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Padela Aasim I - - 2011
Since the 1980s, Islamic scholars and medical experts have used the tools of Islamic law to formulate ethico-legal opinions on brain death. These assessments have varied in their determinations and remain controversial. Some juridical councils such as the Organization of Islamic Conferences' Islamic Fiqh Academy (OIC-IFA) equate brain death with ...
Porter Paul W - - 2011
The association between the laryngeal saccule and a laryngocele is an important clinical relationship. Here, we describe this and other clinical correlations of the saccule including infection and carcinoma and suggest that these should be discussed in medical gross anatomy courses. We also briefly present some descriptive information on the ...
Salstrom Jennifer L - - 2011
Two toddlers presented to their primary medical providers with anasarca and severe anemia. Laboratory evaluation revealed iron deficiency along with hypoproteinemia and hypoalbuminemia. Both children were diagnosed with iron deficiency anemia and were suspected to have an associated protein-losing enteropathy. A brief review of the literature is provided, and data ...
Tidey Jennifer W JW Center for Alcohol & Addiction Studies, Brown University, 121 South Main Street, Providence, RI 02912, USA. - - 2012
Serious mental illness (SMI) is associated with high rates of tobacco and other drug dependence, poor treatment compliance, obesity and low levels of physical activity, which have severe medical and psychosocial consequences. Interventions that effectively reduce these health risk behaviors among people with SMI are urgently needed. Published reports from ...
Huang Zhengxing - - 2011
PURPOSE: Clinicians rely on a large amount of medical knowledge when performing clinical work. In clinical environment, clinical organizations must exploit effective methods of seeking and recommending appropriate medical knowledge in order to help clinicians perform their work. METHOD: Aiming at supporting medical knowledge search more accurately and realistically, this ...
Beheshti Michael V - - 2011
Central venous access has become a mainstay of modern interventional radiology practice. Its history has paralleled and enabled many current medical therapies. This short overview provides an interesting historical perspective of these increasingly common interventional procedures.
Hooker Claire - - 2011
In this paper we articulate a growing awareness within the field of the ways in which medical humanities could be deemed expressive of Western cultural values. The authors suggest that medical humanities is culturally limited by a pedagogical and scholarly emphasis on Western cultural artefacts, as well as a tendency ...
Wang Jie-Hua - - 2011
This paper suggests a novel approach concerning the medical treatment of human beings, which appears to be economically and practically superior to either biomedicine or traditional medicine. A brand new medical system-Hehe () medicine, has been proposed based on a preventive-biomedical-psycho-social treatment model. This is characterized by a dual approach ...
Cooper P David - - 2011
Dear Editor, By focussing on the details of the Watson case, I believe Bryan Walpole has missed the thrust of my earlier letter. I agree this was a complex case, which is why I deliberately avoided the murky specifics in order to consider the 'big-picture' ramifications of the judgement. My ...
Franko Orrin I - - 2011
The development and distribution of mobile applications, or apps, designed for medical professionals and patients is quickly expanding, and within this group are apps designed specifically for orthopedic use. Currently, the most popular mobile apps are sponsored by private companies and focus on delivering device-specific information. If this trend toward ...
Lucan Sean C - - 2011
In this poem, the author discusses the advancement of technology in the medical field. He also explores the impact of such technological advances have on therapeutic processes. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2011 APA, all rights reserved).
Al Alwan Ibrahim - - 2011
Context: The College of Medicine at King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences (KSAU-HS) is running a PBL-based curriculum. A progress test was used to evaluate components of the basic medical and clinical sciences curriculum. Objective: To evaluate the performance of students at different levels of the college of ...
Krauss Gregory L - - 2011
Recent evidence suggests that medically resistant epilepsy can be identified if seizures persist despite adequate doses of 2 appropriate first-line antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). Patients with medically resistant epilepsy should have their seizures carefully characterized in order to confirm their diagnosis, select treatment, and assist in determining prognosis. Patients should be ...
Battistella Elisa - - 2011
The use of biomaterials in dentistry is more widespread than in any other medical field in terms of both amount and variety. Most of them were not originally designed for dental applications but for other medical applications or, sometimes, for no medical purposes. Among these materials, biodegradable materials play an ...
Gosselink Manon J - - 2011
Background:  The development of empathy and of medical professionalism is important in medical education. Research has shown a decline in empathy during medical study. An important factor that may contribute to this decline is the lack of positive role models. Students identify positive and negative role models in the clinical ...
Pappadopulos Elizabeth - - 2011
Psychiatric treatment for children and adolescents with clinically significant aggression is common and often involves the use of antipsychotic medications. Increasingly, pediatricians are initiating or managing such treatments despite limited evidence on optimal diagnostic, psychosocial, and medication approaches for pediatric aggression. The objective of this study was to gather clinicians' ...
