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Branda John A JA From the Department of Pathology, Division of Laboratories and Molecular Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
The scope of activities performed by clinical laboratory directors is sometimes unfamiliar to other physicians or hospital administrators. Consequently, hospital leadership may undervalue the role and assume that many director level activities could be delegated to a professional manager. In this study, we sought to define the activities of academic ...
Corbett Susan H SH From the UNC Pelvic Pain Research Center, Division of Advanced Laparoscopy and Pelvic Pain, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, the School of Social Work, and the Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Center for Neurosensory Disorders, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, and the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Minimally Invasive Gynecologic Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann - - 2014
To identify trends in compounding pharmacies with a focus on women's health and, more specifically, the types and combinations of medications used in the treatment of vulvodynia. This survey study was conducted with 653 nonchain pharmacies that compound medications. Each pharmacy was asked to complete a 19-item online survey assessing ...
Rood Janis M - - 2014
To determine the degree in variation of oral liquid pediatric compounding practices in Michigan pharmacies. Cross-sectional survey study. All types of inpatient and outpatient pharmacies across the state of Michigan, excluding nuclear pharmacies and long-term care facilities. 244 Michigan pharmacies. An online survey tool was used to assess the current ...
Maa Edward E Comprehensive Epilepsy Program Denver Health and Hospitals, Denver, Colorado, U.S.A; Department of Neurology, University of Colorado, Denver, Colorado, - - 2014
Charlotte, a little girl with SCN1A-confirmed Dravet syndrome, was recently featured in a special that aired on CNN. Through exhaustive personal research and assistance from a Colorado-based medical marijuana group (Realm of Caring), Charlotte's mother started adjunctive therapy with a high concentration cannabidiol/Δ(9) -tetrahydrocannabinol (CBD:THC) strain of cannabis, now known ...
Valera Marcia Carneiro - - 2014
This in vitro study sought to evaluate the biomechanical preparation action on microorganisms and endotoxins by using sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and an intracanal medication containing Zingiber officinale, with or without calcium hydroxide. Single-rooted teeth were contaminated, and root canal instrumentation (using 2.5% NaOCl) was performed. Samples were divided into 4 ...
Leech Kristan Anne KA Northwestern University, Interdepartmental Neuroscience Program, 320 E. Superior St , Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago , Sensory Motor Performance Program, 345 E. Superior St, Chicago , Illinois, United States, 60611, 312-238-6538 ; - - 2014
Incomplete spinal cord injury (iSCI) often results in significant motor impairments that lead to decreased functional mobility. Loss of descending serotonergic (5HT) input to spinal circuits is thought to contribute to motor impairments, with enhanced motor function demonstrated through augmentation of 5HT signaling. However, the presence of spastic motor behaviors ...
Deming Timothy J TJ Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA; Department of Bioengineering, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, - - 2014
There have been many recent advances in the controlled polymerization of α-amino acid-N-carboxyanhydride (NCA) monomers into well-defined block copolypeptides. Transition metal initiating systems allow block copolypeptide synthesis with excellent control over number and lengths of block segments, chain length distribution, and chain-end functionality. Using this and other methods, block copolypeptides ...
Hull Claire M CM Swansea University, College of Medicine, Institute of Life Science: Microbes & Immunity, SA2 8PP, Wales, - - 2014
Reducing indiscriminate antimicrobial usage to combat the expansion of multidrug-resistant human-pathogenic bacteria is fundamental to clinical antibiotic stewardship. In contrast to bacteria, fungal resistance traits are not understood to be propagated via mobile genetic elements, and it has been proposed that a global explosion of resistance to medical antifungals is ...
Goodarzi Navid - - 2014
This article has been presented by pharmacists of the Razi Hospital Pharmacy, which is located within the Dermatology Center of Tehran University of Medical Sciences in Tehran, Iran, and by members of the staff at the Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Discussed within this article are the legalization and regulation ...
da Silva Ana Rita Marques AR PhD Student, Department of Endodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Porto, Porto, - - 2014
The present study aims to evaluate the antimicrobial effect of two new intracanal preparations against E. faecalis. Thirty single-rooted human canine teeth were used. The crowns were removed and the roots were instrumented using a conventional technique. Three groups of ten teeth each were infected with 108 CFU/ ml of ...
