2 3 4 5 >
Alrazeeni Daifallah D Prince Sultan Bin AbdulAziz College of Emergency Medical Services, Al-Malaz, King Saud University, PO Box 25063, Riyadh 11466, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Tel. +966 (11) 2097928. E-mail. - - 2014
To evaluate infection control and the incidence of bacterial pathogens in Emergency Medical Service (EMS) ambulances in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The effectiveness of fumigation techniques used for these ambulances to minimize the spread of infection to transported patients and pre-hospital care providers was also assessed. Based on previous literature review ...
Madsen H H Parasitology and Aquatic Diseases, Department of Veterinary Disease Biology, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
Freshwater snails have received much attention for their role as intermediate hosts for trematodes causing disease in people and animals such as schistosomiasis and various food-borne trematodes. While effective medical treatment exists for some of these diseases there is need for preventive measures to reduce transmission, e.g. control of intermediate ...
Stout Robert L RL Decision Sciences Institute, Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Pawtucket, RI, - - 2014
We use intensive longitudinal data methods to illuminate processes affecting patients' drinking in relation to the discontinuation of medications within an alcohol treatment study. Although previous work has focused on broad measures of medication adherence, we focus on dynamic changes in drinking both before and after patients discontinue. We conducted ...
Toro Beatriz Elizabeth Carmona BE Questions or comments about this article may be directed to Beatriz Elizabeth Carmona Toro, MSN FNP-BC CNRN, at elizabeth_nso@hotmail.com. She is a Nurse Practitioner at Neurological Services of Orlando, Orlando, - - 2014
Restless leg syndrome (RLS), also known as Willis-Ekbom disease, is a condition that includes sensations such as crawling, tingling, or aching in the limbs and creates an urge to move. The prevalence is estimated at 3% to 15% of the population and may present as primary RLS or secondary RLS. ...
Soran Ozlem O Heart and Vascular Institute, University of Pittsburgh, 200 Lothrop Street, Scaife Hall S-623, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Medically refractory angina pectoris (RAP) is defined by presence of severe angina with objective evidence of ischemia and failure to relieve symptoms with coronary revascularization. Medication and invasive revascularization are the most common approaches for treating coronary artery disease (CAD). Although symptoms are eliminated or alleviated by these invasive approaches, ...
Dantas-Torres F F Department of Immunology, Aggeu Magalhães Research Centre, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Recife, PE, Brazil; Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari, Valenzano, Bari, - - 2014
Medical and Veterinary Entomology (MVE) represents a leading periodical in its field and covers many aspects of the biology and control of insects, ticks, mites and other arthropods of medical and veterinary importance. Since the first issue of the journal, researchers working in both developed and developing countries have published ...
Judson Marc A MA Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine (MAJ, HC, DRC), Albany Medical College, Albany, New York; and Division of Pulmonary (AEO), Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, Georgetown University Hospital, Washington, District of - - 2014
Presently, there are no medications approved by regulatory bodies for the treatment of noncystic fibrosis bronchiectasis (NCFB). In addition, most techniques/devices to enhance mucociliary clearance in NCFB have not been rigorously evaluated. Therefore, we performed a Delphi study of clinical experts concerning the treatment of NCFB. Ten individuals with extensive ...
Trinkley Katy E KE University of Colorado, Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Aurora, Colo., - - 2014
Background: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a complex syndrome that is difficult to manage. Here we present the evidence supporting medication treatments for specific IBS symptoms, discuss evidence-based management of IBS with medications including dose regimens and adverse effects and review progress on research for new IBS treatments. Summary: Currently, ...
Knappich Moritz M aDepartment of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Technical University of Munich bDepartment of Psychology, Ludwig Maximilians University Munich, Munich, - - 2014
Pharmacotherapy still seems to play a major role in the treatment of patients suffering from borderline personality disorder (BPD). However, little is known about psychiatrists' detailed perspective on indication and significance of medication. A total of 233 psychiatrists in the city of Munich and in Upper Bavaria were asked by ...
