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Shah Nirav J - - 2011
Anesthesia information management systems (AIMS) have become more prevalent as more sophisticated hardware and software have increased usability and reliability. National mandates and incentives have driven adoption as well. AIMS can be developed in one of several software models (Web based, client/server, or incorporated into a medical device). Irrespective of ...
Hexsel Doris - - 2011
Cellulite is characterized by alterations to the skin surface, presenting as dimpled or puckered skin of the buttocks and posterior and lateral thighs. It mainly affects women. Cellulite occurrence is believed to be due to structural, inflammatory, morphological and biochemical alterations of the subcutaneous tissue. However, its pathogenesis is not ...
Grammaticos Philip C - - 2011
Original papers of social interest from all medical specialties are not usually presented in Medical Meetings. In our financially and socially difficult days, the need for medical contribution to support the needs of our society is more than welcome. Governments around the world issue regulations or laws addressed to physicians ...
Mahoney P F - - 2011
Contemporary combat casualty care has never been more sophisticated or effective, which is matched by an unprecedented level of clinical complexity. The management of this complexity has demanded the evolution of a more direct clinical leadership model in the field hospital: the Deployed Medical Director (DMD). The DMD has a ...
Tai N R M - - 2011
In this article the process of operating room resuscitation - commonly known as Right Turn Resuscitation (RTR) when conducted in the medical treatment facility at Camp Bastion - is described. The place of RTR within the concepts of damage control resuscitation and surgery is discussed along with activation criteria and ...
Grammaticos Philip C - - 2011
In this paper we try to describe the importance of a dignified behavior of the physician to his students, colleagues, patients and the society. We come to the conclusion that even if the other party is not showing the best of behavior, the physician has not only the responsibility and ...
Bogenschutz Michael P - - 2011
Medical settings such as emergency departments (EDs) present an opportunity to identify and provide services for individuals with substance use problems who might otherwise never receive any form of assessment, referral, or intervention. Although screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment models have been extensively studied and are considered effective ...
Millichap John J - - 2011
The term "journal club" traditionally refers to a gathering of physicians for the critical review of current medical literature and discussion regarding the clinical application of the results. Since the formation of the first documented journal club over 130 years ago, the organization and purpose of this academic tool has ...
Gottlieb Nora - - 2011
In the context of neo-liberal retrenchments humanitarian NGOs have become alternative healthcare providers that partially fill the vacuum left by the welfare state's withdrawal from the provision of services to migrants and other marginalized populations. In many cases they thus help to build legitimacy for the state's retreat from social ...
Sever Mehmet Sukru - - 2011
The period between the 2 World Wars was a time of budding interest in renal studies and one that closed in major geopolitical unrest, culminating in World War II. The life of Erich Frank (1884-1957) and his contributions to chronic kidney disease provide considerable insight into this period. Frank began ...
Macnaughton Jane - - 2011
Medicine is predicated on a view of human nature that is highly positivist and atomistic. This is apparent in the way in which its students are taught, clinical consultations are structured and medical evidence is generated. The field of medical humanities originally emerged as a challenge to this overly narrow ...
McKibbon K Ann - - 2012
The US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality funded an evidence report to address seven questions on multiple aspects of the effectiveness of medication management information technology (MMIT) and its components (prescribing, order communication, dispensing, administering, and monitoring). Medline and 11 other databases without language or date limitations to mid-2010. ...
Unwin Gemma L - - 2011
The use of medications to manage problem behaviours is widespread. However, robust evidence to support their use seems to be lacking. The aim was to review research evidence into the efficacy of atypical antipsychotic medication in managing problem behaviour in children with intellectual disabilities and borderline intelligence. A systematic review ...
Stack Richard S - - 2011
Regulatory and financial challenges conspire to stall the development and market approval of breakthrough medical products. Inconsistent parameters are used to assess the safety and efficacy of drugs, biologics, and devices; this glitch in the system introduces uncertainty, slows or blocks product approvals, and increases the costs of product development. ...
Moores B M - - 2011
The use of ionising radiation in medicine is the single largest man-made source of population exposure. Individual and collective doses to patients arising from the medical use of ionising radiations continue to rise significantly year on year. This is due to the increasing use of medical imaging procedures in modern ...
De Vreese Leen - - 2011
The question what scientific progress means for a particular domain such as medicine seems importantly different from the question what scientific progress is in general. While the latter question received ample treatment in the philosophical literature, the former question is hardly discussed. I argue that it is nonetheless important to ...
Millin Michael G - - 2011
Abstract In the development of an emergency medical services (EMS) system, medical directors should consider the implementation of protocols for the termination of resuscitation (TOR) of nontraumatic cardiopulmonary arrest. Such protocols have the potential to decrease unnecessary use of warning lights and sirens and save valuable public health resources. Termination-of-resuscitation ...
