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Results 301 - 350 of 447
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Kwizera Enoch N - - 2011
Indigenous sub-Saharan societies have, over the millennia, lived and socialised within the unwritten 'rules' of the 'Ubuntu' or similar philosophies that emphasises holistic 'humanness', and which is a form of 'social responsibility'. This article looks into some relevant social responsibility aspects of medical education in the South African context, with ...
Pelayo Sylvia - - 2011
This study is part of a research project aiming at developing advanced functions of medication related CDSS to support the monitoring of patients' therapeutic treatments based mainly on corresponding lab values. We adopted a user-centred approach to the design of these advanced CDSS functions. We collected existing recommendations in the ...
Riccioli Costanza - - 2011
E-prescription is amongst the most widespread medical electronic support functions. However, several studies reported acceptance and utilisation rates not as high as expected. This paper performs firstly an analysis of the literature on e-prescription characteristics and functionalities especially with respect to their actual usage. Then a specific field study was ...
Abbott Ryan B - - 2011
While the use of complementary, alternative and integrative medicine (CAIM) is substantial, it continues to exist at the periphery of allopathic medicine. Understanding the attitudes of medical students toward CAIM will be useful in understanding future integration of CAIM and allopathic medicine. This study was conducted to develop and evaluate ...
Kononowicz Andrzej A - - 2011
Patient consents for distribution of multimedia constitute a significant element of medical case-based repositories in medicine. A technical challenge is posed by the right of patients to withdraw permission to disseminate their images or videos. A technical mechanism for spreading information about changes in multimedia usage licenses is sought. The ...
Wyber Rosemary - - 2011
The relationships between doctors and drug companies have generated considerable global debate. Medical students are unique stakeholders in this discussion, although they are underrepresented in descriptive data. This article reviews international literature on the effects of drug company promotion, the effect on students, the New Zealand context and explores implications ...
Saxena Kshitij - - 2011
Medication errors are not unusual in acute care settings. This prospective time series analysis/study evaluates the use of Clinical Decision Support System (CDSS)/alerts in helping providers not to make errors, when putting in orders in a CPOE system. We reviewed electronic health records for all the inpatients coming to 5 ...
Wiley Clayton A - - 2011
Telemedicine has emerged as an efficient means of distributing professional medical expertise over a broad geographic area with few limitations to the various services that can be provided around the globe. Telepathology is particularly well suited to distributing subspecialty expertise in certain environments in an economical fashion, while preserving centers ...
Kessler Daniel P - - 2011
The U.S. medical malpractice liability system has two principal objectives: to compensate patients who are injured through the negligence of healthcare providers and to deter providers from practicing negligently. In practice, however, the system is slow and costly to administer. It both fails to compensate patients who have suffered from ...
Sadat Sajjadi Haniye - - 2011
One of the most important issues in today's health sector is productivity, and more attention should be paid to this topic by health managers and correspondingly by those in charge. It is believed that providing a suitable culture is necessary to improve productivity. We tried to provide this culture by ...
Moylan Elizabeth C - - 2011
This editorial celebrates the re-launch of PMC Biophysics previously published by PhysMath Central, in its new format as BMC Biophysics published by BioMed Central with an expanded scope and Editorial Board. BMC Biophysics will fill its own niche in the BMC series alongside complementary companion journals including BMC Bioinformatics, BMC ...
Gorrindo Tristan - - 2011
The AMA's social media guidelines provide physicians with some basic rules for maintaining professional boundaries when engaging in online activities. Left unanswered are questions about how these guidelines are to be implemented by physicians of different generations. By examining the issues of privacy and technological skill through the eyes of ...
Zhang Wen W Dept. of Electrical Engineering & Computer Science, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, - - 2011
Electronic Medical Records (EMRs) provide convenient access to patient data for parties who should have it, but, unless managed properly, may also provide it to those who should not. Distinguishing the two is a core security challenge for EMRs. Strategies proposed to address these problems include Role Based Access Control ...
Scurria Serena - - 2011
In recent years, due to the increasingly hostile environment in the medical malpractice field and related lawsuits in Italy, physicians began informing themselves regarding their comprehensive medical malpractice coverage. In order to estimate the level of knowledge of medical professionals on liability insurance coverage for healthcare malpractice, a sample of ...
Snyder Jeremy - - 2011
Medical tourism, the intentional pursuit of elective medical treatments in foreign countries, is a rapidly growing global industry. Canadians are among those crossing international borders to seek out privately purchased medical care. Given Canada's universally accessible, single-payer domestic health care system, important implications emerge from Canadians' private engagement in medical ...
Law Oliver - - 2011
Manufacturer and supplier of LED theatre lights, HD camera systems, video integration technologies, and ceiling support units, Trumpf Medical Systems UK, and "logistical services" company Canute International Medical Services (CIMS), one of whose specialities is providing mobile medical units for diagnostic imaging, have entered into a partnership that will see ...