Moynihan Ray R Centre for Research in Evidence-Based Practice, Bond University, Robina, Queensland, - - 2014
Ray Moynihan and colleagues outline suggestions for improving the way that medical evidence is produced, analysed, and interpreted to avoid problems of overdiagnosis and overtreatment. Please see later in the article for the Editors' Summary.
Jacobs Bret C BC Department of Family & Community Medicine, Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, 500 University Drive, Mail Code HP 06, Hershey, PA 17033, USA; Department of Orthopaedics & Rehabilitation, Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, 500 University Drive, Mail Code HP 06, Hershey, PA 17033, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
There are various treatments for musculoskeletal-related conditions, including the use of durable medical equipment (DME). Numerous DME devices are currently available. This article addresses several of the common DME devices used for treating upper and lower extremity orthopedic conditions.
Ahmad A A Department of Pharmacy Practice, Annamalai University, Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu, - - 2014
Many of the studies have investigated the prevalence and nature of self-medication. It is a common type of self-care behavior among the populace of various countries. World Health Organization promotes the practice of self-medication for effective and quick relief of symptoms without medical consultations to reduce the burden on health-care ...
Bragg D Cristopher DC Department of Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, - - 2014
Oral medication, botulinum toxin injections, and deep brain stimulation are the current mainstays of treatment for dystonia. In addition, physical and other supportive therapies may help prevent further complications (eg, contractures) and improve function. This review discusses evidence-based medical treatment of dystonia with an emphasis on recent advances in treatment. ...
Sabella Donna D Donna Sabella is a mental health nurse and assistant clinical professor and director of global studies at the Drexel University College of Nursing and Health Professions in Philadelphia. She also coordinates Mental Health Matters: ds842@drexel.edu. The author has disclosed no potential conflicts of interest, financial or - - 2014
When medication is not enough-will this experimental treatment present a cure?
Fieni F F Department of Biotechnology and Pathology of Reproduction, Oniris, Nantes-Atlantic National College of Veterinary Medicine, Food Science and Engineering, Nantes, - - 2014
Pyometra is a reproductive disorder very common in bitches over 8 years of age in which physiological effects of progesterone on the uterus play a major role. The traditional therapy for pyometra is ovariohysterectomy. The main advantage of ovariohysterectomy over medical management is that it is both curative and preventive for ...
Castrioto Anna A Movement Disorder Unit, Department of Psychiatry and Neurology, CHU de Grenoble, Joseph Fourier University, Grenoble, France INSERM, Unité 836, Grenoble Institut des Neurosciences, Grenoble, France Clinica Neurologica, Università degli Studi di Perugia, Perugia, - - 2014
Impulse control disorders (ICD), including pathological gambling, are common in Parkinson's disease (PD) and tend to improve after subthalamic (STN) stimulation after a marked reduction of dopaminergic medication. In order to investigate the effect of STN stimulation on impulsive decision making, we used the Iowa Gambling task (IGT). We investigated ...
Varothai Supenya S Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, - - 2014
Androgenetic alopecia (AGA) is one of the most common chronic problems seen by dermatologists worldwide. It is characterized by progressive hair loss, especially of scalp hair, and has distinctive patterns of loss in women versus men, but in both genders the central scalp is most severely affected. It often begins ...
Tsai Shih-Hao SH Department of Ophthalmology, E-Da Hospital/I-Shou University , Kaohsiung , Taiwan - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: We report two cases of Alternaria keratitis refractory to the conventional antifungal medical treatment successfully treated with subconjunctival fluconazole injection. Methods: Report of two cases. Results: After subconjunctival injection of fluconazole (2 mg/mL) 0.5 mL twice a day for 5 days then once a day till 14 days, two cases ...
Nakamura Masato M Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Ohashi Medical Center, Toho University School of Medicine, 2-17-6 Ohashi, Meguro-ku, Tokyo, 153-8515, Japan, - - 2014
The impact of the fractional flow reserve (FFR) on clinical decision-making remains unclear in daily practice. The CVIT-DEFER registry is a prospective multicenter registry enrolling consecutive patients with angiographically intermediate coronary stenosis for whom FFR measurement is clinically indicated. The treatment strategy determined from angiographic findings alone and the strategy ...
