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Yin Jinjin J Center for Drug Research and Development, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510282, P.R. - - 2014
Hugan Qingzhi tablet (HQT), a lipid- lowering traditional Chinese medicine formula, has been used for the prevention and treatment of nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFLD). This study was realized to evaluate the effects of HQT-medicated serum on hepatic steatosis using in vitro experiments with cells and explore the relevant mechanisms with ...
Zhu Congcong - - 2013
Synthetic biodegradable elastomers are an emerging class of materials that play a critical role in supporting innovations in bioabsorbable medical implants. This work describes the synthesis and characterization of poly(glycerol-co-sebacate)-cinnamate (PGS-CinA), a biodegradable elastomer based on hyperbranched polyesters derivatized with pendant cinnamate groups. PGS-CinA can be prepared via photodimerization in ...
Reddy Narendra - - 2013
Silk has been considered biocompatible and used for medical applications for centuries. However, most of the silk currently used is produced by the domesticated silkworm, Bombyx mori. Recently, it has been demonstrated that silk produced by saturniidae insects such as Antheraea mylitta, Phylisomia ricini, and Antheraea pernyi had unique properties ...
Herbert Danielle - - 2012
What is the self-reported use of in vitro fertilization (IVF) and ovulation induction (OI) in comparison with insurance claims by Australian women aged 28-36 years? The self-reported use of IVF is quite likely to be valid; however, the use of OI is less well reported. Population-based research often relies on ...
Nagata Takashi - - 2012
The Great East Japan Earthquake occurred on March 11, 2011. In the first 10 days after the event, information about radiation risks from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant was unavailable, and the disaster response, including deployment of disaster teams, was delayed. Beginning on March 17, 2011, the Japan Medical Association ...
Kida Tetsuo - - 2012
DIS has not yet been implemented in Japan as of 2011. Therefore, even if risk was negligible, medical institutions have to entrust radioactive temporal waste disposal to Japan Radio Isotopes Association (JRIA) in the current situation. To decide whether DIS should be implemented in Japan or not, cost-saving effect of ...
Battista Jerry J - - 2012
The January 2010 articles in The New York Times generated intense focus on patient safety in radiation treatment, with physics staffing identified frequently as a critical factor for consistent quality assurance. The purpose of this work is to review our experience with medical physics staffing, and to propose a transparent ...
Lin Elizabeth H B - - 2012
Medication nonadherence, inconsistent patient self-monitoring, and inadequate treatment adjustment exacerbate poor disease control. In a collaborative, team-based, care management program for complex patients (TEAMcare), we assessed patient and physician behaviors (medication adherence, self-monitoring, and treatment adjustment) in achieving better outcomes for diabetes, coronary heart disease, and depression. A randomized controlled ...
Kapp Suzanne - - 2012
A study conducted in an Australian home nursing service sought to ascertain whether the provision of funding for compression bandaging and medical footwear would impact on compression therapy use, wound healing and quality of life (QoL) among people with venous leg ulcers. Clients (n = 120) were randomly allocated to ...
Van Vleet Lee M - - 2011
Abstract Introduction. Without bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), cardiac arrest survival decreases 7%-10% for every minute of delay until defibrillation. Dispatcher-assisted CPR (D-CPR) has been shown to increase the rates of bystander CPR and cardiac arrest survival. Other reports suggest that the most critical component of bystander CPR is chest compressions ...
Chaturvedi Arvind K - - 2011
  Prevalence of drugs in fatally injured obese pilots involved in aviation accidents has not been evaluated. Therefore, toxicological findings in such pilots (body mass index ≥30 kg/m(2) ) were examined in a data set derived from the Civil Aerospace Medical Institute's (CAMI's) Scientific Information System for 1990-2005. Aeromedical histories of ...
Bizzini Mario - - 2011
BackgroundSeveral proposals for preparticipation screening to detect risk factors for sudden cardiac death in sports have been published, but referees have been neglected in this respect.MethodsA standardised precompetition medical assessment (comprising a general physical, orthopaedic and cardiac examination and blood analysis) was performed in all 90 referees and assistant referees ...
