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Boyd Tanner - - 2011
In October of 2010, the American Heart Association (AHA) published the 2010 Guidelines on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care. These guidelines place significant emphasis on 5 major areas of therapy in patient with cardiac arrest, including immediate recognition and activation of the emergency response team, effective chest compressions, rapid ...
Figueredo Vincent M - - 2011
The heart is a target of injury for many chemical compounds, both medically prescribed and not medically prescribed. Pathophysiologic mechanisms underlying the development of chemical-induced cardiomyopathies vary depending on the inciting agent, including direct toxic effects, neurohormonal activation, altered calcium homeostasis, and oxidative stress. Numerous chemicals and drugs are implicated ...
Conti Andrea A - - 2011
Many outstanding scientists have given their names to anatomic structures through time. Recently the use of eponyms has been at the center of a very interesting debate in the columns of prestigious medical journals. Even if some authors have questioned their adoption, not only do the names of great figures ...
Herman Daniel - - 2011
To perform at the highest level of international competition, athletes need to maximize rest during long travel, and expeditiously overcome the detrimental effects of "jet lag" (JL). The negative effects of JL may be alleviated by adopting a multimodality approach, including the judicious use of melatonin and other pharmacologic agents ...
Fraser Alan G - - 2011
The European Commission announced in 2008 that a fundamental revision of the medical device directives is being considered in order to clarify and strengthen the current legal framework. The system for testing and approving devices in Europe was established >20 years ago as a 'New Approach' to a previously little-regulated ...
Yuksel M - - 2011
Medical devices are essential to the practice of modern healthcare services. Their benefits will increase if clinical software applications can seamlessly acquire the medical device data. The need to represent medical device observations in a format that can be consumable by clinical applications has already been recognized by the industry. ...
Calcagnini G - - 2011
This paper investigates the electromagnetic compatibility of 45 critical care medical devices (infusion pumps, defibrillators, monitors, lung ventilators, anesthesia machines and external pacemakers) with various types of wireless local area network (WLAN, IEEE 802.11 b/g, 2.45 GHz, 100 mW) adapters. Interference is evaluated by performing ad-hoc tests according to the ...
Patterson Mark E - - 2011
High prescription copayments may create barriers to care, resulting in medication nonadherence. Although many studies have examined these associations in commercially insured patients with chronic disease, few have examined β-blocker effects in heart failure patients. Associations between β-blocker prescription copayment levels and medication nonadherence were examined within commercially insured beneficiaries ...
Kjeldsen Lene Juel - - 2011
Objective To identify various types of non-adherence among users of antihypertensive medications by establishing components of adherence measures and use these components for measuring the prevalence of non-adherence. Setting Twelve community pharmacies from the Danish county of Funen. Method Users of antihypertensive medication were included in the study. 2,914 medication ...
Hollstein Stephan - - 2011
Objectives: The recently introduced ultrasonic osteotome procedure is an alternative to conventional methods of osteotomy. The aim of the present study was to establish the differences between five recently introduced ultrasonic osteotomes and to perform micromorphological and quantitative roughness analyses of osteotomized bone surfaces. Materials and methods: Fresh, standard-sized bony ...
Backhouse Susan H - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Central to the work of many medical practitioners is the provision of pharmaceutical support for patients. Patients can include athletes who are subject to anti-doping rules and regulations which prohibit the use of certain substances in and out of competition. This paper examines the evidence on medical practitioners' knowledge, ...
Harman Melinda - - 2011
Evaluation of medical devices retrieved after in vivo service provides unique evidence related to the physiological environment in which the biomaterials performed. This study implements a training procedure for evaluating polyethylene bearings of joint prostheses obtained after pre-clinical tests or explanted after in vivo function. A total of 161 damage ...
Ozkan Suzan - - 2011
This study examined the frequency of pediatric medication administration errors and contributing factors. This research used the undisguised observation method and Critical Incident Technique. Errors and contributing factors were classified through the Organizational Accident Model. Errors were made in 36.5% of the 2344 doses that were observed. The most frequent ...
Van Den Bos Jill - - 2011
At a minimum, high-quality health care is care that does not harm patients, particularly through medical errors. The first step in reducing the large number of harmful medical errors that occur today is to analyze them. We used an actuarial approach to measure the frequency and costs of measurable US ...
Ayres Ronald E - - 2011
The Bureau of Osteopathic Specialists continually assesses the skills of osteopathic physician specialists in response to the growth of specialization in the osteopathic medical profession. Most recently, the Bureau has mandated that all osteopathic specialty certifying boards fully implement Osteopathic Continuous Certification no later than January 1, 2013. The authors ...
Fritsche Melissa D - - 2011
Studies show poor documentation of contraceptive counseling when prescribing women teratogenic medications, suggesting a missed opportunity for contraceptive education. A retrospective chart review of selected Food and Drug Administration class D and X medications evaluated the office visit initiating this medication for documentation of either contraceptive counseling or provision. Following ...