Polat Seda - - 2011
In this paper, we propose a data stream management system embedded to a smart card for handling and storing user specific summaries of streaming data coming from medical sensor measurements and/or other medical measurements. The data stream management system that we propose for a health card can handle the stream ...
Fuh Jong-Ling - - 2011
Two thirds of patients with medication-overuse headache (MOH) fulfilled criteria for dependence on acute symptomatic treatments for pain, not exclusive of psychoactive medications, based on the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Several questionnaires have been used to assess dependent behavior in patients with MOH. ...
Hershcovici Tiberiu - - 2011
Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD or GERD) is a very common disorder, and advancement in drug development over the years has markedly improved disease management. Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) remain the mainstay of treatment for GERD due to their profound and consistent inhibitory effect on acid secretion. However, PPIs do not ...
Hinchcliff Reece - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: /st>To investigate the frequency, style and reliability of newspaper reporting of medication errors. DESIGN: /st>Content analysis of articles discussing medication errors that were published in the 10 most widely read Australian daily newspapers between January 2005 and January 2010.Main outcome measure(s)Newspaper source, article type, article topic, leading news actors, ...
Rossiter Kate - - 2011
This paper addresses a growing concern within the medical humanities community regarding the perceived need for a more empathically-focused medical curricula, and advocates for the use of creative pedagogical forms as a means to attend to issues of suffering and relationality. Drawing from the ethical philosophy of Emmanuel Levinas, I ...
Li Shing-Han - - 2011
The population structure has changed with the aging of population. In the present, elders account for 10.63% of the domestic population and the percentage is still gradually climbing. In other words, the demand for emergency services among elders in home environment is expected to grow in the future. In order ...
Gilson Aaron M - - 2012
Prescription monitoring programs (PMPs) are designed to reduce medication diversion by identifying individuals obtaining the same medication from multiple providers (termed multiple provider episodes [MPEs]). This study determined whether recent changes to California's PMP influenced: 1) the extent that practitioners issue prescriptions for a variety of Schedule II opioids; and ...
Lewis Cecil M CM - - 2012
The Human Microbiome Project (HMP) is following in the footsteps of the Human Genome Project (HGP), which will include exciting discoveries, but also potential disappointment and resentment over the lack of medical applications. There is a wiser path for the HMP. This path includes a greater attention to rare variation, ...
Polianski Igor J - - 2011
Using the current international debate surrounding the incorporation of medical humanities into medical curricula as a starting point, the authors address both the legitimacy and didactics of teaching medical humanities to medical students. They highlight the paradox of the increasing prevalence of medical humanities in medical curricula and the often ...
Laccourreye O - - 2011
Based on a review of the medical literature (PubMed database, keywords: medical information, informed consent), the authors analyse the main medicolegal aspects concerning the patient information that must be provided in France prior to any invasive diagnostic or therapeutic medical procedures in otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery, as well as ...
Waterson Patrick - - 2011
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to understand the preparations for the introduction of electronic patient record systems (EPRs) within the outpatient services department of a large acute hospital based in the UK. In particular, one of the main aims of the study was to examine in detail the ...
Boutros Nash N - - 2011
Medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) are a major medical burden and our current understanding of the pathophysiological process leading to their development remains minimal. While research has strongly linked chronic stress to the development of MUS the exact mechanisms and the reason for the many variations in the resultant symptomatology remain ...
Wang Xiaoyi - - 2011
Many problems arise when linking medical records from multiple databases. Matching these data to other data is problematic since even small errors, such as data entry errors, different text format, and missing data, can prevent the exact-match algorithms. Evidence from previous studies suggested that approximate field matching represent a solution ...
Jackson G - - 2011
Counterfeit medicines pose an ever-increasing threat to public health, although precise tracking of illegal counterfeit prescription drug activity is difficult. Available data indicate that all types of medications have been targeted. Adverse health effects, including death, have resulted from using counterfeit medications; consumers who self-medicate without appropriate interactions with the ...
Hawrylak Peter J - - 2011
Radio frequency identification (RFID) is a form of wireless communication that is used to identify assets and people. RFID has significant benefits to the medical environment. However, serious security threats are present in RFID systems that must be addressed in a medical environment. Of particular interest are threats to patient ...
Hsiao Tsung-Chih - - 2011
The rapid rise and development of the internet has made digitization of our everyday life common. E-medicine, including electronic prescription records, electronic prescriptions, diagnosis information systems, and others are now being regarded as future trends. As development on the structure and format of electronic patient records and prescriptions matures, the ...
Schneeweiss S - - 2011
Comparative-effectiveness research (CER) aims to produce actionable evidence regarding the effectiveness and safety of medical products and interventions as they are used outside of controlled research settings. Although CER evidence regarding medications is particularly needed shortly after market approval, key methodological challenges include (i) potential bias due to channeling of ...
