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Results 301 - 350 of 446
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Savely Susanne M - - 2011
In the study described in this article, the authors performed safety walk-throughs or inspections for 20 clinics located both inside a major medical center clinic (onsite) and away from the main clinic site (offsite). A checklist was used to evaluate compliance with institutional, local, state, and federal guidelines and regulations. ...
Watanabe Hiroshi - - 2011
The conceptual framework of statistical tests and statistical inferences are discussed, and the epidemiological background of statistics is briefly reviewed. This study is one of a series in which we survey the basics of statistics and practical methods used in medical statistics. Arguments related to actual statistical analysis procedures will ...
Hernandez James S - - 2011
For many pathologists, the roles of the medical director are not clearly distinguished from other medical leadership and management duties, such as those of the chair of pathology or a section head of anatomic pathology. We describe the evolution in the understanding of the roles of the medical director as ...
Snyder Lois - - 2011
The AMA Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs (CEJA) has initiated an important discussion on medical professionalism and the use of social media by issuing thoughtful and practical guidance for physicians and medical students. The implications of online activities for trust in the profession, as well as for trust between ...
Ikeda Ryuji - - 2011
Recently, the importance of medical information for radiologic technologists has increased. The purpose of this questionnaire survey was to clarify the method of acquiring skill in medical information for radiologic technologists from the point of view of the managers of radiology departments. The questionnaire was sent to 260 hospitals that ...
Halgrim Scott Russell - - 2011
Extracting medication information from clinical records has many potential applications, and recently published research, systems, and competitions reflect an interest therein. Much of the early extraction work involved rules and lexicons, but more recently machine learning has been applied to the task. We present a hybrid system consisting of two ...
Vardell Emily - - 2011
Pillbox is a tool that can be used to rapidly identify solid dosage medications. The database, created and maintained by the National Library of Medicine with the support of the Food and Drug Administration, seeks to enhance patient safety through the identification of solid dosage medication. Users enter physical characteristics ...
Robu Raul - - 2011
This paper suggests a solution to acquire medical data from hospitals located in a region (addressing especially the DKMT Euroregion), and then perform data mining. The medical data from the hospital databases are exported in XML format, according to HL7 CDA standard. Afterwards, they are automatically centralized on a server ...
Pirnejad Habibollah - - 2011
Two different information systems with respect to their ability to afford clinicians' needs in the chemotherapy medication process were implemented in a large Dutch academic hospital. A commercially available Computerized Physician Order Entry (CPOE) system was not appreciated because clinicians believed that it could not support complex chemotherapy process. Later, ...
Vassányi István - - 2011
Prevention and rehabilitation efficiency can greatly benefit from the application of intelligent, 24 hour tele-diagnostics and tele-care information systems. Tele-monitoring also supports a new level of medical supervision over the patient's lifestyle. In this paper we briefly present the architecture and development phase results of the Alpha remote monitoring system. ...
Boyer Célia - - 2011
Today, the Web is a media with increasing pervasiveness around the world. Its use is constantly growing and the medical field is no exception. With this large amount of information, the problem is no longer about finding information but assessing the credibility of the publishers as well as the relevance ...
Coatrieux Gouenou - - 2011
: When dealing with medical data sharing, in particular within telemedicine applications, there is a need to ensure information security. Being able to verify that the information belongs to the right patient and is from the right source or that it has been rerouted or modified is a major concern. ...
Otto Catherine N - - 2011
Examining the quality of medical laboratory services using the perspective of the six IOM aims provides laboratory professionals with numerous opportunities to improve the quality of healthcare and validate the value of medical laboratory test information in improving patients' lives. This necessitates exploring the effects of other healthcare processes upon ...
Zhao Xin-Qing - - 2011
Marine microorganisms are rich source for natural products which play important roles in pharmaceutical industry. Over the past decade, genome-based studies of marine microorganisms have unveiled the tremendous diversity of the producers of natural products and also contributed to the efficiency of harness the strain diversity and chemical diversity, as ...
Gorrindo Tristan - - 2011
The AMA's social media guidelines provide physicians with some basic rules for maintaining professional boundaries when engaging in online activities. Left unanswered are questions about how these guidelines are to be implemented by physicians of different generations. By examining the issues of privacy and technological skill through the eyes of ...
Bowen Scott E - - 2011
Volatile substance misuse is a prevalent and often overlooked behavior among adolescents, including reported use among young pregnant women. Several medical repercussions can arise from the improper use of volatile substances, yet they are often underappreciated among scientists and health professionals. This brief review reports on the recent advances made ...
Moylan Elizabeth C - - 2011
This editorial celebrates the re-launch of PMC Biophysics previously published by PhysMath Central, in its new format as BMC Biophysics published by BioMed Central with an expanded scope and Editorial Board. BMC Biophysics will fill its own niche in the BMC series alongside complementary companion journals including BMC Bioinformatics, BMC ...
