Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 217
1 2 3 4 5 >
Weissenstein Anne A Research Assistant, Ped Mind Institute, - - 2014
Background: The use of complementary medical treatment in wound management has continued to grow throughout the world. There is a large body of evidence that supports the use of honey as a wound dressing for a wide range of wound types. The authors present an update of present knowledge about ...
Hostler David - - 2014
Abstract Exertional heat illness is rarely encountered by individual EMS providers but can be common in certain settings and events. The notion that significantly altered mental status must accompany elevated core temperature in heat illness may delay recognition and treatment. We report on a series of marathon and half-marathon runners ...
Bengtsson B-Os - - 2013
A term infant treated for post-extubation stridor with nebulized racemic epinephrine developed localized facial blanching due to cutaneous absorption of the aerosolized vasoconstrictor. Local application of heat restored circulation to the afflicted area. This complication of a commonly used medication is not previously reported in the medical literature and has ...
Kue Ricky C - - 2013
Introduction Heat waves pose a serious public health risk to particular patient populations, especially in urban areas. Emergency Medical Services (EMS) in many urban areas constitute the first line of regional preparation and response to major heat wave events; however, little is known on heat wave operational impact to the ...
Lipman Grant S - - 2013
The Wilderness Medical Society (WMS) convened an expert panel to develop a set of evidence-based guidelines for the recognition, prevention, and treatment of heat-related illness. We present a review of the classifications, pathophysiology, and evidence-based guidelines for planning and preventive measures as well as best-practice recommendations for both field- and ...
Seidman Seth J - - 2013
The use of radiofrequency identification (RFID) in healthcare is increasing and concerns for electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) pose one of the biggest obstacles for widespread adoption. Numerous studies have documented that RFID can interfere with medical devices. The majority of past studies have concentrated on implantable medical devices such as implantable ...
McCormick Patrick J - - 2013
Common practice when validating the cleaning of medical devices is to employ clinically relevant test soils as a challenge to the cleaning process. During use, medical devices may come into contact with a variety of materials that are difficult to clean. One example of this is the use of ophthalmic ...
Chewter Michelle - - 2013
According to Dawes and Thomas (2009) the major priority of Defence Medical Services in battlefield casualties is haemorrhagic control. In recent years the author has witnessed a marked change in clinical guidelines regarding haemorrhagic shock. The purpose of this article is to outline the recent changes to protocol.
Powers Jennifer Gloeckner - - 2013
Covering wounds, acute and chronic, is one of the most fundamental activities of any medical practitioner. Although wound dressings primarily serve to contain the "good" and keep out the "bad," research has characterized more specifically the sophisticated interaction between the human wound bed and its dressing counterpart. Wound dressings for ...
Lantos John D - - 2013
One of two commentaries on "Normalizing Atypical Genitalia: How a Heated Debate Went Astray," by Josephine Johnston, from the November-December 2012 issue.
Johnston Josephine - - 2013
A reply by the author of "Normalizing Atypical Genitalia: How a Heated Debate Went Astray," to "The Battle Lines of Sexual Politics and Medical Morality," by John D. Lantos, and "More Rhetoric Than Argument?" by Ellen K. Feder, Alice Dreger, and Anne Tamar-Mattis.
Woo Kevin Y - - 2013
Although complete healing may seem to be the logical goal for most patients and clinicians, some wounds do not have the potential to heal due to a number of factors such as inadequate vasculature, coexisting medical conditions and medications that prohibit the healing process. Local management of wounds that are ...
Kerr Zachary Y - - 2013
It is estimated that more than 9000 high school athletes are treated for exertional heat illness annually. Risk factors include being obese and beginning practice during hot and humid weather, when athletes are not yet acclimated to physical exertion in heat. To describe the epidemiology of exertional heat illness in ...
Pozza Moreno - - 2013
Intraosseous access is becoming a lifesaving procedure under emergency conditions in Afghanistan?s battlefield. The EZ-IO system (Vidacare, San Antonio, TX, USA) was successfully used in five patients in whom there was difficulty finding a peripheral venous access. The EZIO is an indispensable medical device to be used on the battlefield ...
Samosky Joseph T - - 2013
We introduce a novel platform for medical device training: hybrid physical-virtual simulators of medical devices, combining touchscreen-enabled virtual emulations of real devices with sensorized physical peripherals to enable tactile, hands-on interaction between the trainee, simulated device and standardized patients or mannequins. The system enables objective measurement and recording of trainee ...
Alam Rajib - - 2013
Anaphylactic reaction to contrast media during selective coronary angiography is a rare occurrence. It can be occasionally resistant to medical treatment leading to cardiovascular collapse and death. The use of intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) counter-pulsation when the supportive medical treatment fails during anaphylactic shock is not well documented in the ...
Sun Zhengao - - 2013
The objective of this paper was to investigate the characteristics and general rules of domestic safflower injection causing allergic shock, to retrieve the medical journals published domestically, and to make statistical analysis on the cases of allergic shock caused by safflower injection. Results showed that the incidence of allergic shock ...