Linder Roland - - 2011
Multi-resistant pathogens are a serious problem on a considerable scale for the health sector. Patients with infections induced by multi-resistant bacteria cause enormous additional treatment costs of around 20,500 € per insured. Due to the recently used billing and documentation system there is a significant shortage of information transparency. The ...
Vassányi István - - 2011
Prevention and rehabilitation efficiency can greatly benefit from the application of intelligent, 24 hour tele-diagnostics and tele-care information systems. Tele-monitoring also supports a new level of medical supervision over the patient's lifestyle. In this paper we briefly present the architecture and development phase results of the Alpha remote monitoring system. ...
Courtenay Molly - - 2011
In the United Kingdom, non-medical prescribing (NMP) has been identified as one way to improve healthcare quality and efficiency. Healthcare organisations are charged with overseeing the clinical governance of NMP and guidance recommends the identification of a lead director to be responsible for its implementation. While over twelve million items ...
Hamid Simon - - 2011
Several articles have been published over the last decade that describe the current role of medical operations (variously known as MEDCAPS- Medical Civic Action Programs, CMEs- Co-Operative Medical Engagements, etc.) in COIN and stability operations. Many of these articles focus on the experiences of healthcare and support personnel and their ...
Maulucci Ruth A RA MOCO, inc, Scituate, MA 02066, USA. - - 2011
Misuse of medications is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. The pervasiveness of non-adherence to medications is having significant health care implications, including costly and distressing hospitalization. This paper presents a new method for delivering medication instructions that incorporates all aspects of all medications in a regimen into one ...
Pecoraro Fabrizio - - 2011
The paper describes the design of a module that manages Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) reporting within a Clinical investigation on Medical devices. This module is integrated in a Medical Device Information System (MEDIS) that collects data and documents exchanged between applicants and the National Competent Authority during the clinical investigation ...
Coatrieux Gouenou - - 2011
: When dealing with medical data sharing, in particular within telemedicine applications, there is a need to ensure information security. Being able to verify that the information belongs to the right patient and is from the right source or that it has been rerouted or modified is a major concern. ...
Boyer Célia - - 2011
Today, the Web is a media with increasing pervasiveness around the world. Its use is constantly growing and the medical field is no exception. With this large amount of information, the problem is no longer about finding information but assessing the credibility of the publishers as well as the relevance ...
Savely Susanne M - - 2011
In the study described in this article, the authors performed safety walk-throughs or inspections for 20 clinics located both inside a major medical center clinic (onsite) and away from the main clinic site (offsite). A checklist was used to evaluate compliance with institutional, local, state, and federal guidelines and regulations. ...
Redwood Sabi - - 2011
Even though electronic prescribing systems are widely advocated as one of the most effective means of improving patient safety, they may also introduce new risks that are not immediately obvious. Through the study of specific incidents related to the processes involved in the administration of medication, we sought to find ...
Penciner Rick - - 2011
Background: Currently, there is no consensus on the core competencies required for emergency medicine (EM) clerkships in Canada. Existing EM curricula have been developed through informal consensus or local efforts. The Delphi process has been used extensively as a means for establishing consensus. Aim: The purpose of this project was ...
Petrini Carlo - - 2011
A SOUND EVALUATION OF EVERY BIOETHICAL PROBLEM SHOULD BE PREDICATED ON A CAREFUL ANALYSIS OF AT LEAST TWO BASIC ELEMENTS: (i) reliable scientific information and (ii) the ethical principles and values at stake. A thorough evaluation of both elements also calls for a careful examination of statements by authoritative institutions. ...
Yu Shipeng - - 2011
Information extraction from clinical free text is one of the key elements in medical informatics research. In this paper we propose a general framework to improve learning-based information extraction systems with the help of rich annotations (i.e., annotators provide the medical assertion as well as evidences that support the assertion). ...
Otto Catherine N - - 2011
Examining the quality of medical laboratory services using the perspective of the six IOM aims provides laboratory professionals with numerous opportunities to improve the quality of healthcare and validate the value of medical laboratory test information in improving patients' lives. This necessitates exploring the effects of other healthcare processes upon ...
Halgrim Scott Russell SR University of Washington, PO Box 543450, Seattle, WA 98195, USA. - - 2011
Extracting medication information from clinical records has many potential applications, and recently published research, systems, and competitions reflect an interest therein. Much of the early extraction work involved rules and lexicons, but more recently machine learning has been applied to the task. We present a hybrid system consisting of two ...
Vardell Emily - - 2011
Pillbox is a tool that can be used to rapidly identify solid dosage medications. The database, created and maintained by the National Library of Medicine with the support of the Food and Drug Administration, seeks to enhance patient safety through the identification of solid dosage medication. Users enter physical characteristics ...
Waller Stephen G - - 2011
Non-military government agencies and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have made great strides in the evaluation of humanitarian medical work, and have learned valuable lessons regarding monitoring and evaluation (M&E) that may be equally as valuable to military medical personnel. We reviewed the recent literature by the worldwide humanitarian community regarding the ...
