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Claes Anouck A University of Leuven, Leuven, - - 2014
Objective-Many young transplant patients (≤11 years old) struggle to take their immunosuppressive and co-medications correctly, yet it remains unclear which factors positively or negatively affect medication adherence. Research studies on determinants in this age group are scarce, have methodological flaws, and focus exclusively on immunosuppressants or on barriers rather than ...
Ge Fangmin F From the Hospital Administration Office, Second Affiliated Hospital of School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou City, People's Republic of China; AND the Department of Public Health, Charité University Medicine, Campus Virchow, Berlin, - - 2014
As the gap between supply and demand for donor organs is increasing, we sought to clarify the knowledge and attitudes regarding living-organ donation among Chinese medical students and analyze their incentives and influencing factors. Data were collected from Chinese medical students using a standardized questionnaire. Of 320 surveyed participants, 261 ...
Alansari Ahmed A Department of Internal Medicine, Metropolitan Hospital Center, New York Medical College, New York, - - 2014
A 77-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with a 2-day history of nausea and vomiting. Her medical history included diabetes mellitus, hypertension, atrial fibrillation, dilated cardiomyopathy, and coronary artery disease. Her home medications included aspirin, clopidogrel, warfarin, digoxin, metoprolol, losartan, simvastatin, isosorbide dinitrate, furosemide, and spironolactone. Initial physical examination ...
Howard-Thompson Amanda A Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Family Medicine, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN, USA, - - 2014
Background A brand of fish oil capsules contains omega-3 fatty acids obtained from several fish sources. Although the manufacturer calls for caution in patients with fish hypersensitivity, insufficient data is available to make a definitive recommendation regarding its use in this population. Case presentation A patient with documented seafood allergy ...
Fujibuchi Toshioh T Medical Quantum Science, Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, 812-8582, Japan, - - 2014
Compact medical cyclotrons have been set up to generate the nuclides necessary for positron emission tomography. In accelerator facilities, neutrons activate the concrete used to construct the vault room; this activation increases with the use of an accelerator. The activation causes a substantial radioactive waste management problem when facilities are ...
Serper Marina M Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, School of Medicine, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Medication non-adherence after liver transplantation (LT) is associated with adverse clinical outcomes such as graft rejection and graft loss. Few studies have examined non-adherence and the impact on clinical outcomes in LT. Study objectives were to evaluate: 1) medication understanding (using treatment knowledge and demonstrated regimen use scores) and medication ...
Robert L L Laboratoire de recherche ophtalmologique, hôpital Hôtel-Dieu, université Paris 5, 1, place du Parvis-Notre-Dame, 75004 Paris, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hyaluronan (hyaluronic acid, HA) is a ubiquitous linear polysaccharide endowed with some exceptional physicochemical properties such as strong hydration and viscoelasticity that depend on the size of the molecule. It plays a variety of important physiological roles in tissue hydration and mechanical protection, for example in the umbilical cord, skin ...
Mendonça Paloma Martins PM Laboratório de Transmissores de Leishmanioses, Setor de Entomologia Médica e Forense, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Av. Brasil 4365, Manguinhos, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil, - - 2014
Cochliomyia macellaria (Diptera: Calliphoridae) is known as the secondary screwworm because it causes secondary or facultative myiasis when the larvae feed on necrotic tissues. This fly has a significant medical and veterinary importance since it has been reported to transport eggs of Dermatobia hominis (human botfly), which can cause significant ...
Dumitrescu Sr S Faculty of Automatic Control and Computers, Polytechnic University in - - 2014
The global assessment of the evolution of a disease in a certain geographical area or a specific domain is useful in the medical research for the preparation of practice guidelines/protocols used in the hospitals. Cirrhosis is one of the most common disorders seen today, occupying a significant place in the ...
Parenteau Nancy L NL 1 Ingenium BioTherapy Corporation , Fair Haven, - - 2014
Tissue engineering has always had an applied focus and there is hardly an academic publication that does not mention the applicability of its findings to the future development of a medical product. I have been involved in the industry side of tissue engineering from the start, pursuing a variety of ...
Alani Aws - - 2014
Periodontal disease is caused by inflammatory processes initiated by the presence of a biofilm. The management of this disease process is largely achieved by disrupting the biofilm to allow regression of inflammation and healing. As our patients are living for longer they are likely to have been exposed to systemic ...