Littlewood Keith E - - 2012
Background: Case-based discussion (CBD) is an established method for active learning in medical education. High-fidelity simulation has emerged as an important new educational technology. There is limited data from direct comparisons of these modalities. Aims: The primary purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of high-fidelity medical simulation ...
Nagafuchi Yasuo - - 2012
A 28-year-old rheumatoid arthritis woman treated with adalimumab was admitted with fever, cough, and right chest pain. X-ray showed right pleural effusion. By medical thoracoscopy, diffuse white nodules were observed, and biopsy specimen demonstrated epithelioid cell granulomas with necrosis and auramine-stained organisms, which suggested a diagnosis of tuberculous pleurisy. Medical ...
Nakayama Yuki - - 2012
In 2010, an 84-year-old man underwent thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair (TEVAR) for the saccular descending thoracic pseudoaneurysm (DTAA), which was adherent to the pulmonary lobe and thoracic vertebrae. Past medical history comprised twice anti-tuberculous medications for pulmonary tuberculosis and tuberculous vertebral osteomyelitis. The dilated aorta was detected at the time ...
Quazi T A - - 2012
To assess the proportion of tuberculosis (TB) patients diagnosed in three medical colleges in the states of West Bengal and Meghalaya who benefited from the services provided under the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP), a line list of patients with reports of investigations suggesting probable or confirmed TB was ...
Mkhize-Kwitshana Zilungile L - - 2012
In South Africa medical parasitology is neglected due to a shift in funding priorities to focus on HIV, tuberculosis and malaria. Evidence suggests that helminth infections have deleterious effects on HIV and tuberculosis. A multisectoral approach involving key government and research institutions is required to rekindle interest in medical parasitology.
Powell Krista - - 2012
In October 2008, pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) was diagnosed in a driver who had transported 762 passengers in the District of Columbia metropolitan area during his infectious period. A passenger contact investigation was conducted by the six public health jurisdictions because of concern that some passengers might be infected with HIV ...
Kebede Abebe - - 2012
To benefit from therapy and to avoid contracting treatment resistant strains, the individuals must adhere to medications. The study was designed to assess the degree of drug adherence and its determinants in patients living with HIV/AIDS and TB comorbidity. A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the degree of drug ...
Barnard A R - - 2012
Introduction. Medications used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, such as corticosteroids, disease-modifying agents (DMARDs), and injectable biological agents (anti-TNFα), may have widespread effects on wound healing. In hand surgery, it is important to balance the risks of poor wound healing from continuing a medication against the risks of a flare of ...
Chang I-Chiu - - 2011
Abstract Barriers to report incident events using an online information system (IS) may be different from those of a paper-based reporting system. The nationwide online Patient-Safety Reporting System (PSRS) contains a value judgment behind use of the system, similar to the Value of Perceived Consequence (VPC), which is seldom discussed ...
Riccio Dominick J - - 2011
If a patient comes for psychotherapy or psychoanalysis, why medicate him with psychotropic drugs? The answers to this question are explored and addressed from several points of view. The central hypothesis of this paper suggests that most of the reasons for medicating patients have to do with therapist's unresolved countertransference ...
Gunasekaran Thirumurugan T Research lab, GIET School of Pharmacy, NH-5, Chaitanya Nagar, Rajahmundry- 533294, - - 2011
Nanotechnology is on the threshold of providing a host of new materials and approaches, revolutionizing the medical and pharmaceutical fields. Several areas of medical care are already profiting from the advantage that nanotechnology offers. Recently, silver nanoparticles are attracting interest for a clinical application because of its potential biological properties ...
Mc Guckin Conor - - 2011
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), diabetes and asthma are chronic illnesses that affect a substantial number of people. The continued high cost of clinic- and hospital-based care provision in these areas could be reduced by patients self-monitoring their condition more effectively. Such a move requires an understanding of how to ...
Smallwood Jonathan - - 2011
Medical Education 2011: 45: 1072-1080 Context  Mind wandering - defined as a cognitive focus on information that is unrelated to immediate sensory input or the task at hand - is a ubiquitous characteristic of the human condition. When it occurs, the integrity of a wide range of cognitive skills can ...
Hodges Brian David - - 2011
Medical education practice is more often the result of tradition, ritual, culture, and history than of any easily expressed theoretical or conceptual framework. The authors explain the importance and nature of the role of theory in the design and conduct of graduate medical education. They outline three groups of theories ...
Anstey Peter - - 2011
This article examines the process by which the London physician Thomas Sydenham (1624-89) rose to fame as the English Hippocrates in the late seventeenth century. It provides a survey of the evidence for the establishment of Sydenham's reputation from his own writings, his professional relations, and the writings of his ...
Lorusso Lorenzo - - 2011
Filippo Lussana's scientific activities are neglected in neurological field. His activity could be divided into two phases: as a medical practitioner and the academic period, as a clinical neurophysiologist. The focus of his various research studies was the central nervous system, including balance disorders (the role of the cerebellum and ...
Avila Lazslo Antonio - - 2011
We present Groddeckian psychoanalytic psychosomatics in practice through two case studies. Groddeck pioneered the application of psychoanalysis to organic diseases, but his ideas have not been explored adequately. It is necessary to reappraise his concepts to develop their potential in psychoanalysis. We aim to demonstrate the efficacy of the Groddeckian ...