Pecoraro Fabrizio - - 2011
The paper describes the design of a module that manages Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) reporting within a Clinical investigation on Medical devices. This module is integrated in a Medical Device Information System (MEDIS) that collects data and documents exchanged between applicants and the National Competent Authority during the clinical investigation ...
Petrini Carlo - - 2011
A SOUND EVALUATION OF EVERY BIOETHICAL PROBLEM SHOULD BE PREDICATED ON A CAREFUL ANALYSIS OF AT LEAST TWO BASIC ELEMENTS: (i) reliable scientific information and (ii) the ethical principles and values at stake. A thorough evaluation of both elements also calls for a careful examination of statements by authoritative institutions. ...
Pelayo Sylvia - - 2011
This study is part of a research project aiming at developing advanced functions of medication related CDSS to support the monitoring of patients' therapeutic treatments based mainly on corresponding lab values. We adopted a user-centred approach to the design of these advanced CDSS functions. We collected existing recommendations in the ...
Franklin Brad - - 2011
The Medical Civil Action Program (MEDCAP) is an important tool that is utilized to support the larger missions in all areas of current operations. In Ethiopia, MEDCAPs are one of many tools commanders use to earn the trust and confidence of the local population. There are many ways to implement ...
Leinster Sam - - 2011
Social accountability as an outcome must be measured at institutional (evaluation) and individual (assessment) level. The definitions used in the measurement will be dependent on the social setting of the medical school being scrutinised. A formal framework is needed so that comparisons can be made and progress measured. The World ...
Chekman I S - - 2011
Current studies, dedicated to metallic (gold, silver, iron, and copper) nanomaterials are reviewed in this paper. This metals own unique physical and chemical properties which determine their application. The medical application of metallic nanomaterials includes therapy and prophylaxis of diseases, development of new drugs and improvement of conventional ones, nanodiagnostics. ...
Martin Melanie J - - 2011
In this paper we present a detailed scheme for annotating medical web pages designed for health care consumers. The annotation is along two axes: first, by reliability (the extent to which the medical information on the page can be trusted), second, by the type of page (patient leaflet, commercial, link, ...
Sansone Randy A - - 2011
Objective: To examine the self-reported prevalence of aggressive and/or disruptive behaviors by patients as related to their medical care.Method: In a cross-sectional, consecutive sample of internal medicine outpatients (N = 397), respondents reported on 17 aggressive and/or disruptive behaviors related to their medical care. Data were collected during November 2010.Results: ...
Mishra Saurabh - - 2011
This article explores colonial representations of the crime of cattle poisoning and uses it as a starting point to investigate questions related to the formation of Chamar identity. Starting from the 1850s, it looks at the process whereby the caste group was imbued with certain undesirable traits of character. Simultaneously, ...
Reach Gérard - - 2011
To clarify the mechanisms of adherence. A cross-sectional, multicenter French study using a self-questionnaire administered by 116 general practitioners to 782 obese type 2 diabetic patients. The analysis of 670 completed questionnaires revealed a strong association between the adherence to medication and the behavior of fastening the seatbelt when seated ...
Linder Roland - - 2011
Multi-resistant pathogens are a serious problem on a considerable scale for the health sector. Patients with infections induced by multi-resistant bacteria cause enormous additional treatment costs of around 20,500 € per insured. Due to the recently used billing and documentation system there is a significant shortage of information transparency. The ...
Zupanic Michaela - - 2011
The current challenges of educational policy seem to be associated to changes of the health care system, to counteract concerns regarding the lack of physicians, supply shortage and migration of specialists. Therefore, expectations, wishes and concerns relevant to the anticipated everyday life as a physician of medical students at the ...
Wiley Clayton A - - 2011
Telemedicine has emerged as an efficient means of distributing professional medical expertise over a broad geographic area with few limitations to the various services that can be provided around the globe. Telepathology is particularly well suited to distributing subspecialty expertise in certain environments in an economical fashion, while preserving centers ...
Chen Heyu - - 2011
Synchrotron radiation (SR) X-ray has great potential for its applications in both diagnosis and treatment of diseases, due to its characteristic properties including coherence, collimation, monochromaticity, and exceptional brightness. Great advances have been made regarding potential medical applications of SR X-ray in recent years, particularly with the development of the ...
Koczmara Christine - - 2011
In this article, the authors highlight an incident that involved a mix-up between the oral anticoagulant medication Pradax (dabigatran etexilate) and the antiplatelet medication Plavix (clopidogrel). Because critical care nurses may admit or care for patients who are receiving (or have received) one of these medications, it is important that ...
Penney Kali - - 2011
Medical tourism, thought of as patients seeking non-emergency medical care outside of their home countries, is a growing industry worldwide. Canadians are amongst those engaging in medical tourism, and many are helped in the process of accessing care abroad by medical tourism brokers - agents who specialize in making international ...