Ahearn David - - 2011
Background:  In the UK all postgraduate trainees complete an annual online quality assurance survey. If the response rate is poor, then this has significant implications for the validity and usefulness of the data collected. In this article we address the issue of survey response rates, with particular reference to quality ...
Hebert Kathy - - 2011
Caring for heart failure patients with a low socioeconomic status presents a unique set of challenges for health care providers. Heart failure disease management programs can integrate the use of teaching DVDs to overcome deficiencies in health literacy and take advantage of the Wal-Mart/Target $4 dollar medication program to provide ...
O'Hagan F T - - 2011
Introduction Research into work reintegration following cardiovascular disease onset is limited in its clinical and individual focus. There is no research examining worker experience in context during the return to work process. Methods Qualitative case study method informed by applied ethnography. Worker experience was assessed through longitudinal in-depth interviews with ...
Horning Erin L - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The study was conducted to compare lost to follow-up (LTFU) rates in women having a medical abortion who chose follow-up by in-office ultrasound assessment or serum beta human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) testing. METHODS: This retrospective chart review included 865 women who underwent medical abortion in a free-standing outpatient clinic ...
Dudas Robert A - - 2012
Medical knowledge is one of six core competencies in medicine. Medical student assessments should be valid and reliable. We assessed the relationship between faculty and resident global assessment of pediatric medical student knowledge and performance on a standardized test in medical knowledge. Retrospective cross-sectional study of medical students on a ...
Rank Matthew A - - 2012
The relationship between asthma controller medication use and exacerbation rates over time is unclear at the population level. To estimate the change in asthma controller medication use between 2 time periods as measured by the controller-to-total asthma medication ratio and its association with changes in asthma exacerbation rates between 1997-1998 ...
Haden M - - 2011
We report a previously healthy man presenting with life-threatening hyperkalaemia and heart failure. The only possible cause was thought to be the long list of herbal medications he was taking, several of which contained significant amounts of cardiac glycosides. Hyperkalaemia is known to be associated with digoxin toxicity and we ...
Macgregor John M - - 2011
HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To describe the therapeutic use of pimobendan in cats, describe the patient population to which it was administered, document potential side effects and report the clinical course following administration of pimobendan in conjunction with standard heart failure therapy. It is hypothesized that cats with advanced heart disease including congestive ...
Suzuki Hideto - - 2011
PURPOSE: Japanese methods of death inquests are still in developmental stages and many problems have been uncovered since an inspection error was reported in 2007. In this study, we investigated the latest results of medicolegal deaths in the Tokyo Metropolis, which is composed of areas with and without the medical ...
Frieden Thomas R - - 2011
Each year, more than 2 million Americans have a heart attack or stroke, and more than 800,000 of them die; cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the United States and the largest cause of lower life expectancy among blacks. Related medical costs and productivity losses approach $450 ...
Tamanna Sadeka - - 2011
Non-invasive ventilation (NIV), the provision of ventilatory assistance without an artificial airway, has emerged as an important ventilatory modality over the last 20 years. Delivery of pressured air at a certain level through a nasal or oro-nasal mask improves oxygenation and reduces ventilatory muscle fatigue. The equipment consists of a ...
Friesner Daniel L - - 2011
Objective: To evaluate the differences in medication dispensing errors between remote telepharmacy sites (pharmacist not physically present) and standard community pharmacy sites (pharmacist physically present and no telepharmacy technology; comparison group).Design: Pilot, cross-sectional, comparison study.Setting: North Dakota from January 2005 to September 2008.Participants: Pharmacy staff at 14 remote telepharmacy sites ...
Litscher Gerhard - - 2011
We investigated the effects of violet laser acupuncture on arterial stiffness and other important parameters of the functional state of the heart such as augmentation index (AIx). This investigation ties together the medical perspectives of Eastern and Western medical practitioners; the Western medical perspective of the functional states of the ...
