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Results 351 - 400 of 435
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Willmott Lindy - - 2010
The principle of autonomy underpins legal regulation of advance directives that refuse life-sustaining medical treatment. The primacy of autonomy in this domain is recognised expressly in the case law, through judicial pronouncement, and implicitly in most Australian jurisdictions, through enactment into statute of the right to make an advance directive. ...
Han Soon Hwa - - 2010
To develop effective ways of sharing patients' medical information, we developed a new medical information exchange system (MIES) based on a registry server, which enabled us to exchange different types of data generated by various systems. To assure that patient's medical information can be effectively exchanged under different system environments, ...
Castanheira L - - 2011
The worldwide volume of surgery is huge and the number of interventions performed is increasing as a result of advances in technological resources and refinement of medical teams' expertise, in a progressively elderly and sick population. Consequently, half of the general surgical patients take medications unrelated to surgery. Evidence-based guidelines ...
Lamichhane J - - 2010
The medical education system is in infancy in Nepal. There are many constrains at various levels. The numbers ofmedical colleges are increasing every year without considering for its quality by the concerned authorities. Nepal Medical Council is the authorized body to look for medical professionals in the country. Even though, ...
Moynihan Sean - - 2010
Statistical evidence has direct effects on the practice of medicine and the standards set by the profession. In turn, this has implications in medical negligence, particularly with respect to the standard of care expected of health care providers. In this article, we investigate the role that statistical evidence plays in ...
Syamsa R A - - 2010
This study reviews forensic entomological specimens analysed by the Department of Parasitology & Medical Entomology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia for the year 2004. A total of 10 cases (6 males and 4 females) were observed for the entomological specimens. Various types of death scenes were obtained including indoor and outdoor area ...
Izgi M Cumhur - - 2010
Every medical interference could be interpreted as an intervention into one's physical integrity and physical autonomy. This fact has brought along the necessity of determining the responsibilities of physicians, apotheosized throughout history from time to time, and to define the limits of the medical profession. The Turkish Penal Code (TPC) ...
Andrews Jonathan - - 2010
This article surveys evolving and competing medico-legal concepts of pyromania and insane arson. Exploiting evidence from medical jurisprudence, medico-legal publications, medical lexicography and case histories, it seeks to explicate the key positions in contemporary professional debates concerning arson and mental derangement. A major focus is the application of the doctrines ...
Ryu Hyeon Jeong - - 2010
This purpose of this paper is to introduce the status of the Asan Medical Center (AMC) medical information system with respect to healthcare quality improvement. Asan Medical Information System (AMIS) is projected to become a completely electronic and digital information hospital. AMIS has played a role in improving the health ...
Patel Isha - - 2010
Medical mistakes that include medication errors have raised concerns about medication safety. Due to high consumption of medicines and self-treatment by all, especially the aging population, the issue of proper medication use and safety is at the forefront of public health concerns globally. Each country has a different approach towards ...
Manini Alex F - - 2011
Poisoning is a significant public health threat as the second leading cause of injury-related death in the US. Disagreements on cause of death determination may have widespread implications across several realms of public health including policy and prevention efforts, interpretation of the poisoning literature, epidemiologic data analysis, medical-legal case outcomes, ...
Molnar Lisa J - - 2010
Self-screening by older drivers has shown considerable promise for increasing self-awareness about functional abilities associated with safe driving. The purpose of this study was to improve upon existing self-screening instruments by focusing entirely on "health concerns" that affect driving - that is, the symptoms that people experience due to medical ...
Bhatnagar Kavita - - 2010
India has the highest number of medical colleges in the world and, consequently, the highest number of medical teachers. The unprecedented growth of medical institutions in India in the past two decades has led to a shortage of teachers and created a quality challenge for medical education. In recent years, ...
Puri Poonam - - 2010
Circumcision is one of the oldest and the most controversial surgical procedures performed worldwide and is almost universal among Muslim and Jewish men. Most medical institutions in various countries agree that although there may be health benefits, there is no medical justification for routine circumcision in neonates or children. It ...
Arora Rajesh - - 2010
Nuclear and radiological emergencies (NREs) occurred globally and recent incidences in India are indicating toward the need for comprehensive medical preparedness required both at incident site and hospitals. The enhanced threat attributed toward insurgency is another causative factor of worry. The response capabilities and operational readiness of responders (both health ...
Okeke Claudia C CC Phd - - 2010
This article is intended to address the activities of the caregiver and encourage the need to address adverse events or medical errors. The advantage of disclosing adverse events or medication errors is to avoid further potential errors and determine/correct the cause of the errors. There should be awareness between patients ...
Klang Mark M Ms Rph Bcnsp - - 2010
There are no commercially available liquid medications that are formulated for feeding tube administration. The goal and indication of orally administered medications formulated in liquids is for pediatric patients or patients with limited ability to swallow tablets. Pharmacists who are considering compounding medications for feeding tube administration must be aware ...
