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Cruess Richard L - - 2011
Professionalism is the basis of medicine's social contract with society. The details of that contract are influenced by the presence or absence of a national health plan. In countries with such a plan, unlike in the United States, negotiations are dictated by the nature of medicine's contract with society and ...
Bongers L M H - - 2011
In the Netherlands the physician is still bound to professional confidentiality after the patient's death. However, in the legal doctrine and in case law some exceptions have been recognized, especially for circumstances where the relatives have a legitimate interest in the inspection of medical records of the deceased. Today developments ...
Austad Kirsten E - - 2011
The relationship between health professionals and the pharmaceutical industry has become a source of controversy. Physicians' attitudes towards the industry can form early in their careers, but little is known about this key stage of development. We performed a systematic review reported according to PRISMA guidelines to determine the frequency ...
Somaini Lorenzo - - 2011
Cocaine dependence is characterized by compulsive drug seeking and high vulnerability to relapse. Overall, cocaine remains one of the most used illicit drugs in the world. Given the difficulty of achieving sustained recovery, pharmacotherapy of cocaine addiction remains one of the most important clinical challenges. Recent advances in neurobiology, brain ...
Alamri Alexander - - 2011
Sir Victor Horsley is well known for his pioneering work as a neurological surgeon but his vital contributions to the regulation and advancement of the medical profession are less well understood. This archived literature review of The Horsley collection of papers (UCL Special Collections Library) documents Sir Victor's campaign for ...
Wong Janice C - - 2011
Context: Human trafficking is a human rights violation prevalent globally. Current guidelines highlight healthcare professionals' key role in responding to human trafficking, emphasizing the importance of medical education in raising awareness of trafficking. <strong>Objective: </strong>To assess pre-clerkship medical students' awareness of human trafficking and attitudes towards learning about trafficking in ...
Mello Michelle M - - 2011
Although the malpractice crisis--the inability of health care providers to obtain affordable liability insurance--has abated in many states, medical liability costs and pressures remain a concern. In addition, the perceived threat of litigation spurs "defensive medicine"--the practice of ordering services primarily to reduce the physician's liability exposure rather than because ...
McGrath Pam - - 2011
Context: The increasing global mobility of physicians and severe physician shortages of many countries has led to an increasing reliance on International Medical Graduates (IMGs) by countries including Australia and Canada. Objectivest: A web-based comparison of licensing policies for IMGs in Australia and Canada to inform and improve policies in ...
Ogunyade T O - - 2011
Medical informatics, a newly emerged concept has in recent years attracted the attention of scholars. This concept therefore needs thorough discourse and interpretations as relating to information packaging and its access in the field of medicine and its allies. Therefore, the would--be information manager needs to be grounded in the ...
Early Cynde - - 2011
This is a review of lessons learned in the postimplementation evaluation of a bar-code medication administration technology implemented at a major tertiary-care hospital in 2001. In 2006, with a bar-code medication administration scan compliance rate of 82%, a near-miss sentinel event prompted review of this technology as part of an ...
Karuppan Corinne M - - 2011
The ongoing debate on U.S. healthcare reform fueled by increasing cost and poor access to quality healthcare is spurring interest in medical travel. The topic of medical travel-going abroad to seek medical care-has been widely reported in various news outlets. This issue even resulted in a Senate Hearing before the ...
Sharma Bharat Bhushan - - 2011
Fraudulent data and plagiarized text may corrupt scientific medical literature and ultimately harm patients. By prescribing erroneous treatment to an individual, only single patient is affected; but by presenting incorrect data or transcripts, the whole scientific medical universe is affected. Although both scenarios are highly undesirable, one can assume the ...
Wiwanitkit Viroj - - 2011
Thailand is a developing country in Southeast Asia with a nationally acknowledged requirement for improvement of the medical system. At present, endocrinology is a specific branch of medicine that is taught in few medical schools. There are very few endocrinologists in Thailand, who are unable to cope with the large ...
Weisz George M - - 2012
The identity of the young man in Jacopo Pontormo's Portrait of a Halberdier has long been disputed by art historians. Two probable candidates have been identified: Francesco Guardi, a Florentine nobleman, and Cosimo I de' Medici, Duke of Florence from 1537 and Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1569. The present ...
Fawzi Marwa M - - 2011
In the process of our faculty gaining accreditation, the debate concerning the necessity for initiating an integrated course in which medical ethics course is implemented have arouse. Arguments concerning what should this course include, the best timing for this course to be applied, how it should be taught, planned for ...
Heide Steffen - - 2011
Worldwide, there is a high risk of medical complications or death in police custody. This risk is often increased by unclear legislation, a lack of clearly defined responsibility and medical examination standards. Any solution to these problems requires as a very basis the systematic analysis of the medical examinations that ...
Garlaschelli Rossella - - 2011
Objectives:  In 2007, the Alberto Malliani Medical Library of the Università degli Studi in Milan decided to order some novels for its students. The library purchased 24 titles written by famous authors and planned to add others in the future. The proposal for this action was made by a professor, ...
