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Han Leona C LC *Department Administrative Services-Research, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN †Department of Urology, Yale University School of Medicine ‡Cancer Outcomes Public Policy and Effectiveness Research Center, Yale University §Center for Outcomes Research and Evaluation, Yale-New Haven Hospital, New Haven, CT ‚ą•Division of Health Care Policy & Research, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN ¶Division of Urologic Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center-Temple University Health System, Philadelphia, PA #Department of Urology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, - - 2014
Despite little available evidence to determine whether recently introduced selective α-1 blockers and 5-α reductase inhibitors (5-ARIs) are superior to the existing agents in treating benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), they are being increasingly prescribed. To describe the prescribing patterns of new and existing agents among patients with incident BPH after ...
Mikyas Yeshi Y Amgen Inc, One Amgen Center Drive, MS 28-3-A, Thousand Oaks, CA, 91320, US, - - 2014
Male osteoporosis is an increasingly important public health concern. Although several medications are approved for the treatment of osteoporosis, medication non-adherence and the associated consequences are not well documented in male populations. Our objective was to identify and summarize the current knowledge related to osteoporotic medication adherence, the potential implications ...
Goren A A Kantar Health, New York, NY, - - 2013
To evaluate the impact of treating urge urinary incontinence (UUI), including mixed urinary incontinence (MUI), on healthcare resource utilisation, productivity, activity impairment and associated costs. The study used data from the 2011 U.S. National Health and Wellness Survey, an Internet-based questionnaire of a nationwide sample of adults. UUI or MUI ...
Pöyhönen A A Department of Urology, Tampere University Hospital and University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland; Keski-Suomi Central Hospital, Jyväskylä, - - 2013
To compare outcome of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) between men with medical and surgical treatment. A questionnaire was mailed to men aged 55, 65 and 75 years living in Tampere region, Finland in 1999 and the survey was repeated in 2004. LUTS were evaluated using DAN-PSS-1 questionnaire. A total of ...
Filson Christopher P CP Division of Health Services Research, Department of Urology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, - - 2013
To examine trends in medical management of men with benign prostatic hyperplasia/lower urinary tract symptoms (BPH/LUTS) in relation to sentinel events specific to particular medication regimens. Using the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (1993-2010), we identified outpatient visits by men with BPH/LUTS. We ascertained prescriptions for medical therapy and distinguished ...
Coesmans Michael - - 2013
The notion that cerebellar deficits may underlie clinical symptoms in people with schizophrenia is tested by evaluating 2 forms of cerebellar learning in patients with recent-onset schizophrenia. A potential medication effect is evaluated by including patients with or without antipsychotics. We assessed saccadic eye movement adaptation and eyeblink conditioning in ...
Anawalt Bradley D - - 2013
Male subfertility is common, and it causes significant duress to couples. Although the most common cause of male subfertility is idiopathic failure of spermatogenesis, a significant percentage of male subfertility is medically treatable. Compared to reproductive specialists, endocrinologists may see a population of men that have a higher prevalence of ...
Foster Shonda A - - 2013
Abstract Objective: Erectile dysfunction (ED) and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) commonly affect older men. There is limited epidemiology information on coexisting ED and BPH. This study assessed self-reported prevalence of ED with or without a diagnosis of BPH (ED/DxBPH versus ED only) in US men. Methods: Men ≥40 years old, ...
Kusljic Snezana - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: To identify the enablers and barriers affecting medication-taking behaviour in aging men with benign prostatic hyperplasia. Methods: A total of 40 patients attending the urology outpatient clinic in Melbourne in 2012 were screened. Patients who successfully met the inclusion criteria were interviewed using a structured interview schedule. Information ...
Wentzell Emily - - 2013
As lifestyle drug production and medical interest in geriatrics increase, the medicalization of aging and sexuality have become intertwined. Drugs like Viagra naturalize lifelong performance of phallocentric sex as a marker of healthy aging. Yet despite the ubiquity of medical aids for having "youthful" sex in older age, this article ...
Lazar J Wayne - - 2013
This chapter has two emphases, one is about the men who influenced the visual representations that David Ferrier (1843-1928) used to illustrate his work on localization of brain functions during the years 1873-1875, namely, Alexander Ecker, John C. Galton, and Ernest Waterlow, and the other is about the nature of ...
Wu Nan - - 2012
To assess the compliance of Chinese urologists with China's benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) clinical practice guideline and to explore the diagnosis and therapy modalities for geriatric patients with BPH. A cross-sectional survey study was carried out in 33 medical centers in 11 different cities in China. A total of 190 ...
Scranton Richard E RE Clinical Scientist Consulting, Framingham, MA 01701, USA. - - 2013
Optimal pharmacologic management of diseases comorbid with erectile dysfunction (ED), such as cardiovascular disease, depression, diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and benign prostatic hyperplasia/lower urinary tract symptoms (BPH/LUTS), is dependent upon long-term treatment compliance and may be complicated by poor adherence to medication use. ED may contribute to poor adherence to medication ...
Plante Mark - - 2012
Purpose: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is uncontrolled human prostatic epithelial and stromal cell proliferation and delayed cell death, resulting in clinical lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and possibly urine retention for the majority of men as they age. Materials and Methods: The medical literature was searched and analyzed to present ...