Naftali Timna T Institute of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Meir Medical Center, Kfar Saba, - - 2014
The marijuana plant Cannabis sativa has been used for centuries as a treatment for a variety of ailments. It contains over 60 different cannabinoid compounds. Studies have revealed that the endocannabinoid system is involved in almost all major immune events. Cannabinoids may, therefore, be beneficial in inflammatory disorders. In murine ...
Ono Yuko - - 2013
Prehospital time is crucial for treating acute disease; therefore, it is important to activate helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) promptly. We investigated the differences in the activation intervals (the time elapsed from receiving the emergency call to the time of HEMS request) under various conditions to evaluate the current status ...
Appleby Brian S - - 2013
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia and a major cause of morbidity and mortality. The greatest risk factor for AD is age and as many countries are experiencing an aging population, the expected rise in AD threatens to have serious medical and socioeconomic impact in the ...
Khan Dawood Ali - - 2013
Present study deals with the demonstration of the antibacterial activity of very common medicinal plants of Pakistani origin i.e., Phyllantus emblica, Coriandrum sativum, Culinaris medic, Lawsonia alba and Cucumis sativus. The extracts were prepared in crude form by the use of hydro-alcoholic solution and were screened for antibacterial activity against ...
McElhiney Linda F LF Indiana University Health, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA. - - 2013
Pharmacists can play an active role in preventing tragic medication errors by using United States Pharmacopeia standards, as well as other compounding guidelines, by using due diligence, and by following written standard operating procedures. Nimodipine is shown within this article as an example of the importance of proper dosing of ...
Allen Loyd V LV Jr International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding, Edmond, OK 73034, USA. - - 2013
Tar has been used throughout history for numerous purposes; from sealing the hulls of ships to sealing roofs of dwellings and even for medical purposes. Produced by destructive distillation, commonly used tars are prepared from coal and wood. Coal tar, juniper tar, and pine tar are used for various medical ...
McElhiney Linda F - - 2013
Recently, third-party payers have been closely scrutinizing compounded medications that are dispensed in hospital-based outpatient pharmacies. Insurance claims are being rejected for reasons that defy logic. Working with third-party payers and receiving reimbursement for compounded medications can be frustrating and complicated; however, simple measures can be taken to optimize reimbursement ...
van Oijen Brigit - - 2013
Background Medication surveillance is not commonly performed for cytotoxic agents. Cytotoxic agents generally have a narrow therapeutic range and therefore it might be necessary to adjust the dose. Interactions may not only cause supratherapeutic ranges, but can also lead to subtherapeutic levels. Up till now, only a few studies have ...
Stolker A A M - - 2013
Different compound feeds have to be manufactured in the same production line. As a consequence, traces of the first produced feed may remain in the production and get mixed with the next feed batches. This "carry-over" is unavoidable, and so non-medicated feed can be contaminated with veterinary drugs like antibiotics ...
Garcia Sandra N - - 2013
Cytotoxicity measurements are often performed to evaluate the biocompatibility of medical device materials. Here, we describe the use of a real-time cell analyzer (RTCA) system for the investigation of biocompatibility of medical devices by comparing RTCA results to two distinct methods described in the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) guidelines. ...
Cooney William P WP - - 2013
Hydrocortisone (cortisol) is used daily in the practice of medicine and hand surgery. It has an effective use in a number of orthopedic conditions, including tendinitis, tenovaginitis, bursitis, carpal tunnel syndrome, and joint inflammation. But are surgeons aware of how this important pharmaceutical agent was discovered and prepared for clinical ...
Govindji Nishal - - 2013
AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate a commercial antimicrobial formulation, Byotrol(™) G32, as a potential coating for impeding biofilm formation on medical devices such as urinary catheters. METHODS AND RESULTS: The antimicrobial activity of Byotrol(™) G32 and its individual constituents have been tested on planktonic and biofilm ...
Carvalho Carla Marisa Brito - - 2013
Tetrabenzoporphyrins have attracted considerable worldwide attention over the last few decades. Since the discovery of these pigments, chemists, biologists, medical professionals and material scientists have devoted pronounced efforts in order to develop synthetic methods and discover useful applications for these compounds. Nowadays, tetrabenzoporphyrins occupy a prominent position in porphyrin chemistry, ...