Kuusio Hannamaria H National Institute for Health and Welfare, Service System Research Unit, Helsinki, Finland. - - 2012
To examine the well-being differences among physicians working in different health care sectors and to test whether psychosocial stressors account for these differences. The well-being indicators used were psychological distress, self-rated health, and work ability. A total of 2,841 randomly selected Finnish physicians (response rate 57 percent) returned the postal ...
Kerenyi M - - 2011
Syringes used to administer intravenous medications in an intensive care unit were cultured, and the isolates were compared with those from positive blood cultures from the same patients. The overall contamination rate was 16%, and syringes used for drugs such as insulin, which support bacterial growth, had higher contamination rates. ...
Bowry Ashna D K - - 2011
Medications are a cornerstone of the prevention and management of cardiovascular disease. Long-term medication adherence has been the subject of increasing attention in the developed world but has received little attention in resource-limited settings, where the burden of disease is particularly high and growing rapidly. To evaluate prevalence and predictors ...
Allan Neil - - 2011
The aim of this study was to audit cardiac arrest documentation within a UK teaching hospital, survey the regional use of proformas for data collection, and consider the need for a standardised national template. A prospective audit comparing cardiac arrest documentation to General Medical Council (GMC) professional standards and the ...
Birati EdoY - - 2011
Telemedicine is the application of advanced telecommunication technology for diagnostic, monitoring and therapeutic purposes. It enables data transmission from the patient's whereabouts or his/her primary care provider to a specialized medical call center. Telecardiology is a highly developed medical discipline involving almost every aspect of cardiology, including acute coronary syndromes, ...
Beeler P E - - 2011
Advanced electronic alerts (eAlerts) and computerised physician order entry (CPOE) increase adequate thromboprophylaxis orders among hospitalised medical patients. It remains unclear whether eAlerts maintain their efficacy over time, after withdrawal of continuing medical education (CME) on eAlerts and on thromboprophylaxis indications from the study staff. We analysed 5,317 hospital cases ...
Nachar Raul A - - 2011
The developmentally regulated hemodynamic effects of vasoactive medications have not been well characterized. We utilized traditional and near infrared spectroscopy monitoring technologies and investigated the changes in heart rate, blood pressure, common carotid artery (CCA) blood flow (BF), cerebral, renal, intestinal and muscle regional tissue O2 saturation and acid-base and ...
Winbery Stephen - - 2011
Medicare Part D data from the Quality Improvement Organization's 9th Statement of Work drug safety indicator project under the direction of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services define the potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) list for Tennessee. These data reveal propoxyphene as the main contributor to the state's PIM rate. ...
Ochiai Ryota - - 2011
Background.  The aim of this study is to summarize the opinions of physicians regarding problems and tasks involved in the medical care system for patients with adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) in Japan. Methods and Results.  We conducted a semistructured interview with 30 subjects consisting of 13 pediatric cardiologists, 11 ...
Fitzgerald Ashley A - - 2011
Limited literature exists on the association between medication adherence and outcomes among patients with heart failure. We conducted a retrospective longitudinal cohort study of 557 patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) (defined by EF <50%) in a large health maintenance organization. We used multivariable Cox proportional hazards ...
Moffett Brady S - - 2011
Objective.  To characterize the pharmacotherapeutic regimens used in infants with single ventricle heart disease and determine the influence of outpatient medications on interstage weight gain. Design.  Retrospective review. Setting.  Tertiary care pediatric hospital. Patients.  All patients discharged from our institution with single ventricle heart disease that underwent neonatal first stage ...
Abstoss Katherine M - - 2011
Objective This study analyses patterns in reporting rates of medication errors, rates of medication errors with harm, and responses to the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ), all in the context of four cultural and three system-level interventions for medication safety in an intensive care unit. Methods Over a period of 2.5&emsp14;years ...