Chaudhry Sonal - - 2011
Abstract While significant awareness has been raised about menopause, less attention has been focused on the perimenopausal or "menopausal transition" period. Many women and their physicians remain unaware of the impact of this transitional phase into menopause. Specifically, heavy and unpredictable perimenopausal bleeding is extremely common. It is a normal ...
Whelehan Micheal - - 2011
For over a half a century now, microencapsulation has played a very important role in many industries and in the recent decades, this versatile technology has been applied to numerous biotechnology and medical processes. However, successful application in these areas requires a methodology which has the capability to produce mono-dispersed, ...
Mehmood Amber - - 2011
Although Emergency Medicine (EM) is an integral part of undergraduate medical curriculum in many countries, it has not been included formally in the MBBS curriculum in Pakistan. Medical graduates are supposed to be able to handle common as well as life threatening emergencies but little has been done to ensure ...
Biggs John S G - - 2011
The social mission, or accepted social responsibility of Australian medical schools, was assessed at a time of rapid expansion and resulting pressure on staff and facilities. Nine new schools have been established in 2005-10 and there has been particular concern about adequacy of clinical training places. Discussions with most of ...
Walsh Kathleen - - 2011
Background Children with cancer take complex life-saving chemotherapy regimens, many of which are administered at home by their parents. Our research indicates that errors in home medication use are common among children with cancer. In home visits, we found that the use of support tools significantly reduced the risk of ...
Fan Pohoey - - 2011
Article Title: Aortic Atheromas: Current Knowledge and Controversies: A Brief Review of the Literature (Echocardiography 2011;28:1156).
Berlin Leonard - - 2011
Concerns about possible harmful effects of exposure to radiation arising from diagnostic radiologic procedures have existed in both the scientific and lay communities for many decades. There is, however, no question that the degree of concern over the past years has escalated to the "anxiety" if not the "fear" level. ...
Krenzelok Edward P - - 2011
Background. The 2009 AAPCC NPDS report identified 1,057,632 medication identification requests to poison information centers. This represents 24.7% of all calls to US poison information centers. To reduce the impact of medication identification requests on a poison information center, a regional poison information center developed and implemented an automated medication ...
Cutrona Sarah - - 2011
Background/Aims The goal of the FDA's Mini-Sentinel pilot is to inform development of an active safety surveillance system, the Sentinel System, for monitoring medical product safety. Mini-Sentinel is a collaborative endeavor by Data and Academic Partners including the HMORN and Kaiser, designed to evaluate barriers to the creation of this ...
Carroll Nikki - - 2011
Background/Aims New source data systems almost always cause angst among programmers. Source data systems usually are built for user ease of use and are not built for ease of getting data out. A new Electronic Health Record (EHR) module designed specifically for Oncology treatment was no different. Having access to ...
Woods Angela - - 2011
This paper aims to (re)ignite debate about the role of narrative in the medical humanities. It begins with a critical review of the ways in which narrative has been mobilised by humanities and social science scholars to understand the experience of health and illness. I highlight seven dangers or blind ...
Vreugdenburg Mr Thomas D - - 2011
While research investigating direct-to-consumer advertising (DtCA) of therapeutic goods in Australia has historically focused on prescription medicines, recent action taken by regulators against companies promoting medical devices has placed the industry into the spotlight. Despite the need to effectively regulate DtCA of medical devices due to its potential harms, inadequacies ...
Martin Christopher - - 2011
A growing discourse about broadening the educational experience of physicians in medical education focuses on professional formation and the wider social context within which health care is delivered. This shift suggests a complex reconfiguration of medical education. Where does one begin this task? First, medical education reform must be grounded ...
Farber Neil J - - 2011
PURPOSE: To examine residents' attitudes about prescribing medication for erectile dysfunction in ethically challenging scenarios. METHOD: In 2009, the authors surveyed internal medicine and family medicine residents at the University of California, San Diego, School of Medicine, asking them to indicate how likely they would be to prescribe sildenafil citrate ...
- - 2011
This document amends the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) regulation pertaining to the applicability of certain VA regulations that restrict the disclosure of certain medical information to the Department of Defense (DoD). This interim final rule removes a restriction that is not required by the applicable statute, 38 U.S.C. 7332(e), ...
George Daniel R DR Department of Humanities, Pennsylvania State College of Medicine, Hershey, USA. - - 2011
There are currently 7175 farmers' markets in the United States, and these organizations are increasingly viewed as one facet of the solution to national health problems. There has been a recent trend toward establishing markets on medical center campuses, and such partnerships can augment a medical center's ability to serve ...
Yao Wen - - 2011
Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology not only offers tracking capability to locate equipment, supplies and people in real time, but also provides efficient and accurate access to medical data for health professionals. However, the reality of RFID adoption in healthcare is far behind earlier expectation. This study reviews literature on ...
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