Bassotti Gabrio G Gabrio Bassotti, Gastroenterology and Hepatology Section, Department of Medicine, University of Perugia, 06156 Perugia, - - 2014
Chronic constipation is a frequently encountered disorder in clinical practice. Most constipated patients benefit from standard medical approaches. However, current therapies may fail in a proportion of patients. These patients deserve better evaluation and thorough investigations before their labeling as refractory to treatment. Indeed, several cases of apparent refractoriness are ...
Perrin Adam E AE Department of Family Medicine, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington, CT, USA. Email: - - 2014
The impact of ADHD depends on an individual's symptoms and chosen sport, which, along with specific medication recommendations and cautions, help direct treatment choices.
Jose Biju B Consultant in Endocrinology and Diabetes in the Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes University Hospital of North Staffordshire, Stoke-on-Trent ST4 - - 2014
Hyperprolactinaemia is a common endocrine abnormality. Causes are multifactorial. Medication use contributes a considerable amount, with psychotropics often implicated, although underlying hypothalamic-pituitary pathology can co-exist. This article discusses the management of hyperprolactinaemia during psychotropic use.
Stuck Boris A BA Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital Mannheim, Theodor-Kutzer-Ufer 1-3, 68167, Mannheim, Germany, - - 2014
This guideline aims to promote high-quality care by medical specialists for subjects who snore and is designed for everyone involved in the diagnosis and treatment of snoring in an in- or outpatient setting. To date, a satisfactory definition of snoring is lacking. Snoring is caused by a vibration of soft ...
Litten Raye Z RZ National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism Clinical Investigations Group (NCIG) (RZL, MR, DF, JF), Division of Treatment and Recovery Research, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Bethesda, - - 2014
The process of developing pharmacological treatments for alcohol use disorder is notoriously complex and challenging. The path to market is long, costly, and inefficient. One way of expediting and reducing the drug development process is through collaborations-building partnerships among government, academia, pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies, healthcare organizations and advocacy groups, ...
Marzullo Laurie R - - 2014
Agitation is a chief complaint that causes many children and adolescents to present to emergency medical attention. There are many reasons for acute agitation, including toxicologic, neurologic, infectious, metabolic, and functional disorders. At times it may be necessary to pharmacologically treat the agitation to prevent harm to the patient, caregivers, ...
Johari Veena V Courtyard Attorneys, 47/1345, MIG Adarshnagar, Worli, Mumbai 400 030. - - 2014
On September 13, 2013, the Supreme Court absolved Dr Praful Desai, an oncologist, of conviction on the charge of criminal medical negligence in the treatment of one of his patients. This article examines the judgment of the Supreme Court in the light of medical negligence and criminal jurisprudence.
Kristoffersen Espen Saxhaug ES Department of General Practice, Institute of Health and Society, University of Oslo, Oslo, and Research Centre, Akershus University Hospital, Lørenskog, - - 2014
Medication-overuse headache (MOH) is one of the most common chronic headache disorders and a public health problem with a worldwide prevalence of 1-2%. It is a condition characterized by chronic headache and overuse of different headache medications, and withdrawal of the overused medication is recognised as the treatment of choice. ...
Deepti - - 2014
To determine the incidence of central line associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) in the medical intensive care unit (ICU) and ward setting at All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi. The study was conducted in the medical ICU, a 9-bedded ICU at the AIIMS, a tertiary care teaching hospital. ...
Di Rienzo Businco Lino L Department of Otorhinolaryngology, S. Spirito Hospital, Rome, - - 2014
Allergic rhinitis (AR) presents as the main and most invasive symptom in the blocking of the nose. This condition is almost always related to hypertrophy of the inferior turbinates. When the medical treatments are found to be insufficient to solve the obstructive symptom of the patient, the quality of life ...