Spanarello Stefano - - 2013
The depot antipsychotics are synthesized by esterification of the active drug to a long chain fatty acid and the resultant compound is then dissolved in a vegetable oil, with the exception of some molecules of new generation characterized by microcrystalline technologies. The absorption rate constant is slower than the elimination ...
Williams LaVonn A - - 2013
Pediatric healthcare, to include compounded medications, is a challenge for healthcare providers. Although current studies have provided important new information about drug safety and effectiveness for children, carrying out studies in children is difficult. Age-appropriate equipment and medical techniques, along with specialists who are sensitive to a child's concerns, are ...
Anghel Ion - - 2013
Prosthetic medical device-associated infections are responsible for significant morbidity and mortality rates. Novel improved materials and surfaces exhibiting inappropriate conditions for microbial development are urgently required in the medical environment. This study reveals the benefit of using natural Mentha piperita essential oil, combined with a 5 nm core/shell nanosystem-improved surface ...
Farac Roberta Vieira - - 2013
This ex vivo study evaluated the antibacterial effect of intracanal medications in root canals contaminated with Enterococcus faecalis. Fifty single-rooted human teeth were contaminated with E. faecalis (ATCC 29212) and incubated at 37°C for 21 days. The specimens were randomly divided into 5 groups according to the intracanal medication used: ...
Demirci Goktug G Department of Ophthalmology, Medipol University Hospital, 34800 Istanbul, - - 2013
Purpose. To report a case of medication-resistant acanthamoeba keratitis (AK) treated successfully by corneal crosslinking (CXL). Methods. A 26-year-old male with medication-resistant AK underwent a standard CXL procedure with local anesthesia, followed by central corneal epithelial debridement, application of riboflavin 0.1%, and UV-A irradiation. Results. The patient experienced a dramatic ...
Thomas Ben M BM Chelsea Westminster Hospital, London, - - 2013
The development of biomedical technology is allowing refinement of drug therapies in order to improve medication profiles and benefit patients. Gabapentin (Gp) is a medication licensed globally for various indications, including postherpetic neuralgia. It has a pharmacokinetic profile which has been suggested may limit its clinical effects and reduce medication ...
Shepherd Robert K - - 2012
The full text of the Preface is given in the PDF file. References [1] Nagayam B A et al 2012 J. Neural Eng. 9 065001 [2] Wise A K et al 2012 J. Neural Eng. 9 065002 [3] Davis T S et al 2012 J. Neural Eng. 9 065003 [4] ...
Hill Katie - - 2012
The objective of this case report was to review acquired canine urethral incontinence in a case of a 2-year-old beagle that presented for inappropriate urination. Commercially available medications, as well as compounded medical therapeutic options, were reviewed. Diagnostic results revealed cystitis, which responded to the prescribed antibiotics. The incontinence issue ...
Hebeish Ali - - 2013
Innovative CMC-based hydrogels with great potentials for usage in medical area were principally synthesized as per two strategies .The first involved reaction of epichlorohydrin in alkaline medium containing silver nitrate to yield silver nano-particles (AgNPs)-loaded CMC hydrogel. While CMC acted as stabilizing for AgNPs, trisodium citrate was added to the ...
Reynolds N D - - 2012
A satellite compound of an International Security Assistance Force Patrol Base came under assault during OP HERRICK 12 resulting in eight casualties. Multiple fragmentation type injuries were sustained over a short period of time which tested the locations medical capacity. This account describes the events that occurred in extracting and ...
Hanada Hiroaki - - 2012
Antidepressant discontinuation syndrome (ADS) occurs after abrupt discontinuation of an antidepressant medication. A 23-year-old man with right hippocampal agenesis demonstrated sexual crime (hypersexuality) since the age of eight and had been successfully treated with carbamazepine since the age of 13. He had required increased doses of paroxetine and carbamazepine owing ...
Belavic Jennifer M - - 2012
Many new medications were approved throughout 2011. This article will cover a variety of drugs that will be useful in nurse practitioner practice.