Saal Wylene - - 2011
We sought to determine the extent to which the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) was applicable in predicting medication adherence among South Africans receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART). Regression analyses revealed that the linear combination of attitudes towards adherence, perceived behavioural control and perceived group norms explained 12 percent of the ...
Panourias Ioannis G - - 2011
Numerous Hellenic terms have been gradually adopted during the development of modern medical science. Moreover, there are a significant number of words that derive directly from the Hippocratic texts. Hippocrates (ca. 460-ca. 377 BC), revered as the father of medicine, and his followers left behind a valuable heritage of medical ...
Dyche Lawrence - - 2011
Medical Education 2011:45: 663-668 Context  For doctors, curiosity is fundamental to understanding each patient's unique experience of illness, building respectful relationships with patients, deepening self-awareness, supporting clinical reasoning, avoiding premature closure and encouraging lifelong learning. Yet, curiosity has received limited attention in medical education and research, and studies from the ...
Rong Peijing - - 2011
Chinese ancient medical scientists have long focused on the internal and external contacts between acupoints on the surface of the body and the viscera. The Miraculous Pivot (it is one of the earliest medical classics in China) stated, "Twelve regular channels belong to the zang-fu organs internally, and connect to ...
Babu Thirunavukkarasu Arun - - 2011
Background: Though doctors are considered to be respectful role models of professionalism and ethics, medical students are no strangers to academic dishonesty. Aim: To assess the academic dishonesty practices among undergraduate students from private medical schools in India. Methods: A pre-tested and validated questionnaire containing 10 commonly done academic misconducts ...
Daaleman Timothy P - - 2011
Contemporary educational approaches to professionalism do not take into account the dominant influence that the culture of academic medicine has on the nascent professional attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors of medical learners. This article examines formation as an organizing principle for professionalism in medical education. Virtue, the foundation to understanding professionalism, ...
Hara Yukihiko - - 2011
Green tea polyphenols have been reported to have many beneficial health effects. This review describes the development of Polyphenon(®) E as a standardized green tea polyphenol preparation for many clinical trials and as an FDA-approved medication to treat genital warts. The procedures involving this process and the subsequent development of ...
Dauphinee W Dale - - 2011
The use of networks for sharing and distributing information, for institutional collaboration, and action programs is commonplace. In 1989, the Medical Council of Canada began the implementation of a national clinical licensing examination to assess physicians for practice skills and decision making using standardized or simulated patients in an Objective ...
Mazzarello Paolo P University History Museum and Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Pavia, Italy. - - 2011
Cesare Lombroso (1835-1909) was a prominent Italian medical doctor and intellectual in the second half of the nineteenth century. He became world famous for his theory that criminality, madness and genius were all sides of the same psychobiological condition: an expression of degeneration, a sort of regression along the phylogenetic ...
Kobin Allison Beth - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine the adherence levels needed for HIV virologic suppression with newer antiretroviral (ARV) medications, including darunavir, etravirine, and raltegravir. DATA SOURCES: Literature searches of PubMed, MEDLINE (1950-October 2010), and Google Scholar were performed using the following key words in multiple combinations: antiretroviral, HIV, AIDS, adherence, darunavir, raltegravir, and ...
Chiellini Federica - - 2011
Poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) is extensively used in the production of medical devices including endotracheal tubes. In order to make PVC flexible extensive quantities of plasticizers are added to the virgin matrix and among these, di-(2-ethylhexyl)-phthalate (DEHP) is the most used in PVC medical devices. DEHP is not covalently bound to ...
Hung Oliver L - - 2011
During the past decade several new antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) have become available, including new formulations of some of the older medications. Understanding the pharmacokinetics of the new AEDs is important because they are primarily used for adjunctive therapy and interactions with other medications can result in significant toxicities. The new-generation ...
Matsumoto Yoshitaka - - 2011
Collagen sponge is one of the medical materials that are frequently used in clinical medicine. However, the problem of prion disease harmfully affected the usage of mammals-derived medical materials. Since there have been no reports about prion disease occurring in marine products, we produced the collagen and elastin sponge (CES) ...
Lenz Thomas L - - 2011
With the development of new drugs, it is common practice for drug manufacturers to measure their pharmacokinetic parameters. This testing involves the discovery of the absorption, distribution, metabolic, excretory and toxicological properties of drugs. The testing is usually done in non-stressful conditions at rest, however, this does not necessarily tell ...
Thomas Sheila L - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to assess the websites of American Association of Medical Colleges (AAMC)-member medical schools for the presence of library links. Sixty-one percent (n = 92) of home pages of the 150 member schools of the AAMC contain library links. For the 58 home pages not offering such ...
Ortega Rafael A - - 2011
Music permeates the medical literature regarding disease therapy. However, there are only few articles concerning music as a tool for development of cultural competency and interpersonal relations. We share our experience of forming a musical act of students and faculty at a medical school. We believe that this group has ...
1 2 3 4 5 >