Challoner David R - - 2011
The recently released Institute of Medicine (IOM) report Medical Devices and the Public's Health: The FDA 510(k) Clearance Process at 35 Years recommends that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) begin to develop a new regulatory framework for moderate-risk (class II) medical devices.(1) Regulation of devices began in 1938, and ...
Little Miles - - 2011
Rationale, aims and objectives  To examine the nature, scope and significance of virtues in the biographies of medical practitioners and to determine what kind of virtues are at play in their ethical behaviour and reflection. Methods  A case study involving 19 medical practitioners associated with the Sydney Medical School, using ...
LeBlanc Thomas W - - 2012
A physician's obligations to deliver compassionate care do not end with a patient's death. When a patient dies there remains a responsibility to assist grieving family members. Unfortunately, many physicians feel ill prepared to assist in the bereavement process, not knowing what to say or how to say it. Although ...
Young Allan - - 2011
Medical anthropology is the smallest and perhaps least understood of the social and behavioral sciences of medicine. In this article, we indicate what makes the field distinctive and describe significant developments during the past two decades.
Lecornu L - - 2011
All patient-related medical information during a hospital stay in France, has to be collected and coded in the compilation of medical units discharge documents, according to a standardized approach. The process of describing a patient disease in terms of appropriate diagnostic codes is nevertheless, a non-intuitive operation for the physician. ...
Ghasri Pedram - - 2011
Background: Combination therapy is a common and appropriate treatment strategy for moderate-to-severe psoriasis, as it provides for enhanced efficacy and decreased toxicity compared to the use of a single agent. Acitretin is an effective oral retinoid for psoriasis that seems to find its greatest value when complemented by other topical ...
Francis Charles - - 2011
This paper examines the architecture and efficacy of Quash, an automated medical bill processing system capable of bill routing and abuse detection. Quash is designed to be used in conjunction with human auditors and a standard bill review software platform to provide a complete cost containment solution for medical claims. ...
Maier Shana L - - 2011
While Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner programs have improved the treatment of rape victims by offering more compassionate and thorough treatment, SANEs believe victims continue to face revictimization by the medical, criminal justice and legal systems. The purpose of this research is to explore SANEs' perceptions of the revictimization of rape ...
Guillen Sergio - - 2011
The aim of this paper is to describe the solution that has been developed in Valencia Region (Spain) to provide health professionals (physicians and nurses) access to all the functionalities of a Hospital Information System (HIS) already available at fixed clients workstations. These functionalities are adapted to the care process ...
Maulucci Ruth A - - 2011
Misuse of medications is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. The pervasiveness of non-adherence to medications is having significant health care implications, including costly and distressing hospitalization. This paper presents a new method for delivering medication instructions that incorporates all aspects of all medications in a regimen into one ...
Li Min - - 2011
Hainan is an island province in south China with a high frequency of unconventional emergencies due to its special geographic location and national military defense role. Given the limited transportation route from Hainan to the outside world, self-rescue is more important to Hainan Province than other provinces in China and ...
Dykewicz Mark S - - 2011
Whereas very mild rhinitis may be simply and successfully self-managed by patients using medications available over the counter, most patients with rhinitis who present to medical offices have more severe rhinitis that may need a more comprehensive diagnostic and therapeutic approach. Optimal care may require special diagnostic studies and combination ...
Trivedi Harsh K - - 2011
The medical home concept has been in existence since the late 1960s and has recently been significantly broadened to encompass comprehensive primary care for all patient populations throughout the lifespan. This article provides (1) a review of the foundations and evolution of the medical home concept; (2) an analysis of ...
Chaiklin Harris - - 2011
This is a review of the state of the art in Medical Sociology. Three approaches are used. One is looking at the work of the pioneers. Another approach involves examining textbooks, books of reading, and handbooks. The third approach is reporting on the 50th anniversary of the Medical Sociology Section ...
Bean Lora J - - 2011
PURPOSE:: Medical students often perceive genetics as a discipline focused on rare diseases with relevance only to genetics specialists. Because genetic testing has now infiltrated most if not all medical disciplines, we need new teaching approaches to help trainees incorporate emerging genetic testing strategies appropriately into medical practice. With the ...
Reiter Harald - - 2011
Functional textiles are seen as promising technology to enable healthcare services and medical care outside hospitals due to their ability to integrate textile-based sensing and monitoring technologies into the daily life. In the past much effort has been spent onto basic functional textile research already showing that reliable monitoring solutions ...
Polinski Jennifer M - - 2011
To evaluate the literature regarding the effect of Medicare Part D on the under- and overuse of specific medications and corresponding health outcomes. Systematic review. Medline search of the peer-reviewed literature from January 1, 2006, to October 8, 2010. Medicare beneficiaries who obtained drug insurance from the Part D program. ...