- - 2011
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA), on its own initiative, is issuing a final rule to reclassify Medical Device Data Systems (MDDSs) from class III (premarket approval) into class I (general controls). MDDS devices are intended to transfer, store, convert from one format to another according to preset specifications, or ...
Zuckerman Diana M - - 2011
Unlike prescription drugs, medical devices are reviewed by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) using 2 alternative regulatory standards: (1) premarket approval (PMA), which requires clinical testing and inspections; or (2) the 510(k) process, which requires that the device be similar to a device already marketed (predicate device). The ...
Patterson P Daniel - - 2011
To characterize patterns of Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) partner familiarity in three Emergency Medical Services (EMS) agencies. STUDY DESIGN/DATA SOURCES: We utilized a case study design and retrospective review of administrative data from three EMS agencies and 182 EMTs over 12 months. We used the Kruskal-Wallis test and Bonferroni corrected ...
Kingisepp Peet-Henn - - 2011
Alfred Fleisch was a Swiss physiologist who invented several medical devices, among them a device for measuring airflow known as Fleischs's pneumotachometre. The airflow measurers - transducers - are still well known and are used all over the world in different varieties of spirograph.
Thomas Laure - - 2011
The objectives of this study are to assess the relevance of the medication error reporting system in a French teaching hospital, to enable the collection of medication error reports and to take corrective actions to reduce occurrence. This is a prospective pilot study based on blame-free reporting by healthcare professionals. ...
Tsoucalas Gregory - - 2011
Pietro d'Abano is recognized as a leading figure in the early history of European medical faculties. Translator and scholar, he translated and commented in Latin the doctrines of Greek and Arab physicians and philosophers having an ambitious attempt, to reconcile the opposing views of Arab medicine and Greek natural philosophy. ...
Morandi Pierre-Alain - - 2011
External Quality Assessment (EQA) is an essential tool for laboratories to monitor the performances of their analyses. It also allows a comparison of methods and types of laboratories (professional laboratories vs. medical offices). We, therefore, compared 55,769 HbA1c EQA results obtained between 1999 and 2008 by laboratories participating in EQA ...
Wottawa Christopher - - 2011
A tactile feedback system has been developed in order to provide augmentative sensory feedback for a number of medical applications. The key component to the system is a pneumatic balloon-based tactile display, which can be scaled and adapted for a variety of configurations. The system also features pneumatic and electronic ...
Knott Thomas - - 2011
We reviewed several approaches in literature used in the design process of medical training simulators. We have collected a set of useful practical methods which should help to efficiently derive a well-founded design for a specific surgical intervention in a structured manner.
Marcum James A - - 2011
Abstract:Medicine often defines progress in terms of medical cures; however, such cures are rare. At best, medical progress generally consists of managing patients more efficiently or competently, especially in terms of relieving their symptoms. Today, medicine stands on the edge of curing a number of diseases. However, before achieving such ...
Mentz Robert J - - 2011
Chronic heart failure (HF) remains a major medical problem in the developed world, with rapidly rising prevalence, substantial morbidity, and high costs. The concept of titrating chronic HF therapies using physiologic markers, so called "biomarker guided therapy (BGT)", has become an area of substantial interest in HF given the underutilization ...
Heaps Dr Tom - - 2011
A 56-year-old female presents to the emergency department 6h after taking an overdose of verapamil MR 120mg × 28 capsules. She has a past medical history of hypertension and atrial flutter. On admission her GCS is 15, HR 50/min, BP 100/64, Capillary blood glucose(CBG) 10.2. ECG shows sinus bradycardia with ...
Jiménez Muñoz Ana Belén - - 2011
Medication errors (MEs) are important in terms of their magnitude and severity, and there are numerous systems in place to reduce their occurrence. However, the ideal system has not yet been identified. The authors' institution uses three different medication prescription-dispensation systems which operate simultaneously. ME rates were compared, overall and ...
Al-Shara Mohammad - - 2011
Significant efforts have been directed to understand medication errors in recent years. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the factors contributing to medication errors and related areas for improvement, as perceived by nurses. Two hundred registered nurses were asked to complete a questionnaire which asked them to identify types, ...
Wong Eliza L Y - - 2011
Studies on readmissions attributed to particular medical conditions, especially heart failure, have generally not addressed the factors associated with readmissions and the implications for health outcomes and costs. This study aimed to investigate the factors associated with 30-day unplanned readmission for 10 common conditions and to determine the cost implications. ...
Spreckelsen Cord - - 2011
The quantitative study of the publication output (bibliometrics) deeply influences how scientific work is perceived (bibliometric visibility). Recently, new bibliometric indices and databases have been established, which may change the visibility of disciplines, institutions and individuals. This study examines the effects of the new indices on the visibility of Medical ...
Money Arthur G - - 2011
Academic literature and international standards bodies suggest that user involvement, via the incorporation of human factors engineering methods within the medical device design and development (MDDD) process, offer many benefits that enable the development of safer and more usable medical devices that are better suited to users' needs. However, little ...