Torbati Amir H AH Syracuse Biomaterials Institute and Biomedical and Chemical Engineering Department, Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York; Biomedical and Chemical Engineering Department, Syracuse University, Syracuse, New - - 2014
Dye-containing polymers are highly desired for a number of commercially and medically relevant applications, such as sensors, medical devices, and drug delivery. In particular, dyes that emit light in the NIR region of the electromagnetic spectrum are of great interest due to the window of transparency for mammalian soft tissue ...
Parenteau Nancy L NL Ingenium BioTherapy Corporation, 354 Money Hole Rd., Fair Haven, Vermont, United States, 05743-9318, 888-820-8327, 888-820-8327, Parenteau BioConsultants, LLC, , 354 Money Hole Rd., Fair Haven, Vermont, United States, 05743-9318, 617-275-8845, 617-275-8845 ; - - 2014
Tissue engineering has always had an applied focus and there is hardly an academic publication that does not mention the applicability of its findings to the future development of a medical product. I have been involved in the industry side of tissue engineering from the start, pursuing a variety of ...
Choi Samjin - - 2014
This paper reviews the recent research and application of atomic force microscopy (AFM) and Raman spectroscopy techniques, which are considered the multi-functional and powerful toolkits for probing the nanostructural, biomechanical and physicochemical properties of biomedical samples in medical science. We introduce briefly the basic principles of AFM and Raman spectroscopy, ...
Guerra Christopher J CJ Southwest Research Institute - Aerospace Electronics, Systems Engineering, and Training - - 2014
The military medical community expects to minimize use of live tissue and cadavers for training purposes. This research demonstrates an innovative use of synthetic tissue and passive tracking computer vision to create a real-time, interactive environment for training medical staff.
Hunter Selena A SA c/o Department of Surgery and Anaesthesia, University of Otago Wellington, 23A Mein Street, Newtown, PO Box 7343, Wellington 6242, New Zealand. - - 2014
The accuracy of physical examination techniques in detecting liver disease is unclear. We sought to determine the perceived location of the lower liver border via scratch, percussion, palpation and ballottement with novice medical student examiners, compared with ultrasound localisation. Five novice medical students learnt four liver examination techniques and measured ...
Chertoff Jason J http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0572-5778 Department of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, - - 2014
Azathioprine is an immunosuppressive medication used in the management of many autoimmune conditions. Commonly reported adverse effects from azathioprine therapy are nausea and bone marrow suppression, while less common side effects include hepatotoxicity. We present the case of a 47-year-old man with a history of myasthenia gravis on azathioprine for ...
Sjöberg F - - 2013
Oxygen treatment has been a cornerstone of acute medical care for numerous pathological states. Initially, this was supported by the assumed need to avoid hypoxaemia and tissue hypoxia. Most acute treatment algorithms, therefore, recommended the liberal use of a high fraction of inspired oxygen, often without first confirming the presence ...
Fernández J - - 2013
Thermoplastic biodegradable polymers displaying an elastomeric behavior are greatly valued for the regeneration of soft tissues and for various medical devices. In this work, terpolymers composed of ε-caprolactone (CL), d-lactide (d-LA), and l-lactide (l-LA) were synthesized. These poly(lactide-ε-caprolactone) (PLCLs) presented an elevated randomness character (R∼1), glass transition temperatures (Tg ) ...
Trim Robert S - - 2013
Opinions based on toxicology results are dependent, in part, upon the quality of the specimen's acquisition, storage, and chain of custody. The responsibility for these factors is often delegated to tissue and eye bank technicians. These technicians are not employees of the medical examiner (ME)'s office and may have no ...
Yadav Savita - - 2013
Collagenomas are connective tissue nevi with circumscribed hamartomatous proliferation of collagen. Due to their benign nature and lack of any simple medical treatment, they are most often left untreated. We present a case of isolated corymbose collagenoma, a distinct morphological variant not described hitherto that was successfully treated with intralesional ...
Robert A L G - - 2013
Needles used in medical percutaneous procedures are brought to deform because of its interactions with inhomogeneous and anisotropic tissues. In this paper, the first step of the development of a new generation of tools for assistance in the realization of gestures taking into account these deformations are presented. We provide ...
