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Results 201 - 250 of 446
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Bauer David T - - 2011
Medication label design is frequently a contributing factor to medication errors. Design regulations and recommendations have been predominantly aimed at manufacturers' product labels. Pharmacy-generated labels have received less scrutiny despite being an integral artifact throughout the medication use process. This article is an account of our efforts to improve the ...
Grover Sanjiv - - 2011
The aerospace environment is a dynamic interaction between man, machine and the environment. Skin diseases are not particularly significant aeromedically, yet they could permanently affect an aviator's status for continued flying duty. A number of dermatological conditions lend themselves to flying restrictions for the aviator. Aircrew and ground crew are ...
Lyons Joseph P - - 2011
U.S. physician offices are experiencing a revolutionary change in the microprocesses that have been the norm for documenting and communicating in regard to patient care for decades. While this revolution is welcome for dozens of reasons, migration of data storage from the paper-based record to electronic form affects physician work ...
Luther Vera P - - 2011
Despite significant advances in scientific knowledge and technology, ambiguity and uncertainty are still intrinsic aspects of contemporary medicine. To practice confidently and competently, a physician must learn rational approaches to complex and ambiguous clinical scenarios and must possess a certain degree of tolerance of ambiguity. In this commentary, the authors ...
Baer Wendy - - 2011
The rapid emergence of social media, including Facebook and YouTube, have added a new dimension to defining, teaching, and role modeling professionalism in the medical field. Explicit and consistent role modeling of professional behaviors are needed to encourage the development of professional physicians. The purpose of this article is to ...
Burns-Hernandez Lily - - 2011
Over the past four decades, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Harvard Medical School, Harvard University, Boston-area teaching hospitals, and an assortment of research centers have worked together in a unique collaboration that integrates science, medicine, and engineering to solve problems in human health. This collaboration is the Harvard-MIT Division ...
Doarn Charles R - - 2011
Abstract On December 7, 1988, an earthquake destroyed a significant portion of the Spitak Region of Soviet Armenia. The destruction resulted in significant death toll, building and infrastructure destroyed, and the displacement of hundreds of thousands of people. The entire local medical infrastructure was significantly damaged. Before the disaster, the ...
Giménez Manzorro Alvaro - - 2011
The aim of this article is to describe the methods used to develop the medication reconciliation programme implemented in a tertiary care hospital, and to discuss the main problems encountered and lessons learned during the process. A quasi-experimental study was carried out, analysing discrepancies between routine medication and drugs prescribed ...
Lakhtin Vladimir - - 2011
Occurrence, organization, and functioning of lectins as well as their current classifications are under investigation. Results indicate importance of symbiotic lectins for clinical microecology. Lectins and lectin-based approaches have wide perspectives for medical biotechnology. Lectin terms, relationships between lectins and enzymes are discussed.
- - 2011
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is issuing a final regulation to confirm, with one change, the interim final rule (IFR) entitled "Medical Devices; Exception From General Requirements for Informed Consent." This final rule confirms the IFR's establishment of a new exception from the general requirements for informed consent to ...
Round W H - - 2011
In many countries the education and training of medical physicists has changed over the last few decades from being rather ad hoc to becoming structured with residency programs becoming quite common. These are often followed by formal certification by independent bodies, and medical physics professional organizations (MPPOs) affirming the quality ...
Liu Chia-Hui - - 2011
Different patient-related information in medical organizations is the primary reference for medical personnel diagnosing, treating, and caring patients. With the rapid development of information technology, paper-based medical records have gradually been changed to electronic forms. However, different medical organizations present individual system specifications and data-saving formats so that the medical ...
Levy Mia A - - 2011
Chemotherapy administration is a highly complex and distributed task in both the inpatient and outpatient infusion center settings. The American Society of Clinical Oncology and the Oncology Nursing Society (ASCO/ONS) have developed standards that specify procedures and documentation requirements for safe chemotherapy administration. Yet paper-based approaches to medication administration have ...
Herzberg David - - 2011
In 1955 Carter Products launched its new tranquilizer Miltown with a huge marketing blitz; Miltown soon became one of America's earliest "blockbuster" celebrity drugs. In 1981, federal agents shut down a network of "stress clinics" and arrested the owners, medical staff, and other personnel for illegally trafficking in the sedative ...
Fickweiler Freek - - 2011
Introduction.  Little is known about the sexual lives and development of medical students because of relatively small sample sizes and, in particular, low response rates in research. Enhancing medical students' awareness and understanding of sexual behavior is imperative, as gaps in knowledge might impede effective sexual health consultations in their ...
Constantino-Casas Patricia - - 2011
Objective  A survey was organized to determine the general level of knowledge and attitudes of medical personnel towards clinical practice guidelines (CPG). Methods  A questionnaire modified from two validated instruments was used. Multi-stratified sampling was applied, and 1782 questionnaires were completed. Results  A total of 80.4% of physicians had regular ...