Prasad Keerthana - - 2011
This paper demonstrates the use of TissueQuant - an image analysis tool for quantification of color intensities which was developed for use in medical research where the stained biological specimen such as tissue or antigen needs to be quantified. TissueQuant provides facilities for user interaction to choose and quantify the ...
Lee Dong-Youn - - 2011
Background  In vitiligo, the melanocyte of the hair follicle is one of the major sources for repigmentation. Segmental vitiligo seems to be often associated with white hairs. However, in the case of small vellus hairs, it is often difficult or impossible to detect hair color. Thus, the real incidence of ...
Ewen Shaun C - - 2011
This paper investigates the relationship between the unacceptably poor levels of Indigenous health in Australia, the very low levels of representation (As at 2009, approximately 140 Indigenous medical graduates Australia wide) of Indigenous people within the medical field, and the potential for parrhesia (translated as "fearless speech") to challenge the ...
Goudas Pavlos C - - 2011
This work does not analyze the entire subject of uroscopy but focuses on a very small part thereof: i.e., some rare urine colors, in particular green and blue. These are so rare that most modern nephrologists have never encountered them. We conducted a small survey comparing contemporary knowledge with that ...
Couser G Thomas - - 2011
Disability studies can be of great value to medical education first, by placing the medical paradigm in the broad context of a sequence of ways of understanding and responding to disability that have emerged in the last two thousand years or so; second, by reminding medical professionals that people with ...
Matías-Guiu J - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Relationship between ghost-authors and medical writers has been debated, even arriving to citizens. Accusation that through ghost-authors, market messages are introduced in medical journals has been suggested. DEVELOPMENT: This paper carried out an analysis of ghost-authors and their application to medical writers and discusses the intellectual authorship of the ...
McCarter Susan - - 2011
Using data from the 2007 National Survey of Children's Health, this study identifies the characteristics of those youth served and not served by a medical home. Although Patient-Centered Medical Homes (PCMHs) are being piloted with Medicaid clients, these national data indicate that adolescents are least likely to receive services from ...
Cardarelli Roberto - - 2011
The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate and refine an adjuvant system of color-specific symbols that are added to medication bottles and to assess whether this system would increase the ability of patients 65 years of age or older in matching their medication to the indication for which ...
Louis Winnifred R - - 2010
Bias against foreign-born or -trained medical students and doctors is not well understood, despite its documented impact on recruitment, integration and retention. This research experimentally examines the interaction of location of medical education and nationality in evaluations of doctors' competence and trustworthiness. A convenience sample of prospective patients evaluated fictitious ...
Monrouxe Lynn V - - 2011
Passing underperformance in students is ubiquitous across health and social care educators and is intimately related to the subsequent welfare of patients: underperforming students may become underperforming practitioners. This paper aims to examine how medical educators construct passing underperformance through an analysis of their social act of explaining such behaviours ...
Kanter Steven L - - 2010
This article provides historical background on Henry S. Pritchett, first president of the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching (CFAT), analysis of his introduction to Abraham Flexner's 1910 report on medical education, and discussion of the major role that Pritchett played in conceiving the study on which the Flexner ...
Stevens Carl D - - 2010
In this issue of Academic Medicine, Walling and Merando's literature review on the senior-year curriculum finds a broad consensus that this final year underperforms educationally at many U.S. medical schools, but little agreement on how to improve it. The review challenges us to consider how best to develop this key ...
Burr Steven - - 2010
Maximizing the potential of feedback requires being receptive to suggestions for change, adapting feedback according to different learning styles, and making the most of new developments. This article provides a foundation in the theory of modern medical education for those receiving or giving feedback at any level.
Riggs Garrett - - 2010
At the start of the 20th century, Abraham Flexner proposed a number of reforms for medical education in his seminal 1910 report, Medical Education in the United States and Canada. His recommendations were wide ranging, including a strong scientific basis, use of pedagogical methods, and faculty whose principal role is ...
Markert Ronald J - - 2010
Guidance and mentorship benefit faculty who having little or no background conducting research in medical education. From his experience the author suggests three characteristics that distinguish medical educators who are especially productive in their scholarly activities: intrinsic rather than extrinsic motivation, collaboration with colleagues, and the personal qualities of patience ...
Aronson Louise - - 2011
Background: Review of studies published in medical education journals over the last decade reveals a diversity of pedagogical approaches and educational goals related to teaching reflection. Aim: The following tips outline an approach to the design, implementation, and evaluation of reflection in medical education. Method: The method is based on ...
Lam Godfrey - - 2010
Simulation-based medical education has gained tremendous popularity over the past two decades. Driven by the patient safety movement, changes in the educational opportunities available to trainees and the rapidly evolving capabilities of computer technology, simulation-based medical education is now being used across the continuum of medical education. This review provides ...
Maccarrick G - - 2010
Preparing a medical school for institutional review of all aspects of the school's programs requires an understanding of the international standards being used and adequate preparation and planning (MacCarrick et al. in Med Teach 32(5):e227, 2010; MacCarrick in Ir J Med Sci, 2010). This series examines each of the nine ...
