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Cosci Fiammetta - - 2012
The notion that personality variables can affect vulnerability to specific diseases has been widely promoted in psychosomatic medicine. Over the time, some personality patterns have been extensively studied. Among them, alexithymia, type A, and type D personality are the most relevant. However, also temperament and character has increasingly been object ...
Marcoux Rita M - - 2011
Numerous models are employed for medication distribution and pharmacy services management in correctional facilities. Since 2003, the University of Rhode Island College of Pharmacy and the Rhode Island Department of Corrections (RIDOC) have collaborated on a pharmacy management program designed to better integrate medical care, improve medication utilization, and reduce ...
Moellering Robert C RC - - 2011
Fifty years ago methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) first revealed themselves to the medical community, having been described in a landmark article published in the British Medical Journal. Among other things, their discovery set off a major response from the scientific and medical professions to control or even eliminate them as ...
Kushner Robert F - - 2011
Recent discoveries of processes that govern regulation of body weight and energy expenditure have led to development of new anti-obesity pharmacological agents. This article will inform health professionals of new anti-obesity medications that target neuronal systems within the central nervous system (CNS) and peripheral humoral proteins that send signals to ...
El Sayed Mazen J - - 2012
Measuring quality in Emergency Medical Services (EMSs) systems is challenging. This paper reviews the current approaches to measuring quality in health care and EMS with a focus on currently used clinical performance indicators in EMS systems (US and international systems). The different types of performance indicators, the advantages and limitations ...
Polašek Ozren - - 2011
Objectives To investigate the medical informatics scientific output in 33 European countries. Methods Medical Subject Heading term "medical informatics" was used to identify all relevant articles published in 1998-2007 and indexed in the Medline database. The number of articles was adjusted to the population size of each included country in ...
Yorgason Joshua G - - 2011
Drug ototoxicity represents one of the main preventable causes of deafness. Ototoxicity is a trait shared by aminoglycoside and macrolide antibiotics, antimalarial medications, loop diuretics, platinum-based chemotherapeutic agents, some NSAIDs and most recently described, acetaminophen when abused with narcotic medication. These medications are prescribed despite their side effects, which includes ...
Tse S M - - 2011
Despite the availability of several classes of asthma medications and their overall effectiveness, a significant portion of patients fail to respond to these therapeutic agents. Evidence suggests that genetic factors may partly mediate the heterogeneity in asthma treatment response. This review discusses important findings in asthma pharmacogenetic and pharmacogenomic studies ...
Nordqvist Petra - - 2011
Assisted conception involving donor insemination challenges cultural idioms of parenthood and family; there is now a growing body of work exploring how women and couples negotiate becoming a family in this way. But sperm donation also raises questions on the more intimate levels of sex, sexuality and sexual bodies, and ...
Willis Cameron D - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: At the time of licensing by regulatory agencies, the full range of risks and possible adverse drug reactions associated with a medication is rarely fully realized. This commentary aims to describe the role of registries as useful components of postmarketing pharmacovigilance systems for monitoring highly specialized medications associated with ...
Taylor Ian L - - 2012
The impact of health care reform on academic medical centers will be just as great as it is on community practices. The economics of academic medical centers and training programs has been challenging, and will become even more so as funding is cut and the demand for regional integrated systems ...
Ebbers Hans C - - 2011
Concerns emanating from the medical community about the safety and efficacy of biosimilars indicate an increasing distrust of the outcome of the drug regulatory process. To illustrate this, we analysed the creation of the European biosimilar regulatory framework, specifically focussing on the guidelines outlining approval criteria for biosimilar erythropoietins, which ...
Rotgans Jerome I - - 2011
The present study aimed at providing an overview of the most common themes of research into medical education. Changes in frequency of occurrence of these themes over time and differences between US and European journals were studied. The most productive institutions and researchers in the field were examined. A content ...
Ho Ming-Jung - - 2011
PURPOSE: Medical professionalism has gained global attention over the past decade, but there is a paucity of literature on the universal applicability of the dominant professionalism framework developed in the West. This study proposes an institutional approach to build a framework for medical professionalism that incorporates historical and sociocultural contexts. ...
Gutiérrez José María - - 2011
Animal-derived antivenoms constitute the mainstay in the therapy of snakebite envenoming. Antivenoms are manufactured by immunizing animals, usually horses, with venoms from a single or several medically-relevant snake species. Antivenoms are constituted by either whole IgG molecules or the immunoglobulin fragments F(ab')₂ and Fab, obtained by digestion with pepsin and ...
Tallentire Victoria R - - 2011
Medical Education 2011: 45: 995-1005 Context  A particularly onerous aspect of the transition from medical student to practising doctor concerns the necessity to be able to rapidly identify acutely unwell patients and initiate appropriate resuscitation. These are skills in which many graduates feel poorly prepared and are considered by some ...
Greysen S Ryan - - 2011
This review synthesises research published in the traditional and 'grey' literature to promote a broader understanding of the history and current status of medical education in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). We performed an extensive review and analysis of existing literature on medical education in SSA. Relevant literature was identified through searches ...