Williams Geoffrey C - - 2011
A previous randomized clinical trial based on self-determination theory (SDT) and consistent with the Public Health Service (PHS) Guideline for Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence demonstrated that an intensive intervention could change autonomous self-regulation and perceived competence, which in part facilitated long-term tobacco abstinence. The current article describes a pragmatic ...
Marques Filho José - - 2011
Informed consent is a mandatory document in human subject research protocols. Its principles have been recently established in the history of Medicine, and the first official document to establish the need for an informed consent from the research subject was the Nuremberg Code (1947). All following documents confirmed that the ...
Lacour Stéphanie - - 2011
The nano-medical field is seen, by governments as well as the business sector as a very promising one. The process of converting basic research in nanomedecine into commercially viable products has already begun, even if it might be long and difficult. Part of the difficulties that could occur comes from ...
Stonemetz Jerry - - 2011
This article describes how anesthesiologists can lead innovation and process improvement focused on regulated medical waste reduction and cost savings using a process improvement methodology known as Lean Sigma.
Delbeke Evelien - - 2011
To date, in three European countries and three American states--i.e., The Netherlands, Luxemburg, Switzerland, and the states of Oregon, Washington and Montana--it is permitted by law for one person to assist in the suicide of another person. When comparing the legislations of these countries/states, it becomes apparent that The Netherlands, ...
Parker Malcolm - - 2011
In response to perceived failures in medical self-regulation in Australia, first in two States (for doctors) and now under the National Registration and Accreditation Scheme (for all health practitioners), mandatory reporting of peer status or practice that poses risks to patients has been introduced. Yet now, in response to the ...
Thomas Gail D - - 2011
The purpose of this brief review is to highlight key concepts about the neural control of the circulation that graduate and medical students should be expected to incorporate into their general knowledge of human physiology. The focus is largely on the sympathetic nerves, which have a dominant role in cardiovascular ...
Simpson Julian M - - 2011
In 2008, a patient died in the UK after being given an excessive dose of diamorphine by an overseas-trained doctor working in out-of-hours (OOH) primary care. This incident led to a debate on the recourse to international medical graduates and on the shortcomings of the OOH system. It is argued ...
Schuld Jochen - - 2011
PURPOSE: The so-called "practical year" is the last part of medical students' education in Germany. Without being paid, final-year medical students have to work for 1 year under supervision in academic teaching hospitals. It is mandatory for every student to rotate to a surgical department for 4 months. The aim of the ...
Durning Steven J - - 2011
Medical educators are responsible for training current and future generations of physicians; this includes the early and accurate identification of "struggling" medical trainees, which has implications for future training, practice, and success.The authors propose a theory-based framework, Self-Regulated Learning-Microanalytic Assessment and Training (SRL-MAT), that is specifically designed to foster individual ...
- - 2011
This document amends Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) regulations to reflect changes made by section 504 of the Caregivers and Veterans Omnibus Health Services Act of 2010. Section 504 authorizes a VA practitioner, when the practitioner deems it necessary to ensure an informed medical decision, to share certain, otherwise protected ...
Mason Paul R - - 2011
To examine the adequacy of policies at Australian medical schools for managing potential conflicts of interest with the pharmaceutical industry. National survey of 20 Australian medical schools to assess their policies regarding disclosure and management of conflict of interest, undertaken in October 2009, using the American Medical Student Association's PharmFree ...
Carminati Maria-Vittoria - - 2011
Commercial spaceflight is expected to rapidly develop in the near future. This will begin with sub-orbital missions and then progress to orbital flights. Technical informed consent of spaceflight participants is required by the commercial spaceflight operator for regulatory purposes. Additionally, though not required by regulation, the aerospace medicine professional involved ...
Deebaj Richard - - 2011
On 26 December 2004, a large earthquake in the Indian Ocean and the resulting tsunami created a disaster on a scale unprecedented in recorded history. Thousands of foreign tourists, predominantly Europeans, were affected. Their governments were required to organize rapid rescue responses for a catastrophe thousands of miles away, something ...
Qureshi N A - - 2011
Medication errors are globally huge in magnitude and associated with high morbidity and mortality together with high costs and legal problems. Medication errors are caused by multiple factors related to health providers, consumers and health system, but most prescribing errors are preventable. This paper is the third of 3 review ...
Abbasi Mahmoud - - 2011
The physician's acquittal has obsessed Iranian legislator's mind to a large extent. This is exclusively observed in Iranian statuses and specifically in Shi'ite school of though. Muslim jurists' opinions play a very important role in enacting legal articles related to it. After reviewing the literature, the authors tried to pick ...
Raad Raymond - - 2011
Relationships between physicians and industry are prevalent in medical education, clinical practice, and research, as well as at the level of medical institutions. These relationships can be valuable for the advancement of medicine but have also received increased scrutiny in recent years because they create conflicts of interest that pose ...