Skochelak Susan E - - 2010
PURPOSE: To review the recommendations of 15 U.S. and Canadian reports, published in the last decade, that call for significant change in medical education. METHOD: The author selected for review 15 reports published over the last ten years that emphasize general recommendations for change in medical education in the United ...
Anderson M Brownell - - 2010
The authors present an overview of the educational programs, infrastructure to support them, and the assessment strategies of 128 medical schools in the United States and Canada, based on reports submitted by those schools and published in this supplement to Academic Medicine. The authors explore many important changes that have ...
Ipsen Merete - - 2010
PURPOSE: To enhance the recognition of educational effort and thereby support faculty vitality, the authors aimed to identify essential categories of educational effort from the perspective of clinical faculty and determine whether the emerging categories were in concordance with an organizational perspective. METHOD: The authors performed nominal group processes in ...
Starmer Darren L - - 2010
The past decade has seen an increased effort to standardized medical curricula internationally. Despite these efforts, a lack of standardization remains evident, most likely owing to the lack of specificity with which such frameworks are often (out of necessity) constructed. As such, inconsistencies may arise owing to differences in adopted ...
Leal Julie Ehret - - 2010
To evaluate public awareness of pharmaceuticals in drinking water and to develop educational efforts to promote awareness in our community. A review of the literature was conducted to gain a full perspective of the current issue. Questionnaires, interviews, and website feedback were used to assess awareness of the problem and ...
Hodges Brian David - - 2010
One hundred years after Abraham Flexner released his report Medical Education in the United States and Canada, the spirit of reform is alive again. Reports in the United States and Canada have called for significant changes to medical education that will allow doctors to adapt to complex environments, work in ...
Ruiter Dirk J - - 2012
A major challenge in contemporary research is how to connect medical education and cognitive neuroscience and achieve synergy between these domains. Based on this starting point we discuss how this may result in a common language about learning, more educationally focused scientific inquiry, and multidisciplinary research projects. As the topic ...
Ohba Hisateru - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to clarify actual conditions and problems in medical information education and to propose the educational concept to be adopted in medical information. A questionnaire survey was carried out by the anonymous method in June 2008. The survey was intended for 40 radiological technology schools. ...
Kuper Ayelet - - 2010
PURPOSE: This paper answers two related questions: When did the education of doctors become a subject for scientific inquiry? And what were the political and economic contexts, the worldviews, structures and events, that enabled the emergence and development of medical education research at that time and in that manner? METHOD: ...
Fincher Ruth-Marie E - - 2010
PURPOSE: In May 2007, the Association of American Medical Colleges and the Carl J. Shapiro Institute for Education and Research cosponsored "Millennium Conference 2007: A Collaborative Approach to Educational Research" (MC07). Educational leaders from eight U.S. medical schools and the host school (Harvard Medical School) sought to develop an operational ...
Rigby Perry G - - 2010
Graduate medical education (GME) in Louisiana has evolved into the present status, the sum of institutions providing medical education, as in each of the states and the country as a whole. Louisiana reflects the United States (U.S.) averages in practically every GME parameter and measurement with relatively small variations. The ...
Schwartz Alan - - 2010
The authors explore issues surrounding digital repositories with the twofold intention of clarifying their creation, structure, content, and use, and considering the implementation of a global digital repository for medical education research data sets-an online site where medical education researchers would be encouraged to deposit their data in order to ...
Kalet Adina L - - 2010
Researchers lack the rich evidence base and benchmark patient outcomes needed to evaluate the effectiveness of medical education practice and guide policy. The authors offer a framework for medical education research that focuses on physician-influenced patient outcomes that are potentially sensitive to medical education. Adapting the concept of ambulatory care ...
Chong Anthony - - 2010
As a reaction to the medical workforce shortage in Australia, a large expansion of undergraduate medical education has occurred through the provision of funding of additional medical student places. As a consequence, the number of medical graduates is anticipated to increase by as much as 90% with a peak in ...
Hensen Peter - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The introduction of the Bologna Process, in particular the implementation of a tiered structure of study programs and degrees, imposes quite some changes in most European higher education systems. The purpose of this article is to introduce some major points of the Bologna Process with regard to medical education ...
Kiessling Claudia - - 2010
To propose a comprehensive set of competencies and educational objectives for communication and social competencies in undergraduate medical education and to support the nationwide implementation of these issues in all medical schools. Thirty experts from different medical and psychosocial disciplines participated in a 2-day workshop using the Nominal Group Technique ...
Swanwick Tim - - 2010
Clinicians are increasingly involved in teaching, learning, assessment and supervisory activities with medical students, trainees and other health professionals. Participation in professional development pathways and activities in medical education enables clinical teachers to provide high quality education and training.
Schofield Aurel - - 2010
CONTEXT: Distributed medical education sites help train, recruit and retain doctors, notably in rural and isolated areas, by providing education and training in these areas and adapting their curriculum to meet the host community's health needs. OBJECTIVES: The Centre de Formation Médicale du Nouveau Brunswick (CFMNB; New Brunswick Medical Education ...
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