Williams Simon F - - 2013
Abstract Poly-4-hydroxybutyrate (P4HB) is a thermoplastic, linear polyester, produced by recombinant fermentation, that can be converted into a wide range of resorbable medical devices. P4HB fibers are exceptionally strong, and can be designed to provide prolonged strength retention in vivo. In 2007, the FDA cleared a monofilament suture made from ...
Messé Steven R - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH) after tissue plasminogen activator for acute ischemic stroke is associated with poor outcome. There are conflicting data on sICH risk related to lipid levels and use of lipid-lowering medications. We evaluated whether there are associations between lipid levels, lipid-lowering medications, and sICH in ...
Shiroff Adam M - - 2013
Introduction Tissue transplantation is an important adjunct to modern medical care and is used daily to save or improve patient lives. Tissue allografts include bone, tendon, corneas, heart valves and others. Increasing utilization may lead to tissue shortages, and tissue procurement organizations continue to explore ways to expand the cadaveric ...
Jin Chao - - 2013
Conventional transplantable biomedical devices generally request sophisticated surgery which however often causes big trauma and serious pain to the patients. Here, we show an alternative way of directly making three-dimensional (3-D) medical electronics inside the biological body through sequential injections of biocompatible packaging material and liquid metal ink. As the ...
Gorin Michael A - - 2012
PURPOSE: To describe the frequency and severity of atherosclerosis contained within the non-neoplastic tissue of partial nephrectomy (PN) specimens. METHODS: Archived open PN specimens were evaluated for histological evidence of atherosclerosis. Clinically significant atherosclerosis was defined as arterial luminal narrowing of >25 % due to fibrointimal thickening. Histological findings were correlated ...
Reddy Narendra - - 2013
Rothischildia lebeau which belongs to the Saturniidae family of silk-producing insects secretes protein fibers with properties between that of the Bombyx mori and the common wild silks. Traditionally, wild silks produced by insects such as Antheraea mylitta are considerably coarser and have inferior tensile properties than the domesticated and most ...
Lawton Rebecca R Institute of Psychological Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK. - - 2012
The primary aim of this article was to identify the latent failures that are perceived to underpin medication errors. The study was conducted within three medical wards in a hospital in the United Kingdom. The study employed a cross-sectional qualitative design. Interviews were conducted with 12 nurses and eight managers. ...
Jurczyk Agnieszka P - - 2012
In the Department of Forensic Medicine, Medical University in Lodz, there was performed an autopsy of a man with an extensive defect of the abdominal integument and perineum. The inspection of the body at the site it was found together with the deposition of the deceased man's concubine suggested the ...
Reed Kyle B - - 2011
Needle insertion is a critical aspect of many medical treatments, diagnostic methods, and scientific studies, and is considered to be one of the simplest and most minimally invasive medical procedures. Robot-assisted needle steering has the potential to improve the effectiveness of existing medical procedures and enable new ones by allowing ...
Gaul Charly - - 2011
Multidisciplinary approaches are gaining acceptance in headache treatment. However, there is a lack of scientific data about the efficacy of various strategies and their combinations offered by physiotherapists, physicians, psychologists and headache nurses. Therefore, an international platform for more intense collaboration between these professions and between headache centers is needed. ...
Karlıkaya Celal - - 2011
Medical students will have significant roles in combating against death tool of tobacco. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether any decrease in the smoking prevalence of the medical students over seven years of many tobacco control efforts. A self-administered questionnaire was carried out among 764 of 854 ...
Darosa Debra A - - 2011
Medical school faculty members are charged with the critical responsibility of preparing the future physician and medical scientist workforce. Recent reports suggest that medical school curricula have not kept pace with societal needs and that medical schools are graduating students who lack the knowledge and skills needed to practice effectively ...
Emilsson Maria - - 2011
AIM: To explore the influence of personality traits and beliefs about medicines on adherence to treatment with asthma medication. METHODS: Respondents were 35 asthmatic adults prescribed controller medication. They answered questionnaires about medication adherence, personality traits, and beliefs about medicines. RESULTS: : In gender comparisons, the personality traits "Neuroticism" in ...
Lundh Andreas - - 2011
[This corrects the article on p. e1000354 in vol. 7.].
Fins Joseph J - - 2011
The authors report their longitudinal experience teaching a clerkship in clinical ethics and palliative care at the Weill Cornell Medical College campuses in New York and Doha. This course uses participant observation and reflective practice to counteract the hidden curriculum when learning about clinical ethics and end-of-life care. The authors ...