Rocha e Silva Mauricio M Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. - - 2011
A brief review intended as information to the readership of Clinics on papers recently published under various medical headings in Brazilian scientific journals recently indexed or about to be indexed in ISI-THOMSON Journal Citation Reports. Journals covered in this review are Acta Ortopédica Brasileira, Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia, Jornal Brasileiro ...
Kahl Oliver - - 2011
This article deals with the 22nd volume of Muḥammad ibn Zakarīyāʾ al-Rāzīʾs (Rhazes, d. 313/925) medical encyclopedia al-Ḥāwī fī l-ṭibb. Volume twenty-two is dedicated to pharmacology and pharmacological tables, and introduced by a short treatise in which Rhazes explains his unusual choice of tabular design and terminological arrangement. Following upon ...
Benton Adrian - - 2011
There are millions of public posts to medical message boards by users seeking support and information on a wide range of medical conditions. It has been shown that these posts can be used to gain a greater understanding of patients' experiences and concerns. As investigators continue to explore large corpora ...
Sansone Randy A - - 2011
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is characterized in the DSM by anger. While previous studies have examined various types of externalized aggression and violence among individuals with BPD, we are aware of no investigations of disruptive behaviors perpetrated by patients with BPD in medical settings-the focus of the present study. Using ...
Guillén Sergio S ITACA Institute, Polytechnic University of Valencia, Spain. sguillen@ - - 2011
The aim of this paper is to describe the solution that has been developed in Valencia Region (Spain) to provide health professionals (physicians and nurses) access to all the functionalities of a Hospital Information System (HIS) already available at fixed clients workstations. These functionalities are adapted to the care process ...
Penney Kali - - 2011
Medical tourism, thought of as patients seeking non-emergency medical care outside of their home countries, is a growing industry worldwide. Canadians are amongst those engaging in medical tourism, and many are helped in the process of accessing care abroad by medical tourism brokers - agents who specialize in making international ...
Chekman I S - - 2011
Current studies, dedicated to metallic (gold, silver, iron, and copper) nanomaterials are reviewed in this paper. This metals own unique physical and chemical properties which determine their application. The medical application of metallic nanomaterials includes therapy and prophylaxis of diseases, development of new drugs and improvement of conventional ones, nanodiagnostics. ...
Martin Melanie J - - 2011
In this paper we present a detailed scheme for annotating medical web pages designed for health care consumers. The annotation is along two axes: first, by reliability (the extent to which the medical information on the page can be trusted), second, by the type of page (patient leaflet, commercial, link, ...
Thompson C L - - 2011
The University of Minnesota medical student wiki (UMMedWiki) allows students to collaboratively edit classroom notes to support medical education. Since 2007, UMMedWiki has grown to include 1,591 articles that have collectively received 1.2 million pageviews. Although small-scale wikis have become increasingly important, little is known about their dynamics compared to ...
Ward Peter J - - 2011
Background: Different approaches to study lead to differing academic outcomes. Deep and strategic approaches have been linked to academic success while surface approaches lead to poorer understandings. Aims: This study sought to characterize how the approaches to study used by medical students impacted their academic success as measured by three ...
Abbas Mark R - - 2011
There is a growing acknowledgement that doctors need to develop leadership and management competences to become more actively involved in the planning, delivery and transformation of patient services. We undertook a systematic review of what is known concerning the knowledge, skills and attitudes of medical students regarding leadership and management. ...
van Roermund Thea C M - - 2011
When innovations are introduced in medical education, teachers often have to adapt to a new concept of what being a good teacher includes. These new concepts do not necessarily match medical teachers' own, often strong beliefs about what it means to be a good teacher.Recently, a new competency-based description of ...
Lecornu L L Dpt Image et Traitement de l’Information, Institut Telecom, Telecom Bretagne, UEB, Brest, France. - - 2011
All patient-related medical information during a hospital stay in France, has to be collected and coded in the compilation of medical units discharge documents, according to a standardized approach. The process of describing a patient disease in terms of appropriate diagnostic codes is nevertheless, a non-intuitive operation for the physician. ...
Chapman Chris - - 2011
In 2002 the University of Michigan Medical School created a one-month course in advanced medical therapeutics (AMT). All senior medical students were required to complete the course. To provide some flexibility for students who were interviewing for residency positions the AMT course was created using a distance-learning model, and in ...
Ortolon Ken - - 2011
A special committee of the Association of American Medical Colleges is recommending major changes to the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) to more closely align its subject matter with the science knowledge needed to practice 21st century medicine. But while the proposed new MCAT increases the emphasis on biochemistry and ...
Zupanic Michaela - - 2011
The current challenges of educational policy seem to be associated to changes of the health care system, to counteract concerns regarding the lack of physicians, supply shortage and migration of specialists. Therefore, expectations, wishes and concerns relevant to the anticipated everyday life as a physician of medical students at the ...
Reiter Harald H Philips Research Europe, 5656 Eindhoven, The Netherlands. - - 2011
Functional textiles are seen as promising technology to enable healthcare services and medical care outside hospitals due to their ability to integrate textile-based sensing and monitoring technologies into the daily life. In the past much effort has been spent onto basic functional textile research already showing that reliable monitoring solutions ...
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