- - 2011
This document adopts as a final rule the Department of Veterans Affairs' (VA) proposal to amend VA adjudication, medical, and vocational rehabilitation and employment regulations to incorporate relevant provisions of the Veterans Benefits Act of 2003. Specifically, this document amends VA regulations regarding herbicide exposure of certain veterans who served ...
Riccioli Costanza - - 2011
E-prescription is amongst the most widespread medical electronic support functions. However, several studies reported acceptance and utilisation rates not as high as expected. This paper performs firstly an analysis of the literature on e-prescription characteristics and functionalities especially with respect to their actual usage. Then a specific field study was ...
Ortolon Ken - - 2011
A special committee of the Association of American Medical Colleges is recommending major changes to the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) to more closely align its subject matter with the science knowledge needed to practice 21st century medicine. But while the proposed new MCAT increases the emphasis on biochemistry and ...
Waller Stephen G - - 2011
Non-military government agencies and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have made great strides in the evaluation of humanitarian medical work, and have learned valuable lessons regarding monitoring and evaluation (M&E) that may be equally as valuable to military medical personnel. We reviewed the recent literature by the worldwide humanitarian community regarding the ...
Penciner Rick - - 2011
Background: Currently, there is no consensus on the core competencies required for emergency medicine (EM) clerkships in Canada. Existing EM curricula have been developed through informal consensus or local efforts. The Delphi process has been used extensively as a means for establishing consensus. Aim: The purpose of this project was ...
Scurria Serena - - 2011
In recent years, due to the increasingly hostile environment in the medical malpractice field and related lawsuits in Italy, physicians began informing themselves regarding their comprehensive medical malpractice coverage. In order to estimate the level of knowledge of medical professionals on liability insurance coverage for healthcare malpractice, a sample of ...
Eliason Michele J - - 2011
Little is known about the experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) physicians in the workplace. There is little formal education in medical school about LGBT issues, and some heterosexual physicians have negative attitudes about caring for LGBT patients or working with LGBT coworkers, setting the stage for an ...
Abbott Ryan B - - 2011
While the use of complementary, alternative and integrative medicine (CAIM) is substantial, it continues to exist at the periphery of allopathic medicine. Understanding the attitudes of medical students toward CAIM will be useful in understanding future integration of CAIM and allopathic medicine. This study was conducted to develop and evaluate ...
Gritzalis Konstantinos C - - 2011
Gout is a medical condition with typical recurrent attacks of acute inflammatory arthritis. The severity of this illness has been recognised from antiquity, and several ancient physicians studied it intensively. This paper presents the pathogenesis of the disease, approaches to therapy and preventive measures based on a number of original ...
Nakanishi Satoshi - - 2011
We conducted a questionnaire consciousness survey concerning qualification acquisition of licentiate and degrees among 406 radiological technologists working for medical facility in Mie Prefecture. We employed a mail-back questionnaire method. Then we analyzed relationships between progressive purpose and gender, age, and membership of the Japanese Society of Radiological Technology (JSRT). ...
Kononowicz Andrzej A - - 2011
Patient consents for distribution of multimedia constitute a significant element of medical case-based repositories in medicine. A technical challenge is posed by the right of patients to withdraw permission to disseminate their images or videos. A technical mechanism for spreading information about changes in multimedia usage licenses is sought. The ...
Law Oliver - - 2011
Manufacturer and supplier of LED theatre lights, HD camera systems, video integration technologies, and ceiling support units, Trumpf Medical Systems UK, and "logistical services" company Canute International Medical Services (CIMS), one of whose specialities is providing mobile medical units for diagnostic imaging, have entered into a partnership that will see ...
Kwizera Enoch N - - 2011
Indigenous sub-Saharan societies have, over the millennia, lived and socialised within the unwritten 'rules' of the 'Ubuntu' or similar philosophies that emphasises holistic 'humanness', and which is a form of 'social responsibility'. This article looks into some relevant social responsibility aspects of medical education in the South African context, with ...
Hamid Simon - - 2011
Several articles have been published over the last decade that describe the current role of medical operations (variously known as MEDCAPS- Medical Civic Action Programs, CMEs- Co-Operative Medical Engagements, etc.) in COIN and stability operations. Many of these articles focus on the experiences of healthcare and support personnel and their ...
Salma Umme - - 2011
The concept of male subfertility has evolved rapidly since 2000. This term is discussed based upon evidence relating to its first entrance into the literature, along with contemporary references to its purported incidence and prevalence. Factors affecting sperm quality are described in detail, and available data pertaining to the effects ...
Ward Peter J - - 2011
Background: Different approaches to study lead to differing academic outcomes. Deep and strategic approaches have been linked to academic success while surface approaches lead to poorer understandings. Aims: This study sought to characterize how the approaches to study used by medical students impacted their academic success as measured by three ...
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