Millin Michael G - - 2011
Abstract With increasing demands for emergency medical services (EMS), many EMS jurisdictions are utilizing EMS provider-initiated nontransport policies as a method to offload potentially nonemergent patients from the EMS system. EMS provider determination of medical necessity, resulting in nontransport of patients, has the potential to avert unnecessary emergency department visits. ...
Wetzel Angela P - - 2012
As North American medical schools reformulate curricula in response to public calls for better patient safety, surprisingly little research is available to explain and improve the translation of medical students' knowledge and attitudes into desirable patient safety behaviors in the clinical setting. A total of 139 fourth-year medical students at ...
Hyams Elias S - - 2011
PURPOSE: A kidney stone event in a commercial aviation pilot has significant vocational implications since the Federal Aviation Administration specifically prohibits medical certification in the setting of recent or recurrent stone disease. Given these serious concerns, an understanding of the burden of stone disease on the commercial aviation community is ...
Dharamsi Shafik - - 2011
There is a growing demand for educating future physicians to be socially responsible. It is not clear, however, how social responsibility is understood and acted on in medical education and practice, particularly within the context of a growing desire to improve health care through an equitable and sustainable delivery system. ...
Saniotis Arthur - - 2011
In the 21st century human life has been profoundly changed by developments in sanitation, medical interventions and public health measures. Practically every person born into a developed nation population has a chance to survive throughout entire reproductive life and well beyond. Human body has evolved in the past adaptations to ...
Anagnostis Ellena - - 2011
Purpose: In light of formulary management guidelines from the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP), and discussion of pharmacies' noncompliance with recent Joint Commission accreditation requirements, the University HealthSystem Consortium conducted a formulary management survey to determine member institutions' standard of practice. Methods: An electronic survey was distributed to 227 ...
Smith Richard - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: With increasing globalization, many countries are considering opening their health systems to greater cross-border movement of patients. This is usually done from the viewpoint of a multi-lateral trade relationship. This paper considers the issues that arise from this debate from a bi-lateral perspective. METHODS: A systematic literature review was ...
Norrington Amy - - 2011
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a common condition affecting young people. The medical management of AN on a general paediatric ward is challenging. It is important to identify young people who are at risk of medical complications, so early intervention can be instigated. This article aims to review the clinical practice ...
Friberg E G - - 2011
To identify the level of compliance with the new radiation protection regulation among Norwegian health care enterprises (HCEs). Totally, 41 HCEs were authorised to use advanced X-ray equipment for medical purposes during 2005-07. Follow-up inspections with 14 HCEs were carried out during 2007-09. Main topics for the inspections were those ...
Yen Yi-Chung - - 2011
Medication error can easily cause serious health damage to inpatients in hospital. Consequently, the whole society has to spend huge amount of extra resources for additional therapies and medication on those affected inpatients. In order to prevent medication errors, secure inpatient medication administration system is required in a hospital. Using ...
Neoh K G - - 2011
Metals are widely used in engineering as well as medical applications. However, their surfaces are easily colonized by bacteria that form biofilms. Among the numerous concerns with biofilm formation, biocorrosion is of particular importance in industry, because structural integrity may be compromised, leading to technical failures. In the food industry ...
Bauer David T - - 2011
Medication label design is frequently a contributing factor to medication errors. Design regulations and recommendations have been predominantly aimed at manufacturers' product labels. Pharmacy-generated labels have received less scrutiny despite being an integral artifact throughout the medication use process. This article is an account of our efforts to improve the ...
Grover Sanjiv - - 2011
The aerospace environment is a dynamic interaction between man, machine and the environment. Skin diseases are not particularly significant aeromedically, yet they could permanently affect an aviator's status for continued flying duty. A number of dermatological conditions lend themselves to flying restrictions for the aviator. Aircrew and ground crew are ...
Lyons Joseph P - - 2011
U.S. physician offices are experiencing a revolutionary change in the microprocesses that have been the norm for documenting and communicating in regard to patient care for decades. While this revolution is welcome for dozens of reasons, migration of data storage from the paper-based record to electronic form affects physician work ...
Luther Vera P - - 2011
Despite significant advances in scientific knowledge and technology, ambiguity and uncertainty are still intrinsic aspects of contemporary medicine. To practice confidently and competently, a physician must learn rational approaches to complex and ambiguous clinical scenarios and must possess a certain degree of tolerance of ambiguity. In this commentary, the authors ...
Baer Wendy - - 2011
The rapid emergence of social media, including Facebook and YouTube, have added a new dimension to defining, teaching, and role modeling professionalism in the medical field. Explicit and consistent role modeling of professional behaviors are needed to encourage the development of professional physicians. The purpose of this article is to ...
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