Lu Ying Y Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Pediatrics, North Shore-Long Island Jewish Health System, Cohen Children's Medical Center of New York, New Hyde Park, NY 11040, USA. - - 2011
Adolescents with inflammatory bowel disease face daily and long-term challenges that may be difficult for teenagers to manage. The developmental and psychosocial changes unique to this age group include becoming more autonomous and being more vulnerable to peer influence. These changes may lead to problems in medical management such as ...
Fausett M Bardett - - 2011
Checklists to guide critical procedures are becoming an increasingly important part of medical practice. These tools have proved effective in improving outcome in a variety of medical settings, including obstetrics. In this review, we outline essential principles of successful checklist creation and implementation and review our experience with checklist development ...
Lofwall Michelle R - - 2011
As office-based opioid dependence treatment (OBOT) has grown in the United States, postmarketing surveillance data reveal increased reports of buprenorphine misuse and diversion. It is important that doctors understand buprenorphine clinical pharmacology and engage in practices to decrease risk of misuse, diversion, and other adverse events. This study evaluated the ...
Desai Tejas - - 2011
Healthcare providers (HCPs) use online medical information for self-directed learning and patient care. Recently, the mobile internet has emerged as a new platform for accessing medical information as it allows mobile devices to access online information in a manner compatible with their restricted storage. We investigated mobile internet usage parameters ...
Sulosaari Virpi - - 2011
AIM: The aim of this review was to identify factors associated with nurse students' medication competence. BACKGROUND: Registered nurses play an important role in safe and effective medication management. Previous nursing literature has highlighted deficiencies in nurse students' medication competence, yet little is known about specific factors which are associated ...
Krupat Edward - - 2011
Medical Education 2011: 45: 625-635 Objectives  The objectives of this study were to determine the extent to which clinician-educators agree on definitions of critical thinking and to determine whether their descriptions of critical thinking in clinical practice are consistent with these definitions. Methods  Ninety-seven medical educators at five medical schools ...
Elder Andrew - - 2011
As a consequence of change in medical, educational and regulatory practice, MRCP(UK) successfully modified the international PACES examination in 2009. This brief paper explains the rationale for change and summarises the development and implementation process.
Bigal Marcelo E - - 2011
In a subgroup of individuals episodic migraine evolves into a stage where individuals have headaches on more days than not. Among the risk factors for chronification, excessive use of analgesic medications figure prominently and reviewing this topic is the scope of this article. The issue of causality is discussed and ...
Kim Kye S - - 2011
Nanomedicine is using nanotechnology in the medical application, which could range from medical use of nanomaterials in drug delivery and bio-imaging to development of nano-scale devices and sensors for diagnosis and therapy. Nanomedicine could also include methods to evaluate nanomaterials solely to ensure safe use through careful monitoring for potential ...
McIntosh Scott E - - 2011
The Wilderness Medical Society convened an expert panel to develop a set of evidence-based guidelines for the prevention and treatment of frostbite. We present a review of pertinent pathophysiology. We then discuss primary and secondary prevention measures and therapeutic management. Recommendations are made regarding each treatment and its role in ...
Schafer Allison M AM Department of Anesthesiology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC, - - 2011
This study provides preliminary data and a framework to facilitate cost comparisons for pharmacologic vs behavioral approaches to headache prophylactic treatment. There are few empirical demonstrations of cumulative costs for pharmacologic and behavioral headache treatments, and there are no direct comparisons of short- and long-range (5-year) costs for pharmacologic vs ...
Martin Jennifer L - - 2011
The healthcare industry is dependent upon the provision of well designed medical devices. To achieve this it is recommended that user-centred design should begin early, and continue throughout device development. This is a challenge, particularly for smaller companies who may lack the necessary expertise and knowledge. The aim of this ...
Chen Tingting - - 2011
The incorporation of electronic health care in medical institutions will benefit and thus further boost the collaborations in medical research among clinics and research institutions. However, privacy regulations and security concerns make such collaborations very restricted. In this paper, we propose privacy preserving models for survival curves comparison based on ...
Abdel-Tawab Rauja - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To develop and test a framework for evaluating the consultation skills of practitioners undertaking medication-related consultations. METHODS: Key components of medication-related consultations were identified through a literature review and compiled to form an initial consultation skills framework. This was iteratively refined through consultation with experts (n=21) to form the ...
Wall Anji - - 2011
Ethical problems are common in clinical medicine, so medical volunteers who practice clinical medicine in developing countries should expect to encounter them just as they would in their practice in the developed world. However, as this article argues, medical volunteers in developing countries should not expect to encounter the same ...
Perry Lora - - 2011
It is often said that most of the medical equipment in the developing world is broken with estimates ranging up to 96% out of service. But there is little documented evidence to support these statements. We wanted to quantify the amount of medical equipment that was out of service in ...
Nasterlack Michael - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: Occupational physicians face increasing pressure by health authorities, employers, and employees to provide practical, targeted, and meaningful medical surveillance to workers handling nanoparticles. METHODS:: On the basis of experience and literature review, examples were identified for successful medical surveillance activities. Consideration was given to the respective context in which ...