Singh Sanjay P SP Department of Neurology, Creighton University School of Medicine, Omaha, Nebraska, - - 2014
Refractory status epilepticus is a potentially life-threatening medical emergency. It requires early diagnosis and treatment. There is a lack of consensus upon its semantic definition of whether it is status epilepticus that continues despite treatment with benzodiazepine and one antiepileptic medication (AED), i.e., Lorazepam + phenytoin. Others regard refractory status ...
Woody George E GE a Penn/VA Addiction Treatment & Research Center, Department of Psychiatry , Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and the Treatment Research Institute , Philadelphia , - - 2014
ABSTRACT This paper briefly reviews the development of treatment for substance use disorders over the last 100 years from the perspective of the author, who has participated in treatment outcome studies since the mid-1970s. It includes some personal events that contributed to my involvement in addiction treatment and research, and describes ...
Giustina Andrea A Chair of Endocrinology, University of Brescia, via Biseo 17, 25100 Brescia, - - 2014
In March 2013, the Acromegaly Consensus Group met to revise and update guidelines for the medical treatment of acromegaly. The meeting comprised experts skilled in the medical management of acromegaly. The group considered treatment goals covering biochemical, clinical and tumour volume outcomes, and the place in guidelines of somatostatin receptor ...
Stürmer T T Department of Epidemiology, UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, - - 2014
Treatment effects, especially when comparing two or more therapeutic alternatives as in comparative effectiveness research, are likely to be heterogeneous across age, gender, co-morbidities and co-medications. Propensity scores (PSs), an alternative to multivariable outcome models to control for measured confounding, have specific advantages in the presence of heterogeneous treatment effects. ...
McQuoid-Mason D J - - 2014
Doctors who hasten the termination of the lives of their patients by withholding or withdrawing treatment or prescribing a potentially fatal palliative dose of medication satisfy the elements of intention and causation of a charge of murder against them. However, the courts have held that, for policy reasons based on ...
Suay Ricardo Navarro RN Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care, Central Hospital of Defense "Gómez Ulla", Glorieta del Ejército s/n, CP: 28047 Madrid, - - 2014
Since 1987, the Spanish Armed Forces have deployed their troops in a multitude of conflicts and natural disasters worldwide. The Spanish Military Medical Corps has the ability to deploy Role 1, Role 2, and one Role 3 medical treatment facilities. It also has a Role 4 in operation, the "Gómez ...
Wood Kyle D KD Department of Urology, Wake Forest Baptist Health, Winston-Salem, NC, - - 2014
The objective of this review article is to present the current literature on medical expulsive therapy (MET) and help guide practitioners in the appropriate use of MET for treatment of stone disease. Kidney stones can be treated with multiple modalities including medical therapy, ureteroscopy, shock wave lithotripsy (SWL), percutaneous nephrostolithotomy, ...
Prieto Maria Luz ML Eco-Innovation Research Centre, Department of Chemical and Life Sciences, Waterford Institute of Technology, Waterford, - - 2014
Forty eight individual pigs (8.7±0.26 kg) weaned at 28±1 d of age were used in a 22-d study to evaluate the effect of oral administration of a Bacillus pumilus spore suspension on growth performance and health indicators. Treatments (nā€Š=ā€Š16) were: (1) non-medicated diet; (2) medicated diet with apramycin (200 mg/kg) ...
Shariff Ayesha A University of New Mexico School of Medicine. - - 2014
Acne vulgaris is a pervasive inflammatory disorder of the skin, with multiple etiologies and treatment options. Although first-line therapies exist, it is often the case that a patient will present with an underlying disorder that prohibits the use of most currently accepted treatment modalities. We present a patient with severe ...
Sanghera Sabina S Health Economics Unit, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United - - 2014
To undertake an economic evaluation alongside the largest randomised controlled trial comparing Levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine device ('LNG-IUS') and usual medical treatment for women with menorrhagia in primary care; and compare the cost-effectiveness findings using two alternative measures of quality of life. 571 women with menorrhagia from 63 UK centres were randomised ...