Prasad Vinay - - 2011
Background: Seminal papers on medical professionalism demonstrate a link between medical school behavior and future disciplinary action by medical boards. Other groups have studied whether negative comments on a student's Dean's letter predict problems as residents. Various groups have tried to provide concrete examples of professionalism, including a number of ...
Suzuki Koichi - - 2011
Leprosy is a chronic infectious disorder caused by Mycobacterium leprae, which mainly affects skin and peripheral nerves. It is classified as either paucibacillary or multibacillary based upon clinical manifestations and slit-skin smear results. It is speculated that leprosy develops after a long latency period following M. leprae infection. However, the ...
Srinivasan Malathi - - 2011
Most medical faculty receive little or no training about how to be effective teachers, even when they assume major educational leadership roles. To identify the competencies required of an effective teacher in medical education, the authors developed a comprehensive conceptual model. After conducting a literature search, the authors met at ...
Baum B J - - 2011
Saliva, a biofluid historically well-studied biochemically and physiologically, has entered the post-genomic 'omics' era, where its proteomic, genomic, and microbiome constituents have been comprehensively deciphered. The translational path of these salivary constituents has begun toward a variety of personalized individual medical applications, including early detection of cancer. Salivary diagnostics is ...
Dhar Shweta U - - 2012
Purpose:Physicians entering medical practice in the 21st century will require more than a basic understanding of human genetics because of rapid progress in the field of genetics and genomics. The current undergraduate medical curriculum at most institutions is not adequate to prepare medical students for these challenges. Enhancing exposure to ...
Dhar Shweta U - - 2011
PURPOSE:: Physicians entering medical practice in the 21st century will require more than a basic understanding of human genetics because of rapid progress in the field of genetics and genomics. The current undergraduate medical curriculum at most institutions is not adequate to prepare medical students for these challenges. Enhancing exposure ...
Soldati Gustavo Taboada - - 2012
We analyzed the Fulni-ô medical system and introduced its intermedical character based on secondary data published in the literature. Then we focused on the medicinal plants known to the ethnic group, describing the most important species, their therapeutic uses and the body systems attributed to them. We based this analysis ...
Thomas Cindy Parks - - 2012
To better understand barriers associated with the adoption and use of electronic prescribing of controlled substances (EPCS), a practice recently established by US Drug Enforcement Administration regulation. Prescribers of controlled substances affiliated with a regional health system were surveyed regarding current electronic prescribing (e-prescribing) activities, current prescribing of controlled substances, ...
Sansone Randy A - - 2011
Abstract Objective. In this study, we examined relationships between five types of childhood trauma and 17 disruptive behaviors in the medical setting. Methods. Using a cross-sectional consecutive sample of 394 internal medicine outpatients, we surveyed participants about five types of childhood trauma (i.e. witnessing of violence, physical neglect, emotional abuse, ...
Salman Y Batu - - 2011
A usable medical information system should allow for reliable and accurate interaction between users and the system in emergencies. A participatory design approach was used to develop a medical information system in two Turkish hospitals. The process consisted of task and user analysis, an icon design survey, initial icon design, ...
Rolando Maurizio - - 2011
Ophthalmic preservatives, such as polyquaternium-1 (PQ-1), are critical for the inhibition of growth of microbial contaminants in multi-dose bottles of topical medications. These antimicrobial agents must have a high efficacy against pathogenic organisms, while maintaining a favorable tolerability and safety profile. This review focuses on the ophthalmic preservative PQ-1. For ...
Lambert Byron J - - 2011
Radiation and ethylene oxide terminal sterilization are the two most frequently used processes in the medical device industry to render product within the final sterile barrier package free from viable microorganisms. They are efficacious, safe, and efficient approaches to the manufacture of sterile product. Terminal sterilization is routinely applied to ...
Bridge Simon - - 2011
Background Taking a medical history is an effective way of finding out important information about the patient and their presenting problem/s but this approach may inadvertently be disempowering for the patient. An increased sense of agency can increase the likelihood of behavioural change, so facilitating empowerment of the patient in ...
Lee Hung-Chang - - 2011
Security control of Electronic Medical Record (EMR) is a mechanism used to manage electronic medical records files and protect sensitive medical records document from information leakage. Researches proposed the Role-Based Access Control(RBAC). However, with the increasing scale of medical institutions, the access control behavior is difficult to have a detailed ...
Elliott David - - 2011
This journal can flag, on its behalf, two 40th birthdays for the European Undersea Biomedical Society (EUBS); one now in 2011, and the other in 2013. Launching a new Society needed a lengthy incubation, but that gap was primarily to avoid a clash with the 1972 Underwater Physiology Symposium. Not ...
Monrad Seetha U - - 2011
Despite the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders in the United States, physicians have received inadequate training during medical school on how to examine, diagnose, and manage these conditions. This article provides an overview of the existing literature on undergraduate medical musculoskeletal education, including learning objectives, researched methodology, and currently utilized assessment ...
