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Volkow Nora D - - 2012
An increased understanding of the biological mechanisms underlying the process of addiction has led to unique molecular targets and strategies for pharmacotherapies against addiction. However, the successful translation of these discoveries will require: 1) a more active engagement of the pharmaceutical sector, 2) partnership with regulatory agencies to arrive at ...
Caiata-Zufferey Maria M Department of Sociology, University of Geneva, Switzerland. - - 2012
This article describes the strategies used by physicians to interact with Internet-informed patients, alongside illustrating the motives underlying such strategies. Semistructured interviews were conducted with a sample of 17 physicians from primary care and medical specialist practices in the Italian part of Switzerland. The sample was diversified in terms of ...
Tillack Allison Anne AA Department of Anthropology, History, and Social Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143-0850, USA. - - 2012
The aim of this study was to examine how the adoption of PACS has affected the professional relationships among radiologists and referring providers and to evaluate the effect of PACS on perceptions of radiologists' roles in patient care. A medical anthropologic approach was used to assess the impact of PACS ...
Albizu-García Carmen E CE Center for Evaluation and Sociomedical Research, University of Puerto Rico Medical Sciences Campus, San Juan, Puerto Rico. - - 2012
Individuals with a history of heroin dependence are overrepresented in American correctional facilities and 75% of inmates with a drug use disorder do not receive treatment during incarceration or after release. Medication-assisted treatment (MAT) with opiate agonists, such as methadone or buprenorphine, constitutes standard of care; to guide planning for ...
Chisholm Anna - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To explore medical professionals' and trainees' experiences and views of behavior change talk in various health care settings to develop current understanding of the challenges that underlie this phenomenon. METHODS: Qualitative, semi-structured interviews were conducted with medical professionals and trainees (n=29). Grounded theory principles informed sampling, data collection and ...
Ekpanyaskul Chatchai - - 2011
This study was conducted to assess the prevalence of overweight/obesity and the related demographic data and health behaviors of Thai medical students. A cross-sectional study of 5441 medical students from all the 13 medical schools in Thailand was conducted in 2006 by means of a self-administered questionnaire. Demographic data, health ...
Kolars Joseph C - - 2011
One of the major needs for medical schools and health systems in less affluent countries is system strengthening through the training and development of faculty, doctors, nurses, and other skilled health care workers. Partnering with medical schools in more affluent countries such as the United States is one potential approach ...
Reitmanova Sylvia - - 2011
Objective. In this article, we adopt a syndemic approach to immigrant tuberculosis (TB) in Canada as a way of challenging contemporary epidemiological models of infectious diseases that tend to racialize and medicalize the risk of infections in socio-economically disadvantage populations and obscure the role of social conditions in sustaining the ...
Woolworth Stephen - - 2011
This article examines the history of the Seattle school clinic (1914-21) and the efforts of public school administrators to institutionalize a full-service medical program for poor and working class children. At its height, thirty-six volunteer physicians and thirteen partially paid dentists organized within nine departments performed a range of diagnostic ...
Dahm Maria R MR Department of Linguistics, Macquarie University, North Ryde, NSW 2109, Australia. - - 2012
This study explores patients' and physicians' perceptions of the use of medical terminology in patient-physician communication. Perceptions of time emerge as an overarching theme and the relationships between perceived time pressures and medical terms are analyzed. Data for this qualitative exploratory study were collected in 28 semistructured interviews with native ...
Padela Aasim I - - 2011
Since the 1980s, Islamic scholars and medical experts have used the tools of Islamic law to formulate ethico-legal opinions on brain death. These assessments have varied in their determinations and remain controversial. Some juridical councils such as the Organization of Islamic Conferences' Islamic Fiqh Academy (OIC-IFA) equate brain death with ...
Porter Paul W - - 2011
The association between the laryngeal saccule and a laryngocele is an important clinical relationship. Here, we describe this and other clinical correlations of the saccule including infection and carcinoma and suggest that these should be discussed in medical gross anatomy courses. We also briefly present some descriptive information on the ...
Salstrom Jennifer L - - 2011
Two toddlers presented to their primary medical providers with anasarca and severe anemia. Laboratory evaluation revealed iron deficiency along with hypoproteinemia and hypoalbuminemia. Both children were diagnosed with iron deficiency anemia and were suspected to have an associated protein-losing enteropathy. A brief review of the literature is provided, and data ...
Tidey Jennifer W JW Center for Alcohol & Addiction Studies, Brown University, 121 South Main Street, Providence, RI 02912, USA. - - 2012
Serious mental illness (SMI) is associated with high rates of tobacco and other drug dependence, poor treatment compliance, obesity and low levels of physical activity, which have severe medical and psychosocial consequences. Interventions that effectively reduce these health risk behaviors among people with SMI are urgently needed. Published reports from ...
Huang Zhengxing - - 2011
PURPOSE: Clinicians rely on a large amount of medical knowledge when performing clinical work. In clinical environment, clinical organizations must exploit effective methods of seeking and recommending appropriate medical knowledge in order to help clinicians perform their work. METHOD: Aiming at supporting medical knowledge search more accurately and realistically, this ...
