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Furue M M Department of Dermatology, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, - - 2014
Recent studies have shown that adherence to treatment is an important factor for good therapeutic outcome in various chronic disorders such as hypertension and diabetes.(1,2) In dermatology, patient non-adherence to therapy is also very problematic and has been associated with poor therapeutic outcomes in common skin diseases.(3-5) Although there is ...
Kumareswaran Ramanan R - - 2014
Lone atrial fibrillation is a set of heterogeneous disorders grouped together due to our limited understanding of their pathophysiology. Rate control and rhythm control are two strategies used to treat atrial fibrillation but neither has shown improvement in mortality. Therefore, the goal of treatment in patients with lone atrial fibrillation ...
Reiner Bruce I BI Baltimore VA Medical Center, Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Baltimore, Maryland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although the potential for adverse clinical outcomes related to medical radiation have been well documented for over a century, several relatively recent trends have increased awareness of radiation safety in medical imaging. These include expanded CT applications and utilization, increased patient attention on radiation carcinogenesis, and a wide array of ...
- - 2014
Although very rare, if a healthcare professional is convicted of medical manslaughter (gross negligence manslaughter or involuntary manslaughter), they can expect a custodial sentence.
Chandrasekar Pranatharthi P Division of Infectious Diseases, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, - - 2014
Recent match results from the National Resident Matching Program for the subspecialty of Infectious Diseases show an ongoing decline in the number of fellowship positions filled, and more importantly, in the number of applicants, particularly from the pool of international medical graduates. The main reasons for this declining application rate ...
Tosh Pritish K - - 2014
Background:During disasters supply chain vulnerabilities such as power, transportation and communication may affect the delivery of medications and medical supplies, and hamper the ability to deliver critical care services. Disasters also have the potential to disrupt information technology (IT) in healthcare systems, resulting in interruptions in patient care, particularly critical ...
Schwartz Lauren L Division of Medical Toxicology, NYU School of Medicine and Bellevue Hospital Center, New York, NY, USA NYC Poison Control Center, New York, NY, USA - - 2014
Warfarin is a high-risk medication whose safe use may be greatly improved by patient education. This study evaluate evaluated patients' understanding of warfarin instructions, medication management, the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) warfarin medication guide content, and patient information recommendations. Interviews conducted at 2 hospital-based outpatient primary care sites with ...
Guo Xuan X College of Computing & Information Sciences, Rochester Institute of Technology, 20 Lomb Memorial Drive, Rochester, NY 14623, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Extracting useful visual clues from medical images allowing accurate diagnoses requires physicians' domain knowledge acquired through years of systematic study and clinical training. This is especially true in the dermatology domain, a medical specialty that requires physicians to have image inspection experience. Automating or at least aiding such efforts requires ...
Widder Rebecca M RM Cedarville University School of Pharmacy, 251 N. Main St., Cedarville, OH 45314, - - 2014
Medical quackery has been a pressing issue nearly from the start of the medical profession - whether the nostrums and patent medications of old or the super-foods and miracle supplements of today. Throughout history and into the modern day, the medical establishment has tried to counteract the claims of charlatans ...
Randall Brad - - 2014
Beyond errors in diagnosis, procedural errors in completing the cause of death statement for the death certificate can usually be placed into a few distinct categories. Physicians often forget, after struggling to deal with a litany of medical problems, that an external event, usually trauma, brought a patient into their ...
Frandsen Rune R Danish Center for Sleep Medicine, Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Copenhagen University Hospital, Glostrup, - - 2014
Use of medication and polypharmacy is common as the population ages and its disease burden increases. We evaluated the association of antidepressants, benzodiazepines, antipsychotics and combinations of psychotropic drugs with all-cause mortality in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and a matched group without PD. We identified 5861 PD patients and ...
Lopes Luciane Cruz LC Universidade de Sorocaba, Sorocaba, SP, - - 2014
OBJECTIVE To analyze the access and utilization profile of biological medications for psoriasis provided by the judicial system in Brazil. METHODS This is a cross-sectional study. We interviewed a total of 203 patients with psoriasis who were on biological medications obtained by the judicial system of the State of Sao ...
Riaz Irbaz B IB Department of Internal Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to compare the efficacy of revascularization versus medical therapy in patients with atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (ARAS). ARAS is the most common cause of secondary hypertension and is associated with several complications, such as renal failure, coronary artery disease, cardiac destabilization, and stroke. Medical ...