Richmond Sandra L - - 2011
Empirical evidence has identified that medication errors occur in the school setting; however, there is little research that identifies medication error prevention strategies specific to the school environment. This article reviews common medication errors that occur in the school setting and presents potential medication prevention strategies, such as developing medication ...
Kim Jeong Chul - - 2011
Recently, new approaches for miniaturization and transportability of medical devices have been developed, paving the way for wearability and the possibility of implantation, for renal replacement therapies. A wearable artificial kidney (WAK) is a medical device that supports renal function during ambulation or social activities out of hospital. With the ...
Hanna Samir Abdallah - - 2011
The issue of life-ending has been a source of considerations since the dawn of civilization, and calls for great circumspection when one attempts to fit it socially throughout the history of human thinking. The development and improvement of Medicine might modify, in most cases, the natural history of disease. We ...
Desai Sapan S - - 2011
Competition of interest may exist at all levels in the medical publication process. Ensuring the integrity of scientific scholarship involves protecting editorial independence, promoting the use of scientific arbitration boards, promoting transparency throughout all stages of publication, and protecting the relationship between the publisher and its editors through an effective ...
Perret Danielle - - 2011
The practice of contemporary pain medicine is laced with a number of significant ethical challenges. Considerable difficulties include the overutilization of interventional procedures, the application of under-evidenced treatment modalities, and potentially superfluous opioid prescribing. As with many other fields in medicine, including orthopedic surgery, relationships with industry are both common ...
Lynn David C - - 2011
Medical civil-military operations are important for deployed military medical units engaged in counter-insurgency missions. There are few reports on military support for a host nation's military medical infrastructure, and we describe an initiative of the 21st Combat Support Hospital in 2010 during the postsurge phase of Operation Iraqi Freedom and ...
Zhao Min - - 2011
Medical disputes have been increasing in recent years in China, which cause growing tension between doctors and patients. In many locations, it has started as a practice of exploring diversified dispute settlement methods. Great importance has been attached to the non-lawsuit model through third-party mediation, which might have been led ...
Grace Marcy B - - 2011
Following the attacks of 11 September 2001, emergency preparedness within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, as well as at the Department of Defense and other federal agencies, received higher visibility, new mandates and increased funding. Emergency deployment teams increased the frequency of drills to enable better response ...
Chambers James A - - 2011
Recent exchanges between the United States and China at the presidential and cabinet level have emphasized the need for an enhanced military-to-military relationship to further mutual understanding and promote cooperation. This article explores the historic context of military medical relations between the two nations as well as the rationale and ...
Yang Lei - - 2011
Carbon nanostructures (including carbon nanofibers, nanostructured diamond, fullerene materials and so forth) possess extraordinary physiochemical, mechanical and electrical properties attractive to bioengineers and medical researchers. In the past decade, numerous developments towards the fabrication and biological studies of carbon nanostructures have provided opportunities to improve orthopedic applications. Therefore, the aim ...
Russell Cynthia L - - 2011
Medication nonadherence is a challenging and prevalent problem in older adults. Effective medication management involves successfully completing a complex group of behaviors. Meta-analyses and narrative review findings support limited benefits to medication adherence with interventions preoccupied with personal characteristics, intention, and motivation. Evidence supports a paradigm shift toward changing personal ...
Scott Judith A - - 2011
PURPOSE:: To develop a sustainable approach to Recovery Audit Contractor medical necessity readiness that mitigates the regulatory and financial risks of the organization. PRIMARY PRACTICE SETTING:: Acute care hospitals. CONCLUSIONS:: Utilizing the model for improvement and plan-do-study-act methodology, this health system designed and implemented a medical necessity case management program. ...
Khan Fazal - - 2011
This article focuses on how an often-overlooked portion of PPACA, "Community Transformation Grants," might close the evidence gap in the relationship between obesity and the built environment and provide a pathway to effectively address this medically and economically costly epidemic.
Dalsing Michael C - - 2011
The physician/surgeon's interactions with industry have come under scrutiny in recent years for several reasons. Although some think that the professional medical association or society may provide an avenue to allow such interactions with less risk, there are concerns and challenges for such organizations as it relates to ethical and ...
Elliott Bruce M - - 2011
Specialty medical societies such as Society for Vascular Surgery (SVS) are instrumental in the development and dissemination of medical knowledge through scientific presentations, publication of rigorously peer-reviewed writings, awarding competitive research and training grants, and the provision of high-quality continuing medical education (CME). It is vital that in these roles ...
Bonangelino Pablo - - 2011
Challenging statistical issues often arise in the design and analysis of clinical trials to assess safety and effectiveness of medical devices in the regulatory setting. The use of Bayesian methods in the design and analysis of medical device clinical trials has been increasing significantly in the past decade, not only ...
Nations Joel Anthony - - 2011
Combat medical care provides unique challenges and opportunities for military medical teams. The austerity of the environment severely limits access to many diagnostic and therapeutic tools. Because of their compact size, handheld ultrasound (US) machines are increasingly being used in these constrained environments. A growing body of literature documents the ...
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