Gluck Paul A - - 2010
Residency is a critical transition during which individuals acquire lifelong behaviors important for professionalism and optimal patient care. One behavior is proper hand hygiene (HH), yet poor compliance with accepted HH practices remains a critical issue in many settings. This study explored the factors affecting hand hygiene compliance (HHC) in ...
Phillips Anna C AC School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, England, UK. - - 2010
The aim of the present analyses was to examine the association between cortisol, DHEA sulphate (DHEAS) and the cortisol:DHEAS ratio and mortality. This was a prospective cohort analysis. Participants were 4255 Vietnam-era US army veterans. From military service files, telephone interviews and a medical examination, occupational, socio-demographic and health data ...
Drewry David H - - 2010
The past 20 years have witnessed an impressive expansion of the 'drug space'; defined as the intersection of the Medicinal Chemistry space and the Biologically Active space relevant in the quest for new treatments for disease. Despite the success of known lead discovery tactics, areas of unmet medical need are ...
Klotzbücher Sascha - - 2010
In 2002, the Chinese leadership announced a change in national welfare policy: Voluntary medical schemes at county level, called the "New Rural Co-operative Medical System" should cover all counties by 2010. This article addresses the main characteristics of this system, analyses the introduction of local schemes based on our own ...
Skillings Jared Lyon - - 2010
The SEGUE (Set the stage, Elicit information, Give information, Understand the patient's perspective, and End the encounter) Framework is a checklist-style rating scale to facilitate the teaching and assessment of communication skills in medical learners. It has been used for over 15 years, and it is recommended in the Accreditation Council ...
Chang Bung-Chul - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to review an implementation of u-Severance information system with focus on electronic hospital records (EHR) and to suggest future improvements. Clinical Data Repository (CDR) of u-Severance involved implementing electronic medical records (EMR) as the basis of EHR and the management of individual health records. ...
Fernbach Philip M - - 2010
People are renowned for their failure to consider alternative hypotheses. We compare neglect of alternative causes when people make predictive versus diagnostic probability judgments. One study with medical professionals reasoning about psychopathology and two with undergraduates reasoning about goals and actions or about causal transmission yielded the same results: neglect ...
Semins Michelle Jo - - 2010
Nephrolithiasis is a highly prevalent condition with a high recurrence rate that has a large impact on the quality of life of those affected. It also poses a great financial burden on society. There have been great advancements in the surgical treatment of stone disease over the past several decades. ...
Greenberg Barbara L - - 2010
of previous studies demonstrated the effectiveness of chairside medical screening by dentists to identify patients at increased risk of experiencing cardiovascular-associated events. In this study, the authors assessed dentists' attitudes, willingness and perceived barriers regarding chairside medical screening in the dental office. A national, random sample of U.S. general dentists ...
Waring Justin - - 2010
This paper aims to outline and comment on the changes to medical regulation in the UK that provide the background to a special issue of the Journal of Health Organization and Management on regulating doctors. This paper takes the form of a review. Although the UK medical profession enjoyed a ...
Salopek Igor - - 2010
The new Krapina Neanderthal museum consists of two sections: a section reconstructing the life of the Krapina Neanderthal and a section bringing the latest knowledge about the evolution of life on Earth. It is a well of scientific information, a teaching tool, and the world's largest find of Neanderthal fossil ...
Treu Denny - - 2010
Denny Treu of NxStage Medical, Inc., who has led the development of six dialysis systems with various companies, reports here on a home hemodialysis system that his company successfully designed specifically for home use.
Lischka Martin - - 2010
During the last decade medical education in Austria has seen more changes than in the whole of the previous century, with a complete overhaul of the structure of undergraduate curricula. Curricula now are organized in thematic, integrated modules, students have early patient encounters, the number of examinations has been drastically ...
Shenefelt Philip D - - 2010
The nervous system and the skin develop next to each other in the embryo and remain intimately interconnected and interactive throughout life. The nervous system can influence skin conditions through psychoneuroimmunoendocrine mechanisms and through behaviors. Understanding the pathophysiology aids in selection of treatment plans for correcting the negative effects of ...
Alt-Epping Bernd - - 2010
Palliative care for patients with advanced and progressive diseases has recently become an integrated and compulsory part of undergraduate training in Germany. Up until now, undergraduate teaching in this cross-disciplinary medical field varied and therefore problems during the implementation process with regard to formal aspects and teaching content are to ...
Schüttpelz-Brauns Katrin - - 2010
The aim of this paper, written by the committee of educational research methodology of the "Society for Medical Education" of the German-speaking countries, will give recommendations for the review process of scientific papers in medical education. The recommendations are based on the results of a workshop in 2007 and on ...