Boyd Tanner - - 2011
In October of 2010, the American Heart Association (AHA) published the 2010 Guidelines on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care. These guidelines place significant emphasis on 5 major areas of therapy in patient with cardiac arrest, including immediate recognition and activation of the emergency response team, effective chest compressions, rapid ...
Figueredo Vincent M - - 2011
The heart is a target of injury for many chemical compounds, both medically prescribed and not medically prescribed. Pathophysiologic mechanisms underlying the development of chemical-induced cardiomyopathies vary depending on the inciting agent, including direct toxic effects, neurohormonal activation, altered calcium homeostasis, and oxidative stress. Numerous chemicals and drugs are implicated ...
Conti Andrea A - - 2011
Many outstanding scientists have given their names to anatomic structures through time. Recently the use of eponyms has been at the center of a very interesting debate in the columns of prestigious medical journals. Even if some authors have questioned their adoption, not only do the names of great figures ...
Herman Daniel - - 2011
To perform at the highest level of international competition, athletes need to maximize rest during long travel, and expeditiously overcome the detrimental effects of "jet lag" (JL). The negative effects of JL may be alleviated by adopting a multimodality approach, including the judicious use of melatonin and other pharmacologic agents ...
Fraser Alan G - - 2011
The European Commission announced in 2008 that a fundamental revision of the medical device directives is being considered in order to clarify and strengthen the current legal framework. The system for testing and approving devices in Europe was established >20 years ago as a 'New Approach' to a previously little-regulated ...
Yuksel M - - 2011
Medical devices are essential to the practice of modern healthcare services. Their benefits will increase if clinical software applications can seamlessly acquire the medical device data. The need to represent medical device observations in a format that can be consumable by clinical applications has already been recognized by the industry. ...
Calcagnini G - - 2011
This paper investigates the electromagnetic compatibility of 45 critical care medical devices (infusion pumps, defibrillators, monitors, lung ventilators, anesthesia machines and external pacemakers) with various types of wireless local area network (WLAN, IEEE 802.11 b/g, 2.45 GHz, 100 mW) adapters. Interference is evaluated by performing ad-hoc tests according to the ...
Patterson Mark E - - 2011
High prescription copayments may create barriers to care, resulting in medication nonadherence. Although many studies have examined these associations in commercially insured patients with chronic disease, few have examined β-blocker effects in heart failure patients. Associations between β-blocker prescription copayment levels and medication nonadherence were examined within commercially insured beneficiaries ...
Kjeldsen Lene Juel - - 2011
Objective To identify various types of non-adherence among users of antihypertensive medications by establishing components of adherence measures and use these components for measuring the prevalence of non-adherence. Setting Twelve community pharmacies from the Danish county of Funen. Method Users of antihypertensive medication were included in the study. 2,914 medication ...
Hollstein Stephan - - 2011
Objectives: The recently introduced ultrasonic osteotome procedure is an alternative to conventional methods of osteotomy. The aim of the present study was to establish the differences between five recently introduced ultrasonic osteotomes and to perform micromorphological and quantitative roughness analyses of osteotomized bone surfaces. Materials and methods: Fresh, standard-sized bony ...
Backhouse Susan H - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Central to the work of many medical practitioners is the provision of pharmaceutical support for patients. Patients can include athletes who are subject to anti-doping rules and regulations which prohibit the use of certain substances in and out of competition. This paper examines the evidence on medical practitioners' knowledge, ...
Harman Melinda - - 2011
Evaluation of medical devices retrieved after in vivo service provides unique evidence related to the physiological environment in which the biomaterials performed. This study implements a training procedure for evaluating polyethylene bearings of joint prostheses obtained after pre-clinical tests or explanted after in vivo function. A total of 161 damage ...
Ozkan Suzan - - 2011
This study examined the frequency of pediatric medication administration errors and contributing factors. This research used the undisguised observation method and Critical Incident Technique. Errors and contributing factors were classified through the Organizational Accident Model. Errors were made in 36.5% of the 2344 doses that were observed. The most frequent ...
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