Jayadev M M Assitant Professor, Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Panineeya Institute of Dental sciences & Hospital , Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India - - 2014
The objective was to assess the knowledge and pattern of antibiotic and non narcotic analgesic prescription for pulpal and periapical pathologies among dentists, registered with IDA, in and around Hyderabad. Cross-sectional survey was conducted from January 2014 to February 2014 in and around Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India. A questionnaire for ...
Griffiths Bradley B Department of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town and Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa. - - 2014
Background. Good evidence exists to support the use of secondary prevention medications (aspirin, statins, beta-blockers and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs)) and smoking cessation in patients after acute coronary syndromes (ACSs). Little is currently known about adherence to medication and smoking behaviour after discharge in South ...
Bliwise Donald L DL United States Renal Data System Rehabilitation/Quality of Life Special Studies Center and Department of Neurology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective of this study was to determine the association between the usage of four classes of "at-risk" medications (antidepressants, neuroleptics, antihistamines, and antiemetics with dopamine blockade) and restless legs syndrome (RLS) in dialysis patients within the United States Renal Data System (USRDS). This was a case-control design within a ...
Açıkgöz Sadık Kadri SK Cardiology Clinic, Turkiye Yuksek Ihtisas Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
Herbal drug use for cardiovascular disease is frequent and growing rapidly. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of herbal medicine use on medication adherence of cardiology patients. All patients admitted to the outpatient cardiology clinics, who had been prescribed at least one cardiovascular drug before, were ...
Herschman Jessica J Division of Adolescent Medicine, The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Traditional challenges of creating a medical app include hearing the voices of various stakeholders as a collective rather than in a consultative process that is sequential. This report describes the development of a mobile (smartphone) app for adolescents with lupus as well as the process that was used to overcome ...
Burin Achas K AK 55 Kilravock Street, London W10 4HY, UK - - 2014
It is usually accepted by ethicists that birth does not alter moral status. Rather, it is thought that the rule according full legal rights at birth is pragmatic. Pragmatic reasoning is vulnerable to competing practical concerns and stronger moral principles. This 'bright line' has therefore been criticised both by those ...
Yin Jinjin J Center for Drug Research and Development, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510282, P.R. - - 2014
Hugan Qingzhi tablet (HQT), a lipid- lowering traditional Chinese medicine formula, has been used for the prevention and treatment of nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFLD). This study was realized to evaluate the effects of HQT-medicated serum on hepatic steatosis using in vitro experiments with cells and explore the relevant mechanisms with ...
Lillis Steven S Medical Council of New Zealand, Level 6, 80 The Terrace, Wellington, New Zealand. - - 2014
To determine the frequency and nature of clinical difficulties faced in the first year of supervised clinical practice by international medical graduates (IMGs) who have successfully passed NZREX Clinical in order to be able to practise in New Zealand. All doctors who successfully passed NZREX Clinical and who registered with ...
Storf Holger H Institute of Medical Biostatistics, Epidemiology and Informatics (IMBEI), Mainz University Medical Center, Obere Zahlbacher Str. 69, 55131 Mainz, - - 2014
In Germany, many highly specialized facilities for the diagnosis and treatment of rare diseases exist. However it is quite difficult for patients to find the required specialists because of the fact that information on the internet is scattered and of variable quality. The German Federal Ministry of Health initiated several ...
Minarro-Giménez José Antonio JA Section for Medical Expert and Knowledge-Based Systems, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, - - 2014
With the rapidly growing amount of biomedical literature it becomes increasingly difficult to find relevant information quickly and reliably. In this study we applied the word2vec deep learning toolkit to medical corpora to test its potential for improving the accessibility of medical knowledge. We evaluated the efficiency of word2vec in ...
Crişan-Vida Mihaela M University Politehnica Timişoara, Romania/Department of Automation and Applied - - 2014
It is important for the patient to have access to personal medical information in order to manage information for increased quality of medical care and life. The paper presents a module added to an Obstetrics-Gynaecology Department information system (OGD IS) supporting patient empowerment. The patient is accessing the system easily ...
Lanzola Giordano G Department of Electrical, Computer and Biomedical Engineering, Univeristy of - - 2014
We illustrate G-quest, a platform originally meant to deliver questionnaires on mobile devices that supports the accomplishment of studies involving outpatients. However the constructs made available by the platform proved to be useful also for distributing learning material and checklists, after a paradigm shift in their application was adopted. Thus, ...