Beheshti Michael V - - 2011
Central venous access has become a mainstay of modern interventional radiology practice. Its history has paralleled and enabled many current medical therapies. This short overview provides an interesting historical perspective of these increasingly common interventional procedures.
Hooker Claire - - 2011
In this paper we articulate a growing awareness within the field of the ways in which medical humanities could be deemed expressive of Western cultural values. The authors suggest that medical humanities is culturally limited by a pedagogical and scholarly emphasis on Western cultural artefacts, as well as a tendency ...
Wang Jie-Hua - - 2011
This paper suggests a novel approach concerning the medical treatment of human beings, which appears to be economically and practically superior to either biomedicine or traditional medicine. A brand new medical system-Hehe () medicine, has been proposed based on a preventive-biomedical-psycho-social treatment model. This is characterized by a dual approach ...
Cooper P David - - 2011
Dear Editor, By focussing on the details of the Watson case, I believe Bryan Walpole has missed the thrust of my earlier letter. I agree this was a complex case, which is why I deliberately avoided the murky specifics in order to consider the 'big-picture' ramifications of the judgement. My ...
Franko Orrin I - - 2011
The development and distribution of mobile applications, or apps, designed for medical professionals and patients is quickly expanding, and within this group are apps designed specifically for orthopedic use. Currently, the most popular mobile apps are sponsored by private companies and focus on delivering device-specific information. If this trend toward ...
Lucan Sean C - - 2011
In this poem, the author discusses the advancement of technology in the medical field. He also explores the impact of such technological advances have on therapeutic processes. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2011 APA, all rights reserved).
Al Alwan Ibrahim - - 2011
Context: The College of Medicine at King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences (KSAU-HS) is running a PBL-based curriculum. A progress test was used to evaluate components of the basic medical and clinical sciences curriculum. Objective: To evaluate the performance of students at different levels of the college of ...
Krauss Gregory L - - 2011
Recent evidence suggests that medically resistant epilepsy can be identified if seizures persist despite adequate doses of 2 appropriate first-line antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). Patients with medically resistant epilepsy should have their seizures carefully characterized in order to confirm their diagnosis, select treatment, and assist in determining prognosis. Patients should be ...
Battistella Elisa - - 2011
The use of biomaterials in dentistry is more widespread than in any other medical field in terms of both amount and variety. Most of them were not originally designed for dental applications but for other medical applications or, sometimes, for no medical purposes. Among these materials, biodegradable materials play an ...
Gosselink Manon J - - 2011
Background:  The development of empathy and of medical professionalism is important in medical education. Research has shown a decline in empathy during medical study. An important factor that may contribute to this decline is the lack of positive role models. Students identify positive and negative role models in the clinical ...
Pappadopulos Elizabeth - - 2011
Psychiatric treatment for children and adolescents with clinically significant aggression is common and often involves the use of antipsychotic medications. Increasingly, pediatricians are initiating or managing such treatments despite limited evidence on optimal diagnostic, psychosocial, and medication approaches for pediatric aggression. The objective of this study was to gather clinicians' ...
Polat Seda - - 2011
In this paper, we propose a data stream management system embedded to a smart card for handling and storing user specific summaries of streaming data coming from medical sensor measurements and/or other medical measurements. The data stream management system that we propose for a health card can handle the stream ...
Fuh Jong-Ling - - 2011
Two thirds of patients with medication-overuse headache (MOH) fulfilled criteria for dependence on acute symptomatic treatments for pain, not exclusive of psychoactive medications, based on the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Several questionnaires have been used to assess dependent behavior in patients with MOH. ...
Hershcovici Tiberiu - - 2011
Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD or GERD) is a very common disorder, and advancement in drug development over the years has markedly improved disease management. Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) remain the mainstay of treatment for GERD due to their profound and consistent inhibitory effect on acid secretion. However, PPIs do not ...
Hinchcliff Reece - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: /st>To investigate the frequency, style and reliability of newspaper reporting of medication errors. DESIGN: /st>Content analysis of articles discussing medication errors that were published in the 10 most widely read Australian daily newspapers between January 2005 and January 2010.Main outcome measure(s)Newspaper source, article type, article topic, leading news actors, ...
Rossiter Kate - - 2011
This paper addresses a growing concern within the medical humanities community regarding the perceived need for a more empathically-focused medical curricula, and advocates for the use of creative pedagogical forms as a means to attend to issues of suffering and relationality. Drawing from the ethical philosophy of Emmanuel Levinas, I ...
Li Shing-Han - - 2011
The population structure has changed with the aging of population. In the present, elders account for 10.63% of the domestic population and the percentage is still gradually climbing. In other words, the demand for emergency services among elders in home environment is expected to grow in the future. In order ...
Gilson Aaron M AM Pain & Policy Studies Group, Carbone Cancer Center, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA. - - 2012
Prescription monitoring programs (PMPs) are designed to reduce medication diversion by identifying individuals obtaining the same medication from multiple providers (termed multiple provider episodes [MPEs]). This study determined whether recent changes to California's PMP influenced: 1) the extent that practitioners issue prescriptions for a variety of Schedule II opioids; and ...