Barish Robert J - - 2012
ABSTRACT:: It seems obvious that if a significant increase in occupancy occurs in the immediate vicinity of any radiation room a reexamination of the adequacy of the shielding should be performed. We discuss a facility where a new building was constructed in close proximity to an existing medical linear accelerator ...
Burford Bryan - - 2012
Medical Education 2012: 46: 143-152 Context  The clinical workplace in which doctors learn involves many social groups, including representatives of different professions, clinical specialties and workplace teams. This paper suggests that medical education research does not currently take full account of the effects of group membership, and describes a theoretical ...
Rafie Sally - - 2012
Purpose An initiative to improve procedures and safeguards for inpatient oral contraceptive use at an academic medical center is described. Summary A retrospective chart review was conducted to determine patterns of oral contraceptive use and potential areas for quality improvement. During the six-month period covered by the chart review, a ...
Levine David - - 2012
Medical Education 2012: 46 : 153-162 Context  Aphorisms are succinct sayings that offer advice. They have permanently coloured medical culture and inhabit it in the same way as uncertainty; they are acknowledged, but rarely explored. Little has been written analytically or critically about the meanings and purposes of aphorisms in ...
Cambronero Saiz Belen - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To review the scientific literature on pharmaceutical advertising aimed at health professionals in order to determine whether gender bias has decreased and the quality of information in pharmaceutical advertising has improved over time. METHODS: We performed a content analysis of original articles dealing with medical drug promotion (1998-2008), according ...
Espina Ilse M - - 2012
Clevidipine butyrate is the first intravenous antihypertensive drug to be approved by the FDA over the last decade. This medication is approved for use in the USA, Australia and New Zealand, but is still pending for approval in Europe. It is a new agent that might change the current management ...
Tan Amy Chen Wee - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Rural settings challenge health care providers to provide optimal medication services in a manner that is timely and of high quality. Extending the roles of rural health care providers is often necessary to improve access to medication services; however, there appears to be a lack of pharmacy-based involvement and ...
Park Sun Young - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to examine the effects of medical notes (MD) in an electronic medical records (EMR) system on doctors' work practices at an Emergency Department (ED). METHODS: We conducted a six-month qualitative study, including in situ field observations and semi-structured interviews, in an ED affiliated ...
Lövquist Erik - - 2012
Background: The current focus on patient safety and evidence-based medical education has led to an increased interest in utilising virtual reality (VR) for medical training. The development of VR-based systems require experts from different disciplines to collaborate with shared and agreed objectives throughout a system's development process. Both the development ...
Walkup James T - - 2012
As part of the Mini-Sentinel pilot program, under contract with the Food and Drug Administration, an effort has been made to evaluate the validity of algorithms useful for identifying health outcomes of interest, including suicide and suicide attempt. Literature was reviewed to evaluate how well medical episodes associated with these ...
Barnes Thomas R E - - 2012
Nocturnal enuresis can be discomfiting and troublesome. There is increasing evidence that as a side-effect of second-generation antipsychotics, particularly clozapine, it may be underrecognised. Direct but sensitive questioning may be required to elicit this side-effect. We briefly review possible mechanisms of this problem, and management and treatment options.
Woollard Bob - - 2012
The acquisition of sums of knowledge and mastery of sophisticated technologies by medical graduates is insufficient for their responsibilities to recognise and adapt to people's evolving needs. A Global Consensus on Social Accountability for Medical Schools brought together 130 organisations and individuals from around the world with responsibility for health ...
Gardiner D - - 2012
There is growing medical consensus in a unifying concept of human death. All human death involves the irreversible loss of the capacity for consciousness, combined with the irreversible loss of the capacity to breathe. Death then is a result of the irreversible loss of these functions in the brain. This ...
Gallagher John M - - 2012
Patient and provider safety is paramount in all aspects of emergency medical services (EMS) systems. The leaders, administrators, and policymakers of these systems must have an understanding of situations that present potential for harm to patients or providers. This study analyzed reports to a statewide EMS safety event reporting system ...
Teal Cayla R - - 2012
Medical Education 2012: 46: 80-88 Context  For the last 30 years, developments in cognitive sciences have demonstrated that human behaviour, beliefs and attitudes are shaped by automatic and unconscious cognitive processes. Only recently has much attention been paid to how unconscious biases based on certain patient characteristics may: (i) result in ...
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