Winters Ryan - - 2010
The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education sets forth a number of required educational topics that must be addressed in residency and fellowship programs. We sought to provide a primer on some of the important basic statistical concepts to consider when examining the medical literature. It is not essential to ...
Sharma Suhasini - - 2010
Medical writing involves writing scientific documents of different types which include regulatory and research-related documents, disease or drug-related educational and promotional literature, publication articles like journal manuscripts and abstracts, content for healthcare websites, health-related magazines or news articles. The scientific information in these documents needs to be presented to suit ...
Kaushik A - - 2010
Medical device sector is one of the most complex and challenging business segments of the healthcare industry with close collaboration between science and engineering. Despite the fact that Asia has 60% of the world population providing large market potential, Asian healthcare expenditure constitutes only 15% of the global healthcare expenditure. ...
Muller George G - - 2010
The market for commercially manufactured drugs for pediatric patients is smaller than that for adults, and most of the medications currently used to treat children, including many over-the-counter products, have not been clinically studied in the pediatric population. Thus a customized medication that is formulated to meet the unique needs ...
McGivern Gerry - - 2010
The purpose of this paper is to explore general practitioners' (GPs') and psychiatrists' views and experiences of transparent forms of medical regulation in practice, as well as those of medical regulators and those representing patients and professionals. The research included interviews with GPs, psychiatrists and others involved in medical regulation, ...
Snijders C - - 2009
In this study, the feasibility and reliability of the Prevention Recovery Information System for Monitoring and Analysis (PRISMA)-Medical method for systematic, specialty-based analysis and classification of incidents in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) were determined. After the introduction of a Neonatology System for Analysis and Feedback on Medical Events ...
Pekarek Dawn M - - 2009
To determine whether medication classes are associated with alterations in concentrations of Quad screen analytes or the screen-positive rate. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of women with singleton gestations who received prenatal care and had a Quad screen performed in the University of Alabama at Birmingham system. Information on ...
Graham Mark J - - 2009
To demonstrate a methodology for coding and taxonomy development and to operationally define residents' competence in systems-based practice (SBP) in terms of observable roles, actions, and behaviors. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education's (ACGME's) full-text definition of SBP and the 6 discrete expectations it contains were content analyzed. Structured ...
Aminpour Farzaneh - - 2009
In Iran, the number of published articles has increased significantly in the basic and applied sciences including medicine and its subspecialties during the recent years. The present study reviewed Iranian science production in medicine, focusing on Iranian medical journals and assessing the current status of Iranian medical journals in several ...
Haywood Alison A Bpharm - - 2009
Veterinarians face many challenges during routine administration of medication to animals. This study investigated the nature of the problems that veterinarians encounter in practice and assessed the potential benefit of pharmaceutical compounding interventions for exotic and nondomesticated fauna. The research was conducted at three large wildlife theme parks on the ...
Roh Mi Ryung - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Infraorbital dark circles refer to the conditions that present with darkness of the infraorbital eyelids. Although it is not a medical concern, it can be a cosmetic concern for a large number of individuals. Moreover, clear definition and possible causes have not been elucidated. OBJECTIVE: To review the possible ...
Russell Elbert W - - 2009
The study by Larrabee, Millis, and Meyers (2007) was designed to compare the sensitivity to brain dysfunction of the Halstead Reitan Battery (HRB) to an ability-focused battery using data from Russell's database. Appropriate cases were screened to eliminate participants "wherein external incentive (Veterans Disability) was a possible factor ..." (p. ...
Brady R R W - - 2009
Screening for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) carriage in healthcare workers (HCWs) is both contentious and confounded by a lack of knowledge of background prevalence rates. This study examines prevalence of nasal MRSA carriage amongst a spectrum of medical professionals in a non-clinical environment. Medical conference attendees volunteered for screening for ...
Cabrini L - - 2009
We describe and quantify the wide range of activities that a mature Medical Emergency Team can progressively perform. The activities performed by a Medical Emergency Team 20 years after its introduction were prospectively collected during 105 consecutive days. The main activity was focused on the follow-up visits to previously treated ...
van Essen Anne Marije - - 2009
This paper seeks to identify different medical strategies adopted in relation to the new hospital payment systems in Germany, The Netherlands and England and analyse how the medical strategies have impacted on the emergence of these New Public Management policy tools between 2002 and 2007. A comparative approach is applied. ...
Lupa Michael - - 2009
Caustic ingestion is a serious medical problem with a variety of clinical presentations and a complicated clinical course. This article reviews the epidemiology and pathophysiology of caustic ingestion as well as the most current approaches to diagnosis and treatment. Finally, a recent case will be presented that highlights the difficulty ...
Hulefeld Michael - - 2009
Transfers are a major source of patients for the Ochsner Medical Center. To facilitate transfers, a "transfer center" was developed. This article describes the rationale for this center, how it was developed, and the results of its implementation.
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