Lewis Cecil M CM - - 2012
The Human Microbiome Project (HMP) is following in the footsteps of the Human Genome Project (HGP), which will include exciting discoveries, but also potential disappointment and resentment over the lack of medical applications. There is a wiser path for the HMP. This path includes a greater attention to rare variation, ...
Laccourreye O O Service d'oto-rhino-laryngologie et de chirurgie cervicofaciale, université René-Descartes Paris V, hôpital européen Georges-Pompidou, 20 rue Leblanc, Paris cedex 15, France. - - 2012
Based on a review of the medical literature (PubMed database, keywords: medical information, informed consent), the authors analyse the main medicolegal aspects concerning the patient information that must be provided in France prior to any invasive diagnostic or therapeutic medical procedures in otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery, as well as ...
Polianski Igor J - - 2011
Using the current international debate surrounding the incorporation of medical humanities into medical curricula as a starting point, the authors address both the legitimacy and didactics of teaching medical humanities to medical students. They highlight the paradox of the increasing prevalence of medical humanities in medical curricula and the often ...
Waterson Patrick - - 2011
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to understand the preparations for the introduction of electronic patient record systems (EPRs) within the outpatient services department of a large acute hospital based in the UK. In particular, one of the main aims of the study was to examine in detail the ...
Boutros Nash N - - 2011
Medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) are a major medical burden and our current understanding of the pathophysiological process leading to their development remains minimal. While research has strongly linked chronic stress to the development of MUS the exact mechanisms and the reason for the many variations in the resultant symptomatology remain ...
Wang Xiaoyi - - 2011
Many problems arise when linking medical records from multiple databases. Matching these data to other data is problematic since even small errors, such as data entry errors, different text format, and missing data, can prevent the exact-match algorithms. Evidence from previous studies suggested that approximate field matching represent a solution ...
Jackson G - - 2011
Counterfeit medicines pose an ever-increasing threat to public health, although precise tracking of illegal counterfeit prescription drug activity is difficult. Available data indicate that all types of medications have been targeted. Adverse health effects, including death, have resulted from using counterfeit medications; consumers who self-medicate without appropriate interactions with the ...
Hawrylak Peter J - - 2011
Radio frequency identification (RFID) is a form of wireless communication that is used to identify assets and people. RFID has significant benefits to the medical environment. However, serious security threats are present in RFID systems that must be addressed in a medical environment. Of particular interest are threats to patient ...
Hsiao Tsung-Chih - - 2011
The rapid rise and development of the internet has made digitization of our everyday life common. E-medicine, including electronic prescription records, electronic prescriptions, diagnosis information systems, and others are now being regarded as future trends. As development on the structure and format of electronic patient records and prescriptions matures, the ...
Schneeweiss S - - 2011
Comparative-effectiveness research (CER) aims to produce actionable evidence regarding the effectiveness and safety of medical products and interventions as they are used outside of controlled research settings. Although CER evidence regarding medications is particularly needed shortly after market approval, key methodological challenges include (i) potential bias due to channeling of ...
Chaudhry Sonal - - 2011
Abstract While significant awareness has been raised about menopause, less attention has been focused on the perimenopausal or "menopausal transition" period. Many women and their physicians remain unaware of the impact of this transitional phase into menopause. Specifically, heavy and unpredictable perimenopausal bleeding is extremely common. It is a normal ...
Whelehan Micheal - - 2011
For over a half a century now, microencapsulation has played a very important role in many industries and in the recent decades, this versatile technology has been applied to numerous biotechnology and medical processes. However, successful application in these areas requires a methodology which has the capability to produce mono-dispersed, ...
Mehmood Amber - - 2011
Although Emergency Medicine (EM) is an integral part of undergraduate medical curriculum in many countries, it has not been included formally in the MBBS curriculum in Pakistan. Medical graduates are supposed to be able to handle common as well as life threatening emergencies but little has been done to ensure ...
Biggs John S G - - 2011
The social mission, or accepted social responsibility of Australian medical schools, was assessed at a time of rapid expansion and resulting pressure on staff and facilities. Nine new schools have been established in 2005-10 and there has been particular concern about adequacy of clinical training places. Discussions with most of ...
Walsh Kathleen - - 2011
Background Children with cancer take complex life-saving chemotherapy regimens, many of which are administered at home by their parents. Our research indicates that errors in home medication use are common among children with cancer. In home visits, we found that the use of support tools significantly reduced the risk of ...
Fan Pohoey - - 2011
Article Title: Aortic Atheromas: Current Knowledge and Controversies: A Brief Review of the Literature (Echocardiography 2011;28:1156).
Berlin Leonard - - 2011
Concerns about possible harmful effects of exposure to radiation arising from diagnostic radiologic procedures have existed in both the scientific and lay communities for many decades. There is, however, no question that the degree of concern over the past years has escalated to the "anxiety" if not the "fear" level. ...
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