Rodway George W - - 2011
C. Raymond Greene (1901-1982) was a man of many talents. After graduating from medical school in 1927, he spent a decade in general practice. He subsequently became heavily involved in the emerging specialty of endocrinology and went on to gain considerable recognition in the treatment of thyroid disorders before eventually ...
Shen Chia-Ping - - 2011
Medical resources are important and necessary in health care. Recently, the development of methods for improving the efficiency of medical resource utilization is an emerging problem. Despite evidence supporting the use of order sets in hospitals, only a small number of health information systems have successfully equipped physicians with analysis ...
Tandeter Howard - - 2011
Abstract Background: Family Medicine/General Practice (FM/GP) has not developed in a similar way worldwide. In countries that are not primary care oriented, the discipline of FM/GP may be less developed because this is not a career option for medical graduates. In such a situation, FM/GP will not be regarded as ...
Gagnon Raymonde - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: to learn the adaptations and transformations that midwives from abroad must go through in order to integrate into the practice of Quebec midwifery, which is founded on a concept of birth akin to the holistic model. DESIGN: qualitative research achieved through semi-structured interviews with an ethnological approach for data ...
Lee C - - 2011
Digitizing medical records facilitates the healthcare process. However, it can also cause serious security and privacy problems, which are the major concern in the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). While various conventional encryption mechanisms can solve some aspects of these problems, they cannot address the illegal distribution of ...
Akinola Oluwole Busayo - - 2011
Human body dissection is a prerequisite for the training of health professionals and the conduct of medical research. However, most Nigerian medical schools experience difficulty obtaining an adequate and regular supply of human tissue. Presently, the major source of anatomical material comes from unclaimed bodies collected from hospital mortuaries. However, ...
Tomaszewski Wiesław - - 2011
The use of information technologies in health care systems around the world dates back to the 1970s. But it was only the dynamic development of information technology in the 1990s that enabled significant development of IT systems supporting broadly defined medical activity. The ongoing process of transformation of the Polish ...
Leslie Laurel K - - 2011
Public Law (P.L.) 110-351, the "Fostering Connections to Success Act," calls for state child welfare agencies to partner with Medicaid and pediatric experts to provide planning and oversight regarding the provision of health and mental health services, including medication, to children in state custody. Recent reports, media cases, and class ...
Garguilo John J - - 2011
Abstract We present a black-box messaging test approach employed to achieve a level of rigor which improves-if not assures, given no optionality-correct data exchange. In particular, we verify that physiological information derived and communicated via messaging from a source medical device (e.g., an infusion pump) or healthcare information system, to ...
Wieser Bernhard - - 2011
How is it possible to deploy the law to create and perform accountability? To answer this question, I address the argumentative function of the law in order to legitimize genetic medicine. Using interview data, I will in particular elaborate on how medical experts strive to convince interviewing social scientists that ...
Glaser John - - 2011
Strategies that healthcare finance professionals should incorporate to help their organizations respond effectively to payment reforms include: Assessing the organization's ability to capture and share relevant data. Educating themselves, the board of trustees, and the medical staff on pertinent rules as payment reforms are rolled out. Examining inefficiencies related to ...
Herrmann Janne Rothmar - - 2011
By exploring the central legal principles and issues regarding usage of the dead body in healthcare and especially in medical training, this article aims at drawing some general conclusions on the legal status of the dead body and the protection of the deceased's integrity, dignity and autonomy. The article demonstrates ...
Cruess Richard L - - 2011
Professionalism is the basis of medicine's social contract with society. The details of that contract are influenced by the presence or absence of a national health plan. In countries with such a plan, unlike in the United States, negotiations are dictated by the nature of medicine's contract with society and ...
Bongers L M H - - 2011
In the Netherlands the physician is still bound to professional confidentiality after the patient's death. However, in the legal doctrine and in case law some exceptions have been recognized, especially for circumstances where the relatives have a legitimate interest in the inspection of medical records of the deceased. Today developments ...
Austad Kirsten E - - 2011
The relationship between health professionals and the pharmaceutical industry has become a source of controversy. Physicians' attitudes towards the industry can form early in their careers, but little is known about this key stage of development. We performed a systematic review reported according to PRISMA guidelines to determine the frequency ...
Somaini Lorenzo - - 2011
Cocaine dependence is characterized by compulsive drug seeking and high vulnerability to relapse. Overall, cocaine remains one of the most used illicit drugs in the world. Given the difficulty of achieving sustained recovery, pharmacotherapy of cocaine addiction remains one of the most important clinical challenges. Recent advances in neurobiology, brain ...
Alamri Alexander - - 2011
Sir Victor Horsley is well known for his pioneering work as a neurological surgeon but his vital contributions to the regulation and advancement of the medical profession are less well understood. This archived literature review of The Horsley collection of papers (UCL Special Collections Library) documents Sir Victor's campaign for ...
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