See Jovina L S - - 2011
Primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG) is equally prevalent in Indian in Asian population as the primary open angle glaucoma. Eighty-six percent of people with PACG are in Asia, with approximately 48.0% in China, 23.9% in India and 14.1% in southeast Asia. To understand PACG, it is mandatory to understand its ...
Voils Corrine I - - 2011
Medication nonadherence is a significant clinical problem in chronic disease management. Self-report measures have inadequate reliability and poor distributional properties. We demonstrate how two fundamental measurement issues have limited the usefulness of self-reported medication nonadherence measures and offer recommendations for improving measurement. We reviewed existing self-report measures of medication nonadherence ...
Linehan John H - - 2010
A Clinical and Translational Science Awards Industry Forum titled "Promoting Efficient and Effective Collaborations Among Academia, Government, and Industry" was held in February 2010. A workshop at this forum was organized to discuss ways to promote medical device innovation. Specific challenges to the device development process were identified, as well ...
Gao Yuan - - 2011
An integrated CMOS ultrawideband wireless telemetry transceiver for wearable and implantable medical sensor applications is reported in this letter. This high duty cycled, noncoherent transceiver supports scalable data rate up to 10 Mb/s with energy efficiency of 0.35 nJ/bit and 6.2 nJ/bit for transmitter and receiver, respectively. A prototype wireless ...
Choi Jong Soo - - 2011
Implementing an efficient Electronic Medical Record (EMR) system is regarded as one of the key strategies for improving the quality of healthcare services. However, the system's interoperability between medical devices and the EMR is a big barrier to deploying the EMR system in an outpatient clinical setting. The purpose of ...
Betstadt Sarah J - - 2011
Studies comparing immediate intrauterine device (IUD) insertion after first-trimester surgical abortion with interval insertion show similar efficacy and expulsion rates. However, women randomized to interval insertion of an IUD are less likely to return for device placement. An ideal time to insert intrauterine contraception may be the day a woman ...
Wear Delese - - 2011
Using René Magritte's well-known painting The Treachery of Images (This is not a pipe), we argue that the current focus on competencies throughout medical education can sometimes lead educators to rely too heavily on scores, checkmarks, or other forms of assessment that come to be viewed as equivalents for the ...
Byrne Lauren M - - 2010
Increased focus on the number and type of physicians delivering health care in the United States necessitates a better understanding of changes in graduate medical education (GME). Data collected by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) allow longitudinal tracking of residents, revealing the number and type of residents ...
Son Youn-Jung - - 2010
Heart failure (HF) is a progressive syndrome that marks the end-stage of heart diseases, and it has a high mortality rate and significant cost burden. In particular, non-adherence of medication in HF patients may result in serious consequences such as hospital readmission and death. This study aims to identify predictors ...
Okamoto Sawako - - 2011
/st> This study examines perceptions of persons who experienced a medical error and elements that may serve to open communication with those who experienced a medical error in Japan. /st> Survey of individuals who reported a previous medical error in their care and those who did not. /st> Tokyo, Osaka ...
Wolffram Heather - - 2012
During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, German medical hypnotists sought to gain a therapeutic and epistemological monopoly over hypnosis. In order to do this, however, these physicians were required to engage in a complex multi-dimensional form of boundary-work, which was intended on the one hand to convince the ...
Ray Arnab - - 2010
This paper demonstrates the benefits of adopting model-based design techniques for engineering medical device software. By using a patient-controlled analgesic (PCA) infusion pump as a candidate medical device, the authors show how using models to capture design information allows for i) fast and efficient construction of executable device prototypes ii) ...
Pinto Antonio A Antonio Pinto, Department of Radiology, Cardarelli Hospital, Via Cardarelli 9, 80131, Naples, - - 2010
Diagnostic errors are important in all branches of medicine because they are an indication of poor patient care. Since the early 1970s, physicians have been subjected to an increasing number of medical malpractice claims. Radiology is one of the specialties most liable to claims of medical negligence. Most often, a ...
- - 2010
Just as much as healthcare information systems, medical devices need protection against cybersecurity threats. Anti-malware software can help safeguard the devices in your facility-but it has limitations and even risks. Find out what steps you can take to manage anti-malware applications in your devices.
Anand K - - 2010
In the medical device field, there are a number of players, having quite different responsibilities and levels of understanding of the processes, but all with one common interest, that of ensuring the availability of sound medical devices to the general public. To assist in this very important process, there is ...
- - 2010
The Parks Medical Flo-Lab 2100-SX vascular laboratory system may react to infrared (IR) emissions from the CenTrak real-time locating system (RTLS) as if they were remote-control commands, causing the Flo-Lab to operate without user action. Parks Medical plans to offer a redesigned remote control to eliminate susceptibility of its product ...
Rao Masood Hussain - - 2010
To compare the statistical methods, types of article and design of studies used in 1998 and 2007 articles of leading indexed and non-indexed medical journals of Pakistan. Six leading medical journals of Pakistan: (1) JCPSP, (2) JPMA, (3) JAMC, (4) PJMS, (5) PJMR and (6) PAFMJ, were selected for this ...
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