Sedki K K LIMICS (INSERM UMRS 1142), Université Paris 13, Sorbonne Paris Cité, 93017 Bobigny, France UPMC Université Paris 6, Sorbonne Universités, - - 2014
Medical decision making, such as choosing which drugs to prescribe, requires to consider mandatory constraints, e.g. absolute contraindications, but also preferences that may not be satisfiable, e.g. guideline recommendations or patient preferences. The major problem is that these preferences are complex, numerous and come from various sources. The considered criteria ...
Buxbaum Jason - - 2014
With specialty pharmaceutical prices on the rise, patients are often expected to pay anywhere from 30% to 50% of the specialty-tier drug price through co-insurance-based cost sharing. As these prices continue to climb, patients may choose lower-value medications for their medical needs or become nonadherent for cost-related reasons. Value-based insurance ...
Lee Bryan S BS Department of Neurological Surgery, Burkhardt Brain Tumor and Neuro-Oncology Center, Ohio, Cuyahoga, - - 2014
Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is an aggressive type of extra-nodal non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Without treatment, PCNSL is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, including rapid neurological deterioration. In contrast to other high-grade intracranial neoplasms, PCNSL is considered to have a high response rate to conventional medical therapy, especially in ...
Gajria Kavita K Global Health Economics, Outcomes Research and Epidemiology, Shire, Wayne, PA, - - 2014
Untreated attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can lead to substantial adverse social, economic, and emotional outcomes for patients. The effectiveness of current pharmacologic treatments is often reduced, due to low treatment adherence and medication discontinuation. This current systematic literature review analyzes the current state of knowledge surrounding ADHD medication discontinuation, focusing on: ...
Hardwick L - - 2014
The paper presents four examples of patients fainting. Although we all undergo yearly CPD updates, until you experience a medical emergency, you can never truly be ready for one.
Scott-Horton Tiffany T University of Illinois at Chicago, College of Pharmacy, Chicago, Illinois, - - 2014
The primary objective was to identify medication-list components preferred by patients. Secondary objectives included identifying a patient-preferred medication-list template, measuring change in patient knowledge and responsibility after using a medication list tailored to patient preference and assessing patient utilization of a personalized medication list. 12-week prospective presurvey and postsurvey from ...
Glab Kristin L KL Worcester, Massachusetts, - - 2014
Accidental falls represent a major public health concern for the elderly population. The use of psychotropic medications, cardiovascular medications, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs is associated with an increased risk of falling. The mechanisms by which these medications increase fall risk are not fully understood but may include orthostatic hypotension, sedation, ...
Lazar Susan G SG Clinical Professor of Psychiatry: Georgetown University School of Medicine, George Washington University School of Medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences; Supervising and Training Analyst, Washington Psychoanalytic - - 2014
Abstract Psychotherapy is an effective and often highly cost-effective medical intervention for many serious psychiatric conditions. Psychotherapy can also lead to savings in other medical and societal costs. It is at times the firstline and most important treatment and at other times augments the efficacy of psychotropic medication. Many patients ...
Runganga Maureen M The Prince Charles Hospital, Chermside, QLD, Australia ; Centre for Research in Geriatric Medicine, The University of Queensland School of Medicine, QLD, - - 2014
Older adults with a range of comorbidities are often prescribed multiple medications, which may impact on their function and cognition and increase the potential for drug interactions and adverse events. This study investigated the extent of polypharmacy and potentially inappropriate medications in patients receiving post-discharge transitional home care and explored ...
Rossignol Daniel A DA Rossignol Medical Center , Irvine, CA , - - 2014
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects 1 in 68 children in the United States. Even though it is a common disorder, only two medications (risperidone and aripiprazole) are approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat symptoms associated with ASD. However, these medications ...
Kohzaki Hidetsugu H Department of Cell Biology, Institute for Virus Research, Kyoto University , Kyoto , Japan ; Department of Molecular Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University , Suita , Japan ; Faculty of Allied Health Science, Yamato University , Suita , - - 2014
Since the completion of the Human Genome Project, technology has developed markedly in fields such as medical genetics and genetic counseling in the medical arena. In particular, this technology has advanced the discovery of and ways of understanding various genes responsible for genetic diseases, and genetic polymorphisms thought to be ...
Clarke John R JR Pennsylvania Patient Safety Authority , Harrisburg, PA - - 2013
The Pennsylvania Patient Safety Authority receives over 235,000 reports of medical error per year. Near miss and serious event reports of common and interesting problems are analysed to identify best practices for preventing harmful errors. Dissemination of this evidence-based information in the peer-reviewed Pennsylvania Patient Safety Advisory and presentations to ...