Leung Fok-Han - - 2011
Background: Regardless of the area of deficiency, be it in knowledge, skills or attitudes, residents requiring remediation are rarely self-identified. This illustrates a diminished ability for self-reflection. Self-reflection is a cornerstone of adult education. During the remediation process, the remediation curriculum needs to emphasize self-reflection. Aims: How can one structure self-reflection in ...
Axelsson Malin - - 2011
Limited research exists exploring the influence of personality on adherence behaviour. Since non-adherence is a major obstacle in treating prevalent chronic diseases the aim was to determine whether personality traits are related to reported adherence to medication in individuals with chronic disease. Individuals with chronic disease (n = 749) were ...
Burastero S E - - 2011
Allergy is determined by genetic and environmental factors. People immigrating from under-developed to industrialised countries are at higher risk of developing allergic diseases and immigration is as a good epidemiological model to quantify the influence of the environment. We performed the allergological assessment of 32,555 recent immigrants from different areas ...
Saber Aly - - 2010
Egyptian medicine influenced the medicine of neighboring cultures, including the culture of ancient Greece. From Greece, its influence spread onward, thereby affecting Western civilization significantly. The oldest extant Egyptian medical texts are six papyri: The Edwin Smith Surgical Papyrus and the Ebers Medical Papyrus are famous.
Kerwin Sharon C - - 2010
Osteoarthritis is a common radiographic finding in older cats, with a prevalence of up to 90% in appendicular joints. Many cats experience impaired mobility from osteoarthritis; however, there are more and more treatment options available, including diet modification, environmental modification, medical therapy, and physical rehabilitation. Continuing challenges involve accurate diagnosis ...
Valera Marcia Carneiro - - 2010
This study evaluated the action of propolis and intracanal medications against Escherichia coli and endotoxin. Forty-eight dental roots were contaminated with E. coli. The root canals were instrumented with propolis and divided into groups according to the type of intracanal medication: Ca(OH)(2), polymyxin B, or Ca(OH)(2) + 2% chlorhexidine gel. ...
Keech John A - - 2010
Evolution is brought about by subtle environmental pressures over time or by a cataclysmic extinction event. The latter is the case for the solo medical oncologist, with the event being the Medicare Modernization Act of 2003.
Zlotogora Joël - - 2010
The rate of malformations and major medical conditions in early childhood was analyzed in a single village according to the degree of relationship between the parents. In the village, 70-80% of the marriages are between descendants of the founders and therefore consanguineous. In the period 1992-2003, in 99 of 2,610 ...
Diokno Eugene - - 2010
The presence of certain medical or orthopedic conditions need not preclude adolescents from being physically active and participating in sports. The benefits of continued physical activity far outweigh any concerns for potential complications for most such conditions. This article reviews sport participation guidelines for adolescents with conditions that include juvenile ...
Schmitz Joy M JM Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Texas-Houston, Houston, TX, USA. - - 2010
New data support use of levodopa pharmacotherapy with behavioral contingency management (CM) as one efficacious combination in cocaine dependence disorder treatment. A potential mechanism of the combined treatment effects may be related to dopamine-induced enhancement of the saliency of contingently delivered reinforcers. Evidence to support this mechanism was sought by ...
Keuthen Nancy J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Despite increasing recognition of the potentially severe medical and psychosocial costs of pathologic skin picking (PSP), no large-sample, randomized investigation of its prevalence in a national population has been conducted. METHOD: Two thousand five hundred and thirteen US adults were interviewed during the spring and summer of 2004 in ...
Pozarowska Dorota D Department of Ophthalmology, Medical University, Lublin, Poland. - - 2010
The long-term-treatment of glaucoma with topical medications is associated with side effects involving cornea damage. We examined the effect of glaucoma topical medications (bimatoprost, travoprost, latanoprost, timolol, betaxolol, dorzolamide, brinzolamide, brimonidine) on growth of cells of three human epithelial corneal lines. The cells were cultured in 8-chamber slides, treated with ...
Mathie R T - - 2010
Twelve Faculty of Homeopathy veterinarians recorded data systematically at 777 consecutive homeopathic appointments for horses over a period of 12 months. A spreadsheet enabled the recording of information, which included the date of appointment; horse and owner identity (anonymised); sex of horse; main medical problem treated; whether the condition was ...
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