Snyder Jeremy - - 2011
Medical tourism, the intentional pursuit of elective medical treatments in foreign countries, is a rapidly growing global industry. Canadians are among those crossing international borders to seek out privately purchased medical care. Given Canada's universally accessible, single-payer domestic health care system, important implications emerge from Canadians' private engagement in medical ...
Chard Kyle - - 2011
Natural Language Processing (NLP) enables access to deep content embedded in medical texts. To date, NLP has not fulfilled its promise of enabling robust clinical encoding, clinical use, quality improvement, and research. We submit that this is in part due to poor accessibility, scalability, and flexibility of NLP systems. We ...
Saxena Kshitij - - 2011
Medication errors are not unusual in acute care settings. This prospective time series analysis/study evaluates the use of Clinical Decision Support System (CDSS)/alerts in helping providers not to make errors, when putting in orders in a CPOE system. We reviewed electronic health records for all the inpatients coming to 5 ...
Yu Shipeng - - 2011
Information extraction from clinical free text is one of the key elements in medical informatics research. In this paper we propose a general framework to improve learning-based information extraction systems with the help of rich annotations (i.e., annotators provide the medical assertion as well as evidences that support the assertion). ...
Zhang Wen - - 2011
Electronic Medical Records (EMRs) provide convenient access to patient data for parties who should have it, but, unless managed properly, may also provide it to those who should not. Distinguishing the two is a core security challenge for EMRs. Strategies proposed to address these problems include Role Based Access Control ...
Zhou Li - - 2011
Clinical information is often coded using different terminologies, and therefore is not interoperable. Our goal is to develop a general natural language processing (NLP) system, called Medical Text Extraction, Reasoning and Mapping System (MTERMS), which encodes clinical text using different terminologies and simultaneously establishes dynamic mappings between them. MTERMS applies ...
Abbas Mark R - - 2011
There is a growing acknowledgement that doctors need to develop leadership and management competences to become more actively involved in the planning, delivery and transformation of patient services. We undertook a systematic review of what is known concerning the knowledge, skills and attitudes of medical students regarding leadership and management. ...
Shorter Daryl - - 2011
Cocaine is a stimulant that leads to the rapid accumulation of catecholamines and serotonin in the brain due to prevention of their re-uptake into the neuron that released the neurotransmitter. Cocaine dependence is a public health concern and cause of significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. At present, there are no ...
Thompson C L - - 2011
The University of Minnesota medical student wiki (UMMedWiki) allows students to collaboratively edit classroom notes to support medical education. Since 2007, UMMedWiki has grown to include 1,591 articles that have collectively received 1.2 million pageviews. Although small-scale wikis have become increasingly important, little is known about their dynamics compared to ...
Kripalani Sunil - - 2011
Physicians often do not provide adequate medication counseling. To develop and evaluate an educational program to improve physicians' assessment of adherence and their medication counseling skills, with attention to health literacy. We compared internal medicine residents' confidence and counseling behaviors, measured by self-report at baseline and one month after participation ...
Benton Adrian - - 2011
There are millions of public posts to medical message boards by users seeking support and information on a wide range of medical conditions. It has been shown that these posts can be used to gain a greater understanding of patients' experiences and concerns. As investigators continue to explore large corpora ...
Courtenay Molly - - 2011
In the United Kingdom, non-medical prescribing (NMP) has been identified as one way to improve healthcare quality and efficiency. Healthcare organisations are charged with overseeing the clinical governance of NMP and guidance recommends the identification of a lead director to be responsible for its implementation. While over twelve million items ...
van Roermund Thea C M - - 2011
When innovations are introduced in medical education, teachers often have to adapt to a new concept of what being a good teacher includes. These new concepts do not necessarily match medical teachers' own, often strong beliefs about what it means to be a good teacher.Recently, a new competency-based description of ...
Kessler Daniel P - - 2011
The U.S. medical malpractice liability system has two principal objectives: to compensate patients who are injured through the negligence of healthcare providers and to deter providers from practicing negligently. In practice, however, the system is slow and costly to administer. It both fails to compensate patients who have suffered from ...
Redwood Sabi - - 2011
Even though electronic prescribing systems are widely advocated as one of the most effective means of improving patient safety, they may also introduce new risks that are not immediately obvious. Through the study of specific incidents related to the processes involved in the administration of medication, we sought to find ...
Chapman Chris - - 2011
In 2002 the University of Michigan Medical School created a one-month course in advanced medical therapeutics (AMT). All senior medical students were required to complete the course. To provide some flexibility for students who were interviewing for residency positions the AMT course was created using a distance-learning model, and in ...
Rocha e Silva Mauricio M Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. - - 2011
A brief review intended as information to the readership of Clinics on papers recently published under various medical headings in Brazilian scientific journals recently indexed or about to be indexed in ISI-THOMSON Journal Citation Reports. Journals covered in this review are Acta Ortopédica Brasileira, Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia, Jornal Brasileiro ...
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