Sponchiado Emilio C - - 2014
Background : Due to the complex anatomy of the root canal system, biomechanical preparation is not able to completely eliminate all microorganisms present in the endodontic infections, making it necessary the use of an intracanal medication. Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the antimicrobial activity of an ...
Paczkowska Anna - - 2014
In adolescents, arterial hypertension (AH) is diagnosed much more frequently than previously thought--it affects 3.2% of the population aged 11-18. In Poland, at present, there are no cost analyses of treatment arterial hypertension among adolescents. The aim of the conducted studies was to analyze direct medical and non-medical costs in ...
Gregoriou Stamatis S Second Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Attikon Hospital, University of Athens Medical School, Athens, - - 2014
Acne vulgaris is a common inflammatory chronic disease of the pilosebaceous unit. It often requires long-term treatment, resulting in increased demand for topical medications that are popular with patients in order to achieve long-term compliance. Tazarotene foam 0.1% is a novel formulation of tazarotene. We review efficacy and tolerability studies ...
Kristoffersen Espen Saxhaug ES Research Centre, Akershus University Hospital, Lørenskog, Norway ; Department of Neurology, Akershus University Hospital, Nordbyhagen, Norway ; Department of General Practice, Institute of Health and Society, University of Oslo, Oslo, - - 2014
Medication-overuse headache (MOH) is a worldwide health problem with a prevalence of 1%-2%. It is a severe form of headache where the patients often have a long history of headache and of unsuccessful treatments. MOH is characterized by chronic headache and overuse of different headache medications. Through the years, withdrawal ...
Reichlin Massimo M Faculty of Philosophy, University Vita-Salute San Raffaele, Milan, - - 2014
A general rationale is presented for withholding and withdrawing medical treatment in end-of-life situations, and an argument is offered for the moral irrelevance of the distinction, both in the context of pharmaceutical treatments, such as chemotherapy in cancer, and in the context of life-sustaining treatments, such as the artificial ventilator ...
Taghipour Hassan H Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, - - 2014
Treating hazardous-infectious medical waste can be carried out on-site or off-site of health-care establishments. Nevertheless, the selection between on-site and off-site locations for treating medical waste sometimes is a controversial subject. Currently in Iran, due to policies of Health Ministry, the hospitals have selected on-site-treating method as the preferred treatment. ...
Khandheria Mili - - 2013
Psychosis is a recognized but often forgotten side effect of many commonly prescribed medications. A case of psychosis in a 27-year-old female related to metronidazole treatment is presented along with review of possible mechanisms. The onset and resolution of psychosis appeared to coincide with metronidazole treatment. Clinicians should be aware ...
Hall Gerod G The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University, 633 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10017, - - 2013
The New Jersey Medication Assisted Treatment Initiative (NJ-MATI) sought to reduce barriers to treatment by providing free, opioid agonist treatment (OAT, methadone or buprenorphine) via mobile medication units (MMUs). To evaluate barriers to OAT, logistic regression was used to compare opioid dependent patients enrolled in NJ-MATI to those entering treatment ...
Kiel Richard G - - 2013
Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF) has become an increasingly common problem, accounting for as many as half of all diagnoses of heart failure. Hypertension has been shown to be a major risk factor for the development of HPEF, and the treatment of hypertension is key to both preventing ...
Turner Daniel - - 2013
Objectives. Although testosterone-lowering medications (TLM) are a frequently used addition to psychotherapy in sex offender treatment, discord still seems to exist amongst clinicians as to in which cases administering TLM is justified. The depo-Provera scale (DPS), which was published by Maletzky and Field (Aggress Violent Behav 2003;8:391), assesses the appropriateness ...
Green Richard James - - 2013
Frey syndrome classically causes gustatory sweating and facial flushing. We describe 2 cases in which medical thermography was used to investigate the symptoms. Images were taken after patients chewed a sialagogue and 2 weeks later they were given injections of botulinum toxin A. Images taken 4 weeks after treatment showed ...
1 2 3 4 5 >