Read Jennifer P JP Department of Psychology, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo, New - - 2014
Posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSD) and problem alcohol use (ALC) commonly co-occur, but the nature of this co-occurrence is unclear. Self-medication explanations have been forwarded, yet traits such as tendency toward negative emotionality and behavioral disconstraint also have been implicated. In this study we test three competing models (Self-Medication, Trait Vulnerability, ...
Zhu Congcong - - 2013
Synthetic biodegradable elastomers are an emerging class of materials that play a critical role in supporting innovations in bioabsorbable medical implants. This work describes the synthesis and characterization of poly(glycerol-co-sebacate)-cinnamate (PGS-CinA), a biodegradable elastomer based on hyperbranched polyesters derivatized with pendant cinnamate groups. PGS-CinA can be prepared via photodimerization in ...
Reddy Narendra - - 2013
Silk has been considered biocompatible and used for medical applications for centuries. However, most of the silk currently used is produced by the domesticated silkworm, Bombyx mori. Recently, it has been demonstrated that silk produced by saturniidae insects such as Antheraea mylitta, Phylisomia ricini, and Antheraea pernyi had unique properties ...
Herbert Danielle - - 2012
What is the self-reported use of in vitro fertilization (IVF) and ovulation induction (OI) in comparison with insurance claims by Australian women aged 28-36 years? The self-reported use of IVF is quite likely to be valid; however, the use of OI is less well reported. Population-based research often relies on ...
Nagata Takashi - - 2012
The Great East Japan Earthquake occurred on March 11, 2011. In the first 10 days after the event, information about radiation risks from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant was unavailable, and the disaster response, including deployment of disaster teams, was delayed. Beginning on March 17, 2011, the Japan Medical Association ...
Kida Tetsuo - - 2012
DIS has not yet been implemented in Japan as of 2011. Therefore, even if risk was negligible, medical institutions have to entrust radioactive temporal waste disposal to Japan Radio Isotopes Association (JRIA) in the current situation. To decide whether DIS should be implemented in Japan or not, cost-saving effect of ...
Battista Jerry J - - 2012
The January 2010 articles in The New York Times generated intense focus on patient safety in radiation treatment, with physics staffing identified frequently as a critical factor for consistent quality assurance. The purpose of this work is to review our experience with medical physics staffing, and to propose a transparent ...
Lin Elizabeth H B - - 2012
Medication nonadherence, inconsistent patient self-monitoring, and inadequate treatment adjustment exacerbate poor disease control. In a collaborative, team-based, care management program for complex patients (TEAMcare), we assessed patient and physician behaviors (medication adherence, self-monitoring, and treatment adjustment) in achieving better outcomes for diabetes, coronary heart disease, and depression. A randomized controlled ...
Li Xiang-Hui XH Medical Department, General Hospital of Armed Police Forces of P. R. C., Beijing 100039, - - 2012
Earthquakes, floods, droughts, storms, mudslides, landslides, and forest wild fires are serious threats to human lives and properties. The present study aimed to study the environmental characteristics and pathogenic traits, recapitulate experiences, and augment applications of medical reliefs in tropical regions. Analysis was made on work and projects of emergency ...
Kapp Suzanne - - 2012
A study conducted in an Australian home nursing service sought to ascertain whether the provision of funding for compression bandaging and medical footwear would impact on compression therapy use, wound healing and quality of life (QoL) among people with venous leg ulcers. Clients (n = 120) were randomly allocated to ...
Van Vleet Lee M - - 2011
Abstract Introduction. Without bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), cardiac arrest survival decreases 7%-10% for every minute of delay until defibrillation. Dispatcher-assisted CPR (D-CPR) has been shown to increase the rates of bystander CPR and cardiac arrest survival. Other reports suggest that the most critical component of bystander CPR is chest compressions ...
Chaturvedi Arvind K - - 2011
  Prevalence of drugs in fatally injured obese pilots involved in aviation accidents has not been evaluated. Therefore, toxicological findings in such pilots (body mass index ≥30 kg/m(2) ) were examined in a data set derived from the Civil Aerospace Medical Institute's (CAMI's) Scientific Information System for 1990-2005. Aeromedical histories of ...
Bizzini Mario - - 2011
BackgroundSeveral proposals for preparticipation screening to detect risk factors for sudden cardiac death in sports have been published, but referees have been neglected in this respect.MethodsA standardised precompetition medical assessment (comprising a general physical, orthopaedic and cardiac examination and blood analysis) was performed in all 90 referees and assistant referees ...
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